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ChemSpider
CHEMSPIDER is a database of chemicals . ChemSpider is owned by the Royal Society of Chemistry . CONTENTS * 1 Database * 2 Crowdsourcing * 3 Searching * 4 Chemistry document mark-up * 5 History * 6 Services * 6.1 SyntheticPages * 6.2 Open PHACTS * 7 See also * 8 References DATABASEThe database contains information on more than 50 million molecules from over 500 data sources including: * EPA DSSTox * U.S
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Research Center
A RESEARCH CENTER is a facility or building dedicated to research , commonly with the focus on a specific area. There are over 14,000 research centers in the United States. Centers apply varied disciplines including basic research and applied research in addition to non traditional techniques. However, a research center should not be confused with a research institute . Additionally, today many universities are establishing research centers to conduct a specific research or education activity. Over a hundred of research centers can be established in one university. This number certainly differs from a university to a university, but most of the research centers there do bring something to the scientific table. NOTABLE RESEARCH CENTERS * Ames Research Center * Bell Labs * Center for Advanced Life Cycle Engineering * Marine Sciences Research Center * Palo Alto Research Center * Thomas J
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Raleigh, North Carolina
RALEIGH (/ˈrɑːli/ ; RAH-lee ) is the capital of the state of North Carolina and the seat of Wake County in the United States. Raleigh is the second largest city in the state of North Carolina behind Charlotte . Raleigh is known as the " City
City
of Oaks" for its many oak trees , which line the streets in the heart of the city. The city covers a land area of 142.8 square miles (370 km2). The U.S. Census Bureau estimated the city's population as 451,066 as of July 1, 2015. It is one of the fastest-growing cities in the country. The city of Raleigh is named after Sir Walter Raleigh , who established the lost Roanoke Colony in present-day Dare County . Raleigh is home to North Carolina State University and is part of the Research Triangle area, together with Durham (home of Duke University ) and Chapel Hill (home of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill )
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Laboratory
A LABORATORY (CommE /ləˈbɒrətri/ or /ləˈbɒrətəri/ , AmE /ˈlæbərətɔːri/ ; informally, LAB) is a facility that provides controlled conditions in which scientific or technological research, experiments , and measurement may be performed. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 History * 3 Techniques * 4 Equipment and supplies * 5 Specialized types * 6 Safety * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links OVERVIEWLaboratories used for scientific research take many forms because of the differing requirements of specialists in the various fields of science and engineering. A physics laboratory might contain a particle accelerator or vacuum chamber , while a metallurgy laboratory could have apparatus for casting or refining metals or for testing their strength . A chemist or biologist might use a wet laboratory , while a psychologist\'s laboratory might be a room with one-way mirrors and hidden cameras in which to observe behavior
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Antony John Williams
ANTONY JOHN WILLIAMS is a British chemist and expert in the fields of both nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and cheminformatics at the United States Environmental Protection Agency . He is the founder of the ChemSpider website that was purchased by the Royal Society of Chemistry
Chemistry
in May 2009. He is a science blogger, one of the hosts of the SciMobileApps wiki, a community-based wiki for Scientific Mobile Apps and an author. CONTENTS * 1 Early life and education * 2 Career * 3 Open science advocacy * 4 Science Mobile Applications * 5 Awards and honors * 6 References * 7 External links EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATIONAntony Williams was born in St Asaph , Wales
Wales
, June 1964 to Ernest Edward Williams, owner of a building contracting firm, and Eirlys Elizabeth Williams. He has one older sister, Rae
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Royal Society Of Chemistry
The ROYAL SOCIETY OF CHEMISTRY (RSC) is a learned society (professional association ) in the United Kingdom with the goal of "advancing the chemical sciences". It was formed in 1980 from the amalgamation of the Chemical Society , the Royal Institute of Chemistry , the Faraday Society , and the Society for Analytical Chemistry with a new Royal Charter and the dual role of learned society and professional body. At its inception, the Society had a combined membership of 34,000 in the UK and a further 8,000 abroad. The headquarters of the Society are at Burlington House , Piccadilly , London . It also has offices in Thomas Graham House in Cambridge (named after Thomas Graham , the first president of the Chemical Society ) where _RSC Publishing_ is based
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Computer Software
COMPUTER SOFTWARE, or simply SOFTWARE, is a part of a computer system that consists of data or computer instructions, in contrast to the physical hardware from which the system is built. In computer science and software engineering , computer software is all information processed by computer systems , programs and data. Computer software includes computer programs , libraries and related non-executable data , such as online documentation or digital media . Computer hardware and software require each other and neither can be realistically used on its own. At the lowest level, executable code consists of machine language instructions specific to an individual processor —typically a central processing unit (CPU). A machine language consists of groups of binary values signifying processor instructions that change the state of the computer from its preceding state
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Software License
A SOFTWARE LICENSE is a legal instrument (usually by way of contract law , with or without printed material) governing the use or redistribution of software. Under United States copyright law all software is copyright protected, in source code as also object code form. The only exception is software in the public domain . A typical software license grants the licensee , typically an end-user , permission to use one or more copies of software in ways where such a use would otherwise potentially constitute copyright infringement of the software owner's exclusive rights under copyright law. CONTENTS* 1 Software
Software
licenses and copyright law * 1.1 Ownership vs. licensing * 2 Proprietary software licenses * 3 Free and open-source software licenses * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links SOFTWARE LICENSES AND COPYRIGHT LAWMost distributed software can be categorized according to its license type (see table)
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Creative Commons
CREATIVE COMMONS (CC) is an American non-profit organization devoted to expanding the range of creative works available for others to build upon legally and to share. The organization has released several copyright -licenses known as Creative Commons licenses free of charge to the public. These licenses allow creators to communicate which rights they reserve, and which rights they waive for the benefit of recipients or other creators. An easy-to-understand one-page explanation of rights, with associated visual symbols, explains the specifics of each Creative Commons license. Creative Commons licenses do not replace copyright, but are based upon it
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Attribution (copyright)
ATTRIBUTION in copyright law, is acknowledgement as credit to the copyright holder or author of a work. Attribution is often considered as the most basic requirements in the usage of the works of others, with a long tradition in the scientific community and academia. If attribution is required by a license , it prevents others from claiming fraudulently to own the work and allows a copyright holder to accumulate a positive reputation that partially repays their losses. In cases when copyright holder is author himself it is regarded as a sign of decency and respect to acknowledge the creator by giving him/her credit for the work. CONTENTS * 1 Copyright
Copyright
holder attribution * 2 Author attribution * 3 See also * 4 References COPYRIGHT HOLDER ATTRIBUTIONThe most fundamental form of attribution is the statement of the copyright holder's identity, often in the form Copyright
Copyright
©
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Share-alike
SHARE-ALIKE is a copyright licensing term, originally used by the Creative Commons project, to describe works or licences that require copies or adaptations of the work to be released under the same or similar licence as the original. Copyleft licences are free content or free software licences with a share-alike condition. Two currently-supported Creative Commons licences have the ShareAlike condition: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (a copyleft , free content licence) and Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike (a proprietary licence). The term has also been used outside copyright law to refer to a similar plan for patent licensing
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Chemical Database
A CHEMICAL DATABASE is a database specifically designed to store chemical information . This information is about chemical and crystal structures , spectra, reactions and syntheses, and thermophysical data. CONTENTS* 1 Types of chemical databases * 1.1 Chemical structures * 1.2 Literature database * 1.3 Crystallographic database * 1.4 NMR spectra database * 1.5 Reactions database * 1.6 Thermophysical database * 2 Chemical structure representation * 3 Search * 3.1 Substructure * 3.2 Conformation * 4 Descriptors * 5 Similarity * 6 Registration systems * 7 Tools * 8 See also * 9 References TYPES OF CHEMICAL DATABASESCHEMICAL STRUCTURESChemical structures are traditionally represented using lines indicating chemical bonds between atoms and drawn on paper (2D structural formulae )
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Molecule
A MOLECULE is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds . Molecules are distinguished from ions by their lack of electrical charge . However, in quantum physics , organic chemistry , and biochemistry , the term _molecule_ is often used less strictly, also being applied to polyatomic ions . In the kinetic theory of gases , the term _molecule_ is often used for any gaseous particle regardless of its composition. According to this definition, noble gas atoms are considered molecules as they are in fact monoatomic molecules. A molecule may be homonuclear , that is, it consists of atoms of one chemical element , as with oxygen (O2); or it may be heteronuclear , a chemical compound composed of more than one element, as with water (H2O). Atoms and complexes connected by non-covalent interactions , such as hydrogen bonds or ionic bonds , are generally not considered single molecules
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Food And Drug Administration (United States)
The FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services , one of the United States federal executive departments . The FDA is responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the control and supervision of food safety , tobacco products, dietary supplements , prescription and over-the-counter pharmaceutical drugs (medications), vaccines , biopharmaceuticals , blood transfusions , medical devices , electromagnetic radiation emitting devices (ERED), cosmetics, animal foods the FDA also enforces other laws, notably Section 361 of the Public Health Service Act and associated regulations, many of which are not directly related to food or drugs. These include regulating lasers, cellular phones, condoms and control of disease on products ranging from certain household pets to sperm donation for assisted reproduction
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Journal Of Heterocyclic Chemistry
JOURNAL OF HETEROCYCLIC CHEMISTRY is a peer-reviewed scientific journal summarizing progress in the field of heterocycle chemistry . It is a source for the ChemSpider database. REFERENCES This article about a chemistry journal is a stub . You can help by expanding it . * v * t * e See tips for writing articles about academic journals . Further suggestions might be found on the article's talk page . Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Journal_of_Heterocyclic_Chemistry additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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KEGG
KEGG (KYOTO ENCYCLOPEDIA OF GENES AND GENOMES) is a collection of databases dealing with genomes , biological pathways , diseases , drugs , and chemical substances . KEGG is utilized for bioinformatics research and education, including data analysis in genomics , metagenomics , metabolomics and other omics studies, modeling and simulation in systems biology , and translational research in drug development . CONTENTS * 1 Introduction * 2 Databases * 2.1 Systems information * 2.2 Genomic information * 2.3 Chemical information * 2.4 Health information * 3 Subscription model * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links INTRODUCTIONThe KEGG database project was initiated in 1995 by Minoru Kanehisa, Professor at the Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University , under the then ongoing Japanese Human Genome Program
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