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Vincent Kennedy McMahon (; born August 24, 1945) is an American
professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and performing art, which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhibitions, called 'matches', held by touring companies called Professional wrestling promotion, promotions, in ...
promoter, executive, and also
media proprietor A media proprietor, media mogul or media tycoon refers to a successful entrepreneur or businessperson who controls, through personal ownership or via a dominant position in any media related company or enterprise, media consumed by many individual ...
. He is currently serving as the chairman and chief executive officer of
WWE World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc., d/b/a WWE, is an American integrated media and entertainment company that is primarily known for professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving ...
, the largest professional wrestling promotion in the world. He is also the founder and owner of Alpha Entertainment. McMahon was born in
Pinehurst, North Carolina Pinehurst is a village in Moore County, North Carolina, United States. As of the 2010 census2010 census may refer to: * 2010 Chinese Census * 2010 Dominican Republic Census * 2010 Indonesian census * 2010 Malaysian Census * 2010 Russian Census ...

Pinehurst, North Carolina
, and graduated from
East Carolina University East Carolina University (ECU) is a public university, public research university in Greenville, North Carolina. It is the fourth largest university in North Carolina. Founded on March 8, 1907, as a Normal school, teacher training school, East C ...

East Carolina University
with a degree in business in 1968. He commentated for his father Vincent J. McMahon's then-WWWF for most of the 1970s, bought it in 1982, and almost monopolized the industry, which previously operated as separate fiefdoms across the United States. This led to the development of the annual
WrestleMania WrestleMania is a professional wrestling event produced annually between mid-March and mid-April by WWE, an American professional wrestling promotion based in Stamford, Connecticut. WWE first produced the event in WrestleMania 1, 1985 and has s ...

WrestleMania
, which has since become the most successful professional wrestling event ever. WWE faced industry competition from
World Championship Wrestling World Championship Wrestling, Inc. (WCW) was an American professional wrestling promotion A professional wrestling promotion is a company or business that regularly performs shows involving professional wrestling. "Promotion" also describes a ro ...
(WCW) in the 1990s, before purchasing the competing company in 2001. WWE also purchased the assets of the defunct
Extreme Championship Wrestling HHG Corporation, doing business as Extreme Championship Wrestling (ECW), was a professional wrestling promotion and media company that was based in Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The promotion was founded in 1992 by Tod Gordon and i ...
(ECW) in 2003. McMahon has embarked on a number of WWE-related ventures; in 2014, he launched the
WWE Network WWE Network is an American subscription video on-demand over-the-top streaming Streaming media is multimedia Multimedia is a form of communication that combines different content forms such as text, audio, images, animations, or video ...
, a subscription video on-demand over-the-top
streaming Streaming media is multimedia Multimedia is a form of communication that combines different content forms such as text, audio, images, animations, or video into a single presentation, in contrast to traditional mass media, such as printed ...
service. McMahon also owns other WWE subsidiaries related to
multimedia Multimedia is a form of communication that combines different such as , , , , or into a single interactive presentation, in contrast to traditional mass media which featured little to no interaction fr ...

multimedia
, such as
film A film, also called a movie, motion picture or moving picture, is a work of visual art The visual arts are art forms such as painting Painting is the practice of applying paint Paint is any pigmented liquid, liquefiable, ...
,
music Music is the of arranging s in time through the of melody, harmony, rhythm, and timbre. It is one of the aspects of all human societies. General include common elements such as (which governs and ), (and its associated concepts , , and ...
, and
magazines A magazine is a periodical publication Periodical literature (also called a periodical publication or simply a periodical) is a category of serial Serial may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media The presentation of works in sequential ...
, as well as a professional wrestling school system. Outside of wrestling, McMahon joint-owned and operated the XFL, a football league, twice; both iterations folded after a single season with the second due to the
COVID-19 pandemic The COVID-19 pandemic is an ongoing global pandemic A pandemic (from , , "all" and , , "local people" the 'crowd') is an of an that has spread across a large region, for instance multiple or worldwide, affecting a substantial numbe ...

COVID-19 pandemic
. He also headed the short-lived
World Bodybuilding Federation The World Bodybuilding Federation (WBF) was a bodybuilding organization founded in 1990 by Vince McMahon that lasted until 1992. It was a subsidiary of Titan Sports, which owned and operated the WWE, World Wrestling Federation (now WWE). Histor ...
, and co-owns the clothing brand Tapout. McMahon has been a familiar face to wrestling fans since the 1970s, with his public-facing career divided into two distinct periods: before 1997, when he was presented almost exclusively as a jovial announcer and his ownership of the promotion was only very rarely hinted at; and after, when he adapted his real-life persona to create the
gimmick A gimmick is a novel device or idea designed primarily to attract attention or increase appeal, often with little intrinsic value. When applied to retail marketing Once the strategic plan is in place, retail managers turn to the more managerial as ...
of ''Mr. McMahon'', a wildly swagger-walking, suit-wearing, irascible tyrant obsessed with maintaining tight, agenda-driven control of his company at any cost, with the catch phrase "You'rrre firrred!!!" In this guise, he has occasionally stepped into the ring to compete and is a two-time
world champion A world championship is generally an international competition open to elite competitors from around the world, representing their nations, and winning such an event will be considered the highest or near highest achievement in the sport, game, or ...
, a
Royal Rumble The Royal Rumble is a professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned in advance, typically between performers with established ...
match winner and multi-time
pay-per-view Pay-per-view (PPV) is a type of or service that enables a viewer to pay to watch individual events via private telecast. Events can be purchased through a platform using their , an automated telephone system, or through a live . There has been ...
headliner. Vince is the eldest living member of the
McMahon family The McMahon family is a prominent Irish Americans, Irish-American family, primarily known for their involvement in the professional wrestling business. They are the founders, owners, and promoters of the world's largest wrestling company, WWE, Wor ...
that is still involved in the wrestling industry, and is a third-generation wrestling promoter, following his grandfather Jess and father Vincent. He married
Linda Linda may refer to: As a name * Linda (given name) Linda is a female given name, of German origin, but widespread in the English-speaking world since the end of the nineteenth century. The German name ''Linde'' was originally an abbreviated form ...

Linda
in 1966, is the father of
Stephanie Image:Großherzogin Stephanie von Baden.jpg, Painting of Stéphanie Anne Donnell de Beauharnais by François Pascal Simon, Baron Gérard (1806) Stephanie is a female name that comes from the Greek language, Greek name Στέφανος (Stephanos) ...

Stephanie
and
Shane
Shane
, and father-in-law of
Triple H Paul Michael Levesque (born July 27, 1969), better known by the ring name A ring name is a type of stage name used by an athlete such as a Professional wrestling, professional wrestler, Mixed martial arts, mixed martial artist, or Boxing, bo ...
.


Early life

Vincent Kennedy McMahon was born on August 24, 1945, in
Pinehurst, North Carolina Pinehurst is a village in Moore County, North Carolina, United States. As of the 2010 census2010 census may refer to: * 2010 Chinese Census * 2010 Dominican Republic Census * 2010 Indonesian census * 2010 Malaysian Census * 2010 Russian Census ...

Pinehurst, North Carolina
, the younger son of Victoria (née Askew) and Vincent James McMahon. McMahon's father left the family when he was still a baby, and took his elder son, Rod, with him, so he did not meet his father until he was aged 12. McMahon's paternal grandfather was fellow promoter Roderick James "Jess" McMahon, whose parents were immigrants of Irish descent, from
County Galway County Galway ( ; gle, Contae na Gaillimhe) is a county A county is a geographical region In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics (physical geography), human impact characteristics (human ...
. His paternal grandmother, Rose Davis, was also of Irish descent. McMahon was raised as Vinnie Lupton and spent the majority of his childhood living with his mother and stepfathers. McMahon claimed that one of his stepfathers, Leo Lupton, used to beat his mother and attacked him when he tried to protect her. He later said "It is unfortunate that he died before I could kill him. I would have enjoyed that." He attended
Fishburne Military School Fishburne Military School (FMS) is a Private school, private, Military academy, military boarding school for Single-sex education, boys in Waynesboro, Virginia, Waynesboro, Virginia, United States. It was founded by James A. Fishburne in 1879 and ...

Fishburne Military School
in
Waynesboro, Virginia Waynesboro (formerly Flack) is an independent city in the Commonwealth A commonwealth is a traditional English term for a political community founded for the common good In philosophy Philosophy (from , ) is the study of general a ...
, graduating in 1964, and also overcame
dyslexia Dyslexia, also known as reading disorder, is a disorder characterized by difficulty reading Reading is the process of taking in the sense or meaning of letters, symbols, ''etc.'', especially by sight or touch. For educators and researche ...

dyslexia
.


Business career


World Wide Wrestling Federation (1969–1979)

McMahon first met the promoter for
Capitol Wrestling Corporation Capitol Wrestling Corporation Ltd. was an American sports promotion company. It was run by Vincent J. McMahon from 1953–1982. Operating as the Capitol Wrestling Corporation (CWC), the company was originally a professional wrestling Profession ...
(CWC), his father, Vincent J. McMahon, when 12. At that point, McMahon became interested in following his father's professional wrestling footsteps and often accompanied him on trips to
Madison Square Garden Madison Square Garden, colloquially known as The Garden or by its initials MSG, is a multi-purpose indoor arena in New York City New York, often called New York City to distinguish it from New York State New York is a state Stat ...

Madison Square Garden
. McMahon wanted to be a wrestler, but his father did not let him explaining that promoters did not appear on the show and should stay apart from their wrestlers. In 1968, McMahon graduated from
East Carolina University East Carolina University (ECU) is a public university, public research university in Greenville, North Carolina. It is the fourth largest university in North Carolina. Founded on March 8, 1907, as a Normal school, teacher training school, East C ...

East Carolina University
with a business degree and after a nondescript career as a traveling salesman, he was eager to assume a managerial role in his father's
World Wide Wrestling Federation Capitol Wrestling Corporation Ltd. was an American sports promotion company. It was run by Vincent J. McMahon from 1953–1982. Operating as the Capitol Wrestling Corporation (CWC), the company was originally a professional wrestling Prof ...
promotion. In 1969, McMahon made his debut as an in-ring announcer for the WWWF's ''
All-Star Wrestling All Star Wrestling is a United Kingdom, British professional wrestling promotion also known as All Star Promotions, Superslam Wrestling and Big Time Wrestling and originally known as Wrestling Enterprises (of Birkenhead), run by Brian Dixon and b ...
''. In 1971, he was assigned to a small territory in Maine, where he promoted his first card. He later became the play-by-play commentator for television matches after replacing
Ray Morgan Ray Morgan may refer to: * Ray Morgan (baseball), American baseball player * Ray Morgan (announcer), American radio and television announcer * Ray Morgan (curler), American curler See also

* Raymond C. Morgan, American football and basketball ...
in 1971, a role he regularly maintained until November 1997. In the 1970s, McMahon became prominent force in his father's company and, over the next decade, assisted his father in tripling TV syndication. He pushed for the renaming of the company to the World Wrestling Federation (WWF). The younger McMahon was also behind the
Muhammad Ali Muhammad Ali (; born Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr.; January 17, 1942 – June 3, 2016) was an American professional boxer, activist, entertainer, poet and philanthropist. Nicknamed The Greatest, he is widely regarded as one of the most significa ...

Muhammad Ali
versus
Antonio Inoki Muhammad Hussain Inoki (born on February 20, 1943) is a Japanese retired professional wrestler, martial artist Martial arts are codified systems and traditions of combat practiced for a number of reasons such as self-defense; military and law e ...
match of 1976. In 1979, the younger McMahon and his wife,
Linda Linda may refer to: As a name * Linda (given name) Linda is a female given name, of German origin, but widespread in the English-speaking world since the end of the nineteenth century. The German name ''Linde'' was originally an abbreviated form ...

Linda
, founded their own company, Titan Sports, which was incorporated in the following year, and in 1982, acquired control of the CWC from his ailing father (who died in May 1984).


World Wrestling Federation/World Wrestling Entertainment/WWE


1980s wrestling boom/Golden Age Era

On February 21, 1980, McMahon officially founded Titan Sports and the company's headquarters were established in
South Yarmouth, Massachusetts Image:South-Yarmouth rotary.JPG, 200px, The first traffic rotary in the United States stands at the intersection of River Street and Pleasant Street. South Yarmouth is an unincorporated village and census-designated place (CDP) in the town of Yarmo ...
, using the now-defunct Cape Cod Coliseum as a home base for the company. McMahon then became chairman of the company and his wife, Linda, became the "co-chief executive". When he purchased the WWF, professional wrestling was a business run by regional promotions. Various promoters understood that they would not invade each other's territories, as this practice had gone on undeterred for decades; McMahon had a different vision of what the industry could become. In 1983, the WWF split from the
National Wrestling Alliance The National Wrestling Alliance (NWA) is an American professional wrestling promotion A professional wrestling promotion is a company A company, abbreviated as co., is a legal entity In law, a legal person is any person A person (p ...
a second time, after initially splitting from them in 1963 before rejoining them in 1971. The NWA became the governing body for all the regional territories across the country and as far away as Japan. He began expanding the company nationally by promoting in areas outside of the company's Northeast U.S. stomping grounds and by signing talent from other companies, such as the
American Wrestling Association The American Wrestling Association (AWA) was an American professional wrestling promotion A professional wrestling promotion is a company A company, abbreviated as co., is a Legal personality, legal entity representing an association of peopl ...
(AWA). In 1984, he recruited
Hulk Hogan Terry Eugene Bollea (, born August 11, 1953), better known by his ring name A ring name is a type of stage name used by an athlete such as a Professional wrestling, professional wrestler, Mixed martial arts, mixed martial artist, or Boxing, ...

Hulk Hogan
to be the WWF's charismatic new megastar, and the two quickly drew the ire of industry peers as the promotion began traveling and broadcasting into rival territories. Nevertheless, McMahon (who still also fronted as the WWF's squeaky clean babyface announcer) created '' The Rock 'n' Wrestling Connection'' by incorporating pop music stars into wrestling storylines. As a result, the WWF was able to expand its fanbase into a national mainstream audience as the promotion was featured heavily on MTV programming. On March 31, 1985, he ran the first WrestleMania at
Madison Square Garden Madison Square Garden, colloquially known as The Garden or by its initials MSG, is a multi-purpose indoor arena in New York City New York, often called New York City to distinguish it from New York State New York is a state Stat ...

Madison Square Garden
, available on
closed circuit television Closed-circuit television (CCTV), also known as video surveillance, is the use of video cameras to transmit a signal to a specific place, on a limited set of monitors. It differs from broadcast television in that the signal is not openly tr ...
in various markets throughout the United States. McMahon's success of birthing
WrestleMania WrestleMania is a professional wrestling event produced annually between mid-March and mid-April by WWE, an American professional wrestling promotion based in Stamford, Connecticut. WWE first produced the event in WrestleMania 1, 1985 and has s ...

WrestleMania
in the 1980s had a siginifant impact on the 1980s professional wrestling boom during the Golden Age Era. During the late 1980s, McMahon shaped the WWF into a unique sports entertainment brand that reached out to family audiences while attracting fans who hadn't paid attention to pro wrestling before. By directing his storylines toward highly-publicized supercards, McMahon capitalized on a fledgling revenue stream by promoting these events live on
pay-per-view Pay-per-view (PPV) is a type of or service that enables a viewer to pay to watch individual events via private telecast. Events can be purchased through a platform using their , an automated telephone system, or through a live . There has been ...
television. In 1987, the WWF reportedly drew 93,173 fans to the
Pontiac Silverdome The Pontiac Silverdome (also known simply as the Silverdome) was a stadium in Pontiac, Michigan Pontiac ( ') is a city in and the county seat of Oakland County, Michigan, Oakland County in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 United ...
(which was called the "biggest crowd in sports-entertainment history") for
WrestleMania III WrestleMania III was the third annual WrestleMania professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) List of WWE pay-per-view events, event produced by the WWE, World Wrestling Federation (WWF, now WWE). The event was held on March 29, 1987, at the Pontia ...
, which featured the main event of Hulk Hogan vs.
André the Giant André René Roussimoff (; 19 May 1946 – 27 January 1993) was a French professional wrestler and actor. He was better known by his ring name André the Giant, and was best known for his time in the WWE, World Wide Wrestling Federation/World Wr ...
.


New Generation Era

In 1993, the company entered the New Generation Era. The Era was one of McMahon’s toughest times since taking over the company as business went up and down with various projects in the company.


Attitude Era

After struggling against
Ted Turner Robert Edward Turner III (born November 19, 1938) is an American entrepreneur, television producer, media proprietor A media proprietor, media mogul or media tycoon refers to a successful entrepreneur or businessperson who controls, through ...

Ted Turner
's
World Championship Wrestling World Championship Wrestling, Inc. (WCW) was an American professional wrestling promotion A professional wrestling promotion is a company or business that regularly performs shows involving professional wrestling. "Promotion" also describes a ro ...
(WCW), McMahon cemented the WWF as the preeminent wrestling promotion in the late 1990s when initiating a new brand strategy that eventually returned the WWF to prominence. Sensing a public shift toward a more hardened and cynical fan base, McMahon redirected storylines towards a more adult-oriented model. The concept became known as "WWF Attitude" and McMahon commenced the new era when manipulating the
WWF Championship The WWE Championship is a world heavyweight championship created and promoted by the American professional wrestling promotion WWE, currently defended on their Raw brand division. It is one of WWE's three world titles, alongside the Univer ...
away from
Bret Hart Bret Sergeant Hart (born July 2, 1957) is a Canadian-American Canadian Americans is a term that can be applied to American citizens Citizenship is the Status (law), status of a person recognized under the law of a country (and/or lo ...
at
Survivor Series Survivor Series is a professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and performing art, which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhibitions, called 'matches', held by touring companies called ...
(now known as the "
Montreal Screwjob The Montreal Screwjob (also called the Montreal Incident; French: ''Le Coup Tordu de Montréal'' lit. Montreal's Twisted Coup) was an infamous and controversial unscripted professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhi ...
"). McMahon, who, for years, had downplayed his ownership of the company and was mostly known as a commentator, became involved in WWF storylines as the
evil Evil, in a general sense, is defined by what it is not—the opposite or absence of good 125px, In many Western religions, angels are considered to be good beings and are contrasted with devils who are considered evil In most contexts, t ...
Mr. McMahon, who began a legendary feud with
Stone Cold Steve Austin Steve Austin (born Steven James Anderson, December 18, 1964; later Steven James Williams) is an American television host, actor, and retired professional wrestler Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment inv ...

Stone Cold Steve Austin
, who challenged his authority. As a result, the WWF suddenly found itself back in national pop-culture, drawing millions of viewers for its weekly ''
Monday Night Raw ''WWE Raw'', also known as ''Monday Night Raw'' or simply ''Raw'', is an American professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and performing art, which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhi ...
'' broadcasts, which ranked among the highest-rated shows on cable television. In October 1999, McMahon led the WWF in an
initial public offering An initial public offering (IPO) or stock launch is a public offering A public offering is the offering of securities A security is a tradable financial asset. The term commonly refers to any form of financial instrument, but its legal defi ...
of company stock. Also, during the Attitude Era, the company embraced this period by incorporating foul language, graphic violence, and controversial stipulations such as Bra and Panties matches.


Monday Night Wars and acquisition of WCW and ECW

On June 24, 1999, McMahon appeared on the
Late Night with Conan O'Brien ''Late Night with Conan O'Brien'' is an American late-night talk show hosted by Conan O'Brien Conan Christopher O'Brien (born April 18, 1963) is an American television host, comedian, writer, and producer. He is best known for hosting se ...
show and talked about how he viewed
Ted Turner Robert Edward Turner III (born November 19, 1938) is an American entrepreneur, television producer, media proprietor A media proprietor, media mogul or media tycoon refers to a successful entrepreneur or businessperson who controls, through ...

Ted Turner
his rival competitor, stating that "All I'll say about Ted is he's a son-of-a-bitch, other than that, he's probably not a bad guy, but I don't like him at all". McMahon later came out victorious against Ted Turner's
World Championship Wrestling World Championship Wrestling, Inc. (WCW) was an American professional wrestling promotion A professional wrestling promotion is a company or business that regularly performs shows involving professional wrestling. "Promotion" also describes a ro ...
(WCW) in the TV ratings in the
Monday Night Wars The Monday Night Wars were a period of mainstream televised American professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and , which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhibitions, called 'matches', h ...
after an initial 84 week TV rating loss to WCW and afterward acquired the fading
World Championship Wrestling World Championship Wrestling, Inc. (WCW) was an American professional wrestling promotion A professional wrestling promotion is a company or business that regularly performs shows involving professional wrestling. "Promotion" also describes a ro ...
(WCW) from
Turner Broadcasting System Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. (abbreviated as Turner) is an American television and media conglomerate A media conglomerate, media group, or media institution is a company A company, abbreviated as co., is a Legal personality, legal e ...
on March 23, 2001 with an end to the Monday Night Wars. On April 1, 2001,
Extreme Championship Wrestling HHG Corporation, doing business as Extreme Championship Wrestling (ECW), was a professional wrestling promotion and media company that was based in Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The promotion was founded in 1992 by Tod Gordon and i ...
(ECW) filed for bankruptcy leaving WWF as the last major wrestling promotion at that time. McMahon later acquired the assets of ECW on January 28, 2003.
/ref> In September 2020, professional wrestling promoter,
WWE Hall of Fame The WWE Hall of Fame is a hall of fame A hall, wall, or walk of fame is a list of individuals, achievements, or animals, usually chosen by a group of electors, to mark their in their field. In some cases, these halls of fame consist of act ...
r, and former WCW president
Eric Bischoff Eric Aaron Bischoff (born May 27, 1955) is an American entrepreneur, television producer, professional wrestling booker, podcast host, and on-screen personality. He is best known for serving as Executive Producer and later Senior Vice Presiden ...

Eric Bischoff
revealed that during this period of the Monday Night Wars in TV rating battles between WWE and WCW "Vince was petitioning a lot for Ted. He was trying to embarrass Ted, trying to create some anxiety with the shareholders of Turner Broadcasting. Vince was trying to create some unrest and anxiety by being very, very critical about WCW" and "whenever you'd see blood in WCW, Vince would write these letters from the king's court to Ted criticizing him, and WCW, and the health and welfare of the talent by saying it's gross, it's crap, and all this. And then he'd turn around and do the same thing a month later. None of us took any of those letters very seriously, and it was pretty obvious what Vince was trying to do. We all just chuckled about it". In a conference call in 2021, McMahon described the "situation where "rising tides" because that was when Ted Turner was coming after us with all of Time Warner's assets as well".


Company name change and transition to Ruthless Aggression Era

On May 5, 2002, the World Wrestling Federation announced it was changing both its company name and the name of its wrestling promotion to World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE) after the company had lost a lawsuit initiated by the
World Wildlife Fund In its most general sense, the term "world" refers to the totality of entities, to the whole of reality or to everything that is. The nature of the world has been conceptualized differently in different fields. Some conceptions see the worl ...
over the WWF trademark. An unfavorable ruling was initially caused in its dispute, with the World Wildlife Fund regarding the "WWF" initialism and the company noting that it provided an opportunity to emphasize its focus on entertainment. Shortly thereafter, the company transitioned into its Ruthless Aggression Era when McMahon officially referred to the new era as "Ruthless Aggression" on June 24, 2002. This period still featured many similar elements of its predecessor the Attitude Era, including the levels of violence, sex, and profanity, but there was less politically incorrect content, and a further emphasis on wrestling was showcased.


PG Era

In 2008, WWE entered the PG Era. McMahon also stated that the Attitude Era of the late 1990s and early 2000s was the result of competition from WCW and forced the company to "go for the jugular". Due to WCW's demise in 2001, McMahon says that they "don't have to" appeal to viewers in the same way and that during the "far more scripted" PG Era, WWE could "give the audience what they want in a far more sophisticated way". McMahon also stated that the move to PG cut the "excess" of the Attitude Era and "ushered in a new era of refined and compelling storytelling". McMahon also has the most say in the WWE company's creative direction. The move into the PG Era has also made the promotion more appealing to corporate
sponsor Sponsor or sponsorship may refer to a person or organization with some role (especially one of responsibility) regarding another person or organisation: *Sponsor (commercial), supporter of an event, activity, or person *Sponsor (legislative), a pers ...
s. In 2019,
Tony Khan Antony Rafiq Khan (born October 10, 1982) is an American businessman, promoter, and sports executive known for his involvement in American football American football, referred to simply as football in the United States and Canada and a ...

Tony Khan
's
All Elite Wrestling All Elite Wrestling, LLC (AEW) is an American professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and performing art, which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhibitions, called 'matches', held by ...
(better known as AEW) emerged as the second largest professional wrestling promotion in the market after WWE, and during a conference call on July 25, 2019, McMahon announced a new direction for WWE where he stated that it would "be a bit edgier, but still remain in the PG environment". In another conference call on July 29, 2021, McMahon stated that he doesn't consider AEW competition and that he was "not so sure what their investments are as far as their talent is concerned".


Other business dealings

In 1979, Vince and Linda purchased the Cape Cod Coliseum and the
Cape Cod Buccaneers The Cape Cod Buccaneers were a professional ice hockey team based in Cape Cod, Massachusetts, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, MA. They were an inaugural member of the Atlantic Coast Hockey League (1981–87), Atlantic Coast Hockey League and were owned by ...
of the Atlantic Coast Hockey League. In addition to pro wrestling and hockey, they began selling out rock concerts (including
Van Halen Van Halen ( ) was an American Rock music, rock band formed in Pasadena, California in 1973. Credited with "restoring hard rock to the forefront of the music scene", Van Halen was known for its energetic live shows and for the virtuosic talent ...

Van Halen
and
Rush Rush(es) may refer to: Places United States * Rush, Colorado * Rush, Kentucky * Rush, New York * Rush City, Minnesota * Rush Creek (Kishwaukee River tributary), Illinois * Rush Creek (Marin County, California), a stream * Rush Creek (Mono County, ...
) in non-summer months, traditionally considered unprofitable due to lack of tourists. This venture led the McMahons to join the International Association of Arena Managers, learning the details of the arena business and networking with other managers through IAAM conferences, which Linda later called a great benefit to WWE's success. In 1990, McMahon founded the
World Bodybuilding Federation The World Bodybuilding Federation (WBF) was a bodybuilding organization founded in 1990 by Vince McMahon that lasted until 1992. It was a subsidiary of Titan Sports, which owned and operated the WWE, World Wrestling Federation (now WWE). Histor ...
organization, which folded in 1992. In 2000, McMahon again ventured outside the world of professional wrestling by launching the XFL, a professional
American football American football, referred to simply as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular American football field, field with goalposts at each end. ...

American football
league. The league began in February 2001, with McMahon making an appearance at the first game, but folded after one season due to low television ratings. This wasn't until January 25, 2018, when he announced its
resurrection Resurrection or anastasis is the concept of coming back to life after death. In a number of religions, a Dying-and-rising deity, dying-and-rising god is a deity which dies and resurrects. Reincarnation is a similar process hypothesized by ot ...
. The league filed for bankruptcy on April 13, 2020. In February 2014, McMahon helped launch an over-the-top streaming service called the
WWE Network WWE Network is an American subscription video on-demand over-the-top streaming Streaming media is multimedia Multimedia is a form of communication that combines different content forms such as text, audio, images, animations, or video ...
. In 2017, McMahon established and personally funded Alpha Entertainment, a separate entity from WWE.


Professional wrestling career


World Wide/World Wrestling Federation/Entertainment/WWE


Commentator (1971–1997)

Before the evolution of the Mr. McMahon character, McMahon was primarily seen as a commentator on television, with his behind-the-scenes involvement generally kept off television for
kayfabe In professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and performing art, which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhibitions, called 'matches', held by touring companies called Professional wrestlin ...
-based reasons. While he did publicly identify himself as the owner of the WWF outside of WWF programming, on television his ownership of the WWF was considered an
open secret An open secret is a concept or idea that is "officially" (''de jure In law and government, ''de jure'' ( ; , "by law") describes practices that are legally recognized, regardless of whether the practice exists in reality. In contrast, ("in ...
through the mid-1990s. Jack Tunney was portrayed as the president of WWF instead of him. McMahon made his commentary debut in 1971 when he replaced Ray Morgan after Morgan had a pay dispute with McMahon's father, Vincent J. McMahon, shortly before a scheduled television taping. The elder McMahon let Morgan walk instead of giving in to his demands and needed a replacement on the spot, offering it to his son. For the younger McMahon, it was also somewhat of a compromise, as it allowed him to appear on television. McMahon wanted to be a wrestler but his father did not let him, explaining that promoters did not appear on the show and should stay apart from their wrestlers.''McMahon'' DVD McMahon eventually became the regular play-by-play commentator and maintained that role until November 1997, portraying himself originally as mild-mannered and diplomatic but from 1984 onwards as easily excited and over-the-top. In addition to matches, McMahon also hosted other WWF shows, and introduced WWF programming to TBS on Black Saturday, upon the WWF's acquisition of
Georgia Championship Wrestling Georgia Championship Wrestling was an American professional wrestling promotion A professional wrestling promotion is a company A company, abbreviated as co., is a legal entity In law, a legal person is any person A person (plural p ...
and its lucrative Saturday night timeslot (McMahon sold the timeslot to
Jim Crockett Promotions Jim Crockett Promotions Inc. was a Family business, family-owned professional wrestling promotion headquartered in Charlotte, North Carolina, United States. Founded in 1931, the promotion emerged as a cornerstone of the National Wrestling Allianc ...
after the move backfired on him and he eventually acquired JCP's successor company,
World Championship Wrestling World Championship Wrestling, Inc. (WCW) was an American professional wrestling promotion A professional wrestling promotion is a company or business that regularly performs shows involving professional wrestling. "Promotion" also describes a ro ...
, from
AOL Time Warner Warner Media, LLC, doing business as WarnerMedia, is an American multinational mass media and entertainment Entertainment is a form of activity that holds the attention and Interest (emotion), interest of an audience or gives pleasure a ...
in 2001). At the 1987 Slammy Awards, McMahon performed in a musical number and sang the song "Stand Back". The
campy Camp is an aesthetic Aesthetics, or esthetics (), is a branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of beauty and taste (sociology), taste, as well as the philosophy of art (its own area of philosophy that comes out of aesthetics). ...
"Stand Back" video has since resurfaced several times over the years as a
running gag A running gag, or running joke, is a literary device Literature broadly is any collection of written work, but it is also used more narrowly for writings specifically considered to be an art Art is a diverse range of (products of) human ...

running gag
between McMahon and any
face The face is the front of an animal's head that features the eyes Eyes are organs An organ is a group of tissues with similar functions. Plant life and animal life rely on many organs that co-exist in organ systems. A given organ's ti ...
wrestler he is feuding with at that particular time, and was included on the 2006 ''McMahon'' DVD. As with most play-by-play commentators, McMahon was a babyface "voice of the fans", in contrast to the
heel The heel is the prominence at the posterior end of the foot The foot (plural: feet) is an anatomical Anatomy (Greek ''anatomē'', 'dissection') is the branch of biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living or ...
color commentator A color commentator or expert commentator is a sports commentator In Broadcasting of sports events, sports broadcasting, a sports commentator (also known as sports announcer, sportscaster, or play-by-play announcer) gives a real time (media), ...
, usually
Jesse Ventura Jesse Ventura (born James George Janos; July 15, 1951) is an American politician, actor, television presenter A television presenter (or television host, some become a "television personality Celebrity is a condition of wikt:fame, fame ...

Jesse Ventura
,
Bobby Heenan Raymond Louis Heenan (November 1, 1944 – September 17, 2017), better known as Bobby "The Brain" Heenan, was an American professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and performing art, which combines athlet ...

Bobby Heenan
or
Jerry Lawler Jerry O'Neil Lawler (born November 29, 1949), better known as Jerry "The King" Lawler, is an American color commentator and professional wrestler. He is currently signed to WWE, where he performs on the commentary team. Prior to joining WWE in ...
. While most of McMahon's on-screen physicality took place during his "Mr. McMahon" character later in his career, he was involved in physical altercations on WWF television only a few times as a commentator or host; in 1977, when he and
Arnold Skaaland Arnold Skaaland (January 21, 1925 – March 13, 2007) was an American professional wrestler Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned in advance, ...
were struck from behind by Captain Lou Albano (as part of a kayfabe "Manager Of the Year" storyline, when Albano was disgruntled over losing to Skaaland); in 1985, when grabbed him by the collar during an interview on ''
Tuesday Night Titans ''Tuesday Night Titans'' (abbreviated ''TNT'') was a professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned in advance, typically betwee ...
'' (Andre had become irritated at McMahon's questions regarding his feud with
Big John Studd John William Minton (February 19, 1948 – March 20, 1995) was an American professional wrestler Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned in ad ...

Big John Studd
and their match at the first WrestleMania); on the September 28, 1991 episode of ''
WWF Superstars of Wrestling ''WWF Superstars of Wrestling'' (later shortened to ''WWF Superstars'') is a professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned i ...
'', when
Roddy Piper Roderick George Toombs (April 17, 1954 – July 31, 2015), better known as "Rowdy" Roddy Piper, was a Canadian professional wrestler Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose pr ...

Roddy Piper
mistakenly hit him with a folding chair aimed at
Ric Flair Richard Morgan Fliehr (born February 25, 1949), better known as Ric Flair, is an American professional wrestling manager In professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestli ...

Ric Flair
(requiring McMahon to be taken out of the arena on a
stretcher A stretcher, gurney, litter, or pram is an medical device, apparatus used for moving patients who require medical care. A basic type (cot or litter) must be carried by two or more people. A wheeled stretcher (known as a gurney, trolley, bed or ...
), and again on the November 8, 1993 episode of ''
Monday Night Raw ''WWE Raw'', also known as ''Monday Night Raw'' or simply ''Raw'', is an American professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and performing art, which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhi ...
'', when
Randy Savage Randy Mario Poffo (November 15, 1952 – May 20, 2011), better known by his ring name "Macho Man" Randy Savage, was an American Professional wrestling, professional wrestler and professional baseball, professional baseball player best known for h ...
hurled him to the floor in an attempt to attack Crush after McMahon attempted to restrain him. McMahon can also be seen screaming at medics and WWF personnel during the May 26, 1990 episode of ''WWF Superstars of Wrestling'' (after Hulk Hogan was attacked by
Earthquake An earthquake (also known as a quake, tremor or temblor) is the shaking of the surface of the Earth resulting from a sudden release of energy in the Earth Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known ...
during a segment of ''The Brother Love Show''), when Hogan was not moved out of the arena quickly enough.


Start of the Mr. McMahon character (1996–1997)

Throughout late 1996 and into 1997, McMahon slowly began to be referred to as the owner on WWF television while remaining as the company's lead play-by-play commentator. On the September 23, 1996 ''
Monday Night Raw ''WWE Raw'', also known as ''Monday Night Raw'' or simply ''Raw'', is an American professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and performing art, which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhi ...
'',
Jim Ross James William Ross (born January 3, 1952) is an American professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned in advance, typically ...
delivered a
worked shoot A shoot in professional wrestling is any unplanned, unscripted, or real-life occurrence within a wrestling event. It is a carny term shortened from "straight shooting" which originally referred to a gun in a Traveling carnival, carnival Carnival gam ...
promo during which he ran down McMahon, outing him as
chairman The chairperson (also chair, chairman, or chairwoman) is the presiding officer of an organized group such as a board Board or Boards may refer to: Flat surface * Lumber, or other rigid material, milled or sawn flat ** Plank (wood) ** Cutting ...

chairman
and not just a commentator for the first time in WWF storylines. This was followed up on the October 23 ''Raw'' with
Stone Cold Steve Austin Steve Austin (born Steven James Anderson, December 18, 1964; later Steven James Williams) is an American television host, actor, and retired professional wrestler Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment inv ...

Stone Cold Steve Austin
referring to then-WWF President
Gorilla Monsoon Robert James Marella (June 4, 1937 – October 6, 1999), better known by his ring name A ring name is a type of stage name used by an athlete such as a Professional wrestling, professional wrestler, Mixed martial arts, mixed martial artist, or ...
as "just a puppet" and that it was McMahon "pulling all the strings". The March 17, 1997 ''WWF Raw Is War'' is cited by some as the beginning of the Mr. McMahon character, as after
Bret Hart Bret Sergeant Hart (born July 2, 1957) is a Canadian-American Canadian Americans is a term that can be applied to American citizens Citizenship is the Status (law), status of a person recognized under the law of a country (and/or lo ...
lost to Sycho Sid in a steel cage match for the
WWF Championship The WWE Championship is a world heavyweight championship created and promoted by the American professional wrestling promotion WWE, currently defended on their Raw brand division. It is one of WWE's three world titles, alongside the Univer ...
, Hart engaged in an
expletive An expletive is a word or phrase inserted into a sentence that is not needed to express the basic meaning of the sentence. It is regarded as semantically null or a place holder. Expletives are not insignificant or meaningless in all senses; they ma ...

expletive
-laden rant against McMahon and WWF management. This rant followed Hart shoving McMahon to the ground when he attempted to conduct a post-match interview. McMahon, himself, returned to the commentary position and nearly cursed out Hart before being calmed down by Ross and Lawler. McMahon largely remained a commentator after the Bret Hart incident on ''Raw''. On September 22, 1997, on the first-ever ''Raw'' to be broadcast from
Madison Square Garden Madison Square Garden, colloquially known as The Garden or by its initials MSG, is a multi-purpose indoor arena in New York City New York, often called New York City to distinguish it from New York State New York is a state Stat ...

Madison Square Garden
, Bret's brother
Owen Hart Owen James Hart (May 7, 1965 – May 23, 1999) was a Canadian who worked for several promotions including , (NJPW), (WCW), and the (WWF). He received most of his success in the WWF, where he wrestled under both his own name and the ring nam ...

Owen Hart
was giving a speech to the fans in attendance. During his speech, Stone Cold Steve Austin entered the ring with five
NYPD The New York City Police Department (NYPD), officially the City of New York Police Department, is the primary law enforcement File:CBP female officers going aboard a ship.jpg, upU.S. Customs and Border Protection officers boarding a ship ' ...
officers following and assaulted Hart. When it appeared Austin would fight the officers, McMahon ran into the ring to lecture him that he could not physically compete; at the time, Austin was recovering from a broken neck after Owen Hart botched a
piledriver Piledriver or pile driver may refer to: *Pile driver, a mechanical device used in construction *Piledriver (professional wrestling), a move used in professional wrestling Entertainment *Piledriver (album), ''Piledriver'' (album), a 1972 album by S ...
in his match against Austin at
SummerSlam SummerSlam is a professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and performing art, which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhibitions, called 'matches', held by touring companies called Profe ...
. After telling McMahon that he respects the fact that he and the WWF cared, Austin attacked McMahon with a Stone Cold Stunner, leaving McMahon in shock. Austin was then arrested on charges of trespassing, assault, and assaulting a police officer. This marked the beginning of the Austin-McMahon rivalry. At
Survivor Series Survivor Series is a professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and performing art, which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhibitions, called 'matches', held by touring companies called ...
in 1997,
Bret Hart Bret Sergeant Hart (born July 2, 1957) is a Canadian-American Canadian Americans is a term that can be applied to American citizens Citizenship is the Status (law), status of a person recognized under the law of a country (and/or lo ...
defended his WWF Championship against long-time rival
Shawn Michaels Michael Shawn Hickenbottom (born July 22, 1965), better known by his ring name A ring name is a type of stage name used by an athlete such as a Professional wrestling, professional wrestler, Mixed martial arts, mixed martial artist, or Boxin ...

Shawn Michaels
in the main event. During the match, Michaels applied Hart's signature submission maneuver The Sharpshooter on Hart. Though Hart did not submit, McMahon ordered the
referee A referee is an official An official is someone who holds an office (function or Mandate (politics), mandate, regardless whether it carries an actual Office, working space with it) in an organization or government and participates in the ex ...
to ring the bell, thus screwing Hart out of the title and making Michaels the champion and making McMahon turn
heel The heel is the prominence at the posterior end of the foot The foot (plural: feet) is an anatomical Anatomy (Greek ''anatomē'', 'dissection') is the branch of biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living or ...
for the first time on WWF television. This incident was subsequently dubbed the "Montreal Screwjob". Following the incident, McMahon left the commentary table for good (
Jim Ross James William Ross (born January 3, 1952) is an American professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned in advance, typically ...
replaced McMahon as lead commentator) and the Mr. McMahon character began.


Feud with Stone Cold Steve Austin (1997–1999)

In December 1997 on ''
Raw Is War ''WWE Raw'', also known as ''Monday Night Raw'' or simply ''Raw'', is an American professional wrestling television program produced by WWE that currently airs live every Monday at 8pm Eastern Time Zone, ET on the USA Network in the United State ...
'', the night after D-Generation X: In Your House, McMahon talked about the behavior and attitude of
Stone Cold Steve Austin Steve Austin (born Steven James Anderson, December 18, 1964; later Steven James Williams) is an American television host, actor, and retired professional wrestler Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment inv ...

Stone Cold Steve Austin
, such as Austin having assaulted WWF Commissioner Sgt. Slaughter and commentators such as Jim Ross and McMahon himself. Mr. McMahon demanded that Austin defend his Intercontinental Championship against in a rematch. As in the previous match, Austin used his pickup truck as a weapon against The Rock and the
Nation of Domination The Nation of Domination (NOD) was a professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned in advance, typically between performers wit ...
gang. Austin decided to forfeit the title to The Rock, but instead, Austin gave The Rock a ''Stone Cold Stunner'' and knocked McMahon off the ring ropes. On the January 19, 1998 episode of ''Raw Is War'', McMahon called
Mike Tyson Michael Gerard Tyson (born June 30, 1966) is an American former professional boxer Professional boxing, or prizefighting, is regulated, sanctioned boxing Boxing is a combat sport in which two people, usually wearing boxing glove, protec ...

Mike Tyson
to the ring for a major announcement. Before McMahon could make the announcement (that Tyson would serve as a ringside enforcer at
WrestleMania XIV WrestleMania XIV (billed in print ads as WrestleMania dX raided) was the 14th annual WrestleMania professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and out ...
for the WWF Championship match between Stone Cold Steve Austin and Shawn Michaels) Austin interrupted and confronted Tyson culminating with Austin displaying his middle finger right in Tyson's face. Tyson shoved Austin at which point WWF security and Tyson's entourage intervened and separated both men. McMahon was incensed by Austin's actions screaming "YOU RUINED IT" and had to be held back from attacking Austin himself. On the March 2 edition of ''Raw Is War'', Mike Tyson joined
D-Generation X D-Generation X is an American professional wrestling Glossary of professional wrestling terms#Stable, stable, and later a tag team, that appeared in the World Wrestling Federation (WWF, now known as WWE). The group originated in the midst of th ...

D-Generation X
, led by WWF Champion Shawn Michaels. A week later, Austin called out McMahon incensed by Tyson's alignment with Michaels. Austin verbally abused McMahon and attempted to provoke an agitated McMahon into hitting him (Austin) but McMahon left. On the following episode of ''Raw Is War'', McMahon claimed he hadn't hit Austin on the previous episode of Raw as he didn't want to ruin the WrestleMania XIV main event. Asked to explain what this meant, McMahon stated Austin would be unable to compete with a broken jaw. After initial attempts to dodge the question of whether he wanted Austin to become WWF Champion, McMahon finally answered with "it's not just a "no", it's an OH HELL NO" mimicking Austin's "hell yeah" catchphrase. McMahon didn't get involved during the WrestleMania XIV main event during which Mike Tyson turned on Shawn Michaels and assisted Austin in becoming WWF Champion. On the March 30 ''Raw Is War'', the night after Austin won the WWF title at WrestleMania XIV, McMahon presented him with a new title belt and warned Austin that he did not approve of his rebellious nature. Austin responded by delivering the ''Stone Cold Stunner'' to McMahon for the second time. On the April 13 episode of ''Raw Is War'', it appeared Austin and McMahon were going to battle out their differences in an actual match, but the match was declared a no-contest when interfered. This marked the first time since June 10, 1996, that ''Raw'' beat WCW's ''Nitro'' in the ratings. This led to a title match between Dude Love and Austin at
Unforgiven ''Unforgiven'' is a 1992 American Revisionist Western The Revisionist Western, Anti-Western or Post-Western is a subgenre Genre () is any form or type of communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share") is ...
, for which McMahon sat ringside and attempted to assist Dude Love in winning the match. Dude Love ultimately did win by disqualification when Austin hit McMahon with a chair. Austin retained the title which couldn't change hands by disqualification under regular match rules. In a title rematch at Over the Edge: In Your House, Austin again retained, despite McMahon being the referee and his "Corporate Stooges",
Gerald Brisco Floyd Gerald "Jerry" Brisco (born September 19, 1946) is an American retired professional wrestler Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned in a ...
and Pat Patterson, as timekeeper and ring announcer, respectively. While McMahon was incapacitated by an accidental Dude Love chair shot, Austin delivered the ''Stone Cold Stunner'' to Dude Love and used McMahon's hand to count his pinfall victory. In the fall of 1998, McMahon said he was "damn sick and tired" of seeing Stone Cold Steve Austin as the WWF Champion and developed a "master plan" to remove the championship from Austin. By employing the services of The Undertaker and Kane, McMahon set up a triple threat match for the WWF Championship at Breakdown: In Your House, in which Undertaker and Kane could only win by pinning Austin. At Breakdown, Austin lost the title after being pinned simultaneously by both Undertaker and Kane. However, no new champion was crowned. The following night on ''
Raw Is War ''WWE Raw'', also known as ''Monday Night Raw'' or simply ''Raw'', is an American professional wrestling television program produced by WWE that currently airs live every Monday at 8pm Eastern Time Zone, ET on the USA Network in the United State ...
'', McMahon attempted to announce a new WWF Champion. He held a presentation ceremony and introduced The Undertaker and Kane. After saying that both deserved to be the WWF Champion, Austin drove a into the arena and attacked McMahon before police officers stopped him, and arrested him. Because The Undertaker and Kane both failed to defend McMahon from Austin, McMahon did not name a new champion, but instead made a match at Judgment Day: In Your House between The Undertaker and Kane with Austin as the
special referee In law, a special referee acts as a judge on matters of fact only. Explanation In many instances, the interpretation of the specific statutes or case law relevant to a dispute is absolutely clear. The uncertainty between the party (law), parties li ...
. This prompted The Undertaker and Kane to attack Mr. McMahon, injuring his ankle because he gave them the
finger A finger is a limb of the body and a type of digit (anatomy), digit, an organ of wikt:manipulate, manipulation and Wikt:sensation, sensation found in the hands of most of the Tetrapods, so also with humans and other primates. Most land vertebrat ...
behind their backs. At Judgement Day, there was still no champion crowned as Austin declared himself the winner after counting a double pinfall three count for both men. McMahon ordered the WWF Championship to be defended in a 14-man tournament named
Deadly Games ''Deadly Games'' is an United States, American action film, action science fiction television series that appeared on UPN from September 5, 1995 to January 9, 1996 as part of its 1995 season. The basic plot of the show is about video game charact ...
at
Survivor Series Survivor Series is a professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and performing art, which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhibitions, called 'matches', held by touring companies called ...
in 1998. McMahon made sure that
Mankind Humans (''Homo sapiens'') are the most populous and widespread species of primates, characterized by bipedality, opposable thumbs, hairlessness, and intelligence allowing the use of culture, language and tools. They are the only Extant taxon, ...

Mankind
reached the finals because Mankind had visited McMahon in the hospital after McMahon was sent to the hospital by The Undertaker and Kane. He also awarded Mankind the WWF Hardcore Championship due to his status as a hardcore wrestling legend. Originally, McMahon was acting as he if he was helping out Mankind during the match. At one point, The Rock turned his attention to McMahon. McMahon on Mankind after a screwjob, however, as The Rock had caught Mankind in the
Sharpshooter A sharpshooter is one who is highly proficient at firing firearms or other projectile weapons accurately. Military units composed of sharpshooters were important factors in 19th-century combat. Along with "marksman A marksman is a person who ...
. Mankind had not submitted but McMahon ordered the referee to ring the bell, thus giving The Rock the WWF Championship. This was a homage to the "
Montreal Screwjob The Montreal Screwjob (also called the Montreal Incident; French: ''Le Coup Tordu de Montréal'' lit. Montreal's Twisted Coup) was an infamous and controversial unscripted professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhi ...
" that occurred one year earlier. McMahon referred to The Rock as the "Corporate Champion" thus forming the Corporation with his son and The Rock. At Rock Bottom: In Your House, Mankind defeated The Rock to win the WWF Championship after The Rock passed out to the Mandible Claw. McMahon, however, screwed Mankind once again by reversing the decision and returning the belt to his chosen champion, The Rock. McMahon participated in a "Corporate Rumble" on the January 11, 1999 ''Raw'' as an unscheduled participant, but was eliminated by
Chyna Chyna (born Joan Marie Laurer; December 27, 1969 – April 17, 2016) was an American professional wrestler Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are pl ...

Chyna
. McMahon restarted a long-running feud with Stone Cold Steve Austin when, in December 1998, he made Austin face the Undertaker in a Buried Alive match with the Royal Rumble qualification on the line. Austin defeated the Undertaker with help from Kane. McMahon had put up $100,000 to anyone who could eliminate Austin from the Royal Rumble match. At
Royal Rumble The Royal Rumble is a professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned in advance, typically between performers with established ...
, thanks to help from the Corporation's attack on Austin in the women's bathroom during the match (Austin and McMahon went under the ropes, not over them as the Royal Rumble rules require for elimination to occur along with the 'Shawn Michaels Rule', in which both feet must touch the floor after going over the top rope) and The Rock distracting Austin, McMahon lifted Austin over the top rope from behind, thus winning the match and earning a title shot at
WrestleMania XV WrestleMania XV was the 15th annual WrestleMania professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) List of WWE pay-per-view events, event produced by the WWE, World Wrestling Federation (WWF, now WWE). It took place on March 28, 1999, at the Wells Fargo ...
against the WWF Champion The Rock. He turned down his spot, however, and WWF Commissioner Shawn Michaels awarded it to Austin, which infuriated McMahon. Austin decided to put his title shot on the line against McMahon so he could get a chance to fight Vince at In Your House: St. Valentine's Day Massacre in a
steel cage match Many types of wrestling matches, sometimes called "concept" or " gimmick matches" in the jargon of the business, are performed in professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestlin ...

steel cage match
. During the match,
Big Show Paul Donald Wight II (born February 8, 1972) is an American professional wrestler Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned in advance, typi ...

Big Show
— a future member of the Corporation — interrupted, making his WWF debut. He threw Austin through the side of the cage thus giving him the victory. The Corporation started a feud with
The Undertaker Mark William Calaway (born March 24, 1965), better known by the ring name A ring name is a type of stage name A stage name is a pseudonym A pseudonym () (originally: ψευδώνυμος in Greek) or alias () is a fictitious name tha ...

The Undertaker
's new faction the "
Ministry of Darkness The Ministry of Darkness was a villainous professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and performing art, which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhibitions, called 'matches', held by touri ...
", which led to a storyline introducing McMahon's daughter
Stephanie Image:Großherzogin Stephanie von Baden.jpg, Painting of Stéphanie Anne Donnell de Beauharnais by François Pascal Simon, Baron Gérard (1806) Stephanie is a female name that comes from the Greek language, Greek name Στέφανος (Stephanos) ...

Stephanie
. Stephanie played an "innocent sweet girl" who was kidnapped by The Ministry twice. The first time she was kidnapped, she was found by
Ken Shamrock Kenneth Wayne Shamrock ('' né'' Kilpatrick; born February 11, 1964) is an American bare-knuckle boxing Bare-knuckle boxing (also known as bare-knuckle, prizefighting, fist fight or fisticuffs) is the original form of boxing Boxing is a ...

Ken Shamrock
on behalf of McMahon in a basement of the stadium. The second time she was kidnapped, The Undertaker attempted to marry her whilst she was forcefully tied to the Ministry's crucifix, but she was saved by Steve Austin. This angle saw a brief friendship develop between McMahon and Austin, cooling their long-running feud. McMahon became a member of the short-lived stable The Union, during May 1999. McMahon's son Shane merged the Corporation with Undertaker's Ministry of Darkness to form the
Corporate Ministry The Corporate Ministry was a stable in the WWE, World Wrestling Federation (WWF) in late spring and summer of 1999. It was formed after a merger between The Corporation (professional wrestling), The Corporation and the Ministry of Darkness fact ...
. On the June 7 episode of ''Raw Is War'', McMahon was revealed as the "Higher Power" behind the Corporate Ministry. This not only reignited McMahon's feud with WWF Champion Austin but also caused a
kayfabe In professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and performing art, which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhibitions, called 'matches', held by touring companies called Professional wrestlin ...
disgusted
Linda Linda may refer to: As a name * Linda (given name) Linda is a female given name, of German origin, but widespread in the English-speaking world since the end of the nineteenth century. The German name ''Linde'' was originally an abbreviated form ...

Linda
and Stephanie McMahon to give their 50% share of the WWF to Austin. At
King of the Ring King of the Ring was a professional wrestling pay-per-view and WWE Network List of WWE Network events, event series held by WWE. The main focus was the King of the Ring tournament which was previously held annually from 1985 to 1991, with the ex ...
, Vince and Shane defeated Austin in a
handicap The term is derived from Hand-in-cap, an old English method for evaluating the relative worth of two items in a trade. Today Handicapped or handicap may refer to: In sports and games *Handicapping, various methods of levelling the outcome in a compe ...
ladder match A ladder match is a type of match in professional wrestling, most commonly one in which an item (usually a title belt) is hung above the ring, and the winner is the contestant who climbs a ladder and retrieves the item. The ladder itself become ...
to regain control of the WWF. While CEO, Austin had scheduled a WWF Championship match, to be shown on ''Raw Is War'' after King Of The Ring. During the match, Austin defeated the Undertaker once again to become the WWF Champion. At Fully Loaded, Austin was again scheduled for a first blood match against The Undertaker. If Austin lost, he would be banned from wrestling for the WWF Championship again; if he won, Vince McMahon would be banned from appearing on WWF television. Austin defeated The Undertaker, and McMahon was banned from WWF television. McMahon returned as a
face The face is the front of an animal's head that features the eyes Eyes are organs An organ is a group of tissues with similar functions. Plant life and animal life rely on many organs that co-exist in organ systems. A given organ's ti ...
in the fall of 1999 and won the
WWF Championship The WWE Championship is a world heavyweight championship created and promoted by the American professional wrestling promotion WWE, currently defended on their Raw brand division. It is one of WWE's three world titles, alongside the Univer ...
in a match against
Triple H Paul Michael Levesque (born July 27, 1969), better known by the ring name A ring name is a type of stage name used by an athlete such as a Professional wrestling, professional wrestler, Mixed martial arts, mixed martial artist, or Boxing, bo ...
, thanks to outside interference from Austin on the September 16 '' SmackDown!''. He had decided to vacate the title during the following Monday's ''Raw Is War'' because he was not allowed on WWF television because of the stipulations of the Fully Loaded contract he signed. However, Stone Cold Steve Austin reinstated him in return for a WWF title shot. Over the next few months, McMahon and Triple H feuded, with the linchpin of the feud being Triple H's storyline marriage to Stephanie McMahon. The feud culminated at
Armageddon According to the Book of Revelation The Book of Revelation (also called the Apocalypse of John, Revelation to John or Revelation from Jesus Christ) is the final book of the New Testament The New Testament grc, Ἡ Καινὴ ...
in 1999; McMahon faced Triple H in a
No Holds Barred match Many types of wrestling matches, sometimes called "concept" or " gimmick matches" in the jargon of the business, are performed in professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestlin ...
which McMahon lost. Afterward, Stephanie turned on him, revealing her true colors. McMahon, along with his son Shane, then disappeared from WWF television, unable to accept the union between Triple H and Stephanie. This left Triple H and Stephanie in complete control of the WWF.


McMahon-Helmsley Era (2000–2001)

McMahon returned to WWF television on the March 13, 2000 ''Raw Is War'' helping win his WWF title shot back from the Big Show. He also attacked Shane McMahon and
Triple H Paul Michael Levesque (born July 27, 1969), better known by the ring name A ring name is a type of stage name used by an athlete such as a Professional wrestling, professional wrestler, Mixed martial arts, mixed martial artist, or Boxing, bo ...
. Two weeks later, McMahon and The Rock defeated
Shane McMahon Shane Brandon McMahon (born January 15, 1970) is an American businessman and professional wrestler. He is the founder and Chairperson, executive vice-chairman of Ideanomics, formerly Seven Stars Cloud Group. He is also a minority owner, Road agen ...

Shane McMahon
and The
Big Show Paul Donald Wight II (born February 8, 1972) is an American professional wrestler Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned in advance, typi ...

Big Show
in a tag team match with help from special guest referee
Mankind Humans (''Homo sapiens'') are the most populous and widespread species of primates, characterized by bipedality, opposable thumbs, hairlessness, and intelligence allowing the use of culture, language and tools. They are the only Extant taxon, ...

Mankind
. At
WrestleMania 2000 WrestleMania 2000 (sequentially known as WrestleMania 16) was the 16th annual WrestleMania professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) List of WWE pay-per-view events, event produced by the WWE, World Wrestling Federation (WWF, now WWE). It took pl ...
, Triple H defended the WWF Championship in a Fatal Four-Way Elimination match in which each competitor had a McMahon in his corner. Triple H had his wife Stephanie McMahon who was also the
WWF Women's ChampionWWF may refer to: Non-profit organizations *World Wide Fund for Nature The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international non-governmental organization founded in 1961 that works in the field of wilderness preservation and the reductio ...
in his corner, The Rock had Vince McMahon in his corner, Mick Foley had Linda McMahon in his corner, and Big Show had Shane in his corner. After Big Show and Foley were eliminated, Triple H and The Rock were left. Although Vince was in The Rock's corner, he on The Rock after hitting him with a chair, turning heel for the first time since his feud with Stone Cold Steve Austin, which helped Triple H win the match and retain his title. This began the McMahon-Helmsley Era. At
King of the Ring King of the Ring was a professional wrestling pay-per-view and WWE Network List of WWE Network events, event series held by WWE. The main focus was the King of the Ring tournament which was previously held annually from 1985 to 1991, with the ex ...
, McMahon, Shane, and WWF Champion Triple H took on The Brothers of Destruction (
The Undertaker Mark William Calaway (born March 24, 1965), better known by the ring name A ring name is a type of stage name A stage name is a pseudonym A pseudonym () (originally: ψευδώνυμος in Greek) or alias () is a fictitious name tha ...

The Undertaker
and Kane) and The Rock in a six-man tag team match for the WWF Championship. This match stipulated that whoever made the scoring pinfall would become the WWF Champion. McMahon was pinned by The Rock. McMahon was then absent from WWF television until late 2000. On the December 4 episode of ''Raw Is War'', McMahon questioned the motives of WWF Commissioner Mick Foley and expressed concern of the well being of the six superstars competing in the Hell in a Cell match at
Armageddon According to the Book of Revelation The Book of Revelation (also called the Apocalypse of John, Revelation to John or Revelation from Jesus Christ) is the final book of the New Testament The New Testament grc, Ἡ Καινὴ ...
. On the December 18 episode of ''Raw Is War'', McMahon faced
Kurt Angle Kurt Steven Angle (born December 9, 1968) is an American Olympic Olympic or Olympics may refer to Sports Events * Olympic Games, international multi-sport event held since 1896 ** Summer Olympic Games ** Winter Olympic Games * Ancient Olymp ...

Kurt Angle
in a non-title match which was fought to no contest when Mick Foley interfered and attacked both men. After the match, both men beat Foley and McMahon fired him. McMahon then began a public
extramarital affair An affair is a sexual relationship, romantic friendship, or passionate attachment between two people where at least one of the two has such a connection with a third person, either in a formal setting like marriage or informally, without the th ...
with
Trish Stratus Patricia Anne Stratigias (; born December 18, 1975) better known by the Trish Stratus, is a Canadian , fitness model and professional wrestler. Often regarded as one of the greatest women's performers, she was also one of the most popular fem ...

Trish Stratus
, much to the disgust of his daughter, Stephanie. However, on the February 26 episode of ''Raw'', McMahon and Stephanie humiliated Trish by dumping sewage on her, with McMahon adding that Stephanie will always be "daddy's little girl" and Trish was only "daddy's little toy". McMahon and Stephanie then aligned together against Shane, who'd returned and had enough of Vince's actions in recent months. At
WrestleMania X-Seven WrestleMania X-Seven was the 17th annual WrestleMania professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned in advance, typically betw ...
, McMahon lost to Shane after Linda—who had been emotionally abused to the point of a
nervous breakdown A mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning. Such features may be persistent, relapsing In internal medici ...
; the breakdown was caused after Vince demanded a divorce on the December 7 episode of ''SmackDown!''; the breakdown left her helpless as she was deemed unable to continue being CEO of the WWF at the time, giving Vince 100% authority; finally, she was heavily sedated, in the storyline—hit Vince with a low blow. On the same night, McMahon allied with Stone Cold Steve Austin, helping him defeat The Rock to gain another WWF Championship. The two, along with Triple H, allied. Austin and Triple H put The Rock out of action with a brutal assault and suspension; this was done so The Rock could film ''
The Scorpion King ''The Scorpion King'' is a 2002 American sword and sorcery action film, action-adventure film directed by Chuck Russell, starring Dwayne Johnson, The Rock, Steven Brand, Kelly Hu, Grant Heslov and Michael Clarke Duncan. It is both a prequel and ...
''. Austin and Triple H held all three major WWF titles at the same time. The alliance was short-lived, due to an injury to Triple H and a business venture by McMahon.


The Invasion and brand extension (2001–2005)

McMahon purchased long-time rival promotion
World Championship Wrestling World Championship Wrestling, Inc. (WCW) was an American professional wrestling promotion A professional wrestling promotion is a company or business that regularly performs shows involving professional wrestling. "Promotion" also describes a ro ...
(WCW) in March 2001 from
AOL AOL (stylized as Aol., formerly a company known as AOL Inc. and originally known as America Online) is an American web portal A web portal is a specially designed website A website (also written as web site) is a collection of web page ...

AOL
Time Warner Warner Media, LLC ( traded as WarnerMedia, but stylized as WarnerMedia; formerly known as Time Warner from 1990 to 2001 and again from 2003 to 2018; from 2001 to 2003, AOL Time Warner and from 1972 to 1990, Warner Communications) is an Americ ...
and signed many wrestlers from the organization. This marked the beginning of the Invasion storyline, in which the former WCW wrestlers regularly fought matches against the WWF wrestlers. On the July 9, 2001, episode of ''Raw Is War'', some
extremists Extremism is "the quality or state of being extreme" or "the advocacy of extreme measures or views". The term is primarily used in a political Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with Decision-making, making de ...
as well as several former ECW wrestlers on the WWF roster, joined with the WCW wrestlers to form The Alliance.
Stone Cold Steve Austin Steve Austin (born Steven James Anderson, December 18, 1964; later Steven James Williams) is an American television host, actor, and retired professional wrestler Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment inv ...

Stone Cold Steve Austin
joined the Alliance, along with and
Stephanie McMahon Stephanie McMahon Levesque (born Stephanie Marie McMahon []; September 24, 1976) is an American businesswoman and retired professional wrestler. She is the chief brand officer (CBO) of WWE and appears as an authority figure on the Raw Raw is an ...

Stephanie McMahon
. Vince McMahon led Team WWF thus turning
face The face is the front of an animal's head that features the eyes Eyes are organs An organ is a group of tissues with similar functions. Plant life and animal life rely on many organs that co-exist in organ systems. A given organ's ti ...
. At
Survivor Series Survivor Series is a professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and performing art, which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhibitions, called 'matches', held by touring companies called ...
, Team WWF defeated Team Alliance in a Survivor Series elimination match to pick up the victory and end the Invasion storyline. Following the collapse of The Alliance, McMahon created the "Vince McMahon Kiss My Ass Club", also known as the "Mr. McMahon Kiss My Ass Club", which consisted of various WWE individuals being ordered to kiss his buttocks in the middle of the ring, usually with the threat of suspension or firing if they refused reverting to a
heel The heel is the prominence at the posterior end of the foot The foot (plural: feet) is an anatomical Anatomy (Greek ''anatomē'', 'dissection') is the branch of biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living or ...
. The club was originally proclaimed closed by after McMahon was forced to kiss
Rikishi A , or, more colloquially, , is a professional sumo wrestler. follow and live by the centuries-old rules of the sumo profession, with most coming from Japan, the only country where sumo is practiced professionally. Participation in official t ...
's buttocks on an episode of ''SmackDown!''. In November 2001,
Ric Flair Richard Morgan Fliehr (born February 25, 1949), better known as Ric Flair, is an American professional wrestling manager In professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestli ...

Ric Flair
returned to WWF after an eight-year hiatus declaring himself the co-owner of the WWF, which infuriated McMahon. The two faced each other in January 2002, at
Royal Rumble The Royal Rumble is a professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and performing art, which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhibitions, called 'matches', held by touring companies called ...
, in a which Flair won. Due to their status as co-owners, McMahon became the owner of ''SmackDown!'' while Flair became the owner of ''Raw''. However, on the June 10 ''Raw'', McMahon defeated Flair to end the rivalry and become the sole owner of WWE. On the February 13, 2003 ''SmackDown!'', McMahon tried to derail the return of
Hulk Hogan Terry Eugene Bollea (, born August 11, 1953), better known by his ring name A ring name is a type of stage name used by an athlete such as a Professional wrestling, professional wrestler, Mixed martial arts, mixed martial artist, or Boxing, ...

Hulk Hogan
after a five-month hiatus but was knocked out by Hogan and received a running leg drop. At
No Way OutNo Way Out may refer to: Film and television *No Way Out (1950 film), ''No Way Out'' (1950 film), a film starring Richard Widmark and Sidney Poitier *No Way Out (1973 film), ''No Way Out'' (1973 film), a film starring Alain Delon and Richard Conte * ...
, McMahon interfered in Hogan's match with The Rock. Hogan hit The Rock with a running leg drop and went for the pin, but the lights went out. When the lights came back on, McMahon came to the ringside to distract Hogan.
Sylvain Grenier Sylvain Grenier (born March 26, 1977) is a Canadian TV host and semi-retired professional wrestler. He is currently working with WWE as a producer since 2020. He is best known for his time wrestling for WWE between 2002 and 2008 where he was p ...
, the referee, gave The Rock a chair, which he then hit Hogan with. He ended the match with a Rock Bottom to defeat Hogan. This led to McMahon facing Hogan in a match at
WrestleMania XIX WrestleMania XIX was the 19th annual WrestleMania WrestleMania is a professional wrestling event produced annually between mid-March and mid-April by WWE, an American professional wrestling promotion based in Stamford, Connecticut. WWE first ...
, which McMahon lost in a Street Fight. McMahon then banned Hogan from the ring but Hogan returned under the
gimmick A gimmick is a novel device or idea designed primarily to attract attention or increase appeal, often with little intrinsic value. When applied to retail marketing Once the strategic plan is in place, retail managers turn to the more managerial as ...
of "Mr. America". McMahon tried to prove that Mr. America was Hogan under a mask but failed at these attempts. Hogan later quit WWE and at which point McMahon claimed that he had discovered Mr. America was Hulk Hogan and "fired" him. McMahon asked his daughter Stephanie to resign as SmackDown!
General Manager#REDIRECT General manager A general manager (GM) is an executive who has overall responsibility for managing both the revenue In accounting, revenue is the income or increase in net assets that an entity has from its normal activities (in the cas ...
on the October 2 ''SmackDown!''. Stephanie, however, refused to resign and this set up an "I Quit" match between the two. At No Mercy, McMahon defeated Stephanie in an "I Quit" match when Linda threw in the towel. Later that night, he helped
Brock Lesnar Brock Edward Lesnar (; born July 12, 1977) is an United States, American-Canada, Canadian Professional wrestling, professional wrestler, retired Mixed martial arts, mixed martial artist, and retired professional American football, football pl ...
retain the WWE Championship against The Undertaker in a Biker Chain match. This started a rivalry between McMahon and Undertaker. At
Survivor Series Survivor Series is a professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and performing art, which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhibitions, called 'matches', held by touring companies called ...
, McMahon defeated Undertaker in a Buried Alive match with help from Kane.


Feuds with D-Generation X, Donald Trump and Bobby Lashley (2005–2007)

He began a feud with
Eric Bischoff Eric Aaron Bischoff (born May 27, 1955) is an American entrepreneur, television producer, professional wrestling booker, podcast host, and on-screen personality. He is best known for serving as Executive Producer and later Senior Vice Presiden ...

Eric Bischoff
in late 2005, when he decided that Bischoff was not doing a good job as General Manager of ''Raw'' turning face again. He started "The Trial of Eric Bischoff" where McMahon served as the judge. Bischoff ended up losing the trial; McMahon "fired" him, and put him in a garbage truck before it drove away. Bischoff stayed gone for months. Almost a year later on ''Raw'' in late 2006, Bischoff was brought out by McMahon's executive assistant Jonathan Coachman so that he could announce the completion of his book ''
Controversy Creates Cash ''Controversy Creates Cash'' (in logo stylized as ''Controversy Creates Ca$h'') is the autobiography of professional wrestling Promoter (entertainment), promoter and personality Eric Bischoff, written with Jeremy Roberts and published by WWE Books ...
''. Bischoff began blasting remarks at McMahon, saying that he was fired "unceremoniously" as the ''Raw'' General Manager, that there would be no McMahon if not for Bischoff's over-the-top rebellious ideas, and that
D-Generation X D-Generation X is an American professional wrestling Glossary of professional wrestling terms#Stable, stable, and later a tag team, that appeared in the World Wrestling Federation (WWF, now known as WWE). The group originated in the midst of th ...

D-Generation X
was nothing but a rip off of the
New World OrderNew World Order may refer to: * New World Order (conspiracy theory), a conspiracy theory referring to the emergence of a totalitarian one-world government * New world order (politics), any period of history evidencing a dramatic change in world polit ...
. On the December 26, 2005 ''Raw'', McMahon personally reviewed Bret Hart's DVD.
Shawn Michaels Michael Shawn Hickenbottom (born July 22, 1965), better known by his ring name A ring name is a type of stage name used by an athlete such as a Professional wrestling, professional wrestler, Mixed martial arts, mixed martial artist, or Boxin ...

Shawn Michaels
came out and he also started talking about Hart. McMahon replied, "I screwed Bret Hart. Shawn, don't make me screw you". At the 2006
Royal Rumble The Royal Rumble is a professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and performing art, which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhibitions, called 'matches', held by touring companies called ...
, when Michaels was among the final six remaining participants after eliminating
Shelton Benjamin Shelton James Benjamin (born July 9, 1975) is an American professional wrestler Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned in advance, typically ...

Shelton Benjamin
, McMahon's entrance theme music distracted Michaels, allowing
Shane McMahon Shane Brandon McMahon (born January 15, 1970) is an American businessman and professional wrestler. He is the founder and Chairperson, executive vice-chairman of Ideanomics, formerly Seven Stars Cloud Group. He is also a minority owner, Road agen ...

Shane McMahon
to eliminate him. On the February 27 ''Raw'', Michaels was knocked unconscious by Shane. When Michaels' former Rockers tag team partner
Marty Jannetty Fredrick Martin Jannetty (born February 3, 1960) is an American professional wrestler who has worked for promotions including the World Wrestling Federation/Entertainment (WWF/E), the American Wrestling Association (AWA), World Championship Wr ...
came to the rescue of Michaels, he was forced to join McMahon's "Kiss My Ass Club". On '' Saturday Night's Main Event XXXII'', Michaels faced Shane in a Street Fight. McMahon screwed Michaels while Shane had Michaels in the Sharpshooter. Michaels had not submitted, but McMahon ordered the referee to ring the bell, giving Shane the victory (another
Montreal Screwjob The Montreal Screwjob (also called the Montreal Incident; French: ''Le Coup Tordu de Montréal'' lit. Montreal's Twisted Coup) was an infamous and controversial unscripted professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhi ...
reference). At
WrestleMania 22 WrestleMania 22 was the 22nd annual WrestleMania professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned in advance, typically between pe ...
, Vince McMahon faced Michaels in a
No Holds Barred match Many types of wrestling matches, sometimes called "concept" or " gimmick matches" in the jargon of the business, are performed in professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestlin ...
. Despite interference from
the Spirit Squad The Spirit Squad is a professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned in advance, typically between performers with established ...
and Shane, McMahon was unable to beat Michaels. At
Backlash Backlash may refer to: * Backlash (engineering), clearance between mating components * Backlash (sociology), a strong adverse reaction to an idea, action, or object * Backlash (pressure group), a UK group opposing the 2008 law criminalising possess ...
, Vince McMahon and his son Shane defeated Michaels and "God" (characterized by a spotlight) in a No Holds Barred match. On the May 15 ''Raw'',
Triple H Paul Michael Levesque (born July 27, 1969), better known by the ring name A ring name is a type of stage name used by an athlete such as a Professional wrestling, professional wrestler, Mixed martial arts, mixed martial artist, or Boxing, bo ...
hit Shane with a
sledgehammer A sledgehammer is a with a large, flat, often head, attached to a long handle. The long handle combined with a heavy head allows the sledgehammer to gather momentum during a swing and apply a large compared to hammers designed to drive nails. ...

sledgehammer
meant for Michaels. The next week on ''Raw'', Triple H had another chance to hit Michaels with the object but he instead whacked the Spirit Squad. For a few weeks, McMahon ignored Michaels and began a rivalry with Triple H by forcing him to join "Kiss My Ass Club" (Triple H hit McMahon with a
Pedigree Pedigree may refer to: Breeding * Pedigree chart, a document to record ancestry, used by genealogists in study of human family lines, and in selective breeding of other animals ** Pedigree, a human genealogy (ancestry chart) ** Pedigree (animal) ...
instead of joining the club) and pitting him in a gauntlet handicap match against the Spirit Squad. Michaels, however, saved Triple H and the two reformed
D-Generation X D-Generation X is an American professional wrestling Glossary of professional wrestling terms#Stable, stable, and later a tag team, that appeared in the World Wrestling Federation (WWF, now known as WWE). The group originated in the midst of th ...

D-Generation X
(D-X). This led to a feud between the McMahons and D-X, throughout the following summer. He also with the Spirit Squad teaming with Shane lost to
Eugene Eugene may refer to: People * Eugene (given name) Eugene is a common masculine given name that comes from the Greek language, Greek εὐγενής (''eugenēs''), "noble", literally "well-born", from εὖ (''eu''), "well" and γένος (''g ...
by disqualification on July 10. At
SummerSlam SummerSlam is a professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and performing art, which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhibitions, called 'matches', held by touring companies called Profe ...
in 2006, the McMahons lost to D-X in a tag team match despite interference by Umaga, Big Show, Finlay, Mr. Kennedy, and
William Regal Darren Kenneth Matthews (born 10 May 1968), better known by the ring name A ring name is a type of stage name used by an athlete such as a Professional wrestling, professional wrestler, Mixed martial arts, mixed martial artist, or Boxing, box ...
. The McMahons also allied themselves with the ECW World Champion Big Show. At
Unforgiven ''Unforgiven'' is a 1992 American Revisionist Western The Revisionist Western, Anti-Western or Post-Western is a subgenre Genre () is any form or type of communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share") is ...
, the McMahons teamed up with The
Big Show Paul Donald Wight II (born February 8, 1972) is an American professional wrestler Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned in advance, typi ...

Big Show
in a
Hell in a Cell Hell in a Cell is a professional wrestling professional wrestling match types, cage-based match which originated in 1997 in the World Wrestling Federation (WWF, now WWE). It features a large cell structure, a five-sided cuboid made from open-weave ...
match to take on D-X. Despite their 3-on-2 advantage, the McMahons lost again to D-X thus ending the rivalry. In January 2007, McMahon started a feud with
Donald Trump Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is an American politician A politician is a person active in party politics A political party is an organization that coordinates candidate A candidate, or nominee, is the prospective reci ...

Donald Trump
, which was featured on major media outlets. Originally Trump wanted to fight McMahon himself but they came to a deal: both men would pick a representative to wrestle at
WrestleMania 23 WrestleMania 23 was the 23rd annual WrestleMania professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) List of WWE pay-per-view events, event produced by WWE, World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE). It was held for wrestlers from the promotion's Raw (WWE brand), ...

WrestleMania 23
in a Hair vs. Hair match. The man whose wrestler lost would have his head shaved bald. After the contract signing on ''Raw'', Trump pushed McMahon over the table in the ring onto his head after McMahon provoked Trump with several finger pokes to the shoulders. Later at a press conference, McMahon, during a photo opportunity, offered to shake hands with Trump but retracted his hand as Trump put out his. McMahon went on to fiddle with Trump's tie and flick Trump's nose. This angered Trump as he then slapped McMahon across the face. McMahon was then restrained from retaliating by Trump's bodyguards and
Bobby Lashley Franklin Roberto Lashley (born July 16, 1976) is an American professional wrestler Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned in advance, typical ...

Bobby Lashley
, Trump's representative. At WrestleMania 23, McMahon's representative ( Umaga) lost the match. As a result, McMahon's hair was shaved bald by Trump and Lashley with the help of
Steve Austin Steve Austin (born Steven James Anderson, December 18, 1964; later Steven James Williams) is an American actor, producer, television host, podcast host and retired professional wrestler Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibitio ...

Steve Austin
, who was the special guest referee of the "Battle of the Billionaires" match. McMahon then began a rivalry with Lashley over his ECW World Championship. At
Backlash Backlash may refer to: * Backlash (engineering), clearance between mating components * Backlash (sociology), a strong adverse reaction to an idea, action, or object * Backlash (pressure group), a UK group opposing the 2008 law criminalising possess ...
, McMahon pinned Lashley in a 3-on-1
handicap match The term is derived from Hand-in-cap, an old English method for evaluating the relative worth of two items in a trade. Today Handicapped or handicap may refer to: In sports and games *Handicapping Handicapping, in sport Sport pertains to ...
teaming up with his son and Umaga to win the ECW World Championship. At
Judgment Day The Last Judgment, Final Judgment, Day of Reckoning, Day of Judgment, Judgment Day, Doomsday or The Day of the Lord ( he, יום הדין, Yom ha-din, ar, یوم القيامة, Yawm al-qiyāmah, Day of Resurrection or ar, یوم الدین, i ...
, McMahon defended his ECW World Championship against Lashley again in a 3-on-1 handicap match. Lashley won the match as he pinned Shane after a Dominator but McMahon said that he was still the champion because Lashley could only be champion if he could beat him. McMahon finally lost the ECW World Championship to Lashley at
One Night Stand A one-night stand is a single Human sexual activity, sexual encounter in which there is an expectation that there shall be no further relations between the sexual participants. The practice can be described as "sexual activity without emotional c ...
in a Street Fight despite interference by Shane and Umaga.


Faked death, illegitimate son and Million Dollar Mania (2007–2008)

On June 11, 2007, WWE aired a segment at the end of ''Raw'' that featured McMahon entering a limousine moments before it exploded. The show went off-air shortly after, and WWE.com reported the
angle In Euclidean geometry Euclidean geometry is a mathematical system attributed to Alexandrian Greek mathematics , Greek mathematician Euclid, which he described in his textbook on geometry: the ''Euclid's Elements, Elements''. Euclid's method ...

angle
within minutes as though it were a legitimate occurrence, proclaiming that McMahon was "presumed dead". Although this was the fate of the fictional "Mr. McMahon" character, no harm came to the actual person; the "presumed death" of McMahon was part of a storyline. WWE later acknowledged to
CNBC CNBC is an American pay television Pay television, also known as subscription television, premium television or, when referring to an individual service, a premium channel, refers to subscription The subscription business model is a busi ...
that he was not truly dead. The June 25 ''Raw'' was scheduled to be a three-hour memorial to "Mr. McMahon". However, due to the actual
death Death is the permanent, irreversible cessation of all biological functions that sustain a living Living or The Living may refer to: Common meanings *Life, a condition that distinguishes organisms from inorganic objects and dead organi ...
of
Chris Benoit Christopher Michael Benoit (; May 21, 1967 – June 24, 2007) was a Canadian professional wrestler Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned i ...

Chris Benoit
, the show opened with McMahon standing in an empty arena, acknowledging that his reported death was only of his character as part of a storyline. This was followed by a tribute to Benoit that filled the three-hour timeslot. McMahon appeared the next night on '' ECW on Sci Fi'' in which after acknowledging that a tribute to Benoit had aired the previous night, he announced that there would be no further mention of Benoit and that the ECW show would be dedicated to those that had been affected by the Benoit murders. The "Mr. McMahon" character officially returned on the August 6 episode of ''Raw''. McMahon said that he faked his death to see what people thought of him, with Stephanie accused of faking mourning while checking her father's last will to see how it would benefit her. He also talked about many subjects, including an investigation by the
United States Congress The United States Congress is the legislature of the federal government of the United States. It is Bicameralism, bicameral, comprising a lower body, the United States House of Representatives, House of Representatives, and an upper body, t ...

United States Congress
and owing money to the
IRS The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is the revenue service A revenue service, revenue agency or taxation authority is a government agency responsible for the intake of government revenue, including taxes and sometimes non-tax revenue. ...
. McMahon also declared a battle royal to determine a new ''Raw'' general manager, which was won by
William Regal Darren Kenneth Matthews (born 10 May 1968), better known by the ring name A ring name is a type of stage name used by an athlete such as a Professional wrestling, professional wrestler, Mixed martial arts, mixed martial artist, or Boxing, box ...
. At the end of ''Raw'', Jonathan Coachman informed McMahon of a ( storyline) paternity suit regarding an illegitimate long-lost child, who was revealed in the following weeks as being a male member of the WWE roster. On the September 3 ''Raw'', McMahon appeared and was confronted by his family. They were interrupted by Mr. Kennedy, who claimed to be McMahon's "illegitimate son". He was himself interrupted by a lawyer claiming Kennedy was not McMahon's son and that the real son would be revealed the next week on ''Raw''. His illegitimate son was finally revealed on September 10 on ''Raw'' as
Hornswoggle Dylan Mark Postl (born May 29, 1986) is an American professional wrestler and actor currently wrestling for Impact Wrestling. He is best known for his time in WWE under the ring name Hornswoggle. He debuted in WWE in 2006, allied with Finlay. ...
. In February 2008, after months of "tough love" antics towards Hornswoggle, John "Bradshaw" Layfield revealed that Hornswoggle was not McMahon's son and that he was actually Finlay's son. It turned out that the scam was thought up by Shane, Stephanie and Linda McMahon, along with Finlay. On the June 2 ''Raw'', McMahon announced that starting the next week, he would give away US$1 million live on ''Raw''. Fans could register online, and each week randomly selected fans would receive a part of the $1 million. McMahon's Million Dollar Mania lasted just three weeks and was suspended after the 3-hour Draft episode of ''Raw'' on June 23. After giving away $500,000, explosions tore apart the ''Raw'' stage, which fell and collapsed on top of McMahon. On June 30, Shane addressed the WWE audience before ''Raw'', informing the fans that his family had chosen to keep his father's condition private. He also urged the WWE roster to stand together during what he described as a "turbulent time". The McMahons made several requests to the wrestlers for solidarity, before finally appointing
Mike Adamle Michael David Adamle (born October 4, 1949) is a former American football player and sports broadcaster. Adamle was a sports anchor at other Chicago television stations, including WLS-TV from 1982–1989 before hosting ''American Gladiators (1989 ...
as the new general manager of ''Raw'' to restore order to the brand.


Feud with The Legacy and Bret Hart (2009–2010)

On the January 5, 2009 ''Raw'',
Chris Jericho Christopher Keith Irvine (born November 9, 1970), better known by the ring name A ring name is a type of stage name A stage name is a pseudonym used by performers and entertainers such as actors, comedians, singers, and musicians. Such ti ...

Chris Jericho
told Stephanie McMahon that McMahon would be returning to ''Raw'' soon. The following week, Jericho was (
kayfabe In professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and performing art, which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhibitions, called 'matches', held by touring companies called Professional wrestlin ...
) fired from WWE by Stephanie. On the January 19 ''Raw'', McMahon returned, as a face, and supported his daughter's decision on Jericho, but Stephanie rehired him.
Randy Orton Randal Keith Orton (born April 1, 1980) is an American Professional wrestling, professional wrestler and actor. He is currently signed to WWE, where he performs on the Raw (WWE brand), Raw brand. Orton is a third-generation professional wres ...

Randy Orton
then came out and assaulted McMahon after harassing Stephanie. McMahon returned on the March 30 ''Raw'' with his son, Shane, and son-in-law Triple H to confront Orton. The night after WrestleMania 25, McMahon appeared on ''Raw'' to announce Orton would not receive another championship opportunity at
Backlash Backlash may refer to: * Backlash (engineering), clearance between mating components * Backlash (sociology), a strong adverse reaction to an idea, action, or object * Backlash (pressure group), a UK group opposing the 2008 law criminalising possess ...
, but compete in a six-man tag team match with his
Legacy In law, a legacy is something held and transferred to someone as their inheritance Inheritance is the practice of passing on private property Private property is a legal designation for the ownership of property by non-governmental legal ...
stablemates against Triple H, Shane McMahon and himself. ''Raw'' General Manager
Vickie Guerrero Vickie Lynn Benson (formerly Guerrero, née__NOTOC__ A birth name is the name of the person given upon their birth. The term may be applied to the surname, the given name or to the entire name. Where births are required to be officially regis ...

Vickie Guerrero
made the match for the WWE Championship. Orton then challenged McMahon to a match that night, in which Legacy assaulted him, and Orton also hitting him with the RKO. After being assisted by Triple H, Shane and a returning Batista, McMahon announced Batista would replace him in the match at Backlash. On the June 15 ''Raw'', McMahon announced that he had sold the ''Raw'' brand to businessman Donald Trump. The next week, during the ''Trump is Raw'' show, McMahon bought the brand back from Trump. On the June 29 ''Raw'', McMahon announced that every week, a celebrity guest host would control ''Raw'' for the night. He soon appeared on ''SmackDown'', putting
Theodore Long Theodore Robert Rufus Long (born September 15, 1947) is an American professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned in advance, ...

Theodore Long
on probation for his actions. On August 24 ''Raw'', McMahon had a birthday bash which was interrupted by The Legacy, and competed in a six-man tag team match with his long-time rival team , in which they won after the interference of
John Cena John Felix Anthony Cena ( ; born April 23, 1977) is an American professional wrestler, actor, and former rapper currently signed to WWE. Widely regarded as one of the greatest professional wrestlers of all time, he is tied with Ric Flair for ...

John Cena
. He continued to appear on ''SmackDown'', making occasional matches and reminding Long that he was still on probation. On the November 16 ''Raw'', McMahon was called out by guest host
Roddy Piper Roderick George Toombs (April 17, 1954 – July 31, 2015), better known as "Rowdy" Roddy Piper, was a Canadian professional wrestler Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose pr ...

Roddy Piper
, who wanted a match with McMahon that night in
Madison Square Garden Madison Square Garden, colloquially known as The Garden or by its initials MSG, is a multi-purpose indoor arena in New York City New York, often called New York City to distinguish it from New York State New York is a state Stat ...

Madison Square Garden
. McMahon declined and announced his retirement from in-ring competition.
/ref> On the January 4, 2010 ''Raw'', McMahon, once again a heel, confronted special guest host Bret "The Hitman" Hart for the (televised) first time since the Montreal Screwjob at Survivor Series 1997, to bury the hatchet from the above-mentioned Montreal Screwjob. The two appeared to finally bury the hatchet, but after shaking hands, Vince kicked Hart in the groin and left the arena to a loud chorus of boos and the crowd chanting "You screwed Bret! You screwed Bret!". A match was then booked between the two at WrestleMania XXVI, which saw Hart defeat McMahon in a No Holds Barred Lumberjack match. On the May 31 ''Raw'', McMahon returned to congratulate Hart on becoming the new Raw General Manager. On the June 22 ''Raw'', McMahon fired Hart for not dealing with '' NXT'' season one rookies, known as The Nexus. That same night, he announced the new General Manager would be anonymous and make decisions via emails, which would be read by Michael Cole. The General Manager's first decision was McMahon to be the guest referee for a WWE Championship match that night between John Cena and
Sheamus Stephen Farrelly (born 28 January 1978) is an Irish professional wrestler and actor. He is currently signed to WWE, where he performs on the Raw brand under the ring name A ring name is a type of stage name A stage name is a pseudony ...

Sheamus
. The match was interrupted by The Nexus who then attacked McMahon. McMahon appeared in a segment on the November 1 ''Raw'', in a coma from the attack by The Nexus. He woke up and his doctor (
Freddie Prinze Jr. Frederick James Prinze Jr. (born March 8, 1976) is an American actor, writer, and producer. He has starred in films such as ''I Know What You Did Last Summer ''I Know What You Did Last Summer'' is a 1997 American slasher film directed by Jim G ...
) explained what had happened since he had been out. The scene transitioned to Stephanie McMahon waking up, revealing it was all a dream.


Storyline with John Laurinaitis and CM Punk (2011–2012)

In early 2011, McMahon once again stepped away from WWE storylines to focus on both his corporate and backstage duties. On the June 27 episode of ''Raw'',
CM Punk Phillip Jack Brooks (born October 26, 1978), better known by the ring name A ring name is a type of stage name used by an athlete such as a Professional wrestling, professional wrestler, Mixed martial arts, mixed martial artist, or Boxing, ...

CM Punk
made a scathing on-air speech criticizing WWE and McMahon about the way WWE was run. McMahon suspended Punk but reinstated him at the behest of Punk's Money in the Bank opponent, WWE Champion John Cena. At Money in the Bank, McMahon and Vice President of Talent Relations
John Laurinaitis John Hodger Laurinaitis (born July 31, 1962) is an American professional wrestling personality, producer and retired Professional wrestling, professional wrestler currently signed to WWE as a Producer (wrestling), head of talent relations. He h ...
interfered on Cena's behalf but Punk was ultimately successful and walked out of the company with the championship. On the following ''Raw'', Triple H returned and, on behalf of WWE's board of directors, fired McMahon from his position of running ''Raw'' and ''SmackDown'', though leaving him chairman of the board. Triple H then announced he had been designated Chief Operating Officer of WWE. McMahon returned on the October 10 ''Raw'', firing Triple H from running ''Raw'', stating the board of directors had called Triple H a financial catastrophe, and that WWE employees had voted
no confidence A motion of no confidence, vote of no confidence, or no confidence motion, sometimes in the reverse as a motion of confidence or vote of confidence, is a statement or vote about whether a person in a position of responsibility (government, manager ...
in him the previous week. He subsequently appointed Laurinaitis as the interim general manager of ''Raw''. On June 11, 2012, McMahon returned to give a job evaluation to John Laurinaitis. After a conflict with Cena and Big Show that saw McMahon accidentally knocked out by Big Show, McMahon declared that if Big Show lost his match at
No Way OutNo Way Out may refer to: Film and television *No Way Out (1950 film), ''No Way Out'' (1950 film), a film starring Richard Widmark and Sidney Poitier *No Way Out (1973 film), ''No Way Out'' (1973 film), a film starring Alain Delon and Richard Conte * ...
, Laurinaitis would be fired. Cena defeated Big Show in a
steel cage match Many types of wrestling matches, sometimes called "concept" or " gimmick matches" in the jargon of the business, are performed in professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestlin ...

steel cage match
, and McMahon fired Laurinaitis. McMahon announced as ''Raw'''s new general manager at ''
Raw 1000 Raw 1000 was a television special that was broadcast live on July 23, 2012, airing on USA Network (in the United States, U.S.) as the 1000th episode of WWE's flagship show ''WWE Raw, Raw''. It was held at the Scottrade Center in St. Louis, Missour ...
'' and made Booker T SmackDown's new general manager on August 3 episode of ''SmackDown''. After CM Punk interrupted him on the October 8 episode of ''Raw'', he challenged Punk to a match, threatening to fire him if he declined. The match did not officially start, but McMahon held his own in a brawl with Punk until Punk attempted the
GTS GTS may refer to: Education * General Theological Seminary The General Theological Seminary of the Episcopal Church (GTS) is a seminary of the Episcopal Church in New York. Founded in 1817, GTS is the oldest seminary of the Episcopal Church an ...
. Ryback and Cena interfered and McMahon ultimately booked Punk in a match with Ryback at
Hell in a Cell Hell in a Cell is a professional wrestling professional wrestling match types, cage-based match which originated in 1997 in the World Wrestling Federation (WWF, now WWE). It features a large cell structure, a five-sided cuboid made from open-weave ...
.


The Authority (2013–2017)

During the buildup for the 2013 Royal Rumble, McMahon told CM Punk that if
The Shield ''The Shield'' is an American crime drama Crime films, in the broadest sense, is a film genre A film genre is a stylistic or thematic category for motion pictures A film, also called a movie, motion picture or moving picture, ...
interfered in his match with , Punk would forfeit the WWE Championship. During the match, the lights went out and The Rock was attacked by what appeared to be The Shield, leading to The Rock's loss. McMahon came out and restarted the match at The Rock's request and The Rock won the championship from Punk. The next night on ''Raw'', while conducting a performance review on
Paul Heyman Paul Heyman (born September 11, 1965) is an American entertainment executive and performer. He is currently signed to WWE World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc., d/b/a WWE, is an American integrated media and entertainment company that is pri ...

Paul Heyman
, he was assaulted by the returning
Brock Lesnar Brock Edward Lesnar (; born July 12, 1977) is an United States, American-Canada, Canadian Professional wrestling, professional wrestler, retired Mixed martial arts, mixed martial artist, and retired professional American football, football pl ...
, who attacked him with the F-5. According to WWE.com, McMahon broke his pelvis and required surgery. Vince sought revenge on Heyman and faced him in a street fight on the February 25 episode of ''Raw'', but Lesnar again interfered, only for Triple H to interfere as well, setting up a rematch between Lesnar and Triple H at
WrestleMania 29 WrestleMania 29 (billed in print ads as WrestleMania NY/NJ) was the 29th annual WrestleMania professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome ...
. From June 2013, members of the
McMahon family The McMahon family is a prominent Irish Americans, Irish-American family, primarily known for their involvement in the professional wrestling business. They are the founders, owners, and promoters of the world's largest wrestling company, WWE, Wor ...
began to dispute various elements of the control of WWE, such as the fates of
Daniel Bryan Bryan Lloyd Danielson (born May 22, 1981) is an American Professional wrestling, professional wrestler currently signed to WWE, where he performs on the SmackDown (WWE brand), SmackDown WWE brand extension, brand under the ring name Daniel Bryan ...
, and of ''Raw'' and ''SmackDown'' general managers
Brad Maddox Tyler Kluttz (born May 4, 1984) is an American professional wrestler Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned in advance, typically between per ...
and
Vickie Guerrero Vickie Lynn Benson (formerly Guerrero, née__NOTOC__ A birth name is the name of the person given upon their birth. The term may be applied to the surname, the given name or to the entire name. Where births are required to be officially regis ...

Vickie Guerrero
. After Triple H and Stephanie created The Authority, McMahon celebrated
Randy Orton Randal Keith Orton (born April 1, 1980) is an American Professional wrestling, professional wrestler and actor. He is currently signed to WWE, where he performs on the Raw (WWE brand), Raw brand. Orton is a third-generation professional wres ...

Randy Orton
's victory at
TLC TLC may refer to: Arts and entertainment Television * TLC (TV series), ''TLC'' (TV series), a 2002 British situational comedy television series that aired on BBC2 * TLC (TV network), formerly the Learning Channel, an American cable TV network ** TL ...
with them, but stepped aside from his on-screen authority role in early 2014 to evaluate Triple H and Stephanie's control of the company. McMahon returned on the November 3, 2014, episode of ''Raw'', making a stipulation that if Team Cena had defeated Team Authority at
Survivor Series Survivor Series is a professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and performing art, which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhibitions, called 'matches', held by touring companies called ...
, The Authority would be removed from power. Team Cena won the match, but McMahon gave John Cena the option to reinstate The Authority. McMahon returned on the December 14, 2015, episode of ''Raw'', aligning himself with The Authority, by confronting
Roman Reigns Leati Joseph "Joe" Anoaʻi (born May 25, 1985) is an American professional wrestler Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned in advance, typic ...

Roman Reigns
over his attack on
Triple H Paul Michael Levesque (born July 27, 1969), better known by the ring name A ring name is a type of stage name used by an athlete such as a Professional wrestling, professional wrestler, Mixed martial arts, mixed martial artist, or Boxing, bo ...
at the
TLC TLC may refer to: Arts and entertainment Television * TLC (TV series), ''TLC'' (TV series), a 2002 British situational comedy television series that aired on BBC2 * TLC (TV network), formerly the Learning Channel, an American cable TV network ** TL ...
pay-per-view. McMahon granted Reigns a rematch for the
WWE World Heavyweight Championship The WWE Championship is a world heavyweight championship created and promoted by the American professional wrestling promotion WWE, currently defended on their Raw brand division. It is one of WWE's three world titles, alongside the Univer ...
against
Sheamus Stephen Farrelly (born 28 January 1978) is an Irish professional wrestler and actor. He is currently signed to WWE, where he performs on the Raw brand under the ring name A ring name is a type of stage name A stage name is a pseudony ...

Sheamus
, with the stipulation that if he failed to win the championship he would be fired. During the match, McMahon interfered on Sheamus' behalf but was attacked by Reigns, who then pinned Sheamus to win the WWE World Heavyweight Championship. On the December 28 episode of ''Raw'', McMahon was arrested for assaulting an
NYPD The New York City Police Department (NYPD), officially the City of New York Police Department, is the primary law enforcement File:CBP female officers going aboard a ship.jpg, upU.S. Customs and Border Protection officers boarding a ship ' ...
officer and resisting arrest after a confrontation with Roman Reigns. McMahon made himself special guest referee in Reigns' rematch against Sheamus on the January 4, 2016 episode of ''Raw'', where Reigns won after McMahon was knocked out and another referee made the decision. With his plan foiled, McMahon retaliated by announcing after the match that Reigns would defend his title at the
Royal Rumble The Royal Rumble is a professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and performing art, which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhibitions, called 'matches', held by touring companies called ...
against 29 other men in the
Royal Rumble match The Royal Rumble match is a professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and , which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhibitions, called 'matches', held by touring companies called , in a sty ...

Royal Rumble match
, which was won by Triple H. On the February 22, episode of ''Raw'', McMahon presented the first-ever "Vincent J. McMahon Legacy of Excellence" Award to Stephanie before being interrupted
Shane McMahon Shane Brandon McMahon (born January 15, 1970) is an American businessman and professional wrestler. He is the founder and Chairperson, executive vice-chairman of Ideanomics, formerly Seven Stars Cloud Group. He is also a minority owner, Road agen ...

Shane McMahon
, who returned to WWE for the first time in over six years, confronting his father and sister, and claiming that he wanted control of ''Raw''. This led to Vince book Shane against The Undertaker at
WrestleMania 32 WrestleMania 32 was the 32nd annual WrestleMania professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event and WWE Network event produced by WWE. It took place on April 3, 2016, at the AT&T Stadium in Arlington, Texas Arlington is a city in the U.S. ...
in a Hell in a Cell match with the stipulation that if Shane won, he would have full control of ''Raw'' and The Undertaker would be banned from competing in any future WrestleMania. On the April 4 episode of ''Raw'', McMahon gloated about Shane's loss at WrestleMania the previous night, before Shane came out, accepted his defeat and said goodbye, leading McMahon to allow Shane to run that nights show, after feeling upstaged by his son. After Shane ran ''Raw'' for the rest of April, at Payback, McMahon announced Shane and Stephanie had joint control. On the April 3, 2017 episode of ''Raw'', McMahon returned to announce
Kurt Angle Kurt Steven Angle (born December 9, 1968) is an American Olympic Olympic or Olympics may refer to Sports Events * Olympic Games, international multi-sport event held since 1896 ** Summer Olympic Games ** Winter Olympic Games * Ancient Olymp ...

Kurt Angle
as the new Raw General Manager and the upcoming Superstar Shake-up. On September 5, it was announced that McMahon would make an appearance on the September 12 episode of ''SmackDown Live''. At the end of that night as a
face The face is the front of an animal's head that features the eyes Eyes are organs An organ is a group of tissues with similar functions. Plant life and animal life rely on many organs that co-exist in organ systems. A given organ's ti ...
, McMahon confronted
Kevin Owens Kevin Steen (born May 7, 1984) is a Canadian Professional wrestling, professional wrestler currently signed to WWE, where he performs on the Raw (WWE brand), Raw WWE brand extension, brand under the ring name Kevin Owens. Steen began his career ...

Kevin Owens
, who was unhappy about Vince's son Shane attacking him the week before, which resulted in Shane being suspended. McMahon was furious about the heinous words regarding his family, and how Owens was not respectful, and how he planned to prosecute everybody who wronged him. McMahon warned him that his lawsuit would result in him being fired, but McMahon has the cash to deal with that empty threat. This prompted Owens to say Shane put his hands on him, but McMahon said he suspended Shane for not finishing off Owens. Shane was then reinstated to face Owens at the ''Hell in a Cell'' pay-per-view. Owens then attacked McMahon, leaving him lying in the ring. Even with several referees present, Owens continued to attack McMahon, and splashed down on him from atop one of the ring posts, resulting in McMahon being (
kayfabe In professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and performing art, which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhibitions, called 'matches', held by touring companies called Professional wrestlin ...
) injured.
Stephanie McMahon Stephanie McMahon Levesque (born Stephanie Marie McMahon []; September 24, 1976) is an American businesswoman and retired professional wrestler. She is the chief brand officer (CBO) of WWE and appears as an authority figure on the Raw Raw is an ...

Stephanie McMahon
also returned to help her father, as he was attended to by WWE officials.


Sporadic appearances (2018–present)

On January 22, 2018, McMahon returned on '' Raw 25 Years'' to address the WWE Universe, only to later turn on them by calling them "cheap" turning heel once again. He was later confronted, and stunnered, by
Stone Cold Steve Austin Steve Austin (born Steven James Anderson, December 18, 1964; later Steven James Williams) is an American television host, actor, and retired professional wrestler Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment inv ...

Stone Cold Steve Austin
. On March 12, McMahon made an appearance in a backstage segment with
Roman Reigns Leati Joseph "Joe" Anoaʻi (born May 25, 1985) is an American professional wrestler Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned in advance, typic ...

Roman Reigns
, announcing that Reigns would be suspended for his recent actions. On SmackDown 1000 McMahon returned as face once again after dancing on TruthTV. McMahon returned once again to WWE television on the December 17, 2018, episode of ''
Monday Night Raw ''WWE Raw'', also known as ''Monday Night Raw'' or simply ''Raw'', is an American professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and performing art, which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhi ...
'', accompanied by his son , daughter
Stephanie McMahon Stephanie McMahon Levesque (born Stephanie Marie McMahon []; September 24, 1976) is an American businesswoman and retired professional wrestler. She is the chief brand officer (CBO) of WWE and appears as an authority figure on the Raw Raw is an ...

Stephanie McMahon
, and his son-in-law
Triple H Paul Michael Levesque (born July 27, 1969), better known by the ring name A ring name is a type of stage name used by an athlete such as a Professional wrestling, professional wrestler, Mixed martial arts, mixed martial artist, or Boxing, bo ...
, promising to shake things up as they admitted they weren't performing as well as they should have. McMahon announced that the four of them would now ''run'' both ''Monday Night Raw'' and ''SmackDown Live'' collectively. In early 2019, McMahon entered in the feud between
Daniel Bryan Bryan Lloyd Danielson (born May 22, 1981) is an American Professional wrestling, professional wrestler currently signed to WWE, where he performs on the SmackDown (WWE brand), SmackDown WWE brand extension, brand under the ring name Daniel Bryan ...
and
Kofi Kingston Kofi Nahaje Sarkodie-Mensah (born August 14, 1981) is a Ghanaian-American professional wrestler Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned in ad ...

Kofi Kingston
, not letting that latter receive a
WWE championship The WWE Championship is a World championship (professional wrestling), world heavyweight championship created and promoted by the American professional wrestling promotion WWE, currently defended on their Raw (WWE brand), Raw WWE brand extensio ...
match at
WrestleMania WrestleMania is a professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and performing art, which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhibitions, called 'matches', held by touring companies called Pro ...

WrestleMania
. McMahon returned to WWE television on the April 24, 2020, episode of ''
Friday Night SmackDown ''WWE SmackDown'', also known as ''Friday Night SmackDown'' or simply ''SmackDown'', is an American professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and ...
'', in celebration of
Triple H Paul Michael Levesque (born July 27, 1969), better known by the ring name A ring name is a type of stage name used by an athlete such as a Professional wrestling, professional wrestler, Mixed martial arts, mixed martial artist, or Boxing, bo ...
's 25th anniversary in WWE. He also appeared at
Survivor Series (2020) Survivor Series was a professional wrestling pay-per-view and WWE Network event, produced by WWE for their Raw and SmackDown brand divisions. It took place on November 22, 2020, and was broadcast from the WWE ThunderDome, hosted at the Amw ...
introducing The Undertaker to the ring during his retirement celebrations, and in night 1 of
WrestleMania 37 WrestleMania 37 was the 37th annual WrestleMania WrestleMania is a professional wrestling event produced annually between mid-March and mid-April by WWE, an American professional wrestling promotion based in Stamford, Connecticut. WWE first p ...
on April 10, 2021 to welcome the fans back in person at the
Raymond James Stadium Raymond James Stadium, also known by the nickname "Ray Jay", is a multi-purpose stadium located in Tampa, Florida Tampa () is a major city on the Gulf Coast The Gulf Coast of the United States is the coastline along the Southern United ...
after a year of halting live events due to the
COVID-19 pandemic The COVID-19 pandemic is an ongoing global pandemic A pandemic (from , , "all" and , , "local people" the 'crowd') is an of an that has spread across a large region, for instance multiple or worldwide, affecting a substantial numbe ...

COVID-19 pandemic
. On July 6, 2021 it was revealed a scripted television series called ''The United States of America vs. Vince McMahon'' centered around the 1994
United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York The United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York (in case citations, E.D.N.Y.) is the United States District Court, federal district court whose jurisdiction comprises Long Island (including portions of New York City) and S ...
criminal court case brought against McMahon on suspicion of supplying illegal
anabolic steroids Anabolic steroids, also known more properly as anabolic–androgenic steroids (AAS), are steroid , a steroid with 27 carbon atoms. Its core ring system (ABCD), composed of 17 carbon atoms, is shown with IUPAC The International Union of Pu ...
to his professional wrestlers would begin production. The series is produced by a partnership of ''
WWE Studios WWE Studios Inc. (formerly known as WWE Films) is an American film studio owned by the professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and performing art, which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of e ...
and
Blumhouse Television Blumhouse Productions () is an American film and television series production company, founded by Jason Blum. Blumhouse is known mainly for producing horror films, such as ''Paranormal Activity'', ''Insidious (film), Insidious'', ''Sinister (film) ...

Blumhouse Television
'' and executive produced by McMahon and Kevin Dunn, WWE Executive Producer and Chief of Global Television Distribution


United States Wrestling Association (1993)

While the Mr. McMahon character marked the first time that McMahon had been portrayed as a villain in WWF, in 1993, McMahon was engaged in a feud with
Jerry Lawler Jerry O'Neil Lawler (born November 29, 1949), better known as Jerry "The King" Lawler, is an American color commentator and professional wrestler. He is currently signed to WWE, where he performs on the commentary team. Prior to joining WWE in ...
as part of a cross-promotion between the WWF and the
United States Wrestling Association The United States Wrestling Association (USWA) was a professional wrestling promotion based in Memphis, Tennessee. The company was founded when the Memphis, Tennessee, Memphis-based Continental Wrestling Association merged with the Dallas, Texas, ...
(USWA). As part of the angle, McMahon sent various WWF wrestlers to
Memphis Memphis is the name of: *Memphis, Egypt , alternate_name = , image = , alt = , caption = Ruins of the pillared hall of Ramesses IIat Mit Rahina , map_type = Egypt , map_alt = , map_size = , reli ...
to dethrone Lawler as the "king of professional wrestling". This angle marked the first time that McMahon physically interjected himself into a match, as he occasionally tripped and punched at Lawler while seated ringside. During the angle, McMahon was not acknowledged as the owner of the WWF, and the feud was not acknowledged on WWF television, as the two continued to provide commentary together (along with
Randy Savage Randy Mario Poffo (November 15, 1952 – May 20, 2011), better known by his ring name "Macho Man" Randy Savage, was an American Professional wrestling, professional wrestler and professional baseball, professional baseball player best known for h ...
) for the television show ''
Superstars ''Superstars'' is a sports competition in which elite athletes from a variety of sports compete against each other. The athletes must not compete in the sport for which they practice their profession; resembling a decathlon. Points are awarded ...
''. The feud also helped build toward Lawler's match with
Bret Hart Bret Sergeant Hart (born July 2, 1957) is a Canadian-American Canadian Americans is a term that can be applied to American citizens Citizenship is the Status (law), status of a person recognized under the law of a country (and/or lo ...
at
SummerSlam SummerSlam is a professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and performing art, which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhibitions, called 'matches', held by touring companies called Profe ...
. The peak of the angle came with Tatanka defeating Lawler to win the USWA Championship with McMahon gloating at Lawler while wearing the championship belt. This storyline came to an abrupt end when Lawler was accused of raping a young girl in Memphis, and he was dropped from the WWF. He returned shortly afterward, however, as the girl later stated that the rape accusations were lies.


Professional wrestling style and persona

McMahon's on-screen persona is known for his throaty exclamation of "You're fired!", and his "power walk", an exaggerated strut toward the ring, swinging his arms and bobbing his head from side to side in a cocky manner. According to
Jim Cornette James Mark Cornette (born September 17, 1961) is an American author An author is the creator or originator of any written work such as a book A book is a medium for recording information Information is processed, organised an ...
, the power walk was inspired by one of McMahon's favorite wrestlers as a child, Dr. Jerry Graham.
The Fabulous Moolah ''The'' () is a grammatical article Article often refers to: * Article (grammar) An article is any member of a class of dedicated words that are used with noun phrases to mark the identifiability of the referents of the noun phrases. The c ...
claims in her autobiography that "Nature Boy" Buddy Rogers was the inspiration for the walk. According to composer Jim Johnston, the idea behind his theme song, "No Chance in Hell", was "He's got the power, the money, and ..., he was pretty much the only game in town. ... Rather than a song about one man, I wanted it to be about 'The Man.'"


Legacy

Vince McMahon is often described as the most influential person in professional wrestling history and for having had a large impact on television and American culture.
ESPN ESPN (originally an initialism for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network) is an American multinational basic cable Cable television Cable television is a system of delivering television programming to consumers via radio frequen ...

ESPN
reporter
Shaun Assael Shaun Assael (born February 4, 1962) is an American author and award-winning investigative journalist. He is the author of four books that deal with sports, crime and culture. Journalist After graduating from New York University with a degree in ...
writes: "As a TV pioneer, he went from selling costumed super-heroes like
Hulk Hogan Terry Eugene Bollea (, born August 11, 1953), better known by his ring name A ring name is a type of stage name used by an athlete such as a Professional wrestling, professional wrestler, Mixed martial arts, mixed martial artist, or Boxing, ...

Hulk Hogan
to dark anti-heroes like
Steve Austin Steve Austin (born Steven James Anderson, December 18, 1964; later Steven James Williams) is an American actor, producer, television host, podcast host and retired professional wrestler Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibitio ...

Steve Austin
. He helped give birth to
reality television Reality television is a genre of television programming that documents purportedly unscripted real-life situations, often starring unknown people rather than professional actors. Reality television emerged as a distinct genre in the early 1990 ...
by making himself a central character, and he launched into a movie career. No one in television can match his longevity. Few have his instincts for what sells." His daughter,
Stephanie McMahon Stephanie McMahon Levesque (born Stephanie Marie McMahon []; September 24, 1976) is an American businesswoman and retired professional wrestler. She is the chief brand officer (CBO) of WWE and appears as an authority figure on the Raw Raw is an ...

Stephanie McMahon
, credits him for creating the term "
sports entertainment Sports entertainment is a type of spectacle which presents an ostensibly competition, competitive event using a high level of theatre, theatrical flourish and extravagant presentation, with the purpose of entertainment, entertaining an audience. Un ...
" and publicly acknowledging wrestling's predetermined nature, while Thom Loverro of ''
The Washington Times ''The Washington Times'' is an American conservative Conservatism is an aesthetic Aesthetics, or esthetics (), is a branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of beauty and taste (sociology), taste, as well as the philosop ...
'' ascribes McMahon with shaping reality television and American politics with sports entertainment. Television executive
Dick Ebersol Duncan "Dick" Ebersol (; born July 28, 1947) is an American television executive and a senior adviser for NBC Universal Sports & Olympics. He had previously been the chairman of NBC Sports, producing large-scale television events such as the ...

Dick Ebersol
considers McMahon to be the best partner he has worked with and believes he has impacted American culture. McMahon's close friend and former on-screen rival, ex-U.S. president
Donald Trump Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is an American politician A politician is a person active in party politics A political party is an organization that coordinates candidate A candidate, or nominee, is the prospective reci ...

Donald Trump
, praised McMahon, stating: "People love this stuff, and it’s all because of Vince McMahon and his vision."
Jim Cornette James Mark Cornette (born September 17, 1961) is an American author An author is the creator or originator of any written work such as a book A book is a medium for recording information Information is processed, organised an ...
called McMahon "the most successful promoter ever".
Tony Khan Antony Rafiq Khan (born October 10, 1982) is an American businessman, promoter, and sports executive known for his involvement in American football American football, referred to simply as football in the United States and Canada and a ...

Tony Khan
, the promoter of rival promotion
All Elite Wrestling All Elite Wrestling, LLC (AEW) is an American professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and performing art, which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhibitions, called 'matches', held by ...
, considers McMahon to be one of his idols, while former WCW President
Eric Bischoff Eric Aaron Bischoff (born May 27, 1955) is an American entrepreneur, television producer, professional wrestling booker, podcast host, and on-screen personality. He is best known for serving as Executive Producer and later Senior Vice Presiden ...

Eric Bischoff
describes him as "brilliant". Scott Hammond of VultureHound magazine both praised and was critical of McMahon, where he credits the legacy of McMahon's successes, from the birth of Hulkamania to birthing
WrestleMania WrestleMania is a professional wrestling event produced annually between mid-March and mid-April by WWE, an American professional wrestling promotion based in Stamford, Connecticut. WWE first produced the event in WrestleMania 1, 1985 and has s ...

WrestleMania
, to beating out his rival competition of
Ted Turner Robert Edward Turner III (born November 19, 1938) is an American entrepreneur, television producer, media proprietor A media proprietor, media mogul or media tycoon refers to a successful entrepreneur or businessperson who controls, through ...

Ted Turner
's
World Championship Wrestling World Championship Wrestling, Inc. (WCW) was an American professional wrestling promotion A professional wrestling promotion is a company or business that regularly performs shows involving professional wrestling. "Promotion" also describes a ro ...
coming out victorious in the TV ratings in the
Monday Night Wars The Monday Night Wars were a period of mainstream televised American professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and , which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhibitions, called 'matches', h ...
and later purchasing WCW from Turner, Hammond, however was also critical of McMahon, where he pointed out in the later years, that McMahon has seemingly lost the pulse that he had such a grip of in the late 1990s into the mid-2000s, from seemingly listening to the fans and pushing the talent that got the biggest reaction to just listening to himself, McMahon has therefore taken many wrong turns in recent years. Former WWE and WCW announcer
Gene Okerlund Eugene Arthur Okerlund (December 19, 1942 – January 2, 2019), better known by his ring name A ring name is a type of stage name A stage name is a pseudonym used by performers and entertainers such as actors, comedians, singers, and musician ...
credits McMahon for the success of WWE's Attitude Era and that the reason the ideas worked from the WWE creative team of
Vince Russo Vincent James Russo (born January 24, 1961) is an American author, podcaster, professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned i ...

Vince Russo
and
Ed Ferrara Edward Ferrara (born November 22, 1966) is an American retired professional wrestling, professional wrestler, writer and agent for the World Wrestling Entertainment, World Wrestling Federation and World Championship Wrestling, often co-working al ...
during the attitude era was because McMahon was able to control them by McMahon using the ideas that he liked and throwing out the stuff he didn't.
Arn Anderson Martin Anthony Lunde (born September 20, 1958), better known by the ring name Arn Anderson, is an American road agent, author, and retired Professional wrestling, professional wrestler signed to All Elite Wrestling (AEW). Although he is widely ...
calls McMahon a "marketing genius" for attracting women and children to the product, but says it came at the expense of "the bell-to-bell action", which is the reason most wrestlers got into the business. Promoter and manager
Jim Cornette James Mark Cornette (born September 17, 1961) is an American author An author is the creator or originator of any written work such as a book A book is a medium for recording information Information is processed, organised an ...
stated that older wrestlers dislike him for "breaking the code" by acknowledging that wrestling is predetermined, that fans who only watched during the Attitude Era will remember him well and that he will be criticized by modern fans for being "an old man ... hat presidesover a bland, boring product".
Jon Moxley Jonathan David Good (born December 7, 1985), better known by the ring name Jon Moxley, is an American Professional wrestling, professional wrestler and actor. He is signed to All Elite Wrestling (AEW) and New Japan Pro-Wrestling (NJPW), where he ...

Jon Moxley
, who wrestled for WWE as Dean Ambrose and became WWE Champion, left WWE because of their creative process in 2019 and singled out McMahon for being the problem. A 2020 article in ''
Variety Variety may refer to: Science and technology Mathematics * Algebraic variety, the set of solutions of a system of polynomial equations * Variety (universal algebra), classes of algebraic structures defined by equations in universal algebra Hort ...
'' also blamed McMahon for a continuous decrease in ratings over the years and urged investors to hold him accountable. Former WWE wrestler
Chris Hero Chris Spradlin (born December 24, 1979), better known by his ring name A ring name is a type of stage name A stage name is a pseudonym A pseudonym () (originally: ψευδώνυμος in Greek) or alias () is a fictitious name that a p ...

Chris Hero
claimed that "I don’t think Vince cares to be in touch with today’s wrestling ..he’s not trying to be ‘in touch.". Some wrestlers have expressed outright disdain for McMahon with
Ryback Ryback Allen Reeves (né Ryan; born November 10, 1981) is an American professional wrestler. He is best known for his time in WWE World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc., d/b/a WWE, is an American integrated media and entertainment company th ...
calling him a "piece of shit" and stating that "the world would be a better place when he passes." Former WWE superstar Mike Bennett also expressed disdain for McMahon stating "Vince is a greedy evil man". Former WWE creative writer
Vince Russo Vincent James Russo (born January 24, 1961) is an American author, podcaster, professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned i ...

Vince Russo
has been critical of McMahon, stating "When you're working for Vince cMahon..He owns your life". In 2020, WWE Hall Of Famer Jake Roberts, Jake "The Snake" Roberts has been critical of McMahon in how McMahon manages the current WWE product with his writing staff. and in 2021, Roberts reflecting on his time working for McMahon in the WWE was critical of McMahon for making him get involved in an angle where Jerry Lawler nearly poured a bottle of Bourbon into his mouth. Roberts stated "I thought it was a horrible thing for McMahon to ask me to do, It was cheap, it was disrespectful". McMahon's point of view regarding tag team wrestling has also been criticized by some industry figures. Arn Anderson and Tom Prichard think McMahon doesn't like tag team wrestling for financial reasons. Former WWF Tag Team Champion Bret Hart said "he kind of singlehandedly killed" tag team wrestling. Assael also writes that "Steroids will always be a part of that legacy" because of his legal trial and the controversies that arose in the aftermath of Chris Benoit's death. Several of WWE's top wrestlers from WWE's past and present have offered praise for McMahon.
Roman Reigns Leati Joseph "Joe" Anoaʻi (born May 25, 1985) is an American professional wrestler Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned in advance, typic ...

Roman Reigns
has praised McMahon stating "I can’t say Vince has ever done me wrong. Regardless of all the fantasy bookers out there, at the end of the day life’s been pretty good for me in the wrestling business so I have to attribute a lot of that to the relationship that I do have with Vince and the way that he has always taken care of me. He takes care of all of us. To have that responsibility and that role is not easy to be a provider and a protector and that’s what he is. I think along with everybody else, I can say that we are all very grateful". One of
WWE World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc., d/b/a WWE, is an American integrated media and entertainment company that is primarily known for professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving ...
's top superstars Seth Rollins has praised McMahon stating "Vince McMahon has been doing this 20 years longer than I've been alive. So he's got some ideas and he knows things that I just don't know that I have to learn".
The Undertaker Mark William Calaway (born March 24, 1965), better known by the ring name A ring name is a type of stage name A stage name is a pseudonym A pseudonym () (originally: ψευδώνυμος in Greek) or alias () is a fictitious name tha ...

The Undertaker
has praised McMahon, referring to Vince as "a caring human being, not the monster that people think that he is, I’ve never taken for granted the special opportunity he gave me, If Vince feels like there’s still something there, I have a place on the roster, then I had no problem doing it".
Jim Ross James William Ross (born January 3, 1952) is an American professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned in advance, typically ...
has stated that "People misunderstand Mr. McMahon and Vince McMahon. It’s a lot easier to bitch at somebody and knock them as Mr. McMahon than understand the human being that is Vince McMahon." Drew McIntyre,
Kurt Angle Kurt Steven Angle (born December 9, 1968) is an American Olympic Olympic or Olympics may refer to Sports Events * Olympic Games, international multi-sport event held since 1896 ** Summer Olympic Games ** Winter Olympic Games * Ancient Olymp ...

Kurt Angle
, Dwayne Johnson and
John Cena John Felix Anthony Cena ( ; born April 23, 1977) is an American professional wrestler, actor, and former rapper currently signed to WWE. Widely regarded as one of the greatest professional wrestlers of all time, he is tied with Ric Flair for ...

John Cena
praise him as being a father figure to them.
Stone Cold Steve Austin Steve Austin (born Steven James Anderson, December 18, 1964; later Steven James Williams) is an American television host, actor, and retired professional wrestler Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment inv ...

Stone Cold Steve Austin
says that he loves and respects McMahon, despite a previous acromonious relationship at times. Professional wrestling legend and former WWE superstar
Chris Jericho Christopher Keith Irvine (born November 9, 1970), better known by the ring name A ring name is a type of stage name A stage name is a pseudonym used by performers and entertainers such as actors, comedians, singers, and musicians. Such ti ...

Chris Jericho
has praised McMahon stating "he’s set in his ways of doing things and they’re very successful”.


Other media

In 2001, McMahon was interviewed by ''Playboy'' and performed an interview with his son Shane for the second issue of the magazine that year. In March 2006, at age 60, McMahon was featured on the cover of ''Muscle & Fitness'' magazine. In August 2006, ''McMahon'', a two-disc DVD set showcasing McMahon's career was released. The box art symbolizes the blurred reality between Vince McMahon the person and Mr. McMahon the character. ''McMahon'' features profiling of the Mr. McMahon character, such as the rivalries with wrestlers, on-screen firings, and antics. The DVD includes Vince's business life, such as acquiring WCW and ECW and the demise of the XFL. McMahon's top nine matches of his professional wrestling career are included in ''McMahon''. In March 2015, at age 69, McMahon once again appeared on the cover of ''Muscle & Fitness'' magazine.


Filmography


Personal life


Family

McMahon married Linda McMahon on August 26, 1966, in New Bern, North Carolina. The two met in church when Linda was 13 and Vince was 16. At that time, McMahon was known as Vince Lupton, using his stepfather's surname. They were introduced by Vince's mother, Vicky H. Lupton (now Vicky H. Askew). They have two children, and
Stephanie Image:Großherzogin Stephanie von Baden.jpg, Painting of Stéphanie Anne Donnell de Beauharnais by François Pascal Simon, Baron Gérard (1806) Stephanie is a female name that comes from the Greek language, Greek name Στέφανος (Stephanos) ...

Stephanie
, both of whom have spent time in the WWF/E both onscreen and behind the scenes. Shane left the company on January 1, 2010 (later returning in 2016), while Stephanie continues to be active in a backstage role and onscreen. McMahon had an older brother, Roderick James McMahon III (October 12, 1943 – January 20, 2021), who was not involved in the wrestling industry. McMahon has six grandchildren: Declan James, Kenyon Jesse, and Rogan Henry McMahon, sons of Shane and his wife Marissa Mazzola-McMahon, Marissa; and Aurora Rose, Murphy Claire, and Vaughn Evelyn Levesque, daughters of Stephanie and her husband Triple H, Paul "Triple H" Levesque.


Wealth and donations

As of 2006, McMahon has a $12 million Penthouse apartment, penthouse in Manhattan, Manhattan, New York; a $40 million mansion in Greenwich, Connecticut; a $20 million vacation home; and a 47-foot sports yacht named ''Sexy Bitch''. His wealth has been noted at $1.1 billion, backing up WWE's claim he was a billionaire for 2001, although he was reported to have since dropped off the list between 2002 and 2013. In 2014, McMahon had an estimated net worth of $1.2 billion. On May 16, 2014, McMahon's worth dropped to an estimated $750 million after his WWE stock fell $350 million due to a price drop following disappointing business outcomes. In 2015, McMahon returned to the list with an estimated worth of $1.2 billion. In 2018, his net worth reached $3.6 billion. McMahon and his wife have donated to various Republican Party (United States), Republican Party causes, including $1 million in 2014 to federal candidates and political action committees, such as Karl Rove's American Crossroads and the research and tracking group America Rising. The McMahons have donated $5 million to
Donald Trump Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is an American politician A politician is a person active in party politics A political party is an organization that coordinates candidate A candidate, or nominee, is the prospective reci ...

Donald Trump
's charity, the Donald J. Trump Foundation. The McMahons donated over $8 million in 2008, giving grants to the
Fishburne Military School Fishburne Military School (FMS) is a Private school, private, Military academy, military boarding school for Single-sex education, boys in Waynesboro, Virginia, Waynesboro, Virginia, United States. It was founded by James A. Fishburne in 1879 and ...

Fishburne Military School
, Sacred Heart University, and
East Carolina University East Carolina University (ECU) is a public university, public research university in Greenville, North Carolina. It is the fourth largest university in North Carolina. Founded on March 8, 1907, as a Normal school, teacher training school, East C ...

East Carolina University
. ''Nonprofit Quarterly'' noted the majority of the McMahons' donations were towards capital expenditures. In 2006, they paid $2.5 million for construction of a tennis facility in Ebensburg, Pennsylvania. The McMahons have supported the Special Olympics since 1986, first developing an interest through their friendship with NBC producer
Dick Ebersol Duncan "Dick" Ebersol (; born July 28, 1947) is an American television executive and a senior adviser for NBC Universal Sports & Olympics. He had previously been the chairman of NBC Sports, producing large-scale television events such as the ...

Dick Ebersol
and Susan Saint James, who encouraged them to participate.


Rape and harassment allegations

On April 3, 1992, Rita Chatterton, a former
referee A referee is an official An official is someone who holds an office (function or Mandate (politics), mandate, regardless whether it carries an actual Office, working space with it) in an organization or government and participates in the ex ...
noted for her stint as Rita Marie in the WWF in the 1980s and for being the first female referee in the WWF (possibly in professional wrestling history), made an appearance on Geraldo Rivera's show ''Now It Can Be Told''. She claimed that on July 16, 1986, McMahon tried to force her to perform oral sex on him in his limousine and, when she refused, raped her. On February 1, 2006, McMahon was accused of sexual harassment by a worker at a tanning bar in Boca Raton, Florida. At first, the charge appeared to be discredited because McMahon was in Miami for the Royal Rumble (2006), 2006 Royal Rumble at the time. It was soon clarified that the alleged incident was reported to police on the day of the Rumble, but actually took place the day before. On March 25, it was reported that no charges would be filed against McMahon as a result of the investigation.


Legal trial

In November 1993, McMahon was indicted in federal court after a steroid controversy engulfed the promotion and thus temporarily ceded control of the WWF to his wife Linda. The case went to trial in 1994, where McMahon was accused of distributing steroids to his wrestlers. One prosecution witness was Kevin Wacholz, who had wrestled for the company in 1992 as "Nailz" and who had been fired after a violent confrontation with McMahon. Wacholz testified that McMahon had ordered him to use steroids, but his credibility was called into question during his testimony as he made it clear he "hated" McMahon. In July 1994, the jury acquitted McMahon of the charges.


Championships and accomplishments

* ''The Baltimore Sun'' ** Best Non-wrestling Performer of the Decade (2010) * Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame and Museum ** Class of 2011 * ''Pro Wrestling Illustrated'' ** List of Pro Wrestling Illustrated awards#Feud of the Year, Feud of the Year (1996) vs.
Eric Bischoff Eric Aaron Bischoff (born May 27, 1955) is an American entrepreneur, television producer, professional wrestling booker, podcast host, and on-screen personality. He is best known for serving as Executive Producer and later Senior Vice Presiden ...

Eric Bischoff
** Feud of the Year (1998, 1999) vs.
Stone Cold Steve Austin Steve Austin (born Steven James Anderson, December 18, 1964; later Steven James Williams) is an American television host, actor, and retired professional wrestler Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment inv ...

Stone Cold Steve Austin
** Feud of the Year (2001) vs.
Shane McMahon Shane Brandon McMahon (born January 15, 1970) is an American businessman and professional wrestler. He is the founder and Chairperson, executive vice-chairman of Ideanomics, formerly Seven Stars Cloud Group. He is also a minority owner, Road agen ...

Shane McMahon
** List of Pro Wrestling Illustrated awards#Match of the Year, Match of the Year (2006) vs.
Shawn Michaels Michael Shawn Hickenbottom (born July 22, 1965), better known by his ring name A ring name is a type of stage name used by an athlete such as a Professional wrestling, professional wrestler, Mixed martial arts, mixed martial artist, or Boxin ...

Shawn Michaels
in a Professional wrestling match types#Hardcore-based variations, No Holds Barred match at
WrestleMania 22 WrestleMania 22 was the 22nd annual WrestleMania professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned in advance, typically between pe ...
* WWE, World Wrestling Federation/World Wrestling Entertainment ** ECW World Championship (List of ECW World Heavyweight Champions, 1 time) ** WWE Championship, WWF Championship (List of WWE Champions, 1 time) ** Royal Rumble (Royal Rumble (1999), 1999) * ''Wrestling Observer Newsletter awards'' ** List of Wrestling Observer Newsletter awards#Best Booker, Best Booker (1987, 1998, 1999) ** List of Wrestling Observer Newsletter awards#Best Promoter, Best Promoter (1988, 1998–2000) ** List of Wrestling Observer Newsletter awards#Best Non-Wrestler, Best Non-Wrestler (1999, 2000) ** List of Wrestling Observer Newsletter awards#Feud of the Year, Feud of the Year (1998, 1999) vs. Stone Cold Steve Austin ** List of Wrestling Observer Newsletter awards#Most Obnoxious, Most Obnoxious (1983–1986, 1990, 1993) ** List of Wrestling Observer Newsletter awards#Worst Feud of the Year, Worst Feud of the Year (2006) with Shane McMahon vs.
D-Generation X D-Generation X is an American professional wrestling Glossary of professional wrestling terms#Stable, stable, and later a tag team, that appeared in the World Wrestling Federation (WWF, now known as WWE). The group originated in the midst of th ...

D-Generation X
(Shawn Michaels and
Triple H Paul Michael Levesque (born July 27, 1969), better known by the ring name A ring name is a type of stage name used by an athlete such as a Professional wrestling, professional wrestler, Mixed martial arts, mixed martial artist, or Boxing, bo ...
)
** Wrestling Observer Newsletter Hall of Fame (Wrestling Observer Newsletter Hall of Fame#Inductees, Class of 1996)


Other awards and honors

* Boys & Girls Clubs of America Hall of Fame (Class of 2015) * Guinness World Records – Oldest WWE Champion (September 1999) * Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Sacred Heart University * Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame (2008)


''Luchas de Apuestas'' record


References


Citations


General sources

* (via Google Books) *


External links


WWE Corporate Profile
* * {{DEFAULTSORT:McMahon, Vince 1945 births Living people 20th-century American businesspeople 21st-century American businesspeople American billionaires American chairpersons of corporations American chief executives American color commentators American football executives American ice hockey administrators American male professional wrestlers American mass media owners American people of Irish descent American political fundraisers American television talk show hosts Businesspeople from Greenwich, Connecticut Businesspeople from New York City Businesspeople from North Carolina Connecticut Republicans East Carolina University alumni ECW champions ECW Heavyweight Champions/ECW World Heavyweight Champions Fishburne Military School alumni McMahon family People acquitted of crimes People from Manhattan People from Pinehurst, North Carolina People who faked their own death People with dyslexia Professional wrestling authority figures Professional wrestlers billed from Connecticut Professional wrestlers from North Carolina Professional wrestling announcers Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame and Museum Professional wrestling trainers The Authority (professional wrestling) members WWE Champions WWE executives XFL (2001) XFL (2020) owners