James Gamble (3 April 1803 – 29 April 1891) was an Irish-American soap industrialist.
He was the co-founder of Procter & Gamble
Company in 1837, along with William Procter
James Gamble was born at the Graan near Enniskillen
in County Fermanagh, Ireland and went to Portora Royal School
Gamble emigrated to America with his parents in 1819. He arrived in Cincinnati
, Ohio, on a flat boat down the Ohio River destined for Illinois. His family stopped in Cincinnati when he was seized with an illness. Staying in the city, his father established a nursery and Gamble apprenticed as a soap maker. He attended Kenyon College
, graduated in 1824, and manufactured soap on his own in 1828.
Procter & Gamble
Gamble went into business with William Procter
after they became related by marriage. Gamble's wife Elizabeth Ann Norris was the sister of Procter's wife Olivia Norris. The pair's father-in-law, Alexander Norris, first suggested that the two go into business together in 1837 and consequently Procter & Gamble
Gamble died at his residence in Cincinnati on 29 April 1891 from natural causes.
He is interred in Spring Grove Cemetery
Procter, who preceded his partner Gamble in death, is also buried at Spring Grove Cemetery.
Gamble and Elizabeth Ann (Norris) Gamble had ten children,
including James Norris Gamble (9 August 1836 – 2 July 1932) who became Vice President of Procter & Gamble and was the chemist who devised the formula for Ivory soap
James Norris Gamble married Margaret Penrose; he died in his sleep on 2 July 1932 in Cincinnati and is interred in Spring Grove Cemetery.
Gamble's grandson William married Franzeska Wilhelmina (Fanny) Nast, the daughter of the William Nast
, a German-American Methodist
preacher. Fanny was the first woman to graduate from German Wallace College
in Berea, Ohio
History of P>yphoid Mary and other curiosities in Irish biography
Category:British emigrants to the United States
Category:Burials at Spring Grove Cemetery
Category:Irish emigrants to the United States (before 1923)
Category:Kenyon College alumni
Category:Businesspeople from Cincinnati
Category:People from Enniskillen
Category:American people of Scotch-Irish descent
Category:People educated at Portora Royal School
Category:Procter & Gamble people
Category:American company founders
Category:Irish company founders
Category:19th-century American businesspeople