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The High Street in
Oxford Oxford () is a city in England. It is the county town In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' u ...

Oxford
, England, known locally as the High, runs between Carfax, generally seen as the centre of the city, and
Magdalen Bridge Magdalen Bridge spans the divided stream of the River Cherwell just to the east of the City of Oxford, England, and next to Magdalen College, Oxford, Magdalen College, whence it gets its name and pronunciation. It connects the High Street, Oxf ...

Magdalen Bridge
to the east.


Overview

The street has been described by
Nikolaus Pevsner Sir Nikolaus Bernhard Leon Pevsner (30 January 1902 – 18 August 1983) was a German-British history of art, art historian and history of architecture, architectural historian best known for his monumental 46-volume series of county-by-county ...
as "''one of the world's great streets''". It forms a gentle curve and is the subject of many prints, paintings, photographs, etc. The looking west towards Carfax with
University College In a number of countries, a university college is a college A college (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication ...
on the left and
The Queen's College The Queen's College is a Colleges of the University of Oxford, constituent college of the University of Oxford, England. The college was founded in 1341 by Robert de Eglesfield in honour of Queen Philippa of Hainault (wife of King Edward III o ...

The Queen's College
on the right is an especially popular view. There are many historical buildings on the street, including the
University of Oxford The University of Oxford is a collegiate university, collegiate research university in Oxford, England. There is evidence of teaching as early as 1096, making it the oldest university in the English-speaking world and the List of oldest universit ...
buildings and colleges. Locally the street is often known as "The High".


Major buildings

To the north are (west to east): Lincoln College (main entrance on
Turl Street Turl Street is a historic street in central Oxford Oxford () is a city in England. It is the county town In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) ...
, including All Saints Church, now Lincoln College's library.),
Brasenose College Brasenose College (BNC), officially The Principal and Scholars of the King’s Hall and College of Brasenose in Oxford, is one of the Colleges of the University of Oxford, constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom. ...

Brasenose College
(main entrance in
Radcliffe Square Radcliffe Square is a square in central Oxford Oxford () is a city in England. It is the county town and only city of Oxfordshire. In 2017, its population was estimated at 152,450. It is northwest of London London is the capital city, ...
),
St Mary's
St Mary's
(the University Church),
All Souls College All Souls College (official name: College of the Souls of All the Faithful Departed) is a Colleges of the University of Oxford, constituent college of the University of Oxford in England. Unique to All Souls, all of its members automatically bec ...

All Souls College
,
The Queen's College The Queen's College is a Colleges of the University of Oxford, constituent college of the University of Oxford, England. The college was founded in 1341 by Robert de Eglesfield in honour of Queen Philippa of Hainault (wife of King Edward III o ...

The Queen's College
,
St Edmund Hall St Edmund Hall (sometimes known as The Hall or informally as Teddy Hall) is a Colleges of the University of Oxford, constituent college of the University of Oxford. The college claims to be "the oldest academical society for the education of un ...
(main entrance in
Queen's Lane Queen's Lane is a historic street in central Oxford, England, named after Queen's College, Oxford, Queen's College, to the south and west. St Edmund Hall, a constituent college of the University of Oxford, is located on the southern end of this ...
) and
Magdalen College Magdalen College ( ) is a Colleges of the University of Oxford, constituent college of the University of Oxford. It was founded in 1458 by William of Waynflete. Today, it is the fourth wealthiest college, with a financial endowment of £332.1 ...

Magdalen College
(including
Magdalen Tower Magdalen Tower, completed in 1509, is a bell tower that forms part of Magdalen College, Oxford. It is a central focus for the celebrations in Oxford on May Morning. History Magdalen Tower is one of the oldest parts of Magdalen College, Oxford, ...

Magdalen Tower
). To the south are (west to east):
Oriel College Oriel College () is a constituent college of the University of Oxford The University of Oxford is a collegiate university, collegiate research university in Oxford, England. There is evidence of teaching as early as 1096, making it the oldes ...
,
University College In a number of countries, a university college is a college A college (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication ...
(including the Boyle-Hooke plaque outside the
Shelley Memorial The Shelley Memorial is a memorial to the English poet Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792–1822) at University College, Oxford, University College, Oxford, England, the college that he briefly attended and from which he was expelled for writing the 1811 ...
), the
Examination Schools The Examination Schools of the University of Oxford The University of Oxford is a collegiate university, collegiate research university in Oxford, England. There is evidence of teaching as early as 1096, making it the oldest university in the ...
, the
Ruskin School of Drawing and Fine Art The Ruskin School of Art, known as the Ruskin, is an art school 's Waterman Building, Providence, Rhode Island, Providence, RI. An art school is an educational institution with a primary focus on the visual arts, including fine art – especial ...
, the Eastgate Hotel (at the original entrance to the city) and the
Botanic Garden A botanical garden or botanic gardenThe terms ''botanic'' and ''botanical'' and ''garden'' or ''gardens'' are used more-or-less interchangeably, although the word ''botanic'' is generally reserved for the earlier, more traditional gardens. is ...

Botanic Garden
.


Commerce

Queen's Lane Coffee House Queen's Lane Coffee House is a historic coffee house 200px, Coffeehouse in San Francisco A coffeehouse, coffee shop, or café is an establishment that primarily serves coffee (of various types, e.g. espresso, latte, cappuccino). S ...
(at the junction with
Queen's Lane Queen's Lane is a historic street in central Oxford, England, named after Queen's College, Oxford, Queen's College, to the south and west. St Edmund Hall, a constituent college of the University of Oxford, is located on the southern end of this ...
) was established in 1654 and was probably Oxford's first
coffee house A coffeehouse, coffee shop, or café is an establishment that primarily serves coffee Coffee is a drink prepared from roasted s, the seeds of from certain s in the ' genus. From the coffee fruit, the seeds are separated to produce a ...

coffee house
. This title is however disputed with 'The Grand Cafe' Coffee House, which claims that it was established in 1650 and stands opposite Queen's Lane coffee house. Despite an influx of chain stores in nearby
Cornmarket Street Cornmarket Street (colloquially referred to as Cornmarket or historically The Corn) is a major shopping street and pedestrian zone, pedestrian precinct in Oxford, England that runs north to south between Magdalen Street and Carfax, Oxford, Car ...
, the High is home to a number of specialist independent retailers. These include
Shepherd & Woodward Shepherd & Woodward are a traditional clothing outfitters in High Street, Oxford, High Street, Oxford, England. In particular, they provide Academic dress of the University of Oxford, academic gowns and other clothing for the University of Oxford ...
(University outfitters), Payne & Son (goldsmiths),
Sanders of Oxford Sanders of Oxford is an antique printer (publishing), print shop situated on the High Street, Oxford, High Street of the city of Oxford, England. Although stores trading in prints were once common in the country, there are now only a handful left, ...
(print sellers) and Waterfield's Books. To the north at the eastern end between Cornmarket and the Turl is the historic traditional
Covered Market
Covered Market
, established in 1774.
William Henry Butler William Henry Butler (24 February 1790 – 11 October 1865) was an English wine merchant and Mayor of Oxford. William Butler was the ninth of the ten children. His parents were James and Jane (née Slatter) Butler from All Saints Church, Oxford, Al ...
, later
Mayor of Oxford In many countries, a mayor is the highest-ranking official in a Municipal corporation, municipal government such as that of a city or a town. Worldwide, there is a wide variance in local laws and customs regarding the powers and responsibilities ...
, was a
wine merchant A winemaker or vintner is a person engaged in winemaking. They are generally employed by winery, wineries or :Wine companies, wine companies, where their work includes: *Cooperating with viticulture, viticulturists *Monitoring the maturity of grape ...
with premises in the High Street during the early 19th century.William Henry Butler: Mayor of Oxford, January–October 1836Mayors of Oxford
Edward Bracher, a pioneering
Victorian Victorian or Victorians may refer to: 19th century * Victorian era, British history during Queen Victoria's 19th-century reign ** Victorian architecture ** Victorian house ** Victorian decorative arts ** Victorian fashion ** Victorian literature ...
photographer, had a shop at 26 High Street.
Henry Taunt Henry William Taunt (1842–1922) was a professional photographer, author, publisher and entertainer based in Oxford, England. Birth Henry Taunt was born in Penson's Gardens in the parish of St Ebbe's, Oxford. His father Henry was a plumber an ...
, another photographer, joined him as a member of staff in 1856. Taunt later returned to 41 High Street after the lease for his own shop premises in
Broad StreetBroad Street may refer to: United Kingdom *Broad Street railway station (England), in London *Broad Street (ward), in London *Broad Street, Birmingham *Broad Street, Bristol *Broad Street, Oxford *Broad Street, Reading *Broad Street, Suffolk, hamle ...

Broad Street
expired in 1894. 83 High Street bears a blue plaque (10 October 2001) commemorating
Sarah Cooper Sarah Anne Cooper (born December 19, 1977) is an Americans, American author and comedian based in New York City. She worked in design for Yahoo! and in user experience for Google Docs, Sheets, and Slides while also performing stand-up comedy. ...
(1848–1932)
marmalade Marmalade is a fruit preserve Fruit preserves are preparations of fruit In botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist or phytol ...

marmalade
maker, wife of Frank Cooper whose shop at 83–84 High Street was the origin of the
Frank Cooper Frank Cooper may refer to: * Frank B. Cooper (1855–1930), American education administrator, superintendent of Seattle Public Schools, 1901–1922 * Frank Arthur Cooper (1872–1949), premier of Queensland, 1942–1946 * Frank Cooper (judge) (1 ...
jam Fruit preserves are preparations of fruit In botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist or phytologist is a scientist who specialises ...

jam
business (a brand now owned by
Premier Foods Premier Foods plc is a British food manufacturer headquartered in St Albans St Albans () is a cathedral city in Hertfordshire, England and the main urban area in the St Albans City and District, City and District of St Albans. It lies east of ...
). The company made " Oxford Marmalade" famous. In June 1879,
George Claridge Druce George Claridge Druce, Master of Arts (Oxbridge and Dublin), MA, Doctor of Laws, LLD, Justice of the Peace, JP, Fellow of the Royal Society, FRS, Linnean Society, FLS (23 May 1850 – 29 February 1932) was an English botanist and a Mayors of Oxfo ...
(also a noted botanist and later mayor of the city) moved to Oxford and set up a chemist's shop, Druce & Co., at 118 High Street. This continued until his death 1932. The Old Bank Hotel was the first new hotel for 135 years in the centre of Oxford. Quod Restaurant & Bar is also part of the hotel, located between the junctions with
Oriel Street Oriel Street is a narrow but historic street running between the High Street #REDIRECT High Street High Street is a common street name for the primary business Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by produci ...
and
Logic Lane __NOTOC__ Logic Lane is a small historic cobbled lane that runs through University College In a number of countries, a university college is a college A college (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical lan ...

Logic Lane
.


Commentary

The architectural critic
Nikolaus Pevsner Sir Nikolaus Bernhard Leon Pevsner (30 January 1902 – 18 August 1983) was a German-British history of art, art historian and history of architecture, architectural historian best known for his monumental 46-volume series of county-by-county ...
wrote in 1974 that
"The High Street is one of the world's great streets. It has everything."Stephanie Jenkins
The High – Quotations
/ref>
He may have been echoing
Thomas Hardy Thomas Hardy (2 June 1840 – 11 January 1928) was an English novelist and poet. A Literary realism, Victorian realist in the tradition of George Eliot, he was influenced both in his novels and in his poetry by Romanticism, including the poetr ...

Thomas Hardy
's comment in ''
Jude the Obscure ''Jude the Obscure'' is a novel by Thomas Hardy, which began as a magazine serial in December 1894 and was first published in book form in 1895 (though the title page says 1896). It is Hardy's last completed novel. The protagonist, Jude Fawley ...
'':
"And there's a street in the place – the main street – that ha'n't another like it in the world."Jude the Obscure
in
Google Books Google Books (previously known as Google Book Search and Google Print and by its code-name Project Ocean) is a service from Google Inc. Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet ...
. The comment is made by a carter describing Christminster, Hardy's pseudonym for Oxford.


Adjoining streets

The following streets, also of historical significance, are off the High Street: *
Alfred Street Alfred Street is a street running between the High Street, Oxford, High Street to the north and the junction with Blue Boar Street and Bear Lane at the southern end, in central Oxford, England.
*
Catte Street Catte Street is a historic street in central Oxford Oxford () is a city in England. It is the county town In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) ...
*
Cornmarket Street Cornmarket Street (colloquially referred to as Cornmarket or historically The Corn) is a major shopping street and pedestrian zone, pedestrian precinct in Oxford, England that runs north to south between Magdalen Street and Carfax, Oxford, Car ...
*
King Edward Street King Edward Street is a street running between the High Street, Oxford, High Street to the north and Oriel Square to the south in central Oxford, England. To the east is the "Island" site of Oriel College, Oxford, Oriel College, one of the ...
*
Logic Lane __NOTOC__ Logic Lane is a small historic cobbled lane that runs through University College In a number of countries, a university college is a college A college (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical lan ...

Logic Lane
*
Longwall Street FIle:Longwall Street - geograph.org.uk - 721653.jpg, View north along Longwall Street Longwall Street is a street in central Oxford, England. It runs for about 300 metres along the western flank of Magdalen College, Oxford, Magdalen College. A h ...
*
Magpie Lane Magpies are birds of the Corvidae family. Like other members of their family, they are widely considered to be intelligent creatures. The Eurasian magpie, for instance, is thought to rank among the world's Animal cognition, most intelligent crea ...
*
Merton Street Merton Street is a historic and picturesque cobbled street in central Oxford, England.M ...

Merton Street
*
Oriel Street Oriel Street is a narrow but historic street running between the High Street #REDIRECT High Street High Street is a common street name for the primary business Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by produci ...
*
Queen StreetQueen Street may refer to: Australia * Queen Street, Brisbane in Brisbane * Queen Street, Fremantle in Fremantle * Queen Street, Melbourne in Melbourne * Queen Street, in Woollahra, Sydney Britain * Queen Street, Cardiff in Cardiff, Wales * Queen ...
*
Queen's Lane Queen's Lane is a historic street in central Oxford, England, named after Queen's College, Oxford, Queen's College, to the south and west. St Edmund Hall, a constituent college of the University of Oxford, is located on the southern end of this ...
*
St Aldate's St Aldate's () is a street in central Oxford, England, named after Saint Aldate, but formerly known as Fish Street. The street runs south from the generally acknowledged centre of Oxford at Carfax, Oxford, Carfax. The Oxford Town Hall, Town H ...
*
Turl Street Turl Street is a historic street in central Oxford Oxford () is a city in England. It is the county town In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) ...


Gallery

Image:View over Oxford High Street.jpg, View down to buildings on the south side. Image:High Street Oxford Queens College.jpg, View eastwards towards
The Queen's College The Queen's College is a Colleges of the University of Oxford, constituent college of the University of Oxford, England. The college was founded in 1341 by Robert de Eglesfield in honour of Queen Philippa of Hainault (wife of King Edward III o ...

The Queen's College
. Image:Students Oxford University.jpg, Students congregating in the High outside the
Examination Schools The Examination Schools of the University of Oxford The University of Oxford is a collegiate university, collegiate research university in Oxford, England. There is evidence of teaching as early as 1096, making it the oldest university in the ...
. Image:All Saints Church Oxford (1).jpg, All Saints Church, now Lincoln College's library. Image:Lloyds Bank on High Street Oxford.jpg,
Lloyds Bank Lloyds Bank plc is a British retail and commercial bank with branches across England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotlan ...

Lloyds Bank
, at the far western end of High Street, at the
Cornmarket Street Cornmarket Street (colloquially referred to as Cornmarket or historically The Corn) is a major shopping street and pedestrian zone, pedestrian precinct in Oxford, England that runs north to south between Magdalen Street and Carfax, Oxford, Car ...
intersection. Image:Carfax tower oxford england.jpg, Carfax, at the western end of the High Street. Image:Magdalen-may-morning-2007-panorama.jpg,
Magdalen College Magdalen College ( ) is a Colleges of the University of Oxford, constituent college of the University of Oxford. It was founded in 1458 by William of Waynflete. Today, it is the fourth wealthiest college, with a financial endowment of £332.1 ...

Magdalen College
and the High Street on
May Morning May Morning is an annual event in Oxford, United Kingdom, on May Day (1 May). Event The event starts early at 6 a.m. with the Magdalen College, Oxford, Magdalen College Choir singing a hymn, the Hymnus Eucharisticus, from the top of Magdal ...

May Morning
, 2007. Image:High Street_Oxford_October 2007.jpg, The High Street, near the entrance to
The Queen's College The Queen's College is a Colleges of the University of Oxford, constituent college of the University of Oxford, England. The college was founded in 1341 by Robert de Eglesfield in honour of Queen Philippa of Hainault (wife of King Edward III o ...

The Queen's College
, looking east. Image:High Street in Oxford by Night 2009 LL.jpg, Night view of the High Street with Christmas lights, looking east from Carfax. Image:Big Issue seller High Street Oxford.jpg, ''
Big Issue ''The Big Issue'' is a street newspaper founded by John Bird, Baron Bird, John Bird and Gordon Roddick in September 1991 and published in four continents. ''The Big Issue'' is one of the UK's leading social businesses and exists to offer homeless ...
'' magazine seller on the pavement in the High Street. Image:Carfax Fish and Chips Oxford 20050403.jpg, Shops on the south side of the High Street near Carfax. Image:High Street Oxford viewed from St Marys looking east.jpg, The High Street Oxford, as viewed from St Marys the Virgin Church, looking east.


See also

* ''
High Street, Oxford The High Street in Oxford, England, known locally as the High, runs between Carfax, Oxford, Carfax, generally seen as the centre of the city, and Magdalen Bridge to the east. Overview The street has been described by Nikolaus Pevsner a ...
'', an oil painting by J. M. W. Turner, exhibited in 1810


References


External links

{{Commons category, High Street, Oxford
The High, Oxford
includin
tour
an
history

Webcam
from Carfax tower looking east down the High Street


Oxford City Guide
including list of shops on The High Streets in Oxford Tourist attractions in Oxford Shopping streets in Oxford