HOME

TheInfoList




The ''Hanyu Da Cidian'' () is the most inclusive available
Chinese dictionary Chinese dictionaries date back over two millennia to the Han Dynasty, which is a significantly longer lexicographical history than any other language. There are hundreds of dictionaries for the Chinese language, and this article discusses some of t ...
. Lexicographically comparable to the ''
Oxford English Dictionary The ''Oxford English Dictionary'' (''OED'') is the principal historical dictionary A historical dictionary or dictionary on historical principles is a dictionary which deals not only with the latterday meanings of words but also the historica ...
'', it has
diachronic Synchrony and diachrony are two complementary viewpoints in linguistic Linguistics is the scientific study of language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (S ...
coverage of the
Chinese language Chinese ( or also , especially for the written language) is a group of language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic lan ...
, and traces usage over three millennia from
Chinese classic texts Chinese classic texts or canonical texts () or simply dianji (典籍) refers to the Chinese texts which originated before the imperial unification by the Qin dynasty The Qin dynasty, or Ch'in dynasty in Wade–Giles Wade–Giles ( ...
to modern slang. The chief editor Luo Zhufeng (1911–1996), along with a team of over 300 scholars and lexicographers, started the enormous task of compilation in 1979. Publication of the thirteen volumes began with first volume in 1986 and ended with the appendix and index volume in 1994. In 1994, the dictionary also won the National Book Award of China. The ''Hanyu Da Cidian'' includes over 23,000 head
Chinese character Chinese characters, also called ''hanzi'' (), are logogram In a written language A written language is the representation of a spoken or gestural language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, ...

Chinese character
entries, defines some 370,000 words, and gives 1,500,000 citations. The head entries, which are
collated Collation is the assembly of written information into a standard order. Many systems of collation are based on number, numerical order or alphabetical order, or extensions and combinations thereof. Collation is a fundamental element of most office ...
by a novel 200
radical Radical may refer to: Arts and entertainment Music *Radical (mixtape), ''Radical'' (mixtape), by Odd Future, 2010 *Radical (Every Time I Die album), ''Radical'' (Every Time I Die album), 2021 *Radical (Smack album), ''Radical'' (Smack album), 1988 ...
system, are given in
traditional Chinese character Traditional Chinese characters are one type of standard Chinese character Chinese characters, also called ''hanzi'' (), are logogram In a written language A written language is the representation of a spoken or gestural l ...
s while
simplified Chinese character Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters used in Mainland China and Singapore, as prescribed by the ''Table of General Standard Chinese Characters''. Along with traditional Chinese characters, they are one of the two st ...
s are noted. Definitions and explanations are in simplified, excepting classical quotations. Volume 13 has both
pinyin ''Hanyu Pinyin'' (), often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization Romanization or romanisation, in linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language, meaning that it is a comprehensive, systematic, objecti ...

pinyin
and
stroke A stroke is a medical condition A disease is a particular abnormal condition that negatively affects the structure or function (biology), function of all or part of an organism, and that is not due to any immediate external injury. Di ...
count indexes, plus appendices. A separate index volume (1997) lists 728,000 entries for characters by their position within words and phrases, something like a reverse dictionary. For instance, the ''Hanyu da cidian'' enters ''
Daode jing The ''Tao Te Ching'' (, ; ) is a Chinese classic text Chinese classic texts or canonical texts () or simply dianji (典籍) refers to the Chinese texts which originated before the imperial unification by the Qin dynasty in 221 BC, particu ...
'' () under the head character ''dao''; this reverse-index lists it under both ''de'' and ''jing''. "Despite the fact that it weighs over 20 kilos and contains a total of 50 million characters spread over 20,000 large double-column pages," says Wilkinson, "the ''Hanyu da cidian'' is an easy dictionary to use to the full because it is unusually well indexed." It became even easier to use when Victor H. Mair edited a single-sort alphabetically arranged pinyin index. ''Hanyu Da Cidian'' was consulted in the writing of ''
The First Series of Standardized Forms of Words with Non-standardized Variant Forms ''The First Series of Standardized Forms of Words with Non-standardized Variant Forms'' () published on December 19, 2001 and officially implemented on March 31, 2002, is a Standard Chinese Standard Chinese (), in linguistics known as S ...
''.


Publications


''Hanyu Da Cidian'' by Chinese Dictionary Publishing House

*1st edition **
mainland Mainland is defined as "relating to or forming the main part of a country or continent, not including the islands around it egardless of status under territorial jurisdiction by an entity" The term is often human geography, politically, econo ...

mainland
edition (): 12 volumes. ***?th impression (????-??-??) **Collector's edition (): Published by Joint Publishing (Hong Kong) Company Limited. 13 volumes. ***?th impression (1995-11-01) **Compact edition (): 3 volumes. ***?th impression (1997-04) **Simplified edition (): Includes over 20000 head characters, 200,000 words. 2 volumes. ***3-volume edition (/): ****?th impression (1999-06-01) ***2-volume edition (): 1 impression, 1 edition. ****?th impression (2000-02-01) **Popular edition () () ***?th impression (2000-08-01) *2nd edition: Originally announced in 2012, the publication was to begin in 2015, with all 25 volumes to be completed in 2020. The complete set would include about 60 million characters.


''Hanyu Da Cidian'' by Shanghai Lexicographical Publishing House

*1st edition **correction volume () (/): Includes over 30000 entries. 1 volume. ***?th impression (2010-12-??) **Popular edition () (//H.494): Includes over 200,000 entries. ***?th impression (2012-03-01) **Compact edition () (//H.331): Based on the 12-volume edition. Includes over 370,000 entries, over 23,000 head characters, 347,426 compound words. 3 volumes. ***?th impression (2007-12-01) ***?th impression (2008-04-01) **22-volume edition () (): 22 volumes. ***?th impression (2008-08-??) **23-volume edition () (): 23 volumes (12+1 index+14 addition). ***?th impression (2011-06-01)


''Hanyu Da Cidian'' by Joint Publishing (Hong Kong) Company Limited

*1st edition **Volume 1 () (/) ***?th impression (1995-07-01) **Volume 2 () (/) ***?th impression (1995-07-01) **Volume 3 () (/) ***?th impression (1989-10-01) **Volume 4 () (/) ***?th impression (1990-04-01) **Volume 5 () (/) ***?th impression (1990-10-01) **Volume 6 () (ISBN ?/ISBN ?) ***?th impression (????-??-??) **Volume 7 () (/) ***?th impression (1992-03-01) **Volume 8 () (/) ***?th impression (1992-08-01) **Volume 9 () (/) ***?th impression (1993-04-01) **Volume 10 () (/) ***?th impression (1993-08-01) **Volume 11 () (/) ***?th impression (1994-01-01) **Volume 12 () (/) ***?th impression (1994-08-01) **Appendix/index () (/) ***?th impression (1995-03-01) **Overseas edition (-S): 13 volumes (12+1 appendix/index). ***?th impression (1995-07-01)


''Hanyu Da Cidian'' by Tung Hua Book Co.

*1st edition: Changes from Chinese Dictionary Publishing House version include omission of simplified Chinese forms in the head character, addition of Mandarin phonetic symbols for pronunciations. **12-volume edition () (): Includes over 50,000 characters, over 370,000 entries, 2,253 coloured pictures. 13(12+1 index) volumes. ***?th impression (1997-09-01) ***?th impression (2004-04-01)


Optical disc editions

The abridged CD-ROM version (2.0) contains 18,013 head characters, 336,385 words and phrases (without pinyin), and 861,956 citations. It includes male and female sound files for single-syllable pronunciation, and enables more than 20 search methods. It requires
Microsoft Windows Microsoft Windows, commonly referred to as Windows, is a group of several proprietary {{Short pages monitor