The Innere Stadt (; Central Bavarian
: ''Innare Stod'') is the 1st municipal District of Vienna
() located in the center of the Austria
n capital. The Innere Stadt is the old town
. Until the city boundaries were expanded in 1850, the Innere Stadt was congruent with the city of Vienna. Traditionally it was divided into four quarters, which were designated after important town gates: ''Stubenviertel'' (northeast), ''Kärntner Viertel'' (southeast), ''Widmerviertel'' (southwest), ''Schottenviertel'' (northwest).
circles the Innere Stadt along the route of the former city walls
The first district is, with a workforce of 100,745, the largest employment locale in Vienna. This is partially due to tourism, as well as the presence of many corporate headquarters due to the district's central location.
Innere Stadt is the central district of Vienna. It borders Leopoldstadt
in the northeast, Landstraße
in the east, Wieden
in the south, Neubau
in the west, and Alsergrund
in the north. The district border, starting at Urania, follows Wienfluss, Lothringerstraße, Karlsplatz, Gedreidemarkt, Museumsplatz, Museumstraße, Auerspergstraße, Landesgerichtsstraße, Universitätsstraße, Maria-Theresien-Straße and the Donaukanal.
Before 1850, Innere Stadt was physically equivalent with the city of Vienna. See History of Vienna
for details about the history of Vindobona and Vienna, as well as historical significance after 1850.
On November 2nd, 2020, a shooting
occurred in the municipality at 6 locations, killing 4 people and injuring 22 at 20:00.
Places of interest
* Hofburg Imperial Palace
* Kärntner Straße
* Lutheran City Church
* Museum of Art History
* Museum of Natural History
* Maria am Gestade
* Palais Ephrussi
(a plague column
* Rathaus, Vienna
* Stadtpark, Vienna
* Vienna State Opera
* Parliament Building
* Palace of Justice
* Main Building of the University of Vienna
Population has been declining ever since its peak of 73,000 in 1880, until it hit the lowest recorded value of 17,000 in 2001. Although population has been increasing slightly since then, Innere Stadt continues to remain the least populated district in Vienna.
In 2001, 28.1% of the district's population was over 60 years of age, above the city average of 22.2%. The percentage of people under 15 years of age was 9.8%. The female population of 53.3% was also above city average.
Origin and language
At 15.5%, the percentage of foreign residents in Innere Stadt was 2% under city average for the year 2001. 2.8% of the population had EU Citizenship (Germany excluded), 2.7% were citizens of Serbia
, and 2.2% were German
citizens. In total, 25.6% of the population were born in a foreign country. 79% of residents listed German as their language of choice. 4.0% spoke primarily Serbian
, 1.8% Hungarian
, and 1.4% Croatian
. 14.3% spoke other languages.
s made up 51.3% of the Innere Stadt population in 2001, followed by 6.6% Protestant
s, 5.1% Orthodox Christians
, 3.3% Jews
. 22.7% were listed as non-confessional.
The ''Bezirksvorsteher'' (District Director) has been a member of the conservative ÖVP
party since 1946. Former Bezirksvorsteher Ursula Stenzel
has spoken out against holding events in the inner city
, citing concerns regarding noise pollution. Her comments have drawn criticism from other parties, especially the social democratic SPÖ
Coat of arms
The first district's coat of arms is a white cross on a red background. It is also the coat of arms for the City of Vienna and the State of Vienna. The current coat of arms dates back to around 1270, when it first appeared on the minted "Wiener Pfennige" coins. It may have been based on the flag of the King of the Romans
' forces during the Middle Ages
, as the combat flag of Rudolph I of Germany
featured a similar design.
:''arts of this article were translated from German Wikipedia.
* "Wien - 1. Bezirk - Innere Stadt", Wien.gv.at, 2008, webpage (15 subpages)Wien.gv.at-innerestadt
* Grabovszki, Ernst: ''Innere Stadt, Wien, 1. Bezirk''. Verlag Sutton, Erfurt 2002,
*History of Innere Stadt
at the City of Vienna homepage.
for inclusion of Vienna inner district into world cultural heritage list.
*General information about Innere Stadt
from the Green party.
*Historical core of Vienna
Category:Districts of Vienna
Category:World Heritage Sites in Vienna