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Bianzhong
BIANZHONG (pronounced ) is an ancient Chinese musical instrument consisting of a set of bronze bells, played melodically. These sets of chime bells were used as polyphonic musical instruments and some of these bells have been dated at between 2,000 to 3,600 years old. They were hung in a wooden frame and struck with a mallet. Along with the stone chimes called bianqing , they were an important instrument in China's ritual and court music going back to ancient times. Several sets of bianzhong were imported to the Korean court during the Song Dynasty
Song Dynasty
. Pronounced in Korean as PYEONJONG, the instrument became an important part in Korea's ritual and court music and is still in use
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Major Third
In classical music from Western culture
Western culture
, a THIRD is a musical interval encompassing three staff positions (see Interval number for more details), and the MAJOR THIRD ( Play (help ·info )) is a third spanning four semitones . Along with the minor third , the major third is one of two commonly occurring thirds. It is qualified as major because it is the larger of the two: the major third spans four semitones, the minor third three. For example, the interval from C to E is a major third, as the note E lies four semitones above C, and there are three staff positions from C to E. Diminished and augmented thirds span the same number of staff positions, but consist of a different number of semitones (two and five). The major third may be derived from the harmonic series as the interval between the fourth and fifth harmonics
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Minor Third
In the music theory of Western culture
Western culture
, a MINOR THIRD is a musical interval that encompasses three half steps , or semitones . Staff notation represents the minor third as encompassing three staff positions (see: interval number ). The minor third is one of two commonly occurring thirds. It is called minor because it is the smaller of the two: the major third spans an additional semitone. For example, the interval from A to C is a minor third, as the note C lies three semitones above A, and (coincidentally) there are three staff positions from A to C. Diminished and augmented thirds span the same number of staff positions, but consist of a different number of semitones (two and five). The minor third is a skip melodically. Notable examples of ascending minor thirds include the opening two notes of " Greensleeves " and of " Light My Fire "
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Lens (geometry)
In 2-dimensional geometry , a LENS is a convex set bounded by two circular arcs joined to each other at their endpoints. In order for this shape to be convex, both arcs must bow outwards (convex-convex). This shape can be formed as the intersection of two circular disks . It can also be formed as the union of two circular segments (regions between the chord of a circle and the circle itself), joined along a common chord. CONTENTS * 1 Special
Special
cases * 2 Area
Area
* 3 Applications * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links SPECIAL CASES Example asymmmetric and symmetric lenses The Vesica piscis is the intersection of two disks with the same radius, with the center of each disk on the perimeter of the other. If the two arcs of a lens have equal radii, it is called a SYMMETRIC LENS, otherwise is an ASYMMETRIC LENS
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Zeng (state)
SUí (simplified Chinese : 随; traditional Chinese : 隨; pinyin : Suí) was a Zhou dynasty vassal state in the Han River Basin in modern Suizhou , Hubei , China. Its ruling house had the surname Ji (姬), and held the noble rank of Hou (侯), roughly comparable to a marquess . HISTORYDuring the initial stages of the Spring and Autumn Period from 771 BCE, the power of Sui’s neighbor the State of Chu grew considerably. At the same time Sui also expanded and became leader of the various vassal states whose leaders bore the surname Ji known as the HANYANG JI VASSALS (汉阳诸姬). The Zuo Zhuan records that in 706 BCE King Wu of Chu invaded the State of Sui on the grounds that the state’s minister Ji Liang (季梁) had halted the king’s army. Not long afterwards, the Sui military commander received Chu Prime Minister Dou Bobi (鬬伯比) who concluded that given the opportunity Sui would conspire against Chu
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Ancient China
Written records of the HISTORY OF CHINA can be found from as early as 1500 BC under the Shang dynasty
Shang dynasty
(c. 1600–1046 BC). Ancient historical texts such as the Records of the Grand Historian
Records of the Grand Historian
(ca. 100 BC) and the Bamboo Annals (before 296 BC) describe a Xia dynasty (c. 2070–1600 BC), which had no system of writing on a durable medium, before the Shang. The Yellow River
Yellow River
's Yellow river civilization is said to be the cradle of Chinese civilization, although cultures originated at various regional centers along both the Yellow River
Yellow River
and the Yangtze River 's Yangtze civilization millennia ago in the Neolithic
Neolithic
era
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Korea
KOREA is a historic country in East Asia
East Asia
, and since 1945 it has been divided into two distinct sovereign states : North Korea
North Korea
(officially the "Democratic People's Republic of Korea") and South Korea (officially the "Republic of Korea"). Located on the Korean Peninsula , Korea
Korea
is bordered by China
China
to the northwest and Russia
Russia
to the northeast. It is separated from Japan
Japan
to the east by the Korea
Korea
Strait and the East Sea . Korea
Korea
emerged as a singular political entity after centuries of conflict among the Three Kingdoms of Korea , which were unified as Later Silla to the south and Balhae
Balhae
to the north
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Diatonic
DIATONIC (Greek : διατονική) and CHROMATIC (Greek : χρωματική) are terms in music theory that are most often used to characterize scales , and are also applied to musical instruments, intervals , chords , notes , musical styles , and kinds of harmony . They are very often used as a pair, especially when applied to contrasting features of the common practice music of the period 1600–1900. These terms may mean different things in different contexts. Very often, DIATONIC refers to musical elements derived from the modes and transpositions of the "white note scale" C–D–E–F–G–A–B. In some usages it includes all forms of heptatonic scale that are in common use in Western music (the major, and all forms of the minor). CHROMATIC most often refers to structures derived from the chromatic scale , which consists of all semitones
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Pentatonic
A PENTATONIC SCALE is a musical scale or mode with five notes per octave in contrast to a heptatonic (seven-note) scale such as the major scale and minor scale . Pentatonic scales are very common and are found all over the world. They are divided into those with semitones (hemitonic) and those without (anhemitonic). Because of their relative simplicity, pentatonic scales are often used to introduce beginners to music
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International Standard Book Number
The INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER (ISBN) is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. For example, an e-book , a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit STANDARD BOOK NUMBERING (SBN) created in 1966. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108 (the SBN code can be converted to a ten digit ISBN by prefixing it with a zero)
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Qing Dynasty
Tael (liǎng) PRECEDED BY SUCCEEDED BY Later Jin Shun Southern Ming
Southern Ming
Tungning (Ming Zheng) Dzungar Republic of China Mongolia
Mongolia
Formosa The QING DYNASTY, also known as the QING EMPIRE, officially the GREAT QING (English: /tʃɪŋ/ ), was the last imperial dynasty of China , established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912. It was preceded by the Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
and succeeded by the Republic of China . The Qing multi-cultural empire lasted almost three centuries and formed the territorial base for the modern Chinese state . The dynasty was founded by the Jurchen Aisin Gioro clan in Manchuria . In the late sixteenth century, Nurhaci
Nurhaci
, originally a Ming vassal, began organizing "Banners ", military-social units that included Jurchen, Han Chinese, and Mongol elements
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Kangxi Emperor
The KANGXI EMPEROR (4 May 1654 – 20 December 1722) was the fourth emperor of the Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
, the first to be born on Chinese soil south of the Shanhai Pass near Beijing
Beijing
, and the second Qing emperor to rule over that part of China, from 1661 to 1722. The Kangxi Emperor's reign of 61 years makes him the longest-reigning emperor in Chinese history (although his grandson, the Qianlong Emperor , had the longest period of de facto power) and one of the longest-reigning rulers in the world . However, since he ascended the throne at the age of seven, actual power was held for six years by four regents and his grandmother, the Grand Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang . The Kangxi Emperor
Kangxi Emperor
is considered one of China's greatest emperors
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Jin (chinese State)
JIN (Chinese : 晉, Old Chinese
Old Chinese
: *tsi-s), originally known as TANG (唐), was a major state during the middle part of the Zhou dynasty
Zhou dynasty
, based near the center of what was then China, on the lands attributed to the legendary Xia dynasty : the southern part of modern Shanxi
Shanxi
. Although it grew in power during the Spring and Autumn period
Spring and Autumn period
, its aristocratic structure saw it break apart when the duke lost power to his nobles. In 453 BC, Jin was split into three successor states: Han , Zhao and Wei . The Partition of Jin marks the end of the Spring and Autumn Period and the beginning of the Warring States period
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Chinese Ceramics
CHINESE CERAMICS show a continuous development since pre-dynastic times and are one of the most significant forms of Chinese art
Chinese art
and ceramics globally. The first pottery was made during the Palaeolithic era. Chinese ceramics
Chinese ceramics
range from construction materials such as bricks and tiles, to hand-built pottery vessels fired in bonfires or kilns, to the sophisticated Chinese porcelain wares made for the imperial court and for export. Porcelain
Porcelain
is so identified with China that it is still called "china" in everyday English usage. Most later Chinese ceramics, even of the finest quality, were made on an industrial scale, thus few names of individual potters were recorded
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McCune–Reischauer
MCCUNE–REISCHAUER ROMANIZATION ( /məˈkuːn ˈraɪ.ʃaʊ.ər/ ) is one of the two most widely used Korean language
Korean language
romanization systems. A modified version of McCune–Reischauer
McCune–Reischauer
was the official romanization system in South Korea
South Korea
until 2000, when it was replaced by the Revised Romanization of Korean
Romanization of Korean
system. A variant of McCune–Reischauer
McCune–Reischauer
is still used as the official system in North Korea . The system was created in 1937 by George M. McCune and Edwin O. Reischauer . With a few exceptions, it attempts not to transliterate Korean hangul but to represent the phonetic pronunciation. McCune–Reischauer
McCune–Reischauer
is widely used outside Korea
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