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Hong Kong Island is an
island An island (or isle) is an isolated piece of habitat that is surrounded by a dramatically different habitat, such as water. Very small islands such as emergent land features on atoll An atoll (), sometimes known as a coral atoll, is ...
in the southern part of
Hong Kong Hong Kong (; , ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR), is a and of China on the eastern in . With over 7.5 million residents of various nationalities in a territory, Hong ...

Hong Kong
. It has a population of 1,289,500 and its population density is 16,390/km2, . The island had a population of about 3,000 inhabitants scattered in a dozen fishing villages when it was occupied by the
United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Some prefer to use Britain as shorth ...

United Kingdom
in the
First Opium War The First Opium War (), also known as the Opium War or the Anglo-Chinese War, was a series of military engagements fought between Britain and the Qing dynasty The Qing dynasty, officially the Great Qing (), was the last Dynasties in ...
(1839–1842). In 1842, the island was formally ceded in perpetuity to the UK under the
Treaty of Nanking The Treaty of Nanking (Nanjing) was a peace treaty which ended the First Opium War (1839–1842) between the United Kingdom and China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List of ...
and the
City of Victoria Victoria most commonly refers to: * Victoria (Australia), a state of the Commonwealth of Australia * Victoria, British Columbia, provincial capital of British Columbia, Canada * Victoria (mythology), Roman goddess of Victory * Victoria, Seychelles ...

City of Victoria
was then established on the island by the British Force in honour of
Queen Victoria Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland There have been 12 British monarchs since the political union of the Kingdom of England The Kingdom of En ...

Queen Victoria
. The
Central Central is an adjective usually referring to being in the center (disambiguation), center of some place or (mathematical) object. Central may also refer to: Directions and generalised locations * Central Africa, a region in the centre of Africa ...

Central
area on the island is the historical, political and economic centre of Hong Kong. The northern coast of the island forms the southern shore of the
Victoria Harbour Victoria Harbour is a natural landform harbor, harbour in Hong Kong separating Hong Kong Island in the south from the Kowloon Peninsula to the north. The harbour's deep, sheltered waters and strategic location on the South China Sea were instr ...

Victoria Harbour
, which is largely responsible for the development of Hong Kong due to its deep waters favoured by large trade ships. The island is home to many of the most famous sights in Hong Kong, such as "
The Peak
The Peak
",
Ocean Park
Ocean Park
, many historical sites and various large shopping centres. The mountain ranges across the island are also famous for
hiking Hiking is a long, vigorous walk Walking (also known as ambulation) is one of the main gaits of terrestrial locomotion among legged animals. Walking is typically slower than running and other gaits. Walking is defined by an 'inverted pendul ...

hiking
. The northern part of Hong Kong Island, together with
Kowloon Kowloon () is an urban area in Hong Kong Hong Kong (, ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR) (), is a metropolitan area and Special administrative regions of China, special a ...

Kowloon
and
Tsuen Wan New Town Tsuen Wan New Town is a New towns of Hong Kong, new town in Hong Kong. It spans Tsuen Wan, Kwai Chung and the eastern part of Tsing Yi, Tsing Yi Island. Traditionally, the administrative officials of Tsuen Wan managed the area of Tsuen Wan pr ...
, forms the core urban area of Hong Kong. Their combined area is approximately and their combined population (that of the northern part of the island and of Kowloon) is approximately 3,156,500, reflecting a population density of 35,700/km2 (91,500/sq. mi.). The island is often referred to locally as "Hong Kong side" or "Island side". Suffix "side" applied to other locations (e.g. China-side and
Kowloon Walled City-side
Kowloon Walled City-side
), the sole remnant of which is "Kowloon side" when indicating the two sides of the harbour. The form was once more common in Britain than now, such as south/Surrey-side and endures in British placenames like
Cheapside Cheapside is a street in the City of London The City of London is a City status in the United Kingdom, city, Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county and local government district that contains the historic centre and the primary ...

Cheapside
,
Tyneside Tyneside is a conurbation A conurbation is a region comprising a number of metropolis in the background A metropolis () is a large city or conurbation which is a significant economic, political, and cultural center for a country or region, ...

Tyneside
, and
Teesside Teesside () is a built-up area around the River Tees in the north of England, split between County Durham and North Yorkshire. The name was initially used as a county borough in the North Riding of Yorkshire. The number of people employed in t ...
, not all of which have an obvious watercourse or boundary.


Suburbs and localities

Hong Kong Island comprises the following suburbs/localities of
Hong Kong Hong Kong (; , ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR), is a and of China on the eastern in . With over 7.5 million residents of various nationalities in a territory, Hong ...

Hong Kong
: *
Aberdeen Aberdeen (; sco, Aiberdeen, ; gd, Obar Dheathain ; la, Aberdonia) is a city in northeast Scotland Scotland ( sco, Scotland, gd, Alba ) is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. Covering the nort ...

Aberdeen
*
Admiralty Admiralty usually refers to: * Admiralty (United Kingdom), military department in command of the Royal Navy from 1707 to 1964 *The rank of admiral Admiral is one of the highest ranks in some navy, navies, and in many navies is the highest rank ...

Admiralty
*
Ap Lei Chau Ap Lei Chau or Aberdeen Island is an List of islands and peninsulas of Hong Kong, island of Hong Kong, located off Hong Kong Island next to Aberdeen Harbour, Hong Kong, Aberdeen Harbour and Aberdeen Channel. It has an area of . Administratively ...
*
Causeway Bay Causeway Bay is a district of Hong Kong Island, and covering parts of Wan Chai District. The Cantonese name is also romanised as Tung Lo Wan as in Tung Lo Wan Road. The rents in the shopping areas of Causeway Bay were ranked as the world's mos ...

Causeway Bay
*
Central/Chung Wan
Central/Chung Wan
*
Chai Wan Chai Wan (; ), formerly known as Sai Wan (西灣), lies at the east end of the urban area of Hong Kong Island 250px, Kornhill and Shau Kei Wan, located in the northern part of Eastern District Hong Kong Island is an Islands and penins ...
*
Cyberport Cyberport Network Operations Centre Cyberport is a business park A business park or office park is an area of land in which many office buildings are grouped together. The first office park opened in Mountain Brook, Alabama, in the ea ...

Cyberport
*
Deep Water Bay Image:Deep Water Bay Beach.JPG, Deep Water Bay Beach. Deep Water Bay is a bay and residential area on the southern shore of Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. The bay is surrounded by Shouson Hill, Nam Long Shan, Brick Hill, Violet Hill (Hong Ko ...
*East Mid-Levels *
Fortress Hill Fortress Hill (; Pau Toi Shan) is a hill and an area Area is the quantity that expresses the extent of a two-dimensional region, shape, or planar lamina, in the plane. Surface area is its analog on the two-dimensional surface of a ...

Fortress Hill
* Happy Valley *
Kennedy Town Kennedy Town is at the western end of Sai Wan on Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. It was named after Arthur Kennedy (colonial administrator), Arthur Edward Kennedy, the 7th Governor of Hong Kong from 1872 to 1877. Administratively, it is part of C ...
*
Mid-Levels Mid-Levels is an affluent residential area on Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong Hong Kong (, ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR) (), is a metropolitan area and Special admini ...
* Mount Davis *
North Point North Point is a mixed-use urban area in the Eastern District of Hong Kong. It is in the northeastern part of Hong Kong Island 250px, Kornhill and Shau Kei Wan, located in the northern part of Eastern District Hong Kong Island is a ...

North Point
*
Pok Fu Lam Pok Fu Lam or Pokfulam is a residential area on Hong Kong Island 250px, Kornhill and Shau Kei Wan, located in the northern part of Eastern District Hong Kong Island is an Islands and peninsulas of Hong Kong, island in the southern par ...

Pok Fu Lam
*
Quarry Bay Quarry Bay is an area beneath Mount Parker in the Eastern District, Hong Kong, Eastern District of Hong Kong Island, in Hong Kong. The western portion of the area was also formerly known as Lai Chi (). Traditionally being an industrial and resi ...

Quarry Bay
*
Repulse Bay , Repulse Bay View of Repulse Bay from Sir Cecil's Ride , off Hong Kong Island (left) between Deep Water Bay and Repulse Bay (background, left). Viewed from the Ocean Park cable car ride. Repulse Bay or Tsin Shui Wan is a bay in the southern ...

Repulse Bay
*
Sai Wan Ho Sai Wan Ho is a primarily residential area on the northeastern shore of Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong, between Quarry Bay and Shau Kei Wan. It is part of the Eastern District, Hong Kong, Eastern District, and is administered together with surround ...
*
Sai Wan Sai Wan (Western district, or simply Western) is an area in Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong that corresponds to Sai Ying Pun, Shek Tong Tsui, Belcher Bay and Kennedy Town. It formed part of the Victoria, Hong Kong, City of Victoria. West Point, ...

Sai Wan
*
Sai Ying Pun Sai Ying Pun is an area in Western District (Hong Kong), Western District, on Hong Kong Island, in Hong Kong. It is administratively part of the Central and Western District. Etymology In Cantonese, ''Sai'' () means "west" and ''Ying Pun'' () ...

Sai Ying Pun
* Sandy Bay *
Shau Kei Wan Shau Kei Wan () or Shaukiwan is a neighborhood in the Eastern District of Hong Kong Island. The area is bordered by Chai Wan to the east, Mount Parker to the south, Sai Wan Ho to the west, and Victoria Harbour to the north. Shau Kei Wan is ...
*
Shek O Shek O Beach facing the South China Sea. Sung Kong (), one of the Po Toi Islands, is visible in the distance. Shek O is an area of the south-eastern part of Hong Kong Island 250px, Kornhill and Shau Kei Wan, located in the northern p ...

Shek O
*
Shek Tong Tsui Shek Tong Tsui is an area in Sai Wan on Hong Kong Island 250px, Kornhill and Shau Kei Wan, located in the northern part of Eastern District Hong Kong Island is an Islands and peninsulas of Hong Kong, island in the southern part of Hon ...

Shek Tong Tsui
*
Sheung Wan Sheung Wan Tram Terminus Sheung Wan is an area Area is the quantity that expresses the extent of a two-dimensional region, shape, or planar lamina, in the plane. Surface area is its analog on the two-dimensional surface of a ...

Sheung Wan
*
Siu Sai Wan Siu Sai Wan () is a residential area in the northeastern part of Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. It is located in the eastern part of Chai Wan, and is administratively under the Eastern District, Hong Kong, Eastern District. The population was ...
* So Kon Po *
Stanley Stanley may refer to: People * Stanley (name) Stanley is a toponymic surname dating from the 11/12th century contraction of ''Stan'' (a form of "Stone") and ''wikt:leigh, Leigh'' (meadow), later also being used as a masculine given name. Pers ...
*
Tai Hang File:Shanty housing in Hong Kong.jpeg, Tai Hang in the 1980s Tai Hang () is an area southeast of Causeway Bay located in the mid-north of Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. The area was originally a slum, until its redevelopment after the 1990s. Ge ...

Tai Hang
* Tai Tam *
Tin Hau Mazu is a Chinese folk religion, Chinese sea goddess also known by #Names, several other names and titles. She is the apotheosis, deified form of the purported historical Lin Mo or Lin Moniang, a Fujianese shamaness whose life span is traditi ...
* Victoria Park *
Victoria Peak Victoria Peak is a hill on the western half of Hong Kong Island 250px, Kornhill and Shau Kei Wan, located in the northern part of Eastern District Hong Kong Island is an Islands and peninsulas of Hong Kong, island in the southern p ...

Victoria Peak
*
Wan Chai Wan Chai is a metropolitan area situated at the western part of the Wan Chai District Wan Chai District (, literally "Cove District") is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong Hong Kong (, ), officially the Hong Kong Special Adminis ...

Wan Chai
*West Mid-Levels *
Wong Chuk Hang Wong Chuk Hang () or Staunton Valley is a neighbourhood in the Southern District of Hong Kong Island 250px, Kornhill and Shau Kei Wan, located in the northern part of Eastern District Hong Kong Island is an Islands and peninsulas of Ho ...


Administration

Hong Kong Island is not part of the
Islands District The Islands District is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. It is part of the New Territories. It had a population of 170,900 in 2018. Hong Kong consists of a peninsula and List of islands and peninsulas of Hong Kong, 263 islands. The Island ...

Islands District
. Four
districts of Hong Kong The districts of Hong Kong () are the 18 political areas of Hong Kong Hong Kong (; , ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR), is a List of cities in China, city and Special a ...
are located on the island: *
Central and Western District The Central and Western District () located on northwestern part of Hong Kong Island is one of the districts of Hong Kong, 18 administrative districts of Hong Kong. It had a population of 243,266 in 2016. The district has the most educated res ...
* Eastern District * Southern District (including the islands of
Ap Lei Chau Ap Lei Chau or Aberdeen Island is an List of islands and peninsulas of Hong Kong, island of Hong Kong, located off Hong Kong Island next to Aberdeen Harbour, Hong Kong, Aberdeen Harbour and Aberdeen Channel. It has an area of . Administratively ...
and
Ap Lei Pai
Ap Lei Pai
) *
Wan Chai District Wan Chai District is one of the districts of Hong Kong, 18 districts of Hong Kong. Of the four on Hong Kong Island, it is north-central, and had 152,608 residents in 2011, a fall from 167,146 residents in 2001. The district has the second-high ...
Hong Kong Island is one of the five Legislative Council geographical constituencies.


History

Human settlement of the area dates back millennia, as evidenced by Neolithic artifacts discovered in Stanley, Hong Kong Island.
Qin Shi Huang Qin Shi Huang (, ; 259–210 BCE), or Shihuangdi, was the founder of the Qin dynasty, and first Emperor of China, emperor of a unified China. Rather than maintain the title of "Chinese king, king" ( ''wáng'') borne by the previous Shang dyna ...
's imperial government settled Baiyue, and later Hong Kong Island was under the jurisdiction of Panyu County () in Nanhai County (), to the Western Jin Dynasty. After the sixth year of the Eastern Jin Dynasty (AD 331), it belonged to Baoan County (). According to the "Hong Kong Island East Region Winds", the Hong Kong Yacht Club (formerly known as Lantern Island, also known as Kellett Island) (the entrance to the Hong Kong Island at the Cross-Harbour Tunnel today) has unearthed the copper coins from the Sui and Tang Dynasties to the Song Dynasty. It is estimated that at during the Sui and Tang Dynasties, the island already had commercial activity. In the first year of the Wanli Period of the Ming Dynasty (1573), it was the territory of Xin'an County, and remained so until it was ceded to the United Kingdom.


British colony

Following the
First Opium War The First Opium War (), also known as the Opium War or the Anglo-Chinese War, was a series of military engagements fought between Britain and the Qing dynasty The Qing dynasty, officially the Great Qing (), was the last Dynasties in ...
(1839–1842), Hong Kong Island was ceded to Britain in 1842 under the Treaty of Nanking and the territory became a
Crown colony A Crown colony or royal colony was a colony In political science, a colony is a territory subject to a form of foreign rule. Though dominated by the foreign colonizers, colonies remain separate from the administration of the original coun ...
. At the time, the island was populated by only a few thousand people, and was thus described as being almost uninhabited.


Japanese invasion and occupation

The
Second World War World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
was a dark period for Hong Kong. In the 1930s, the British anticipated a Japanese attack on Hong Kong. As
Wong Nai Chung Gap Wong Nai Chung Gap () is a geographic gap in the middle of Hong Kong Island 250px, Kornhill and Shau Kei Wan, located in the northern part of Eastern District Hong Kong Island is an Islands and peninsulas of Hong Kong, island in the s ...
was a strategically-important place of defence, large-scale defensive works were constructed there, including anti-aircraft batteries,
howitzer A howitzer () is generally a large ranged weapon between an Artillery, artillery gun (also known as a ''cannon'' outside the US) – which has smaller, higher-velocity shells fired at flatter trajectories – and a Mortar (weapon), mortar – wh ...

howitzer
s and
machine gun A machine gun is an auto-firing, rifling, rifled long gun, long-barrel action (firearms)#Autoloading operation, autoloading firearm designed for sustained direct fire with fully powered cartridges. Other automatic firearms such as assault ri ...

machine gun
nests. The
Battle of Hong Kong The Battle of Hong Kong (8–25 December 1941), also known as the Defence of Hong Kong and the Fall of Hong Kong, was one of the first battles of the Pacific War The Pacific War, sometimes called the Asia–Pacific War, was the theat ...
began on 8 December 1941.
British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people, nationals or natives of the United Kingdom, British Overseas Territories, and Crown Dependencies. ** Britishness, the British identity and common culture * British English, ...

British
,
Canadian Canadians (french: Canadiens) are people identified with the country of Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its Provinces and territories of Canada, ten provinces and three territories extend from the At ...

Canadian
and
Indian Indian or Indians refers to people or things related to India, or to the indigenous people of the Americas, or Aboriginal Australians until the 19th century. People South Asia * Indian people, people of Indian nationality, or people who come ...

Indian
armies and the Hong Kong Volunteer Defence Forces resisted the Japanese invasion commanded by
Sakai Takashi
Sakai Takashi
, which began eight hours after the attack on
Pearl Harbor Pearl Harbor is an American lagoon File:Kara-Bogaz Gol from space, September 1995.jpg, Garabogazköl, Garabogaz-Göl lagoon in Turkmenistan A lagoon is a shallow body of water separated from a larger body of water by a narrow landform, su ...

Pearl Harbor
. However, the Japanese took control of the Hong Kong skies on the first day of attack and outnumbered the defenders, who retreated from the
Gin Drinkers Line The Gin Drinkers Line, or Gin Drinkers' Line, was a United Kingdom, British military defensive line against the Battle of Hong Kong, Japanese invasion of Hong Kong during the Battle of Hong Kong in December 1941, part of the Pacific War. The con ...

Gin Drinkers Line
and consequently from Kowloon under heavy aerial bombardment and artillery barrage. On 18 December, the Japanese had conquered North Point, reaching Wong Nai Chung Gap on the next day. English and Scottish forces and the Canadian Winnipeg Grenadiers vigorously defended the crucial point of Wong Nai Chung Gap, and for a while successfully secured the passage between Central and the secluded southern parts of the island. Japanese casualties were about 600. However, Allied forces there were ultimately defeated by the Japanese on 23 December, and Wong Nai Chung Reservoir was lost – the only one in Hong Kong at the time. As Wan Chai Gap had also fallen that same day, the British had no choice but to surrender. Hong Kong was surrendered on 25 December 1941, thereafter often called "Black Christmas" by locals. The
Governor of Hong Kong The Governor of Hong Kong was the representative of the British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people, nationals or natives of the United Kingdom, British Overseas Territories, and Crown Dependencies. * ...
, Mark Young, surrendered in person at the temporary Japanese headquarters, on the third floor of the
Peninsula Hotel
Peninsula Hotel
, thus beginning the
Japanese occupation of Hong Kong The Imperial Japanese occupation of Hong Kong began when the Governor of Hong Kong, Mark Aitchison Young, Sir Mark Young, surrendered the British Crown colony of Hong Kong to the Empire of Japan on 25 December 1941. The surrender occurred afte ...
.
Isogai Rensuke was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army and Governor of Hong Kong under Japanese occupation from February 20, 1942 to December 24, 1944. Biography Early career A native of Hyōgo Prefecture, Isogai graduated from the 16th class of the Imperi ...

Isogai Rensuke
became the first Japanese governor of Hong Kong. Hyper-inflation and food rationing followed; and the Japanese declared Hong Kong Dollars illegal. The Japanese enforced a repatriation policy throughout the period of occupation because of the scarcity of food and the possible counter-attack of the Allies. As a result, the unemployed were deported to the
Mainland Mainland is defined as "relating to or forming the main part of a country or continent, not including the islands around it egardless of status under territorial jurisdiction by an entity" The term is often human geography, politically, econo ...

Mainland
, and the population of Hong Kong had dwindled from 1.6 million in 1941 to 600,000 in 1945.


Geography

Hong Kong Island is the second-largest island of the territory, the largest being
Lantau Island Lantau Island (also Lantao Island, Lan Tao) is the largest island in Hong Kong, located West of Hong Kong Island and the Kowloon Peninsula, and is part of the New Territories. Administratively, most of Lantau Island is part of the Islands Dist ...

Lantau Island
. Its area is , including of land reclaimed since 1887 and some smaller scale ones since 1851. It makes up approximately 7% of the total territory. It is separated from the mainland (
Kowloon Peninsula The Kowloon Peninsula is a peninsula A peninsula ( la, paeninsula from ' "almost" and ' "island") is a landform surrounded by water on most of its border while being connected to a mainland from which it extends. The surrounding water is u ...

Kowloon Peninsula
and
New Territories The New Territories is one of the three main regions of Hong Kong Hong Kong (; , ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR), is a and of China on the eastern in . With over ...
) by
Victoria Harbour Victoria Harbour is a natural landform harbor, harbour in Hong Kong separating Hong Kong Island in the south from the Kowloon Peninsula to the north. The harbour's deep, sheltered waters and strategic location on the South China Sea were instr ...

Victoria Harbour
. Most of the hills across the middle of the island are included within the
country parksA country park is an area designated for people to visit and enjoy recreation in a countryside environment. United Kingdom History In the United Kingdom, the term ''country park'' has a special meaning. There are around 250 recognised country park ...

country parks
.


Demographics

The population is 1,270,876, which makes up approximately 19% of that of
Hong Kong Hong Kong (; , ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR), is a and of China on the eastern in . With over 7.5 million residents of various nationalities in a territory, Hong ...

Hong Kong
. Its population density is higher than for the whole of
Hong Kong Hong Kong (; , ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR), is a and of China on the eastern in . With over 7.5 million residents of various nationalities in a territory, Hong ...

Hong Kong
, c. 18,000 per km2. However, the population is heavily concentrated along the northern shore. The combined population of Central and Western, Wan Chai, and Eastern is 1,085,500, giving this urbanised part of the island a density of around 26,000 per km2, or 67,000 per mi2, in its approximately . The residents living in the Central and Western and Wanchai districts of Hong Kong island have the highest median household income of any area in Hong Kong. Affluent districts on Hong Kong Island are
The Peak
The Peak
, Western Mid-Levels (
Conduit Road Conduit Road is a road in the Mid-Levels on Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. The road and buildings Conduit Road was constructed in 1910. It is located in Western Mid-Levels. It is named after the aqueduct passing underneath which carries water ...
/ Robinson Road/
Magazine Gap Road Magazine Gap Road is a winding road on the affluent and ultra-expensive Mid-Levels and Victoria Peak, the Peak on the Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. It is one of the main access leading to the Peak area. Description It starts low from Robinson ...
/
Kotewall Road Image:HK Kotewall Road 50 Bus Stop 13 to City Hall.JPG, A bus stop on the Road Kotewall Road () is a street in Mid-Levels, Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong, located between Po Shan Road and Robinson Road, Hong Kong, Robinson Road. It is a 400-metre-long ...
etc.), Eastern Mid-Levels ( Happy Valley/
Tai Hang File:Shanty housing in Hong Kong.jpeg, Tai Hang in the 1980s Tai Hang () is an area southeast of Causeway Bay located in the mid-north of Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. The area was originally a slum, until its redevelopment after the 1990s. Ge ...

Tai Hang
/
Jardine's Lookout Jardine's Lookout () is a mountain and a residential area on the Hong Kong Island 250px, Kornhill and Shau Kei Wan, located in the northern part of Eastern District Hong Kong Island is an Islands and peninsulas of Hong Kong, island in the ...
), Tai Tam,
Deep Water Bay Image:Deep Water Bay Beach.JPG, Deep Water Bay Beach. Deep Water Bay is a bay and residential area on the southern shore of Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. The bay is surrounded by Shouson Hill, Nam Long Shan, Brick Hill, Violet Hill (Hong Ko ...
and
Repulse Bay , Repulse Bay View of Repulse Bay from Sir Cecil's Ride , off Hong Kong Island (left) between Deep Water Bay and Repulse Bay (background, left). Viewed from the Ocean Park cable car ride. Repulse Bay or Tsin Shui Wan is a bay in the southern ...

Repulse Bay
. 88.5% of Hong Kong Island's residents are of
Chinese Chinese can refer to: * Something related to China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, world's most populous country, with a populat ...
descent. The largest ethnic minority groups are
Filipino Filipino may refer to: * Something from or related to the Philippines The Philippines (; fil, Pilipinas or ''Filipinas'' ), officially the Republic of the Philippines ( fil, Republika ng Pilipinas), * bik, Republika kan Filipinas * ceb, ...
s (4%),
Indonesians Indonesians (Indonesian Indonesian is anything of, from, or related to Indonesia, an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. It may refer to: * Indonesians, citizens of Indonesia ** Native Indonesians, diverse groups of local inhabitants of the ...
(2.4%), and
White people White is a Race (human categorization), racialized classification of people and a Human skin color, skin color specifier, generally used for people of Ethnic groups in Europe, European origin; although the definition can vary depending on cont ...
(2.4%). 80.2% of Hong Kong Island's residents use
Cantonese Cantonese ( zh, t=廣東話, s=广东话, first=t; Yale Yale University is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, Brit ...

Cantonese
as their usual language, while 8% use
English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval England, which has eventually become the World language, leading lan ...

English
and 1.9% use
Mandarin Mandarin may refer to: * Mandarin (bureaucrat), a bureaucrat of Imperial China (the original meaning of the word) ** by extension, any senior government bureaucrat A bureaucrat is a member of a bureaucracy and can compose the administration o ...
.


Transport

Six of the
MTR The Mass Transit Railway (MTR) is a major public transport network serving :Hong Kong. Operated by the MTR Corporation Limited (MTRCL), it consists of heavy rail, light rail, and feeder bus service centred on a 10-line rapid transit network s ...

MTR
rapid transit system's eleven lines service Hong Kong Island. The Island line and
South Island line The South Island line, identified by light green on the MTR route map, is a rapid transit line of Hong Kong's MTR rapid transit, metro system. This line connects the HK business district from Admiralty station (MTR), Admiralty station to the S ...
run exclusively on Hong Kong Island, with the Island line serving the north shore at 17 stations, and the South Island line connecting four stations on
Ap Lei Chau Ap Lei Chau or Aberdeen Island is an List of islands and peninsulas of Hong Kong, island of Hong Kong, located off Hong Kong Island next to Aberdeen Harbour, Hong Kong, Aberdeen Harbour and Aberdeen Channel. It has an area of . Administratively ...
and in
Wong Chuk Hang Wong Chuk Hang () or Staunton Valley is a neighbourhood in the Southern District of Hong Kong Island 250px, Kornhill and Shau Kei Wan, located in the northern part of Eastern District Hong Kong Island is an Islands and peninsulas of Ho ...
to the north shore at Admiralty station. Four MTR lines – the
Tsuen Wan line#REDIRECT Tsuen Wan line {{Rcat shell, {{R from move {{R from miscapitalization {{R unprintworthy ...
, the Tseung Kwan O line, the
Tung Chung line The Tung Chung line is one of the ten lines of the MTR system in Hong Kong Hong Kong (; , ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR), is a and of China on the eastern in . Wit ...
and the
Airport Express The AirPort Express is a Wi-Fi base station product from Apple Inc., part of the AirPort product line. While more compact and in some ways simpler than another Apple Wi-Fi base station, the AirPort Extreme, the Express offers audio output capabi ...
– connect the north shore with Kowloon and provide onward service to the
New Territories The New Territories is one of the three main regions of Hong Kong Hong Kong (; , ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR), is a and of China on the eastern in . With over ...
; the
East Rail line The East Rail line () is one of eleven rapid transit lines of the Mass Transit Railway (MTR) system in Hong Kong. It used to be one of the three lines of the Kowloon–Canton Railway (KCR) network. It was known as the KCR British Sectio ...
is to provide another cross-harbour connection upon its extension from Hung Hom station to Admiralty station in 2022. In future, the planned North Island line infrastructure project would extend both the Tung Chung line and the Tseung Kwan O line to connect them to each other, forming a route parallel to the middle section of the Island line. Two other rail systems,
Hong Kong Tramways Hong Kong Tramways (HKT) is a system in . Owned and operated by , the tramway runs on between and , with a branch circulating through . Hong Kong's tram system is one of the earliest forms of in the metropolis, having opened in 1904 under ...
and the
Peak Tram The Peak Tram is a funicular railway in Hong Kong, which carries both tourists and residents to the upper levels of Hong Kong Island. Running from Garden Road Admiralty, Hong Kong, Admiralty to Victoria Peak via the Mid-Levels, it provides the mos ...

Peak Tram
, also run exclusively on Hong Kong Island. The former runs mostly parallel to the Island line between
Kennedy Town Kennedy Town is at the western end of Sai Wan on Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. It was named after Arthur Kennedy (colonial administrator), Arthur Edward Kennedy, the 7th Governor of Hong Kong from 1872 to 1877. Administratively, it is part of C ...
and
Shau Kei Wan Shau Kei Wan () or Shaukiwan is a neighborhood in the Eastern District of Hong Kong Island. The area is bordered by Chai Wan to the east, Mount Parker to the south, Sai Wan Ho to the west, and Victoria Harbour to the north. Shau Kei Wan is ...
, with a loop linking
Causeway Bay Causeway Bay is a district of Hong Kong Island, and covering parts of Wan Chai District. The Cantonese name is also romanised as Tung Lo Wan as in Tung Lo Wan Road. The rents in the shopping areas of Causeway Bay were ranked as the world's mos ...

Causeway Bay
and Happy Valley; the latter is a
funicular A funicular (, , ) is a type of cable railway A cable railway is a railway that uses a Wire rope, cable, rope or chain to haul trains. It is a specific type of cable transportation. The most common use for a cable railway is to move vehicles ...

funicular
linking
Central DistrictCentral District may refer to: Places * Central District (Botswana) * Central district, Plovdiv, Bulgaria * Central District, Xiamen, China, now Siming District, Fujian * Central, Hong Kong, also called Central District * List of Central Districts ...

Central District
to
Victoria Peak Victoria Peak is a hill on the western half of Hong Kong Island 250px, Kornhill and Shau Kei Wan, located in the northern part of Eastern District Hong Kong Island is an Islands and peninsulas of Hong Kong, island in the southern p ...

Victoria Peak
. Hong Kong Island is connected to the
Kowloon Peninsula The Kowloon Peninsula is a peninsula A peninsula ( la, paeninsula from ' "almost" and ' "island") is a landform surrounded by water on most of its border while being connected to a mainland from which it extends. The surrounding water is u ...

Kowloon Peninsula
on the mainland by two road-only
tunnel A tunnel is an underground passageway, dug through the surrounding soil/earth/rock and enclosed except for entrance and exit, commonly at each end. A pipeline Pipeline may refer to: Electronics, computers and computing * Pipeline (comput ...

tunnel
s (the
Cross-Harbour Tunnel The Cross-Harbour Tunnel (abbreviated ''CHT'' or ''XHT'') is the first tunnel in Hong Kong built underwater. It consists of two steel road tunnels each with two lanes constructed using the single shell immersed tube An immersed tube (or ...

Cross-Harbour Tunnel
and the
Western Harbour Crossing The Western Harbour Crossing (WHC) is a dual 3-lane immersed tube An immersed tube (or immersed tunnel) is a kind of undersea tunnel An undersea tunnel is a tunnel which is partly or wholly constructed under the sea or an estuary. They are ...
), two MTR railway tunnels (Tsuen Wan line and Tung Chung line/Airport Express) and one combined road and MTR rail link tunnel (
Eastern Harbour Crossing The Eastern Harbour Crossing, abbreviated as "EHC" (), is a combined road-rail tunnel that crosses beneath Victoria Harbour in Hong Kong. Opened on 21 September 1989, it connects Quarry Bay, Hong Kong Island and Cha Kwo Ling, Kowloon East. Hi ...

Eastern Harbour Crossing
, containing the Tseung Kwan O line and road traffic in separate parallel conduits). There are no bridges between the island and Kowloon, although two bridges – the
Ap Lei Chau Bridge Ap Lei Chau Bridge is a highway bridge in Hong Kong connecting the island of Ap Lei Chau (Aberdeen Island) to the community of Aberdeen, Hong Kong, Aberdeen on Hong Kong Island. First bridge Completed in April 1977, the first bridge had one ...
, a road bridge, and
Aberdeen Channel Bridge The Aberdeen Channel Bridge is a double-track railway bridge in Hong Kong. It carries the MTR's South Island line over the Aberdeen Channel, linking Lei Tung station and Wong Chuk Hang station. Its name reflects the channel the bridge crosses. ...

Aberdeen Channel Bridge
, part of the South Island line – connect the Hong Kong island to
Ap Lei Chau Ap Lei Chau or Aberdeen Island is an List of islands and peninsulas of Hong Kong, island of Hong Kong, located off Hong Kong Island next to Aberdeen Harbour, Hong Kong, Aberdeen Harbour and Aberdeen Channel. It has an area of . Administratively ...
.


See also

*
Connaught Road Connaught Road is a major thoroughfare on the north shore of Hong Kong Island 250px, Kornhill and Shau Kei Wan, located in the northern part of Eastern District Hong Kong Island is an Islands and peninsulas of Hong Kong, island in t ...
*
Conservation in Hong Kong Out of the total 1,092 km² of Hong Kong land, three-quarters is countryside, with various landscapes including beaches, woodlands and mountain ranges within the small territory. Most of Hong Kong's parks have natural diversity, usually co ...
* Des Voeux Road *
Hong Kong Hong Kong (; , ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR), is a and of China on the eastern in . With over 7.5 million residents of various nationalities in a territory, Hong ...

Hong Kong
* List of islands and peninsulas of Hong Kong * List of places in Hong Kong * List of streets and roads in Hong Kong * Queen's Road East, Hong Kong, Queen's Road


References


External links


Map of Hong Kong in 1844
{{Authority control Hong Kong Island,