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The Homeland Security Council (HSC) is an entity within the Executive Office of the President of the United States tasked with advising the President of the United States, President on matters relevant to Homeland security, Homeland Security. The current Homeland Security Advisor is Elizabeth Sherwood-Randall.


History

The Homeland Security Council (HSC) is an entity within the Executive Office of the President and was created by on October 29, 2001, and subsequently expanded on by Homeland Security Presidential Directive 1. It served as the successor to the Office of Homeland Security, established on September 20, 2001, immediately after the September 11 attacks. United States Congress, Congress subsequently Codification (law), codified the HSC in the Homeland Security Act, Homeland Security Act of 2002, charging it with advising the President of the United States, President on homeland security matters. On February 23, 2009, the Obama administration released Presidential Study Directive 1. This memorandum ordered a 60-day inter-agency review of the White House homeland security and counter-terrorism structure. The review recommended that the president merge the staff supporting the Homeland Security Council with the staff supporting the United States National Security Council, National Security Council. On May 26, 2009, Barack Obama signed the recommendation to merge the Homeland Security Council and National Security Council staffs into one National Security Staff. On February 10, 2014 President Obama renamed the National Security Staff the National Security Council (NSC) staff. Policymakers and observers have debated whether the HSC staff should remain an independent entity within the White House or merged with the NSC staff. The HSC and NSC continue to exist by statute as independent councils of leadership advising the president.


Mission

The Homeland Security Council is responsible for assessing the objectives, commitments, and risks of the United States, and for making recommendations to the president with respect to homeland security policy.


Structure

The HSC was similar to its national security counterpart, the United States National Security Council, National Security Council (NSC), which was established in the National Security Act of 1947. The HSC also maintained structural similarities with the NSC; the HSC consisted of full-time staff organized by subject areas relating to homeland security missions, with the Council itself being composed of United States Cabinet, Cabinet members and senior White House officials whose departments have principal interests in homeland security Public policy, policy-making. During the Bush administration, the Council was chaired by the Homeland Security Advisor. The Joint Chiefs of Staff consist of the primary military advisers to the Homeland Security Council, as well as the National Security Council.
10 USC 151. Joint Chiefs of Staff: composition; functions Due to the recommendations implemented by Obama, the Homeland Security Council and the National Security Council now have combined staff, the National Security Staff (NSS). While similar in name, the United States Department of Homeland Security, Department of Homeland Security is a distinct United States federal executive departments, federal executive department; unlike DHS, the HSC functioned as part of the Executive Office of the President, drawing staff from across federal agencies and under the direct control of the president.


Membership


See also

* Homeland Security Advisor * National Security Advisor (United States), National Security Advisor * United States National Security Council


References

{{Authority control 2001 establishments in the United States Disaster preparedness in the United States Executive Office of the President of the United States