HOME

TheInfoList




A liberal arts college or liberal arts institution of higher education is a
college A college (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share" or "to be in rel ...

college
with an emphasis on
undergraduate Undergraduate education ieducationconducted after secondary education and prior to postgraduate education. It typically includes all postsecondary programs up to the level of a bachelor's degree. For example, in the United States, an entry-level ...
study in the
liberal arts Liberal arts education (from Latin "free" and "art or principled practice") is the traditional academic program in Western higher education. ''Liberal arts'' takes the term ''Art (skill), art'' in the sense of a learned skill rather than spec ...
and
science Science () is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge Knowledge is a familiarity or awareness, of someone or something, such as facts A fact is something that is truth, true. The usual test for a statement of ...
s. Such colleges aim to impart a broad general knowledge and develop general intellectual capacities, in contrast to a professional, vocational, or technical curriculum. Students in a liberal arts college generally major in a particular discipline while receiving exposure to a wide range of academic subjects, including sciences as well as the traditional
humanities Humanities are academic disciplines An academic discipline or academic field is a subdivision of knowledge Knowledge is a familiarity or awareness, of someone or something, such as facts A fact is an occurrence in the real world. ...

humanities
subjects taught as liberal arts. Although it draws on European antecedents, the liberal arts college is strongly associated with American higher education, and most liberal arts colleges around the world draw explicitly on the American model. There is no formal definition of liberal arts college, but one American authority defines them as schools that "emphasize undergraduate education and award at least half of their degrees in the liberal arts fields of study." Other researchers have adopted similar definitions. Although many liberal arts colleges are exclusively undergraduate, some also offer
graduate Graduate refers to someone who has been the subject of a graduation, namely, someone who has completed the requirements of an academic degree. Education * Graduate, an alumnus * Graduate diploma, generally a postgraduate qualification, although ...
programs that lead to a
master's degree A master's degree (from Latin ) is an academic degree awarded by University, universities or colleges upon completion of a course of study demonstrating mastery or a high-order overview of a specific field of study or area of Profession, professio ...
or
doctoral degree A doctorate (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share" or "to be i ...

doctoral degree
in subjects such as
business administration Business administration (also known as business management) is the administration Administration may refer to: Management of organizations * Management Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization An organizat ...
,
nursing Nursing is a profession within the health care Healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health Health is a state of physical, mental and social well-being Well-being, also known as ''wellness'', ''prudential value'' or ''qua ...

nursing
,
medicine Medicine is the science Science () is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge Knowledge is a familiarity, awareness, or understanding of someone or something, such as facts ( descriptive knowledge), skills (proced ...

medicine
, and
law Law is a system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of rules to form a unified whole. A system, surrounded and influenced by its environment, is described by its bounda ...
. Similarly, although the term "liberal arts college" most commonly refers to an independent institution, it may also sometimes refer to a
university college In a number of countries, a university college is a college A college (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication ...
within or affiliated with a larger university. Most liberal arts colleges outside the United States follow this model.


Distinguishing characteristics

Liberal arts colleges are distinguished from other types of higher education chiefly by their generalist curricula and small size. These attributes have various secondary effects in terms of administration as well as student experience. For example,
class size Class size refers to the number of students a teacher faces during a given period of instruction. Measurements and definitions Some researchers and policymakers have studied the effects of class size by using student-teacher ratio (or its r ...
is usually much lower at liberal arts colleges than at universities, and faculty at liberal arts colleges typically focus on teaching more than research. From a student perspective, a liberal arts college typically differs from other forms of higher education in the following areas: higher overall student satisfaction, a general feeling that professors take a personal interest in the student's education, and perception of encouragement to participate in discussion. Many students select liberal arts colleges with precisely this sense of personal connection in mind. From an administrative standpoint, the small size of liberal arts colleges contributes to their cohesion and ability to survive through difficult times. Job satisfaction is also typically higher in liberal arts colleges, for both faculty and staff. The smaller size also makes it feasible for liberal arts colleges to adopt relatively experimental or divergent approaches, such as the
Great Books A classic is a book A book is a medium for recording information Information is processed, organised and structured data Data (; ) are individual facts, statistics, or items of information, often numeric. In a more technica ...

Great Books
curriculum at St. John's or Shimer, or the radically
interdisciplinary Interdisciplinarity or interdisciplinary studies involves the combination of two or more academic disciplines into one activity (e.g., a research project). It draws knowledge from several other fields like sociology, anthropology, psychology, ...
curriculum of Marlboro. In addition, most liberal arts colleges are primarily residential, which means students live and learn away from home, often for the first time. The distinctiveness of these attributes is somewhat eroded by the tendency of universities to adopt aspects of the liberal arts college, and vice versa. For example, several American universities, including the
University of California The University of California (UC) is a public university, public Land-grant university, land-grant research university, research university system in the U.S. state of California. The system is composed of the campuses at University of Califor ...
system, have experimented with a
cluster colleges Consortium Linking Universities of Science and Technology for Education and Research (CLUSTER) is a collection of twelve European universities which focus on science and engineering. There are joint programs and student exchanges held between the ...
model in which small liberal-arts-college-like units within a larger university form a "honeycomb of
residential college A residential college is a division of a university A university () is an educational institution, institution of higher education, higher (or Tertiary education, tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in several Disciplin ...
s". In addition, some universities have maintained a sub-unit that preserves many aspects of the liberal arts college, such as Columbia College within Columbia University. Liberal arts colleges themselves sometimes cluster to offer greater curricular breadth or share other resources (for instance
Colgate University Colgate University is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly two de ...
and
Hamilton College Hamilton College is a Private college, private Liberal arts colleges in the United States, liberal arts college in Clinton, Oneida County, New York, Clinton, New York. It was founded as Hamilton-Oneida Academy in 1793 and was chartered as Hamilt ...
in New York allow cross enrollment).


Liberal arts and liberal arts college

In academia, liberal arts generally refer to subjects or skills that aim to provide general knowledge and comprise the arts, humanities, natural sciences, and social sciences (rather than professional or technical skills). Most liberal arts colleges, however, also offer courses in subjects that are not traditionally considered part of the liberal arts, such as computer science.


Globally

Liberal arts colleges are found in all parts of the world. Notwithstanding the European origins of the concept of liberal arts education, today the term is largely associated with the United States, and most self-identified liberal arts colleges worldwide are built on the American model. The Global Liberal Arts Alliance, which incorporates institutions on five continents, refers to itself as "an international, multilateral partnership of American style liberal arts institutions." In 2009, liberal arts colleges from around the world formed the
Global Liberal Arts Alliance The Global Liberal Arts Alliance is an association of liberal arts college A liberal arts college or liberal arts institution of higher education is a college A college (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical l ...
, an international consortium and "matching service" to help liberal arts colleges in different countries deal with their shared problems.


In North America

The liberal arts college model took root in the United States in the 19th century, as institutions spread that followed the model of early schools like
Harvard Harvard University is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly t ...
,
Yale Yale University is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly two ...
, and Dartmouth, although none of these early American schools are regarded as liberal arts colleges today. These colleges served as a means of spreading a basically European cultural model across the new country. The model proliferated in the 19th century; some 212 small liberal arts colleges were established between 1850 and 1899. As of 1987, there were about 540 liberal arts colleges in the United States. The oldest liberal arts college in America is considered to be
Washington College Washington College is a private liberal arts college A liberal arts college or liberal arts institution of higher education is a college A college (Latin: ''collegium'') is an educational institution or a University system, constituent p ...
, the first college chartered after American independence. Other prominent examples in the United States include the so-called Little Ivy colleges in
New England New England is a region comprising six states in the Northeastern United States The Northeastern United States (also referred to as the American Northeast, the Northeast, and the East Coast) is a geographical region In geography ...

New England
, the surviving predominantly female Seven Sisters colleges along the northeastern seaboard, the
Claremont Colleges The Claremont Colleges (known colloquially as the 7Cs) are a consortium A consortium (plural: consortia) is an association Association may refer to: *Club (organization), an association of two or more people united by a common interest or ...
in
Southern California Southern California (sometimes known as SoCal; es, Sur de California) is a geographic and cultural region that generally comprises the southern portion of the U.S. state of California California is a in the . With over 39.3million resi ...

Southern California
, and the Ohio Five, but similar institutions are found all over the country. Most are private institutions, but a handful of public liberal arts schools exist (such as the
University of Mary Washington The University of Mary Washington (UMW) is a public university #REDIRECT Public university #REDIRECT Public university#REDIRECT Public university A public university or public college is a university or college that is in state ownership or ...
in Fredericksburg, Virginia and New Saint Andrews College in Moscow, Idaho). According to ''
U.S. News & World Report ''U.S. News & World Report'' is an American media company that publishes news, opinion, consumer advice, rankings, and analysis. Founded as a news magazine in 1933, ''U.S. News'' transitioned to primarily web-based publishing in 2010, although it ...
'', the top ten ranked Liberal Arts Colleges in America for 2020, by alphabetical order, are:
Amherst College Amherst College ( ) is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly two ...
,
Bowdoin College Bowdoin College ( ) is a Private college, private liberal arts colleges in the United States, liberal arts college in Brunswick, Maine, Brunswick, Maine. At the time Bowdoin was chartered, in 1794, Maine was still a part of the Commonwealth of M ...
,
Carleton College Carleton College ( ) is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly two ...
,
Claremont McKenna College Claremont McKenna College (CMC) is a private liberal arts college A liberal arts college or liberal arts institution of higher education is a college A college (Latin: ''collegium'') is an educational institution or a University system, c ...
,
Hamilton College Hamilton College is a Private college, private Liberal arts colleges in the United States, liberal arts college in Clinton, Oneida County, New York, Clinton, New York. It was founded as Hamilton-Oneida Academy in 1793 and was chartered as Hamilt ...
,
Middlebury College Middlebury College is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly two de ...
,
Pomona College Pomona College ( ) is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly tw ...
,
Swarthmore College Swarthmore College ( , ) is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearl ...
, the
United States Naval Academy The United States Naval Academy (USNA, Annapolis, or simply Navy) is a federal service academy adjacent to Annapolis Annapolis ( ) is the capital of the U.S. state of , as well as the of . Situated on the at the mouth of the , south ...

United States Naval Academy
,
Washington & Lee University , mottoeng = "Not Unmindful of the Future" , established = , type = Private university, Private , endowment = $1.63 billion (2020)As of June 30, 2020. , president = William C. Dudley , provost = Marc Conner , city = Lexington, Virginia, ...
,
Wellesley College Wellesley College is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly two ...

Wellesley College
, and
Williams College Williams College is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly two ...
. Liberal arts colleges are also found in Canada, including
Acadia University Acadia University is a public, predominantly undergraduate university A university ( la, universitas, 'a whole') is an educational institution, institution of higher education, higher (or Tertiary education, tertiary) education and research w ...
,
Bishop's University Bishop's University (french: Université Bishop's) is a small Liberal arts college/university in Lennoxville, a borough of Sherbrooke Sherbrooke (; ; ) is a city in southern Quebec ) , image_map = Quebec in Canada 2.svg ...
,
Mount Allison University Mount Allison University (also Mount A or MtA) is a Canadian primarily undergraduate liberal arts university located in Sackville, New Brunswick. It has been ranked the top undergraduate university in the country 21 times in the past 29 years by ...
,
Nipissing University , mottoeng = Spirit of Integrity , established = , former_names = Northeastern University (1960-1967), Nipissing College (1967-1992) , type = Public University A public university or public college is a university or college that i ...
,
St. Francis Xavier University St. Francis Xavier University is a public undergraduate liberal arts university located in Antigonish, Nova Scotia Antigonish (; gd, Am Baile Mòr, ) is a town in Antigonish County, Nova Scotia, Antigonish County, Nova Scotia, Canada. The town ...

St. Francis Xavier University
, and St. Thomas University.


In South America

The leading organization is the National Institute of Educators of Liberal Arts and Artistic Education "Instituto Nacional Superior del Profesorado" located in
Buenos Aires Buenos Aires ( or ; ), officially Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or cap ...

Buenos Aires
, Argentina. From 1983 to 2013 the institute was part of the IUNA National University Institute for the Arts, and since 2014, the Ruanova Institute of Performing Arts and Higher Education became part of the UNA Universidad Nacional de las Artes, (UNA) National University of the Arts The Ministry of Culture also released a DVD on the life and artistic work of various creators including the dancer María Ruanova.


In Europe

With the exception of pioneering institutions such as
Franklin University Switzerland Franklin University Switzerland is a nonprofit A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operated for a collective, public or soci ...
, established as a Europe-based, US-style liberal arts college in 1969, Saint Louis University Madrid Campus, established in 1967, and
Richmond, The American International University in London Richmond, The American International University in London, is a private university Private universities and private colleges are usually not operated by governments, although many receive tax breaks Tax break also known as tax preferences, ...
, established in 1972 only recently have efforts been made to import the American liberal arts college model to continental Europe. In the Netherlands, universities have opened constituent liberal arts colleges under the terminology "
university college In a number of countries, a university college is a college A college (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication ...
" since the late 1990s. This trend was spearheaded by Dutch sociologist Hans Adriaansens, who was "frustrated with the large-scale climate of university education in the Netherlands". Dutch university colleges of this kind include
Leiden University College The Hague Leiden University College The Hague is part of the Faculty of Governance and Global Affairs of Leiden University Leiden University (commonly abbreviated as LEI; nl, Universiteit Leiden) is a public university, public research university in Leide ...
,
University College Utrecht University College Utrecht (UCU) provides English-language Liberal Arts and Sciences undergraduate education. Founded in 1998, as the first university college in the Netherlands, it is part of Utrecht University Utrecht University (UU; nl, Uni ...
,
University College Maastricht University College Maastricht (UCM) is an English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval England, which has eventually become the World language, le ...
,
Amsterdam University College Amsterdam University College (AUC) is a public liberal arts college A liberal arts college or liberal arts institution of higher education is a college A college (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical langua ...

Amsterdam University College
,
University College Roosevelt University College Roosevelt (UCR), formerly known as Roosevelt Academy (RA), is a small, honors undergraduate liberal arts and science college located in Middelburg in the Netherlands and the sole university in Zeeland , nl, Ik worste ...
, Erasmus University College,
University College Groningen
University College Groningen
and University College Tilburg. Other liberal arts colleges in continental Europe include
Bratislava International School of Liberal ArtsThe Bratislava International School of Liberal Arts (BISLA), located in the Old Town, Bratislava, Old Town of Bratislava, Slovakia, is the first liberal arts college in Central Europe. A private, accredited three-year degree-granting undergraduate in ...
in Slovakia,
Jacobs University Bremen Jacobs University Bremen (abbreviated JU Bremen or JU) is an international, private, residential, doctorate-granting research university A research university is a university A university ( la, universitas, 'a whole') is an educational instit ...
, Bard College Berlin, the
Leuphana University of Lüneburg Leuphana University Lüneburg is a public university in Lüneburg Lüneburg (officially the ''Hanseatic City of Lüneburg'', German: ''Hansestadt Lüneburg'', , Low German ''Lümborg'', Latin ''Luneburgum'' or ''Lunaburgum'', Old High German '' ...
with their Bachelor program Studium Individuale and the University College Freiburg in Germany. Bard College Berlin was founded in Berlin in 1999 as the European College of Liberal Arts, and in 2009 it introduced a 4-year Bachelor of Arts program in Value Studies taught in English and leading to an interdisciplinary degree in the humanities. Although liberal arts colleges as such remain rare, liberal arts degree programs are beginning to establish themselves in Europe. For example, University College Dublin offers the degree, as does St. Marys University College Belfast, both institutions coincidentally on the island of Ireland. In 2010 the University of Winchester introduced its Modern Liberal Arts undergraduate program, the first of its kind in the UK. In 2012,
University College London University College London, which Trade name, operates as UCL, is a major public university , public research university located in London, United Kingdom. UCL is a Member institutions of the University of London, member institution of the Federa ...
began its interdisciplinary Arts and Sciences BASc degree (which has kinship with the liberal arts model) with 80 students. King's College London launched the BA Liberal Arts, which has a slant towards arts, humanities and social sciences subjects. The New College of the Humanities also launched a new liberal education programme. The four-year bachelor's degree in Liberal Arts and Sciences at University College Freiburg is the first of its kind in Germany. It started in October 2012 with 78 students. The first Liberal Arts degree program in Sweden was established at Gothenburg University in 2011, followed by a Liberal Arts Bachelor Programme at Uppsala University's Campus Gotland in the autumn of 2013. Liberal arts colleges in Italy include John Cabot University and The American University of Rome in Rome. The University College of North Staffordshire, founded in 1950 in the United Kingdom, was frequently referred to as the "Keele Experiment" because of its innovative curriculum and emphasis on a scholarly community resident together on campus. The college became Keele University in 1962 and continues to reflect many features of the liberal arts college model. It has been described as the closest example of a liberal arts college in the UK. This distinctiveness will be reinforced with the opening of the new Keele Institute of Liberal Arts and Sciences in 2016. From September 2016 Chavagnes Studium, a Liberal Arts centre in France will be offering a 2-year intensive BA in the Liberal Arts with a distinctively Catholic perspective.


In Asia

Lingnan University (Hong Kong), Lingnan University in Hong Kong was established as a liberal arts college in the early 20th century, although it subsequently became a full-fledged university. Ginling College in Nanjing similarly followed the model of an American liberal arts college from its founding in 1915 until forced to conform with the Nationalist educational system in the 1930s. In Zhuhai City, Hong Kong Baptist University and Beijing Normal University opened United International College, which adopted the liberal arts college education system. International Christian University in Tokyo, which opened in 1953, defines itself as "Japan's first liberal arts college." Yale-NUS College was started in 2011 as Singapore's first liberal arts college as a collaboration between Yale University in the United States and the National University of Singapore. It attracted controversy over concerns that Yale was compromising on its liberal values by opening a college in a country where there are strong curbs on freedom of speech and assembly, with Yale faculty members expressing their "concern regarding the history of lack of respect for civil and political rights in the state of Singapore”. In response, many existing faculty and students have noted that there has been little repression of freedom of expression at the college and that it provides a great opportunity to promote the liberal arts in Asia. In August 2021, NUS announced the closure of Yale-NUS College, with the Class of 2025 being the last cohort to receive an NUS degree. It will be replaced by 'New College', a merger between Yale-NUS College and the NUS University Scholars Programme. Kalayaan College in the Philippines is one of the best examples of a liberal arts college in the country. Located in the New Manila district of Quezon City, it was founded in 2000 by former educators from the University of the Philippines led by Dr. José Abueva, President of the University from 1987 to 1993 and current Chairman of the KC Board of Trustees. It offers the same kind of education provided by UP to qualified students who are unable to enter the country's premier state university because of its limited college quotas. The curriculum and grading system are patterned after the academic programs and the grade structure offered by the University of the Philippines and is composed of administrators and faculty members who graduated from UP, and/or are also members of the UP academic community. Sogang University was founded as South Korea's first liberal arts college. In 1960, Jesuits founded Sogang College. Although, it became Sogang University in 1970, it is still following model of American liberal arts college in many aspects. Seoul National University in South Korea established the College of Liberal Studies in 2007, initially as an educational project. However, after being established as a proper college in the SNU, it has become the only college that allows students to create their own major. Liberal arts colleges in South Asia include Ajeenkya DY Patil University in Pune, India, Forman Christian College in Lahore, Pakistan, Habib University in Karachi, Pakistan and FLAME University in Pune, Maharashtra, India, referred to as India's 'first college of Liberal Education'. The University is a member of the Global Liberal Arts Alliance has also recently signed a Memorandum of Understanding (Memorandum of understanding, MoU) with Nuffield College, Oxford, Nuffield College, University of Oxford. Also, Ahmedabad University, a private, non-profit university offers its students a liberal education which is focused on research and interdisciplinary learning''.''


In the Middle East

The liberal arts model has traditionally not been part of the educational landscape in the Middle East or North Africa. Baghdad College has offered a liberal arts curriculum since the early 20th century, but despite its name it has never offered more than a Secondary school, high school education. Effat University in Saudi Arabia, a women's institution, is a member of the Global Liberal Arts Alliance. The first liberal arts college in the Middle East is generally considered to be Shalem College in Israel, established in 2013.


In Africa

Three institutions in Africa are members of the Global Liberal Arts Alliance: Al Akhawayn University in Morocco, American University of Cairo in Egypt, and American University of Nigeria. The Egyptian and Nigerian schools are universities with a liberal arts component, but Al Akhawayn was founded on the model of an American liberal arts college. Ashesi University is a liberal arts college located in Berekuso, Ghana, established in 2002. The school's president, Patrick Awuah, described the school's mission as "educating a new generation of leaders in Africa who think ethically and who are problem solvers and have the ability and the desire to confront problems on the continent."


In Australia

Campion College is a Roman Catholic dedicated liberal arts college located in the western suburbs of Sydney. Founded in 2006, it is the first tertiary educational liberal arts college of its kind in Australia. Campion offers a Bachelor of Arts in the Liberal Arts as its sole undergraduate degree. The key disciplines studied are history, literature, philosophy and theology. The Millis Institute is the School of Liberal Arts at Christian Heritage College located in Brisbane. It offers a Bachelor of Arts in Liberal Arts in which students can choose to major in Philosophy, Theology, History or Literature. A new School of Liberal Arts has been formed in the University of Wollongong; the new Arts course entitled 'Western Civilisation' was first offered in 2020. The interdisciplinary curriculum focuses on the classic intellectual and artistic literature of the Western culture, Western tradition. Courses in the liberal arts have also been developed at the University of Sydney and University of Notre Dame Australia, University of Notre Dame.


Lists of schools

* List of liberal arts colleges * List of liberal arts colleges in the United States


See also

* Liberal arts education * Bachelor of Liberal Arts * College of Arts and Sciences * Liberal arts colleges in the United States


References


Works cited

* * * *


Further reading

* Morris, Edward.
The Lindenwood Model: An Antidote for What Ails Undergraduate Education
'. University Press (2007) * Pfnister, Allen O.
The Role of the Liberal Arts College
" ''The Journal of Higher Education''. Vol. 55, No. 2 (March/April 1984): 145–170. * Reeves, Floyd W.
The Liberal-Arts College
" ''The Journal of Higher Education''. Vol. 1, No. 7 (1930): 373–380. * Seidel, George.
Saving the Small College
" ''The Journal of Higher Education''. Vol. 39, No. 6 (1968): 339–342.


External links


Global Liberal Arts Alliance

Council of Public Liberal Arts Colleges

Consortium of Liberal Arts Colleges

How many (U.S.) colleges and universities have closed since 2016?
A list maintained b
Education Drive
and updated in real time. {{DEFAULTSORT:Liberal Arts College Liberal arts colleges, Universities and colleges in the United States Types of university or college