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Harrison Ford (born July 13, 1942) is an American actor. His films have grossed more than $5.4billion in North America and more than $9.3billion worldwide, making him the seventh-highest-grossing actor in North America. He is the recipient of various accolades, including three
Saturn Awards The Saturn Awards are American awards presented annually by the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror Films Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror Films is an American non-profit organization A nonprofit organization (NPO), ...
, the
AFI Life Achievement Award The AFI Life Achievement Award was established by the board of directors of the American Film Institute The American Film Institute (AFI) is an American film A film, also called a movie, motion picture or moving picture, is a work of ...
and the Cecil B. DeMille Award, in addition to nominations for an
Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are awards for artistic and technical merit in the film industry The film industry or motion picture industry comprises the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking, i.e., ...
and four
Golden Globe Awards The Golden Globe Awards are accolades bestowed by the 87 members of the Hollywood Foreign Press Association beginning in January 1944, recognizing excellence in film A film, also called a movie, motion picture or moving picture, is ...

Golden Globe Awards
. Following the initial phase of his career in bit parts and supporting roles, Ford gained worldwide fame for his starring role as
Han Solo Han Solo is a fictional character in the ''Star Wars ''Star Wars'' is an American epic Epic commonly refers to: * Epic poetry, a long narrative poem celebrating heroic deeds and events significant to a culture or nation * Epic film, a ge ...
in the epic space opera film ''
Star Wars ''Star Wars'' is an American epic film, epic space opera multimedia franchise created by George Lucas, which began with the Star Wars (film), eponymous 1977 film and quickly became a worldwide popular culture, pop-culture Cultural impact of S ...
'' (1977), reprising the role in four sequels over the course of the next 42 years. He is also widely known for his portrayal of
Indiana Jones ''Indiana Jones'' is an American media franchise based on the adventures of Indiana Jones (character), Dr. Henry Walton "Indiana" Jones Jr., a fictional professor of archaeology, that began in 1981 with the film ''Raiders of the Lost Ark''. In ...
in the titular film franchise, beginning with the action-adventure film ''
Raiders of the Lost Ark ''Raiders of the Lost Ark'' is a 1981 American Action film#Action-adventure, action-adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg and written by Lawrence Kasdan, based on a story by George Lucas and Philip Kaufman. It stars Harrison Ford, Karen ...
'' (1981), and for playing other characters in different franchises, most notably
Rick Deckard Rick Deckard is a fictional character, the protagonist of Philip K. Dick's 1968 novel '' Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?''. Harrison Ford Harrison Ford (born July 13, 1942) is an American actor, pilot, and environmental activist. , th ...
in the dystopian science fiction films ''
Blade Runner ''Blade Runner'' is a 1982 science fiction film Science fiction (or sci-fi) is a film genre A film genre is a Genre, stylistic or thematic category for Film, motion pictures based on similarities either in the narrative , narrative elem ...
'' (1982) and ''
Blade Runner 2049 ''Blade Runner 2049'' is a 2017 American neo-noir science fiction film directed by Denis Villeneuve and written by Hampton Fancher and Michael Green (writer), Michael Green. A sequel to the 1982 film ''Blade Runner'', the film stars Ryan Gosling ...
'' (2017) and the
Tom Clancy Thomas Leo Clancy Jr. (April 12, 1947 – October 1, 2013) was an American novelist. He is best known for his technically detailed espionage and military science, military-science storylines set during and after the Cold War. Seventeen of h ...
character Jack Ryan in the spy thriller films ''
Patriot Games ''Patriot Games'' is a thriller novel, written by Tom Clancy and published in July 1987. It is the indirect sequel to '' Without Remorse'', and is chronologically the first book featuring Jack Ryan, the main character in most of Clancy's nove ...
'' (1992) and ''
Clear and Present Danger Clear and present danger was a doctrine adopted by the Supreme Court of the United States The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the Supreme court, highest court in the Federal judiciary of the United States, federal judiciary o ...
'' (1994). His career spans six decades and includes collaborations with some of the most acclaimed and influential filmmakers of his time, such as
George Lucas George Walton Lucas Jr. (born May 14, 1944) is an American film director, producer, screenwriter, and entrepreneur. Lucas is best known for creating the ''Star Wars ''Star Wars'' is an American epic film, epic space opera multimedia fr ...

George Lucas
,
Francis Ford Coppola Francis Ford Coppola (; ; born April 7, 1939) is an American film director A film director controls a film's artistic and dramatic aspects and visualizes the screenplay (or script) while guiding the film crew and actors in the fulfilment ...

Francis Ford Coppola
,
Steven Spielberg Steven Allan Spielberg (; born December 18, 1946) is an American film director, producer, and screenwriter. He began his career in the New Hollywood New Hollywood, sometimes referred to as the American New Wave or the Hollywood Renaissance, r ...

Steven Spielberg
,
Ridley Scott Sir Ridley Scott (born 30 November 1937) is an English film director and producer. He has directed, among others, the science fiction horror film ''Alien Alien primarily refers to: * Alien (law) In law, an alien is any person A person ...
,
Peter Weir Peter Lindsay Weir, AM ( ; born 21 August 1944) is an Australian film director. He was a leading figure in the Australian New Wave The Australian New Wave (also known as the Australian Film Revival, Australian Film Renaissance, or New Australi ...
,
Roman Polanski Roman Polanski ( ; pl, Roman Polański ; born Raymond Thierry Liebling on 18 August 1933) is a Polish-French film director, producer, screenwriter, and actor. His Polish-Jewish parents moved the family back from Paris to Kraków in 1937.Pa ...

Roman Polanski
and
Mike Nichols Mike Nichols (born Igor Mikhail Peschkowsky; November 6, 1931 – November 19, 2014) was a German-born American film and theater director, producer, actor, and comedian. He was noted for his ability to work across a range of genres and for his ...

Mike Nichols
. Ford has portrayed heroic characters in other films such as the thrillers ''
Witness In law, a witness is someone who has knowledge about a matter, whether they have sensed it or are testifying on another witnesses' behalf. In law a witness is someone who, either voluntarily or under compulsion, provides testimonial evidence, e ...
'' (1985), for which he received his only Academy Award nomination, '' The Fugitive'' (1993), and ''
Air Force One Air Force One is the official air traffic control Air traffic control (ATC) is a service provided by ground-based air traffic controller Air traffic control specialists, abbreviated ATCS, are personnel responsible for the safe, ord ...
'' (1997), as well as the historical sports drama '' 42'' (2013). In addition to heroic roles, he played morally ambiguous and darker characters in films such as the coming-of-age comedy drama ''
American Graffiti ''American Graffiti'' is a 1973 American coming-of-age Coming of age is a young person's transition from being a child to being an adult. It continues through adolescence. The specific age at which this transition takes place varies bet ...
'' (1973), the conspiracy thriller ''
The Conversation ''The Conversation'' is a 1974 American mystery Mystery, The Mystery, Mysteries or The Mysteries may refer to: People * Mystery (pickup artist) Erik von Markovik (born September 24, 1971), more popularly known by his stage name, Mystery, is ...

The Conversation
'' (1974), the survival drama '' The Mosquito Coast'' (1986), the legal drama '' Presumed Innocent'' (1990), and the supernatural suspense thriller ''
What Lies Beneath ''What Lies Beneath'' is a 2000 American supernatural horror thriller film Thriller film, also known as suspense film or suspense thriller, is a broad film genre that evokes excitement and suspense in the audience. The suspense element found in ...

What Lies Beneath
'' (2000). Ford has also appeared in several romantic comedies and dramas throughout his career, including ''
Heroes Heroes or Héroes may refer to: * Hero File:Wilhelm Tell Denkmal Altdorf um 1900.jpeg, upWilliam Tell, a popular folk hero of Switzerland. A hero (heroine in its feminine form) is a real person or a main fictional character who, in the fac ...
'' (1977), ''
Working Girl ''Working Girl'' is a 1988 American romantic comedy-drama Comedy music, Comedy-drama, or dramedy, is a genre of dramatic works that combines elements of comedy and Drama (film and television), drama. In the United States Example include '' ...
'' (1988), '' Sabrina'' (1995), ''
Six Days, Seven Nights ''Six Days, Seven Nights'' is a 1998 American adventure action comedy film A comedy film is a category of film A film, also called a movie, motion picture or moving picture, is a work of visual art used to simulate experiences that ...
'' (1998), ''
Random Hearts ''Random Hearts'' is a 1999 American romantic drama film Romance films or romance movies are romantic love stories recorded in visual media for broadcast in theaters and on TV that focus on passion, emotion Emotions are biological states a ...
'' (1999), ''
Morning Glory Morning glory is a common name for many flowering plants. Morning glory may also refer to: Music *'' (What's the Story) Morning Glory?'', a 1995 album by Oasis ** "Morning Glory" (Oasis song), a 1995 single from the above album ** ''Morning Glory ...
'' (2010), and ''
The Age of Adaline ''The Age of Adaline'' is a 2015 American Romance film, romantic fantasy film directed by Lee Toland Krieger and written by J. Mills Goodloe and Salvador Paskowitz. The film stars Blake Lively in the title role, with Michiel Huisman, Kathy Baker, ...
'' (2015). Outside acting, Ford is a licensed pilot who has often assisted the emergency services in rescue missions near his home in
Wyoming Wyoming () is a U.S. state, state in the Mountain states, Mountain West subregion of the Western United States. The List of U.S. states and territories by area, 10th largest state by area, it is also the List of U.S. states and territories b ...
. He is also a dedicated environmental activist, having served as the inaugural Vice Chair of
Conservation International Conservation International (CI) is an American nonprofit environmental organization headquartered in Crystal City, Arlington, Virginia. Its mission is to spotlight and secure the critical benefits that nature provides to humanity, such as food, ...
since 1991.


Early life

Harrison Ford was born at the
Swedish Covenant Hospital Swedish Hospital (formerly Swedish Covenant Hospital) is a 312-bed nonprofit A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operated for ...
in
Chicago, Illinois (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive map of Chicago , coordinates = , coordinates_footnotes = , subdivision_type = Country , subdivision_name ...

Chicago, Illinois
, on July 13, 1942, to former radio actress Dorothy (née Nidelman) and advertising executive and former actor John William "Christopher" Ford. His younger brother, Terence, was born in 1945. Their father was a Catholic of German and Irish descent, while their mother was an
Ashkenazi Jew Ashkenazi Jews ( are a Jews, Jewish Jewish diaspora, diaspora population who Coalescent theory, coalesced in the Holy Roman Empire around the end of the first millennium. The traditional diaspora language of Ashkenazi Jews is Yiddish (a Germ ...
whose parents were emigrants from
Minsk Minsk ( be, Мінск , russian: link=no, Минск) is the capital and the largest city of Belarus, located on the Svislach (Berezina), Svislach and the now subterranean Nyamiha, Niamiha rivers. As the capital, Minsk has a special administra ...

Minsk
, Belarus, then in the Russian Empire. When asked in which religion he and his brother were raised, Ford jokingly responded "
Democrat Democrat, Democrats, or Democratic may refer to: *A proponent of democracy, or democratic government; a form of government involving rule by the people. *A member of a Democratic Party: **Democratic Party (United States) (D) **Democratic Party (Cy ...
" and more seriously stated that they were raised to be "
liberals Liberal or liberalism may refer to: Politics *a supporter of liberalism, a political and moral philosophy **Liberalism by country *an adherent of a Liberal Party Arts, entertainment and media *''El Liberal'', a Spanish newspaper published betw ...
of every stripe". When asked about what influence his Jewish and Irish Catholic ancestry may have had on him, he quipped, "As a man I've always felt Irish, as an actor I've always felt Jewish."''
Inside the Actors Studio ''Inside the Actors Studio'' is an American talk show that airs on Ovation The ovation ( la, ovatio from ''ovare'': to rejoice) was a form of the Roman triumph. Ovations were granted when war was not declared between enemies on the level of na ...
''. Harrison Ford, Season 6, Episode 613. August 20, 2000.
Ford was a
Boy Scout A Scout (in some countries a Boy Scout, Girl Scout, or Pathfinder) is a child, usually 10–18 years of age, participating in the worldwide Scouting movement. Because of the large age and Developmental psychology, development span, many Scouti ...
, achieving the second-highest rank of Life Scout. He worked at Napowan Adventure Base Scout Camp as a counselor for the Reptile Study merit badge. Because of this, he and director
Steven Spielberg Steven Allan Spielberg (; born December 18, 1946) is an American film director, producer, and screenwriter. He began his career in the New Hollywood New Hollywood, sometimes referred to as the American New Wave or the Hollywood Renaissance, r ...

Steven Spielberg
later decided to depict the young
Indiana Jones ''Indiana Jones'' is an American media franchise based on the adventures of Indiana Jones (character), Dr. Henry Walton "Indiana" Jones Jr., a fictional professor of archaeology, that began in 1981 with the film ''Raiders of the Lost Ark''. In ...
as a Life Scout in ''
Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade ''Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade'' is a 1989 American action film, action-adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg, from a story co-written by executive producer George Lucas. It is the third installment in the Indiana Jones, ''Indiana J ...
'' (1989). Ford graduated in 1960 from
Maine East High School Maine East High School, or Maine East, and officially Maine Township High School East, is a public four-year high school located at the corner of Dempster Street and Potter Road in Park Ridge, Illinois, a northwest suburb of Chicago, in the United ...
in
Park Ridge, Illinois Park Ridge is a city in Cook County, Illinois Illinois ( ) is a U.S. state, state in the Midwestern United States, Midwestern region of the United States. It has the List of U.S. states and territories by GDP, fifth largest gross domest ...
. His voice was the first student voice broadcast on his high school's new radio station,
WMTH WMTH-FM, located in Park Ridge, Illinois, Park Ridge, Illinois, was among the first FM high school radio stations in the United States when it was licensed in 1959. Established by the Student Council at Maine Township High School, now Maine East Hi ...
, and he was its first sportscaster during his senior year. He attended Ripon College in
Ripon, Wisconsin Ripon is a city in Fond du Lac County Fond du Lac County is a county (United States), county in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 United States Census, 2010 census, the population was 101,633. Its county seat is Fond du Lac, Wiscons ...
, where he was a philosophy major and a member of the
Sigma Nu Sigma Nu () is an undergraduate college fraternity A meeting of West_Germany.html"_;"title="Freemasons_in_West_Germany">Freemasons_in_West_Germany_(1948). A_fraternity_(from_Freemasons_in_West_Germany_(1948).">West_Germany.html"_;"title="Fre ...
fraternity. A self-described "
late bloomer A late bloomer is a person whose talents or capabilities are not visible to others until later than usual. The term is used metaphorically to describe a child or adolescent who develops slower than others in their age group, but eventually catches ...

late bloomer
", Ford took a drama class in the final quarter of his senior year to get over his shyness and became fascinated with acting.


Career


1964–1976

In 1964, after a season of
summer stock In American theater, summer stock theatre is a theater (structure), theatre that presents stage productions only in the summer. The name combines the season with the tradition of staging shows by a resident company, reusing repertory, stock theatri ...
with the Belfry Players in Wisconsin, Ford traveled to
Los Angeles Los Angeles ( ; xgf, Tovaangar; es, Los Ángeles, , ), commonly referred to by the initialism An acronym is a word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest sequence of phonemes that can be u ...

Los Angeles
to apply for a job in radio voice-overs. He did not get it, but stayed in California and eventually signed a $150-per-week contract with
Columbia Pictures Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. is an American film production Filmmaking (film production) is the process by which a Film, motion picture is #Production, produced. Filmmaking involves a number of complex and discrete stages, starting wit ...
' new talent program, playing bit roles in films. His first known role was an uncredited one as a bellhop in ''
Dead Heat on a Merry-Go-Round ''Dead Heat on a Merry-Go-Round'' is a 1966 crime film Crime films, in the broadest sense, is a film genre inspired by and analogous to the crime fiction literary genre. Films of this genre generally involve various aspects of crime and it ...
'' (1966). There is little record of his non-speaking (or "
extra Extra or Xtra may refer to: Arts, entertainment and media Film * ''The Extra'' (1962 film), a Mexican film * ''The Extra'' (2005 film), an Australian film Literature * ''Extra'' (newspaper), a Brazilian newspaper * ''Extra! :''For newspaper ...
") roles in film. Ford was at the bottom of the hiring list, having offended producer Jerry Tokovsky after he played a bellboy in the feature. He was told by Tokovsky that when actor
Tony Curtis Tony Curtis (born Bernard Schwartz; June 3, 1925September 29, 2010) was an American actor whose career spanned six decades, achieving the height of his popularity in the 1950s and early 1960s. He acted in more than 100 films in roles covering a ...

Tony Curtis
delivered a bag of groceries, he did it like a movie star; Ford felt his job was to act like a bellboy. His speaking roles continued next with '' Luv'' (1967), though he was still uncredited. He was finally credited as "Harrison J. Ford" in the 1967
Western Western may refer to: Places *Western, Nebraska, a village in the US *Western, New York, a town in the US *Western Creek, Tasmania, a locality in Australia *Western Junction, Tasmania, a locality in Australia *Western world, countries that ide ...
film ''
A Time for Killing ''A Time for Killing'' is a 1967 Western (genre), Western film directed originally by Roger Corman but finished by Phil Karlson. Filmed in Panavision and Pathécolor, it stars Glenn Ford, George Hamilton (actor), George Hamilton, Inger Stevens, a ...
'', starring
Glenn Ford Gwyllyn Samuel Newton "Glenn" Ford (May 1, 1916 – August 30, 2006) was a Canadian-American actor who often portrayed ordinary men in unusual circumstances. Ford was most prominent during Hollywood's Golden Age as one of the biggest box-office ...
, George Hamilton and
Inger Stevens Inger Stevens (born Ingrid Stensland; October 18, 1934 – April 30, 1970) was a Swedish–American film, television, and stage actress. Early life Inger Stevens was born in Stockholm Stockholm is the Capital city, capital of Swed ...

Inger Stevens
, but the "J" did not stand for anything since he has no middle name. It was added to avoid confusion with , who appeared in more than 80 films between 1915 and 1932 and died in 1957. Ford later said that he was unaware of the existence of the earlier actor until he came upon a star with his own name on the
Hollywood Walk of Fame The Hollywood Walk of Fame is a historic landmark which consists of more than 2,700 five-pointed terrazzo Terrazzo is a composite material, poured in place or precast, which is used for floor and wall treatments. It consists of chips of mar ...

Hollywood Walk of Fame
. Ford soon dropped the "J" and worked for
Universal Studios Universal Pictures (legally Universal City Studios LLC, also known as Universal Studios, or simply Universal; common metonym Metonymy () is a figure of speech A figure of speech or rhetorical figure is a word or phrase that entails an int ...

Universal Studios
, playing minor roles in many television series throughout the late 1960s and early 1970s, including ''
Gunsmoke ''Gunsmoke'' is an American radio and television Western (genre), Western drama series created by director Norman Macdonnell and writer John Meston. It is set in and around Dodge City, Kansas in the 1870s, during the settlement of the Western U ...
'', '' Ironside'', '' The Virginian'', '' The F.B.I.'', ''
Love, American Style ''Love, American Style'' is an anthology series, anthology comedy television series produced by Paramount Television (original), Paramount Television that originally aired between 1969 and 1974. For the 1971-72 and 1972-73 seasons, it was a part ...

Love, American Style
'' and ''
Kung Fu Chinese martial arts, often named under the umbrella terms kung fu (; ), kuoshu () or wushu (), are several hundred fighting styles that have developed over the centuries in China. These fighting styles are often classified according to common ...
''. He appeared in the western ''Journey to Shiloh'' (1968) and had an uncredited, non-speaking role in
Michelangelo Antonioni Michelangelo Antonioni (, ; 29 September 1912 – 30 July 2007) was an Italian film director, screenwriter, editor, and painter. He is best known for his "trilogy on modernity and its discontents" – ''L'Avventura'' (1960), ''La Notte'' ...

Michelangelo Antonioni
's 1970 film ''
Zabriskie Point Zabriskie Point is a part of the Amargosa Range The Amargosa Range is a mountain range in Inyo County, California Inyo County is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers ...
'' as an arrested student protester. French filmmaker
Jacques Demy Jacques Demy (; 5 June 1931 – 27 October 1990) was a French director, lyricist, and screenwriter. He appeared in the wake of the French New Wave alongside contemporaries like Jean-Luc Godard and François Truffaut. Demy's films are celebrate ...
chose Ford for the lead role of his first American film, '' Model Shop'' (1969), but the head of Columbia Pictures thought Ford had "no future" in the film business and told Demy to hire a more experienced actor. The part eventually went to
Gary Lockwood Gary Lockwood (born John Gary Yurosek; February 21, 1937) is an American actor. He is known for his roles as astronaut Frank Poole in the film ''2001: A Space Odyssey (film), 2001: A Space Odyssey'' (1968), and as Lieutenant Commander Gary Mitch ...
. Ford later commented that the experience had been nevertheless a positive one because Demy was the first to show such faith in him. Not happy with the roles offered to him, Ford became a self-taught professional
carpenter Carpentry is a skilled trade A tradesman, skilled tradesman, or tradie refers to a skilled worker who specializes in a particular occupation that requires work experience, on-the-job training, and often formal vocational education ...

carpenter
to support his then-wife and two young sons. Clients at this time included the writers
Joan Didion Joan Didion (; December 5, 1934 – December 23, 2021) was an American writer. Her career began in the 1950s after she won an essay contest sponsored by ''Vogue Vogue may refer to: Media Publications * Vogue (magazine), ''Vogue'' (magazine), ...
and
John Gregory Dunne John Gregory Dunne (May 25, 1932 – December 30, 2003) was an American novelist, screenwriter and literary critic. Life and career Dunne was born in Hartford, Connecticut Hartford is the List of capitals in the United States, capital city ...
, who lived on the beach at Malibu. Ford appears in the documentary '' Joan Didion: The Center Will Not Hold''. He and his wife became friends of the writers. Casting director and fledgling producer
Fred Roos Frederick Ried Roos (born May 22, 1934) is an American film producer. Biography Fred Roos was born on May 22, 1934, in Santa Monica, California, the son of Florence Mary (née Stout) and Victor Otto Roos. He attended Hollywood High School and subs ...
championed the young Ford and secured him an audition with
George Lucas George Walton Lucas Jr. (born May 14, 1944) is an American film director, producer, screenwriter, and entrepreneur. Lucas is best known for creating the ''Star Wars ''Star Wars'' is an American epic film, epic space opera multimedia fr ...

George Lucas
for the role of Bob Falfa, which Ford went on to play in ''
American Graffiti ''American Graffiti'' is a 1973 American coming-of-age Coming of age is a young person's transition from being a child to being an adult. It continues through adolescence. The specific age at which this transition takes place varies bet ...
'' (1973). Ford's relationship with Lucas would profoundly affect his career later on. After director
Francis Ford Coppola Francis Ford Coppola (; ; born April 7, 1939) is an American film director A film director controls a film's artistic and dramatic aspects and visualizes the screenplay (or script) while guiding the film crew and actors in the fulfilment ...

Francis Ford Coppola
's film ''
The Godfather ''The Godfather'' is a 1972 American Epic film, epic crime film directed by Francis Ford Coppola, who co-wrote the screenplay with Mario Puzo, based on Puzo's best-selling 1969 The Godfather (novel), novel of the same name. The film stars Marl ...

The Godfather
'' was a success, he hired Ford to expand his office and gave him small roles in his next two films, ''
The Conversation ''The Conversation'' is a 1974 American mystery Mystery, The Mystery, Mysteries or The Mysteries may refer to: People * Mystery (pickup artist) Erik von Markovik (born September 24, 1971), more popularly known by his stage name, Mystery, is ...

The Conversation
'' (1974) and ''
Apocalypse Now ''Apocalypse Now'' is a 1979 American epic psychological Psychology is the science of mind and behavior. Psychology includes the study of consciousness, conscious and Unconscious mind, unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thoug ...
'' (1979); in the latter film, Ford played an army officer named "G. Lucas".


1977–1997

Ford began to receive bigger roles in films throughout the late 1970s, including ''
Heroes Heroes or Héroes may refer to: * Hero File:Wilhelm Tell Denkmal Altdorf um 1900.jpeg, upWilliam Tell, a popular folk hero of Switzerland. A hero (heroine in its feminine form) is a real person or a main fictional character who, in the fac ...
'' (1977), '' Force 10 from Navarone'' (1978) and '' Hanover Street'' (1979). Ford also co-starred alongside
Gene Wilder Jerome Silberman (June 11, 1933 – August 29, 2016), known professionally as Gene Wilder, was an American actor, comedian, writer and filmmaker. He is known mainly for his comedic roles, but also for his portrayal of Willy Wonka Willy Wonk ...
in the buddy-comedy western ''
The Frisco Kid ''The Frisco Kid'' is a 1979 American western comedy film A comedy film is a category of film A film, also called a movie, motion picture or moving picture, is a work of visual art used to simulate experiences that communicate ideas, ...
'' (1979), playing a bank robber with a heart of gold. His previous work in ''American Graffiti'' eventually landed him his first starring film role when he was hired by Lucas to read lines for actors auditioning for roles in Lucas' upcoming epic space-opera film ''
Star Wars ''Star Wars'' is an American epic film, epic space opera multimedia franchise created by George Lucas, which began with the Star Wars (film), eponymous 1977 film and quickly became a worldwide popular culture, pop-culture Cultural impact of S ...
'' (1977). Lucas was eventually won over by Ford's performance during these line reads and cast him as
Han Solo Han Solo is a fictional character in the ''Star Wars ''Star Wars'' is an American epic Epic commonly refers to: * Epic poetry, a long narrative poem celebrating heroic deeds and events significant to a culture or nation * Epic film, a ge ...
. ''Star Wars'' became one of the most successful and groundbreaking films of all time, and brought Ford, and his co-stars
Mark Hamill Mark Richard Hamill (; born September 25, 1951) is an American actor and voice actor. He is known for playing Luke Skywalker in the ''Star Wars'' film series, winning three Saturn Awards for the role. His other film appearances include ''Corve ...

Mark Hamill
and
Carrie Fisher Carrie Frances Fisher (October 21, 1956 – December 27, 2016) was an American actress and writer. Fisher played Princess Leia Princess Leia Organa is a fictional character in the ''Star Wars ''Star Wars'' is an American epic spac ...

Carrie Fisher
, widespread recognition. He returned to star in the similarly successful ''Star Wars'' sequels ''
The Empire Strikes Back ''The Empire Strikes Back'' (also known as ''Star Wars: Episode V – The Empire Strikes Back'') is a 1980 American epic Epic commonly refers to: * Epic poetry, a long narrative poem celebrating heroic deeds and events significant to ...
'' (1980) and ''
Return of the Jedi ''Return of the Jedi'' (also known as ''Star Wars: Episode VI – Return of the Jedi'' is a 1983 American epic Epic commonly refers to: * Epic poetry, a long narrative poem celebrating heroic deeds and events significant to a culture or nati ...
'' (1983), as well as the ''Star Wars Holiday Special'' (1978). Ford wanted Lucas to kill off Han Solo at the end of ''Return of the Jedi'', saying, "That would have given the whole film a bottom," but Lucas refused. Ford's status as a leading actor was solidified with ''
Raiders of the Lost Ark ''Raiders of the Lost Ark'' is a 1981 American Action film#Action-adventure, action-adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg and written by Lawrence Kasdan, based on a story by George Lucas and Philip Kaufman. It stars Harrison Ford, Karen ...
'' (1981), an action-adventure collaboration between George Lucas and
Steven Spielberg Steven Allan Spielberg (; born December 18, 1946) is an American film director, producer, and screenwriter. He began his career in the New Hollywood New Hollywood, sometimes referred to as the American New Wave or the Hollywood Renaissance, r ...

Steven Spielberg
that gave Ford his second franchise role as the heroic, globe-trotting archaeologist
Indiana Jones ''Indiana Jones'' is an American media franchise based on the adventures of Indiana Jones (character), Dr. Henry Walton "Indiana" Jones Jr., a fictional professor of archaeology, that began in 1981 with the film ''Raiders of the Lost Ark''. In ...
. Like ''Star Wars'', the film was massively successful and became the highest-grossing film of the year. Spielberg was interested in casting Ford from the beginning, but Lucas was not, having already worked with the actor in ''American Graffiti'' and ''Star Wars''. Lucas eventually relented after Tom Selleck was unable to accept. Ford went on to reprise the role throughout the rest of the decade in the prequel ''Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom'' (1984), which co-starred Spielberg's future-wife Kate Capshaw, and the sequel ''
Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade ''Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade'' is a 1989 American action film, action-adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg, from a story co-written by executive producer George Lucas. It is the third installment in the Indiana Jones, ''Indiana J ...
'' (1989), which co-starred Sean Connery as Indy's father, Henry Jones Sr. During the June 1983 filming of ''Temple of Doom'' in London, Ford herniated a disc in his back. The 40-year-old actor was forced to fly back to Los Angeles for surgery and returned six weeks later. Following his leading-man success as Indiana Jones, he played Rick Deckard in
Ridley Scott Sir Ridley Scott (born 30 November 1937) is an English film director and producer. He has directed, among others, the science fiction horror film ''Alien Alien primarily refers to: * Alien (law) In law, an alien is any person A person ...
's dystopian science-fiction film ''Blade Runner'' (1982). Compared to his experiences on the Star Wars and Indiana Jones films, Ford had a difficult time with the production. He recalled to Vanity Fair (magazine), Vanity Fair, “It was a long slog. I didn’t really find it that physically difficult—I thought it was mentally difficult.” Ford and Scott also had differing views on the nature of his character, Deckard, that persist decades later. While not initially a success, ''Blade Runner'' went on to become a cult classic and one of Ford's most highly regarded films. Ford also proved his versatility throughout the 1980s with dramatic parts in films such as ''
Witness In law, a witness is someone who has knowledge about a matter, whether they have sensed it or are testifying on another witnesses' behalf. In law a witness is someone who, either voluntarily or under compulsion, provides testimonial evidence, e ...
'' (1985), '' The Mosquito Coast'' (1986), and ''Frantic (film), Frantic'' (1988) as well as the romantic male lead opposite Melanie Griffith and Sigourney Weaver in the comedy-drama ''Working Girl'' (1988). ''Witness'' and ''The Mosquito Coast'' in particular allowed Ford to explore his potential as a dramatic actor and both performances were widely acclaimed. Ford would later recall that working with director
Peter Weir Peter Lindsay Weir, AM ( ; born 21 August 1944) is an Australian film director. He was a leading figure in the Australian New Wave The Australian New Wave (also known as the Australian Film Revival, Australian Film Renaissance, or New Australi ...
on both ''Witness'' and ''The Mosquito Coast'' were two of the best experiences of his career. In the 1990s, Ford became the second of five actors to portray Jack Ryan in two films of the Jack Ryan film series, film series based on the literary character created by
Tom Clancy Thomas Leo Clancy Jr. (April 12, 1947 – October 1, 2013) was an American novelist. He is best known for his technically detailed espionage and military science, military-science storylines set during and after the Cold War. Seventeen of h ...
: ''
Patriot Games ''Patriot Games'' is a thriller novel, written by Tom Clancy and published in July 1987. It is the indirect sequel to '' Without Remorse'', and is chronologically the first book featuring Jack Ryan, the main character in most of Clancy's nove ...
'' (1992) and ''
Clear and Present Danger Clear and present danger was a doctrine adopted by the Supreme Court of the United States The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the Supreme court, highest court in the Federal judiciary of the United States, federal judiciary o ...
'' (1994), both co-starring Anne Archer and James Earl Jones. Ford took over the role from Alec Baldwin who had previously played the character in ''The Hunt for Red October (film), The Hunt for Red October'' (1990). This led to a long-lasting resentment from Baldwin who claimed to have wanted to reprise the role but Ford had negotiated with Paramount behind his back. Ford also played leading roles in other action-based thrillers throughout the decade such as the critically acclaimed '' The Fugitive ''(1993), ''The Devil's Own'' (1997), and ''
Air Force One Air Force One is the official air traffic control Air traffic control (ATC) is a service provided by ground-based air traffic controller Air traffic control specialists, abbreviated ATCS, are personnel responsible for the safe, ord ...
'' (1997). For his performance in ''The Fugitive'', which also co-starred Tommy Lee Jones, Ford received some of the best reviews of his career, including from Roger Ebert who concluded that, "Ford is once again the great modern movie everyman. As an actor, nothing he does seems merely for show, and in the face of this melodramatic material he deliberately plays down, lays low, gets on with business instead of trying to exploit the drama in meaningless acting flourishes." He also played more straight dramatic roles in '' Presumed Innocent'' (1990) and ''Regarding Henry'' (1991) as well as another romantic lead in '' Sabrina'' (1995), a remake of a classic Sabrina (1954 film), 1954 film with the same name. Ford established working relationships with many well-regarded directors during this time, including Peter Weir, Alan J. Pakula,
Mike Nichols Mike Nichols (born Igor Mikhail Peschkowsky; November 6, 1931 – November 19, 2014) was a German-born American film and theater director, producer, actor, and comedian. He was noted for his ability to work across a range of genres and for his ...

Mike Nichols
, Phillip Noyce, and Sydney Pollack, collaborating twice with each of them. This was the most lucrative period of Ford's career. From 1977 to 1997, he appeared in fourteen films that reached the top fifteen in the yearly domestic box office rankings, twelve of which reached the top ten. Six of the films he appeared in during this time were also nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture amongst numerous other awards: ''Star Wars'', ''Apocalypse Now'', ''Raiders of the Lost Ark'', ''Witness'', ''Working Girl'', and ''The Fugitive''.


1998–2014

In the late 1990s, Ford started appearing in several critically derided and/or commercially disappointing films that failed to match his earlier successes, including ''
Six Days, Seven Nights ''Six Days, Seven Nights'' is a 1998 American adventure action comedy film A comedy film is a category of film A film, also called a movie, motion picture or moving picture, is a work of visual art used to simulate experiences that ...
'' (1998), ''Random Hearts'' (1999), ''K-19: The Widowmaker'' (2002), ''Hollywood Homicide'' (2003), ''Firewall (film), Firewall'' (2006) and ''Extraordinary Measures'' (2010). One exception was ''
What Lies Beneath ''What Lies Beneath'' is a 2000 American supernatural horror thriller film Thriller film, also known as suspense film or suspense thriller, is a broad film genre that evokes excitement and suspense in the audience. The suspense element found in ...

What Lies Beneath
'' (2000) which grossed over $155million in the United States and $291million worldwide. Ford served as an executive producer on ''K-19: The Widowmaker'' and ''Extraordinary Measures'', both of which were based on true events. In the 2001 ''Guinness Book of World Records'', Ford was listed as the richest male actor in the world. In 2004, Ford declined a chance to star in the thriller ''Syriana'', later commenting that "I didn't feel strongly enough about the truth of the material and I think I made a mistake." The role eventually went to George Clooney, who won an Oscar and a Golden Globe for his work. Prior to that, Ford had passed on a role in another Stephen Gaghan-written film, that of Robert Wakefield in ''Traffic (2000 film), Traffic'', which eventually went to Michael Douglas. In 2008, Ford enjoyed success with the release of ''Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull'', the first Indiana Jones film in nineteen years and another collaboration with Lucas and Spielberg. The film received generally positive reviews and was the second highest-grossing film worldwide in 2008. Ford later said he would like to star in another sequel, "...if it didn't take another 20 years to digest." Other 2008 work included ''Crossing Over (film), Crossing Over'', directed by Wayne Kramer. In the film, Ford plays an ICE/Homeland Security Investigations Special Agent, working alongside Ashley Judd and Ray Liotta. He also narrated a feature documentary film about the Dalai Lama entitled ''Dalai Lama Renaissance''. Ford filmed the medical drama ''Extraordinary Measures'' in 2009 in Portland, Oregon. Released January 22, 2010, the film also starred Brendan Fraser and Alan Ruck. Also in 2010, he co-starred in the film ''
Morning Glory Morning glory is a common name for many flowering plants. Morning glory may also refer to: Music *'' (What's the Story) Morning Glory?'', a 1995 album by Oasis ** "Morning Glory" (Oasis song), a 1995 single from the above album ** ''Morning Glory ...
'', along with Rachel McAdams, Diane Keaton and Patrick Wilson (American actor), Patrick Wilson. Although a disappointment at the box office, Ford's performance was well received by critics, some of which thought it was his best role in years. In July 2011, Ford starred alongside Daniel Craig and Olivia Wilde in the science-fiction/western hybrid film ''Cowboys & Aliens''. To promote the film, Ford appeared at the San Diego Comic-Con International and, apparently surprised by the warm welcome, told the audience, "I just wanted to make a living as an actor. I didn't know about this." Also in 2011, Ford starred in Japanese commercials advertising the video game ''Uncharted 3: Drake's Deception'' for the PlayStation 3. 2013 began a trend that saw Ford accepting more diverse supporting roles. That year, Ford co-starred in the corporate espionage thriller ''Paranoia (2013 film), Paranoia'' with Liam Hemsworth and Gary Oldman, who he had previously worked with in ''Air Force One'', and he also appeared in ''Ender's Game (film), Ender's Game'', '' 42'' and ''Anchorman 2: The Legend Continues''. His performance as Branch Rickey in 42 (film), ''42'' was praised by many critics and garnered Ford a nomination as best supporting actor for the Satellite Awards. In 2014, he appeared in ''The Expendables 3'' and the documentary ''Flying the Feathered Edge: The Bob Hoover Project''. The next year, Ford co-starred with Blake Lively in the romantic drama ''
The Age of Adaline ''The Age of Adaline'' is a 2015 American Romance film, romantic fantasy film directed by Lee Toland Krieger and written by J. Mills Goodloe and Salvador Paskowitz. The film stars Blake Lively in the title role, with Michiel Huisman, Kathy Baker, ...
'' to positive notices.


2015–present

Ford reprised the role of Han Solo in the long-awaited Star Wars sequel ''Star Wars: The Force Awakens'' (2015), which became massively successful like its predecessors. During filming on June 11, 2014, Ford suffered what was said to be a fractured ankle when a hydraulic door fell on him. He was airlifted to John Radcliffe Hospital in Oxford, England, for treatment. Ford's son Ben released details on his father's injury, saying that his ankle would likely need a plate and screws, and that filming could be altered slightly with the crew needing to shoot Ford from the waist up for a short time until he recovered. Ford made his return to filming in mid-August, after a two-month layoff as he recovered from his injury. Ford's character was killed off in ''The Force Awakens'', but it was subsequently announced, via a casting call, that Ford would return in some capacity as Solo in ''Episode VIII''. In February 2016, when the cast for ''Episode VIII'' was confirmed, it was indicated that Ford would not reprise his role in the film after all. When Ford was asked if his character could come back in "some form", he replied, "Anything is possible in space." The character eventually reappeared as a vision in ''Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker'' (2019). On February 26, 2015, Alcon Entertainment announced Ford would reprise his role as Rick Deckard in ''
Blade Runner 2049 ''Blade Runner 2049'' is a 2017 American neo-noir science fiction film directed by Denis Villeneuve and written by Hampton Fancher and Michael Green (writer), Michael Green. A sequel to the 1982 film ''Blade Runner'', the film stars Ryan Gosling ...
''. The film, and Ford's performance, was very well received by critics upon its release in October 2017. Scott Collura of IGN called it a, "deep, rich, smart film that's visually awesome and full of great sci-fi concepts" and Ford's role, "a quiet, sort of gut-wrenching interpretation to Deckard and what he must've gone through in the past three decades." Despite the acclaim, the film only grossed $259.3million worldwide, far short of the estimated $400million that the film needed in order to break even. In 2019, Ford had his first voice role in an animated film, as a dog named Rooster in ''The Secret Life of Pets 2''. With filming for a fifth Indiana Jones film having been delayed by a year, Ford headlined a big-budget The Call of the Wild (2020 film), adaptation of Jack London's ''The Call of the Wild'', playing prospector John Thornton. The film was released in February 2020 to a mixed critical reception but its theatrical release was shortened due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on cinema, the film industry.


Personal life

Ford has been married three times, and has four biological children and one adopted child. He was first married to Mary Marquardt from 1964 until their divorce in 1979. They had two sons, chef and restaurateur Benjamin (born 1966) and clothier Willard (born 1969). Benjamin co-owns Ford's Filling Station, a gastropub with locations at L.A. Live in
Los Angeles Los Angeles ( ; xgf, Tovaangar; es, Los Ángeles, , ), commonly referred to by the initialism An acronym is a word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest sequence of phonemes that can be u ...

Los Angeles
and Terminal 5 in Los Angeles International Airport. Willard is the owner of Strong Sports Gym, and was co-owner of the Kim Sing Theater and owner of the Ludwig Clothing company. Ford's second marriage was to screenwriter Melissa Mathison from March 1983 until their separation in 2000 and finalized divorce in 2004. They had a son, actor and musician Malcolm (born 1987), and a daughter, actress Georgia (born 1990). Mathison died in 2015. Ford began dating actress Calista Flockhart after they met at the 2002 Golden Globe Awards. They are the parents of Liam (born 2001), the son she adopted before meeting Ford. He proposed to Flockhart over Valentine's Day weekend in 2009. They married on June 15, 2010, in Santa Fe, New Mexico, where Ford was filming ''Cowboys & Aliens''. Ford and Flockhart live on an ranch in Jackson, Wyoming, on which he has lived since the 1980s and approximately half of which he has donated as a nature reserve. They retain a base in the Brentwood, Los Angeles, Brentwood neighborhood of Los Angeles. He is known as one of Hollywood's most private actors, guarding much of his personal life. In her 2016 autobiography ''The Princess Diarist'', his co-star
Carrie Fisher Carrie Frances Fisher (October 21, 1956 – December 27, 2016) was an American actress and writer. Fisher played Princess Leia Princess Leia Organa is a fictional character in the ''Star Wars ''Star Wars'' is an American epic spac ...

Carrie Fisher
claimed that she and Ford had a three-month affair in 1976 during the filming of ''
Star Wars ''Star Wars'' is an American epic film, epic space opera multimedia franchise created by George Lucas, which began with the Star Wars (film), eponymous 1977 film and quickly became a worldwide popular culture, pop-culture Cultural impact of S ...
''.


Aviation

Ford is a licensed pilot of both fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters. On several occasions, he has personally provided emergency helicopter services at the request of local authorities in
Wyoming Wyoming () is a U.S. state, state in the Mountain states, Mountain West subregion of the Western United States. The List of U.S. states and territories by area, 10th largest state by area, it is also the List of U.S. states and territories b ...
, in one instance rescuing a hiker overcome by dehydration. Ford began flight training in the 1960s at Wild Rose Idlewild Airport in Wild Rose, Wisconsin, flying in a Piper PA-20 Pacer, Piper PA-22 Tri-Pacer, but at $15 an hour (), he could not afford to continue the training. In the mid-1990s, he bought a used Gulfstream II and asked one of his pilots, Terry Bender, to give him flying lessons. They started flying a Cessna 182 out of Jackson, Wyoming, later switching to Teterboro, New Jersey, Teterboro, New Jersey, flying a Cessna 206, the aircraft in which he made his first solo flight. Ford's aircraft is kept at Santa Monica Airport. The Bell 407 is often kept and flown in Jackson and has been used by the actor in two mountain rescues during his assigned duty time with Teton County, Wyoming, Teton County Search and Rescue. On one of the rescues, Ford recovered a hiker who had become lost and disoriented. She boarded Ford's helicopter and promptly vomited into one of the rescuers' caps, unaware of who the pilot was until much later; "I can't believe I barfed in Harrison Ford's helicopter!" she said later. Ford flies his de Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver (N28S) more than any of his other aircraft, and has repeatedly said that he likes this aircraft and the sound of its Pratt & Whitney R-985 radial engine. According to Ford, it had been flown in the CIA's Air America (airline), Air America operations and was riddled with bullet holes that had to be patched up. In March 2004, Ford officially became chairman of the Young Eagles program of the Experimental Aircraft Association (EAA). Ford was asked to take the position by Greg Anderson, Senior Vice President of the EAA at the time, to replace General Chuck Yeager, who was vacating the post that he had held for many years. Ford at first was hesitant, but later accepted the offer and has made appearances with the Young Eagles at the EAA AirVenture Oshkosh gathering at Oshkosh, Wisconsin, Oshkosh, Wisconsin, for two years. In July 2005, at the gathering in Oshkosh, Ford agreed to accept the position for another two years. He has flown over 280 children as part of the Young Eagles program, usually in his DHC-2 Beaver, which can seat the actor and five children. Ford stepped down as program chairman in 2009 and was replaced by Captain Chesley Sullenberger and First Officer Jeff Skiles. He is involved with the EAA chapter in Driggs, Idaho, just over the Teton Range from Jackson, Wyoming. On July 28, 2016, Ford flew the two millionth Young Eagle at the EAA AirVenture convention. As of 2009, Ford appears in Internet advertisements for General Aviation Serves America, a campaign by the advocacy group Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA). He has also appeared in several independent aviation documentaries, including ''Wings Over the Rockies'' (2009), ''Flying The Feathered Edge: The Bob Hoover Project'' (2014) and ''Living in the Age of Airplanes'' (2015). Ford is an honorary board member of the humanitarian aviation organization Wings of Hope (charity), Wings of Hope, and is known for having made several trips to Washington, D.C., to fight for pilots' rights. He has also donated substantial funds to aerobatic champion Sean D. Tucker, Sean Tucker's charitable program, The Bob Hoover Academy (named after legendary aviator Bob Hoover) which educates at-risk teens in central California and teaches them how to fly.


Incidents

On October 23, 1999, Ford was involved in the crash of a Bell 206, Bell 206L4 LongRanger helicopter. The NTSB accident report states that Ford was piloting the aircraft over the Lake Piru riverbed near Santa Clarita, California, on a routine training flight. While making his second attempt at an autorotation with powered recovery, the aircraft was unable to recover power after the sudden drop in altitude. It landed hard and began skidding forward in the loose gravel before flipping onto its side. Neither Ford nor the instructor pilot suffered any injuries, though the helicopter was seriously damaged. On March 5, 2015, Ford's plane, believed to be a Ryan PT-22 Recruit, made an emergency landing on the Penmar Golf Course in Venice, California. Ford had radioed in to report that the plane had experienced engine failure. He was taken to Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center, where he was reported to be in fair to moderate condition. Ford suffered a broken pelvis and broken ankle during the accident, as well as other injuries. On February 13, 2017, Ford landed an Aviat Husky at John Wayne Airport in Orange, California, Orange County, California, on the taxiway left of runway 20L. A Boeing 737 was holding short of the runway on the taxiway when Ford overflew them. On April 24, 2020, at the Los Angeles Hawthorne Municipal Airport (California), Hawthorne Airport, Ford was piloting a plane when he crossed a runway where another aircraft was landing.


Activism


Environmental work

Ford is vice-chair of
Conservation International Conservation International (CI) is an American nonprofit environmental organization headquartered in Crystal City, Arlington, Virginia. Its mission is to spotlight and secure the critical benefits that nature provides to humanity, such as food, ...
, an American nonprofit environmental organization headquartered in Arlington County, Virginia, Arlington, Virginia. The organization's intent is to protect nature. In September 2013, Ford, while filming an Environmentalism, environmental documentary in Indonesia, interviewed the Indonesian Forestry Minister, Zulkifli Hasan. After the interview, Ford and his crew were accused of "harassing state institutions" and publicly threatened with deportation. Questions within the interview concerned the Tesso Nilo National Park, Sumatra. It was alleged the Minister of Forestry was given no prior warning of questions nor the chance to explain the challenges of catching people with illegal logging. Ford was provided an audience with the Indonesian President, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, during which he expressed concerns regarding Indonesia's environmental degradation and the government efforts to climate change mitigation, address climate change. In response, the President explained Indonesia's commitment to preserving its oceans and forests. In 1993, the arachnology, arachnologist Norman Platnick named a new species of spider ''Calponia harrisonfordi'', and in 2002, the entomology, entomologist Edward O. Wilson named a new ant species ''Pheidole harrisonfordi'' (in recognition of Harrison's work as Vice Chairman of
Conservation International Conservation International (CI) is an American nonprofit environmental organization headquartered in Crystal City, Arlington, Virginia. Its mission is to spotlight and secure the critical benefits that nature provides to humanity, such as food, ...
). Since 1992, Ford has lent his voice to a series of public service messages promoting environmental involvement for EarthShare, an American federation of environmental and conservation charities. He has acted as a spokesperson for Restore Hetch Hetchy, a non-profit organization dedicated to restoring Yosemite National Park's Hetch Hetchy Valley to its original condition. Ford also appears in the documentary series ''Years of Living Dangerously'', which reports on people affected by and seeking solutions to climate change. In 2019, on behalf of Conservation International, Ford gave an impassioned speech during the United Nations' Climate Action Summit in New York on the destruction of the Amazon rainforest and its effect on climate change for the rest of the world. Ford urged his audience to listen to 'angry young people' trying to make a difference in the situation, emphasizing, "The most important thing we can do for them is to get the hell out of their way."


Political views

Like his parents, Ford is a lifelong
Democrat Democrat, Democrats, or Democratic may refer to: *A proponent of democracy, or democratic government; a form of government involving rule by the people. *A member of a Democratic Party: **Democratic Party (United States) (D) **Democratic Party (Cy ...
. On September 7, 1995, Ford testified before the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee in support of the Dalai Lama and an independent Tibet. In 2007, he narrated the documentary ''Dalai Lama Renaissance''. In 2003, he publicly condemned the Iraq War and called for "regime change" in the United States. He also criticized Cinema of the United States, Hollywood for making movies which were "more akin to video games than stories about human life and relationships", and he called for more gun control in the United States. After Republican Party (United States), Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump said his favorite role of Ford's was ''
Air Force One Air Force One is the official air traffic control Air traffic control (ATC) is a service provided by ground-based air traffic controller Air traffic control specialists, abbreviated ATCS, are personnel responsible for the safe, ord ...
'' because he "stood up for America", Ford reasoned that it was just a film and made critical statements against Donald Trump 2016 presidential campaign, Trump's presidential bid. For the first time ever endorsing a political candidate for office, Ford endorsed Joe Biden's Joe Biden 2020 presidential campaign, 2020 presidential campaign against Donald Trump. He said that he wanted to "encourage people to support candidates that will support the environment" and felt that under Trump, the United States has "lost some of our credibility in the world". Along with
Mark Hamill Mark Richard Hamill (; born September 25, 1951) is an American actor and voice actor. He is known for playing Luke Skywalker in the ''Star Wars'' film series, winning three Saturn Awards for the role. His other film appearances include ''Corve ...

Mark Hamill
, Ford worked with the anti-Trump Republican group The Lincoln Project to produce and narrate a 2020 United States presidential election, 2020 election ad attacking Trump's disparaging of Anthony Fauci. In 2009, Ford signed a petition calling for the release of film director
Roman Polanski Roman Polanski ( ; pl, Roman Polański ; born Raymond Thierry Liebling on 18 August 1933) is a Polish-French film director, producer, screenwriter, and actor. His Polish-Jewish parents moved the family back from Paris to Kraków in 1937.Pa ...

Roman Polanski
, who had been arrested in Switzerland in relation to his Roman Polanski sexual abuse case, 1977 charge for drugging and raping a 13-year-old girl.


Archaeology

Following on his success portraying the archaeologist Indiana Jones, Ford also plays a part in supporting the work of professional archaeologists. He serves as a General Trustee on the Governing Board of the Archaeological Institute of America (AIA), North America's oldest and largest organization devoted to the world of archaeology. Ford assists them in their mission of increasing public awareness of archaeology and preventing looting and the Antiquities trade#Illicit trade, illegal antiquities trade.


''Star Wars'': Force for Change

Ford participated in a ''Star Wars'' promotion geared toward fans who donated to Star Wars: Force for Change, ''Star Wars'': Force for Change on video call which offered them the opportunity to purchase tickets to the premiere of ''The Force Awakens''.


Acting credits and awards

Throughout his career, Ford has received significant recognition for his work in the entertainment industry. In 1986, he was nominated for Academy Award for Best Actor, Best Actor at the 58th Academy Awards for his performance in ''Witness'', a role for which he also received 39th British Academy Film Awards, BAFTA and 43rd Golden Globe Awards, Golden Globe nominations in the same category. Three additional Golden Globe nominations went to Ford in 44th Golden Globe Awards, 1987, 51st Golden Globe Awards, 1994 and 53rd Golden Globe Awards, 1996 for his performances in ''The Mosquito Coast'', ''The Fugitive'' and ''Sabrina''. In 2000, he was the recipient of the
AFI Life Achievement Award The AFI Life Achievement Award was established by the board of directors of the American Film Institute The American Film Institute (AFI) is an American film A film, also called a movie, motion picture or moving picture, is a work of ...
from the American Film Institute for his body of work, presented to him by two of his closest collaborators and fellow industry giants, George Lucas and Steven Spielberg. In 2002, he was given the Cecil B. DeMille Award, another career achievement honor, from the Hollywood Foreign Press Association at the 59th Golden Globe Awards ceremony. On May 30, 2003, Ford received a star on the
Hollywood Walk of Fame The Hollywood Walk of Fame is a historic landmark which consists of more than 2,700 five-pointed terrazzo Terrazzo is a composite material, poured in place or precast, which is used for floor and wall treatments. It consists of chips of mar ...

Hollywood Walk of Fame
. In 2006, he received the Jules Verne Award, given to an actor who has "encouraged the spirit of adventure and imagination" throughout their career. He was presented with the first-ever Hero Award at the 2007 Scream Awards for his many iconic roles, including Indiana Jones and
Han Solo Han Solo is a fictional character in the ''Star Wars ''Star Wars'' is an American epic Epic commonly refers to: * Epic poetry, a long narrative poem celebrating heroic deeds and events significant to a culture or nation * Epic film, a ge ...
(both of which earned him two Saturn Awards for Saturn Award for Best Actor, Best Actor in 9th Saturn Awards, 1982 and 42nd Saturn Awards, 2016, respectively), and in 2008 he received the Spike Guys' Choice Awards, Spike TV's Guy's Choice Award for "Brass Balls". In 2015, Ford received the Albert R. Broccoli Britannia Award for Worldwide Contribution to Entertainment from BAFTA Los Angeles. In 2018, Ford was honored by the SAG-AFTRA Foundation with the Artists Inspiration Award for both his acting and philanthropic work alongside fellow honoree Lady Gaga. SAG-AFTRA Foundation Board President JoBeth Williams in the press release said, “Harrison Ford is an acting legend in every known galaxy, but what many do not know are the decades of philanthropic service and leadership he has given to Conservation International to help protect our planet." Other prestigious film honors for Ford include the Honorary Cesar, the Career Achievement Award from the Hollywood Film Awards, the Kirk Douglas Award for Excellence in Film from the Santa Barbara International Film Festival, the Box Office Star of the Century Award from the National Association of Theatre Owners and the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Locarno Festival, Locarno Film Festival. Ford has also been honored multiple times for his involvement in general aviation, receiving the Living Legends of Aviation Award and the Experimental Aircraft Association's Freedom of Flight Award in 2009, the Wright Brothers Memorial Trophy in 2010 and the Albert Lee Ueltschi, Al Ueltschi Humanitarian Award in 2013. In 2013, ''Flying (magazine), Flying'' magazine ranked him number 48 on their list of the 51 Heroes of Aviation.


References


External links

* *
Harrison Ford
at
Hollywood Walk of Fame The Hollywood Walk of Fame is a historic landmark which consists of more than 2,700 five-pointed terrazzo Terrazzo is a composite material, poured in place or precast, which is used for floor and wall treatments. It consists of chips of mar ...

Hollywood Walk of Fame
{{DEFAULTSORT:Ford, Harrison 20th-century American male actors 21st-century American male actors 1942 births Activists from California Actors from Park Ridge, Illinois Actors Fund of America AFI Life Achievement Award recipients American carpenters American conservationists American environmentalists American male film actors American male television actors American male video game actors American male voice actors American people of Belarusian-Jewish descent American people of Irish descent Aviators from Illinois California Democrats Cecil B. DeMille Award Golden Globe winners César Honorary Award recipients Film producers from Illinois Living people Male actors from Chicago Ripon College (Wisconsin) alumni Survivors of aviation accidents or incidents American gun control activists Jewish American male actors American Ashkenazi Jews Experimental Aircraft Association 21st-century American Jews