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Hit wicket is a method of dismissal in the sport of
cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two Bail (cricket), bai ...

cricket
. This method of dismissal is governed by Law 35 of the
Laws of Cricket The ''Laws of Cricket'' is a code which specifies the rules of the game of cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two oppos ...
. The striker is out "hit wicket" if, after the bowler has entered his delivery stride and while the ball is in play, his wicket is put down by his bat or his person. The striker may do this whilst preparing to receive or receiving a delivery or in setting off for his first run after playing the delivery. In simple language, if the striking batsman knocks the bails off the stumps or uproots the stumps, while attempting to hit the ball or take off for a run, he is out hit wicket. This method is the sixth most common method of dismissal after
caught Caught is a method of dismissing a batsman In cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with ...
,
bowled In cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two opposing teams, in which the action starts when the defending team throws a ba ...
,
leg before wicket Leg before wicket (lbw) is one of the ways in which a batsman In cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricke ...
,
run out Run out is a method of Dismissal (cricket), dismissal in cricket, governed by Law 38 of the Laws of cricket, Laws of Cricket. A run out usually occurs when the batsmen are attempting to run between the Wicket, wickets, and the fielding team suc ...
and
stumped Stumped is a method of dismissal (cricket), dismissing a batsman in cricket, which involves the wicket-keeper putting down the wicket while the batsman is out of his Ground (cricket), ground. (The batsman leaves his ground when he has moved dow ...
. It is significantly rarer than any of these, which constitute the five conventional methods, but still much more common than the other four (
timed out Timed out is a method of dismissal in the sport of cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wic ...
,
obstructing the field Obstructing the field is one of the ten methods of dismissing a batsman In cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a ...
,
retired out In cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two opposing teams, in which the action starts when the defending team throws a ...
and
hit the ball twiceHit the ball twice, or ''"double-hit"'', is a method of dismissal in the sport of cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cr ...
), which are extremely rare. Although a bowler is given credit for the wicket, it is not a method of dismissal that a bowler actively seeks. A batsman may not be given out "hit wicket" if the ball is not actually delivered by the bowler or if the delivery is a
no-ball In cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two Bail ...
. , batsmen have been dismissed hit wicket a total of 163 times in
Test cricket Test cricket is the form of the sport of cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wi ...
, 73 times in
One Day International A One Day International (ODI) is a form of limited overs cricket Limited overs cricket, also known as one-day cricket, is a version of the sport of cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball ga ...
s and 18 in
Twenty20 International A Twenty20 International (T20I) is a form of cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two opposing teams, in which the acti ...
s. In the women's game, a player has been dismissed 12 times in this manner in
Tests Test(s), testing, or TEST may refer to: * Test (assessment) A test or examination (exam or evaluation) is an educational assessment intended to measure a test-taker's knowledge, skill, aptitude, physical fitness, or classification in many ...
, seven in women's ODIs, and seven in
women's Twenty20 International Women's Twenty20 International (WT20I) is the shortest form of women's cricket, women's international cricket. A Women's Twenty20 cricket, women's Twenty20 International is a 20 Over (cricket), overs-per-side cricket match between two of the Inte ...
matches.


Notable dismissals

Due to the rarity of this method of dismissal, many occurrences in international cricket are notable.


Commentary gaffe

On 9 August 1991, during a match between
England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. E ...
and the
West Indies The West Indies are a subregion A subregion is a part of a larger region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, in ...
at
the Oval The Oval, known for Naming rights#Stadium naming, sponsorship reasons as the Kia Oval, is an international cricket ground in Kennington, in the London Borough of Lambeth, in south London. The Oval has been the home ground of Surrey County Cri ...

the Oval
,
Ian Botham Sir Ian Terence Botham, Baron Botham, (born 24 November 1955) is an English cricket commentator, member of the House of Lords and a former cricketer who has been chairman of Durham County Cricket Club since 2017. Hailed as one of the greatest ...
fell over his stumps whilst attempting to hook
Curtly Ambrose Sir Curtly Elconn Lynwall Ambrose KCN (born 21 September 1963) is an Antigua Antigua ( ), also known as Waladli or Wadadli by the native population, is an island in the Lesser Antilles The Lesser Antilles ( es, link=no, Pequeñas A ...
and so was dismissed "hit wicket". Later in the day,
Brian Johnston Brian Alexander Johnston (24 June 1912 – 5 January 1994), nicknamed Johnners, was a British cricket commentator, author, and television presenter. He was most prominently associated with the BBC during a career which lasted from 1946 until his ...

Brian Johnston
of BBC Radio's ''
Test Match Special ''Test Match Special'' (also known as ''TMS'') is a British sports radio Sports radio (or sports talk radio) is a radio format A radio format or programming format (not to be confused with broadcast programming) describes the overall content br ...
'' read out the details of the scorecard as normal. When he came to Botham's dismissal, his fellow presenter
Jonathan Agnew Jonathan Philip Agnew, (born 4 April 1960) is an English cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch wi ...

Jonathan Agnew
commented that Botham 'just didn't quite get his leg over'. This was a
double entendre A double entendre (plural double entendres) is a figure of speech or a particular way of wording that is devised to have a double meaning, of which one is typically obvious, whereas the other often conveys a message that would be too socially aw ...
meaning that he was not able to avoid hitting his stumps by getting his leg higher than the stumps, and also a reference to sex. Johnston slowly started laughing until he could commentate no more, leaving about a minute of broadcasting being just him in a fit of giggles.


Disintegrating bat

In the first innings of the 3rd Test in the 1921 Ashes series, at
Headingley Headingley is a suburb A suburb (or suburban area or suburbia) is a commercial Commercial may refer to: * a dose of advertising conveyed through media (such as - for example - radio or television) ** Radio advertisement ** Televis ...
,
Andy Ducat Andrew Ducat (16 February 1886 – 23 July 1942) was an English cricket team, England and Surrey County Cricket Club, Surrey cricketer and an English football team, England association football, footballer, being one of an elite group to have re ...
, playing in his only Test for England, fended at a fast ball bowled by
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, sma ...
's
Ted McDonald Edgar Arthur "Ted" McDonald (6 January 1891 – 22 July 1937) was a cricketer Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two opposing ...

Ted McDonald
. Ducat's bat broke, and a splinter flew back and dislodged a bail, the ball being caught behind by a slip fielder. Ducat was given out "caught", although it seems likely that he could also have been given out "hit wicket". Later in 1921, in the 2nd Test between Australia and
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 60 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of . South Africa has three capital citie ...
at
Old Wanderers Old Wanderers was a cricket ground in Johannesburg, South Africa. The ground hosted 22 Test cricket, Test matches from 1895 to 1939, before being rebuilt as Johannesburg, Johannesburg's Johannesburg Park Station, Park Station in 1946. It has since ...
in
Johannesburg Johannesburg (, also ; ; Zulu language, Zulu and xh, eGoli ), informally known as Jozi, Joburg, or "The City of Gold", is the largest city in South Africa, classified as a Megacity#List of megacities, megacity, and is List of urban areas by ...

Johannesburg
, McDonald dismissed Billy Zulch in a similar fashion, breaking the batsman's bat so that fragments flew back to dislodge a bail, and Zulch was given out "hit wicket". After these incidents, the MCC clarified that the whole bat must break the wicket for the batsman to be given out "hit wicket". However, effective 1 October 2010, this law has been changed to allow a batsman to be dismissed "hit wicket" if a splinter, or part of his bat, breaks the wicket.


Flying gloves

Playing for
Derbyshire Derbyshire (; or ) is a county in the East Midlands of England. It includes much of the Peak District, Peak District National Park, the southern end of the Pennines, Pennine range of hills, and part of the The National Forest (England), Nation ...
against
Surrey Surrey () is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers (publisher), William and R ...
at
the Oval The Oval, known for Naming rights#Stadium naming, sponsorship reasons as the Kia Oval, is an international cricket ground in Kennington, in the London Borough of Lambeth, in south London. The Oval has been the home ground of Surrey County Cri ...

the Oval
in 1953, Alan Revill's hand was hit by a lifting delivery from
Alec Bedser Sir Alec Victor Bedser (4 July 1918 – 4 April 2010) was a professional English cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of whic ...
. Revill shook his hand in pain, and his glove flew off, hit the stumps, and dislodged a bail. The umpire considered that Revill was still "playing at the ball", and he was dismissed "hit wicket".


Falling headgear

In Test cricket, a number of batsmen have been out "hit wicket" as a result of headgear falling onto the stumps. In the 2nd Test between Australia and the West Indies in
Melbourne Melbourne ( ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller ...

Melbourne
in 1960–61 (the Test immediately after the famous
Tied Test A tied Test is a Test cricket'' Test cricket is the form of the sport of cricket with the longest match duration, and is considered the game's highest standard. Rotary Test matches are played between national representative teams that have bee ...
at
Brisbane Brisbane ( ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller low ...

Brisbane
),
Joe Solomon Joseph Stanislaus Solomon (born 26 August 1930) is a former West Indian cricketer Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two oppos ...
was first out in the second innings, following on. Playing back to a
topspinner {{Bowling techniques sidebar , expanded=all A topspinner is a type of delivery bowled by a cricketer bowling either wrist spin or finger spin. In either case, the bowler imparts the ball with top spin by twisting it with his or her fingers prior to ...
bowled by
Richie Benaud Richard Benaud (; 6 October 1930 – 10 April 2015) was an Australian cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two opposi ...

Richie Benaud
, his cap fell off and dislodged a bail, so he was out "hit wicket". The Australian crowd thought the dismissal was unsporting, and booed their own side. In Warwickshire's County Championship match against Hampshire at Edgbaston in 1962, M. J. K. Smith was dismissed when a gust of wind blew his cap on to his wicket. Two
Indian Indian or Indians refers to people or things related to India, or to the indigenous people of the Americas, or Aboriginal Australians until the 19th century. People South Asia * Indian people, people of Indian nationality, or people who come ...

Indian
cricketers have been dismissed in a similar fashion –
Ashok Mankad Ashok Vinoo Mankad (12 October 1946 – 1 August 2008) was an Indian cricket team, Indian cricketer. A right-handed batsman, he played for India national cricket team, India in 22 Test cricket, Test matches. Ashok Mankad was born in a Nagar Br ...
by England's
Chris Old Chris Old (born Christopher Middleton Old, 22 December 1948) is a former English cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which ...
during the 3rd Test at
Edgbaston Edgbaston () is an affluent suburban area of central Birmingham, England, historically in Warwickshire, and curved around the southwest of the city centre. In the 19th century, the area was under the control of the Gough-Calthorpe family an ...

Edgbaston
in July 1974, and
Dilip Vengsarkar Dilip Balwant Vengsarkar (born 6 April 1956) is a former Indian cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two opposing teams ...
by Australia's
Jeff Thomson Jeffrey Robert Thomson (born 16 August 1950) is a former Australian cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch ...
during the 1st Test at Brisbane in December 1977. In the 3rd
One Day International A One Day International (ODI) is a form of limited overs cricket Limited overs cricket, also known as one-day cricket, is a version of the sport of cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball ga ...
between
New Zealand New Zealand ( mi, Aotearoa ''Aotearoa'' (; commonly pronounced by English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon Engl ...
and Australia in
Dunedin Dunedin ( ; mi, Ōtepoti) is the second-largest city in the South Island The South Island, also officially named , is the larger of the two major in surface area, the other being the smaller but more populous . It is bordered to the nort ...

Dunedin
in February 2000, New Zealand's
Adam Parore Adam Craig Parore (born 23 January 1971) is a former wicket-keeper and batsman for the New Zealand cricket team. He played 78 Test cricket matches for New Zealand and 179 One Day International cricket matches. Latterly, Parore is the managing di ...
had his helmet knocked off by a short-pitched delivery from
Brett Lee Brett Lee (born 8 November 1976) is an Australian former international cricketer, who played all three formats of the game. During his international career, Lee was recognised as one of the fastest bowlers in the world. In each of his first two ...

Brett Lee
. The helmet fell into the stumps, and Parore was also out "hit wicket", causing some disturbance in the crowd. In the 3rd Test between England and West Indies at
Old Trafford Old Trafford () is a football Football is a family of team sport A team is a Old Trafford Old Trafford () is a association football, football stadium in Old Trafford (area), Old Trafford, Greater Manchester, England, and the hom ...
on 9 June 2007,
Kevin Pietersen Kevin Peter Pietersen (born 27 June 1980) is a cricket commentator and former England international player. He is a right-handed batsman and occasional off spin Bowler (cricket), bowler who played in all three formats for England cricket team, ...

Kevin Pietersen
was out "hit wicket" when his helmet fell onto the stumps. The bowler was
Dwayne Bravo Dwayne John Bravo (born 7 October 1983) is a Trinidadian cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch w ...

Dwayne Bravo
, who bowled a good bouncer that dislodged the helmet. Replays suggested that the force of the ball broke the chinstrap, freeing the lid to strike the stumps.


Other strange hit wicket dismissals

Pakistan Pakistan, . Pronounced variably in English as , , , and . officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world's List of countries and dependencies by population, fifth-most populous country, with a popul ...
's
Inzamam-ul-Haq Syed Inzamam-ul-Haq ( ur, ; born 3 March 1970), also known as Inzi, is a Pakistani cricket coach and former Pakistan cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field ...

Inzamam-ul-Haq
was also out "hit wicket" in the 3rd Test against England at Headingley on 6 August 2006, as he attempted to sweep England spinner
Monty Panesar Mudhsuden Singh "Monty" Panesar ( Punjabi: ਮਧੁਸੂਦਨ ਸਿੰਘ ਪਨੇਸਰ, born 25 April 1982) is a former English international cricketer. A left-arm spinner, Panesar made his Test cricket'' Test cricket is the form o ...

Monty Panesar
and in doing so lost his balance before falling backwards onto his stumps. He attempted to jump over the stumps, but completely fell on top of them. One of the more bizarre hit wicket dismissals was of
Sri Lanka national cricket team The Sri Lanka National Men's Cricket Team, ( si, ශ්‍රී ලංකා ජාතික ක්‍රිකට් කණ්ඩායම, Tamil:இலங்கை தேசிய கிரிக்கெட் அணி) nicknamed The Lions ...
former captain
Kumar Sangakkara Kumar Chokshanada Sangakkara ( si, කුමාර් චොක්ශනාද සංගක්කාර; born 27 October 1977) is a Sri Lankan cricket commentator, cricketer , former captain of the Sri Lanka national cricket team The Sri Lan ...

Kumar Sangakkara
in the finals of the triangular ODI Compaq Cup against India at Colombo on 14 September 2009, as he attempted a shot and in the follow through his bat slipped out of his hands, flew backwards in the air and landed on the stumps. On 1 December 2017, West Indian player
Sunil Ambris Sunil Walford Ambris (born 23 March 1993) is a Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Vincentian professional cricketer who has played for the Windward Islands cricket team, Windward Islands and the Combined Campuses and Colleges cricket team, Combined ...
became the first player to be dismissed hit wicket on debut, also getting out for a golden duck. He proceeded to get out the same way in the very next game, becoming the only player to be out this way twice in consecutive games.


References

*Gerald Brodribb, ''Next Man In'', Chapter 35, Souvenir Press (1995) {{Methods of dismissal in cricket Cricket laws and regulations Cricket terminology