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Charlemagne
Charlemagne
Charlemagne
(/ˈʃɑːrləmeɪn/) or Charles
Charles
the Great[a] (2 April 742[1][b] – 28 January 814), numbered Charles
Charles
I, was King of the Franks
Franks
from 768, King of the Lombards
Lombards
from 774 and Holy Roman Emperor from 800. He united much of western and central Europe during the early Middle Ages. He was the first recognised emperor to rule from western Europe since the fall of the Western Roman Empire
Roman Empire
three centuries earlier.[2] The expanded Frankish state that Charlemagne founded is called the Carolingian
Carolingian
Empire
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Grimoald The Elder
Grimoald I (616–657), called the Elder (in French, Grimaud l'Ainé), was the Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia
Austrasia
from 643 to 656. He was the son of Pepin of Landen
Pepin of Landen
and Itta.[2][3] Biography[edit] With the death of Pepin in 640, Grimoald became the head of his household, the most powerful in Austrasia. At this time, Radulf, Duke of Thuringia, rebelled against Sigebert III, king of Austrasia. Grimoald participated in the ensuing expedition against the insurrection, but it was a failure. Nevertheless, Grimoald succeeded in saving the life of the king and became his close friend
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Grimoald The Younger
Grimoald II (French: Grimaud) (died 714), called the Younger, was the mayor of the palace of Neustria
Neustria
from 695. He was the second son of Pepin of Herstal
Pepin of Herstal
and Plectrude
Plectrude
and his father placed him in the office of mayor of the palace in the Neustrian kingdom in 695, when he was still young. He married Theudesinda (or Theodelinda), daughter of Radbod, King of the Frisians, and had two sons: Theudoald and Arnold. While en route to visit the tomb of Saint Lambert at Liège, he was assassinated by a certain Rangar, in the employ of his father-in-law. His sons carried on a fight to be recognised as Pepin of Herstal's true heirs, since Grimoald predeceased his father and his half-brother Charles Martel usurped the lands and offices of their father. In short, he was innocent but unlucky. Sources[edit]Riché, Pierre
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Pepin Of Landen
Pepin I (also Peppin, Pipin, or Pippin) of Landen
Landen
(c. 580 – 27 February 640), also called the Elder or the Old, was the Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia
Austrasia
under the Merovingian king Dagobert I
Dagobert I
from 623 to 629. He was also the mayor for Sigebert III
Sigebert III
from 639 until his death. Through the marriage of his daughter Begga
Begga
to Ansegisel, a son of Arnulf of Metz, the clans of the Pippinids and the Arnulfings were united, giving rise to a family which would eventually rule the Franks as the Carolingians. Life[edit] Pepin's father is named Carloman[1] by the Chronicle of Fredegar, the chief source for his life. His byname comes from his probable birthplace: Landen, modern Belgium
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Dynasty
A dynasty (UK: /ˈdɪnəsti/, US: /ˈdaɪnəsti/) is a sequence of rulers from the same family,[1] usually in the context of a feudal or monarchical system, but sometimes also appearing in elective republics. The dynastic family or lineage may be known as a "house",[2] which may be styled as "royal", "princely", "ducal", "comital", etc., depending upon the chief or present title borne by its members. Historians periodize the histories of many sovereign states, such as Ancient Egypt, the Carolingian Empire
Carolingian Empire
and Imperial China, using a framework of successive dynasties. As such, the term "dynasty" may be used to delimit the era during which the family reigned and to describe events, trends, and artifacts of that period ("a Ming-dynasty vase")
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Chlodulf Of Metz
Saint Chlodulf (Clodulphe or Clodould) (605 – June 8, 696 or 697, others say May 8, 697) was bishop of Metz
Metz
approximately from 657 to 697. Chlodulf was the son of Arnulf, bishop of Metz, and the brother of Ansegisel, mayor of the palace of Austrasia. Before his ordination Chlodulf had married an unknown woman and had begotten a son called Aunulf. In 657, he became bishop of Metz, the third successor of his father, "despite a reputation for impiety in his youth".[1] He held that office for 40 years. During this time he richly decorated the cathedral St. Stephen. He also was in close contact with Saint Gertrude of Nivelles, sister to his brother's wife, Begga. He died in Metz
Metz
and was buried in the church of St. Arnulf. In Nivelles
Nivelles
he was locally venerated as Saint Clou, especially because of his connection to Saint Gertrude. His Feast Day is June 8. References[edit]^ Halsall, Guy
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Arnulfings
The Pippinids or Arnulfings are the members of a family of Frankish nobles in the Pippinid dynasty. Their selections served as Mayor of the Palace, de facto rulers, of the Frankish kingdoms of Neustria
Neustria
and Austrasia
Austrasia
that were nominally ruled by the Merovingians.Contents1 History 2 Succession2.1 Carolingian dynasty3 See also 4 External linksHistory[edit] The dynasty is usually considered to have been founded by Saint Arnulf, bishop of Metz in the early seventh century, who wielded a great deal of power and influence in the Merovingian kingdoms. His son Ansegisel married Saint Begga, the daughter of Pepin of Landen, and their son was Pepin of Heristal
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Old St. Peter's Basilica
Old St. Peter's Basilica
St. Peter's Basilica
was the building that stood, from the 4th to 16th centuries, where the new St. Peter's Basilica
St. Peter's Basilica
stands today in Vatican City. Construction of the basilica, built over the historical site of the Circus of Nero, began during the reign of Emperor Constantine I. The name "old St. Peter's Basilica" has been used since the construction of the current basilica to distinguish the two buildings.[1]Contents1 History 2 Design2.1 Mosaics3 Tombs 4 See also 5 Notes 6 Further reading 7 External linksHistory[edit]An early interpretation of the relative locations of the Circus of Nero, and the old and current Basilicas of St. PeterConstruction began by orders of the Roman Emperor Constantine I between 318 and 322,[2] and took about 30 years to complete
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Childebert The Adopted
Childebert III the Adopted (Childebertus Adoptivus) was a Frankish king.[1] Family[edit] Childebert was a son of the Mayor of the Palace Grimoald the Elder. He was thus a grandson of Pepin of Landen.[2] He was adopted by King Sigebert III
Sigebert III
and Queen Chimnechild.[3] Biography[edit] When Sigebert III
Sigebert III
died in 656,[4] Grimoald had Sigebert’s biological son Dagobert II[5] shorn of hair and sent him to an Irish monastery and then proclaimed Childebert king of Austrasia.[6] Grimoald, Childebert and Ansegisel (who had married the daughter of Pepin of Landen[7]) were finally seized and turned over to the king of Neustria, Clovis II, who had them killed. There are two differing accounts of his death, however
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Pippinids
The Pippinids or Arnulfings are the members of a family of Frankish nobles in the Pippinid dynasty. Their selections served as Mayor of the Palace, de facto rulers, of the Frankish kingdoms of Neustria
Neustria
and Austrasia
Austrasia
that were nominally ruled by the Merovingians.Contents1 History 2 Succession2.1 Carolingian dynasty3 See also 4 External linksHistory[edit] The dynasty is usually considered to have been founded by Saint Arnulf, bishop of Metz in the early seventh century, who wielded a great deal of power and influence in the Merovingian kingdoms. His son Ansegisel married Saint Begga, the daughter of Pepin of Landen, and their son was Pepin of Heristal
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Theudoald
Theudoald (or Theodald; 706 – 741)[1][2] was the mayor of the palace, briefly unopposed in 714, aged eight, after the death of his grandfather, Pepin of Herstal. Then in 715 the nobility acclaimed Ragenfrid mayor of Neustria
Neustria
and Charles Martel
Charles Martel
mayor of Austrasia. Theudoald was the legitimate but later claimed illegitimate son of Grimoald II (son of Pepin II of Herstal and Plectrude) and Theudesinda of Frisia
Frisia
(daughter of king Radbod). Thus, he was a grandson of the Frisian king. His grandmother Plectrude
Plectrude
tried to have him recognised by his grandfather as the legitimate heir to all the Pippinid lands, instead of Charles Martel
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Drogo Of Champagne
Drogo (670–708), son of Pepin the Middle and Plectrude, was the duke of Champagne by appointment of his father in 690 and duke of Burgundy from the death of Nordebert in 697. He was the mayor of the palace of Burgundy from 695. He married Anstrude, the daughter of Ansflede and Waratton, the former mayor of the palace of Neustria
Neustria
and Burgundy, and also the widow of the mayor of the palace Berthar. They had four sons: Hugh, Arnulf (c. 690–c. 721), Godfrey, and Pepin. Drogo predeceased his father and left the duchy of Champagne to his second-eldest son Arnulf, as the first born Hugh had entered a monastery. Drogo is buried in Metz
Metz
in Saint-Pierre-aux-Nonnains. Gallery[edit] Saint-Pierre-aux-Nonnains
Saint-Pierre-aux-Nonnains
at Metz, where Drogo is buried.Sources[edit]Dictionnaire de Biographie Française. Roman d'Amat and R. Limousin-Lamothe, edd
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Germany
Coordinates: 51°N 9°E / 51°N 9°E / 51; 9Federal Republic
Republic
of GermanyBundesrepublik Deutschland (German)[a] Flag Coat of arms Motto: "Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit" (de facto)(English: "Unity and Justice and Freedom")Anthem: "Deutschlandlied"[b](English: "Song of Germany")Show globeShow map of EuropeLocation of Germany (dark green)– in Europe (green & dark grey)– in the European Union (green)Capitaland largest cityBerlin[c]52
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Carloman (mayor Of The Palace)
Carloman (between 706 and 716[1] – 17 August[2] 754) was the eldest son of Charles Martel, majordomo or mayor of the palace and duke of the Franks, and his wife Chrotrud of Treves. On Charles's death (741), Carloman and his brother Pepin the Short
Pepin the Short
succeeded to their father's legal positions, Carloman in Austrasia, and Pepin in Neustria. He was a member of the family later called the Carolingians and it can be argued that he was instrumental in consolidating their power at the expense of the ruling Merovingian kings of the Franks
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Middle Francia
Middle Francia
Francia
(Latin: Francia
Francia
media) was a short-lived Frankish kingdom which was created in 843 by the Treaty of Verdun
Treaty of Verdun
after an intermittent civil war between the grandsons of Charlemagne
Charlemagne
resulted in division of the united empire. Middle Francia
Francia
was allocated to emperor Lothair I, the eldest son and successor of emperor Louis the Pious
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Constantine VI
Constantine VI
Constantine VI
(Ancient Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος Ϛ΄, Kōnstantinos VI; 771 – before 805[1]) was Byzantine Emperor
Byzantine Emperor
from 780 to 797.Contents1 Early life and the regency of Irene 2 Reign 3 Family 4 See also 5 References 6 SourcesEarly life and the regency of Irene[edit] Constantine VI
Constantine VI
was the only child of Emperor Leo IV and Irene. Constantine was crowned co-emperor by his father in 776, and succeeded as sole emperor in 780, at the age of nine
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