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Anti-communism
Anti-communism
Anti-communism
is opposition to communism. Organized anti-communism developed after the 1917 October Revolution
Revolution
in Russia and it reached global dimensions during the Cold War, when the United States
United States
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
engaged in an intense rivalry. Anti-communism
Anti-communism
has been an element of movements holding many different political positions, including nationalist, social democratic, liberal, conservative, fascist, capitalist, anarchist and even socialist viewpoints. The first organization specifically dedicated to opposing communism was the Russian White movement, which fought in the Russian Civil War starting in 1918 against the recently established Communist government
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François-Noël Babeuf
François-Noël Babeuf
François-Noël Babeuf
(French: [babœf]; 23 November 1760 – 27 May 1797), known as Gracchus Babeuf,[2] was a French political agitator and journalist of the French Revolutionary period. His newspaper Le tribun du peuple ("the tribune of the people") was best known for his advocacy for the poor and calling for a popular revolt against the Directory, the government of France. He was a leading advocate for democracy, the abolition of private property and the equality of results. He angered the authorities who were clamping down hard on their radical enemies. In spite of the efforts of his Jacobin
Jacobin
friends to save him, Babeuf was executed for his role in the Conspiracy of the Equals. The "Gracchus" nickname likened him to the ancient Roman tribunes of the people
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Second International
The Second International
Second International
(1889–1916), the original Socialist International, was an organization of socialist and labour parties formed in Paris
Paris
on July 14, 1889
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Planned Economy
A planned economy is a type of economic system where investment and the allocation of capital goods is performed through economy-wide economic and production plans
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Social Revolution
Social revolutions are sudden changes in the structure and nature of society.[1] These revolutions are usually recognized as having transformed in society, culture, philosophy, and technology much more than political systems.[2] Theda Skocpol
Theda Skocpol
in her article "France, Russia, China: A Structural Analysis of Social Revolutions" states that social revolution is a "combination of thoroughgoing structural transformation and massive class upheavals".[3] She comes to this definition by combining Samuel P
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Wage Slavery
Wage
Wage
slavery is a term used to draw an analogy between slavery and wage labor by focusing on similarities between owning and renting a person. It is usually used to refer to a situation where a person's livelihood depends on wages or a salary, especially when the dependence is total and immediate.[1][2] The term "wage slavery" has been used to criticize exploitation of labour and social stratification, with the former seen primarily as unequal bargaining power between labor and capital (particularly when workers are paid comparatively low wages, e.g
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Collectivism
Collectivism
Collectivism
is a cultural value that is characterized by emphasis on cohesiveness among individuals and prioritization of the group over self
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Islamic Communism
Islamic socialism
Islamic socialism
is a term coined by various Muslim
Muslim
leaders to describe a more spiritual form of socialism. Muslim
Muslim
socialists believe that the teachings of the Quran
Quran
and Muhammad—especially the zakat—are compatible with principles of economic and social equality. They draw inspiration from the early Medinan welfare state established by Muhammad. Muslim
Muslim
socialists found their roots in anti-imperialism
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Communist League
The Communist League
Communist League
(German: Bund der Kommunisten) was an international political party established on June 1, 1847 in London, England. The organisation was formed through the merger of the League of the Just, headed by Karl Schapper
Karl Schapper
and the Communist Correspondence Committee of Brussels, Belgium, in which Karl Marx
Karl Marx
and Friedrich Engels were the dominant personalities. The Communist League
Communist League
is regarded as the first Marxist political party and it was on behalf of this group that Marx and Engels wrote the Communist Manifesto
Communist Manifesto
late in 1847
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International Workingmen's Association
The International Workingmen's Association
International Workingmen's Association
(IWA, 1864–1876), often called the First International, was an international organization which aimed at uniting a variety of different left-wing socialist, communist[1] and anarchist political groups and trade union organizations that were based on the working class and class struggle. It was founded in 1864 in a workmen's meeting held in St Martin's Hall, London. Its first congress was held in 1866 in Geneva. In Europe, a period of harsh reaction followed the widespread Revolutions of 1848. The next major phase of revolutionary activity began almost twenty years later with the founding of the IWA in 1864. At its peak, the IWA reported having 8 million members,[2] while police reported 5 million.[3] In 1872 the organization split in two over conflicts between communist and anarchist factions. It dissolved in 1876
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Anti-capitalism
Anti-capitalism
Anti-capitalism
encompasses a wide variety of movements, ideas and attitudes that oppose capitalism
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Labour Movement
The labour movement or labor movement[1] consists of two main wings, the trade union movement (British English) or labor union movement (American English), also called trade unionism or labor unionism[a] on the one hand, and the political labour movement on the other.The trade union movement consists of the collective organisation of working people developed to represent and campaign for better working conditions and treatment from their employers and, by the implementation of labour and employment laws, from their governments. The standard unit of organisation is the trade union.The political labour movement in many countries includes a political party that represents the interests of employees, often known as a "labour party" or "workers' party"
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Communist International
The Communist International
Communist International
(Comintern), known also as the Third International (1919–1943), was an international communist organization that advocated world communism. The Comintern resolved at its Second Congress to "struggle by all available means, including armed force, for the overthrow of the international bourgeoisie and the creation of an international Soviet republic as a transition stage to the complete abolition of the state".[1] The Comintern was founded after the 1915 Zimmerwald Conference
Zimmerwald Conference
in which Vladimir Lenin
Vladimir Lenin
had organized the " Zimmerwald
Zimmerwald
Left" against those who refused to approve any statement explicitly endorsing socialist revolutionary action, and after the 1916 dissolution of the Second International. The Comintern held seven World Congresses in Moscow between 1919 and 1935
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Fourth International
The Fourth International
Fourth International
(FI) is the Communist
Communist
international organisation consisting of followers of Leon Trotsky, or Trotskyists, with the declared goal of helping the working class bring about socialism and work toward international communism
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Commune
A commune (the French word appearing in the 12th century from Medieval Latin
Latin
communia, meaning a large gathering of people sharing a common life; from Latin
Latin
communis, things held in common)[1] is an intentional community of people living together, sharing common interests, often having common values and beliefs, as well as shared property, possessions, resources, and, in some communes, work, income or assets. In addition to the communal economy, consensus decision-making, non-hierarchical structures and ecological living have become important core principles for many communes
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Thomas More
Sir Thomas More
Thomas More
(/mɔːr/; 7 February 1478 – 6 July 1535), venerated in the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
as Saint Thomas More,[1][2] was an English lawyer, social philosopher, author, statesman, and noted Renaissance humanist. He was also a councillor to Henry VIII, and Lord High Chancellor of England
England
from October 1529 to 16 May 1532.[3] He wrote Utopia, published in 1516, about the political system of an imaginary, ideal island nation. More opposed the Protestant Reformation, in particular the theology of Martin Luther
Martin Luther
and William Tyndale. More also opposed the king's separation from the Catholic Church, refusing to acknowledge Henry as Supreme Head of the Church of England
England
and the annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon. After refusing to take the Oath of Supremacy, he was convicted of treason and beheaded
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