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Wimbledon is a district and town of southwest
London London is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller lowerc ...

London
, England, southwest of the centre of London at
Charing Cross Charing Cross ( ) is a junction and its focal marker in London London is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger upper ...

Charing Cross
; it is the main commercial centre of the
London Borough of Merton The London Borough of Merton () is a London borough, borough in south-west London, England. The borough was formed under the London Government Act 1963 in 1965 by the merger of the Municipal Borough of Mitcham, the Municipal Borough of Wimbledo ...
. Wimbledon had a population of 68,187 in 2011 which includes the electoral wards of Abbey, Dundonald, Hillside, Trinity, Village, Raynes Park and Wimbledon Park. It is home to the
Wimbledon Tennis Championships The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly known simply as Wimbledon or The Championships, is the oldest tennis tournament in the world and is widely regarded as the most prestigious. It has been held at the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, ...
and
New Wimbledon Theatre The New Wimbledon Theatre is situated on the Broadway, Wimbledon, London Wimbledon is a district and town of southwest London, England, southwest of the centre of London at Charing Cross; it is the main commercial centre of the London Bor ...

New Wimbledon Theatre
, and contains
Wimbledon Common 260px, The windmill on Wimbledon Common in February 2005 Wimbledon Common is a large open space in Wimbledon, southwest London. There are three named areas: Wimbledon Common, Putney Heath, and Putney Lower Common, which together are managed u ...
, one of the largest areas of
common land Common land is land owned by a person or collectively by a number of persons, over which other persons have certain common rights, such as to allow their livestock to graze upon it, to collect wood, or to cut turf for fuel. A person who has a ...
in London. The residential and retail area is split into two sections known as the "village" and the "town", with the High Street being the rebuilding of the original medieval village, and the "town" having first developed gradually after the building of the railway station in 1838. Wimbledon has been inhabited since at least the
Iron Age The Iron Age is the final epoch of the three-age division of the prehistory Prehistory, also known as pre-literary history, is the period of human history Human history, or world history, is the narrative of Human, humanity's pa ...
when the
hill fort A hillfort is a type of earthwork used as a fortified A fortification is a military A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare. It is typically ...
on Wimbledon Common is thought to have been constructed. In 1086 when the
Domesday Book Domesday Book () – the Middle English Middle English (abbreviated to ME) was a form of the English language spoken after the Norman conquest of England, Norman conquest (1066) until the late 15th century. The English language underwent ...
was compiled, Wimbledon was part of the manor of
Mortlake Mortlake is a suburban district of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames on the south bank of the River Thames between Kew and Barnes, London, Barnes. Historically it was part of Surrey and until 1965 was in the Municipal Borough of Barnes ...
. The ownership of the manor of Wimbledon changed between various wealthy families many times during its history, and the area also attracted other wealthy families who built large houses such as Eagle House,
Wimbledon Manor House Wimbledon manor house; the residence of the lord of the manor, was an English country house An English country house is a large house or mansion in the English countryside. Such houses were often owned by individuals who also owned a Townhous ...

Wimbledon Manor House
and Warren House. The village developed with a stable rural population coexisting with nobility and wealthy merchants from the city. In the 18th century the ''Dog and Fox'' public house became a stop on the
stagecoach A stagecoach is a four-wheeled public transport Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, mass transit, or simply transit) is a system of transport Transport (commonly used in the U.K.), or transportation ...

stagecoach
run from London to
Portsmouth Portsmouth ( ) is a port and island city status in the United Kingdom, city with Unitary authorities of England, unitary authority status in the ceremonial county of Hampshire, southern England. It is the most densely populated city in the Unit ...

Portsmouth
, then in 1838 the
London and South Western Railway The London and South Western Railway (LSWR or L&SWR) was a railway Rail transport (also known as train transport) is a means of transferring passengers and goods on wheeled vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine that ...
(L&SWR) opened a station to the southeast of the village at the bottom of Wimbledon Hill. The location of the station shifted the focus of the town's subsequent growth away from the original village centre. Wimbledon had its own borough while still in the county of
Surrey Surrey () is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers (publisher), William and R ...

Surrey
; it was absorbed into the London Borough of Merton as part of the creation of
Greater London Greater London is an Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England, administrative area governed by the Greater London Authority, and a Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county of England that covers the bulk of the same area ...

Greater London
in 1965. Wimbledon has established
minority groups A minority group, by its original definition, refers to a group of people whose practices, race, religion, ethnicity, or other characteristics are fewer in numbers than the main groups of those classifications. However, in present-day sociology, ...
; among the prominent ones being
British Asian Asian British people (also referred to as British Asians or Asian Britons) are a multi-ethnic group of UK residents who identify as and are perceived to be Asian people. They constitute a significant and growing minority of the people living in ...

British Asian
s (including
British Sri Lankans British Sri Lankans ( si, බ්‍රිතාන්‍ය ශ්‍රී ලාංකිකයන්, , ta, பிரித்தானிய இலங்கையர்) are a demographic construct that contains people who can trace their anc ...
), British Ghanaians,
Polish Polish may refer to: * Anything from or related to Poland Poland ( pl, Polska ), officially the Republic of Poland ( pl, Rzeczpospolita Polska, links=no ), is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 Voivodeships of Pol ...

Polish
and
Irish Irish most commonly refers to: * Someone or something of, from, or related to: ** Ireland, an island situated off the north-western coast of continental Europe ** Northern Ireland, a constituent unit of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and North ...

Irish
.


History


Early history

Wimbledon has been inhabited since at least the
Iron Age The Iron Age is the final epoch of the three-age division of the prehistory Prehistory, also known as pre-literary history, is the period of human history Human history, or world history, is the narrative of Human, humanity's pa ...
when the
hill fort A hillfort is a type of earthwork used as a fortified A fortification is a military A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare. It is typically ...
on
Wimbledon Common 260px, The windmill on Wimbledon Common in February 2005 Wimbledon Common is a large open space in Wimbledon, southwest London. There are three named areas: Wimbledon Common, Putney Heath, and Putney Lower Common, which together are managed u ...
, the second-largest in London, is thought to have been constructed. The original
nucleus ''Nucleus'' (plural nuclei) is a Latin word for the seed inside a fruit. It most often refers to: *Atomic nucleus, the very dense central region of an atom *Cell nucleus, a central organelle of a eukaryotic cell, containing most of the cell's DNA ...
of Wimbledon was at the top of the hill close to the common – the area now known locally as "the village". The village is referred to as "Wimbedounyng" in a charter signed by King Edgar the Peaceful in 967. The name Wimbledon means "Wynnman's hill", with the final element of the name being the Celtic "dun" (hill). The name is shown on J. Cary's 1786 map of the London area as "Wimbleton", and the current spelling appears to have been settled on relatively recently in the early 19th century, the last in a long line of variations. At the time the
Domesday Book Domesday Book () – the Middle English Middle English (abbreviated to ME) was a form of the English language spoken after the Norman conquest of England, Norman conquest (1066) until the late 15th century. The English language underwent ...
was compiled (around 1086), Wimbledon was part of the
manor Manor may refer to: Land tenure *Manor, the land belonging to the Lord of the manor under manorialism in parts of medieval Europe, notably England *Manor house, the main residence of the lord of the manor *Lord of the manor, the landholder of a ma ...
of
Mortlake Mortlake is a suburban district of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames on the south bank of the River Thames between Kew and Barnes, London, Barnes. Historically it was part of Surrey and until 1965 was in the Municipal Borough of Barnes ...
, and so was not recorded. The ownership of the manor of Wimbledon changed hands many times during its history. The manor was held by the church until 1398 when
Thomas Arundel Thomas Arundel (1353 – 19 February 1414) was an English clergyman who served as Lord Chancellor The Lord Chancellor, formally the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, is the highest-ranking among the Great Officer of State, Great ...

Thomas Arundel
,
Archbishop of Canterbury The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop A bishop is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Clergy#Christianity, Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight. Within the Cat ...
fell out of favour with
Richard II Richard II (6 January 1367 – c. 14 February 1400), also known as Richard of Bordeaux, was King of England from 1377 until he was List of deposed politicians, deposed in 1399. Richard's father, Edward the Black Prince, Edward, Prince of ...

Richard II
and was exiled. The manor was confiscated and became crown property. The manor remained crown property until the reign of
Henry VIII Henry VIII (28 June 149128 January 1547) was King of England from 22 April 1509 until his death in 1547. Henry is best known for Wives of Henry VIII, his six marriages, including his efforts to have his first marriage (to Catherine of Aragon ...
when it was granted briefly to
Thomas Cromwell Thomas Cromwell, (; 1485 – 28 July 1540) was an English lawyer and statesman who served as List of English chief ministers, chief minister to King Henry VIII from 1534 to 1540, when he was beheaded on orders of the king. Cromwell was one o ...
,
Earl of Essex Earl of Essex is a title in the Peerage of England The Peerage of England comprises all peerages created in the Kingdom of England before the Act of Union 1707, Act of Union in 1707. In that year, the Peerages of England and Peerage of Sc ...
, until Cromwell was executed in 1540 and the land was again confiscated. The manor was next held by Henry VIII's last wife and widow
Catherine Parr Catherine Parr (sometimes alternatively spelled Katherine, Katheryn, Kateryn or Katharine; August 1512 – 5 September 1548) was Queen of England and Ireland Ireland ( ; ga, Éire ; Ulster-Scots: ) is an island upright=1.15, G ...

Catherine Parr
until her death in 1548 when it again reverted to the
monarch A monarch is a head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona A persona (plural personae or personas), depending on the context, can refer to either the public image of one's personality, or the social role tha ...

monarch
. In the 1550s, Henry's daughter,
Mary I Mary I (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558), also known as Mary Tudor, and as "Bloody Mary" by her Protestant Protestantism is a form of that originated with the 16th-century , a movement against what its followers perceived to ...

Mary I
, granted the manor to
Cardinal Cardinal or The Cardinal may refer to: Christianity * Cardinal (Catholic Church), a senior official of the Catholic Church * Cardinal (Church of England), two members of the College of Minor Canons of St. Paul's Cathedral Navigation * Cardina ...
Reginald Pole Reginald Pole (12 March 1500 – 17 November 1558) was an English cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and the last Roman Catholic archbishop of Canterbury, holding the office from 1556 to 1558, during the Counter-Reformation. Early life Pole ...

Reginald Pole
who held it until his death in 1558 when it once again become royal property. Mary's sister,
Elizabeth I Elizabeth I (7 September 153324 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland Ireland ( ; ga, Éire ; Ulster-Scots: ) is an island upright=1.15, Great_Britain.html"_;"title="Ireland_(left)_and_Great_Britain">Ireland_(left)_an ...

Elizabeth I
held the property until 1574 when she gave the manor house (but not the manor) to
Christopher Hatton Sir Christopher Hatton KG (1540 – 20 November 1591) was an English politician, Lord Chancellor The Lord Chancellor, formally the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, is the highest-ranking among the Great Officers of State (United Ki ...

Christopher Hatton
, who sold it in the same year to Sir Thomas Cecil,
Earl of Exeter Marquess of Exeter is a title that has been created twice, once in the Peerage of England and once in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The first creation came in the Peerage of England in 1525 for Henry Courtenay, 1st Marquess of Exeter, Henry ...
. The lands of the manor were given to the Cecil family in 1588 and a new manor house,
Wimbledon Palace
Wimbledon Palace
, was constructed and gardens laid out in the formal
Elizabethan The Elizabethan era is the epoch in the of the during the reign of (1558–1603). Historians often depict it as the in English history. The symbol of (a female personification of Great Britain) was first used in 1572, and often thereafter ...
style.


17th century

Wimbledon's proximity to the capital was beginning to attract other wealthy families. In 1613 Robert Bell, Master of the
Worshipful Company of Girdlers The Worshipful Company of Girdlers is one of the Livery Company, Livery Companies of the City of London. Girdlers were granted the right to regulate their trade in the City from 1327 and obtained a Royal Charter in 1449. Girdlers, or Manufactur ...
and a director of the
British East India Company The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC), East India Trading Company (EITC), the English East India Company or (after 1707) the British East India Company, and informally known as John Company, Com ...
built Eagle House as a home at an easy distance from London. The Cecil family retained the manor for fifty years, before it was bought by
Charles ICharles I may refer to: Kings and emperors * Charlemagne (742–814), numbered Charles I in the lists of French and German kings * Charles I of Anjou (1226–1285), also king of Albania, Jerusalem, Naples and Sicily * Charles I of Hungary (1288 ...

Charles I
in 1638 for his Queen,
Henrietta Maria Henrietta Maria (french: link=no, Henriette Marie; 25 November 1609 – 10 September 1669) was Queen of England, Scotland Scotland ( sco, Scotland, gd, Alba ) is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kin ...

Henrietta Maria
. Following the King's execution in 1649, the manor passed rapidly among various
parliamentarianParliamentarian has two principal meanings. First, it may refer to a member or supporter of a Parliament, as in: *Member of parliament *Roundhead, supporter of the parliamentary cause in the English Civil War Second, in countries that do not refe ...
owners, including the
Leeds Leeds is the largest city in the county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers (publis ...
Member of Parliament A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the people who live in their constituency An electoral district, also known as an election district, legislative district, voting district, constituency, riding, ward, division, (election) ...
(MP) Adam Baynes and the
civil war A civil war, also known as an intrastate war in polemology, is a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine publis ...
general A general officer is an officer of high rank in the armies, and in some nations' air forces, space forces, or marines Marines or naval infantry, are typically a military force trained to operate on Littoral Zone, littoral zone in suppo ...

general
John LambertJohn Lambert may refer to: *John Lambert (martyr) (died 1538), English Protestant martyred during the reign of Henry VIII *John Lambert (general) (1619–1684), Parliamentary general in the English Civil War *John Lambert of Creg Clare (''fl.'' c. 1 ...
, but after the
restoration of the monarchy Restoration is the act of restoring something to its original state and may refer to: * Conservation and restoration of cultural heritage * Restoration style Film and television * The Restoration (1909 film), ''The Restoration'' (1909 film), a f ...
in 1660, it was returned to Henrietta Maria (now as mother of the new King,
Charles II
Charles II
). The
Dowager Queen A queen dowager, dowager queen or queen mother A queen mother is a dowager queen who is the mother of the reigning monarch. The term has been used in English since at least 1560. It arises in hereditary monarchies in Europe Europe is a c ...
sold the manor in 1661 to
George Digby, 2nd Earl of Bristol File:Quartered arms of George Digby, 2nd Earl of Bristol, KG.png, 262px, Quartered arms of George Digby, 2nd Earl of Bristol, KG George Digby, 2nd Earl of Bristol, Order of the Garter, KG (bapt. 5 November 161220 March 1677) was an English people ...

George Digby, 2nd Earl of Bristol
, who employed
John Evelyn John Evelyn (31 October 162027 February 1706) was an English writer, gardener and diary, diarist. John Evelyn's Diary, John Evelyn's diary, or memoir, spanned the period of his adult life from 1640, when he was a student, to 1706, the year he ...

John Evelyn
to improve and update the landscape in accordance with the latest fashions, including
grotto A grotto is a natural or artificial cave A cave or cavern is a natural void in the Earth#Surface, ground, specifically a space large enough for a human to enter. Caves often form by the weathering of rock and often extend deep underground. ...

grotto
s and fountains. After his death in 1677, the manor was sold again to the
Lord High Treasurer The post of Lord High Treasurer or Lord Treasurer was an English government position and has been a British government position since the Acts of Union of 1707. A holder of the post would be the third-highest-ranked Great Officers of State (Un ...
, Thomas Osborne,
Earl of Danby Earl of Danby was a title that was created twice in the Peerage of England The Peerage of England comprises all peerages created in the Kingdom of England before the Act of Union 1707, Act of Union in 1707. In that year, the Peerages of Engla ...
.


18th century

The Osborne family sold the manor to
Sir Theodore Janssen Sir Theodore Janssen of Wimbledon, 1st Baronet (c. 1658 – 22 September 1748, in Wimbledon, London) was a French-born English financier and Member of Parliament who, after a long and successful career in commerce, was ruined and disgraced by his pa ...
in 1712. Janssen, a director of the
South Sea Company The South Sea Company (officially The Governor and Company of the merchants of Great Britain, trading to the South Seas and other parts of America, and for the encouragement of the Fishery) was a British joint-stock company A joint-s ...
, began a new house to replace the one built by the Cecils, but the spectacular collapse of the company meant it was never finished. The next owner was
Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, Princess of Mindelheim, Countess of Nellenburg (née Jenyns, spelled Jennings in most modern references; 5 June 1660 (Old Style) – 18 October 1744), was an English courtier who rose to be one of th ...

Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough
, who increased the land belonging to the manor and completed the construction of a house to replace Jansen's unfinished effort in 1735. On her death in 1744, the property passed to her grandson, John Spencer, and subsequently to the first Earl Spencer. The village continued to grow and the 18th-century introduction of
stagecoach A stagecoach is a four-wheeled public transport Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, mass transit, or simply transit) is a system of transport Transport (commonly used in the U.K.), or transportation ...

stagecoach
services from the ''Dog and Fox'' made the journey to London routine, although not without the risk of being held-up by
highwaymen English highwayman James Hind depicted in an engraving now in the National Portrait Gallery. A highwayman was a robbery, robber who stole from travellers. This type of theft, thief usually travelled and robbed by horse as compared to a footpad ...

highwaymen
, such as Jerry Abershawe on the
Portsmouth Portsmouth ( ) is a port and island city status in the United Kingdom, city with Unitary authorities of England, unitary authority status in the ceremonial county of Hampshire, southern England. It is the most densely populated city in the Unit ...

Portsmouth
Road. The stagecoach horses would be stabled at the rear of the pub in what are now named Wimbledon Village Stables. The 1735 manor house burnt down in the 1780s and was replaced in 1801 by Wimbledon Park House, built by the
second Earl
second Earl
. At the time the manor estate included Wimbledon Common (as a
heath A heath () is a shrubland Shrubland, scrubland, scrub, brush, or bush is a plant community characterized by vegetation dominance (ecology), dominated by shrubs, often also including grasses, Herbaceous plant, herbs, and geophytes. Shrubland m ...
) and the enclosed parkland around the manor house. Its area corresponded to the modern
Wimbledon Park Wimbledon Park is the name of an urban park A park is an area of naturally occurring, semi-natural or planted space set aside for human enjoyment and recreation or for the protection of wildlife or natural habitats. Urban parks are urban gre ...
. The house stood east of St Mary's church. Wimbledon House, a separate residence close to the village at the south end of Parkside (near Peek Crescent), was home in the 1790s to the exiled French statesman
Vicomte de Calonne
Vicomte de Calonne
, and later to the mother of the writer
Frederick Marryat Captain Frederick Marryat (10 July 1792 – 9 August 1848) was a Royal Navy officer, a novelist, and an acquaintance of Charles Dickens. He is noted today as an early pioneer of nautical fiction, particularly for his semi-autobiographical novel ...

Frederick Marryat
. Their association with the area is recorded in the names of nearby Calonne and Marryat roads. Directly south of the common, the early 18th-century Warren House ( Cannizaro House from 1841) was home to a series of grand residents.


19th-century development

The first decades of the 19th century were relatively quiet for Wimbledon, with a stable rural population coexisting alongside nobility and wealthy merchants from the city. Renewed upheaval came in 1838, when the opening of the
London and South Western Railway The London and South Western Railway (LSWR or L&SWR) was a railway Rail transport (also known as train transport) is a means of transferring passengers and goods on wheeled vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine that ...
(L&SWR) brought a station to the south-east of the village, at the bottom of Wimbledon Hill. The location of the station shifted the focus of the town's subsequent growth away from the original village centre. For several years
Wimbledon Park Wimbledon Park is the name of an urban park A park is an area of naturally occurring, semi-natural or planted space set aside for human enjoyment and recreation or for the protection of wildlife or natural habitats. Urban parks are urban gre ...
was leased to the
Duke of Somerset Duke of Somerset, from the county of Somerset Somerset (; Archaism, archaically Somersetshire) is a Ceremonial counties of England, county in South West England which borders Gloucestershire and Bristol to the north, Wiltshire to the east, D ...
, who briefly in the 1820s employed a young
Joseph Paxton Sir Joseph Paxton (3 August 1803 – 8 June 1865) was an English gardener A gardener is someone who practices gardening Gardening is the practice of growing and cultivating plants as part of horticulture Horticulture is the art of cultiva ...

Joseph Paxton
as one of his gardeners, but in the 1840s the Spencer family sold the park off as building land. A period of residential development began with large detached houses in the north of the park. In 1864, the Spencers attempted to get parliamentary permission to
enclose
enclose
the common as a new park with a house and gardens and to sell part for building. Following an enquiry, permission was refused and a board of conservators was established in 1871 to take ownership of the common and preserve it in its natural condition. In the second half of the century, Wimbledon experienced a very rapid expansion of its population. From under 2,700 residents recorded in the 1851
census A census is the procedure of systematically calculating, acquiring and recording information Information is processed, organised and structured data Data (; ) are individual facts, statistics, or items of information, often numeric. In ...

census
, the population grew by a minimum of 60 percent each decade up to 1901, to increase fifteen-fold in fifty years. Large numbers of villas and terraced houses were built along the roads from the centre towards neighbouring Putney,
Merton Park Merton Park is a suburb in the London Borough of Merton The London Borough of Merton () is a London borough, borough in south-west London, England. The borough was formed under the London Government Act 1963 in 1965 by the merger of the Munici ...
and
Raynes Park Raynes Park is a residential suburb A suburb (or suburban area or suburbia) is a commercial Commercial may refer to: * a dose of advertising conveyed through media (such as - for example - radio or television) ** Radio advertisement ...
. Transport links improved further with railway lines to Croydon (Wimbledon and Croydon Railway, opened in 1855) and Tooting (Tooting, Merton and Wimbledon Railway, opened in 1868). The
District Railway The Metropolitan District Railway (commonly known as the District Railway) was a passenger railway that served London from 1868 to 1933. Established in 1864 to complete the ''Circle line (London Underground), inner circle'', an underground railw ...
(now the
London Underground The London Underground (also known simply as the Underground, or by its nickname the Tube) is a rapid transit system serving Greater London and some parts of the adjacent ceremonial counties of England, counties of Buckinghamshire, Essex and H ...

London Underground
District line The District line is a London Underground The London Underground (also known simply as the Underground, or by its nickname the Tube) is a system serving and some parts of the adjacent of , and in the United Kingdom. The Underground ...
) extended its service over new tracks from Putney in 1889. The commercial and civic development of the town also accelerated. Ely's
department store A department store is a retail Retail is the sale of goods In economics Economics () is the social science that studies how people interact with value; in particular, the Production (economics), production, distribution (economics) ...
opened in 1876 and shops began to stretch along Broadway towards Merton. Wimbledon built its first police station in 1870. Cultural developments included a Literary Institute by the early 1860s and the opening of Wimbledon Library in 1887. The religious needs of the growing population led to an
Anglican Anglicanism is a Western Christianity, Western Christian tradition that has developed from the practices, liturgy, and identity of the Church of England following the English Reformation. Adherents of Anglicanism are called ''Anglicans''; t ...

Anglican
church-building programme, starting with the rebuilding of St Mary's Church in 1849 and the construction of Christ Church (1859) and Trinity Church (1862). Street names reflect events: Denmark Road, Denmark Avenue and the ''Alexandra'' pub on Wimbledon Hill mark the marriage of
Edward, Prince of Wales
Edward, Prince of Wales
to Princess
Alexandra of Denmark Alexandra of Denmark (Alexandra Caroline Marie Charlotte Louise Julia; 1 December 1844 – 20 November 1925) was Queen of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Empress of India Emperor or Empress of India, was a title used b ...

Alexandra of Denmark
. The change of character of Wimbledon from village to small town was recognised under the
Local Government Act 1894 The Local Government Act 1894 (56 & 57 Vict. c. 73) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom The Parliament of the United Kingdom is the supreme legislative body A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organi ...
, which formed Wimbledon Urban District with an elected
council A council is a group of people who come together to consult, deliberate, or make decisions. A council may function as a legislature A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority In the fields of sociology Sociology is t ...
.


Modern history

Wimbledon's population continued to grow in the early 20th century, as was recognised in 1905, when the urban district was incorporated as the
Municipal Borough of Wimbledon Wimbledon was a local government district in north-east Surrey from 1866 to 1965 covering the town of Wimbledon, London, Wimbledon and its surrounding area. It was part of the London postal district and Metropolitan Police District. History Wimble ...
, with the power to select a
mayor In many countries, a mayor is the highest-ranking official An official is someone who holds an office (function or , regardless whether it carries an actual with it) in an or government and participates in the exercise of , (either their ow ...

mayor
. By 1910, Wimbledon had established the beginnings of the
Wimbledon School of Art Wimbledon College of Arts, formerly Wimbledon School of Art, is a constituent college of the University of the Arts London University of the Arts London is a collegiate university in London London is the capital city, capital and Li ...
at the Gladstone Road Technical Institute and acquired its first cinema and the theatre. Unusually, the facilities at its opening included Turkish baths. By the 1930s, residential expansion had peaked in Wimbledon and the new focus for local growth had moved to neighbouring
Morden Morden is a district and town in south London, England, within the London Borough of Merton. It adjoins Merton Park and Wimbledon, London, Wimbledon to the north, Mitcham to the east, Sutton, London, Sutton to the south and Worcester Park to the ...
, which had remained rural until the arrival of the Underground at
Morden station
Morden station
in 1926.
Wimbledon station Wimbledon is a National Rail, London Underground, and Tramlink station located on Wimbledon Bridge, Wimbledon, London, Wimbledon in London, and is the only station in London that provides an interchange between the London Underground and Tramlin ...
was rebuilt by the Southern Railway with a simple Portland stone facade for the opening of a new railway branch line from Wimbledon to
SuttonSutton (''south settlement'' or ''south town'' in Old English) may refer to: Places United Kingdom England In alphabetical order by county: * Sutton, Bedfordshire * Sutton, Berkshire, a List of United Kingdom locations: Stu-Sz#Su, location * Sut ...
in 1930. In 1931, the council built a new red brick and Portland stone
Town Hall #REDIRECT Town hall#REDIRECT Town hall In local government, a city hall, town hall, civic centre (in the United Kingdom, UK or Australia), guildhall, or (more rarely) a municipal building, is the chief administration (government), admin ...
next to the station, on the corner of Queen's Road and Wimbledon Bridge. The architects were
Bradshaw Gass & HopeBradshaw Gass & Hope is an English firm of architects founded in 1862 by Jonas James Bradshaw (1837–1912). The style "Bradshaw Gass & Hope" was adopted after J. J. Bradshaw's death and referred to the remaining partners John Bradshaw Gass and Arthu ...
. Damage to housing stock in Wimbledon and other parts of London during the
Second World War World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
led to a final major building phase when many earlier Victorian houses with large grounds in Wimbledon Park were sub-divided into flats or demolished and replaced with apartment blocks. Other parts of Wimbledon Park, which had previously escaped being built upon, saw local authority estates constructed by the borough council, to house some of those who had lost their homes. During the 1970s and 1980s, Wimbledon town centre struggled to compete commercially with more developed centres at
Kingston Kingston may refer to: Places * List of places called Kingston, including the four most populated: ** Kingston, Jamaica ** City of Kingston, Victoria, Australia ** Kingston, Ontario, Canada ** Kingston upon Thames, England Animals * Kingston (ho ...
and
SuttonSutton (''south settlement'' or ''south town'' in Old English) may refer to: Places United Kingdom England In alphabetical order by county: * Sutton, Bedfordshire * Sutton, Berkshire, a List of United Kingdom locations: Stu-Sz#Su, location * Sut ...

Sutton
. Part of the problem was the shortage of locations for large anchor stores to attract customers. After some years in which the council seemed unable to find a solution, The Centre Court shopping centre was developed on land next to the station, providing a much-needed focus, and opened in 1990. The shopping centre incorporated the old town hall building. A new portico, in keeping with the old work, was designed by Sir George Grenfell Baines, George Grenfell-Baines, who had worked on the original designs over fifty years before.


Geography

Wimbledon lies in the southwest area of
London London is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller lowerc ...

London
, three miles south of Wandsworth, two miles southwest of Tooting, three miles west of Mitcham, four miles north of
SuttonSutton (''south settlement'' or ''south town'' in Old English) may refer to: Places United Kingdom England In alphabetical order by county: * Sutton, Bedfordshire * Sutton, Berkshire, a List of United Kingdom locations: Stu-Sz#Su, location * Sut ...

Sutton
and 3.5 miles east of Kingston upon Thames, in
Greater London Greater London is an Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England, administrative area governed by the Greater London Authority, and a Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county of England that covers the bulk of the same area ...

Greater London
. It is south-west of
Charing Cross Charing Cross ( ) is a junction and its focal marker in London London is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger upper ...

Charing Cross
. The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London. It is considered an affluent suburb with its grand Victorian houses, modern housing and low-rise apartments. The residential area splits into two sections: the village and the town, with the village near the common centred on the High Street, being part of the original medieval village, and now a prime residential area of London commanding high prices, and the "town" being part of the modern development, centred on The Broadway, since the building of the railway station in 1838. The majority of the adult population of around 68,200 adults belong to the NRS social grade, ABC1 social group. The population grew from around 1,000 at the start of the 19th century to around 55,000 in 1911, a figure which has remained reasonably stable since.


Demography

Wimbledon is covered by several wards in the London Borough of Merton, making it difficult to produce statistics for the town as a whole. The largest ethnic groups (up to 10%) in the wards according to the 2011 census are: *Village (northern areas and the village): 65% White British, 16% Other White *Wimbledon Park (north-east): 60% White British, 18% Other White *Hillside (west of centre): 56% White British, 20% Other White *Dundonald (south of centre): 61% White British, 18% Other White *Raynes Park (west of centre): 61% White British, 16% Other White *Trinity (east from centre): 56% White British, 18% Other White


Governance and representation

At the time the
Domesday Book Domesday Book () – the Middle English Middle English (abbreviated to ME) was a form of the English language spoken after the Norman conquest of England, Norman conquest (1066) until the late 15th century. The English language underwent ...
was compiled (around 1086), Wimbledon was part of the
manor Manor may refer to: Land tenure *Manor, the land belonging to the Lord of the manor under manorialism in parts of medieval Europe, notably England *Manor house, the main residence of the lord of the manor *Lord of the manor, the landholder of a ma ...
of
Mortlake Mortlake is a suburban district of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames on the south bank of the River Thames between Kew and Barnes, London, Barnes. Historically it was part of Surrey and until 1965 was in the Municipal Borough of Barnes ...
. From 1328 to 1536 a manor of Wimbledon was recorded as belonging to the
Archbishop of Canterbury The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop A bishop is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Clergy#Christianity, Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight. Within the Cat ...
. The manor of Wimbledon changed hands many times during its history. Wimbledon was an civil parish#ancient parishes, Ancient Parish from the medieval period, later being re-organised as the Municipal Borough of Wimbledon, Wimbledon within the county of
Surrey Surrey () is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers (publisher), William and R ...

Surrey
. In 1965, the London Government Act 1963 abolished the Municipal Borough of Wimbledon, Merton and Morden Urban District and the Municipal Borough of Mitcham, creating instead the London Borough of Merton. Initially, the new administrative centre was at Wimbledon Town Hall, but it moved to the 14-storey Crown House in Morden in the early 1990s. It is now in the Parliamentary constituency of Wimbledon (UK Parliament constituency), Wimbledon, and since 2005 United Kingdom general election, 2005 has been represented by the Conservative Party (UK), Conservative MP Stephen Hammond. Since 2005, the north and west of the borough have been represented in Westminster Parliament, Westminster by Stephen Hammond, a Conservative Party (UK), Conservative MP. The east and south of the Borough are represented by Siobhain McDonagh, a Labour Party (UK), Labour MP.


Economy

In 2012 the businesses in Wimbledon voted to introduce a Business Improvement District. "Love Wimbledon" was formed in April 2012, funded and managed by the business community to promote and enhance the town centre. The UK's leading car-sharing company Zipcar has its UK headquarters in Wimbledon. Other notable organisations with head offices in Wimbledon include CIPD, Ipsotek, United Response, the Communication Workers Union (United Kingdom) and Lidl's UK headquarters.


Media

The ''Wimbledon Times'' (formerly ''Wimbledon Guardian'') provides local news in print and online.


The Tennis Championships

In the 1870s, at the bottom of the hill on land between the railway line and Worple Road, the All-England Croquet Club had begun to hold its annual championships. But the popularity of croquet was waning as the new sport of Tennis, lawn tennis began to spread, and after initially setting aside just one of its lawns for tennis, the club decided to hold its 1877 Wimbledon Championship, first Lawn Tennis Championship in July 1877. By 1922, the popularity of tennis had grown to the extent that the club's small ground could no longer cope with the numbers of spectators and the renamed All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club moved to new grounds close to Wimbledon Park. Wimbledon historian Richard Milward recounts how George V of the United Kingdom, King George V opened the new courts. "He (the king) gave three blows on a gong, the tarpaulins were removed, the first match started – and the rain came down." The club's old grounds continue to be used as the sports ground for Wimbledon High School.


Sport


Horse riding

Wimbledon Village Stables is the oldest recorded riding stables in England. The late Richard Milward MA, a local historian, researched the background of horses in Wimbledon over the years and found that the first recorded stables belonged to the Lord of the Manor, and are detailed in the Estate's accounts of 1236–37. Stables on the current site, behind the ''Dog & Fox'' pub in the High Street, were founded in 1915 by William Kirkpatrick and named Hilcote Stables; William's daughter Jean took over on his retirement and continued to visit the stables until her death in 2005. From 1969 Hilcote Stables were leased to Colin Crawford, and when they came up for sale in 1980 renamed Wimbledon Village Stables. It is now approved by the British Horse Society and the Association of British Riding Schools. It offers horse-riding lessons and hacks on Wimbledon Common and in Richmond Park.


Horse racing

In 1792 the Rev. Daniel Lysons (antiquarian), Daniel Lysons published ''The Environs of London: being a historical account of the towns, villages, and hamlets, within twelve miles of that capital'' in which he wrote: "In the early part of the present century there were annual races upon this common, which had then a King's plate." However, he gives no further details and does not say how successful horse racing was or how long it lasted.


Rifle shooting

In the 1860s, the newly formed National Rifle Association of the United Kingdom, National Rifle Association held its first competition on Wimbledon Common. The association and the annual competition grew rapidly and by the early 1870s, rifle ranges were established on the common. In 1878 the competitions were lasting two weeks and attracting nearly 2,500 competitors, housed in temporary camps set up across the common. By the 1880s, however, the power and range of rifles had advanced to the extent that shooting in an increasingly populated area was no longer considered safe. The last meeting was held in 1889 before the NRA moved to Bisley Camp, Bisley in
Surrey Surrey () is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers (publisher), William and R ...

Surrey
. Wimbledon, New Zealand, Wimbledon, a small farming locality in New Zealand, was named after this district in the 1880s after a local resident shot a bullock from a considerable distance away. The shot was considered by onlookers to be worthy of the rifle-shooting championships held in Wimbledon at the time. The Wimbledon Cup trophy, first awarded in Wimbledon for high-power rifles in 1866, was presented to the American rifle team in 1875 and a century and a half later continued to be awarded by the US National Rifle Association.


Football

From a small, long-established Non-League football, non-League team, Wimbledon F.C., Wimbledon Football Club had from 1977 climbed quickly through the ranks of the Football League structure, reaching the highest national professional league in 1986 and winning the FA Cup against Liverpool F.C., Liverpool in 1988. Wimbledon moved into a Plough Lane (1912–98), stadium at Plough Lane in 1912 and played there for 79 years until beginning a ground share with Crystal Palace F.C., Crystal Palace at Selhurst Park near Croydon, as their progress through the Football League meant that redeveloping Plough Lane to the required modern standards was impractical. The stadium stood dormant for 10 years until it was finally demolished in 2001. A housing development now occupies the site. AFC Wimbledon, the phoenix club (sports), phoenix club founded to replace the departed team, played for a number of years in Kingston upon Thames; in 2020, however, they moved into a new stadium, again named Plough Lane, on the site of the former greyhound track and a short distance from its namesake.


Motorcycle speedway

For many years Wimbledon Stadium hosted to Greyhound racing, as well as Stock car racing and Motorcycle speedway, Speedway. Speedway began at Wimbledon Stadium in 1928. The local team, the ''"Dons"'', was successful over the decades. It started out in 1929 as a member of the Southern League and operated until the Second World War. The track re-opened in 1946 and the Dons operated in the top flight for many years. In the 1950s the track was home to two World Champions: Ronnie Moore and Barry Briggs. In the Dons' last season, 2005, the team finished second in The National Conference League, but after the collapse of lease-renewal talks with the Greyhound Racing Association (owners of the stadium), the high increase in rent required meant the team was wound up. The stadium was demolished in 2017.


Running

There are two active running clubs in Wimbledon called Hercules Wimbledon and the Wimbledon Windmilers. Both clubs includes some top athletes as well as beginners. A Parkrun is held every Saturday morning. Prior to Parkrun, a similar event had been held as the Wimbledon Common Time Trial.


Theatres


New Wimbledon Theatre

The New Wimbledon Theatre is a Listed building, Grade II listed Edwardian era, Edwardian theatre built by J. B. Mullholland as the Wimbledon Theatre, on the site of a large house with spacious grounds. The theatre was designed by Cecil Aubrey Masey and Roy Young (possibly after a 1908 design by Frank H Jones). It opened on 26 December 1910 with the pantomime ''Jack and Jill''. The theatre was very popular between the wars, with appearances by Gracie Fields, Sybil Thorndike, Ivor Novello, Alicia Markova, Markova and Noël Coward. Lionel Bart's Oliver! and Half A Sixpence, starring Tommy Steele, received their world premières at the theatre in the 1960s, before transferring to the West End theatre, West End. The theatre was saved from redevelopment by the Ambassador Theatre Group in 2004. With several refurbishments, notably in 1991 and 1998, it retains its baroque and Adamesque internal features. The golden statue on the dome depicts Laetitia (goddess), Laetitia, the Roman Goddess of Gaiety, and was an original fixture back in 1910. Laetitia is holding a laurel crown as a symbol of celebration. The statue was removed during the Second World War, as it was thought to be a direction finder for German bombers. It was eventually replaced in 1991.


Polka Children's Theatre

The Polka Theatre is a children's theatre in Wimbledon,
London Borough of Merton The London Borough of Merton () is a London borough, borough in south-west London, England. The borough was formed under the London Government Act 1963 in 1965 by the merger of the Municipal Borough of Mitcham, the Municipal Borough of Wimbledo ...
, for children up to 13. The theatre contains two performance spaces – a 300-seat main auditorium and a 70-seat studio dedicated to early-year performances. Polka also has a creative learning studio, a garden, an outdoor playground, an indoor play area, exhibition spaces, and a cafe. It is a producing theatre, which also tours shows nationally and internationally, and provides a range of education and community engagement programmes for children as a registered charity and an Arts Council England National Portfolio Organisation. It is also funded by the
London Borough of Merton The London Borough of Merton () is a London borough, borough in south-west London, England. The borough was formed under the London Government Act 1963 in 1965 by the merger of the Municipal Borough of Mitcham, the Municipal Borough of Wimbledo ...
and a number of private charitable trusts and foundations, individuals and firms. The theatre (formerly the Holy Trinity Halls in Wimbledon) opened in November 1979.


Transport

*
Wimbledon station Wimbledon is a National Rail, London Underground, and Tramlink station located on Wimbledon Bridge, Wimbledon, London, Wimbledon in London, and is the only station in London that provides an interchange between the London Underground and Tramlin ...
*Wimbledon Chase railway station *Raynes Park railway station *Wimbledon Park tube station *South Wimbledon tube station


National Rail

Wimbledon is part of List of stations in London fare zone 3, Oyster Fare Zone 3.


Bus

Wimbledon is served by London Buses routes London Buses route 57, 57, London Buses route 93, 93, London Buses route 131, 131, London Buses route 156, 156, London Buses route 163, 163, London Buses route 164, 164, London Buses route 200, 200, London Buses route 219, 219 and London Buses route 493, 493 and night bus London Buses route N87, N87. It is also served by Tramlink route 3.


Literature

In literature, Wimbledon provides the principal setting for several comic novels by author Nigel Williams (author), Nigel Williams (including the best-selling ''The Wimbledon Poisoner'' and ''They Came from SW19''), as well as for Elisabeth Beresford's series of children's stories about the Wombles. Wimbledon was given as the site where the sixth Martian invasion cylinder landed in H.G. Wells' book ''The War of the Worlds (novel), The War of the Worlds'' and is mentioned briefly in the same author's ''The Time Machine'' and ''When the Sleeper Wakes''. Each October thousands attend the Wimbledon BookFest, which has been running since 2006. Over 60 events are held around Wimbledon, including at the Big Tent on the Common.


Notable residents

*Khalid Abdalla (born 1980), actor, ''The Kite Runner (film), The Kite Runner'' and United 93 (film), ''United 93'' *Bob Astles (1924–2012), former associate of Ugandan President of Uganda, presidents Milton Obote and Idi Amin *Ben Barnes (actor), Ben Barnes (born 1981), actor, ''The Chronicles of Narnia: Prince Caspian'' *Joseph Bazalgette (1819–1891), civil engineer; his creation in the mid 19th century of the sewer network for central London eliminated the incidence of cholera epidemics *Boris Becker (born 1967), tennis player *Gary Brabham (born 1961), Australian international racing driver and convicted rapist, born in Wimbledon *Raymond Briggs (born 1934), cartoonist *Lyde Browne (antiquary), John Lyde-Brown (died 1787), director of the Bank of England; resident of Cannizaro House; his collection of classical sculpture was acquired by Catherine the Great, Catherine II of Russia in 1787 and is held by the Hermitage Museum *James Brunlees (1816–1892), engineer, lived at Argyle Lodge, Parkside *Josephine Butler (1828–1906), feminist campaigner of the Victorian era, Blue Plaque at 8 North View, Wimbledon Common *George Edward Cates (1892–1917), World War I Victoria Cross recipient *Duke (1784-1841) and Duchess of Cannizzaro *Ernst Boris Chain (1906–1979), joint winner of the 1945 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Nobel Prize in Medicine for the discovery of penicillin. Blue Plaque at 9 North View, Wimbledon CommonEnglish Heritage – List of Blue Plaques, B
/ref> *Mavis Cheek (born 1948), novelist born and brought up in Wimbledon. *
Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, Princess of Mindelheim, Countess of Nellenburg (née Jenyns, spelled Jennings in most modern references; 5 June 1660 (Old Style) – 18 October 1744), was an English courtier who rose to be one of th ...

Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough
(1660–1744), close friend of Anne, Queen of Great Britain, Queen Anne, resident of
Wimbledon Manor House Wimbledon manor house; the residence of the lord of the manor, was an English country house An English country house is a large house or mansion in the English countryside. Such houses were often owned by individuals who also owned a Townhous ...

Wimbledon Manor House
*Norman Coburn (born 1937), Australian actor played Donald Fisher (Home and Away), Donald Fisher in Australian soap opera ''Home and Away'' *Annette Crosbie (born 1934), actress, screen wife of ''One Foot in the Graves Victor Meldrew *Jack Davenport (born 1973), actor *Sandy Denny (1947–1978), singer, born at the Nelson Hospital *Laurence Doherty (1875–1919), winner of thirteen Wimbledon tennis championships and two Olympic gold medals *Reginald Doherty (1872–1910), winner of twelve Wimbledon tennis championships and three Olympic gold medals *Hugh Dowding, 1st Baron Dowding, Hugh Dowding (1882–1970), commander of RAF Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain in 1940, Blue Plaque at 3 St Mary's RoadEnglish Heritage – List of Blue Plaques, D
/ref> *Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, Henry Dundas, Viscount Melville (1742–1811), Home Secretary and Secretary of State for War to William Pitt the Younger, resident of Cannizaro House *Maria Fetherstonhaugh (1847–1918), novelist, bought a house by Wimbledon Windmill in 1905, where Robert Baden-Powell as her guest wrote ''Scouting for Boys''. *Charles James Fox (1749-1806), Britain's first Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, Foreign Secretary under prime minister Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, Marquess of Rockingham; took over Rockingham's Church Road house after the latter's death in 1782 *Ford Madox Ford (1873–1939), author; works include ''The Good Soldier'' and ''Parade's End'' *John William Godward (1861–1922), painter *Charles Patrick Graves (1899–1971), journalist *Robert Graves (1895–1985), poet *Victoria Hamilton (born 1971), actress *George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen (1784–1860), prime minister 1852–55; resident of Cannizaro House *Ted Heath (bandleader), Ted Heath (1902-1969), bandleader *Georgette Heyer (1902–1974), novelist born and raised in Wimbledon. She wrote her first five novels there. Two later novels, ''Pastel'' and ''Behold, Here's Poison'', are set in a suburb very like Wimbledon. *Tom Holland (actor), Tom Holland (born 1996), actor *Mark Hollis (1955–2019), musician *Leslie Hore-Belisha, 1st Baron Hore-Belisha (1893–1957), Secretary of State for Transport, Minister of Transport, 1934–7 who introduced the driving test and the Belisha Beacon; then Secretary of State for War, 1937–40 *Thomas Hughes (1822–1896), author of the 1857 novel ''Tom Brown's Schooldays'' which was written in Wimbledon *James Hunt (1947–1993), racing driver and commentator. Formula 1 World Champion 1976 *John Innes (philanthropist), John Innes (1829–1904), property developer and philanthropist *Sir Theodore Janssen, 1st Baronet, Sir Theodore Janssen of Wimbledon (c.1658–1748), director of the
South Sea Company The South Sea Company (officially The Governor and Company of the merchants of Great Britain, trading to the South Seas and other parts of America, and for the encouragement of the Fishery) was a British joint-stock company A joint-s ...
and founder-member of the Bank of England. Resident of
Wimbledon Manor House Wimbledon manor house; the residence of the lord of the manor, was an English country house An English country house is a large house or mansion in the English countryside. Such houses were often owned by individuals who also owned a Townhous ...

Wimbledon Manor House
. The grounds of his later house bordered the east side of the High Street. *Hetty King (1883–1972), music hall artiste and male impersonator. A blue commemorative plaque was erected on her home in Palmerston Road, Wimbledon by The Music Hall Guild of Great Britain and America in November 2010. *Vanessa Kirby (born 1988), actress *Don Lang (musician), Don Lang (1925–1992), with his band, a mainstay of Britain's first television rock and roll programme ''Six-Five Special'' *Alvar Lidell (1908–1981), BBC radio announcer; his voice was well known during the Second World War *Jenny Lind (1820–1887), the Swedish Nightingale, at Argyle Lodge, Parkside. *Joseph Norman Lockyer, Sir Joseph Norman Lockyer (1836–1920), scientist and astronomer; joint discoverer of helium *
Frederick Marryat Captain Frederick Marryat (10 July 1792 – 9 August 1848) was a Royal Navy officer, a novelist, and an acquaintance of Charles Dickens. He is noted today as an early pioneer of nautical fiction, particularly for his semi-autobiographical novel ...

Frederick Marryat
(1792–1848), author, Blue Plaque at Gothic Lodge, 6 Woodhayes Road *Tony McGuinness (English musician), Tony McGuinness (born 1959), guitarist and songwriter, Above & Beyond (band), Above and Beyond *Michael McIntyre (born 1976), comedian born in the area *Thomas Ralph Merton (1888–1969), physicist *Marcus Mumford (born 1987), lead singer and songwriter, Mumford & Sons *John Murray III (1808–1892), publisher; significant publications include Charles Darwin's ''The Origin of Species''; Murray built a house called "Newstead" on four acres at Somerset Road. *Horatio, Viscount Nelson (1758–1805), admiral; Nelson's estate, Merton Place, included part of Wimbledon at the eastern end of the Broadway, though, strictly he was a resident of Merton (historic parish), Merton the neighbouring parish *Alan Pardew (born 1961), football manager *Michelle Paver (born 1960), author, ''Chronicles of Ancient Darkness'' *Charles Pepys, 1st Earl of Cottenham (1781–1851), Lord Chancellor; judge in the landmark 1841 court case Saunders v Vautier *William Henry Preece, Sir William Henry Preece (1834–1913), developed English telephone system; Blue Plaque at Gothic Lodge, 6 Woodhayes Road. *Oliver Reed (1938–1999), actor *Margaret Rutherford (1892–1972), actress, Blue Plaque at 4 Berkeley PlaceEnglish Heritage – List of Blue Plaques, R
/ref> *Arthur Schopenhauer (1788–1860), philosopher, Blue Plaque at Eagle House where he lived in 1803English Heritage – List of Blue Plaques, S
/ref> *Ridley Scott (born 1937), film director; films include ''Blade Runner'' and Gladiator (2000 film), ''Gladiator''. *Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia (1892–1975), guest at a house in Parkside while in exile from Ethiopia owing to the Abyssinia Crisis, Italian invasion; his statue stands in Cannizaro Park. *Brian Sewell (1931–2015), art critic and media personality *Mark Edgley Smith (1955–2008), composer *Jamie T (born 1986), musician *David Tipper (born 1976), producer, composer, DJ *John Horne Tooke (1736–1812), politician, lived at Chester House, Wimbledon, Chester House on
Wimbledon Common 260px, The windmill on Wimbledon Common in February 2005 Wimbledon Common is a large open space in Wimbledon, southwest London. There are three named areas: Wimbledon Common, Putney Heath, and Putney Lower Common, which together are managed u ...
*Arnold Toynbee (historian, born 1852), Arnold Toynbee (1852–1883), economic historian, Blue Plaque at 49 Wimbledon ParksideEnglish Heritage – List of Blue Plaques, T
/ref> *Joseph Toynbee (1815–1866), surgeon, Blue Plaque at 49 Wimbledon Parkside *Ralph Tubbs (1912–1996), architect; his buildings include the Dome of Discovery and Charing Cross Hospital *Keith Walker (cricketer), Keith Walker (1922–1989), cricketer *Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham (1730–1782), twice Prime Minister. His Church Road house adjoined the grounds of Sir Theodore Janssen's and was previously occupied by a Mr Rush as shown o
this map
*Dame June Whitfield (1925-2018), actress *William Wilberforce (1759–1833), anti-slavery campaigner


Amenities


Major public open spaces

*Cannizaro park, Cannizaro Park *Richmond Park *
Wimbledon Common 260px, The windmill on Wimbledon Common in February 2005 Wimbledon Common is a large open space in Wimbledon, southwest London. There are three named areas: Wimbledon Common, Putney Heath, and Putney Lower Common, which together are managed u ...
*
Wimbledon Park Wimbledon Park is the name of an urban park A park is an area of naturally occurring, semi-natural or planted space set aside for human enjoyment and recreation or for the protection of wildlife or natural habitats. Urban parks are urban gre ...


Museums


Southside House
*Wimbledon Lawn Tennis Museum
Wimbledon Museum
*Wimbledon Windmill


Schools


Places of worship


See also

* Crooked Billet


References

;Bibliography *Bartlett, William A.,
History of Antiquities of the Parish of Wimbledon
', Simpkin, Marshall, & co., 1865 *Brown, John W., ''Lysons's History of Wimbledon'', Local History Reprints, 1991, *Milward, Richard, ''Historic Wimbledon, Caesar's Camp to Centre Court'', The Windrush Press and Fielders of Wimbledon, 1989, *Milward, Richard, ''New Short History of Wimbledon'', Wimbledon Society, 1989


External links

;Local authorities
merton.gov.uk
;Community
wimbledon-village.com
;History
british-history.ac.uk
The Environs of London: Volume 1: County of Surrey, 1792, "Wimbledon", pp. 519–540, Daniel Lysons (antiquarian), Daniel Lysons
british-history.ac.uk
A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4, 1912, "Parishes: Wimbledon", pp. 120–125, H. E. Malden (editor) {{Authority control Wimbledon, London, Areas of London Districts of the London Borough of Merton Major centres of London