HOME

TheInfoList




In
epistemology Epistemology (; ) is the Outline of philosophy, branch of philosophy concerned with knowledge. Epistemologists study the nature, origin, and scope of knowledge, epistemic Justification (epistemology), justification, the Reason, rationality o ...

epistemology
, descriptive knowledge (also known as propositional knowledge, knowing-that, declarative knowledge, or constative knowledge) is
knowledge Knowledge is a familiarity or awareness, of someone or something, such as facts A fact is something that is truth, true. The usual test for a statement of fact is verifiability—that is whether it can be demonstrated to correspond to e ...
that can be expressed in a
declarative sentence In linguistics and grammar, a sentence is a linguistic expression, such as the English example "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, The quick brown fox ''jumps'' over the lazy dog." In traditional grammar, it is typically defined as a stri ...
or an indicative
proposition In logic Logic is an interdisciplinary field which studies truth and reasoning Reason is the capacity of consciously making sense of things, applying logic Logic (from Ancient Greek, Greek: grc, wikt:λογική, λογική, lab ...
. "Knowing-that" can be contrasted with "knowing-how" (also known as "
procedural knowledge Procedural knowledge (also known as knowing-how, and sometimes referred to as practical knowledge, imperative knowledge, or performative knowledge) is the knowledge exercised in the performance of some task. Unlike descriptive knowledgeIn epistemolo ...
"), which is knowing how to perform some task, including knowing how to perform it skillfully. It can also be contrasted with "knowing of" (better known as "
knowledge by acquaintance In philosophy Philosophy (from , ) is the study of general and fundamental questions, such as those about reason, Metaphysics, existence, Epistemology, knowledge, Ethics, values, Philosophy of mind, mind, and Philosophy of language, la ...
"), which is non-propositional knowledge of something which is constituted by familiarity with it or direct awareness of it. By definition, descriptive knowledge is knowledge of particular facts, as potentially expressed by our theories, concepts, principles, schemas, and ideas. The descriptive knowledge that a person possesses constitute their understanding of the world and the way that it works. The distinction between knowing-how and knowing-that was brought to prominence in
epistemology Epistemology (; ) is the Outline of philosophy, branch of philosophy concerned with knowledge. Epistemologists study the nature, origin, and scope of knowledge, epistemic Justification (epistemology), justification, the Reason, rationality o ...

epistemology
by
Gilbert Ryle Gilbert Ryle (1900–1976) was a British philosopher, principally known for his critique of Cartesian dualismCartesian means of or relating to the French philosopher René Descartes—from his Latinized name ''Cartesius''. It may refer to: ...
who used it in his book ''
The Concept of Mind ''The Concept of Mind'' is a 1949 book by philosopher Gilbert Ryle, in which the author argues that "mind" is "a philosophical illusion hailing chiefly from René Descartes René Descartes ( or ; ; Latinized: Renatus Cartesius; 31 March 1 ...
''. For Ryle, the former differs in its emphasis and purpose, since it is primarily practical knowledge, whereas the latter focuses on indicative or explanatory knowledge.


See also

*
Explicit knowledge Explicit knowledge (also expressive knowledge) is knowledge Knowledge is a familiarity or awareness, of someone or something, such as facts A fact is something that is truth, true. The usual test for a statement of fact is verifiabilit ...
* ''
Conversazione A ''conversazione'' is a "social gathering redominantlyheld by learned or art society" for conversation and discussion, especially about the arts, literature, medicine, and science. ::It would not be easy to devise a happier way [than the '' ...

Conversazione
''


References


External links


Knowledge by Acquaintance vs. Description
Entry from the ''Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy''.
Knowledge How
Entry from the ''Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy''. Knowledge {{philosophy-stub