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A research library is a
library A library is a collection of materials, books or media that are easily accessible for use and not just for display purposes. It is responsible for housing updated information in order to meet the user's needs on a daily basis. A library provi ...

library
which contains an in-depth collection of material on one or several subjects.(Young, 1983; p. 188) A research library will generally include
primary source In the study of history History (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its populatio ...

primary source
s as well as
secondary source In scholarship A scholarship is an award of Student financial aid, financial aid for a student to further their education at a private elementary or secondary school, or a private or public post-secondary college, university, or other academi ...
s. Large university libraries are considered research libraries, and often contain many specialized branch research libraries. Research libraries are established to meet research needs and as such are stocked with authentic materials with quality content. In most cases research libraries are attached to research institutions or organizations.


Services

Research libraries can be either reference libraries, which do not lend their holdings, or lending libraries, which do lend all or some of their holdings. Some extremely large or traditional research libraries are entirely reference in this sense, lending none of their material; most academic research libraries, at least in the U.S., now lend books, but not periodicals or other material. A research library is often connected to the services of the university related to
scholarly communication Scholarly communication involves the creation, publication, dissemination and discovery of academic research, primarily in peer-reviewed journals and books. It is “the system through which research and other scholarly writings are created, evaluat ...
, such as support for
open access journal Open access (OA) is a set of principles and a range of practices through which research outputs are distributed online, free of cost or other access barriers. With open access strictly defined (according to the 2001 definition), or Gratis versu ...
s run by the institution and the operation of an
institutional repository An institutional repository is an archive for collecting, preserving, and disseminating digital copies of the intellectual output of an institution, particularly a research institution.Van de Sompel, H & Lagoze, C. (2000. ''D-lib Magazine'', 6(2). ...
, as well as support for the usage of other institutions' repositories and
open archiveAn open-access repository or open archive is a digital platform that holds research output and provides free, immediate and permanent access to research results for anyone to use, download and distribute. To facilitate open access Open access (O ...
s through discovery tools and
academic search engines This article contains a representative list of notable databases and search engines useful in an academic setting for finding and accessing articles in academic journal An academic or scholarly journal is a periodical publication in which Scholarly ...
like
BASE Base or BASE may refer to: Brands and enterprises * Base (mobile telephony provider), a Belgian mobile telecommunications operator *Base CRM Base CRM (originally Future Simple or PipeJump) is an enterprise software company based in Mountain Vie ...
,
CORE Core or cores may refer to: Science and technology * Core (anatomy) In common parlance, the core of the body is broadly considered to be the torso. Functional movements are highly dependent on this part of the body, and lack of core muscular dev ...
and
Unpaywall OurResearch, formerly known as ImpactStory, is a nonprofit organization A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operated for a ...
.


Gallery

File:Rom, Vatikanische Museen, Großer Saal der Bibliothek, Salone Sistino 1.JPG, The Sistine Hall of the
Vatican Library The Vatican Apostolic Library ( la, Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana, it, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana), more commonly known as the Vatican Library or informally as the Vat, is the library A library is a curated collection of sources of ...
, Vatican City File:Widener Library.jpg,
Widener Library The Harry Elkins Widener Memorial Library, housing some 3.5million books in its "vast and cavernous" stacks (library architecture), stacks, is the centerpiece of the Harvard College Libraries (the libraries of Harvard's Harvard Faculty of Arts and ...

Widener Library
at
Harvard University Harvard University is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly t ...

Harvard University
is one of the largest research libraries in the world File:Folger Reading Room.jpg,
Folger Shakespeare Library The Folger Shakespeare Library is an Subscription library, independent research library on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C., United States. It has the world's largest collection of the printed works of William Shakespeare, and is a primary reposit ...
, Washington DC File:Bibliotheca, Valletta, Malta 001.jpg, The
National Library of Malta The National Library of Malta ( mt, Bibljoteka Nazzjonali ta' Malta), often known as the Bibliotheca ( mt, Bibljoteka), is a reference library A library is a curated collection of sources of information and similar resources, made accessib ...

National Library of Malta
in
Valletta Valletta (, mt, il-Belt Valletta, ) is the capital city of Malta. Located in the South Eastern Region of the Malta (island), main island, between Marsamxett Harbour to the west and the Grand Harbour to the east, its population in 2014 was 6,444, ...

Valletta
File:NDL Tokyo02bs3200.jpg, The
National Diet Library The is the national library of Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep red circle on a white rectangle , image_coat = Imperial Seal of Japan.svg , alt_coat ...
of Japan File:Cmglee Cambridge Trinity College Neviles Court.jpg,
Wren Library The Wren Library is the library of Trinity College, Cambridge, Trinity College in Cambridge. It was designed by Christopher Wren in 1676 and completed in 1695. Description The library is a single large room built over an open colonnade on the ...
,
Trinity CollegeTrinity College may refer to: Australia * Trinity Anglican College, an Anglican Church of Australia, Anglican coeducational primary and secondary school in , New South Wales * Trinity Catholic College, Auburn, a coeducational school in the inner-we ...
,
Cambridge University The University of Cambridge is a collegiate university, collegiate research university in Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom. Founded in 1209 and granted a royal charter by Henry III of England, Henry III in 1231, Cambridge is the second-oldest ...


See also

*
Academic library File:Old Keio University Library 3.jpg, The Old Library of Keio University in Tokyo, Japan An academic library is a library that is attached to a higher education institution and serves two complementary purposes: to support the curriculum, and ...
*
Trends in library usage With over 17,000 libraries A library is a curated collection of sources of information and similar resources, made accessible to a defined community for reference or borrowing. It provides physical or digital access to material, and may be a ...
*
Research Libraries GroupThe Research Libraries Group (RLG) was a U.S.-based library A library is a curated collection of sources of information and similar resources, made accessible to a defined community for reference or borrowing. It provides physical or electroni ...
*
JSTOR JSTOR (; short for ''Journal Storage'') is a digital library founded in 1995 in New York City. Originally containing digitized Digitization


Further reading

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References


External links


Association of Research Libraries
Types of library Research libraries {{library-stub