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Anusim
Anusim (Hebrew: אֲנוּסִים‬, pronounced [anuˈsim]; singular male, Anús, Hebrew: אָנוּסpronounced [aˈnus]; singular female, Anusáh, אָנוּסָהpronounced [anuˈsa], meaning "Coerced") is a legal category of Jews in halakha (Jewish law) who were forced to abandon Judaism against their will, typically while forcibly converted to another religion
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Iberia
The Iberian Peninsula /ˈbɪəriən pəˈnɪnsjʊlə/, also known as Iberia /ˈbɪəriə/, is located in the southwest corner of Europe. The peninsula is principally divided between Portugal and Spain, comprising most of their territory. It also includes Andorra, and a small part of France along the peninsula's northeastern edge, as well as Gibraltar on its south coast, a small peninsula that forms an overseas territory of the United Kingdom
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Heresy In Judaism
Jewish heretics (minim, from minuth, Hebrew for "heretic") are Jewish individuals (often historically, philosophers) whose works have, in part or in whole, been condemned as heretical by significant persons or groups in the larger Jewish community based on the classical teachings of Rabbinic Judaism and derived from halakha (Jewish religious law).

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Catalan Language
Catalan (/ˈkætəlæn, -ən, ˌkætəˈlæn/; autonym: català International Phonetic Alphabet
International Phonetic Alphabet
(IPA)" class="IPA">[kətəˈla]
or  International Phonetic Alphabet
International Phonetic Alphabet
(IPA)" class="IPA">[kataˈla]
) is a Western Romance
Western Romance
languages"> Western Romance
Western Romance
language derived from Vulgar Latin and named after the medieval Principality of Catalonia, in northeastern modern Spain
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Iran
Iran (Persian: ایرانIrān [ʔiːˈɾɒːn] (About this sound listen)), also known as Persia (/ˈpɜːrʒə/), officially the Islamic Republic
Islamic Republic
of Iran
(Persian: جمهوری اسلامی ایرانJomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān (About this sound listen)), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran
Iran
is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2---> (636,372 sq mi), it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world
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Persia
Iran (Persian: ایرانIrān [ʔiːˈɾɒːn] (About this sound listen)), also known as Persia (/ˈpɜːrʒə/), officially the Islamic Republic
Islamic Republic
of Iran
(Persian: جمهوری اسلامی ایرانJomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān (About this sound listen)), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran
Iran
is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2---> (636,372 sq mi), it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world
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Ladino Language
Judaeo-Spanish or Judeo-Spanish (judeo-español, Hebrew script: גֿודֿיאו-איספאנייול‎, Cyrillic: Ђудео-Еспањол), commonly referred to as Ladino, is a Romance language derived from Old Spanish. Originally spoken in the former territories of the Ottoman Empire (the Balkans, Turkey, the Middle East, and North Africa) as well as in France, Italy, the Netherlands, Morocco, and the United Kingdom, today it is spoken mainly by Sephardic minorities in more than 30 countries, with most of the speakers residing in Israel. Although it has no official status in any country, it has been acknowledged as a minority language in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Israel, France and Turkey
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Quorum
A quorum is the minimum number of members of a deliberative assembly (a body that uses parliamentary procedure, such as a legislature) necessary to conduct the business of that group
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Rashi
Shlomo Yitzchaki (Hebrew: רבי שלמה יצחקי‬‎; Latin: Salomon Isaacides; French: Salomon de Troyes, 22 February 1040 – 13 July 1105), today generally known by the acronym Rashi (Hebrew: רש"י‬, RAbbi SHlomo Itzhaki), was a France
France
in the Middle Ages">medieval French rabbi and author of a comprehensive commentary on the Talmud and commentary on the Tanakh. Acclaimed for his ability to present the basic meaning of the text in a concise and lucid fashion, Rashi
Rashi
appeals to both learned scholars and beginner students, and his works remain a centerpiece of contemporary Jewish study. His commentary on the Talmud, which covers nearly all of the Babylonian Talmud
Talmud
(a total of 30 out of 39 tractates, due to his death), has been included in every edition of the Talmud
Talmud
since its first printing by Daniel Bomberg in the 1520s
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Germany
Germany (German: Deutschland, German pronunciation: [ˈdɔʏtʃlant]), officially the Federal Republic
Republic
of Germany
(German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland, About this soundlisten ), is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north and the Alps, Lake Constance, and the High Rhine to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands to the west. Germany
Germany
includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,386 square kilometres (137,988 sq mi), and has a largely temperate seasonal climate
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Portuguese Language
Portuguese ( Portuguese language
Portuguese language
text">português
or, in full, Portuguese language
Portuguese language
text">língua portuguesa
) is a Western Romance language originating in the Iberian Peninsula. It is the sole official language of Portugal, Brazil, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Angola and São Tomé and Príncipe. It also has co-official language status in East Timor, Equatorial Guinea and Macau in China. As the result of expansion during colonial times, a cultural presence of Portuguese and Portuguese creole speakers are also found in Goa, Daman and Diu in India; in Batticaloa on the east coast of Sri Lanka; in the Indonesian island of Flores; in the Malacca state of Malaysia; and the ABC islands in the Caribbean where Papiamento is spoken, while Cape Verdean Creole is the most widely spoken Portuguese-based Creole
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Heresy In Orthodox Judaism
Heresy in Orthodox Judaism (Hebrew: כְּפִירָהkefira) is not principally defined, but is usually understood as a departure from the traditional understanding of the Jewish concepts of the uniqueness of God or of the Torah as being divinely inspired
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Israelite
The Israelites (/ˈɪzriəˌltsˌ/; Hebrew: בני ישראלBnei Yisra'el) were a confederation of Iron Age Semitic-speaking tribes of the ancient Near East, who inhabited a part of Canaan during the tribal and monarchic periods. According to the religious narrative of the Hebrew Bible, the Israelites' origin is traced back to the Biblical patriarchs and matriarchs Abraham and his wife Sarah, through their son Isaac and his wife Rebecca, and their son Jacob who was later called Israel, from whence they derive their name, with his wives Leah and Rachel. Modern archaeology has largely discarded the historicity of the religious narrative, with it being reframed as constituting an inspiring national myth narrative
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