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The Southern Theater Command Navy (), or the South Sea Fleet (SSF; ) is one of the three fleets of the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy, operating in the South China Sea under the Southern Theater Command. It is headquartered in Zhanjiang, Guangdong Province. Initially, the fleet's strength consisted mostly of former Kuomintang ships and personnel, which either defected or were captured by the People's Liberation Army. One of three fleets of the People's Liberation Army Navy, the SSF's duties were to protect the city of Guangzhou and the Pearl River regions, and support the PLA in capturing islands that were still in the hands of the Kuomintang forces. The fleet's development has been slow, because most of China's shipbuilding industry is located on the northern or eastern coasts. In the 1970s the fleet underwent a major buildup, due to conflict in the Paracel Islands and other reefs in the South China Sea. In 1974, the SSF took the Paracel Islands from South Vietnam, which resulted in the sinking of one South Vietnamese frigate while damaging another. The latest incident was in 1988, when a Chinese naval task force engaged Vietnamese naval forces, sinking one Vietnamese warship and damaging another. Most of the fleet's surface ships are located at Zhanjiang naval base, while all of the fleet's submarines are at Yulin Naval Base, on Hainan Island. The SSF has many other bases included Guangzhou, Haikou, Shantou, Mawei, and Beihai, while naval air force bases are at Lingshui, Haikou, Sanya, Zhanjiang, and Guiping. The fleet's area of operations is divided into six zones.


Structure


Functional Departments

The South Sea Fleet consists of the following departments: * General Staff Department - Fleet Headquarters Staff. * Political Work Department - Responsible for Communist Party oversight over the fleet. * Discipline Inspection Committee - Responsible for maintaining discipline in the fleet. * Equipment Department * Logistics Department


Naval Detachments

South Sea Fleet further divides into the following ship detachments: * 2nd Destroyer Detachment (驱逐舰第二支队) * 9th Destroyer Detachment (驱逐舰第九支队) * 17th Frigate Detachment (护卫舰第十七支队) * 18th Frigate Detachment (护卫舰第十八支队) * 19th Frigate Detachment (护卫舰第十九支队) * 32nd Submarine Detachment (潜艇第三十二支队) * 52nd Submarine Detachment (潜艇第五十二支队) * 6th Landing Ship Detachment (登陆舰第六支队) * 3rd Combat Support Ship Detachment (作战支援舰第三支队) * Danger and Lifesaver Detachment (某防险救生支队)


Major Naval Bases in the Fleet

The fleet headquarters was, at first, at Guangzhou, but was later relocated to Zhanjiang. * Yulin Naval Base, Hainan Island * Guangzhou * Haikou * Shantou * Mawei * Beihai * Stonecutters Island, Hong Kong - People's Liberation Army Hong Kong Garrison Naval air force bases: * Lingshui Li Autonomous County, Lingshui * Haikou * Sanya * Zhanjiang * Guiping


Ships in the fleet

The flagship of the fleet is the ''Type 002 aircraft carrier, Shandong'' (17), a Kuznetsov-class aircraft carrier. Aircraft carrier * 1 Kuznetsov-class aircraft carrier, Kuznetsov-class: ** ''Type 002 aircraft carrier, Shandong'' (17) Amphibious assault ship, Landing helicopter dock * Type 075 landing helicopter dock, Type 075 ** ''Chinese landing helicopter dock Hainan, Hainan'' (31) Destroyers: * 1 Type 055 destroyer ** Chinese destroyer Dalian (105), ''Dalian'' (105) * 7 Type 052D destroyer, Type 052D/Kunming/Luyang III-class: ** ''Chinese destroyer Kunming, Kunming'' (172) ** ''Chinese destroyer Changsha, Changsha'' (173) ** ''Chinese destroyer Hefei, Hefei'' (174) ** ''Chinese destroyer Yinchuan, Yinchuan'' (175) **Chinese destroyer Hohhot, ''Hohhot'' (161) **Chinese destroyer Nanning (2019), Nanning (162) **Guilin (164) * 2 Type 052C destroyer, Type 052C/Lanzhou/Luyang II-class: ** Chinese destroyer Lanzhou (170), ''Lanzhou'' (170) ** ''Haikou'' (171) * 2 Type 052B destroyer, Type 052B/Guangzhou/Luyang-class: ** ''Guangzhou'' (168) ** ''Wuhan'' (169) * 1 Type 051B destroyer, Type 051B/Luhai-class: ** ''Chinese destroyer Shenzhen (167), Shenzhen'' (167) Frigates: * 8 Type 054A frigate, Jiangkai-class II: ** ''Chinese frigate Huangshan (570), Huangshan'' (570) ** ''Chinese frigate Hengyang (568), Hengyang'' (568) ** ''Chinese frigate Yuncheng (571), Yuncheng'' (571) ** ''Chinese frigate Yulin (569), Yulin'' (569) ** ''Chinese frigate Hengshui (572), Hengshui'' (572) ** ''Chinese frigate Liuzhou (573), Liuzhou'' (573) ** ''Chinese frigate Sanya (574), Sanya'' (574) ** ''Chinese frigate Yueyang (575), Yueyang'' (575) * 3 Type 053H3 frigate#Type 053H3 (Jiangwei-II class), Jiangwei II-class: ** ''Yichang'' (564) ** ''Huaihua'' (566) ** ''Xiangyang'' (567) * 6 Type 053 frigate#Type 053H1G (Jianghu-V class), Jianghu V-class: ** ''Beihai'' (558) ** ''Kangding'' (559) ** ''Dongguan'' (560) ** ''Shantou'' (561) ** ''Jiangmen'' (562) ** ''Foshan'' (563) Corvettes: * 12 Type 056 corvette, Jiangdao-class: ** ''Meizhou'' (584) ** ''Baise'' (585) ** ''Jieyang'' (587) ** ''Qingyuan'' (589) ** ''Luzhou'' (592) ** ''Zhuzhou'' (594) ** ''Chaozhou'' (595) ** ''Suqian'' (504) ** ''Jingmen'' (506) ** ''Tongren'' (507) ** ''Qujing'' (508) ** ''Liupanshui'' (514) Diesel-electric#Submarines, Diesel-Electric submarines: * 8 Type 035 submarine, Ming-class Amphibious warfare ship, Landing ships: * 3 Type 071 amphibious transport dock, Yuzhao-class Landing platform dock, LPD: ** ''Chinese landing ship Kunlun Shan, Kunlun Shan'' (998) ** ''Chinese landing ship Jinggang Shan, Jinggang Shan'' (999) ** ''Chinese landing ship Changbai Shan, Changbai Shan'' (989) * 6 Type 072A-class landing ship, Yuting III-class Landing Ship, Tank, LST: ** ''Huading Shan'' (992) ** ''Luoxiao Shan'' (993) ** ''Daiyun Shan'' (994) ** ''Wanyang Shan'' (995) ** ''Laotie Shan'' (996) ** ''Lühua Shan'' (997) * 1 Type 072III-class landing ship, Yuting II-class Landing Ship, Tank, LST: ** ''Emei Shan'' (992) * 3 Type 072II-class landing ship, Yuting-class Landing Ship, Tank, LST: ** ''Dongting Shan'' (931) ** ''Helan Shan'' (932) ** ''Liupan Shan'' (933) * 4 Type 073 landing ship medium, Yudao-Class Landing ship medium, LSMs Replenishment oiler, Replenishment ships: *1 Type 908 replenishment ship, Fusu-class ** ''Qinghaihu'' (885) *3 Type 903 replenishment ship, Fuchi-class ** ''Chinese ship Weishanhu, Weishanhu'' (887) ** ''Chinese ship Honghu, Honghu'' (963) ** ''Chinese ship Luomahu, Luomahu'' (964) *5 Type 904 general stores issue ship, Dayun-class ** ''Jingpohu'' (884) ** ''Dongtinghu'' (883) ** ''Fuxianhu'' (888) ** ''Junshanhu'' (961) ** ''Luguhu'' (962) Auxiliary ships: * 6 Qiongsha-class cargo ship, Qiongsha-class troop transport ships: ** ''NY830'' ** ''NY831'' ** ''NY832'' ** ''NY833'' ** ''NY834'' ** ''NY835'' * 1 hospital ship


See also

* People's Liberation Army Navy ** North Sea Fleet ** East Sea Fleet * Nanyang Fleet (Southern Seas Fleet), Fujian Fleet and Guangdong Fleet were the predecessor fleets of the Qing navy


References


External links

* http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/china/south-sea.htm {{People's Liberation Army South Sea Fleet, Fleets of the People's Liberation Army Navy South China Sea Southern Theater Command Guangzhou Military Region Military units and formations established in 1949 1949 establishments in China