HOME

TheInfoList




In
video game#REDIRECT Video game A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface or input device such as a joystick, game controller, controller, computer keyboard, keyboard, or motion sensing device to generate visual f ...
s and entertainment systems, a motion controller is a type of
game controller A game controller, gaming controller, or simply controller, is an input device In computing, an input device is a piece of equipment used to provide data and control signals to an information processing system, such as a computer or informatio ...

game controller
that uses accelerometers or other sensors to track motion and provide input.


History

Motion controllers using
accelerometer An accelerometer is a tool that measures . Proper acceleration is the (the of ) of a body in its own instantaneous ; this is different from coordinate acceleration, which is acceleration in a fixed . For example, an accelerometer at rest on the s ...

accelerometer
s are used as controllers for
video game#REDIRECT Video game A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface or input device such as a joystick, game controller, controller, computer keyboard, keyboard, or motion sensing device to generate visual f ...
s, which was made more popular since 2006 by the
Wii Remote The Wii Remote, also known colloquially Colloquialism or colloquial language is the style (sociolinguistics), linguistic style used for casual (informal) communication. It is the most common functional style of speech, the idiom normally employe ...

Wii Remote
controller for Nintendo's
Wii The Wii ( ) is a developed and marketed by . It was first released on November 19, 2006, in North America and in December 2006 for most other of the world. It is Nintendo's fifth major home game console, following the and is a alongsid ...

Wii
console, which uses accelerometers to detect its approximate orientation and acceleration, and serves an image sensor, so it can be used as a pointing device. It was followed by other similar devices, including the ASUS Eee Stick,
Sony , commonly known as Sony and stylized as SONY, is a Japanese multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from mult ...

Sony
PlayStation Move is a motion Image:Leaving Yongsan Station.jpg, 300px, Motion involves a change in position In physics, motion is the phenomenon in which an object changes its position (mathematics), position over time. Motion is mathematically described in ter ...
(which also uses
magnetometer A magnetometer is a device that measures magnetic field A magnetic field is a vector field In vector calculus and physics, a vector field is an assignment of a vector to each point in a subset of space. For instance, a vector field in ...
s to track the Earth's magnetic field and
computer vision Computer vision is an interdisciplinary scientific field that deals with how computer A computer is a machine that can be programmed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically. Modern computers can perform ge ...
via the
PlayStation Eye The PlayStation Eye (trademarked PLAYSTATION Eye) is a digital camera device, similar to a webcam, for the PlayStation 3. The technology uses computer vision and gesture recognition to process images taken by the camera. This allows players to in ...

PlayStation Eye
to aid in position tracking),
Joy-Con Joy-Con are the primary game controllers for the Nintendo Switch The is a video game console developed by Nintendo and released worldwide in most regions on March 3, 2017. The console itself is a tablet that can either be docked for us ...
, and
HP
HP
Swing. The
PlayStation 3 The PlayStation 3 (PS3) is a home video game console developed by Sony Computer Entertainment. It is the successor to PlayStation 2, and is part of the PlayStation brand of consoles. It was first released on November 11, 2006 in Japan, Novem ...
's first controller, the
Sixaxis Sixaxis (trademarked SIXAXIS) is a wireless gamepad produced by Sony is a Japanese Multinational corporation, multinational conglomerate (company), conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo. The company operates as ...

Sixaxis
, included motion sensing at the notable loss of haptic feedback (vibration) due to interference concerns; these features were both included on the later
DualShock 3 The DualShock (originally Dual Shock; trademarked as DUALSHOCK or DUAL SHOCK; later named DualSense) is a line of gamepads with vibration-feedback and analog controls developed by Sony Interactive Entertainment for the PlayStation family of syste ...

DualShock 3
. Other systems use different mechanisms for input, such as Microsoft's
Kinect Kinect is a line of motion sensing Motion detection is the process of detecting a change in the position of an object relative to its surroundings or a change in the surroundings relative to an object. It can be achieved by either Mechanical sy ...
, which combines
infrared Infrared (IR), sometimes called infrared light, is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with wavelengths longer than those of Light, visible light. It is therefore invisible to the human eye. IR is generally understood to encompass wavelengths from ...

infrared
structured light A structured light pattern designed for surface inspection An Automatix Seamtracker arc welding robot equipped with a camera and structured laser light source, enabling the robot to follow a welding seam automatically Structured light is the p ...
and computer vision, and the Razer Hydra, which uses a magnetic field to determine position and orientation. The
Sega AM2 previously known as is a video game development Video game development is the software development, process of developing a video game. The effort is undertaken by a video game developer, developer, ranging from a single person to an inte ...
arcade game An arcade game or coin-op game is a coin-operated entertainment machine typically installed in public businesses such as restaurants, bars and amusement arcades. Most arcade games are presented as primarily game of skill, games of skill and in ...

arcade game
''
Hang-On is an arcade racing game Racing video games are a video game genre Video is an electronic medium for the recording, copying, playback, broadcasting Broadcasting is the distribution of sound, audio or video content to a dispersed ...
'', designed by
Yu Suzuki is a Japanese game designer Game design is the art of applying design and aesthetics to create a game for entertainment or for educational, exercise, or experimental purposes. Increasingly, elements and principles of game design are also ap ...
, was controlled using a
video game arcade cabinet An arcade cabinet, also known as an arcade machine or a coin-op cabinet or coin-op machine, is the housing within which an arcade game's electronic hardware resides. Most cabinets designed since the mid-1980s conform to the Japanese Amusement Mach ...
resembling a motorbike, which the player moved with their body. This began the "Taikan" trend, the use of motion-controlled hydraulic arcade cabinets in many arcade games of the late 1980s, two decades before motion controls became popular on
video game console A video game console is an electronic device that output Output may refer to: * The information produced by a computer, see Input/output In computing, input/output (I/O, or informally io or IO) is the communication between an information pro ...
s. The
Sega Activator The Sega Genesis, known as the outside North America, is a 16-bit 16-bit microcomputers are computers in which 16-bit microprocessors were the norm. A 16-bit register can store 216 different values. The range (computer programming), range o ...
, based on the Light Harp invented by Assaf Gurner, an Israeli musician and Kung Fu martial artist who researched inter disciplinarian concepts to create the experience of playing an instrument using the whole body's motion, was released for the
Mega Drive The Sega Genesis, known as the outside North America, is a 16-bit 16-bit microcomputer A microcomputer is a small, relatively inexpensive computer A computer is a machine that can be programmed to carry out sequences of arithmetic ...

Mega Drive
(Genesis) in 1993. It could read the player's physical movements and was the first controller to allow full-body motion sensing, The original invention related to a 3 octaves musical instrument that could interpret the user's gestures into musical notes via MIDI protocol. The invention was registered as patent initially in Israel on May 11, 1989 after 5 years of R&D. In 1992 the first complete Light Harp was created by Assaf Gurner and Oded Zur and was presented to Sega of America, However, it was a commercial failure due to its "unwieldiness and inaccuracy". Another early motion-sensing device was the
Sega VR The Sega VR is a unreleased virtual reality headset developed by Sega in the early 1990s. Planned as a add-on peripheral for the Sega Genesis and only publicly showcased at a number of trade shows and expositions, its release was postponed and l ...
headset, first announced in 1991. It featured built-in sensors that tracked the player's movement and head position, but was never officially released. Another early example is the 2000
light gun shooter Light gun shooter, also called light gun game or simply gun game, is a Shooter game, shooter video game Video game genres, genre in which the primary design element is aiming and shooting with a Light gun, gun-shaped controller. Light gun shoot ...
arcade game An arcade game or coin-op game is a coin-operated entertainment machine typically installed in public businesses such as restaurants, bars and amusement arcades. Most arcade games are presented as primarily game of skill, games of skill and in ...

arcade game
''
Police 911 ''Police 911'', called in Japan and ''Police 24/7'' in Europe, is a series of light gun shooter arcade games. Konami released the first game in 2000. Unlike earlier light gun games, the game was unique for its motion controller, motion sensing t ...
'', which used motion sensing technology to detect the player's movements, which are reflected by the
player character A player character (also known as a playable character or PC) is a fictional Character (arts), character in a video game or tabletop role-playing game whose actions are controlled by a player rather than the rules of the game. The characters tha ...
within the game. The Atari Mindlink was an early proposed motion controller for the
Atari 2600 The Atari 2600, originally branded as the Atari Video Computer System (Atari VCS) until November 1982, is a home video game console A home video game console is a video game console that is designed to be connected to a display device, suc ...

Atari 2600
, which measured the movement of the user's eyebrows with a fitted headband.


Notable controllers

*
Wii Remote The Wii Remote, also known colloquially Colloquialism or colloquial language is the style (sociolinguistics), linguistic style used for casual (informal) communication. It is the most common functional style of speech, the idiom normally employe ...

Wii Remote
(
Wii The Wii ( ) is a developed and marketed by . It was first released on November 19, 2006, in North America and in December 2006 for most other of the world. It is Nintendo's fifth major home game console, following the and is a alongsid ...

Wii
and
Wii U The Wii U ( ) is a home video game console A home video game console is a video game console A video game console is an electronic device that output Output may refer to: * The information produced by a computer, see Input/output ...
) *
Sixaxis Sixaxis (trademarked SIXAXIS) is a wireless gamepad produced by Sony is a Japanese Multinational corporation, multinational conglomerate (company), conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo. The company operates as ...

Sixaxis
(
PlayStation 3 The PlayStation 3 (PS3) is a home video game console developed by Sony Computer Entertainment. It is the successor to PlayStation 2, and is part of the PlayStation brand of consoles. It was first released on November 11, 2006 in Japan, Novem ...
) *
DualShock 3, 4 and DualSense
DualShock 3, 4 and DualSense
(PlayStation 3,
PlayStation 4 The PlayStation 4 (PS4) is a home video game console A home video game console is a video game console A video game console is an electronic device that output Output may refer to: * The information produced by a computer, see Inpu ...

PlayStation 4
and
PlayStation 5 The PlayStation 5 (PS5) is a home video game console A home video game console is a video game console A video game console is an electronic device that output Output may refer to: * The information produced by a computer, see Inpu ...
) *
PlayStation Move is a motion Image:Leaving Yongsan Station.jpg, 300px, Motion involves a change in position In physics, motion is the phenomenon in which an object changes its position (mathematics), position over time. Motion is mathematically described in ter ...
(PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4 and PlayStation 5) *
Wii U GamePad The Wii U GamePad is the standard game controller for Nintendo's Wii U home video game console. Incorporating traits from tablet computers, the GamePad has traditional input methods (such as buttons, dual analog sticks, and a D-pad), touchscreen c ...
(Wii U) *
Kinect Kinect is a line of motion sensing Motion detection is the process of detecting a change in the position of an object relative to its surroundings or a change in the surroundings relative to an object. It can be achieved by either Mechanical sy ...
(
Xbox 360 The Xbox 360 is a home video game console A home video game console is a video game console A video game console is an electronic device that output Output may refer to: * The information produced by a computer, see Input/output I ...

Xbox 360
and
Xbox One The Xbox One is a line of home video game console A home video game console is a video game console A video game console is an electronic device that output Output may refer to: * The information produced by a computer, see Input/o ...

Xbox One
) * Razer Hydra *
Joy-Con Joy-Con are the primary game controllers for the Nintendo Switch The is a video game console developed by Nintendo and released worldwide in most regions on March 3, 2017. The console itself is a tablet that can either be docked for us ...
and
Nintendo Switch Pro Controller
Nintendo Switch Pro Controller
(
Nintendo Switch The is a video game console A video game console is an electronic device that output Output may refer to: * The information produced by a computer, see Input/output In computing, input/output (I/O, or informally io or IO) is the comm ...
) *
Steam Controller The Steam Controller is a game controller developed by Valve A valve is a device or Heart valve, natural object that regulates, directs or controls the flow of a fluid (gases, liquids, fluidized solids, or slurries) by opening, closing, or ...

Steam Controller


See also

* 3D motion controller *
Gesture recognition A gesture is a form of non-verbal communication or non-vocal communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share") is the act of developing Semantics, meaning among Subject (philosophy), entities or Organization, gro ...

Gesture recognition
*
Motion capture Motion capture (sometimes referred as mo-cap or mocap, for short) is the process of recording the movement Movement may refer to: Common uses * Movement (clockwork), the internal mechanism of a timepiece * Motion (physics), commonly referr ...
*
Virtual reality headset A virtual reality headset is a head-mounted device that provides virtual reality for the wearer. Virtual reality (VR) headsets are widely used with video games but they are also used in other applications, including simulators and trainers. Th ...


References

{{Reflist Video game controllers American inventions