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The designation of the oldest mosques in the world requires careful use of definitions, and must be divided into two parts, the oldest in the sense of oldest surviving building, and the oldest in the sense of oldest mosque congregation. Even here, there is the distinction between old
mosque A mosque (; from ar, مَسْجِد, masjid, ; literally "place of ritual prostration"), also called masjid, is a place of worship for Muslims. Any act of worship that follows the Salah, Islamic rules of prayer can be said to create a mosque, w ...

mosque
buildings that have been in continuous use as mosques, and those that have been converted to other purposes; and between buildings that have been in continuous use as mosques and those that were shuttered for many decades. In terms of congregations, they are distinguished between early established congregations that have been in continuous existence, and early congregations that ceased to exist. Note that the major regions, such as Africa and Eurasia, are sorted alphabetically, whereas the minor regions, such as Northeast and Northwest Africa in Africa, and Arabia and South Asia in Eurasia, are sorted by the dates in which their first mosques were reportedly established, more or less, barring those that are mentioned by name in the
Quran The Quran (, ; ar, القرآن , "the recitation"), also romanized Qur'an or Koran, is the central religious text Religious texts, also known as scripture, scriptures, holy writ, or holy books, are the texts which various religious t ...

Quran
. To be listed here a site must: *be the oldest mosque in a country, large city (top 50), or oldest of its type (denomination, architectural, etc.); *be the oldest congregation of its type (denomination).


Mentioned in the Quran

The following are treated as the oldest mosques or
sanctuaries violates Cassandra's sanctuary at the Palladium: tondo of an Attic cup, ca. 440–430 BCE A sanctuary, in its original meaning, is a sacred place, such as a shrine. By the use of such places as a haven, by extension the term has come to be u ...
mentioned in the
Quran The Quran (, ; ar, القرآن , "the recitation"), also romanized Qur'an or Koran, is the central religious text Religious texts, also known as scripture, scriptures, holy writ, or holy books, are the texts which various religious t ...

Quran
: Quran 17:1-7


Africa


Americas


Asia


Europe

} was built in the middle of the 11th century on the foundations of
Roman architecture Ancient Roman architecture adopted the external language of classical Greek architecture Ancient Greek architecture came from the Greeks, Greek-speaking people (''Hellenic'' people) whose Ancient Greece, culture flourished on the Gre ...
, located in the old Muslim neighborhood Arrabal de Francos. The building continued maintaining the
Islamic faith Faith, derived from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the ...
in Spain well beyond the
reconquista The ' (Portuguese Portuguese may refer to: * anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Portugal ** Portuguese cuisine, traditional foods ** Portuguese language, a Romance language *** Portuguese dialects, variants of the Portug ...

reconquista
of the city by the Christian troops of
Alfonso VI of León and Castile Alfonso VI (1 July 1109), nicknamed the Brave (El Bravo) or the Valiant, was king of León (10651072) and of Galicia (10711109), and then king of the reunited Castile and León (10721109). After the conquest of Toledo, Spain, Toledo in 1085, Alfons ...
in 1085, until the period of 1498–1505, when it was desacralizated by the
Catholic Monarchs The term Catholic Monarchs refers to Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon Aragon ( or , Spanish and an, Aragón , ca, Aragó ) is an autonomous communities of Spain, autonomous community in Spain, coextensive with th ...
. , - ,
Ribat of Arrifana The Ribat of Arrifana is situated in Aljezur in the Faro (district), Faro District of the Algarve in Portugal. It was a Muslim coastal fortress built around 1130 and is the only such Muslim fortress to have been identified in Portugal, having be ...
Archaeological site , ,
Aljezur Aljezur () is a municipality A municipality is usually a single having status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate. The term ''municipality'' may also mean the ...

Aljezur
,
Algarve The Algarve (, , , ) is the southernmost region of continental Portugal. It has an area of with 451,006 permanent inhabitants, and incorporates 16 municipalities (''concelho, concelho or município'' in Portuguese). The region has its admini ...

Algarve
, (then the
Almoravid dynasty The Almoravid dynasty ( ar, المرابطون, translit=Al-Murābiṭūn, lit=those from the ribat A ribāṭ ( ar, رِبَـاط; hospice, hostel, base or retreat) is an Arabic term for a small fortification built along a frontier during ...
) , , , Probably constructed by
Abu-l-Qasim Ahmad ibn al-Husayn ibn Qasi Abūʾl-Qāsim Aḥmad ibn al-Ḥusayn ibn Qasī (died 1151) was a Sufi, a rebel leader against the Almoravid dynasty in Al-Garb Al-Andalus and governor of Taifa of Silves, Silves for the Almohads. The main sources for his life are Ibn al-Abbār, ...
, governor of Silves and a rebel leader against the
Almoravid dynasty The Almoravid dynasty ( ar, المرابطون, translit=Al-Murābiṭūn, lit=those from the ribat A ribāṭ ( ar, رِبَـاط; hospice, hostel, base or retreat) is an Arabic term for a small fortification built along a frontier during ...
. These are the only ruins of such Muslim fortress to have been identified in Portugal, excavated by Portuguese archaeologists since 2001. , - , Church of Nossa Senhora da Anunciação , ,
Mértola
Mértola
,
Alentejo The Alentejo ( , ) is a geographical, historical and cultural region of south central and southern Portugal. In Portuguese, its name means "beyond () the Tagus river" (''Tejo''). The Alentejo includes the regions of Alto Alentejo Province, Alto ...

Alentejo
, (then the
Almohad Caliphate The Almohad Caliphate (: ; from ar, المُوَحِّدون, translit=al-Muwaḥḥidūn, lit=those who profess the unity of God) was a n empire founded in the 12th century. At its height, it controlled much of the () and (the ). The Almoh ...

Almohad Caliphate
) , , , Unique and most identifiable former mosque in Portugal, although a mixture of Almohad and
Manueline The Manueline ( pt, estilo manuelino, ), occasionally known as Portuguese late Gothic, is the sumptuous, composite Portuguese architectural style originating in the 16th century, during the Portuguese Renaissance The Portuguese Renaissance refe ...
post-
Gothic architecture Gothic architecture (or pointed architecture) is an architectural style An architectural style is a set of characteristics and features that make a building or other structure notable or historically identifiable. It is a sub-class of sty ...
. Rebuilt in the second half of 12th century with some elements from the 9th century. , - ,
Giralda The Giralda ( es, La Giralda ) is the bell tower of Seville Cathedral in Seville, Spain. It was built as the minaret for the Great Mosque of Seville in al-Andalus, Moorish Spain, during the reign of the Almohad dynasty, with a Renaissance-style to ...

Giralda
, ,
Seville Seville (; es, Sevilla, Castilian Spanish , Andalusian Spanish (with yeísmo) ) is the capital and largest city of the Spain, Spanish autonomous communities of Spain, autonomous community of Andalusia and the province of Seville. It is situate ...

Seville
,
Andalusia Andalusia (, ; es, Andalucía ) is the southernmost autonomous community eu, autonomia erkidegoa ca, comunitat autònoma gl, comunidade autónoma oc, comunautat autonòma an, comunidat autonoma ast, comunidá autónoma , alt_name ...
, (then the
Almohad Caliphate The Almohad Caliphate (: ; from ar, المُوَحِّدون, translit=al-Muwaḥḥidūn, lit=those who profess the unity of God) was a n empire founded in the 12th century. At its height, it controlled much of the () and (the ). The Almoh ...

Almohad Caliphate
) , 1248 , , Only the minaret remains. Mosque comparable in size to Great mosque of Cordoba, mostly destroyed by earthquake in 1365. Minaret used as a church bell tower was built higher in 16th century. , - , Church of São Clemente , ,
Tavira Tavira () is a Portuguese town and municipality, capital of the ''Costa do Acantilado'', situated in the east of the Algarve on the south coast of Portugal. It is east of Faro, Portugal, Faro and west of Huelva across the ''Río Grande'' (Rio Gua ...

Tavira
,
Algarve The Algarve (, , , ) is the southernmost region of continental Portugal. It has an area of with 451,006 permanent inhabitants, and incorporates 16 municipalities (''concelho, concelho or município'' in Portuguese). The region has its admini ...

Algarve
, (then the
Kingdom of Portugal The Kingdom of Portugal ( la, Regnum Portugalliae, pt, Reino de Portugal) was a monarchy A monarchy is a form of government in which a person, the monarch A monarch is a head of stateWebster's II New College DictionarMonarch Hou ...
) , , , Only parts of the original minaret remain, incorporated in the church bell tower. It's 22.7 metres tall and 4.2 metres across. Across it lies an old Muslim cemetery of Jardim dos Amuados. , - , Mosque of Tórtoles , ,
Tarazona Tarazona is a town and municipality in the Tarazona y el Moncayo comarca, province of Zaragoza Zaragoza, also known in English as Saragossa, is the capital city of the Province of Zaragoza, Zaragoza province and of the autonomous communities of ...

Tarazona
,
Aragon Aragon ( or , Spanish and an, Aragón , ca, Aragó ) is an autonomous community eu, autonomia erkidegoa ca, comunitat autònoma gl, comunidade autónoma oc, comunautat autonòma an, comunidat autonoma ast, comunidá autónoma , alt_n ...

Aragon
, (then the
Crown of Aragon The Crown of Aragon (; an, Corona d'Aragón; ca, Corona d'Aragó; es, Corona de Aragón)' ()' (, , )' ()' (). was a composite monarchy A composite monarchy (or composite state) is a historical category, introduced by H. G. Koenigsberger ...
) , (completed) , , Almost unaltered in the later centuries. , - , San Sebastian Minaret (Alminar De San Sebastian) , ,
Ronda Ronda () is a town in the Spanish province of Málaga. It is located about west of the city of Málaga, within the Autonomous communities of Spain, autonomous community of Andalusia. Its population is about 35,000 inhabitants. Ronda is known fo ...

Ronda
,
Andalusia Andalusia (, ; es, Andalucía ) is the southernmost autonomous community eu, autonomia erkidegoa ca, comunitat autònoma gl, comunidade autónoma oc, comunautat autonòma an, comunidat autonoma ast, comunidá autónoma , alt_name ...
, (then the
Almohad Caliphate The Almohad Caliphate (: ; from ar, المُوَحِّدون, translit=al-Muwaḥḥidūn, lit=those who profess the unity of God) was a n empire founded in the 12th century. At its height, it controlled much of the () and (the ). The Almoh ...

Almohad Caliphate
) , Only minaret of the medium-size mosque in Plaza Abul Beka neighborhood remains. Minaret was expanded and used as a bell tower. The mosque was converted to a church but destroyed in 1600s during Morisco Revolts. Ronda was a Muslim city for 700 years. The city had 7 or 8 mosques, none survive today. , , - , Alminar de San Juan (Minaret of San Juan) ,


Oceania


See also

*
List of oldest minarets 250x250px, The oldest minaret still preserved in the Great Mosque of Kairouan, Tunisia., alt= This article lists some but by no means all of the oldest known minaret Minaret (; fa, گل‌دسته ', az, minarə, tr, minare,List of tallest minarets This is a list of the tallest minarets in the world. It ranks minarets by their height. The tallest minaret in the world is the minaret of the Djamaa el Djazaïr in Algiers, Algeria which stands at 265 metres (870 ft). The tallest minaret in ...
*
Holiest sites in Islam The four holiest sites in Islam are: the Kaaba (inside the Masjid al-Haram) in Mecca as the holiest of the four, followed by Al-Masjid an-Nabawi in Medina, the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem and the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus; these sites are accep ...
*
Islamic architecture Islamic architecture comprises the architectural styles of buildings associated with Islam. It encompasses both secular and religious styles from the early history of Islam to the present day. Islamic architecture developed to fulfill Islamic reli ...
* List of mosques in India ** Congregational mosque **
List of largest mosques This article lists mosque A mosque (; from ar, مَسْجِد, masjid, ; literally "place of ritual prostration"), also called masjid, is a place of worship for Muslims. Any act of worship that follows the Salah, Islamic rules of prayer can ...
**
List of mosques This is an incomplete list of some of the more famous mosques around the world The world is the Earth and all life on it, including civilization, human civilization. In a philosophical context, the "world" is the whole of the physical Uni ...
* List of oldest known surviving buildings *
List of oldest church buildings This article lists some but by no means all of the oldest known Church (building), church buildings in the world. In most instances, buildings listed here were reconstructed numerous times and only fragments of the original buildings have survived. ...
* List of oldest synagogues


Notes


References


External links


International Architecture database

Al-Masjid al-Haram and al-Masjid al-Aqsa as the First and Second Mosques on Earth
{{Religion-related lists of superlative buildings Historic preservation *Mosques Mosque architecture Religion-related lists of superlatives Oldest