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JOAX-DTV, virtual channel 4 (UHF digital channel 25), branded as , is the flagship station of the Nippon Television Network System, owned-and-operated by the which is a subsidiary of the certified broadcasting holding company , itself a listed subdisiary of The Yomiuri Shimbun Holdings, Japan's largest media conglomerate by revenue and the second largest behind Sony; Nippon Television Holdings forms part of Yomiuri's main television broadcasting arm alongside Kansai region flagship Yomiuri Telecasting Corporation, which owns a 6.4% share in the company. Nippon TV's studios are located in the Shiodome area of Minato, Tokyo, Japan and its transmitters are located in the Tokyo Skytree. Broadcasting terrestrially across Japan, the network is sometimes contracted to , and abbreviated as "NTV" or "AX". It is also the first commercial TV station in Japan, and it has been broadcasting on Channel 4 since its inception. Nippon Television is the home of the syndication networks NNN (for news programs) and NNS (for non-news programs). Except for Okinawa Prefecture, these two networks cover the whole of Japan.

History




Early stages


In July 31, 1952, Nippon TV was granted the first TV broadcasting license for a commerical broadcaster in Japan. The Nippon Television Network Corporation was established in October of the same year. After obtaining the broadcasting license, Nippon Television purchased the land for the construction of the headquarters building in Nibancho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo (currently the Nippon Television Kojicho branch office), and began preparations for the broadcast of TV programs.However, due to delays in delivering equipment used for broadcasting, test trials were significantly delayed from their initial scheduled date, resulting in NHK being the first to start broadcasting TV programs.On August 24, 1953, Nippon TV started broadcast trials and four days later, Nippon TV officially began to broadcast TV programs as Asia's first commercial broadcaster, with an animated dove spreading its wings in the logo on its first sign-on.The first TV commercial (for Seikosha clocks) was also aired at the same time Due to high prices, television sets were not widely available at the launch of NTV and NHK. As a result, NTV installed 55 street TVs in the Kanto area in an effort to broaden the advertisement impact. This program was a huge success, attracting 8,000 to 10,000 people to watch sports broadcasts such as professional baseball and sumo wrestling. Plans for the expansion of Nippon TV to whole of Japan wasn't continued due to its given license being restricted to the Kanto area only.As a result, the Yomiuri Shimbun Group filed for a separate TV license in Osaka under the name Yomiuri TV. In 1955, Matsutaro Shoriki stepped down as the president of Nippon TV after being elected to the Japan's House Of Representatives.


Nippon News Network and launch of color TV


With the issuance of a large number of new TV licenses by the Ministry of Post in the late 1950s, Yomiuri Shimbun and Nippon Television began to establish TV stations outside the Kanto area. On August 28, 1958, Yomiuri TV started broadcasting, marking the start of Nippon TV's expansion into the Kansai area. However, due to the close partnership between Nippon TV and the Yomiuri Shimbun, the network's expansion was opposed by local newspapers, and the network's expansion was slower than that of the JNN affiliates, which are less newspaper-oriented. Following TBS' establishment of JNN in 1959, Nippon Television founded the second Japanese television network, NNN, in April 1, 1966, with a total of 19 affiliated stations as founding members. Nippon Television founded the NNS (Nippon Television Network System) in 1972 to improve collaboration among network stations in the field of non-news programming. On September 15, 1959, Nippon Television's stock was listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange, becoming the first media company in Japan to list its stock. Nippon Television applied to the Ministry of Posts in April 1957 for a color television broadcast license, which it received in December of that year. Matsutaro Shoriki returned to Nippon TV as the president of the broadcaster after resigning as the Minister of State in 1958. After taking office as the president, he increased his investment in color television. The first live coverage broadcast on color TV was the wedding of the Crown Prince (currently Emperor Akihito) on April 10, 1959 alongside the first TV program with commercials broadcast in color. Nippon TV aired a total of 938 hours of programs broadcast in color in 1961. In addition to color TV broadcast, programs produced in black and white color had been increasing. In October 1963, Nippon TV has successfully trialed overnight broadcasts. After the death of Matsutaro Shoriki in October 9, 1969, Nippon TV and NHK agreed to integrate signal transmission facilities in the Tokyo Tower.


1970s–1990s


When Kobayashi Shoriki (son-in-law of Matsutaro Shoriki) took over Nippon TV in 1969, he continued the progress of TV broadcasting in color. In April 1970, Nippon TV's color programs accounted for 76.4% of total broadcast time, ahead of NHK which was second with 73%. In October 1971, Nippon TV achieved in broadcasting all of its programs in color. However, during this period, due to the economic depression in Japan and the discovery of falsification of financial reports by the Ministry of Finance, Nippon TV was in the state of recession. Ratings of other Japanese commercial TV stations also declined during that period, from competing with Fuji TV for second place in the core bureau for most of the 1960s to competing with Fuji TV and NET TV (current TV Asahi), and then being pulled away from TBS. This led Kobayashi Shoriki to launch business reforms to promote the outsourcing of program productions and decided to build a new headquarters which enabled them to turn losses into profits in 1972. * December 1958: NTV introduced videotape recording in a one-off drama series using American RCA 2-inch quad tape. * December 1959: NTV aired Japan's first color VTR broadcast ''Perry Como’s Kraft Music Hall'' from NBC (U.S.A.). * September 10, 1960: NTV was given the right to broadcast color television. * November 22, 1963, using a communication satellite relay, NTV conducted the first black-and-white TV transmission experiment between Japan and the United States during coverage of the Assassination of John F. Kennedy. * April 1, 1966: Nippon News Network (NNN) is formed. * July 1, 1966: The Beatles’ concert at the Nippon Budokan, part of their Japanese tour, was shown in color on NTV (prerecorded on tape), with the viewing rate reaching 56 percent. * 1967: NTV’s New York City bureau is opened. Overseas news is broadcast via satellite relay from a special studio set up within NBC. * October 9, 1969: Matsutaro Shoriki, the founder of NTV and Yomiuri Group, dies. * 1972: Nippon Television Network System (NNS) is formed. * January 14, 1973: NTV airs the live satellite relay in Japan for Elvis Presley’s show in Hawaii, U.S.A.. * 1973: NTV enters into an agreement with ABC News in the U.S. for newscasts and satellite relays. * 1974: NTV's London News Bureau opens. * October 8 & 15, 1975: The classic film ''Gone with the Wind'' makes its world television premiere on NTV (Part I on the 8th, Part II on the 15th), about 13 months before NBC airs the film in the North America. * March 5, 1979: ''Zoom! Morning!'' (jp:ズームイン!!朝!) airs for the first time. * December 1982: Multichannel television sound broadcasting begins. * 1985: NTV completes its own television studio in New York City, which is later sold to CBS. * October 1987: A recording of Michael Jackson’s concert at Yokohama Stadium is broadcast in Japan. * 1987: NTV's cable news channel, NCN, is launched. * August 24, 1989: Broadcasting in enhanced definition begins. * 1989: Completion of the Ikuta Studios. * 1993: Hayao Miyazaki of Studio Ghibli, Inc. designs Nippon Television's mascot character to commemorate the channel's 40th Anniversary. * July 13, 1995: Broadcasting in widescreen EDTV begins. * April 1998 NCN relaunches as 24-hour news channel, NNN24, available via cable (within Japan) and satellite (in Japan, Korea, and Taiwan). * July 2003: The internal network name changes (日テレ, Nippon Television), however "NTV" is still used for overseas as the same font as "日テレ". * February 29, 2004: Nippon Television moves its headquarters from Kojimachi to Shiodome. Regular high-definition production begins. * 2011: Nittele becomes the top broadcaster in Japan, beating the previous record-holder Fuji Television. NTV's victory was propelled by high ratings of its Wednesday nightly drama ''Kaseifu no Mita''. * April 26, 2012: Nippon Television Network Preparatory Corporation is founded. * October 1, 2012: Nippon Television Network Corporation (first) transitions to a certified broadcasting holding company, Nippon Television Holdings, Inc., and Nippon Television Network Preparatory Corporation is renamed Nippon Television Network Corporation (second). * February 1–2, 2013: NTV and NHK General TV (which is also celebrating its own 60th year) collaborate for a two-day TV special. * January 2014: English name is changed from Nippon Television to Nippon TV. * February 27, 2014: Nippon TV acquires Hulu service in Japan (HJ Holdings LLC). * July 2, 2019: Three months after the acquisition of 21st Century Fox by Disney, Nippon TV Holdings and Fuji Media Holdings repartnered with Walt Disney Television via NBCUniversal Television and Streaming, since NBC News and ABC News partnered with NNN and FNN for 52 years.

Publicity events

On March 9, 1984, Dan Goodwin, aka Spider Dan, Skyscraperman, in a paid publicity event, used suction cups to climb the 10 floor Nippon Television Kojimachi Annex in Chiyoda.

Cultural projects

1980s: The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican City was cleaned with NTV's financial help.The New York Times 'In Louvre, New Room With View of 'Mona Lisa
/ref> (see also: Restoration of the Sistine Chapel frescoes) April 2005: The Mona Lisa Viewing Room at the Louvre, Paris, was completed. The renovation was sponsored by NTV. July 2010: The renovation of the exhibition area in the Louvre for Venus de Milo was also completed with the support of NTV.

Broadcasting



Digital TV

* Call sign: JOAX-DTV * Remote controller ID 4 * Tokyo Skytree: Channel 25 * Mito: Channel 14 * Utsunomiya: Channel 34 * Maebashi: Channel 33 * Hiratsuka: Channel 25

Analog TV

Stopped analog TV on July 24, 2011. * Call sign: JOAX-TV * Tokyo Tower: Channel 4 * Mito: Channel 42 * Hitachi: Channel 54 * Utsunomiya: Channel 53 * Nikko: Channel 54 * Maebashi: Channel 54 * Kiryu: Channel 53 * Numata: Channel 53 * Hiratsuka: Channel 35

Network

* Yomiuri TV, Analog Channel 10, Digital Channel 14 D: 10- Headquartered in Osaka, broadcast in the Kansai area * Chukyo TV, Analog Channel 35, Digital Channel 19 D: 4- Headquartered in Nagoya, broadcast in the Chukyo area * Sapporo TV, Analog Channel 5, Digital Channel 21 D: 5- Headquartered in Sapporo, broadcast in Hokkaidō * RAB Aomori Broadcasting, Analog Channel 1, Digital Channel 28 D: 1- Headquartered in Aomori, broadcast in Aomori Prefecture * Television Iwate, Analog Channel 35, Digital Channel 18 D: 4- Headquartered in Morioka, broadcast in Iwate Prefecture * Miyagi Television Broadcasting, Analog Channel 34, Digital Channel 24 D: 4- Headquartered in Sendai, broadcast in Miyagi Prefecture * Akita Broadcasting System, Analog Channel 11, Digital Channel 17 D: 4- Headquartered in Akita, broadcast in Akita Prefecture * Yamagata Broadcasting Company, Analog Channel 10, Digital Channel 16 D: 4- Headquartered in Yamagata, broadcast in Yamagata Prefecture * Fukushima Central Television, Analog Channel 33, Digital Channel 27 D: 4- Headquartered in Fukushima, broadcast in Fukushima Prefecture * Television Niigata Network, Analog Channel 29, Digital Channel 26 D: 4- Headquartered in Niigata, broadcast in Niigata Prefecture * Kitanihon Broadcasting, Analog Channel 1, Digital Channel 28 D: 1- Headquartered in Toyama, broadcast in Toyama Prefecture * TVkanazawa, Analog Channel 33, Digital Channel 17 D:4- Headquartered in Kanazawa, broadcast in Ishikawa Prefecture * TV. Shinshu, Analog Channel 30, Digital Channel 14 D: 4- Headquartered in Nagano, broadcast in Nagano Prefecture

Offices

* The headquarters (Shiodome NTV Tower): 6-1, Higashi-Shimbashi Itchome, Minato, Tokyo, Japan * Kojimachi Studio (the studios): Nibancho, Chiyoda, Tokyo (closed in 2019 for further redevelopments) * Kansai Branch Office: Kintetsu Dojima Building, 2-2, Dojima Nichome, Kita-ku, Osaka, Osaka Prefecture

TV programs



News

* ''Zip!'' (morning news directed by Ami K (5:20–8:00 ST) * ''News Every'' (evening news (16:53–19:00 ST) * ''News Zero'' (late-night news (22:54–23:57 ST) * ''NNN News 24'' (24-hour news channel)

Former Japanese dramas

* ''Nobuta wo Produce'' (野ブタ。をプロデュース, 2005) * ''Gokusen'' (ごくせん, 2002/2005/2008) * ''14-year-old Mother'' (14才の母, 2006) * ''Yasuko to Kenji'' (2008) * ''Mother'' (2010) * ''Kaseifu no Mita'' (2011) – the highest watched show of 2011 in Japan * ''Muse no Kagami'' (2012) * ''Omae wa Mada Gunma o Shiranai'' (2017) * ''Voice: 110 Emergency Control Room'' (2019)

Variety

* ''Question for one hundred million people!? Waratte Koraete!'' (1億人の大質問!?笑ってコラえて!) * ''Guruguru Ninety Nine'' (Gurunai, ぐるぐるナインティナイン, ぐるナイ) * ''Sekaiichi Uketai Jugyo'' (世界一受けたい授業) * ''Enta no Kamisama ~the god of Entertainment~'' (エンタの神様 ~the god of Entertainment~) * ''Sekai Marumie! TV Tokusoubu'' (世界まる見え!テレビ特捜部) * ''The! Tetsuwan! DASH!!'' (ザ!鉄腕!DASH!!) * ''Gyoretsu no dekiru Horitsu Sodanjo'' (行列の出来る法律相談所) * ''Shōten'' (笑点;the second longest running TV show in Japan, continuously broadcast since May 1966). * ''Gaki no tsukai'' (DownTown's ''Gaki no Tsukai ya Arahende!!'', ガキの使いやあらへんで!!) * ''Arashi no Shukudai-kun'' (嵐の宿題くん) * ''Cartoon KAT-TUN'' (カートゥンKAT-TUN, Kātūn Katūn?) * ''AKBingo!'' * ''Kyosen to Maetake no Geba Geba 90 pun'' (Gyosen x Maetake's Geba Geba 90 minutes 巨泉×前武ゲバゲバ90分!) * ''Karikyura Mashin'' (Curriculumachine カリキュラマシーン) * ''Music Lovers'' * ''God of Music'' (音楽の神様)

Former

* ''Family Wisdom of the Itos'' (伊東家の食卓) * ''Nazo o toke! Masaka no Mistery'' (謎を解け!まさかのミステリー) * ''Magical Zunou Power!!'' (マジカル頭脳パワー!!) (1990's) * ''Tokujo! Tensei Shingo'' (特上!天声慎吾) * ''Dotch Cooking Show'' (どっちの料理ショー, Yomiuri Telecastiong Corp.)

Sport

* Dramatic Game 1844 (Yomiuri Giants, baseball games) * Japanese Professional Wrestling ** All Japan Pro Wrestling (全日本プロレス, 1972–2000 – now under JAITS) ** Pro Wrestling Noah (プロレスリング・ノア, 2001–2009 – terrestrial, 2009–present – Nittele G+) ** Wrestle-1 ("Wrestle-1 Fighting Entertainment", 2014 – OUTBREAK, live special) ** Fortune KK (2014 – premiere show, live special) ** ''World Wonder Ring Stardom'' (2020–present) * Hakone Ekiden * Xerox Super Cup * All Japan High School Soccer Tournament * National Football League (NFL) * MotoGP * Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series (Nittele G+ only) * FIFA Club World Cup * UEFA Champions League * CONMEBOL Libertadores (Nittele G+ only) * Yokohama International Women's Marathon * Women's World Cup of Golf * World Ladies Championship Salonpas Cup * Japan LPGA Tour Championship * 2013–14 Ashes series

Movie industry

* 20th Century Fox * New Line Cinema * Colombia Pictures * Lionsgate * Universal Pictures * Warner Bros.

Animation

The company has intimate connections with Studio Ghibli, led by Hayao Miyazaki, and holds the exclusive rights to broadcast their motion pictures. It has also produced and broadcast popular anime series like ''My Hero Academia'', ''Claymore'', ''Death Note'', ''Hajime no Ippo'', as well as ''Detective Conan'' and ''Inuyasha'' (which are produced through its Osaka affiliate, Yomiuri TV). NTV produced the first, unsuccessful ''Doraemon'' anime in 1973; when the second, more successful ''Doraemon'' series premiered in 1979, it was on TV Asahi, which remains the franchise's broadcaster to this day. As of now, NTV is currently producing a second anime adaptation of ''Hunter × Hunter''. NTV has also been broadcasting the yearly ''Lupin III'' TV specials since 1989, which they co-produce with TMS Entertainment. Nippon Television announced on February 8, 2011, that it would make the anime studio Madhouse its subsidiary after becoming the primary stockholder at about 85%, via a third-party allocation of shares for about 1 billion yen (about US$12 million). On January 29, 2014, Nippon Television announced that it will purchase a 54.3% stake in Tatsunoko Production and adopt the studio as a subsidiary.

Special TV programs

* Kin-chan and Shingo Katori's All Japan Costume Grand Prix (欽ちゃん&香取慎吾の全日本仮装大賞) * 24 Hour Television, Love Saves the Earth (24時間テレビ「愛は地球を救う」, annual telethon on the TV stations of NNS) * Trans America Ultra Quiz (アメリカ横断ウルトラクイズ) ** All Japan High School Quiz Championship (全国高等学校クイズ選手権) * Nippon Television Music Festival (日本テレビ音楽祭)

See also

* Television in Japan * Japanese media * Hato no kyūjitsu (Dove's Day Off), NTV's station identification

References



External links

* *
Nittele G+ Official Site

News Zero

News Every

Nittele News 24
*
Collection of Nippon Television's Idents, Hato no Kyojitsu
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