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Wittstock/Dosse is a
town A town is a human settlement. Towns are generally larger than villages and smaller than city, cities, though the criteria to distinguish between them vary considerably in different parts of the world. Origin and use The word "town" shares a ...
in the
Ostprignitz-Ruppin Ostprignitz-Ruppin is a ''Kreis'' (district) in the northwestern part of Brandenburg Brandenburg (, also , ; nds, Brannenborg; dsb, Bramborska) is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'' ...
district, in north-western
Brandenburg Brandenburg (, also , ; nds, Brannenborg; dsb, Bramborska) is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ...

Brandenburg
,
Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin Berlin (; ) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities in Germany by population, largest city of Germany by both area and population. Its 3,769,495 inh ...

Germany
.


Geography

It is located in the eastern
Prignitz Prignitz () is a ''Kreis'' (district) in the northwestern part of Brandenburg, Germany. Neighboring are (from the north clockwise) the district Ludwigslust-Parchim in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, the district Ostprignitz-Ruppin in Brandenburg, th ...
region on the Dosse River near the confluence with its
Glinze Glinze is a river of Brandenburg, Germany. It is a tributary of the Dosse (river), Dosse, which it joins in Wittstock. See also

*List of rivers of Brandenburg Rivers of Brandenburg Rivers of Germany {{Brandenburg-river-stub ...
tributary, about east of Pritzwalk and northwest of Berlin. Wittstock is situated in a terminal moraine landscape south of the Mecklenburg Lake District.


Town structure

After the incorporation of several suburban villages in December 1993 and again in October 2003, Wittstock became the 6th largest town in Germany by area. However, the former independent districts Herzsprung and Königsberg, which were forced to be integrated in 2003, regained their independence in 2004, claiming that the compulsive integration was void because of a clerical error. Both districts were still under the overview of the department of Wittstock. Since 2005, Herzsprung and Königsberg are parts of the commune Heiligengrabe, so the size of the town decreased. The current districts of Wittstock/Dosse:


Demography

File:Bevölkerungsentwicklung Wittstock.pdf, Development of population since 1875 within the current Boundaries (Blue Line: Population; Dotted Line: Comparison to Population development in Brandenburg state; Grey Background: Time of Nazi Germany; Red Background: Time of communist East Germany) File:Bevölkerungsprognosen Wittstock.pdf, Recent Population Development and Projections (Population Development before Census 2011 (blue line); Recent Population Development according to the Census in Germany in 2011 (blue bordered line); Official projections for 2005-2030 (yellow line); for 2017-2030 (scarlet line); for 2020-2030 (green line)


History

Wittstock resulted from a Polabian Slavs, Slavic settlement and was first mentioned in the deed of formation for the Bishopric of Havelberg in 946. The name is possibly derived from ''vysoka'' ("high-lying") in the language of the local Polabians, Polabian tribes, it was later Germanization, Germanized into ''Wiztok'' (1271), ''Witzstock'' (1284) and ''Witstock'' (1441), adapted folk-etymologically to Low German ''witt'' ("white") and ''stock'' ("rootstock"). Obtaining the Stendal town charter on 13 September 1248 from the hands of the Havelberg Prince-bishop Henry I, it is one of the oldest towns of Electorate of Brandenburg, Brandenburg. In 1251, Wittstock received an imprint of the town seal, which was one of the oldest in Brandenburg, too. Wittstock Castle, which had been built from 1244 onwards onto a Slavic foundation, served as the residence of the Havelberg Prince-bishops from 1271; it is therefore also designated Old Bishop Castle (''Alte Bischofsburg''). The Havelberg era ended with the Protestant Reformation and the death of the last Catholic Church, Catholic Prince-bishop Busso von Alvensleben at Wittstock Castle in 1548. Up to the Thirty Years' War, the fortress was a secure stronghold—until it became the site of the 1636 Battle of Wittstock, when the troops of the Swedish Empire under Field Marshals Johan Banér and Alexander Leslie, 1st Earl of Leven, Alexander Leslie defeated the allied Holy Roman Empire, Imperial and Electorate of Saxony, Saxon forces under Elector John George I, Elector of Saxony, John George I of Saxony. Followed by the outbreak of a Plague (disease), plague epidemic two years later, Wittstock remained devastated and lost about half of its population. The redevelopment of the town was launched by the "Great Elector" Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg, Frederick William in 1658. About 1750, numerous colonists descending from Electorate of Württemberg, Württemberg and the Electoral Palatinate, Palatinate settled the region.


Politics

Seats in the town's assembly (''Stadtverordnetenversammlung'') as of 2008 local elections: *Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD): 7 *Christian Democratic Union (Germany), Christian Democratic Union: 7 *The Left (Germany), The Left: 6 *Free Voters Prignitz-Ruppin: 4 *Free Democratic Party (Germany), Free Democratic Party: 2 *Farmers' association voting bloc: 2


Sports

Wolfe Wittstock is a motorcycle speedway club that competes in Polish 2nd Division (3rd level of the Polish league system)


Twin town

Wittstock is town twinning, twinned with: * Höganäs in Sweden ''(since 2004)''


Sights

The town's main historic monument is the Brick Gothic St Mary's Church, dating back to c. 1240. Significantly enlarged as a hall church in the late 13th century and repleted with a carved altar by Claus Berg, it was used as a cathedral by the Havelberg bishops. The Bishop's Castle was greatly restored in the 1990s and today houses a Thirty Years' War museum. Much of the elaborate late medieval defences still surround the old centre, including a 13th-century gate tower, the Daberburg ''bergfried'' north of the town, and a long city wall. The wall's height, originally , today is about 4 to 7 metres.


Personality


Freemen

* Kurt Zellmer, Superintendent: December 12, 2009 * Wolfgang Dost, historian, in honor of his contributions to the cultural life of the city: September 24, 2011


Sons and daughters of the town

* Ellen Streidt (born 1952), sprinter, medalist at the 1976 Summer Olympics * Ina Muhss (born 1957), politician (SPD), since 2010 a member of the Landtag Brandenburg, Brandenburg Landtag * Thomas Skulski (born 1959), journalist and television presenter * Egmont Hamelow (born 1963), local politician (Christian Democratic Union (Germany), CDU)


Personalities who were active in

* Friedrich Hermann Lütkemüller (1815-1897), organ builder, lived from 1844 until his death in Wittstock * Melli Beese (1886-1925), Germany's first female pilot, was here during World War I, First World War interned along with her husband Charles Boutard


Medal

The ''Medal of Honor Wittstock'' was awarded to: * 2010 Regina Melzer for services within the People's Solidarity and Wolfgang Wilcke for his involvement in the turnaround time


References


External links

* {{Authority control Localities in Ostprignitz-Ruppin Province of Brandenburg Bezirk Potsdam