DERMATOLOGY (from ancient Greek δέρμα, derma which means skin and λογία, logia) is the branch of medicine dealing with the skin , nails , hair and its diseases . It is a specialty with both medical and surgical aspects. A dermatologist treats diseases, in the widest sense, and some cosmetic problems of the skin, scalp, hair, and nails.
* 1 Etymology * 2 History
* 3 Training
* 3.1 United States
* 4 Fields
* 5 Therapies * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links
Attested in English in 1819, the word dermatology derives from the Greek δέρματος (dermatos), genitive of δέρμα (derma), "skin" (itself from δέρω dero, "to flay" ) and -λογία -logia.
Main article: History of dermatology
Readily visible alterations of the skin surface have been recognized since the dawn of history, with some being treated, and some not. In 1801 the first great school of dermatology became a reality at the famous Hôpital Saint-Louis in Paris, while the first textbooks (Willan's, 1798–1808) and atlases (Alibert\'s , 1806–1814) appeared in print during the same period of time.
NAMES Doctor, Medical Specialist
OCCUPATION TYPE Specialty
Fields of employment Hospitals , Clinics
The examples and perspective in this article DEAL PRIMARILY WITH THE UNITED STATES AND DO NOT REPRESENT A WORLDWIDE VIEW OF THE SUBJECT. You may improve this article , discuss the issue on the talk page , or create a new article , as appropriate. (November 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )
After earning a medical degree (M.D. or D.O. ), the length of
training in the United States for a general dermatologist to be
eligible for Board Certification by the American Academy of
American Board of Dermatology or the American Osteopathic
In the UK, a dermatologist is a medically qualified practitioner who has gone on to specialise in medicine and then sub-specialise in dermatology. This involves:
-One year of house jobs (Foundation year 1) before becoming fully registered as a medical practitioner
-Two to three years training in general medicine (Foundation years 2 and 3 or more) to obtain a higher degree in medicine and become a member of the Royal College of Physicians
-Having obtained the MRCP examination, applying to become a Specialty
Registrar (StR) in
-Passing the Specialty Certificate Examination (SCE) in Dermatology before the end of training
-Upon successful completion of the four-year training period, the doctor becomes an accredited dermatologist and is able to apply for a consultant hospital post as a consultant dermatologist.
A Cosmetic dermatology unit in SM City North Edsa , Philippines
Dermatologists have been leaders in the field of cosmetic surgery. Some dermatologists complete fellowships in surgical dermatology. Many are trained in their residency on the use of botulinum toxin , fillers, and laser surgery. Some dermatologists perform cosmetic procedures including liposuction , blepharoplasty , and face lifts . Most dermatologists limit their cosmetic practice to minimally invasive procedures. Despite an absence of formal guidelines from the American Board of Dermatology , many cosmetic fellowships are offered in both surgery and laser medicine.
A dermatolopathologist is a pathologist or dermatologist who specializes in the pathology of the skin. This field is shared by dermatologists and pathologists. Usually a dermatologist or pathologist will complete one year of dermatopathology fellowship. This usually includes six months of general pathology, and six months of dermatopathology. Alumni of both specialties can qualify as dermatopathologists. At the completion of a standard residency in dermatology, many dermatologists are also competent at dermatopathology. Some dermatopathologists qualify to sit for their examinations by completing a residency in dermatology and one in pathology.
This field specializes in the treatment of immune-mediated skin diseases such as lupus , bullous pemphigoid , pemphigus vulgaris , and other immune-mediated skin disorders. Specialists in this field often run their own immunopathology labs.
Main article: Mohs surgery
The dermatologic subspecialty called
Mohs surgery focuses on the
excision of skin cancers using a tissue-sparing technique that allows
intraoperative assessment of 100% of the peripheral and deep tumor
margins developed in the 1930s by Dr.
Frederic E. Mohs . The procedure
is defined as a type of
This technique requires the integration of the same doctor in two different capacities: surgeon as well as pathologist. In case either of the two responsibilities is assigned to another doctor or qualified health care professional, it will not be considered to be Mohs surgery.
Physicians can qualify for this specialization by completing both a pediatric residency and a dermatology residency. Or they might elect to complete a post-residency fellowship. This field encompasses the complex diseases of the neonates , hereditary skin diseases or genodermatoses , and the many difficulties of working with the pediatric population.
Main article: Teledermatology
Teledermatology is a form of dermatology where telecommunication technologies are used to exchange medical information via all kinds of media (audio, visual and also data communication, but typically photos of dermatologic conditions) usually made by non-dermatologists for evaluation off-site by dermatologists). This subspecialty deals with options to view skin conditions over a large distance to provide knowledge exchange , to establish second-opinion services for experts or to use this for follow-up of individuals with chronic skin conditions. Teledermatology can reduce wait times by allowing dermatologists to treat minor conditions online while serious conditions requiring immediate care are given priority for appointments.
Dermatoepidemiology is the study of skin disease at the population level. One aspect of dermatoepidemiology is the determination of the global burden of skin diseases From 1990 to 2013, skin disease has constituted approximately 2% of total global disease disability as measured in disability adjusted life years (DALYS).
Facial cleansing pores in Meditec at ITESM CCM(2012)
Therapies provided by dermatologists include, but are not restricted to the following:
* Cosmetic filler injections
Hair removal with laser or other modalities
Hair transplantation – a cosmetic procedure practiced by many
* Intralesional treatment – with steroid or chemotherapy .
Most dermatologic pharmacology can be categorized based on the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System , specifically the ATC code D .
* American Academy of Dermatology * American Board of Dermatology * American Osteopathic Board of Dermatology * British Association of Dermatologists * Cutaneous condition * History of dermatology * List of cutaneous conditions * List of dermatologists
* ^ Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. Random House,
Inc. 2001. Page 537. ISBN 0-375-72026-X .
* ^ A B C http://www.aad.org/public/specialty/what.html
* ^ http://www.aocd.org/?page=DermProcedures
* ^ "What is a dermatologist; what is dermatology. DermNet NZ".
Dermnetnz.org. 2009-06-15. Retrieved 2012-10-28.
* ^ "What is a Dermatologist". Dermcoll.asn.au. Retrieved
* ^ Chua, Shunjie. "
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