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Turl Street is a historic street in central
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Oxford
, England.


Location

The street is located in the city centre, linking
Broad StreetBroad Street may refer to: United Kingdom *Broad Street railway station (England), in London *Broad Street (ward), in London *Broad Street, Birmingham *Broad Street, Bristol *Broad Street, Oxford *Broad Street, Reading *Broad Street, Suffolk, hamle ...

Broad Street
at the north and
High Street #REDIRECT High Street High Street is a common street name for the primary business Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling Product (business), products (such as goods and services) ...
at the south. It intersects with Brasenose Lane to the east, and
Market StreetMarket Street may refer to: *Market Street, Cambridge, England *Market Street, Fremantle, Western Australia, Australia *Market Street, George Town, Penang, Malaysia *Market Street, Manchester, England *Market Street, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia * ...
and Ship Street to the west. These streets link Turl Street to the busy Cornmarket, and to the iconic
Radcliffe Square Radcliffe Square is a square in central Oxford Oxford () is a city in England. It is the county town and only city of Oxfordshire. In 2017, its population was estimated at 152,450. It is northwest of London London is the capital city, ...
. It is colloquially known as The Turl and is home to three of the
University of Oxford The University of Oxford is a collegiate university, collegiate research university in Oxford, England. There is evidence of teaching as early as 1096, making it the oldest university in the English-speaking world and the List of oldest universit ...
's historic colleges:
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,
Jesus Jesus, likely from he, יֵשׁוּעַ, translit=Yēšūaʿ, label=Hebrew Hebrew (, , or ) is a Northwest Semitic languages, Northwest Semitic language of the Afroasiatic languages, Afroasiatic language family. Historically, it ...

Jesus
and Lincoln. It meets the High Street by the early 18th century
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church, which has been Lincoln College's library since the 1970s.


History

Turl Street was called St Mildred's Street in 1363, but was known as Turl Gate Street by the mid-17th century. It acquired this name from a twirling gate (demolished in 1722) which was in a
posternA postern is a secondary door A door is a hinged or otherwise movable barrier that allows ingress into and egress from an enclosure. The created opening in the wall is a ''doorway'' or ''portal''. A door's essential and primary purpose is to prov ...

postern
in the city wall. The part to the south of Ship Street was known as Lincoln College Lane in 1751. Originally the Turl came to an abrupt halt at its junction with Ship Street, where it reached the city wall and the twirling gate. By 1551, it was extended by a path (known as "The path leading from the Hole in the Wall") to reach what is now Broad Street, and in 1722 the gate was removed altogether. The Turl has been closed to traffic (except for access) since 1985. A rising
bollard A bollard is a sturdy, short, vertical post. The term originally referred to a post on a ship or quay A wharf, quay (, also ), or staith(e) is a structure on the shore of a harbour or on the bank of a river or canal where ships may dock to ...

bollard
, installed by the
Oxford City Council Oxford City Council is the Local government in England, lower-tier local government authority for the city of Oxford in England, providing such services as leisure centres and parking. Social Services, Education and Highways services (amongst ot ...
, cuts it off in the middle.


Commerce

As well as the three Turl Street colleges, the street houses several shops, including a sports shop, a bar and restaurant (the Turl Street Kitchen), a costume shop, an
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bookshop, two jewellery shops, a café, a stationery shop (Scriptum Fine Stationery), a leather goods shop, a whisky shop, a wine shop (located on the site of the traditional shoe shop Ducker & Son) and the traditional gentleman's tailors, Walters of Oxford. The site now occupied by the Turl Street Kitchen was once the QI Building ("QI Oxford") (associated with the
Quite Interesting
Quite Interesting
television series). The Turl Street colleges also have student housing above and around many of these shops.


Miscellaneous

Turl Street is the subject of an obscure
ecclesiastical {{Short pages monitor History of Oxford Jesus College, Oxford Lincoln College, Oxford Exeter College, Oxford