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Corethrellidae
Corethrella Freeman, 1962 Lutzomiops Wikispecies
Wikispecies
has information related to: CORETHRELLIDAE The CORETHRELLIDAE are a family of parasitic midges , small flying insects belonging to the order Diptera
Diptera
, that are commonly known to parasitize frogs . The members of the family are sometimes known as "frog-biting midges". The family currently consists of just two genera , totalling around 97 species worldwide. Several fossil species are known. Most extant species are found in the lower latitudes, usually associated around the tropics . They are tiny flies with a wing length of 0.6-2.5 mm. The wing venation is similar to Culicidae
Culicidae
(R 4 branched, M 2 branched,Cu 2 branched) with branches of Rs and M nearly parallel. R1 is, however, closer to Sc or almost midway between Sc and R2.They were until 1986 placed as a subfamily of Culicidae
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Hyla Cinerea
Calamita cinerea Schneider , 1799 Hyla viridis Holbrook , 1842 Hyla cinerea Garman , 1892 Hyla carolinensis Cope , 1889 The AMERICAN GREEN TREE FROG (Hyla cinerea) is a common species of New World tree frog belonging to the genus Hyla . A common backyard species, it is popular as a pet , and is the state amphibian of Georgia and Louisiana . CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 Distribution and habitat * 3 Behavior * 3.1 Breeding * 3.2 Feeding * 4 As pets * 5 References * 6 External links DESCRIPTIONThe frog is green, medium-sized, and up to 6 cm (2.5 in) long. Their bodies are usually green in shades ranging from bright yellowish-olive to lime green. The color can change depending on lighting or temperature. Small patches of gold or white may occur on the skin, and they may also have a white, pale yellow, or cream-colored lines running from their jaws or upper lips to their groins. They have smooth skin and large toe pads
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Hyla Avivoca
The BIRD-VOICED TREE FROG (Hyla avivoca) is a species of frog in the Hylidae family, endemic to the United States. Its natural habitats are temperate forests, shrub-dominated wetlands , and swamps . CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 Distribution and habitat * 3 Behavior * 4 Status * 5 References DESCRIPTIONThe bird-voiced tree frog is a small species growing to about 5 cm (2.0 in) long. It is usually a dappled, pale grey or brown on its dorsal surface, but its color changes with the temperature and its level of activity, and may be more or less pale green. It often has a dark brown cross-shaped mark on its back and further dark areas on its limbs. Its belly is grey with flashes of yellow on the underside of its hind legs. The male has a dark throat. This frog is very similar to the larger gray tree frog (Hyla versicolor), but that species has an orange flash on its hind legs. Both have a whitish square region just underneath the eyes
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Hyla Gratiosa
HYLA GRATIOSA (BARKING TREE FROG) is a species of tree frog endemic to the southeastern United States
United States
. CONTENTS * 1 Geographic range * 2 Description * 3 Behavior * 4 References * 5 External links GEOGRAPHIC RANGEIt is found from Delaware
Delaware
to southern Florida
Florida
and eastern Louisiana
Louisiana
, usually in coastal areas. DESCRIPTION Hyla gratiosa is the largest native tree frog in the United States. It is 5 to 7 cm (2.0 to 2.8 in) in head-body length. It is variable in color, but easily recognizable due to the characteristic dark, round markings on its dorsum . Individuals may be bright or dull green, brown, yellowish, or gray in color. It has prominent, round toe pads, and the male has a large vocal sac
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Vector (epidemiology)
In epidemiology , a DISEASE VECTOR is any agent that carries and transmits an infectious pathogen into another living organism; most agents regarded as vectors are organisms, such as intermediate parasites or microbes , but it could be an inanimate medium of infection such as dust particles. CONTENTS * 1 Arthropods * 2 Plants and fungi * 3 World Health Organization
World Health Organization
and vector-borne disease * 4 Vector-borne zoonotic disease and human activity * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 References * 8 Bibliography * 9 External links ARTHROPODS The deer tick , a vector for Lyme disease pathogens. Arthropods form a major group of pathogen vectors with mosquitoes, flies, sand flies, lice, fleas, ticks, and mites transmitting a huge number of pathogens. Many such vectors are haematophagous , which feed on blood at some or all stages of their lives
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Trypanosoma
TRYPANOSOMA is a genus of kinetoplastids (class Kinetoplastida), a monophyletic group of unicellular parasitic flagellate protozoa . The name is derived from the Greek trypano- (borer) and soma (body) because of their corkscrew-like motion. Most trypanosomes are heteroxenous (requiring more than one obligatory host to complete life cycle) and most are transmitted via a vector . The majority of species are transmitted by blood-feeding invertebrates , but there are different mechanisms among the varying species. Some, such as Trypanosoma equiperdum , are spread by direct contact. In an invertebrate host they are generally found in the intestine , but normally occupy the bloodstream or an intracellular environment in the mammalian host
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Hyla
See text. The genus HYLA is a member of the family of tree frogs (Hylidae ). They have a very broad distribution; species can be found in Europe , Asia , Africa , and across the Americas . There were more than 300 described species in this genus, but after a major revision of the Hylidae family most of these have been moved to new genera so the genus now only contains 33 species". The genus was established by Josephus Nicolaus Laurenti in 1768. It was named after Hylas in Greek mythology , the companion of Hercules . The name is unusual in that – though Laurenti knew that Hylas was male – the name is unambiguously treated in the feminine grammatical gender for reasons unknown. The etymology of the name is also often incorrectly given as being derived from the Greek word ὕλη (hūlē, "forest" or "wood")
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Johnston's Organ
JOHNSTON\'S ORGAN is a collection of sensory cells found in the pedicel (the second segment) of the antennae in the Class Insecta . Johnston's organ detects motion in the flagellum (third and typically final antennal segment). It consists of scolopidia arrayed in a bowl shape, each of which contains a mechanosensory chordotonal neuron. The number of scolopidia varies between species. In homopterans , the Johnston’s organs contain 25 - 79 scolopidia. The presence of Johnston's organ is a defining characteristic which separates the Class Insecta from the other hexapods belonging to the group Entognatha . Johnston's organ was named after the physician Christopher Johnston, father of the physician and Assyriologist Christopher Johnston
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Genus
A GENUS (/ˈdʒiːnəs/ , pl. GENERA /ˈdʒɛnərə/ ) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms in biology . In the hierarchy of biological classification, genus comes above species and below family . In binomial nomenclature , the genus name forms the first part of the binomial species name for each species within the genus. E.g. Felis catus
Felis catus
and Felis
Felis
silvestris are two species within the genus Felis
Felis
. Felis
Felis
is a genus within the family Felidae . The composition of a genus is determined by a taxonomist . The standards for genus classification are not strictly codified, so different authorities often produce different classifications for genera
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Extant Taxon
NEONTOLOGY is a part of biology that, in contrast to paleontology , deals with living or recently extinct organisms . It is the study of living species , genera , families and other taxa with members still alive, as opposed to being all dead or extinct . For example, the moose is an extant species, while the Tyrannosaurus
Tyrannosaurus
is a long extinct one. In the group of molluscs known as the cephalopods , as of 1987 , there were approximately 600 extant species and 7,500 extinct species. A taxon can be classified as extinct if it is broadly agreed or certified that no members of the group are still alive. Conversely, an extinct taxon can be reclassified as existing if there are new discoveries of living species ("Lazarus species" ), or if previously-known existing species are reclassified as members of the taxon. The term neontologist is used largely by paleontologists referring to nonpaleontologists
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Tropics
The TROPICS are a region of the Earth
Earth
surrounding the Equator
Equator
. They are delimited in latitude by the Tropic of Cancer in the Northern Hemisphere at 23°26′13.0″ (or 23.43694°) N and the Tropic of Capricorn in the Southern Hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere
at 23°26′13.0″ (or 23.43694°) S; these latitudes correspond to the axial tilt of the Earth. The tropics are also referred to as the TROPICAL ZONE and the TORRID ZONE (see geographical zone ). The tropics include all the areas on the Earth
Earth
where the Sun
Sun
contacts the zenith , a point directly overhead, at least once during the solar year (which is a subsolar point ). The tropics are distinguished from the other climatic and biomatic regions of Earth, which are the middle latitudes and the polar regions on either side of the equatorial zone
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Morphology Of Diptera
The Order Diptera is characterized by a substantial morphological uniformity, which often makes it difficult to recognize lower taxa , especially at the level of species or genus . CONTENTS* 1 Adult * 1.1 Head * 1.2 Thorax * 1.2.1 Taxonomically important bristles on the thorax * 1.3 The wings * 1.3.1 Taxonomically important wing venation terms * 1.4 Abdomen * 2 Larva * 3 Pupa * 4 References and further Reading * 5 External links ADULT Schematic of Muscoid Diptera anatomy.I: head ; II: thorax ; III: abdomen
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Trypanosomiasis
TRYPANOSOMIASIS or TRYPANOSOMOSIS is the name of several diseases in vertebrates caused by parasitic protozoan trypanosomes of the genus Trypanosoma . In humans this includes African trypanosomiasis and Chagas disease
Chagas disease
. A number of other diseases occur in other animals. Approximately 30,000 people in 36 countries of sub-Saharan Africa have African trypanosomiasis, which is caused by either Trypanosoma brucei gambiense or Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense. Chagas disease causes 21,000 deaths per year mainly in Latin America
Latin America

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Burma
MYANMAR (Burmese pronunciation: ), officially the REPUBLIC OF THE UNION OF MYANMAR, also known as BURMA, is a sovereign state in the region of Southeast Asia . Myanmar is bordered by India and Bangladesh to its west, Thailand and Laos to its east, and China to its north and northeast. To its south, about one third of Myanmar's total perimeter of 5,876 km (3,651 miles) forms an uninterrupted coastline of 1,930 km (1,200 mi) along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea . The country's 2014 census counted a much lower population than expected, with 51 million people recorded. Myanmar is 676,578 square kilometres (261,227 sq mi) in size. Its capital city is Naypyidaw and its largest city and former capital city is Yangon (Rangoon)
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Integrated Taxonomic Information System
The INTEGRATED TAXONOMIC INFORMATION SYSTEM (ITIS) is an American partnership of federal agencies designed to provide consistent and reliable information on the taxonomy of biological species . ITIS was originally formed in 1996 as an interagency group within the U.S. federal government, involving several US Federal agencies, and has now become an international body, with Canadian and Mexican government agencies participating. The database draws from a large community of taxonomic experts. Primary content staff are housed at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History and IT services are provided by a US Geological Survey facility in Denver. The primary focus of ITIS is North American species, but many groups are worldwide and ITIS continues to collaborate with other international agencies to increase its global coverage
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Pterygota
For alternative classifications and fossil orders, see text. The PTERYGOTA are a subclass of insects that includes the winged insects. It also includes insect orders that are secondarily wingless (that is, insect groups whose ancestors once had wings but that have lost them as a result of subsequent evolution). The pterygotan group comprises almost all insects. The insect orders not included are the Archaeognatha (jumping bristletails) and the Zygentoma (silverfishes and firebrats ), two primitively wingless insect orders. Also not included are the three orders no longer considered to be insects: Protura , Collembola
Collembola
, and Diplura
Diplura

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