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Charles Robert Redford Jr. (born August 18, 1936) is an American actor, director, and activist. He is the recipient of various accolades, including an
Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are awards for artistic and technical merit in the film industry The film industry or motion picture industry comprises the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking F ...

Academy Award
from two nominations, a
British Academy Film Award The British Academy Film Awards or BAFTA Film Awards are presented in an annual award show hosted by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) to honour the best British and international contributions to film. The ceremonies were ...
, two
Golden Globe Awards The Golden Globe Awards are accolades bestowed by the 87 members of the Hollywood Foreign Press Association beginning in January 1944, recognizing excellence in film A film, also called a movie, motion picture or moving picture, is ...

Golden Globe Awards
, the Cecil B. DeMille Award, and the
Presidential Medal of Freedom The Presidential Medal of Freedom is an award bestowed by the president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America. The president directs th ...

Presidential Medal of Freedom
. In 2014, ''
Time Time is the continued sequence of existence and event (philosophy), events that occurs in an apparently irreversible process, irreversible succession from the past, through the present, into the future. It is a component quantity of various me ...
'' magazine named him one of the 100 most influential people in the world. Appearing on stage in the late 1950s, Redford's television career began in 1960, including an appearance on ''The Twilight Zone'' in 1962. He earned an
Emmy The Emmy Awards, or Emmys, are awards for artistic and technical merit in the television industry. It is considered one of the four major entertainment awards in the United States, the others being the Grammy The Grammy Award (stylized ...
nomination as Best Supporting Actor for his performance in ''The Voice of Charlie Pont'' (1962). His greatest Broadway success was as the stuffy newly-wed husband of co-star
Elizabeth Ashley Elizabeth Ann Cole (born August 30, 1939), known professionally as Elizabeth Ashley, is an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States ...
's character in
Neil Simon Marvin Neil Simon (July 4, 1927 – August 26, 2018) was an American playwright, screenwriter and author. He wrote more than 30 plays and nearly the same number of movie screenplays, mostly film adaptations of his plays. He has received mo ...
's ''
Barefoot in the Park ''Barefoot in the Park'' is a romantic comedy by Neil Simon. The play premiered on Broadway in 1963, starring Robert Redford and Elizabeth Ashley. It was made into a film in 1967, which starred Redford and Jane Fonda Jane Seymour Fonda (b ...
'' (1963). Redford made his film debut in ''
War Hunt ''War Hunt'' is a 1962 war film War film is a film genre concerned with warfare, typically about naval, air, or land Land is the solid surface of the Earth that is not permanently covered by water. The vast majority of human activi ...
'' (1962). He starred with
Natalie Wood Natalie Wood (born Natalia Nikolaevna Zakharenko; July 20, 1938 – November 29, 1981) was an American actress who began her career in film as a child actor and successfully transitioned to young adult roles. She was the recipient of four Gold ...

Natalie Wood
in ''
Inside Daisy Clover ''Inside Daisy Clover'' is a 1965 American Drama (film and television), drama film based on Gavin Lambert's 1963 novel of the same name, directed by Robert Mulligan and starring Natalie Wood. It follows a tomboy becoming a Hollywood actress and si ...
'' (1965) which won him a
Golden Globe The Golden Globe Awards are accolades bestowed by the 87 members of the Hollywood Foreign Press Association The Hollywood Foreign Press Association (HFPA) is a non-profit organization A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non ...

Golden Globe
for the best new star. He starred alongside
Paul Newman Paul Leonard Newman (January 26, 1925 – September 26, 2008) was an American actor, film director, race car driver, and entrepreneur. Newman was the recipient of numerous awards, including an Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularl ...

Paul Newman
in ''
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid ''Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid'' is a 1969 American Western (genre), Western film directed by George Roy Hill and written by William Goldman. Based loosely on fact, the film tells the story of Wild West outlaws Robert LeRoy Parker, known a ...

Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid
'' (1969), which was a huge success and made him a major star. He had a critical and box office hit with '' Jeremiah Johnson'' (1972), and in 1973 he had the greatest hit of his career, the blockbuster crime caper ''
The Sting ''The Sting'' is a 1973 American Heist film, caper film set in September 1936, involving Long con, a complicated plot by two professional Confidence trick, grifters (Paul Newman and Robert Redford) to Confidence trick, con a mob boss (Robert Sha ...
'', a reunion with Paul Newman, for which he was nominated for an Academy Award; that same year, he also starred opposite
Barbra Streisand Barbara Joan "Barbra" Streisand (; born April 24, 1942) is an American singer, actress, and filmmaker. With a career spanning seven decades, she has achieved success in multiple fields of entertainment and is one of the few entertainers who ...

Barbra Streisand
in ''
The Way We Were ''The Way We Were'' is a 1973 American romantic Romantic may refer to: Genres and eras * The Romantic era, an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement of the 18th and 19th centuries ** Romantic music, of that era ** Romantic poetry ...
''. The popular and acclaimed ''
All the President's Men ''All the President's Men'' is a 1974 non-fiction book by Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward, two of the journalists who investigated the June 1972 break-in at the Watergate Office Building and the Watergate scandal, resultant political scandal for '' ...
'' (1976) was a landmark film for Redford. In the 1980s, Redford began his career as a director with ''
Ordinary People ''Ordinary People'' is a 1980 American psychological drama film directed by Robert Redford Charles Robert Redford Jr. (born August 18, 1936) is an American actor, director, and activist. He is the List of awards and nominations received by ...
'' (1980), which was one of the most critically and publicly acclaimed films of the decade, winning four Oscars including Best Picture and the
Academy Award for Best Director The Academy Award for Best Director (officially known as the Academy Award of Merit for Directing) is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS, ofte ...
for Redford. He continued acting and starred in ''
Brubaker ''Brubaker'' is a 1980 American prison A prison (also known as a jail or gaol (dated, British, Australian, and to a lesser extent Canadian Canadians (french: Canadiens) are people identified with the country of Canada. This connecti ...
'' (1980), as well as playing the male lead in ''
Out of Africa ''Out of Africa'' is a memoir A memoir (; , ) is any nonfiction Nonfiction (also spelled non-fiction) is any document A document is a writing, written, drawing, drawn, presented, or memorialized representation of thought, often the manif ...
'' (1985), which was an enormous box office success and won seven
Oscars The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are awards for artistic and technical merit in the film industry The film industry or motion picture industry comprises the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking F ...

Oscars
including Best Picture. He released his third film as a director, '' A River Runs Through It'', in 1992. He went on to receive Best Director and
Best PictureThis is a list of categories of awards commonly awarded through organizations that bestow film awards, including those presented by various film, festivals, and people's awards. Best Actor/Best Actress *See Best Actor#Film awards, Best Actress#Fi ...
nominations in 1995 for ''
Quiz Show A game show is a type of radio, television or stage show where contestants regularly compete for a reward. The history of game shows dates back to the invention of television as a medium. On most game shows, contestants either have to answer que ...
''. He received a second Academy Award—for Lifetime Achievement—in 2002. In 2010, he was made a
chevalier Chevalier may refer to: Honours Belgium * a rank in the Belgian Order of the Crown (Belgium), Order of the Crown * a rank in the Belgian Order of Leopold (Belgium), Order of Leopold * a rank in the Belgian Order of Leopold II France * a rank in ...
of the ''
Légion d'Honneur The National Order of the Legion of Honour (french: Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur), formerly the Royal Order of the Legion of Honour (') is the highest French order of merit An order of merit is an honorific order Order or ORDER or ...
''. Redford is also one of the founders of the
Sundance Film Festival The Sundance Film Festival (formerly Utah/US Film Festival, then US Film and Video Festival) is an annual film festival A film festival is an organized, extended presentation of film A film, also called a movie, motion picture or mov ...

Sundance Film Festival
.


Early life

Redford was born on August 18, 1936, in
Santa Monica, California Santa Monica () is a beachfront city in western Los Angeles County, California, United States. Situated on Santa Monica Bay, it is bordered on five sides by different neighborhoods of the city of Los Angeles: Pacific Palisades, Los Angeles, Pac ...

Santa Monica, California
, to Martha Hart (1914–1955) and Charles Robert Redford (1914–1991), an accountant and
milkman An Indian milkman on his motorbike Milk delivery is a delivery service dedicated to supplying milk Milk is a nutrient-rich liquid food produced by the mammary gland A mammary gland is an exocrine gland in humans and other mammals th ...

milkman
. He has a half brother,Stated on ''
Inside the Actors Studio ''Inside the Actors Studio'' is an American talk show that airs on Ovation (American TV channel), Ovation. The series premiered in 1994 on Bravo (US TV channel), Bravo where it aired for 22 seasons and was hosted by James Lipton from its premiere ...
'', 2005
William, from his father's first marriage. Redford is of English, Scottish, and Irish ancestry. His patrilineal great-great grandfather, Englishman Elisha Redford, married
Irish-Catholic Irish Catholics are an ethnoreligious group An ethnoreligious group (or ethno-religious group) is an ethnic group whose members are also unified by a common Religion, religious background. Furthermore, the term ethno-religious group, along with ...
Mary Ann McCreery in
Manchester Cathedral Manchester () is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester Greater Manchester is a metropolitan county and combined authority, combined authority area in North West England, with a population of 2.8 million; the third largest i ...

Manchester Cathedral
; they emigrated to New York City in 1849, immediately settling in Stonington, Connecticut. They had a son named Charles, the first in line to have been given the name. Redford's maternal lineage, the Harts, were Irish from
Galway Galway ( ; ga, Gaillimh, ) is a in the , in the of . It is the of , which is named after it. It lies on the between and , and is the on the island of Ireland and the , with a population at the 2016 Census of 79,934. Located near an ...

Galway
, the Greens were
Scots-Irish Scotch-Irish or Scots-Irish may refer to: * Ulster Scots people, an ethnic group in Ulster, Ireland, who trace their roots to settlers from Scotland * Scotch-Irish Americans, descendants of Ulster Scots who first migrated to America in large number ...
who settled in the 18th century. Redford's family moved to
Van Nuys Van Nuys is a neighborhood in the central San Fernando Valley The San Fernando Valley, known locally as "the Valley", is an urbanized valley A valley is an elongated low area often running between hills or mountains, which will typ ...
, Los Angeles, while his father worked in El Segundo. Robert attended
Van Nuys High School Van Nuys High School (VNHS) is a public high school in the Van Nuys, Los Angeles, Van Nuys district of Los Angeles, belonging to the Los Angeles Unified School District: District 2. The school is home to a Residential Program and three Magnet schoo ...
, where he was classmates with baseball pitcher
Don Drysdale Donald Scott Drysdale (July 23, 1936 – July 3, 1993) was an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding ...
. He has described himself as having been a "bad" student, finding inspiration outside the classroom, and being interested in art and sports. He hit tennis balls with
Pancho Gonzales Ricardo Alonso "Pancho" González (May 9, 1928 – July 3, 1995), known sometimes as Richard Gonzales, was an American tennis player. He won 15 major singles titles, including 2 Grand Slam (tennis), U.S. National Singles Championships in 1948 ...
at the
Los Angeles Tennis Club The Los Angeles Tennis Club (LATC) is a private tennis Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (Types of tennis match#Singles, singles) or between two teams of two players each (Types of tennis matc ...
to warm him up. After graduating from high school in 1954, he attended the
University of Colorado Boulder The University of Colorado Boulder (CU Boulder, CU, or Colorado) is a public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an organization An organiza ...
in
Boulder, Colorado The City of Boulder is the Home Rule Municipality Devolution is the statutory delegation of powers from the central government of a sovereign state A sovereign state is a political entity that is represented by one centralized gover ...

Boulder, Colorado
for a year and a half, where he was a member of the
Kappa Sigma Kappa Sigma (), commonly known as Kappa Sig, is an American collegiate social fraternity founded at the University of Virginia The University of Virginia (U.Va. or UVA) is a public In public relations and communication science, pu ...

Kappa Sigma
fraternity A fraternity (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman Repub ...
. While there, he worked at a restaurant/bar called The Sink, where a painting of his likeness still figures prominently among the bar's murals. While at Colorado, Redford began drinking heavily and, as a result, lost his half-scholarship and was kicked out of school. He went on to travel in Europe, living in France, Spain, and Italy. He later studied painting at the
Pratt Institute Pratt Institute is a private university with its main campus in Brooklyn, New York (state), New York. It has a satellite campus in Manhattan and an extension campus in Utica, New York at the Munson-Williams-Proctor Arts Institute. The school ori ...

Pratt Institute
in
Brooklyn Brooklyn () is a borough A borough is an administrative division in various English language, English-speaking countries. In principle, the term ''borough'' designates a self-governing walled town, although in practice, official use of the te ...

Brooklyn
and took classes at the
American Academy of Dramatic Arts The American Academy of Dramatic Arts (AADA) is a private performing arts The performing arts are arts such as music, dance, and drama which are performed for an audience. It is different from visual arts The visual arts are art forms su ...
(Class of 1959) in New York City.


Career


Theater

Redford's career, like that of many major stars who emerged in the 1950s, began in New York City, where an actor found work both on stage and in television. His Broadway debut was in a small role in ''Tall Story'' (1959), followed by parts in ''The Highest Tree'' (1959) and ''Sunday in New York'' (1961). His biggest Broadway success was as the stuffy
newlywed Newlyweds are people who have recently entered into a marriage in Stockholm Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a culturally recognised union between people, called spouses, that establishes rights and obligations between the ...

newlywed
husband of
Elizabeth Ashley Elizabeth Ann Cole (born August 30, 1939), known professionally as Elizabeth Ashley, is an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States ...
in the original 1963 cast of
Neil Simon Marvin Neil Simon (July 4, 1927 – August 26, 2018) was an American playwright, screenwriter and author. He wrote more than 30 plays and nearly the same number of movie screenplays, mostly film adaptations of his plays. He has received mo ...
's ''
Barefoot in the Park ''Barefoot in the Park'' is a romantic comedy by Neil Simon. The play premiered on Broadway in 1963, starring Robert Redford and Elizabeth Ashley. It was made into a film in 1967, which starred Redford and Jane Fonda Jane Seymour Fonda (b ...
''.


Television

Starting in 1960, Redford appeared as a guest star on numerous television drama programs, including '' Naked City'', ''
Maverick Maverick, Maveric or Maverik may refer to: History * Maverick (animal), an unbranded range animal, derived from U.S. cattleman Samuel Maverick Aviation * AEA Maverick, an Australian single-seat sportsplane design * General Aviation Design Bureau T ...
'', '' The Untouchables'', ''
The Americans ''The Americans'' is an American historical drama, period spy fiction, spy drama television series created by Joe Weisberg for the FX (TV channel), FX television network. Set during the Cold War, it follows the story of Elizabeth Jennings (The ...
'', ''
Whispering Smith ''Whispering Smith'' is a 1948 Technicolor Technicolor is a series of color motion picture processes, the first version dating to 1916, and followed by improved versions over several decades. It was the second major color process, after Brita ...
'', ''
Perry Mason Perry Mason is a fictional character, an American criminal defense lawyer who is the main character in works of detective fiction written by Erle Stanley Gardner. Perry Mason features in 82 novels and 4 short stories, all of which involve a clie ...
'', ''
Alfred Hitchcock Presents ''Alfred Hitchcock Presents'' is an American television anthology series created, hosted, and produced by Alfred Hitchcock, and aired on CBS and NBC between 1955 and 1965. It features dramas, thrillers, and mysteries. Between 1962 and 1965 it wa ...

Alfred Hitchcock Presents
'', '' Route 66'', ''
Dr. Kildare Dr. James Kildare is a fictional character, fictional American medical doctor, originally created in the 1930s by the author Max Brand, Frederick Schiller Faust under the pen name Max Brand. Shortly after the character's first appearance in a ma ...
'', ''
Playhouse 90 ''Playhouse 90'' was an American television anthology drama series that aired on CBS CBS is an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United St ...
'', ''
Tate Tate is an institution that houses, in a network of four art galleries, the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' ...
'', ''
The Twilight Zone ''The Twilight Zone'' is an American media franchise A media franchise, also known as multimedia franchise, is a collection of related media in which several derivative works have been produced from an original creative work of fiction, such as ...
'' (playing the character 'Death'), '' The Virginian'', and ''
Captain Brassbound's Conversion ''Captain Brassbound's Conversion'' (1900) is a play by G. Bernard Shaw. It was published in Shaw's 1901 collection '' Three Plays for Puritans'' (together with '' Caesar and Cleopatra'' and '' The Devil's Disciple''). The first American production ...
'' with a young
Christopher Plummer Arthur Christopher Orme Plummer (December 13, 1929 – February 5, 2021) was a Canadian actor. His career spanned seven decades, gaining recognition for his performances in film, television, and stage. He made his Broadway debut in 1954 and c ...

Christopher Plummer
, among others. In 1960, Redford was cast as Danny Tilford, a mentally disturbed young man trapped in the wreckage of his family garage, in "Breakdown", one of the last episodes of the
syndicated Syndication may refer to: * Broadcast syndication, where individual stations buy programs outside the network system * Print syndication, where individual newspapers or magazines license news articles, columns, or comic strips * Web syndication, w ...
adventure series, ''
Rescue 8 ''Rescue 8'' is a syndicated Syndication may refer to: * Broadcast syndication, where individual stations buy programs outside the network system * Print syndication, where individual newspapers or magazines license news articles, columns, or co ...

Rescue 8
'', starring Jim Davis and
Lang Jeffries Lang Jeffries (June 7, 1930 – February 12, 1987) was a Canadian-American television and film actor. Biography From 1958 to 1960, Jeffries starred as Skip Johnson in the adventure television series '' Rescue 8''. He starred in several American f ...
. Redford earned an
Emmy The Emmy Awards, or Emmys, are awards for artistic and technical merit in the television industry. It is considered one of the four major entertainment awards in the United States, the others being the Grammy The Grammy Award (stylized ...
nomination as Best Supporting Actor for his performance in ''The Voice of Charlie Pont'' (ABC, 1962). One of his last television appearances until 2019 was on October 7, 1963, on '' Breaking Point,'' an ABC medical drama about psychiatry. In July 2019, it was announced that Redford would play President Robert Redford, a fictionalized, alternate universe version of himself, in the
HBO Home Box Office (HBO) is an American pay television Pay television also known as subscription television, premium television or, when referring to an individual service, a premium channel, refers to subscription-based television Tel ...
drama series ''
Watchmen ''Watchmen'' is an American comic book Limited series (comics), maxiseries by the British creative team of writer Alan Moore, artist Dave Gibbons and colorist John Higgins (comics), John Higgins. It was published monthly by DC Comics in 1986 an ...
''. In the show's timeline, Redford has been President of the United States since 1993 and is still President in 2019 (beyond the two four-year terms allowed in real life). In the original ''
Watchmen ''Watchmen'' is an American comic book Limited series (comics), maxiseries by the British creative team of writer Alan Moore, artist Dave Gibbons and colorist John Higgins (comics), John Higgins. It was published monthly by DC Comics in 1986 an ...

Watchmen
'' comic book that the show is a sequel to, Redford is mentioned as a contender for the 1988 election against
Richard Nixon Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913April 22, 1994) was the 37th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the and of the . The president directs the of the and is the of the . The power o ...

Richard Nixon
(who also continued his presidency beyond the two terms). It was later clarified that Redford himself would not appear in the show and that his name was simply being used as a tribute to the comic, although his likeness is used in the series's first episode, " It's Summer and We're Running Out of Ice".


Film

Redford made his screen debut in '' Tall Story'' (1960) in a minor role. The film's stars were
Anthony Perkins Anthony Perkins (April 4, 1932 – September 12, 1992) was an American actor, director, and singer. He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his second film, ''Friendly Persuasion (1956 film), Friendly Persuasio ...

Anthony Perkins
,
Jane Fonda Jane Seymour Fonda (born December 21, 1937) is an American actress, political activist, environmentalist, and former fashion model. She is the recipient of various accolades including two Academy Awards The Academy Awards, popularly kn ...
(her debut), and
Ray Walston Herman Raymond Walston (November 2, 1914 – January 1, 2001) was an American actor and comedian, well known as the title character on '' My Favorite Martian''. His major film, television, and stage roles included Luther Billis ('' South Pacific'' ...
. After his Broadway success, he was cast in larger feature roles in movies. In 1962 Redford got his second film role in ''
War Hunt ''War Hunt'' is a 1962 war film War film is a film genre concerned with warfare, typically about naval, air, or land Land is the solid surface of the Earth that is not permanently covered by water. The vast majority of human activi ...
,'' and was soon after casting alongside screen legend
Alec Guinness Sir Alec Guinness, (born Alec Guinness de Cuffe; 2 April 1914 – 5 August 2000) was an English actor. After an early career on the stage, Guinness was featured in several of the Ealing Comedies, including ''Kind Hearts and Coronets ...
in the war comedy '' Situation Hopeless ... But Not Serious'', in which he played a soldier who spends years of his life hiding behind enemy lines. In ''
Inside Daisy Clover ''Inside Daisy Clover'' is a 1965 American Drama (film and television), drama film based on Gavin Lambert's 1963 novel of the same name, directed by Robert Mulligan and starring Natalie Wood. It follows a tomboy becoming a Hollywood actress and si ...
'' (1965), which won him a
Golden Globe The Golden Globe Awards are accolades bestowed by the 87 members of the Hollywood Foreign Press Association The Hollywood Foreign Press Association (HFPA) is a non-profit organization A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non ...

Golden Globe
for best new star, he played a
bisexual Bisexuality is romantic Romantic may refer to: Genres and eras * The Romantic era, an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement of the 18th and 19th centuries ** Romantic music, of that era ** Romantic poetry, of that era ** R ...
movie star who marries starlet
Natalie Wood Natalie Wood (born Natalia Nikolaevna Zakharenko; July 20, 1938 – November 29, 1981) was an American actress who began her career in film as a child actor and successfully transitioned to young adult roles. She was the recipient of four Gold ...

Natalie Wood
, and rejoined her along with
Charles Bronson Charles Bronson (born Charles Dennis Buchinsky; November 3, 1921 – August 30, 2003) was an American actor who was often cast in roles of police officers, gunfighters, or vigilantes in revenge-oriented plot lines. He had long-term collaborati ...
for Sydney Pollack's ''
This Property Is Condemned ''This Property Is Condemned'' is a 1966 American drama film In film and television show, television, drama is a category of narrative fiction (or docudrama, semi-fiction) intended to be more serious than humour, humorous in tone. Drama of th ...
'' (1966)—again, as her lover, though this time in a film which achieved even greater success. The same year saw his first teaming (on equal footing) with
Jane Fonda Jane Seymour Fonda (born December 21, 1937) is an American actress, political activist, environmentalist, and former fashion model. She is the recipient of various accolades including two Academy Awards The Academy Awards, popularly kn ...
, in
Arthur Penn Arthur Hiller Penn (September 27, 1922 – September 28, 2010) was an American director and producer of film, television and theater. Closely associated with the American New Wave, Penn directed critically acclaimed films throughout the 1 ...
's '' The Chase''. This film marked the only time Redford would star with
Marlon Brando Marlon Brando Jr. (April 3, 1924 – July 1, 2004) was an American actor with a career spanning 60 years, during which he won List of awards and nominations received by Marlon Brando, many accolades, including two Academy Award for Best Actor, A ...
. Fonda and Redford were paired again in the popular big-screen version of ''
Barefoot in the Park ''Barefoot in the Park'' is a romantic comedy by Neil Simon. The play premiered on Broadway in 1963, starring Robert Redford and Elizabeth Ashley. It was made into a film in 1967, which starred Redford and Jane Fonda Jane Seymour Fonda (b ...
'' (1967) and were again co-stars much later in Pollack's '' The Electric Horseman'' (1979), followed 38 years later with a Netflix feature, '' Our Souls at Night''. After this initial success, Redford became concerned about his blond male stereotype image and turned down roles in ''
Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? ''Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?'' is a play by Edward Albee first staged in October 1962. It examines the complexities of the marriage of a middle-aged couple, Martha and George. Late one evening, after a university faculty party, they receive ...
'' and ''
The Graduate ''The Graduate'' is a 1967 American romantic Romantic may refer to: Genres and eras * The Romantic era, an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement of the 18th and 19th centuries ** Romantic music, of that era ** Romantic poetry, ...
''. Redford found the niche he was looking for in
George Roy Hill George Roy Hill (December 20, 1921 – December 27, 2002) was an American film director A film director controls a film A film, also called a movie, motion picture or moving picture, is a work of visual art The visual arts are ...

George Roy Hill
's ''
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid ''Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid'' is a 1969 American Western (genre), Western film directed by George Roy Hill and written by William Goldman. Based loosely on fact, the film tells the story of Wild West outlaws Robert LeRoy Parker, known a ...

Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid
'' (1969), scripted by
William Goldman William Goldman (August 12, 1931 – November 16, 2018) was an American novelist, playwright, and screenwriter. He first came to prominence in the 1950s as a novelist before turning to screenwriting. He won Academy Awards for his screenplays '' ...

William Goldman
, in which he was paired for the first time with
Paul Newman Paul Leonard Newman (January 26, 1925 – September 26, 2008) was an American actor, film director, race car driver, and entrepreneur. Newman was the recipient of numerous awards, including an Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularl ...

Paul Newman
. The film was a huge success and made him a major bankable star, cementing his screen image as an intelligent, reliable, sometimes sardonic good guy. While Redford did not receive an Academy Award or Golden Globe nomination for playing the Sundance Kid, he did win a British Academy of Film and Television Award (BAFTA) for that role and his parts in ''
Downhill Racer ''Downhill Racer'' is a 1969 American sports Sport pertains to any form of competitive physical activity or game with separate sliding drawer, from 1390–1353 BC, made of glazed faience, dimensions: 5.5 × 7.7 × 21&nb ...
''; (1969) and ''
Tell Them Willie Boy Is Here ''Tell Them Willie Boy Is Here'' is a 1969 American Technicolor Technicolor is a series of color motion picture processes, the first version dating to 1916, and followed by improved versions over several decades. It was the second major color ...
'' (1969). The latter two films and the subsequent '' Little Fauss and Big Halsy'' (1970), and ''The Hot Rock (film), The Hot Rock'' (1972) were not commercially successful. The political satire ''The Candidate (1972 film), The Candidate'' (1972) was a moderate box office and critical success. Starting in 1973, Redford experienced an almost-unparalleled four-year run of box office success. The western ''Jeremiah Johnson (film), Jeremiah Johnson's'' (1972) box office earnings from early 1973 until its second re-release in 1975 would have placed it as the No. 2 highest-grossing film of 1973.Michael Gebert, ''The Encyclopedia of Movie Awards'', St. Martin's Paperbacks, New York, 1996, pg. 305. The romantic period drama with
Barbra Streisand Barbara Joan "Barbra" Streisand (; born April 24, 1942) is an American singer, actress, and filmmaker. With a career spanning seven decades, she has achieved success in multiple fields of entertainment and is one of the few entertainers who ...

Barbra Streisand
, ''
The Way We Were ''The Way We Were'' is a 1973 American romantic Romantic may refer to: Genres and eras * The Romantic era, an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement of the 18th and 19th centuries ** Romantic music, of that era ** Romantic poetry ...
'' (1973), was the 11th highest-grossing film of 1973. The crime caper reunion with Paul Newman, ''
The Sting ''The Sting'' is a 1973 American Heist film, caper film set in September 1936, involving Long con, a complicated plot by two professional Confidence trick, grifters (Paul Newman and Robert Redford) to Confidence trick, con a mob boss (Robert Sha ...
'' (1973), became the top-grossing film of 1974Michael Gebert, ''The Encyclopedia of Movie Awards'', St. Martin's Paperbacks, New York, 1996, pg. 315. and one of the top 20 highest-grossing movies of all time when adjusted for inflation, plus landed Redford the lone nomination of his career for the Academy Award for Best Actor. The romantic drama ''The Great Gatsby (1974 film), The Great Gatsby'' (1974) was the No. 8 highest-grossing film of 1974. As well, 1969's ''Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid'' placed as the No. 10 highest-grossing film for 1974 as it was re-released due to the popularity of ''The Sting.'' In 1974 Redford became the first performer since Bing Crosby in 1946 to have three films in a year's top ten grossing titles. Each year between 1974 and 1976, movie exhibitors voted Redford Hollywood's top box-office star. In 1975, Redford's hit movies included 1920s aviation drama, ''The Great Waldo Pepper'' (1975), and the spy thriller ''Three Days of the Condor'' (1975), alongside Faye Dunaway, which finished at Nos. 16 and 17 in box office grosses for 1975, respectively.Michael Gebert, ''The Encyclopedia of Movie Awards'', St. Martin's Paperbacks, New York, 1996, pg. 321. In 1976 he co-starred with Dustin Hoffman in the No. 2 highest-grossing film for the year, the critically acclaimed ''
All the President's Men ''All the President's Men'' is a 1974 non-fiction book by Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward, two of the journalists who investigated the June 1972 break-in at the Watergate Office Building and the Watergate scandal, resultant political scandal for '' ...
''.Michael Gebert, ''The Encyclopedia of Movie Awards'', St. Martin's Paperbacks, New York, 1996, pg. 328. In 1975, 1977 and 1978, Redford won the Golden Globe for Favourite World Film Star, a popularity-based award that is no longer awarded. ''
All the President's Men ''All the President's Men'' is a 1974 non-fiction book by Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward, two of the journalists who investigated the June 1972 break-in at the Watergate Office Building and the Watergate scandal, resultant political scandal for '' ...
'' (1976), in which Redford and Hoffman play Washington Post reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, was a landmark film for Redford. Not only was he the executive producer and co-star, but the film's serious subject matter—the Watergate scandal—and its attempt to create a realistic portrayal of journalism also reflected the actor's offscreen concerns for political causes. The film landed eight Academy Award nominations, including for Best Picture and Best Director (Alan J. Pakula), while winning for the Best Screenplay (Goldman). It actually won the New York Film Critics Award for Best Picture and Best Director. In 1977 Redford appeared in a segment of the war film ''A Bridge Too Far (film), A Bridge Too Far'' (1977). Then he took a two-year hiatus from movies, before starring as past-his-prime rodeo star in the adventure-romance '' The Electric Horseman'' (1979). This film reunited him with
Jane Fonda Jane Seymour Fonda (born December 21, 1937) is an American actress, political activist, environmentalist, and former fashion model. She is the recipient of various accolades including two Academy Awards The Academy Awards, popularly kn ...
, finishing at No. 9 in the box office for 1980.Michael Gebert, ''The Encyclopedia of Movie Awards'', St. Martin's Paperbacks, New York, 1996, pg. 355. Later that year he appeared in the prison drama ''
Brubaker ''Brubaker'' is a 1980 American prison A prison (also known as a jail or gaol (dated, British, Australian, and to a lesser extent Canadian Canadians (french: Canadiens) are people identified with the country of Canada. This connecti ...
'' (1980), playing a prison warden attempting to reform the system. As well, his directorial debut, ''
Ordinary People ''Ordinary People'' is a 1980 American psychological drama film directed by Robert Redford Charles Robert Redford Jr. (born August 18, 1936) is an American actor, director, and activist. He is the List of awards and nominations received by ...
'', which followed the disintegration of an upper-class American family after the death of a son, was one of the most critically and publicly acclaimed films of the decade, winning four Oscars, including Best Director for Redford himself, and Best Picture. Soon after that, he starred in the baseball drama ''The Natural (film), The Natural'' (1984). Sydney Pollack's ''
Out of Africa ''Out of Africa'' is a memoir A memoir (; , ) is any nonfiction Nonfiction (also spelled non-fiction) is any document A document is a writing, written, drawing, drawn, presented, or memorialized representation of thought, often the manif ...
'' (1985), with Redford in the male lead role opposite Meryl Streep, became a large box office success (combined 1985 and 1986 grosses placed it at No. 5 for 1986),Michael Gebert, ''The Encyclopedia of Movie Awards'', St. Martin's Paperbacks, New York, 1996, pg. 401. won a Golden Globe for Best Picture, and won seven
Oscars The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are awards for artistic and technical merit in the film industry The film industry or motion picture industry comprises the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking F ...

Oscars
, including Best Picture. Streep was nominated for Best Actress but Redford did not receive a nomination. The movie proved to be Redford's biggest success of the decade and Redford and Pollack's most successful of their seven movies together. Redford's next film, ''Legal Eagles'' (1986) alongside Debra Winger, was only a minor success at the box office. After that, his second directorial project, ''The Milagro Beanfield War'' (1987), failed to generate the same level of attention as ''Ordinary People''. Redford continued as a major star throughout the 1990s and 2000s. He released his third film as a director, '' A River Runs Through It'', in 1992, which was a return to mainstream success for Redford as a director and brought a young Brad Pitt to greater prominence. In 1993, Redford played what became one of his most popular and recognized roles, starring in ''Indecent Proposal'' as a millionaire businessman who tests a couple's morals; the film became one of the year's biggest hits. He co-starred with Michelle Pfeiffer in the newsroom romance ''Up Close and Personal (film), Up Close & Personal'' (1996), and with Kristin Scott Thomas and a young Scarlett Johansson in ''The Horse Whisperer (film), The Horse Whisperer'' (1998), which he also directed. Redford also continued work in films with political contexts, such as ''Havana (film), Havana'' (1990), playing Jack Weil, a professional gambler in 1959 Cuba during the Revolution, as well as ''Sneakers (1992 film), Sneakers'' (1992), in which he co-starred with River Phoenix and Sidney Poitier, his first teaming with the star who had experienced film success several years before Redford. He appeared as a disgraced Army general sent to prison in the prison drama ''The Last Castle'' (2001), directed by Rod Lurie. In the same year, Redford reteamed with Brad Pitt for ''Spy Game'', another success for the pair but with Redford switching this time from director to actor. During that time, he planned to direct and star in a sequel of ''The Candidate'' but the project never happened. Redford, a leading environmental activist, narrated the IMAX documentary ''Sacred Planet'' (2004), a sweeping journey across the globe to some of its most exotic and endangered places. In ''The Clearing (film), The Clearing'' (2004), a thriller co-starring Helen Mirren, Redford was a successful businessman whose kidnapping unearths the secrets and inadequacies that led to his achieving the American Dream. Redford stepped back into producing with ''The Motorcycle Diaries (film), The Motorcycle Diaries'' (2004), a coming-of-age road film about a young medical student, Ernesto "Che" Guevara, and his friend Alberto Granado. It also explored the political and social issues of South America that influenced Guevara and shaped his future. With five years spent on the film's making, Redford was credited by director Walter Salles for being instrumental in getting it made and released. file:Robert Redford 2005.jpg, upleft, Redford in 2005 Back in front of the camera, Redford received good notices for his role in director Lasse Hallström's ''An Unfinished Life'' (2005) as a cantankerous rancher who is forced to take in his estranged daughter-in-law (Jennifer Lopez)—whom he blames for his son's death—and the granddaughter he never knew he had when they fled an abusive relationship. The film, which sat on the shelf for many months while its distributor Miramax was restructured, was generally dismissed as clichéd and overly sentimental. Meanwhile, Redford returned to familiar territory when he reteamed with Meryl Streep 22 years after they starred in ''Out of Africa'', for his personal project ''Lions for Lambs'' (2007), which also starred Tom Cruise. After a great deal of hype, the film opened to mixed reviews and disappointing box office. Redford appeared in the 2011 documentary ''Buck (film), Buck'' by Cindy Meehl, where he discussed his experiences with title subject Buck Brannaman during the production of ''The Horse Whisperer (film), The Horse Whisperer''. In 2012, Redford directed ''The Company You Keep (film), The Company You Keep'', in which he starred as a former Weather Underground activist who goes on the run after a journalist discovers his identity. In 2013, he starred in ''All Is Lost'', directed by J.C. Chandor, about a man lost at sea. He received acclaim for his performance in the film, in which he is its only cast member and there is almost no dialogue. Redford was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama, Golden Globe, his first Best Actor nomination for a Golden Globe, and won the New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor, his first time winning an acting honour from that group (he had been nominated in 1969 for ''Downhill Racer''). In April 2014, Redford played the main antagonist of the Marvel Studios superhero film ''Captain America: The Winter Soldier,'' Alexander Pierce, the head of S.H.I.E.L.D. and leader of the Hydra (Marvel Comics), Hydra cell operating the Triskelion. Redford was a co-producer and, with Emma Thompson and Nick Nolte, costar of the 2015 Broad Green Pictures film A Walk in the Woods (film), ''A Walk in the Woods'', based on Bill Bryson's book of the same name. Redford had optioned the film rights for the book from Bryson after reading it more than a decade earlier, with the intent of costarring in it with
Paul Newman Paul Leonard Newman (January 26, 1925 – September 26, 2008) was an American actor, film director, race car driver, and entrepreneur. Newman was the recipient of numerous awards, including an Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularl ...

Paul Newman
, but had shelved the project after Newman's death. The same year, he played news anchor Dan Rather in James Vanderbilt's ''Truth (2015 film), Truth'' alongside Cate Blanchett. In 2016, he took the supporting role of Mr. Meacham in the Disney remake Pete's Dragon (2016 film), '' Pete's Dragon''. Redford starred in The Discovery (film), ''The Discovery'' and Our Souls at Night (film), ''Our Souls at Night'', both released on Netflix streaming in 2017. The latter film, which was also produced by Redford, reunited him with co-star
Jane Fonda Jane Seymour Fonda (born December 21, 1937) is an American actress, political activist, environmentalist, and former fashion model. She is the recipient of various accolades including two Academy Awards The Academy Awards, popularly kn ...
for the fourth time and garnered positive reviews. Redford played bank robber Forrest Tucker (criminal), Forrest Tucker in the drama film ''The Old Man & the Gun'', which was released in September 2018, and for which he received a Golden Globe nomination. In August 2018, Redford announced his retirement from acting after completion of the film, though the following month, Redford stated that he "regretted" announcing his retirement because "you never know". He briefly reprised his role as Alexander Pierce for a cameo appearance in ''Avengers: Endgame'', filmed in 2017 prior to the completion of the former film.


Author

In 1976, Robert Redford published ''The Outlaw Trail: A Journey Through Time''. Redford states, "The Outlaw Trail. It was a name that fascinated me - a geographical anchor in Western folklore. Whether real or imagined, it was a name that, for me, held a kind of magic, a freedom, a mystery. I wanted to see it in much the same way as the outlaws did, by horse and by foot, and document the adventure with text and photographs."


Filmography


Director

Redford had long harbored ambitions to work on both sides of the camera. As early as 1969, Redford had served as the executive producer for ''
Downhill Racer ''Downhill Racer'' is a 1969 American sports Sport pertains to any form of competitive physical activity or game with separate sliding drawer, from 1390–1353 BC, made of glazed faience, dimensions: 5.5 × 7.7 × 21&nb ...
''. His first film as director was 1980's Best Picture winner ''
Ordinary People ''Ordinary People'' is a 1980 American psychological drama film directed by Robert Redford Charles Robert Redford Jr. (born August 18, 1936) is an American actor, director, and activist. He is the List of awards and nominations received by ...
'', a drama about the slow disintegration of an upper-middle class family, for which he won the Academy Award for Academy Award for Best Director, Best Director. Redford was credited with obtaining a powerful dramatic performance from Mary Tyler Moore, as well as superb work from Donald Sutherland and Timothy Hutton, who also won the Oscar for Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, Best Supporting Actor. Redford did not direct again until ''The Milagro Beanfield War'' (1988), a well-crafted, though not commercially successful, screen version of John Nichols (American writer), John Nichols's acclaimed novel of the Southwest. ''The Milagro Beanfield War'' is the story of the people of Milagro, New Mexico (based on the real town of Truchas, New Mexico, Truchas in northern New Mexico), overcoming big developers who set about to ruin their community and force them out because of tax increases. Other directorial projects have included the period drama '' A River Runs Through It'' (1992), based on Norman Maclean's novella, and the exposé ''
Quiz Show A game show is a type of radio, television or stage show where contestants regularly compete for a reward. The history of game shows dates back to the invention of television as a medium. On most game shows, contestants either have to answer que ...
'' (1994), about the quiz show scandal of the late 1950s. In the latter film, Redford worked from a screenplay by Paul Attanasio with noted cinematographer Michael Ballhaus and a strong cast that featured Paul Scofield, John Turturro, Rob Morrow, and Ralph Fiennes. Redford handpicked Morrow for his part in the film (Morrow's only high-profile feature film role to date), because he liked his work on ''Northern Exposure''. Redford also directed Matt Damon and Will Smith in ''The Legend of Bagger Vance'' (2000). In 2010, Redford released ''The Conspirator'', a period drama revolving around the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. Despite a subject matter of personal interest to Redford, the film received mixed reviews and proved to be a flop at the box office. In 2012, he directed the political thriller The Company You Keep (film), '' The Company You Keep'' starring himself, Shia LaBeouf and Julie Christie.


Awards

Redford attended the the University of Colorado at Boulder, University of Colorado in the 1950s and received an honorary degree in 1988. In 1989, the National Audubon Society awarded Redford its highest honor, the Audubon Medal. In 1995, he received an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Bard College. He was a 2002 Lifetime Achievement Award/Honorary Oscar recipient at the 74th Academy Awards. In 1996, he was awarded the National Medal of Arts. In December 2005, he received the Kennedy Center Honors for his contributions to American culture. The honors recipients are recognized for their lifetime contributions to American culture through the performing arts: whether in dance, music, theater, opera, motion pictures or television. In 2008, he was awarded The Dorothy and Lillian Gish Prize, one of the richest prizes in the arts, given annually to "a man or woman who has made an outstanding contribution to the beauty of the world and to mankind's enjoyment and understanding of life." The University of Southern California (USC) School of Dramatic Arts announced the first annual ''Robert Redford Award for Engaged Artists'' in 2009. According to the school's web site, the award was created "to honor those who have distinguished themselves not only in the exemplary quality, skill and innovation of their work, but also in their public commitment to social responsibility, to increasing awareness of global issues and events, and to inspiring and empowering young people." Redford received an honorary Doctor of Fine Arts from Brown University at the 240th Commencement exercises on May 25, 2008. He also spoke during the ceremonies. On October 14, 2010, he was appointed ''chevalier'' of the Légion d'honneur. He was a 2010 recipient of the New Mexico Governor's Award for Excellence in the Arts. On May 24, 2015, Redford delivered the commencement address and received an honorary degree from Colby College in Waterville, Maine. On November 22, 2016, President Barack Obama honored Redford with a
Presidential Medal of Freedom The Presidential Medal of Freedom is an award bestowed by the president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America. The president directs th ...

Presidential Medal of Freedom
. In 2017, Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement at the 74th Venice Film Festival. On February 22, 2019, he received the Honorary César at the 44th César Awards in Paris.


Sundance Institute

With the financial proceeds of his acting success, starting with his salaries from ''
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid ''Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid'' is a 1969 American Western (genre), Western film directed by George Roy Hill and written by William Goldman. Based loosely on fact, the film tells the story of Wild West outlaws Robert LeRoy Parker, known a ...

Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid
'' and ''
Downhill Racer ''Downhill Racer'' is a 1969 American sports Sport pertains to any form of competitive physical activity or game with separate sliding drawer, from 1390–1353 BC, made of glazed faience, dimensions: 5.5 × 7.7 × 21&nb ...
'', Redford bought a ski area on the east side of Mount Timpanogos northeast of Provo, Utah, Provo, Utah, called "Timp Haven". He renamed it "Sundance Resort, Sundance" after his ''Sundance Kid'' character. Redford's wife Lola was from Utah and they had built a home in the area in 1963. Portions of the movie '' Jeremiah Johnson'' (1972), a film which is both one of Redford's favorites and one that has heavily influenced him, was shot near the ski area. Redford later founded the
Sundance Film Festival The Sundance Film Festival (formerly Utah/US Film Festival, then US Film and Video Festival) is an annual film festival A film festival is an organized, extended presentation of film A film, also called a movie, motion picture or mov ...

Sundance Film Festival
, which became the country's largest festival for independent films. In 2008, Sundance exhibited 125 feature-length films from 34 countries, with more than 50,000 attendees attending venues at the Sundance resort, Salt Lake City, and Park City, Utah. Robert Redford also founded the Sundance Institute; Sundance Cinemas; Sundance Catalog; and the Sundance Channel (United States), Sundance Channel; all in and around Park City, 30 miles (48 km) north of the Sundance ski area. Redford also owned a Park City restaurant, Zoom, that closed in May 2017.


Wildwood Enterprises, Inc.

Robert Redford is the co-owner of Wildwood Enterprises, Inc., with Bill Holderman, producer, with the following film credits: ''Lions for Lambs''; ''Quiz Show''; ''A River Runs Through It''; ''Ordinary People''; ''The Horse Whisperer''; ''The Legend of Bagger Vance''; ''Slums of Beverly Hills''; ''The Motorcycle Diaries''; and ''The Conspirator''.


Sundance Productions

Redford is the president and co-Founder of Sundance Productions, with Laura Michalchyshyn. Most recently, Sundance Productions produced ''Chicagoland (TV series), Chicagoland (CNN)'', ''Cathedrals of Culture'' (Berlin International Film Festival, Berlin Film Festival), ''The March (2013 film), The March (PBS)'' and Emmy nominee ''All The President's Men Revisited'' (Discovery Channel, Discovery), Isabella Rossellini's ''Green Porno Live!'', and ''To Russia With Love'' on Epix.


Independent films

Since founding the nonprofit Sundance Institute in Park City, Utah, in 1981, Redford has been deeply involved with independent film. Through its various workshop programs and popular film festival, Sundance has provided much-needed support for independent filmmakers. In 1995, Redford signed a deal with Showtime to start a 24-hour cable television channel devoted to airing independent films. The Sundance Channel (United States), Sundance Channel premiered on February 29, 1996.


Personal life

On August 9, 1958, in Las Vegas, Nevada, Redford married Lola Van Wagenen, who dropped out of college to marry him. A Mormon ceremony took place on September 12 at Lola's grandmother's home. They had four children: Scott Anthony Redford (September 1, 1959 – November 17, 1959), Shauna Jean Redford (born November 15, 1960), James Redford (filmmaker), David James Redford (May 5, 1962 – October 16, 2020), and Amy Redford, Amy Hart Redford (born October 22, 1970). Lola and Redford divorced in 1985. Scott Redford died of sudden infant death syndrome at the age of 2½ months and is buried at Provo City Cemetery in Provo, Utah. Shauna Redford is a painter and married to journalist Eric Schlosser. James Redford was a writer and producer, while Amy Redford is an actress, director, and producer. Redford has seven grandchildren. In July 2009, Redford married his longtime partner, Sibylle Szaggars, at the Louis C. Jacob Hotel in Hamburg, Germany. She had moved in with Redford in the 1990s and shared his home in Sundance, Utah. In May 2011, Alfred A. Knopf published ''Robert Redford: The Biography'' by Michael Feeney Callan, written over fifteen years with Redford's input and drawn from his personal papers and diaries.


Political activity

Redford supports environmentalism, Native American rights, LGBT rights, and the arts. He has also supported advocacy groups, such as the Political Action Committee of the Directors Guild of America. Redford has supported Republican Party (United States), Republicans, including Brent Cornell Morris in his unsuccessful campaign for the Republican nomination for Utah's 3rd congressional district in 1990. Redford also supported Gary Herbert, another Republican and a friend, in Herbert's successful 2004 campaign to be elected Lieutenant Governor of Utah, Utah's Lieutenant Governor. Herbert later became Governor of Utah. As an avid environmentalist, Redford is a trustee of the Natural Resources Defense Council. He endorsed Democratic President Barack Obama for re-election in 2012. Redford is the first quote on the back cover of Donald Trump's book ''Crippled America'' (2015), saying of Trump's candidacy, "I'm glad he's in there, being the way he is, and saying what he says and the ways he says it, I think shakes things up and I think that is very needed." A representative later clarified that Redford's statement, taken from a longer conversation with Larry King, was not intended to endorse Trump for president. In 2019, Redford penned an op-ed in which he referred to Trump's administration as a "monarchy in disguise" and stated "[i]t's time for Trump to go." Redford later co-authored another op-ed in which he criticized Trump's handling of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States, coronavirus pandemic while also citing the collective public response to the pandemic as a model for how to respond to climate change. He has criticized the decision to withdraw from the Paris Agreement. In July 2020, Redford penned an op-ed in which he stated President Trump lacks a "moral compass." In the same piece, he announced that he would be voting for Joe Biden in the 2020 United States presidential election, 2020 presidential election. Redford is opposed to the TransCanada Corporation's Keystone Pipeline. In 2013, he was identified by its CEO, Russ Girling, for leading the anti-pipeline protest movement. In April 2014, Redford, a Pitzer College Trustee, and Pitzer College President Laura Skandera Trombley announced that the college will divest fossil fuel stocks from its endowment; at the time, it was the higher education institution with the largest endowment in the US to make this commitment. The press conference was held at the LA Press Club. In November 2012, Pitzer launched the Robert Redford Conservancy for Southern California Sustainability at Pitzer College. The Redford Conservancy educates the next generation of students to create solutions for the most challenging and urgent sustainability problems.


References


Further reading

*


External links

*
Robert Redford
on Internet Broadway Database, IBDB (Internet Broadway theatre, Broadway Database)
Sundance Founder Robert Redford on His Life, His Activism and the Importance of Independent Films
– ''Democracy Now'', January 2010
Robert Redford appearances on C-SPAN

Portrait of Robert Redford advocating against the demolition of Santa Monica Pier while filming "The Sting", Los Angeles, California, 1973.
Los Angeles Times Photographic Archive (Collection 1429). UCLA Library Special Collections, Charles E. Young Research Library, University of California, Los Angeles. {{DEFAULTSORT:Redford, Robert 1936 births 20th-century American male actors 20th Century Fox contract players 21st-century American male actors Academy Honorary Award recipients Activists from California American Academy of Dramatic Arts alumni American environmentalists American film producers American male film actors American male television actors American people of English descent American people of Irish descent American people of Scottish descent American philanthropists Best Actor BAFTA Award winners Best Directing Academy Award winners Best Director Golden Globe winners California Democrats Cecil B. DeMille Award Golden Globe winners César Honorary Award recipients Chevaliers of the Légion d'honneur David di Donatello winners Directors Guild of America Award winners Film directors from Los Angeles Film festival founders Kennedy Center honorees LGBT rights activists from the United States Living people Male actors from California Male actors from Santa Monica, California Male Western (genre) film actors New Star of the Year (Actor) Golden Globe winners Pratt Institute alumni Presidential Medal of Freedom recipients United States National Medal of Arts recipients University of Colorado Boulder alumni Van Nuys High School alumni Warner Bros. contract players