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Confederation
A CONFEDERATION (also known as a CONFEDERACY or LEAGUE) is a union of sovereign states, united for purposes of common action often in relation to other states. Usually created by a treaty , confederations of states tend to be established for dealing with critical issues, such as defense, foreign relations, internal trade or currency, with the general government being required to provide support for all its members. Confederalism represents a main form of inter-governmentalism, this being defined as ‘any form of interaction between states which takes place on the basis of sovereign independence or government. The nature of the relationship among the member states constituting a confederation varies considerably. Likewise, the relationship between the member states and the general government, and the distribution of powers among them is highly variable. Some looser confederations are similar to international organisations
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Demarchy
In governance , SORTITION (also known as ALLOTMENT or DEMARCHY) selects political officials as a random sample from a larger pool of candidates. The logic behind the sortition process originates from the idea that “power corrupts.” For that reason, when the time came to choose individuals to be assigned to empowering positions, the ancient Athenians resorted to choosing by lot. In ancient Athenian democracy , SORTITION was therefore the traditional and primary method for appointing political officials, and its use was regarded as a principal characteristic of true democracy . Today, sortition is commonly used to select prospective jurors in common law -based legal systems and is sometimes used in forming citizen groups with political advisory power (citizens\' juries or citizens\' assemblies )
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Liberal Democracy
LIBERAL DEMOCRACY is a liberal political ideology and a form of government in which representative democracy operates under the principles of classical liberalism . It is also called western democracy . It is characterized by fair, free, and competitive elections between multiple distinct political parties , a separation of powers into different branches of government , the rule of law in everyday life as part of an open society , and the equal protection of human rights , civil rights , civil liberties , and political freedoms for all people. To define the system in practice, liberal democracies often draw upon a constitution , either formally written or uncodified , to delineate the powers of government and enshrine the social contract . After a period of sustained expansion throughout the 20th century, liberal democracy became the predominant political system in the world
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French And Raven's Bases Of Power
In a notable study of power conducted by social psychologists John R. P. French and Bertram Raven in 1959, power is divided into five separate and distinct forms. In 1965 Raven revised this model to include a sixth form by separating the informational power base as distinct from the expert power base. Relating to social communication studies, power in social influence settings has introduced a large realm of research pertaining to persuasion tactics and leadership practices. Through social communication studies, it has been theorized that leadership and power are closely linked. It has been further presumed that different forms of power affect one's leadership and success. This idea is used often in organizational communication and throughout the workforce. In a notable study of power conducted by social psychologists John R. P. French and Bertram Raven in 1959, power is divided into five separate and distinct forms
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Republicanism
REPUBLICANISM is an ideology of being a citizen in a state as a republic under which the people hold popular sovereignty . Many countries are "republics" in the sense that they are not monarchies . This article covers only the ideology of republicanism. The word "republic" derives from the Latin res publica which referred to the system of government that emerged in the 6th century BC following the expulsion of the kings from Rome by Lucius Junius Brutus and Collatinus . This form of government collapsed in the latter part of the 1st century BCE, giving way to what was a monarchy in form, if not in name. Republics revived subsequently, with, for example, Renaissance Florence
Florence
or early modern Britain . The concept of a republic became a powerful force in Britain's North American colonies where it led to the American Revolution
American Revolution

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Chiefdom
A CHIEFDOM is a form of hierarchical political organization in non-industrial societies usually based on kinship , and in which formal leadership is monopolized by the legitimate senior members of select families or 'houses'. These elites form a political-ideological aristocracy relative to the general group. CONTENTS* 1 Overview * 1.1 Chiefdoms in Archaeological Theory * 1.2 Simple * 1.3 Complex * 2 Chiefdoms on the Indian subcontinent * 3 Native Chieftain System in southern China * 4 Alternatives to chiefdoms * 5 See also * 6 Bibliography * 7 References * 8 External links OVERVIEWIn anthropological theory , one model of human social development rooted in ideas of cultural evolution describes a chiefdom as a form of social organization more complex than a tribe or a band society , and less complex than a state or a civilization
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Meritocracy
MERITOCRACY (merit, from Latin
Latin
mereō, and -cracy, from Ancient Greek κράτος kratos "strength, power") is a political philosophy holding that power should be vested in individuals almost exclusively based on ability and talent. Advancement in such a system is based on performance measured through examination and/or demonstrated achievement in the field where it is implemented
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Confederate States Of America
The CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the CONFEDERACY, was a self-proclaimed nation of 11 secessionist slave-holding states of the United States, existing from 1861 to 1865. The Confederacy was originally formed by seven states – South Carolina , Mississippi
Mississippi
, Florida
Florida
, Alabama
Alabama
, Georgia , Louisiana
Louisiana
, and Texas
Texas
– in the Lower South region of the United States
United States
whose regional economy was mostly dependent upon agriculture, particularly cotton , and a plantation system that relied upon the labor of African-American
African-American
slaves
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Parliamentary Republic
A PARLIAMENTARY REPUBLIC is a republic that operates under a parliamentary system of government where the executive branch (the government) derives its legitimacy from and is accountable to the legislature (the parliament). There are a number of variations of parliamentary republics. Most have a clear differentiation between the head of government and the head of state , with the head of government holding real power, much like constitutional monarchies
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Ergatocracy
ERGATOCRACY (from the Greek word ἐργάτης, ergates, "worker" and the suffix -cracy, "government") is a type of government dominated by the labour and solidarities similar to communist beliefs. It refers to a society ruled by the working class. The term was coined by Eden and Cedar Paul in their book Creative Revolution: A Study of Communist Ergatocracy. REFERENCES * ^ Paul, Cedar; Paul, Eden (1920). Creative revolution:. new York: Thomas Seltzer. Retrieved 30 May 2015. * ^ https://bogdanovlibrary.files.wordpress.com/2016/08/2016-08-14-biggart-bogdanov-kultintern.pdf"ergatocracy." Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon. Dictionary.com, LLC. 21 Jan. 2015. . This government-related article is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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Netocracy
NETOCRACY was a term invented by the editorial board of the American technology magazine Wired in the early 1990s. A portmanteau of Internet
Internet
and aristocracy , netocracy refers to a perceived global upper-class that bases its power on a technological advantage and networking skills, in comparison to what is portrayed as a bourgeoisie of a gradually diminishing importance. The concept was later picked up and redefined by the Swedish philosophers Alexander Bard and Jan Söderqvist for their book Netocracy — The New Power Elite and Life After Capitalism (originally published in Swedish in 2000 as Nätokraterna - boken om det elektroniska klassamhället, published in English by Reuters/Pearsall UK in 2002). The netocracy concept has been compared with Richard Florida
Richard Florida
's concept of the creative class
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Noocracy
NOOCRACY (/noʊˈɒkrəsi/ or /ˈnoʊ.əkrəsi/ ), or "aristocracy of the wise", as defined by Plato
Plato
, is a social and political system that is "based on the priority of human mind", according to Vladimir Vernadsky . It was also further developed in the writings of Pierre Teilhard de Chardin . CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Development * 3 Publications * 4 Criticisms * 5 See also * 6 References ETYMOLOGYThe word itself is derived from Greek NOUS , Gen. NOOS (νους) meaning "mind " or "intellect ", and "kratos" (κράτος), "authority " or "power ". DEVELOPMENTOne of the first attempts to implement such a political system was perhaps Pythagoras
Pythagoras
' "city of the wise" that he planned to build in Italy together with his followers, the order of "mathematikoi ". In modern history, similar concepts were introduced by Vladimir Vernadsky , who did not use this term, but the term "noosphere "
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Autocracy
An AUTOCRACY is a system of government in which supreme power is concentrated in the hands of one person, whose decisions are subject to neither external legal restraints nor regularized mechanisms of popular control (except perhaps for the implicit threat of a coup d\'état or mass insurrection ). Absolute monarchy
Absolute monarchy
(such as Saudi Arabia) and dictatorship are the main historical forms of autocracy. In earlier times, the term "autocrat" was coined as a favorable feature of the ruler, having some connection to the concept of "lack of conflicts of interests" as well as an indication of grandeur and power, the Tsar
Tsar
for example was styled, "Autocrat of all the Russias", as late as the early 20th century
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Particracy
PARTICRACY (also 'partitocracy', 'partocracy', or 'partitocrazia') is a de facto form of government where one or more political parties dominate the political process, rather than citizens and/or individual politicians . As argued by Italian political scientist Mauro Calise in 1994, the term is often derogatory, implying that parties have too much power—in a similar vein, in premodern times it was often argued that democracy was merely rule by the demos, or a poorly educated and easily misled mob. Efforts to turn "particracy" into a more precise scholarly concept so far merely appear partly successful
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Kritarchy
KRITARCHY is a system of rule by judges (Hebrew : שופטים‎, shoftim) in the tribal confederacy of ancient Israel during the period of time described in the Book of Judges
Book of Judges
, following Joshua
Joshua
's conquest of Canaan
Canaan
and prior to the united monarchy under Saul
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Geniocracy
Raëlian Movement Founder • History Beliefs "> VIEWS ON: Politics Economics Cosmology This box: * view * talk * edit GENIOCRACY is the framework for a system of government which was first proposed by Raël (leader of the International Raëlian Movement ) in 1977 and which advocates problem-solving, creative intelligence and compassion as criteria for governance . CONTENTS* 1 Definition * 1.1 Justifying the method of selection * 2 Agenda * 2.1 Response to criticism * 2.2 Status * 2.3 Democratically defined regions * 3 See also * 4 References * 4.1 Inline * 4.2 General * 5 Further reading * 6 External links DEFINITION See also: Intelligence
Intelligence
and Genius
Genius
The term geniocracy comes from the word genius , and describes a system that is designed to select for intelligence and compassion as the primary factors for governance
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