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Tiwa (
Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish language **Spanish cuisine Other places * Spanish, Ontario, Canada * Spanish River (disambiguation), the name of several ...

Spanish
''Tigua'', also ''E-nagh-magh'') is a group of two, possibly three, related
Tanoan languages Tanoan , also Kiowa–Tanoan or Tanoan–Kiowa, is a family of languages spoken by indigenous peoples in present-day New Mexico, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas. Most of the languages – Tiwa languages, Tiwa (Taos, Picuris, Southern Tiwa), Tewa la ...
spoken by the
TiwaTiwa and Tigua may refer to: * Tiwa Puebloans, an ethnic group of New Mexico, US * Tiwa (Lalung), an ethnic group of north-eastern India * Tiwa language (India), a Sino-Tibetan language of India * Tiwa languages, a group of Tanoan languages of the U ...

Tiwa
Pueblo In the Southwestern United States The Southwestern United States, also known as the American Southwest or simply the Southwest, is a geographic and cultural list of regions of the United States, region of the United States that generally inc ...
, and possibly
Piro Pueblo Piro Pueblo : The Piros (not to be confused with the Piros of the Ucayali The Ucayali River ( es, Río Ucayali, ) is the main headstream of the Amazon River The Amazon River (, ; es, Río Amazonas, pt, Rio Amazonas) in South America ...
, in the
U.S. The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country primarily located in North America North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all ...

U.S.
state of
New Mexico ) , population_demonym = New Mexican ( es, Neomexicano, Neomejicano, Nuevo Mexicano) , seat = Santa Fe , LargestCity = Albuquerque , LargestMetro = Greater Albuquerque , OfficialLang = None , Languages = English English usually refer ...

New Mexico
.


Subfamily members and relations

Southern Tiwa The Southern Tiwa language is a Tanoan language Tanoan , also Kiowa–Tanoan or Tanoan–Kiowa, is a family of languages spoken by indigenous peoples in present-day New Mexico, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas. Most of the languages – Tiwa langu ...
is spoken in by around 1,600 people in
Isleta Pueblo Pueblo of Isleta or Isleta Pueblo ( tix, Shiewhibak , kjq, Dîiw'a'ane ; nv, Naatoohó ) is an unincorporated community An unincorporated area is a region not governed by a local municipal corporation. Similarly, an unincorporated com ...
,
Sandia Pueblo Sandia Pueblo (; TiwaTiwa and Tigua may refer to: * Tiwa Puebloans, an ethnic group of New Mexico, US * Tiwa (Lalung), an ethnic group of north-eastern India * Tiwa language (India), a Sino-Tibetan language of India * Tiwa languages, a group of T ...
, and Ysleta del Sur Pueblo (Tigua Pueblo). The remaining two languages form a subgrouping known as ''Northern Tiwa''. Northern Tiwa consists of Taos spoken by 800 people in
Taos Pueblo Taos Pueblo (or Pueblo de Taos) is an ancient pueblo In the Southwestern United States The Southwestern United States, also known as the American Southwest or simply the Southwest, is a geographic and cultural list of regions of the Uni ...

Taos Pueblo
and Picuris spoken by around 220 people in Picuris Pueblo, New Mexico, Picuris Pueblo. The extinct language of
Piro Pueblo Piro Pueblo : The Piros (not to be confused with the Piros of the Ucayali The Ucayali River ( es, Río Ucayali, ) is the main headstream of the Amazon River The Amazon River (, ; es, Río Amazonas, pt, Rio Amazonas) in South America ...
may also have been a Tiwan language, but this is uncertain (see Piro Pueblo language).


History

After the Pueblo Revolt against the Spain, Spanish conquistadors in 1680, some of the Tigua and Piro peoples fled south with the Spanish to El Paso del Norte (present-day Ciudad Juárez, Mexico). There they founded Ysleta del Sur, Texas; Socorro, Texas; and Senecu, Mexico, Senecú del Sur, Mexico. Their descendants continued to live in these communities as late as 1996.Eickhoff, Randy Lee (1996) ''Exiled: The Tigua Indians of Ysleta del Sur,'' Republic of Texas Press, Plano, Texas,


See also

* Jornada del Muerto


Notes

Tanoan languages Languages of the United States Indigenous languages of the Southwestern United States Indigenous languages of the North American Southwest Tiwa Pueblo culture {{indigenousAmerican-lang-stub