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Chinese Name
Chinese personal names are names used by those from mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, and the Chinese diaspora
Chinese diaspora
overseas. Due to China's historical dominance of East Asian culture, many names used in Korea and Vietnam are adaptations of Chinese names, or have historical roots in Chinese, with appropriate adaptation to accommodate linguistic differences. Modern Chinese names consist of a surname known as xing (姓, xìng), which comes first and is usually but not always monosyllabic, followed by a personal name called ming (名, míng), which is nearly always mono- or disyllabic
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Chinese Language
Legend:   Countries identified Chinese as a primary, administrative, or native language   Countries with more than 5,000,000 Chinese speakers   Countries with more than 1,000,000 Chinese speakers   Countries with more than 500,000 Chinese speakers   Countries with more than 100,000 Chinese speakers   Major Chinese-speaking settlementsThis article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode
Unicode
characters
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Chinese Compound Surname
A Chinese compound surname is a Chinese surname
Chinese surname
using more than one character. Many of these surnames derive from noble and official titles, professions, place names and other areas, to serve for a purpose. Some are originally non-Han, while others were created by joining two one-character family names. Only a few of these names (e.g. Ouyang
Ouyang
[歐陽/欧阳], Shangguan [上官], Sima [司馬/司马], Situ [司徒]) survive in modern times with Ouyang (歐陽/欧阳) appearing most frequently. Many clans eventually took on a single-character surname for various reasons. Chinese surnames with more than two characters are not of Han origin (e.g
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Muhammad
Muhammad[n 1] (Arabic: محمد‎; pronounced [muħammad];[n 2] French: Mahomet /məˈhɒmɪt/; Latinized as Mahometus c. 570 CE – 8 June 632 CE)[1] was the founder of Islam.[2][3] According to Islamic doctrine, he was a prophet and God's messenger, sent to present and confirm the monotheistic teachings preached previously by Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets.[3][4][5][6] He is viewed as the final prophet of God
God
in all the main branches of Islam, though some modern denominations diverge from this belief.[n 3]
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Mahan Confederacy
Mahan (Korean pronunciation: [ma.ɦan]) was a loose confederacy of statelets that existed from around the 1st century BC to 5th century AD in the southern Korean peninsula
Korean peninsula
in the Chungcheong
Chungcheong
and Jeolla
Jeolla
provinces.[1] Arising out of the confluence of Gojoseon migration and the Jin state federation, Mahan was one of the Samhan ("Three Hans"), along with Byeonhan and Jinhan. Baekje
Baekje
began as a member statelet, but later overtook all of Mahan and became one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.[1]Contents1 History 2 Politics 3 Legacy 4 Monarchs of Mahan confederacy 5 Statelets 6 See also 7 ReferencesHistory[edit] Mahan probably developed from the existing bronze society of third to second centuries BC, continuing to absorb migration from the north in subsequent centuries
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Mafu
Zhao She (趙奢) was a Chinese bureaucrat and general in the third century BC. Zhao She was one of the sons of Zhao He (趙何), King Huiwen (惠文王) of the State of Zhao. He was employed as a land tax collector. Although he was not holding a high or powerful position, Zhao She carried out his duties according to the law. At this time there was a very powerful aristocrat by the name of Zhao Sheng (趙勝), who refused to pay any land tax. In order to avoid punishing Zhao Sheng personally, Zhao She arrested the nine administrators who kept accounts for Zhao Sheng's family. Zhao Sheng became very angry and wanted to kill Zhao She. However, Zhao She scolded Zhao Sheng for not upholding the law of the State. Zhao She also reminded Zhao Sheng that as an aristocrat he should be an example in abiding by the law and not infringing on it lest the State would perish
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Zhao She
Zhao She (趙奢) was a Chinese bureaucrat and general in the third century BC. Zhao She was one of the sons of Zhao He (趙何), King Huiwen (惠文王) of the State of Zhao. He was employed as a land tax collector. Although he was not holding a high or powerful position, Zhao She carried out his duties according to the law. At this time there was a very powerful aristocrat by the name of Zhao Sheng (趙勝), who refused to pay any land tax. In order to avoid punishing Zhao Sheng personally, Zhao She arrested the nine administrators who kept accounts for Zhao Sheng's family. Zhao Sheng became very angry and wanted to kill Zhao She. However, Zhao She scolded Zhao Sheng for not upholding the law of the State. Zhao She also reminded Zhao Sheng that as an aristocrat he should be an example in abiding by the law and not infringing on it lest the State would perish
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Ma (surname)
Ma (simplified Chinese: 马; traditional Chinese: 馬; pinyin: Mǎ) is a Chinese family name. The surname literally means "horse". It is one of the most common family names in China. As of 2006, it ranks as the 14th most common Chinese surname in Mainland China
Mainland China
and the most common surname within the Chinese community, specifically the Hui people, Dongxiang people, and Salar people.[1] The offspring of Zhao She adopted "Ma" (馬), the first word of the district Ma Fu, as their surname. Other romanizations include Mah, Beh and Mar. Hui Muslims, Salars, Bonan and Dongxiang people
Dongxiang people
commonly adopted Ma as the translation for their surname Muhammad. for e.g
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Maiden Name
When a person (traditionally the wife in many cultures) assumes the family name of his or her spouse, that name replaces the person's birth surname, which in the case of the wife is called the maiden name (birth name is also used as a gender-neutral or masculine substitute for maiden name), whereas a married name is a family name or surname adopted by a person upon marriage. In some jurisdictions, changing one's name requires a legal procedure. Nevertheless, in some jurisdictions anyone who either marries or divorces may change his or her name
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Yao (surname)
Yao (Chinese: 姚; pinyin: Yáo), also romanized as Yiu in Cantonese, is one of the most ancient Chinese surnames. It is ranked 101st in the Hundred Family Surnames, and as the 51st most common surname in Mainland China.[2] Alternate spellings[edit]Mandarin: Yao Cantonese: Yiu Min Nan
Min Nan
( Hokkien
Hokkien
(Fujian)/Teochew): Iao, Iau, Yeo Vietnamese: Diêu Korean: Yo Japanese: Yō Singapore: Yow, YeoProminent people[edit]YaoEmperor Shun, a legendary leader of ancient China whose ancestral name is Yao, one of the Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors
Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors
in ancient China. Yao Chang, founding emperor of the Later Qin Dynasty. Andrew Chi-Chih Yao, a Chinese computer scientist and A.M
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Radical (Chinese Character)
A Chinese radical (Chinese: 部首; pinyin: bùshǒu; literally: "section header") is a graphical component of a Chinese character under which the character is traditionally listed in a Chinese dictionary. This component is often a semantic indicator (that is, an indicator of the meaning of the character), though in some cases the original semantic connection has become obscure, owing to changes in character meaning over time
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Prehistoric China
The earliest known written records of the history of China
China
date from as early as 1250 BC,[1][2] from the Shang dynasty
Shang dynasty
(c. 1600–1046 BC).[3] Ancient historical texts such as the Records of the Grand Historian (c. 100 BC) and the Bamboo Annals (296 BC) describe a Xia dynasty (c. 2070–1600 BC) before the Shang, but no writing is known from the period, and Shang
Shang
writings do not indicate the existence of the Xia.[3][4] The Shang
Shang
ruled in the Yellow River
Yellow River
valley, which is commonly held to be the cradle of Chinese civilization. However, Neolithic
Neolithic
civilizations originated at various cultural centers along both the Yellow River
Yellow River
and Yangtze
Yangtze
River
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Li (李)
Li (Chinese: 李; pinyin: Lǐ) is the second most common surname in China, behind only Wang.[1][2] It is one of the most common surnames in the world, shared by 92.76 million people in China,[1] and more than 100 million worldwide.[3] It is the fourth name listed in the Song dynasty
Song dynasty
classic text Hundred Family Surnames.[4] The name is pronounced as "Lei" in Cantonese, but is often spelled as Lee in Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan
Taiwan
and many other overseas Chinese communities. In Macau, it is also spelled as Lei
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Wang (surname)
Wang (/wɑːŋ/) is the pinyin romanization of the Chinese surnames 王 (Wáng) and 汪 (Wāng). Wáng (王) was listed 8th on the famous Song Dynasty
Song Dynasty
list of the Hundred Family Surnames; it is the most common surname in mainland China.[2] Wāng (汪) was 104th of the Hundred Family Surnames; it is the 58th-most-common surname in mainland China.Contents1 Romanizations 2 Distribution 3 Origins of Wáng3.1 Zi house 3.2 House of Ji 3.3 House of Gui4 Origins of Wāng4.1 Chinese Muslims5 The surname in other countries/ethnic groups<
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Spring And Autumn Period
The Spring and Autumn period
Spring and Autumn period
(simplified Chinese: 春秋时代; traditional Chinese: 春秋時代; pinyin: Chūnqiū Shídài) was a period in Chinese history from approximately 771 to 476 BC (or according to some authorities until 403 BC[a])[2] which corresponds roughly to the first half of the Eastern Zhou
Eastern Zhou
Period. The period's name derives from the Spring and Autumn Annals, a chronicle of the state of Lu between 722 and 479 BC, which tradition associates with Confucius. During this period, the Zhou royal authority over the various feudal states started to decline, as more and more dukes and marquesses obtained de facto regional autonomy, defying the king's court in Luoyi, and waging wars amongst themselves
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Zhou Dynasty
The Zhou dynasty
Zhou dynasty
or the Zhou Kingdom (/dʒoʊ/;[4] Chinese: 周朝; pinyin: Zhōu cháo [ʈʂóu ʈʂʰǎu]) was a Chinese dynasty that followed the Shang dynasty
Shang dynasty
and preceded the Qin dynasty. The Zhou dynasty lasted longer than any other dynasty in Chinese history
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