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Phenomenology may refer to:


Art

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Phenomenology (architecture) Phenomenology in architecture upright=1.45, alt=Plan d'exécution du second étage de l'hôtel de Brionne (dessin) De Cotte 2503c – Gallica 2011 (adjusted), Plan of the second floor (attic storey) of the Hôtel de Brionne in Paris – 1734 ...
, based on the experience of building materials and their sensory properties


Philosophy

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Phenomenology (philosophy) Phenomenology (from Ancient Greek, Greek φαινόμενον, ''phainómenon'' "that which appears" and λόγος, ''lógos'' "study") is the Philosophy, philosophical study of the structures of experience and consciousness. As a philosophical ...
, a branch of philosophy which studies subjective experiences and a methodology of study founded by Edmund Husserl (1859–1938) beginning in 1900 **
Munich phenomenology Munich phenomenology (also Munich phenomenological school) is the philosophical orientation of a group of philosophy, philosophers and psychology, psychologists that studied and worked in Munich at the turn of the twentieth century. Their views are ...
, a group of philosophers and psychologists at
University of Munich Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (also referred to as LMU or the University of Munich; german: Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München) is a public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disse ...
who were inspired by Husserl's work to develop phenomenology after 1900 **
Existential phenomenology Existential phenomenology encompasses a wide range of thinkers who take up the view that philosophy must begin from experience like phenomenology Phenomenology may refer to: * Empirical research, when used to describe measurement methods in some s ...
, in the work of Husserl's student Martin Heidegger (1889–1976) and his followers after 1927 * Phenomenology (Peirce), a branch of philosophy according to Charles Sanders Peirce (1839–1914) * Philosophy of experience (Hinduism), the phenomenology of experience in Hinduism, first expounded by Gaudapada ()


Philosophical literature

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Phenomenology of Perception ''Phenomenology of Perception'' (french: Phénoménologie de la perception) is a 1945 book about perception Perception (from the Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A languag ...
'', a book by Maurice Merleau-Ponty * ''
The Phenomenology of Spirit ''The Phenomenology of Spirit'' (german: Phänomenologie des Geistes) is Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel's most widely discussed philosophical work; its German title can be translated as either ''The Phenomenology of Spirit'' or ''The Phenomenology ...
'', a book by Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel


Science

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Empirical research Empirical research is research Research is "creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge". It involves the collection, organization and analysis of information to increase understanding of a topic or issue. ...
, when used to describe measurement methods in some sciences * An
empirical relationship In science Science () is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge Knowledge is a familiarity or awareness, of someone or something, such as facts A fact is something that is truth, true. The usual test for a s ...
or
phenomenological model A phenomenological model is a scientific model Scientific modelling is a scientific activity, the aim of which is to make a particular part or feature of the world easier to understand, define, quantify, visualize, or simulate by referencin ...
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Phenomenology (physics) In physics, phenomenology is the application of theoretical physics to experimental data by making quantitative predictions based upon known theories. It is related to the Phenomenology (philosophy), philosophical notion of the same name in that ...
, a branch of physics that deals with the application of theory to experiments *
Phenomenology (archaeology) In archaeology, phenomenology applies to the use of sensory experiences to view and interpret an archaeological site or cultural landscape. It first came to widespread attention among archaeologists with the publication of Christopher Tilley's ''A ...
, the study of cultural landscapes from a sensory perspective *
Phenomenology (psychology) Phenomenology within psychology Psychology is the scientific Science () is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge Knowledge is a familiarity or awareness, of someone or something, such as facts A fact i ...
, the study within psychology of subjective experiences *
Phenomenology (sociology) Phenomenology within sociology Sociology is the study of society, human social behaviour, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture that surrounds everyday life. It is a social science that uses various methods of Em ...
, the study within sociology of subjective experiences of concrete social realities *
Phenomenology of religion The phenomenology of religion concerns the experiential aspect of religion Religion is a social system, social-cultural system of designated religious behaviour, behaviors and practices, morality, morals, beliefs, worldviews, religious text, ...
, the study of the experiential aspect of religion in terms consistent with the orientation of the worshippers {{disambiguation