Wen Wu Ding or Wen Ding (), personal name Zǐ Tuō, was a king of the
Shang dynasty The Shang dynasty (), also historically known as the Yin dynasty (), was a Chinese dynasty Dynasties in Chinese history, or Chinese dynasties, were hereditary monarchical regimes that ruled over China during much of its history. From ...

Shang dynasty
Ancient China The earliest known written records of the history of China date from as early as 1250 BC, from the Shang dynasty (c. 1600–1046 BC), during the king Wu Ding's reign, who was mentioned as the twenty-first Shang king by the same. Ancient his ...

Ancient China
. His reign was from 1116 to 1106 BC.


According to ''
Bamboo Annals The ''Bamboo Annals'' (), also known as the ''Ji Tomb Annals'' (), is a chronicle A chronicle ( la, chronica, from Greek language, Greek ''chroniká'', from , ''chrónos'' – "time") is a historical account of events arranged in chronology, ...
'', his capital was at
(殷) or Zimou. In the second year of his reign, his vassal Jili of Zhou attacked the
Yanjing Ji or Jicheng was an ancient city in northern China, which has become the longest continuously inhabited section of modern Beijing Beijing ( ), Chinese postal romanization, alternatively romanized as Peking ( ), is the Capital city, capital ...
Rong (), but they defeated him.
Sima Qian Sima Qian (; ; ) was a Chinese historian of the early Han dynasty The Han dynasty () was the second Dynasties in Chinese history, imperial dynasty of China (202 BC – 220 AD), established by the rebel leader Liu Bang and ruled by the H ...

Sima Qian
, ''
Records of the Grand Historian The ''Records of the Grand Historian'', also known by its Chinese name ''Shiji'', is a monumental history of ancient China and the world finished around 94 BC by the Western Han Dynasty official Sima Qian after having been started by his father ...

Records of the Grand Historian
During his third year, the
Huan River The Huan River (), or Anyang River (), is a river in Henan Henan (; ; alternatively Honan) is a landlocked province of China Provincial-level administrative divisions () or first-level administrative divisions (), are the highest-level ...
() dried up. In his fourth year, Jili attacked the Yuwu Rong () and was victorious, making Yuwu into a Zhou client. In his seventh year, Jili attacked the Hu Rong () and was again victorious. Several years later, Jili defeated the Xitu Rong () and captured three of their generals. Worried that Zhou was growing too powerful, Wen Ding sent Jili to a city called Saiku () and had him assassinated there.


{{DEFAULTSORT:Wen Wu Ding Shang dynasty kings 12th-century BC Chinese monarchs 1100s BC deaths