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The third umpire (or TV Umpire) is an off-
field Field may refer to: Expanses of open ground * Field (agriculture), an area of land used for agricultural purposes * Airfield, an aerodrome that lacks the infrastructure of an airport * Battlefield * Lawn, an area of mowed grass * Meadow, a grassl ...
umpire An umpire is an official An official is someone who holds an office (function or Mandate (politics), mandate, regardless whether it carries an actual Office, working space with it) in an organization or government and participates in the exe ...
used in some
cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two Bail (cricket), bai ...

cricket
matches, particularly
international International is an adjective (also used as a noun) meaning "between nations". International may also refer to: Music Albums * ''International'' (Kevin Michael album), 2011 * ''International'' (New Order album), 2002 * ''International'' (The Th ...
matches. Their role is to make the final decision in questions referred to them by the two on-field umpires or the players. The third umpire is also there to act as an emergency on-field umpire if required.


History

The third umpire was conceptualized by former Sri Lankan domestic cricketer, and current cricket writer Mahinda Wijesinghe. It debuted in Test cricket in November 1992 at
KingsmeadKingsmead may refer to: Places in England * Kingsmead, Bath, an electoral ward in Somerset ** Kingsmead Square, Bath * Kingsmead, Cheshire * Kingsmead, a district of Shenley Brook End in Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire Other uses * Kingsmead Col ...
,
Durban Durban ( ) ( zu, eThekwini, from meaning 'the port'), nicknamed ''Durbs'',Ishani ChettyCity nicknames in SA and across the worldArticle on ''news24.com'' from 25 October 2017. Retrieved 2021-03-05.
for the South Africa vs. India series.
Karl Liebenberg Karl Liebenberg (born 22 October 1947) is a former South African umpire (cricket), cricket umpire. He stood in nine Test cricket, Test matches between 1992 and 1995 and 33 One Day International, ODI games between 1992 and 1996. See also * List of ...
was the third umpire with
Cyril Mitchley Cyril (also Cyrillus or Cyryl) is a masculine given name. It is derived from the Greek language, Greek name Κύριλλος (''Kýrillos''), meaning 'lordly, masterful', which in turn derives from Greek κυριος (''kýrios'') 'lord'. There are ...
the on-field umpire, referring the run-out decision in this match.
Sachin Tendulkar Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar (; ; born 24 April 1973) is a former international cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two o ...

Sachin Tendulkar
became the first batsman to be dismissed (
run out Run out is a method of dismissal in cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two opposing teams, in which the action start ...
) by using television replays in the second day of the Test scoring 11.


Appointment

The third umpire is appointed from the
Elite Panel of ICC Umpires The Elite Panel of ICC Umpires is a panel of umpire (cricket), cricket umpires appointed by the International Cricket Council to officiate in Test cricket, Test matches and One Day Internationals around the world. The panel was first established in ...
or the
International Panel of ICC Umpires The International Panel of ICC Umpires was established by the International Cricket Council, ICC in 1994 following trial in 1992/3, to ensure that one neutral umpire would stand in every Test match.Test matchesTest match in some sports refers to a sporting contest between national representative teams and may refer to: * Test cricket * Indoor cricket, Test match (indoor cricket) * Test match (rugby union) * Test match (rugby league) * Test match (associat ...
, ODIs, and T20Is. For all Test matches, and for ODIs where DRS is used, the third umpire is appointed by the
ICC ICC may refer to: Buildings * International Commerce Centre, a skyscraper in Hong Kong * International Commercial Center, a skyscraper in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia * International Convention Centre (disambiguation), any of several convention centers * ...
, and is a different nationality to the two sides. For ODIs where DRS is ''not'' used, and for all T20Is, the third umpire is appointed by the home side's
Governing body A governing body is a group of people that has the authority to exercise governance Governance is all the processes of interactions be they through the laws Law is a system of rules created and law enforcement, enforced through social o ...

Governing body
.


Functions


Decision requests

An on-field umpire can, at his own discretion, use a radio link to refer particular types of close decision to the third umpire, this is called an Umpire Review. When the full
Umpire Decision Review System The Umpire Decision Review System (UDRS or simply DRS) is a technology-based system used in cricket to assist the match officials in their decision-making. On-field Umpire (cricket), umpires may choose to consult with the third umpire (known as a ...
is ''not'' in use, the third umpire uses television replays (only) to assist him in coming to a decision. When the full DRS is in use, players can also initiate reviews of particular decisions by the on-field umpires, this is called a Player Review. These are judged by the third umpire, and the third umpire has the full range of technology available beyond simple replays, for both Umpire Reviews and Player Reviews.


Emergency on-field umpire

In the case of injury or illness to one of the on-field umpires, the third umpire will take his place. The third umpire duties will then be taken on by the
Fourth umpire The fourth umpire (sometimes referred to as the reserve umpire), is a cricket Umpire (cricket), umpire. For all international matches a fourth umpire is required to perform duties like bringing on the new ball, carrying drinks on to the field for th ...
. For example, during the 4th ODI between Australia and India at Canberra in 2015–16, umpire
Richard Kettleborough Richard Allan Kettleborough (born 15 March 1973) is an English international cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two op ...
was injured during Australia's innings and was replaced by third umpire Paul Wilson.


References


See also

*
Fourth umpire The fourth umpire (sometimes referred to as the reserve umpire), is a cricket Umpire (cricket), umpire. For all international matches a fourth umpire is required to perform duties like bringing on the new ball, carrying drinks on to the field for th ...
*
Instant replay in Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) uses instant replay Instant replay or action replay is a video reproduction of something that recently occurred which was both shot and broadcast live TV, live. The video, having already been shown live, is replayed ...
{{Cricket positions Cricket terminology Cricket umpiring Cricket laws and regulations