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Bajío
The BAJíO (lowlands) is a region of West North-Central Mexico that includes parts of the states of Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes
, Jalisco
Jalisco
(Centro-Los Altos ), Guanajuato
Guanajuato
, and Querétaro
Querétaro
. The Bajío
Bajío
has repeatedly been recognized as the region with the best quality of life and safest region in Mexico also the most dynamic in Latin America
Latin America
. Nowadays, the region is a vigorous services region that is experiencing an ongoing social and economic revitalization. It is a strong business and economic centre. The largest cities of Bajio are Guadalajara
Guadalajara
, León , Santiago de Querétaro
Querétaro
and Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes

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Moroleón, Guanajuato
MOROLEóN is a city located in the same name municipality of the state of Guanajuato
Guanajuato
, adjacent to the border with the state of Michoacán
Michoacán
, in Mexico
Mexico
. It lies directly west of the city of Uriangato
Uriangato
, and is a part of the Uriangato- Moroleón
Moroleón
metropolitan area that includes the two municipalities. The city is the seat of the municipality. In the Mexican census of 2005 the city had a population of 41,909 inhabitants, while the municipality had a population of 46,751. The municipality has an area of 164.97 km² (60.606 sq mi). Moroleon is considered an important clothes shopping destination in Guanajuato, with clothing stores that line the streets for miles as it is one of the leading cities of the textile industry in all of Mexico. On the 6th of January, there is a big festival to celebrate the history of the church
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San Juan De Los Lagos
SAN JUAN DE LOS LAGOS is a city and municipality located in the northeast corner of the state of Jalisco
Jalisco
, Mexico
Mexico
, in a region known as Los Altos . It is best known as the home of a small image of the Virgin Mary called Our Lady of San Juan de los Lagos
Our Lady of San Juan de los Lagos
or in Nahuatl Cihuapilli, which means “Great Lady.” Since the first major miracle ascribed to her in 1632, she has been venerated especially for cases involving mortal danger. The miracles ascribed to her have made the basilica in which she is found a major tourist attraction, which has shaped the city’s history to this day. The economy of the city is still heavily dependent on the flow of pilgrims which has amounted to between seven and nine million people per year
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Río Grande De Santiago
The RíO GRANDE DE SANTIAGO is one of the longest rivers in Mexico
Mexico
, measuring up 433 km (269 mi) long. The river begins at Lake Chapala and continues roughly north-west through the Sierra Madre Occidental
Sierra Madre Occidental
, receiving the Verde, Juchipila, Bolaños, and other tributaries. At La Yesca , the La Yesca
La Yesca
Dam was completed in 2012 and the El Cajón Dam was completed downstream in 2007. Below El Cajón, the Aguamilpa Dam was completed in 1993, creating a reservoir covering a large part of the territory of the municipality of El Nayar in Nayarit
Nayarit
. From Aguamilpa, the river descends to the coastal lowlands, passing by Santiago Ixcuintla
Santiago Ixcuintla
and empties into the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
, 16 km (10 mi) northwest of San Blas , in Nayarit
Nayarit

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Rio Lerma
The LERMA RIVER (Spanish : Río Lerma) is Mexico
Mexico
's second longest river. It is a 750 km-long (470 mi) river in west-central Mexico
Mexico
that begins in Mexican Plateau
Mexican Plateau
at an altitude over 3,000 metres (9,843 ft) above sea level, and ends where it empties into Lake Chapala
Lake Chapala
, Mexico's largest lake, near Guadalajara , Jalisco
Jalisco
. Lake Chapala
Lake Chapala
is the starting point of Río Grande de Santiago
Río Grande de Santiago
, which some treat as a continuation of the Lerma River. In combination, the two are often called the LERMA SANTIAGO RIVER (Spanish : Río Lerma Santiago)
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Sorghum
_SORGHUM_ is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae . Seventeen of the twenty-five species are native to Australia , with the range of some extending to Africa , Asia , Mesoamerica , and certain islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans . One species is grown for grain , while many others are used as fodder plants, either cultivated in warm climates worldwide or naturalized, in pasture lands . _Sorghum_ is in the subfamily Panicoideae and the tribe Andropogoneae (the tribe of big bluestem and sugarcane )
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Wheat
References: Serial No. 42236 ITIS 2002-09-22 WHEAT is a grass widely cultivated for its seed , a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food . There are many species of wheat which together make up the genus _TRITICUM_; the most widely grown is common wheat (_T. aestivum_). The archaeological record suggests that wheat was first cultivated in the regions of the Fertile Crescent
Fertile Crescent
around 9600 BCE. Botanically, the wheat kernel is a type of fruit called a caryopsis . Wheat
Wheat
is grown on more land area than any other food crop (220.4 million hectares , 2014). World trade in wheat is greater than for all other crops combined. In 2016, world production of wheat was 749 million tonnes , making it the second most-produced cereal after maize . Since 1960, world production of wheat and other grain crops has tripled and is expected to grow further through the middle of the 21st century
21st century

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Arandas, Jalisco
ARANDAS is a municipality of the Altos Sur region of the state of Jalisco
Jalisco
in Mexico
Mexico
. ARANDAS is also the name of the municipality's main township and the center of the municipal government. It is approximately 2 hours east of Guadalajara
Guadalajara
. The population of the town of Arandas was 46,099 as of the census of 2005. The town's main plaza is named Plaza Hidalgo after Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla , known as the father of Mexico's war of independence
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San Juan Del Río, Querétaro
SAN JUAN DEL RíO is a city (2010 census pop. 241,699) and administrative seat of the surrounding San Juan del Río Municipality (pop. 208,462) in the central Mexican state of Querétaro
Querétaro
. The population in July, 2007 is calculated in 128,270 for the city and 217,980 for the municipality. Both the city and municipality have the second-highest population in the state. The municipality has an area of 799.9 km2 (308.8 sq mi). It is on the country's central plateau (altiplano), 50 km (31 mi) southeast of state capital, Santiago de Querétaro
Querétaro
, at 20°23′N 99°59′W / 20.383°N 99.983°W / 20.383; -99.983 and an elevation of 1922 m. Famous for its opals, mined at nearby La Trinidad, it is also an agricultural center (corn, wheat, sugarcane, beans, alfalfa, fruit, and livestock) and has some light industry. A number of wineries are also located in the vicinity
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Agave Landscape And Ancient Industrial Facilities Of Tequila
The AGAVE LANDSCAPE AND ANCIENT INDUSTRIAL FACILITIES OF TEQUILA is a cultural UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mexico
Mexico
. The 35,019-hectare site is part of an expansive landscape of blue agave , shaped by the culture of the plant used since the 16th century to produce the spirit known as tequila and for at least two millennia to make fermented drinks (such as pulque ) and cloth. Within the landscape are working distilleries reflecting the growth in the consumption of tequila in the 19th and 20th centuries. Today, this agave culture is seen as part of Mexican national identity . The site includes the living, working agave fields and the urban settlements of Tequila
Tequila
, Magdalena , El Arenal and Amatitan
Amatitan

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Hospicio Cabañas
The HOSPICIO CABAñAS in Guadalajara , Jalisco
Jalisco
, Mexico
Mexico
, a World Heritage Site , is one of the oldest and largest hospital complexes in the Americas . The complex was founded in 1791 by the Bishop of Guadalajara in order to combine the functions of a workhouse , hospital , orphanage , and almshouse . It owes its name to Juan Ruiz de Cabañas who was appointed to the see of Guadalajara in 1796 and engaged Manuel Tolsá , a renowned architect from Mexico
Mexico
City , to design the structure. Tolsá's design was based on classic examples such as Les Invalides in Paris
Paris
and El Escorial
El Escorial
near Madrid
Madrid
. The buildings form a rectangle measuring 164 by 145 metres (538 by 476 ft). These are single-storey structures which are 7.5 metres (25 ft) in height
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Franciscan Missions In The Sierra Gorda
The FRANCISCAN MISSIONS of the Sierra Gorda
Sierra Gorda
in the Mexican state
Mexican state
of Querétaro
Querétaro
were declared a World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
by the UNESCO
UNESCO
in 2003. They are credited to Junípero Serra
Junípero Serra
of the Franciscan Order
Franciscan Order
, who also founded important missions in Alta California
Alta California
. The five missions are: Santiago de Jalpan and Nuestra Señora de la Luz de Tancoyol in the municipality of Jalpan , Santa María del Agua de Landa and San Francisco del Valle de Tilaco in Landa , and San Miguel Concá in Arroyo Seco . The facades of these churches are important because of the “Mestizo Baroque” style, which shows significant indigenous influence by the Pame Indians who built them
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Sanctuary Of Jesús Nazareno De Atotonilco
The SANCTUARY OF ATOTONILCO (Spanish: Santuario de Atotonilco ) is a church complex and a World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
, designated along with nearby San Miguel de Allende
San Miguel de Allende
, Guanajuato
Guanajuato
, Mexico. The complex was built in the 18th century by Father Luis Felipe Neri de Alfaro, who, according to tradition, was called upon by a vision of Jesus with a crown of thorns on his head and carrying a cross. The main feature of the complex is the rich Mexican Baroque
Baroque
mural work that adorns the main nave and chapels. This was chiefly the work of Antonio Martínez de Pocasangre over a period of thirty years. The mural work has led the complex to be dubbed the " Sistine Chapel
Sistine Chapel
of Mexico." The complex remains a place of worship and penance to this day, attracting as many as 5,000 visitors every week
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San Juan Del Río
SAN JUAN DEL RíO is a city (2010 census pop. 241,699) and administrative seat of the surrounding San Juan del Río
San Juan del Río
Municipality (pop. 208,462) in the central Mexican state of Querétaro
Querétaro
. The population in July, 2007 is calculated in 128,270 for the city and 217,980 for the municipality. Both the city and municipality have the second-highest population in the state. The municipality has an area of 799.9 km2 (308.8 sq mi). It is on the country's central plateau (altiplano), 50 km (31 mi) southeast of state capital, Santiago de Querétaro
Querétaro
, at 20°23′N 99°59′W / 20.383°N 99.983°W / 20.383; -99.983 and an elevation of 1922 m. Famous for its opals, mined at nearby La Trinidad, it is also an agricultural center (corn, wheat, sugarcane, beans, alfalfa, fruit, and livestock) and has some light industry. A number of wineries are also located in the vicinity
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World Heritage Sites
A WORLD HERITAGE SITE is a landmark or area which has been officially recognized by the United Nations
United Nations
, specifically by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO
UNESCO
). Sites are selected on the basis of having cultural, historical, scientific or some other form of significance, and they are legally protected by international treaties. UNESCO
UNESCO
regards these sites as being important to the collective interests of humanity
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La Gran Chichimeca
LA GRAN CHICHIMECA was a term used by the Spanish conquistadores of the 16th century to refer to an area of the northern central Mexican altiplano (plateau) , a territory which today is encompassed by the modern Mexican states of Jalisco
Jalisco
, Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes
, Nayarit , Guanajuato
Guanajuato
and Zacatecas
Zacatecas
. They derived the term from the Aztec
Aztec
who referred to the nomadic tribes of the area as “chichimeca ”. The Nahuatl name Chīchīmēcah (plural, pronounced ; singular Chīchīmēcatl) means "inhabitants of Chichiman"; the placename Chichiman itself means "Area of Milk". It is sometimes said to be related to chichi "dog", but the i's in chichi are short while those in Chīchīmēcah are long, a phonemic distinction in Nahuatl. The word could either have a negative "barbarous" sense, or a positive "noble savage " sense
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