HOME

TheInfoList




The River Dane is a tributary of the
River Weaver The River Weaver is a river, navigable in its lower reaches, running in a curving route anti-clockwise across west Cheshire, northern England. Improvements to the river to make it navigable were authorised in 1720 and the work, which included ...
that originates in the
Peak District The Peak District is an upland area in England at the southern end of the Pennines The Pennines (), also known as the Pennine Chain or Pennine Hills, are a more-or-less continuous range of hills and mountains running between three regions ...
area of England. The name of the river (earlier ''Daven'') is probably from the
Old Welsh Old Welsh ( cy, Hen Gymraeg) is the stage of the Welsh language Welsh ( or ) is a Brittonic language of the Celtic language family The Celtic languages ( , ) are a group of related languages descended from Proto-Celtic. They for ...
''dafn'', meaning a "drop or trickle", implying a slow-moving river.


Course

It forms the border between first
Cheshire Cheshire ( ;), archaically the County Palatine of Chester, is a historic and ceremonial county in northwest England North West England is one of nine official regions of England The regions, formerly known as the government office re ...

Cheshire
and
Derbyshire Derbyshire (; or ) is a county in the East Midlands of England. It includes much of the Peak District, Peak District National Park, the southern end of the Pennines, Pennine range of hills, and part of the The National Forest (England), Nation ...

Derbyshire
on the west and east, and then between Cheshire and
Staffordshire Staffordshire (; postal abbreviation Staffs.) is a landlocked Counties of England, county in the West Midlands (region), West Midlands of England. It borders Cheshire to the northwest, Derbyshire and Leicestershire to the east, Warwickshire to ...

Staffordshire
where it then flows north-west through Cheshire before meeting the Weaver in
Northwich Northwich is a town and civil parishes in England, civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. It lies in the heart of the Cheshire Plain, at the confluence of the rivers ...
. The river rises close to the source of the
River Goyt The River Goyt is a tributary of the River Mersey in North West England. Etymology The name ''Goyt'' may be derived from the Middle English ''gote'', meaning "a watercourse, a stream". Derivation from the Welsh language, Welsh ''gwyth'' meanin ...

River Goyt
just to the south west of
Buxton Buxton, a spa town A spa town is a based on a (a developed ). Patrons visit spas to "take the waters" for their purported health benefits. The word ''spa'' is derived from the name of , a town in . set up a medical practice in the ...
, at Dane Head on
Axe Edge Moor Axe Edge Moor is the major moorland southwest of Buxton Buxton, a spa town in Derbyshire, is the highest market town in England, some above sea level.
. Flowing southwest, it forms county borders for around before flowing west through
Congleton Congleton is a town and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire East in Cheshire, England. The town is by the River Dane, south of Manchester and north of Stoke on Trent. At the United Kingdom Census 2011, 2011 Census, it had a popu ...

Congleton
and past
Holmes Chapel Holmes Chapel is a large village and civil parish In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration Public adminis ...

Holmes Chapel
. The point on the river where the three counties meet, at Panniers' Pool Bridge, is called
Three Shire Heads Three Shire Heads (also known as Three Shires Head) is the point on Axe Edge Moor where Cheshire, Derbyshire and Staffordshire meet, at UK grid reference , or . It is on the River Dane, which marks the Cheshire border in this area. On the east ...
(sometimes Three Shires Head). Passing just north of
Middlewich Middlewich is a town in the unitary authority of Cheshire East Cheshire East is a unitary authority A unitary authority is a local authority Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration Public admi ...
, it merges first with the
River Croco The River Croco is a small river in Cheshire in England. It starts as lowland field drainage west of Congleton, flows along the south edge of Holmes Chapel, and joins the River Dane at Middlewich. It is about long. According to an historical acco ...
near the site of the old Roman fort in Harbutt's Field, and then with the
River Wheelock The River Wheelock is a small river in Cheshire Cheshire ( ; (Welsh language, Welsh: ''Sir Gaer'') formerly the County Palatine of Chester) is a Ceremonial counties of England, county in the North West of England, bordering Merseyside and Greate ...
near the aqueduct carrying the
Trent and Mersey Canal The Trent and Mersey Canal is a canal Canals are waterways channels Channel, channels, channeling, etc., may refer to: Geography * Channel (geography), in physical geography, a landform consisting of the outline (banks) of the p ...
, and runs the remaining north to
Northwich Northwich is a town and civil parishes in England, civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. It lies in the heart of the Cheshire Plain, at the confluence of the rivers ...
where it flows into the
River Weaver The River Weaver is a river, navigable in its lower reaches, running in a curving route anti-clockwise across west Cheshire, northern England. Improvements to the river to make it navigable were authorised in 1720 and the work, which included ...
. The River Dane is the longest, cleanest and thought to be the fastest flowing river through Cheshire. The route of the Dane is followed as closely as possible by the
Dane Valley Way The Dane Valley Way is a long-distance Rights of way in England and Wales, footpath through Derbyshire, Staffordshire and Cheshire, England. It runs from the Buxton Pavilion Gardens, Pavilion Gardens in Buxton to the end of the River Dane, where ...
, a walking route from Buxton to Northwich. Although the main river is part of the
Mersey The River Mersey () is a river in the North West of England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Se ...
catchment and flows into the
Irish Sea The Irish Sea or , gv, Y Keayn Yernagh, sco, Erse Sie, gd, Muir Èireann , Ulster-ScotsUlster Scots, also known as Scotch-Irish, may refer to: * Ulster Scots people The Ulster Scots (Ulster-Scots The Ulster Scots (Ulster ...
, a portion of the water can be diverted via canal feeders into
Rudyard Lake Rudyard Lake is a reservoir in Rudyard, Staffordshire, located north-west of the town of Leek, Staffordshire. It was constructed in the late 18th century to feed the Caldon Canal. During the 19th century, it was a popular destination for day ...
and subsequently the
Caldon Canal The Caldon Canal (or more properly, the Caldon Branch of the Trent & Mersey Canal The Trent and Mersey Canal is a canal in Derbyshire, Staffordshire and Cheshire in north-central England. It is a "narrow canal" for the vast majority of its ...
. This water discharges eventually into the
River Trent The River Trent is the third-longest river in the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain a ...

River Trent
and ultimately into the
North Sea The North Sea is a sea The sea, connected as the world ocean or simply the ocean The ocean (also the sea or the world ocean) is the body of salt water which covers approximately 71% of the surface of the Earth.
, having crossed the English watershed.


Tributaries

* Gad Brook (R) * Eldersbriar Brook (L) * Puddlinglake Brook (R) *
River Wheelock The River Wheelock is a small river in Cheshire Cheshire ( ; (Welsh language, Welsh: ''Sir Gaer'') formerly the County Palatine of Chester) is a Ceremonial counties of England, county in the North West of England, bordering Merseyside and Greate ...
(L) ** Hoggins Brook (L) ** Fowle Brook (L) *
River Croco The River Croco is a small river in Cheshire in England. It starts as lowland field drainage west of Congleton, flows along the south edge of Holmes Chapel, and joins the River Dane at Middlewich. It is about long. According to an historical acco ...
(L) ** Sanderson's Brook (L) *** Small Brook (L) * Swettenham Brook ** Midge Brook (Ls) *** Chapel Brook (R) **** Dighill Brook (R) ** Clonter Brook (Rs) * Loach Brook ** Dairy Brook (L) * The Howty (L) * Dane in Shaw Brook (L) ** Biddulph Brook ** Timbers Brook (R) * Cow Brook (R) * Ravensclough Brook (L) * Shell Brook (R) * Clough Brook (R) ** Highmoor Brook (R) *** Rabb Brook (R) *** Oaken Brook (R) ** Cumberland Brook (L) ** Yarnshaw Brook (L) *** Correction Brook (L) ** Tor Brook (R) * Black Brook * Flash Brook (L) ** Far Brook (R) * Robins Brook (R) * Three Shires Brook (L)


History

A tall red brick railway viaduct, built in 1841, spans the broad Dane Valley between Holmes Chapel and Twemlow. It has 23 arches and is a
Scheduled Monument In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Some prefer ...
. It crosses the River Dane at Saltersford where Cheshire salt traders drove their horse-drawn carts through a ford along the toll road. Nearby downstream is the small stone Hermitage Bridge built in 1772. Some years the river floods widely across the meadows here. In 1451 when the River Dane flooded in Congleton, it destroyed the town's corn mill, half of the timber-framed buildings and the wooden bridge over the river. To prevent it happening again the river was diverted away from the town. Congleton's textile industry grew from the 14th-century, with many water-powered mills built along the river by the 18th-century. Heading downstream: Dane Bridge, Hug Bridge, Lymford Bridge (early 19th century),
Macclesfield Canal The Macclesfield Canal is a canal in east Cheshire, England. There were various proposals for a canal to connect the town of Macclesfield to the national network from 1765 onwards, but it was not until 1824 that a scheme came to fruition. There w ...

Macclesfield Canal
Aqueduct (1830), Congleton Railway Viaduct (
West Coast Main Line The West Coast Main Line (WCML) is one of the most important railway corridors in the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guar ...

West Coast Main Line
, 1849), Colley Mill Bridge, Havannah Bridge (early to mid-19th century, originally leading to a cigar factory), Hermitage Bridge (1772), and Shipbrook Bridge are all Grade II listed.


See also

*
List of rivers of England This is a list of rivers of England, organised geographical Geography (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country lo ...


References

{{DEFAULTSORT:Dane Rivers of Cheshire Rivers and valleys of the Peak District Sites of Special Scientific Interest in Cheshire 1Dane Peak District