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West Point is the oldest continuously occupied military post in the United States. Located on the
Hudson River The Hudson River is a river that flows from north to south primarily through eastern New York (state), New York in the United States. It originates in the Adirondack Mountains of Upstate New York and flows southward through the Hudson Valley ...

Hudson River
in
New York New York most commonly refers to: * New York City, the most populous city in the United States, located in the state of New York * New York (state), a state in the northeastern United States New York may also refer to: Film and television * New ...
, West Point was identified by General
George Washington George Washington (February 22, 1732, 1799) was an American soldier, statesman, and Founding Fathers of the United States, Founding Father who served as the first President of the United States from 1789 to 1797. Appointed by the Continenta ...

George Washington
as the most important strategic position in America during the
American Revolution The American Revolution was an ideological and political revolution which occurred in colonial North America between 1765 and 1783. The Americans in the Thirteen Colonies The Thirteen Colonies, also known as the Thirteen British Colo ...
. Until January 1778, West Point was not occupied by the military. On January 27, 1778, Brigadier General
Samuel Holden Parsons Samuel Holden Parsons (May 14, 1737 – November 17, 1789) was an American lawyer, jurist, generalHeitman, ''Officers of the Continental Army'', 428. in the Continental Army The Continental Army was formed by the Second Continental Congress a ...
and his brigade crossed the ice on the Hudson River and climbed to the plain on West Point and from that day to the present, West Point has been occupied by the United States Army. It comprises approximately including the campus of the
United States Military Academy The United States Military Academy (USMA), also known as West Point or simply Army is a four-year United States service academies, United States service academy in West Point, New York. It was originally established as a fort, as it si ...
, which is commonly called "West Point". It is a
Census Designated Place A census-designated place (CDP) is a concentration of population defined by the United States Census Bureau The United States Census Bureau (USCB), officially the Bureau of the Census, is a principal agency of the Federal Statistical System ...
(CDP) located in the Town of Highlands in Orange County, located on the western bank of the
Hudson River The Hudson River is a river that flows from north to south primarily through eastern New York (state), New York in the United States. It originates in the Adirondack Mountains of Upstate New York and flows southward through the Hudson Valley ...

Hudson River
. The population was 6,763 at the 2010 census. It is part of the New York–Newark–Jersey City, NY–NJ–PA Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the larger New York–Newark, NY–NJ–CT–PA Combined Statistical Area.


History

West Point (then known as
Fort Clinton Fort Clinton was an American Revolutionary War The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the Revolutionary War and the American War of Independence, was initiated by delegates from Thirteen Colonies, thirteen American colo ...
), was a fortified site during the
Revolutionary WarRevolutionary War(s) may refer to: * American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), the armed conflict between Great Britain and 13 of its North American colonies, which had declared themselves the independent United States of America * French Revolution ...
. Originally picked because of the abnormal S-curve in the
Hudson River The Hudson River is a river that flows from north to south primarily through eastern New York (state), New York in the United States. It originates in the Adirondack Mountains of Upstate New York and flows southward through the Hudson Valley ...

Hudson River
at this point, the defenses of West Point were designed by Polish military engineer
Tadeusz Kościuszko Andrzej Tadeusz Bonawentura Kościuszko ( en, Andrew Thaddeus Bonaventure Kosciuszko; 4 or 12 February 174615 October 1817) was a Polish-Lithuanian military engineer Military engineering is loosely defined as the art, science, and practic ...

Tadeusz Kościuszko
, who served as a brigadier general in the
Continental Army The Continental Army was the army of the Thirteen Colonies and the Revolutionary-era United States. It was formed by the Second Continental Congress after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, and was established by a resolution of ...
. It was staffed by a small garrison of Continental Army Soldiers from early in 1776 through the end of the war. A great iron chain was laid across the Hudson at this point in 1778 in order to prevent British Navy vessels from sailing further up the
Hudson River The Hudson River is a river that flows from north to south primarily through eastern New York (state), New York in the United States. It originates in the Adirondack Mountains of Upstate New York and flows southward through the Hudson Valley ...

Hudson River
, but it was never tested by the British. The site comprised multiple
redoubt A redoubt (historically redout) is a Fortification, fort or fort system usually consisting of an enclosed defensive emplacement outside a larger fort, usually relying on Earthworks (engineering), earthworks, although some are constructed of ston ...
s, as well as
Fort Putnam Fort Putnam was a military garrison during the Revolutionary WarRevolutionary War(s) may refer to: * American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), the armed conflict between Great Britain and 13 of its North American colonies, which had declared the ...
, situated on a high hill overlooking the river. Named after its builder, Revolutionary War General and engineer
Rufus Putnam Brigadier General (United States), Brigadier-General Rufus Putnam (April 9, 1738 – May 4, 1824) was a colonial military officer during the French and Indian War, and a general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. As an ...
, the fort is still preserved in its original design. In perhaps the most infamous act of treason in American history, General
Benedict Arnold Benedict Arnold (Brandt (1994), p. 414 June 1801) was an United States, American military officer who served during the American Revolutionary War, Revolutionary War. He fought with distinction for the American Continental Army, rising to the r ...

Benedict Arnold
attempted to turn the site over to the
British Army The British Army is the principal Army, land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of the British Armed Forces. , the British Army comprises 80,040 regular full-time personnel and 30,020 Army Reserve (United Kingdom), reserve personnel ...
in 1780 for a
bribe Bribery is defined by ''Black's Law Dictionary ''Black's Law Dictionary'' is the most widely used law dictionary Image:Legal Dictionaries.jpg, 300px, Several English and Russian legal dictionaries A law dictionary (also known as legal dictionary) ...

bribe
consisting of a commission as a brigadier general in the British Army and a cash reward of £20,000 (about $1.3M in 2009 dollars). However, Arnold's plot failed when British Major
John André John André (2 May 1751''Gravesite–Memorial''
Westminster ...

John André
was captured as a spy by the Americans. Arnold received a decreased cash reward of £6,000 (roughly $350,000) but was commissioned as a brigadier general in the British Army. After the conclusion of the
American Revolution The American Revolution was an ideological and political revolution which occurred in colonial North America between 1765 and 1783. The Americans in the Thirteen Colonies The Thirteen Colonies, also known as the Thirteen British Colo ...
, West Point was used as a storage facility for cannon and other military property used by the
Continental Army The Continental Army was the army of the Thirteen Colonies and the Revolutionary-era United States. It was formed by the Second Continental Congress after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, and was established by a resolution of ...
. For two months in 1784, the United States Army consisted of only about 80 soldiers under the command of Brevet Major
John Doughty John Doughty (July 25, 1754September 16, 1826) was an United States, American military officer who briefly served as the Commanding General of the United States Army, senior officer of the United States Army in 1784. Holding the rank of major at th ...

John Doughty
at West Point. The
United States Military Academy The United States Military Academy (USMA), also known as West Point or simply Army is a four-year United States service academies, United States service academy in West Point, New York. It was originally established as a fort, as it si ...
was established at West Point in 1802 and is the nation's oldest service academy. West Point has the distinction of being the longest continuously occupied United States military installation. In 1937, the West Point Bullion Depository was constructed; in 1988, it became the
West Point Mint The West Point Mint Facility is a U.S. Mint production and depository facility erected in 1937 near the U.S. Military Academy in West Point, New York, West Point, New York (state), New York, United States. The mint is part of the US Bullion Deposit ...

West Point Mint
, as a branch of the United States Mint.


Geography and climate

West Point is located at 41° 23′ N 73° 58' W. According to the
United States Census Bureau The United States Census Bureau (USCB), officially the Bureau of the Census, is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, ...
, the CDP has a total area of ; land and water. West Point and the contiguous village of Highland Falls are on the west bank of the
Hudson River The Hudson River is a river that flows from north to south primarily through eastern New York (state), New York in the United States. It originates in the Adirondack Mountains of Upstate New York and flows southward through the Hudson Valley ...

Hudson River
. West Point has a
humid continental A humid continental climate is a climate, climatic region defined by Russo-German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1900, typified by four distinct seasons and large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and ...
climate ( Köppen ''Dfa''), with four distinct seasons. Summers are hot and humid, while winters are cold with moderate snowfall. The monthly daily average temperature ranges from in January to in July; on average, temperatures reaching or occur on 17 and 1.4 days of the year, respectively. The average annual precipitation is approximately , which is distributed fairly evenly throughout the year; snow averages per season, although this total may vary considerably from year to year. Extremes in temperature range from on July 22, 1926 down to on February 9, 1934.


Demographics

As of the
census A census is the procedure of systematically calculating, acquiring and recording information Information is processed, organised and structured data Data (; ) are individual facts, statistics, or items of information, often numeric. In ...

census
of 2010 there were 6,763 people, and 685 households residing in the CDP. The
population density Population density (in agriculture: Stock (disambiguation), standing stock or plant density) is a measurement of population per unit area, or exceptionally unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to livin ...

population density
was 293.4 per square mile (113.3/km2). There were 1,044 housing units at an average density of 42.9/sq mi (16.6/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 82.31%
White White is the lightest color and is achromatic (having no hue). It is the color of snow, chalk, and milk, and is the opposite of black. White objects fully diffuse reflection, reflect and scattering, scatter all the visible spectrum, visible wa ...
, 9.09%
African American African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identity (social science), identify with each other on the basis of shared attributes that ...
, 0.50%
Native American Native Americans may refer to: Ethnic groups * Indigenous peoples of the Americas, the pre-Columbian peoples of North and South America and their descendants * Native Americans in the United States * Indigenous peoples in Canada, the indigenous p ...
, 3.35%
Asian Asian may refer to: * Items from or related to the continent of Asia: ** Asian people, people in or descending from Asia ** Asian culture, the culture of the people from Asia ** Asian cuisine, food based on the style of food of the people from Asi ...
, 0.15%
Pacific Islander Pacific Islanders, Pacificer, Pasifika, or Pasefika, are the peoples of the Pacific Islands. It is a geographic and ethnic/racial term to describe the inhabitants and diaspora of any of the three major sub-regions of Oceania Oceania (, , ...
, 1.64% from
other races Other most often refers to: * Other (philosophy), a concept in psychology and philosophy Other or The Other may also refer to: Books * The Other (Tryon novel), ''The Other'' (Tryon novel), a 1971 horror novel by Tom Tryon * The Other (short story ...
, and 2.96% from two or more races.
Hispanic The term ''Hispanic'' ( es, hispano) refers to people, cultures Culture () is an umbrella term which encompasses the social behavior Social behavior is behavior Behavior (American English) or behaviour (British English; American and B ...
or
Latino Latino or Latinos most often refers to: * Latino (demonym), a term used in the United States for people with cultural ties to Latin America * Hispanic and Latino Americans in the United States * The people or cultures of Latin America; ** Latin Am ...
of any race were 6.56% of the population. There were 685 households, out of which 75.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 87.8% were
married couples in Stockholm Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a culturally recognised union between people, called spouses, that establishes rights and obligations between them, as well as between them and their children, and between them ...

married couples
living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 5.7% were non-families. 5.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and none had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.69. The age distribution is 16.7% under the age of 18, 51.2% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 3.8% from 45 to 64, and 0.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 21 years. For every 100 females, there were 207.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 259.7 males. All of these statistics are typical for military bases. The median income for a household in the CDP was $56,516, and the median income for a family was $56,364. About 2.0% of families and 2.0% of the population were below the
poverty line The poverty threshold, poverty limit, poverty line or breadline is the minimum level of income In microeconomics, income is the Consumption (economics), consumption and saving opportunity gained by an entity within a specified timeframe, w ...
, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.


Notable people

* Actor
Tony Hale Anthony Russell Hale (born September 30, 1970) is an American actor and comedian. He is known for his role in the Fox comedy series '' Arrested Development'' as the neurotic Buster Bluth. Hale played Gary Walsh on the HBO comedy ''Veep'' from ...

Tony Hale
was born in West Point. * Painter Edith Hoyt was born in West Point. * Author
Gore Vidal Eugene Luther Gore Vidal (; born Eugene Louis Vidal, October 3, 1925 – July 31, 2012) was an American writer and public intellectual An intellectual is a person who engages in critical thinking, research, and Human self-reflection, reflec ...
* Naval officer and historian
Alfred Thayer Mahan Alfred Thayer Mahan (; September 27, 1840 – December 1, 1914) was a United States naval officer and historian ( 484– 425 BC) was a Greek historian who lived in the 5th century BC and one of the earliest historians whose work survives. A ...
* WWE Hall of Famer
Ricky Steamboat Richard Henry Blood Sr. (born February 28, 1953), better known by his ring name A ring name is a type of stage name A stage name is a pseudonym used by performers and entertainers such as actors, comedians, singers, and musicians. Such titl ...

Ricky Steamboat


Transportation

U.S. Route 9W U.S. Route 9W (US 9W) is a north–south U.S. Highway in the states of New Jersey New Jersey is a U.S. state, state in the Mid-Atlantic States, Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern United States, Northeastern regions of the United Sta ...
, combined with New York State Route 218 run north-south through West Point. New York Route 293 also runs northeast-southwest through the post. Running through the lower portion of the town is
U.S. Route 6 U.S. Route 6 (US 6), also called the Grand Army of the Republic Highway, honoring the American Civil War The American Civil War (also known by Names of the American Civil War, other names) was a civil war in the United States fro ...
, combined with the upper extent of the
Palisades Interstate Parkway The Palisades Interstate Parkway (PIP) is a limited-access highway A limited-access road, known by various terms worldwide, including limited-access highway, dual-carriageway, expressway, and partial controlled access highway, is a highway or ...
. The
New York Central Railroad The New York Central Railroad was a railroad primarily operating in the Great Lakes region, Great Lakes and Mid-Atlantic (United States), Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The railroad primarily connected New York metropolitan area, gr ...
well into the 1950s operated several passenger trains a day on the
West Shore Railroad The West Shore Railroad was the final name of a railroad Rail transport (also known as train transport) is a means of transferring passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, which are located on tracks. In contrast to ro ...
through the academy's Gothic style station; both the limited stop trains bound for Albany and the local trains to Newburgh and Kingston made stops at the station. Service finally ended in 1958.


Train station gallery

File:VIEW OF RAILROAD STATION, LOOKING NORTH - U. S. Military Academy, West Shore Railroad Passenger Station, West Point, Orange County, NY HABS NY,36-WEPO,1-29-1.tif, View of the
West Shore Railroad The West Shore Railroad was the final name of a railroad Rail transport (also known as train transport) is a means of transferring passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, which are located on tracks. In contrast to ro ...
station, looking north (ca. 1980) File:VIEW OF RAILROAD STATION, LOOKING SOUTH - U. S. Military Academy, West Shore Railroad Passenger Station, West Point, Orange County, NY HABS NY,36-WEPO,1-29-2.tif, View of station, looking south (ca. 1980) File:INTERIOR VIEW, LOOKING SOUTH - U. S. Military Academy, West Shore Railroad Passenger Station, West Point, Orange County, NY HABS NY,36-WEPO,1-29-4.tif, Station interior File:DETAIL OF DOORWAY, EAST SIDE - U. S. Military Academy, West Shore Railroad Passenger Station, West Point, Orange County, NY HABS NY,36-WEPO,1-29-3.tif, Entry door, trackside view


See also

*


References


External links


Visit Orange County West Point, NY
* {{Authority control Census-designated places in Orange County, New York Poughkeepsie–Newburgh–Middletown metropolitan area New York (state) populated places on the Hudson River Highlands, New York