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Paul Victor Jules Signac ( , , ; 11 November 1863 – 15 August 1935) was a French
Neo-Impressionist Neo-Impressionism is a term coined by French art critic An art critic is a person who is specialized in analyzing, interpreting, and evaluating art Art is a diverse range of (products of) human activities Humans (''Homo sapiens'') are ...
painter Painting is the practice of applying paint Paint is any pigmented liquid, liquefiable, or solid mastic composition that, after application to a substrate in a thin layer, converts to a solid film. It is most commonly used to protect, ...

painter
who, working with
Georges Seurat Georges Pierre Seurat ( , , ; 2 December 1859 – 29 March 1891) was a French post-Impressionist artist. He is best known for devising the painting techniques known as chromoluminarism and pointillism Pointillism (, ) is a technique of pai ...
, helped develop the
Pointillist Pointillism (, ) is a technique of painting in which small, distinct dots of color are applied in patterns to form an image. Georges Seurat and Paul Signac developed the technique in 1886, branching from Impressionism. The term "Pointillism" was ...
style.


Biography

Paul Signac was born in Paris on 11 November 1863. He followed a course of training in
architecture upright=1.45, alt=Plan d'exécution du second étage de l'hôtel de Brionne (dessin) De Cotte 2503c – Gallica 2011 (adjusted), Plan of the second floor (attic storey) of the Hôtel de Brionne in Paris – 1734. Architecture (Latin ''archi ...

architecture
before, at the age of 18, deciding to pursue a career as a painter, after attending an exhibit of
Monet Oscar-Claude Monet (, , ; 14 November 1840 – 5 December 1926) was a French painter and founder of impressionist Impressionism is a 19th-century art movement characterized by relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open c ...

Monet
's work. He sailed on the Mediterranean Sea, visiting the coasts of Europe and painting the landscapes he encountered. In later years, he also painted a series of watercolors of French harbor cities. In 1884 he met
Claude Monet Oscar-Claude Monet (, , ; 14 November 1840 – 5 December 1926) was a French painter and founder of impressionist Impressionism is a 19th-century art movement characterized by relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open c ...
and
Georges Seurat Georges Pierre Seurat ( , , ; 2 December 1859 – 29 March 1891) was a French post-Impressionist artist. He is best known for devising the painting techniques known as chromoluminarism and pointillism Pointillism (, ) is a technique of pai ...
. He was struck by the systematic working methods of Seurat and by his theory of colors and he became Seurat's faithful supporter, friend, and heir with his description of
Neo-Impressionism Neo-Impressionism is a term coined by French art critic An art critic is a person who is specialized in analyzing, interpreting, and evaluating art Art is a diverse range of (products of) human activities Humans (''Homo sapiens'') are ...
and
Divisionism Divisionism, also called chromoluminarism, was the characteristic style in Neo-Impressionist Neo-Impressionism is a term coined by French art critic An art critic is a person who is specialized in analyzing, interpreting, and evaluating art ...
method. Under Seurat's influence he abandoned the short brushstrokes of
Impressionism Impressionism is a 19th-century art movement An art movement is a tendency or style in art with a specific common philosophy or goal, followed by a group of artists during a specific period of time, (usually a few months, years or decades) or ...

Impressionism
to experiment with scientifically-juxtaposed small dots of pure color, intended to combine and blend not on the canvas, but in the viewer's eye, the defining feature of
Pointillism Pointillism (, ) is a technique of painting Painting is the practice of applying paint Paint is any pigmented liquid A liquid is a nearly incompressible In fluid mechanics Fluid mechanics is the branch of physics conce ...
. The Mediterranean coast is a major theme across Signac's paintings. He left the capital each summer, to stay in the south of France in the village of Collioure or at
St. Tropez Saint-Tropez (; oc, Sant Tropetz, ; ) is a town A town is a human settlement In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, fe ...

St. Tropez
, where he bought a house and invited his friends. Paul Signac,
Albert Dubois-Pillet Albert Dubois-Pillet (28 October 1846 – 18 August 1890) was a French Neo-impressionist painter and a career army officer. He was instrumental in the founding of the Société des Artistes Indépendants, and was one of the first artists to ...

Albert Dubois-Pillet
,
Odilon Redon Odilon Redon (born Bertrand Redon; ; 20 April 18406 July 1916) was a French symbolist Symbolism was a late 19th-century art movement An art movement is a tendency or style in art with a specific common philosophy or goal, followed by a gr ...

Odilon Redon
, and Georges Seurat were among the founders of the
Société des Artistes Indépendants The Société des Artistes Indépendants (''Society of Independent Artists'') or Salon des Indépendants was formed in Paris Paris () is the Capital city, capital and List of communes in France with over 20,000 inhabitants, most populous c ...
. The association began in Paris 29 July 1884 with the organization of massive exhibitions, embracing as their motto, "Neither jury nor awards" (''Sans jury ni récompense''). "The purpose of Société des Artistes Indépendants—based on the principle of abolishing admission jury—is to allow the artists to present their works to public judgement with complete freedom". For the following three decades their annual exhibitions flourished and set the trends in art of the early twentieth century. In 1886 Signac met
Vincent van Gogh Vincent Willem van Gogh (; 30 March 185329 July 1890) was a Dutch Post-Impressionist painter who posthumously became one of the most famous and influential figures in Western art ''; by Johannes Vermeer Johannes Vermeer ( , , #Pronun ...
in
Paris Paris () is the Capital city, capital and List of communes in France with over 20,000 inhabitants, most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,175,601 residents , in an area of more than . Since the 17th century, Paris ha ...

Paris
. During 1887 the two artists regularly went to
Asnières-sur-Seine Asnières-sur-Seine () is a commune A commune is an intentional community of people sharing living spaces, interests, values, beliefs, and often property Property (''latin: Res Privata'') in the Abstract and concrete, abstract is what ...
together, where they painted such subjects as river landscapes and cafés. Initially, van Gogh chiefly admired Signac's loose painting technique. Signac would also meet
Toulouse Lautrec
Toulouse Lautrec
who was a friend of Van Gogh. In March 1889, Signac visited van Gogh at
Arles Arles (, also , ; oc, label= Provençal, Arle ; Classical la, Arelate) is a city and commune A commune is an intentional community of people sharing living spaces, interests, values, beliefs, and often property Property (''latin: ...

Arles
. In 1890 during the banquet of the XX exhibition in Brussels, Lautrec challenged to a duel the artist Henri de Groux who criticized van Gogh's works. Signac declared he would continue to fight for Van Gogh’s honor if Lautrec was killed. De Groux apologized for the slight and left the group and the duel never took place. The next year he made a short trip to Italy, seeing
Genoa Genoa ( ; it, Genova ; locally ; lij, Zêna ; English, historically, and la, Genua) is the capital of the Regions of Italy, Italian region of Liguria and the List of cities in Italy, sixth-largest city in Italy. In 2015, 594,733 people lived ...

Genoa
,
Florence Florence ( ; it, Firenze ) is a city in Central-Northern Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of Italian Peninsula, a peninsula delimited by the Al ...

Florence
, and
Naples Naples (; it, Napoli ; nap, Napule ), from grc, Νεάπολις, Neápolis, lit=new city. is the regional capital of and the third-largest city of , after and , with a population of 967,069 within the city's administrative limits as of ...

Naples
. In 1888, Signac discovered
anarchist Anarchism is a political philosophy and Political movement, movement that is sceptical of authority and rejects all involuntary, coercive forms of hierarchy. Anarchism calls for the abolition of the State (polity), state, which it holds to ...

anarchist
ideas by reading
Élisée Reclus Jacques Élisée Reclus (; 15 March 18304 July 1905) was a renowned French geographer A geographer is a physical scientist, social scientist and humanist whose area of study is geography, the study of Earth's natural environment and human s ...

Élisée Reclus
,
Kropotkin Pyotr Alexeyevich Kropotkin (; russian: link=no, Пётр Алексе́евич Кропо́ткин ; 9 December 1842 – 8 February 1921) was a Russian anarchist, socialist Socialism is a Political philosophy, political, Social ph ...

Kropotkin
, and
Jean Grave Jean Grave Jean Grave (; October 16, 1854, Le Breuil-sur-Couze – December 8, 1939, Vienne-en-Val) was an important activist in the Anarchism in France, French anarchist and the international anarchist communism movements. He was the editor of thr ...

Jean Grave
, who all developed the ideas of anarchist communism. With his friends Angrand Cross, Maximilien Luce, and
Camille Pissarro Camille Pissarro ( , ; 10 July 1830 – 13 November 1903) was a Danish-French Impressionist Impressionism is a 19th-century art movement characterized by relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on ...
he contributed to Jean Grave's paper, ''Les Temps Nouveaux'' (New Times). Signac loved sailing and began to travel in 1892, sailing a small boat to almost all the ports of France, to the Netherlands, and on the Mediterranean Sea as far as
Constantinople la, Constantinopolis ota, قسطنطينيه , alternate_name = Byzantion (earlier Greek name), Nova Roma ("New Rome"), Miklagard/Miklagarth (Old Norse Old Norse, Old Nordic, or Old Scandinavian is a stage of development of North Germa ...

Constantinople
, basing his boat at St. Tropez, which he later would make popular to other artists. From his various ports of call, Signac brought back vibrant, colorful watercolors, sketched rapidly from nature. From these sketches, he painted large studio canvases that are carefully composed of small, mosaic-like squares of color quite different from the tiny, variegated dots introduced and used by Seurat. Signac experimented with various media. As well as oil paintings and
watercolors Watercolor (American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States. Currently, American Engli ...
he made
etching Etching is traditionally the process of using strong acid or mordant to cut into the unprotected parts of a metal surface to create a design in Intaglio (printmaking), intaglio (incised) in the metal. In modern manufacturing, other chemicals may ...
s,
lithographs Lithography () is a method of printing originally based on the immiscibility of oil and water. The printing is from a stone ( lithographic limestone) or a metal plate with a smooth surface. It was invented in 1796 by German author and actor ...
, and many pen-and-ink sketches composed of small, laborious dots. The Neo-Impressionists influenced the next generation: Signac inspired Henri Matisse and
André Derain André Derain (, ; 10 June 1880 – 8 September 1954) was a French artist, painter, sculptor and co-founder of Fauvism Fauvism /ˈfoʊvɪzm̩/ is the style of ''les Fauves'' (French for "the wild beasts"), a group of early 20th-century modern a ...
in particular, thus playing a decisive role in the evolution of
Fauvism Fauvism /ˈfoʊvɪzm̩/ is the style of ''les Fauves'' (French for "the wild beasts"), a group of early 20th-century modern art Modern art includes artistic work produced during the period extending roughly from the 1860s to the 1970s, and d ...
. Signac himself did not admire the style when it first appeared. Having prospered well, his financial support of the arts was considerable. As donations, he sent regular cheques and made a gift of his works for five lotteries between 1895 and 1912. Signac's 1893 painting, ''In the Time of Harmony'' originally was entitled, ''In the Time of Anarchy'', but political repression targeting the anarchists in France at this time forced him to change the title before the work could be accepted by a gallery. At the 1905 Salon des Indépendants,
Henri Matisse Henri Émile Benoît Matisse (; 31 December 1869 – 3 November 1954) was a French artist, known for both his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. He was a drawing, draughtsman, printmaking, printmaker, and sculpture, scul ...

Henri Matisse
exhibited the proto- Fauve painting '' Luxe, Calme et Volupté''. The brightly colored composition was painted in 1904 after a summer spent working in
St. Tropez Saint-Tropez (; oc, Sant Tropetz, ; ) is a town A town is a human settlement In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, fe ...

St. Tropez
on the
French Riviera The French Riviera (known in French as the ; oc, Còsta d'Azur ; literal translation " Azure Coast") is the Mediterranean The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost c ...

French Riviera
alongside the
neo-Impressionist Neo-Impressionism is a term coined by French art critic An art critic is a person who is specialized in analyzing, interpreting, and evaluating art Art is a diverse range of (products of) human activities Humans (''Homo sapiens'') are ...
painters
Henri-Edmond Cross Henri-Edmond Cross, born Henri-Edmond-Joseph Delacroix, (20 May 1856 – 16 May 1910) was a French painter and printmaker. He is most acclaimed as a master of Neo-Impressionism and he played an important role in shaping the second phase of tha ...
and Paul Signac. The painting is Matisse's most important work in which he used the
Divisionist Divisionism (also called chromoluminarism) was the characteristic style in Neo-Impressionist painting defined by the separation of colors into individual dots or patches which interacted optically..Homer, William I. ''Seurat and the Science of Pa ...
technique advocated by Signac, which Matisse had adopted in 1898 after reading Signac's essay, ''d'Eugène Delacroix au Néo-Impressionnisme''. Signac purchased the work after the 1905 Salon des Indépendants. In 1908 Signac was elected president of the Twenty-fourth Salon des Indépendants.Russell T. Clement, ''Les Fauves: A Sourcebook'', Greenwood Publishing Group, 1994
As president of the
Société des Artistes Indépendants The Société des Artistes Indépendants (''Society of Independent Artists'') or Salon des Indépendants was formed in Paris Paris () is the Capital city, capital and List of communes in France with over 20,000 inhabitants, most populous c ...
, from 1908 until his death, Signac encouraged younger artists by exhibiting the controversial works of the Fauves and the
Cubists Cubism is an early-20th-century avant-garde art movement that revolutionized European painting and sculpture, and inspired related movements in music, literature and architecture. Cubism has been considered the most influential art movement of th ...
. He was the first patron to buy a painting by Matisse. Signac served as a juror with
Florence Meyer Blumenthal Florence Meyer Blumenthal (1875–1930) was an American philanthropist who founded the ''Fondation franco-américaine Florence Blumenthal (Franco-American Florence Blumenthal Foundation),'' which awarded the Prix Blumenthal from 1919-1954 to painte ...

Florence Meyer Blumenthal
in awarding the ''
Prix Blumenthal The Prix Blumenthal (or ''Blumenthal Prize'') was a grant (money), grant or stipend awarded through the philanthropy of Florence Meyer Blumenthal (1875–1930) — and the foundation she created, ''Fondation franco-américaine Florence Blumentha ...
'', a grant given between 1919 and 1954 to painters, sculptors, decorators, engravers, writers, and musicians.


Personal life

On 7 November 1892, Signac married Berthe Roblès at the town hall of the
18th arrondissement of Paris The 18th arrondissement of Paris (''XVIIIe arrondissement'') is one of the 20 arrondissements An arrondissement (, , ) is any of various administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, ...
. The witnesses at the wedding were Alexandre Lemonier, Maximilien Luce,
Camille Pissarro Camille Pissarro ( , ; 10 July 1830 – 13 November 1903) was a Danish-French Impressionist Impressionism is a 19th-century art movement characterized by relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on ...
, and
Georges Lecomte
Georges Lecomte
. In November 1897, the Signacs moved to a new apartment in the ''Castel Béranger'', which was built by
Hector Guimard Hector Guimard (10 March 1867 – 20 May 1942) was a French architect and designer, and a prominent figure of the Art Nouveau Art Nouveau (; ) is an international style (visual arts), style of art, architecture, and applied art, especially ...
. A little later, in December of the same year, they acquired a house in
Saint-Tropez Saint-Tropez (; oc, Sant Tropetz, ; ) is a town A town is a human settlement. Towns are generally larger than villages and smaller than city, cities, though the criteria to distinguish between them vary considerably in different parts of th ...

Saint-Tropez
named, ''La Hune'', where the painter had a vast studio constructed that he inaugurated on 16 August 1898. In September 1913, Signac rented a house at
Antibes Antibes (, also , ; oc, label= Provençal, Antíbol) is a coastal city in the Alpes-Maritimes Alpes-Maritimes (; oc, Aups Maritims; it, Alpi Marittime, "Maritime Alps") is a department of France In the administrative divisions of Fra ...

Antibes
, where he took up residence with Jeanne Selmersheim-Desgrange. She gave birth to their daughter, Ginette, on 2 October 1913. Meanwhile, Signac left ''La Hune'' and the ''Castel Beranger'' apartment to Berthe and they remained friends for the rest of his life. On 6 April 1927, Signac formally adopted Ginette. His granddaughter, Françoise Cachin, was an art historian. Paul Signac died from
sepsis Sepsis is a life-threatening condition that arises when the body's response to infection An infection is the invasion of an organism's body by , their multiplication, and the reaction of tissues to the infectious agents and the s they pr ...
in Paris on 15 August 1935 at the age of 71. His body was cremated and was interred three days later, on 18 August, at the
Père Lachaise Cemetery Père Lachaise Cemetery (french: Cimetière du Père-Lachaise ; formerly , "Cemetery of the East") is the largest cemetery in Paris, France (). With more than 3.5 million visitors annually, it is the most visited necropolis in the world. Notable ...
.


Author

Signac wrote several important works on the theory of art, among them, ''From Eugène Delacroix to Neo-Impressionism'', published in 1899. It is a monograph devoted to
Johan Barthold Jongkind Johan Barthold Jongkind (3 June 1819 – 9 February 1891) was a Netherlands, Dutch Painting, painter and Printmaking, printmaker. He painted marine landscapes in a free manner and is regarded as a forerunner of Impressionism. Biography Jon ...

Johan Barthold Jongkind
(1819–1891), and was published in 1927. He also authored several introductions to the catalogues of art exhibitions and many other writings yet to be published. Politically, he was an
anarchist Anarchism is a political philosophy and Political movement, movement that is sceptical of authority and rejects all involuntary, coercive forms of hierarchy. Anarchism calls for the abolition of the State (polity), state, which it holds to ...

anarchist
, as were many of his friends, including
Félix Fénéon
Félix Fénéon
and
Camille Pissarro Camille Pissarro ( , ; 10 July 1830 – 13 November 1903) was a Danish-French Impressionist Impressionism is a 19th-century art movement characterized by relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on ...
.


Gallery

File:Paul Signac Road to Gennevilliers.jpg, alt=painting, ''Road to Gennevilliers'', 1883,
Musée d'Orsay The Musée d'Orsay ( , , ) is a museum in Paris, France, on the Left Bank The Rive Gauche (, ''Left Bank'') is the southern bank of the river Seine in Paris Paris () is the Capital city, capital and List of communes in France with o ...

Musée d'Orsay
, Paris File:Comblat-le-Chateau. Le Pré.jpg, alt=painting, ''Comblat le Chateau. Le Pré.'' 1886,
Dallas Museum of Art The Dallas Museum of Art (DMA) is an art museum located in the Arts District An arts district or cultural district is a demarcated urban area, usually on the periphery of a city centre A city centre is the commercial, cultural and often the hist ...

Dallas Museum of Art
File:Paul Signac - Snow, Boulevard de Clichy, Paris - Google Art Project.jpg, ''Snow, Boulevard de Clichy, Paris'' (1886),
Minneapolis Institute of Art The Minneapolis Institute of Art (Mia) is an art Art is a diverse range of (products of) human activities involving creative imagination to express technical proficiency, beauty, emotional power, or conceptual ideas. There is no generall ...

Minneapolis Institute of Art
File:Paul Signac - Cassis, Cap Lombard, Opus 196 - Google Art Project.jpg, alt=painting, '' Cassis, Cap Lombard, Opus 196'', 1889,
Gemeentemuseum Den Haag The Kunstmuseum Den Haag is an art museum An art museum is a building or space for the display of art, usually from the museum's own Collection (artwork), collection. It might be in public or private ownership and may be accessible to all or ...
File:Place des Lices Paul Signac.jpg, ''Place des Lices'', 1893, oil on canvas,
Carnegie Museum of Art The Carnegie Museum of Art, abbreviated CMOA, is an art museum An art museum is a building or space for the display of art, usually from the museum's own Collection (artwork), collection. It might be in public or private ownership and may be ...

Carnegie Museum of Art
File:Golfe Juan by Paul Signac (1863-1935) - IMG 7171.JPG, alt=painting, ''Golfe-Juan'', ca. 1896,
Worcester Art Museum The Worcester Art Museum, also known by its acronym An acronym is a word or name formed from the initial components of a longer name or phrase, usually using individual initial letters, as in NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) or Europe ...
File:Le Démolisseur P Signac Nancy 2718.jpg, ''Le Démolisseur'' (between 1897 and 1899),
Musée des Beaux-Arts de Nancy Image:Nancy Musee des Beaux-Arts BW 2015-07-18 13-55-20.jpg, Museum of Fine Arts of Nancy File:F54 Nancy Daum CollectionMBA.JPG, Daum (studio), Daum collection The Museum of Fine Arts of Nancy, France, Nancy (French language, French: ''Musée des ...
File:Paul Signac, Grand Canal (Venise).jpg, alt=painting, ''Grand Canal (Venice)'', 1905,
Toledo Museum of Art The Toledo Museum of Art is an internationally known art gallery, art museum located in the Old West End District (Toledo, Ohio), Old West End neighborhood of Toledo, Ohio. It houses a collection of more than 30,000 objects. With 45 galleries, it ...
, Toledo, Ohio File:Paul Signac - Notre-Dame-de-la-Garde (La Bonne Mere) (1905-06, Marseilles, Metropolitan Museum of Art New York Collection).jpg, alt=painting, ''Notre-Dame-de-la-Garde (La Bonne-Mère) Marseilles'', 1905–06,
Metropolitan Museum of Art The Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York City, colloquially "the Met", is the largest art museum in the Western Hemisphere. Its permanent collection contains over two million works, divided among 17 curatorial departments. The main building ...

Metropolitan Museum of Art
File:Paul Signac - The Port of Rotterdam - Google Art Project.jpg, alt=painting, ''The Port of Rotterdam'', 1907,
Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen () is an art museum An art museum is a building or space for the display of art, usually from the museum's own Collection (artwork), collection. It might be in public or private ownership and may be accessible to ...

Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen
File:Signac, Paul - The Harbour at Marseilles.jpg, '' The Port of Marseille'', 1907,
Hermitage Museum The State Hermitage Museum ( rus, Госуда́рственный Эрмита́ж, r=Gosudárstvennyj Ermitáž, p=ɡəsʊˈdarstvʲɪn(ː)ɨj ɪrmʲɪˈtaʂ, links=no) is a museum A museum ( ; plural museums or, rarely, musea) is ...

Hermitage Museum
File:Paul Signac, 1909, The Pine Tree at Saint Tropez, oil on canvas, 72 x 92 cm, Pushkin Museum, Moscow.jpg, alt=painting, ''The Pine Tree at Saint Tropez'', 1909,
Pushkin Museum The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts (russian: Музей изобразительных искусств имени А. С. Пушкина, abbreviated as ) is the largest museum of European art in Moscow Moscow ( , American English, US chi ...
, Moscow File:Paul Signac - Antibes, die Türme.jpeg, alt=painting, ''Antibes'', 1911,
Albertina The Albertina is a museum A museum ( ; plural museums or, rarely, musea) is a building or institution that cares for and displays a collection Collection or Collections may refer to: * Cash collection, the function of an accounts r ...

Albertina
, Vienna File:Signac, Antibes, le soir ( Musée d'art moderne et contemporain de Strasbourg ).jpg, ''Antibes le soir'', 1914,
Strasbourg Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art and MAMCS Image:MAMCS - Hall.jpg, Interior view at night The Musée d'Art Moderne et Contemporain de Strasbourg (MAMCS, Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art) is an art museum in Strasbourg, France, which was founded in 1973 and opened in its own ...
File:Paul Signac, 1921, Entrée du port de la Rochelle, oil on canvas, 130.5 x 162 cm, Musée d'Orsay.jpg, alt=painting, ''Entrée du port de la Rochelle'', 1921, oil on canvas, 130.5 x 162 cm (51.4 × 63.8 in),
Musée d'Orsay The Musée d'Orsay ( , , ) is a museum in Paris, France, on the Left Bank The Rive Gauche (, ''Left Bank'') is the southern bank of the river Seine in Paris Paris () is the Capital city, capital and List of communes in France with o ...

Musée d'Orsay
File:Paul Signac - Blessing of the Tuna Fleet at Groix - 62.36 - Minneapolis Institute of Arts.jpg, ''Blessing of the Tuna Fleet at Groix'', 1923,
Minneapolis Institute of Art The Minneapolis Institute of Art (Mia) is an art Art is a diverse range of (products of) human activities involving creative imagination to express technical proficiency, beauty, emotional power, or conceptual ideas. There is no generall ...

Minneapolis Institute of Art
File:Paul Signac, 1925, Le phare, Groix, 74 × 92.4 cm, Metropolitan Museum of Art.jpg, ''Le phare, Groix'', 1925, oil on canvas, 74 × 92.4 cm,
Metropolitan Museum of Art The Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York City, colloquially "the Met", is the largest art museum in the Western Hemisphere. Its permanent collection contains over two million works, divided among 17 curatorial departments. The main building ...

Metropolitan Museum of Art
File:Almond Flows Paul Signac.jpg, Almond Flowers in Bloom, 1896 File:Paul Signac - Les Andelys, Côte d'Aval - 1993.208 - Art Institute of Chicago.jpg, ''Les Andelys, Côte d'Aval'', 1886, oil on canvas, 60 × 92 cm,
Art Institute of Chicago The Art Institute of Chicago in Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive map of Chicago , coordinates = , coordinates_footnotes = , subdivision_t ...

Art Institute of Chicago


Illustrations in periodicals

* ''L'almanach de Cocagne pour l'an 1920–1922, Dédié aux vrais Gourmands Et aux Francs Buveurs'' (1921), published by
Jean Cocteau Jean Maurice Eugène Clément Cocteau (, , ; 5 July 1889 – 11 October 1963) was a French poet, playwright, novelist, designer, filmmaker, visual artist and critic. He was one of the foremost creatives of the su ...
and Bertrand Guégan (1892–1943)Notice ''WorldCat''sudocBnF
Engraved on wood and unpublished drawings of:
Matisse Henri Émile Benoît Matisse (; 31 December 1869 – 3 November 1954) was a French artist, known for both his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. He was a draughtsman, printmaker 300px, Rembrandt, ''Self-portrait'', ...

Matisse
, J. Marchand, R. Dufy, Sonia Lewitska, de Segonzac,
Jean Émile Laboureur Émile Laboureur, known as Jean Émile (16 August 1877, Nantes Nantes (, , ; Gallo language, Gallo: ''Naunnt'' or ''Nantt'' ; ) is a city in Loire-Atlantique on the Loire, from the Atlantic Ocean, Atlantic coast. The city is the List of comm ...
, Friesz, Marquet, Pierre Laprade, Signac, Louis Latapie,
Suzanne Valadon Suzanne Valadon (23 September 18657 April 1938) was a French painter who was born Marie-Clémentine Valadon at Bessines-sur-Gartempe Bessines-sur-Gartempe (, literally ''Bessines on Gartempe''; Limousin dialect, Limousin: ''Becinas'') is a Commu ...
,
Henriette Tirman Jeanne-Henriette Tirman (1875, in Charleville-Mézieres ( Ardenne) – 30 October 1952, in Sèvres (Hauts-de-Seine)) was a France, French woman painter and printmaker. Biography Henriette Tirman was a Post-Impressionism, Post-Impressionist pain ...
and others.´ * ''La Gerbe'' (Nantes),
periodical Periodical literature (also called a periodical publication or simply a periodical) is a category of serial Serial may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media The presentation of works in sequential segments * Serial (literature), serialised ...
.


See also

*
List of Orientalist artists This is an incomplete list of artists who have produced works on Orientalism#Orientalist art, Orientalist subjects, drawn from the Islamic world or other parts of Asia. Many artists listed on this page worked in many genres, and Orientalist subje ...
* Orientalism *''The Lagoon of Saint Mark, Venice'' (1905)


Notes


References

* * ''Signac 1863–1935'', Réunion des Musées Nationaux, Paris 2001 * ''The New Encyclopædia Britannica'', 1988, Volume 10, Micropædia, pg. 796


External links


Works by Signac at the Musée d'Orsay, Paris
* Finding Aid for hdl:10020/cifa870524, Paul Signac letters and Signac family correspondence, 1860–1935, Getty Research Institute
Essay on ''Palais des Papes, Avignon'' by Paul Signac – 1909, at Great Works of Western Art
* Paul Signac: Article o
''Plane Trees, Place des Lices, Saint Tropez''
a
NeoImpressionism.net

Essay on ''In the Time of Harmony'' by Paul Signac – 1895, at NeoImpressionism.net

Woodcuts by Paul Signac, Henriette Tirman, Henri Ottmann and others, ''La Gebre'', 1921/04 (A3, N31), Gallica, BnF

Detail about Paul Signac's 1886 three month visit to Les Andelys that crystallised his theories around Pointillism.
{{DEFAULTSORT:Signac, Paul 1863 births 1935 deaths 19th-century French painters 20th-century French painters 20th-century male artists Orientalist painters Painters from Paris Burials at Père Lachaise Cemetery Divisionist painters French anarchists French male painters Peintres de la Marine Pointillism Post-impressionist painters Prix Blumenthal