HOME

TheInfoList






gl, Goberno de España
eu, Espainiako Gobernua , image = , caption = Logo of the Government of Spain , headerstyle = background-color: #efefef , label1 = Role , data1 =
Executive power The executive (short for executive branch or executive power) is the part of government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, ...
, label2 = Established , data2 = , label3 = Country , data3 =
Kingdom of Spain , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_map = , map_caption = , image_map2 ...
, label4 = Appointed by , data4 =
Monarch A monarch is a head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona A persona (plural personae or personas), depending on the context, can refer to either the public image of one's personality, or the social role tha ...
, label5 = Main organ , data5 =
Council of Ministers The Council of Ministers is a traditional name given to the supreme Executive (government), executive organ in some governments. The term is usually equivalent to the word "Cabinet (government), cabinet" (Council of state, Council of State is a simi ...
, label6 = Responsible to , data6 =
Cortes Generales The Cortes Generales (; en, Spanish Parliament, lit=General Courts) are the bicameral Bicameralism is the practice of having a legislature A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Deliberative ...
, label7 = Constitution instrument , data7 = Government Act of 1997 , header8 = Cabinet , label9 = Members , data9 = Sánchez Government , label10 =
Prime Minister A prime minister or a premier is the head of the cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers * Display cabinet, a piece of furniture with one or more transpa ...
, data10 = Pedro Sánchez , label11 = Deputy Prime Minister , data11 =
Nadia Calviño Nadia María Calviño Santamaría (born 3 October 1968) is a Spanish economist and civil servant who serves as Second Deputy Prime Minister of Spain since 2021 and as Ministry of Economy (Spain), Minister of Economy since 2018 under prime minister ...

Nadia Calviño
, label12 = Number of members , data12 = 23 , header14 = Administration , label15 = Working
language , data15 =
Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish language **Spanish cuisine Other places * Spanish, Ontario, Canada * Spanish River (disambiguation), the name of several ...

Spanish
, label16 = Staff organization , data16 = Ministries , label17 = Location , data17 =
Madrid Madrid ( , ) is the capital and most populous city of Spain , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_ ...

Madrid
,
Spain , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_map = , map_caption = , image_map2 ...

Spain
, label18 = Seat , data18 =
Moncloa Palace The Palace of Moncloa or Moncloa Palace ( es, Palacio de la Moncloa) is the official residence An official residence is the residence A residence is a place (normally a building) used as a home A home, or domicile, is a space used a ...

(since 1977) , label19 = Website , data19
Official website
The Government of Spain ( es, Gobierno de España) is the
central government A central government is the government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a month ...
which leads the
executive branch The executive (short for executive branch or executive power) is the part of government that enforces law, and has Moral responsibility, responsibility for the governance of a State (polity), state. In political systems based on the principle ...
and the
General State Administration The General State Administration ( es, Administración General del Estado) is one of the Public Administrations of Spain. It is the only administration with powers throughout the national territory and it is controlled by the central government ...
of the
Kingdom of Spain , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_map = , map_caption = , image_map2 ...

Kingdom of Spain
. The Government consists of the
Prime Minister A prime minister or a premier is the head of the cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers * Display cabinet, a piece of furniture with one or more transpa ...
and the Ministers; the prime minister has the overall direction of the Ministers and can appoint or terminate their appointments freely and all of them belong to the supreme decision-making body, known as the
Council of Ministers The Council of Ministers is a traditional name given to the supreme Executive (government), executive organ in some governments. The term is usually equivalent to the word "Cabinet (government), cabinet" (Council of state, Council of State is a simi ...
. The Government is responsible before the Parliament (
Cortes Generales The Cortes Generales (; en, Spanish Parliament, lit=General Courts) are the bicameral Bicameralism is the practice of having a legislature A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Deliberative ...
), and more precisely before the Congress of the Deputies, a body which elects the
Prime Minister A prime minister or a premier is the head of the cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers * Display cabinet, a piece of furniture with one or more transpa ...
or dismisses them through a
motion of censure A motion of no confidence, vote of no confidence, or no confidence motion, sometimes in the reverse as a motion of confidence or vote of confidence, is a statement or vote about whether a person in a position of responsibility (government, manager ...
. This is because Spain is a
parliamentary system A parliamentary system or parliamentary democracy is a system of democratic Democrat, Democrats, or Democratic may refer to: *A proponent of democracy Democracy ( gr, δημοκρατία, ''dēmokratiā'', from ''dēmos'' 'people' an ...
established by the Constitution of 1978. Its fundamental regulation is placed in Title IV of the Constitution, as well as in Title V of that document, with respect to its relationship with the Cortes Generales, and in Law 50/1997, of 27 November, of the Government. According to Article 97 of the Constitution and Article 1.1 of the Government Act, "''the Government directs domestic and foreign policy, the civil and military administration and the defense of the State. It exercises the executive function and the regulatory regulation according to the Constitution and the laws''". The current prime minister is Pedro Sánchez, who took office on 2 June 2018. He is the leader of the Socialist Workers' Party. The Government is occasionally referred to with the
metonymy Metonymy () is a figure of speech in which a thing or concept is referred to by the name of something closely associated with that thing or concept. Etymology The words ''metonymy'' and ''metonym'' come from the Greek language, Greek , , "a cha ...
''Moncloa'', due to the fact that the residence of the Prime Minister, the
Palace of Moncloa The Palace of Moncloa or Moncloa Palace ( es, Palacio de la Moncloa) is the official residence An official residence is the residence A residence is a place (normally a building) used as a home A home, or domicile, is a space used a ...
, is also the headquarters of the Government.


Principles

The Government's performance is governed by the following operating principles: * Principle of presidential direction: The
Prime Minister A prime minister or a premier is the head of the cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers * Display cabinet, a piece of furniture with one or more transpa ...
directs to the Ministers and can appoint or dismiss them freely. * Principle of responsibility: The Prime Minister responds politically to the
Congress of Deputies The Congress of Deputies ( es, link=no, Congreso de los Diputados) is the lower house A lower house is one of two chambers Chambers may refer to: Places Canada: *Chambers Township, Ontario United States: *Chambers County, Alabama *Chamb ...

Congress of Deputies
for the action of the Government. The eventual cessation of the Prime Minister implies the cessation of the Government. * Principle of collegiality: The Government, understood as
Council of Ministers The Council of Ministers is a traditional name given to the supreme Executive (government), executive organ in some governments. The term is usually equivalent to the word "Cabinet (government), cabinet" (Council of state, Council of State is a simi ...
, is a collegiate body composed of a plurality of members of the Government. * Principle of solidarity: The Government responds in solidum for the action of each one of the members of the Government. * Departmental principle: The members of the Government, as well as members of this collegiate body, are also the heads of a
department Department may refer to: * Departmentalization, division of a larger organization into parts with specific responsibility Government and military *Department (country subdivision), a geographical and administrative division within a country, for e ...
in charge of a more or less homogeneous area of competence.


Government in Parliament

The Kingdom of Spain is a
constitutional monarchy A constitutional monarchy, parliamentary monarchy, or democratic monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the monarch exercises his authority in accordance with a constitution and is not alone in deciding. Constitutional monarchies differ from ...
in which executive decisions are made by the Government. More specifically, the Spanish Constitution describes Spain's form of government as "Monarquía parlamentaria," or parliamentary monarchy, in which the monarch acts as a moderator rather than a source of executory authority. Spain possesses an asymmetric
bicameral Bicameralism is the practice of having a legislature A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kind of collective) ...
parliament, called the "Cortes Generales," composed of the
Congress of Deputies The Congress of Deputies ( es, link=no, Congreso de los Diputados) is the lower house A lower house is one of two chambers Chambers may refer to: Places Canada: *Chambers Township, Ontario United States: *Chambers County, Alabama *Chamb ...

Congress of Deputies
and the
Senate The Curia Julia in the Roman Forum ">Roman_Forum.html" ;"title="Curia Julia in the Roman Forum">Curia Julia in the Roman Forum A senate is a deliberative assembly, often the upper house or Debating chamber, chamber of a bicameral legislatu ...
. While both the Congress and Senate propose legislation, albeit by different procedural mechanisms, the Government has the right to be consulted for such proposals. The Government may also propose law directly. A Government-sponsored bill is known as a ''proyecto de ley'', contrasting with a ''proposición de ley'' which is offered by a house of parliament. Neither the prime minister nor the ministers need to be
members of parliament A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the people who live in their constituency An electoral district, also known as an election district, legislative district, voting district, constituency, riding, ward, division, (election) ...
, but the Government must account to both the Senate and Congress every week in a parliamentary meeting known as a ''sesión de control'' (control session) ( Part V § 108). Questioning minor-rank ministers, such as Secretaries of State or Under Secretaries, must be done in Parliamentary Committees. While the prime minister is typically elected from the members of Congress, the current prime minister, Pedro Sánchez, was not a member of either chamber for the first year of his premiership. Under the parliamentary system, the Government is required to maintain the confidence of the Congress of Deputies. In the absence of such confidence, the Government may fall or prove unable to pass legislation. There are two procedures to ascertain the Congress's confidence in the Government: the
motion of no-confidence A motion of no confidence, vote of no confidence, or no confidence motion, sometimes in the reverse as a motion of confidence or vote of confidence, is a statement or vote about whether a person in a Authority, position of responsibility (govern ...
( Part V § 113), by which members of parliament can ask the Congress to rescind its confidence in the prime minister and to elect another, and the question of confidence ( Part V § 112), by which the prime minister asks the Congress if it supports the Government's political programs generally or a specific piece of legislation. A loss by the Government in either case may result in the removal of the prime minister.


The Government and the Crown

The
Spanish monarch , coatofarms = Coat of Arms of Spanish Monarch.svg , coatofarms_article = Coat of arms of the King of Spain , image = (Felipe de Borbón) Inauguración de FITUR 2018 (39840659951) (cropped).jpg , incumbent = Feli ...
, currently
King Felipe VI Felipe VI or Philip VI (; Felipe Juan Pablo Alfonso de Todos los Santos de Borbón y Grecia; born 30 January 1968) is the King of Spain , coatofarms = Coat of Arms of Spanish Monarch.svg , coatofarms_article = Coat of arms of the King ...
, is the head of state and the
commander-in-chief A commander-in-chief or supreme commander is the person who exercises supreme command and control Command and control is a "set of organizational and technical attributes and processes ... hat A collection of 18th and 19th century men' ...
of the armed forces. As a monarch of a parliamentary monarchy, the executive power does not belong to The Crown and is independent from it. The Constitution gives the monarch a symbolic role, but also a moderating role, being able to intervene if there is a conflict between the country's institutions ( Part II § 56). As commander-in-chief of the armed forces, former
King Juan Carlos I Juan Carlos I (;, * ca, Joan Carles I, * gl, Xoán Carlos I, Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias, born 5 January 1938) is a member of the Spanish royal family #REDIRECT Spanish royal family#REDIRECT Spanis ...
suppressed the 23-F Spanish coup d'état attempt in February 1981, showing that the monarch has more power than the constitution grants him. The
heir presumptive An heir presumptive is the person entitled to inherit a throne, peerage, or other hereditary honour, but whose position can be displaced by the birth of an heir apparent or of a new heir presumptive with a better claim to the position in questio ...
is
Leonor, Princess of Asturias (Leonor de Todos los Santos de Borbón y Ortiz; born 31 October 2005) is the heir presumptive An heir presumptive is the person entitled to inherit a throne, peerage, or other hereditary honour, but whose position can be displaced by the birth ...
. The Constitution also gives the monarch some powers known as Royal Prerogatives. These prerogatives range from the signing of international treaties, to declaring war and making peace or to dissolving the parliament. However, with the arrival of democracy, these prerogatives have been regulated and most of them must be countersigned by an official. Although the monarch is not part of the executive power, the prime minister has weekly meetings with him to inform him about the Government's activity and the King can express his opinion. In the same sense, the monarch is normally invited to the first
Council of Ministers The Council of Ministers is a traditional name given to the supreme Executive (government), executive organ in some governments. The term is usually equivalent to the word "Cabinet (government), cabinet" (Council of state, Council of State is a simi ...
of every new government (and others if the prime ministers wants to) and to the meetings of bodies such as the
National Security Council#REDIRECT National security council A National Security Council (NSC) is usually an executive branch The executive is the branch of government exercising authority in and holding Moral responsibility, responsibility for the governance of a State ...
or the National Defence Council. The Royal prerogatives are:


Domestic powers

* The power to appoint and dismiss the
prime minister A prime minister or a premier is the head of the cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers * Display cabinet, a piece of furniture with one or more transpa ...
. This power is exercised by the monarch himself. By convention he appoints the individual with most support of the Congress. * The power to dismiss and appoint other ministers. This power is exercised by the monarch on the advice of the prime minister. * The power to assent to and enact laws by giving Royal Assent to Bills passed by Parliament, which is required in order for a law to make it into a law. This prerogative is exercised by the monarch but needs the countersigned of the prime minister. It is not constitutionally allowed for him to refuse to sign a law passed by Parliament. * The power to assent to and enact norms with a lower rank than law. This prerogative is exercised by the monarch but needs the countersignature of the prime minister, a minister, the
president of the Congress President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate title) *President (education), a leader of a college or university *President (government title) President may also refer to: Automobiles * Nissan President, a 1966–2010 Japanese full- ...
, or the
Senate The Curia Julia in the Roman Forum ">Roman_Forum.html" ;"title="Curia Julia in the Roman Forum">Curia Julia in the Roman Forum A senate is a deliberative assembly, often the upper house or Debating chamber, chamber of a bicameral legislatu ...
(depending on the kind of norm). * The power to call for a
referendum A referendum (plural: referendums or less commonly referenda) is a direct Direct may refer to: Mathematics * Directed set In mathematics Mathematics (from Ancient Greek, Greek: ) includes the study of such topics as quantity (number th ...

referendum
. This is exercised with the countersignature of the prime minister after being requested by the Council of Ministers. * The power to command the Armed Forces of Spain. This prerogative is delegated to the prime minister and the
minister of Defence A defence minister or minister of defence is a cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers * Display cabinet, a piece of furniture with one or more transparent ...
. * The power to give royal pardons, in Spain known as right of grace (''derecho de gracia''). This is exercised by the monarch but the decision of whom must to pardon is delegated to the
Minister of Justice A justice ministry, ministry of justice, or department of justice is a Ministry (government department), ministry or other government agency in charge of the administration of justice. The ministry or department is often headed by a minister of jus ...
and the Council of Ministers. * The power to be informed of the affairs of State and chair the sessions of the Council of Ministers. It is exercised after being requested by the prime minister. * The power to grant civil and military jobs. This prerogative requires a Government countersignature. * The power to appoint civil or military members of his private household. * The power to use freely the budget of his household. * The power to grant (and also to cancel and annul)
honours Honour (British English) or honor (American English; American and British English spelling differences#-our, -or, see spelling differences) is the idea of a bond between an individual and a society as a quality of a person that is both of socia ...
. * The power of high
patronage Patronage is the support, encouragement, privilege, or financial aid that an organization or individual bestows on another. In the history of art, arts patronage refers to the support that kings, popes, and the wealthy have provided to artists su ...

patronage
of the Royal Academies. * The power to grant sports teams, federations, and other sports organizations the title of ''Real'' (Royal).


Foreign powers

* The power to ratify and make
treaties A treaty is a formal, legally binding written agreement between actors in international law International law, also known as public international law and law of nations, is the set of rules, norms, and standards generally recognized as bi ...

treaties
. * The power to
declare war ''Declare'' ( 2000) is a supernatural spy novel by American author Tim Powers. The novel presents a secret history of the Cold War, and earned several major fantasy fiction awards. Plot summary The non-linear plot, shifting back and forth in time ...
and conclude peace with other nations. * The power to credit and receive diplomats.


Members

''To see the current members, see Current government.'' According to Article 98 of the Spanish Constitution and Article 1.2 of th
Government Law
the Government of Spain is composed of: * The
Prime Minister A prime minister or a premier is the head of the cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers * Display cabinet, a piece of furniture with one or more transpa ...
. * The Deputy Prime Minister or Deputy Prime Ministers (If there are more than one). * The Ministers. * Other members. There is the possibility of incorporating other figures into Government by law (such as Secretaries of State). However, this constitutional possibility has not yet been used.


Requirements

In accordance with article 11 of the Law of the Government, "''to be a member of the Government it is required to be Spanish, adult, to enjoy the rights of active and passive suffrage, as well as not to be disabled to exercise employment or public office by sentence Judicial firm''."


Criminal privileges

The members of the Government enjoy their own criminal procedure so that they will only be tried by the Criminal Chamber of the
Supreme Court A supreme court is the highest court A court is any person or institution, often as a government institution, with the authority to Adjudication, adjudicate legal disputes between Party (law), parties and carry out the administration of just ...
. The initiation of a case for
treason Treason is the crime In ordinary language, a crime is an unlawful act punishable by a state or other authority. The term ''crime'' does not, in modern criminal law, have any simple and universally accepted definition,Farmer, Lindsay: "Cr ...
or against the security of the State can only respond to the initiative of a quarter of the
Congress of Deputies The Congress of Deputies ( es, link=no, Congreso de los Diputados) is the lower house A lower house is one of two chambers Chambers may refer to: Places Canada: *Chambers Township, Ontario United States: *Chambers County, Alabama *Chamb ...

Congress of Deputies
, approved by an
absolute majority A supermajority, supra-majority, qualified majority, or special majority is a requirement for a proposal to gain a specified level of support which is greater than the threshold of more than one-half used for a majority. Supermajority rules in ...
thereof, and can not be granted a
pardon A pardon is a government decision to allow a person to be relieved of some or all of the legal consequences resulting from a criminal conviction. A pardon may be granted before or after conviction for the crime, depending on the laws of the j ...

pardon
in such cases.


Caretaker government

The Caretaker Government is regulated in Section 101 of the
Spanish Constitution The Spanish Constitution (Spanish language, Spanish, Asturleonese language, Asturleonese, and gl, Constitución Española; eu, Espainiako Konstituzioa; ca, Constitució Espanyola; oc, Constitucion espanhòla) is the Democracy, democratic la ...
which says that "the Government shall resign after the holding of general elections, in the event of loss of parliamentary confidence as provided in the Constitution, or on the resignation or death of the President. The outgoing Government shall continue as acting body until the new Government takes office". Between the approval of the Constitution in 1978 and the approval of the Government Act of 1997, there were no explicit limitation to the Government powers while acting as acting government except for what the doctrine and parliamentary practice said. With this constitutional precept it was intended that the succession of one Government by another does not affect the fundamental continuity of the governmental action or that paralysis or dysfunctions occur in the system as a whole. This need of not leaving a modern state without its central governing body it is very good explained in a
Supreme Court A supreme court is the highest court A court is any person or institution, often as a government institution, with the authority to Adjudication, adjudicate legal disputes between Party (law), parties and carry out the administration of just ...
sentence saying that "It is easy to understand that Spain can not run out of government even for a few hours". In 1997 it was passed the Government Act and the Caretaker Government is regulated in Title 4. In addition to the aforementioned constitutional provisions, Section 21 of the Government Act establish that "the caretaker government shall facilitate the normal development of the process of formation of the new Government and the transfer of powers to it and limit its duties to the ordinary office of public affairs, abstaining from adopting, except in cases of urgency duly accredited or for reasons of general interest whose accreditation expresses justify it, any other measures". This article also establishes explicit limitations on the
Prime Minister A prime minister or a premier is the head of the cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers * Display cabinet, a piece of furniture with one or more transpa ...
, preventing him from "proposing to the King the dissolution of any of the Chambers or the
Cortes Generales The Cortes Generales (; en, Spanish Parliament, lit=General Courts) are the bicameral Bicameralism is the practice of having a legislature A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Deliberative ...
, raising the question of confidence, or proposing to the King the calling for a consultative referendum" and on the Government prohibiting to it "the approval of the State General Budget Bill or presenting bills to the Cortes Generales". The government neither may exercise the legislative delegations that the parliament has granted to it while acting as a caretaker government. On the occasion of the 2015-2016 caretaker government of
Mariano Rajoy Mariano Rajoy Brey (; born 27 March 1955) is a Spanish politician who served as Prime Minister of Spain The president of the Government of Spain ( es, link=no, Presidente del Gobierno de España), commonly referred to in Spain as ''Preside ...

Mariano Rajoy
, the Government refused repeatedly to submit to the control of the
Congress of Deputies The Congress of Deputies ( es, link=no, Congreso de los Diputados) is the lower house A lower house is one of two chambers Chambers may refer to: Places Canada: *Chambers Township, Ontario United States: *Chambers County, Alabama *Chamb ...

Congress of Deputies
alleging that there was no trust relationship between both powers for the fact of being a caretaker government and, therefore, there was no control of the legislative power over the executive. Faced with this situation, the Congress denounced the Executive Power before the
Constitutional Court A constitutional court is a high court High court usually refers to the superior court In common law systems, a superior court is a court A court is any person or institution, often as a government institution, with the authority to Ad ...
for refusing to submit to its control and, on 22 November 2018, the high court ruled that the Government "undermined the constitutional attribution" that the Constitution confers on Congress and that although "control of the Government's action will normally be exercised within the framework of the confidence that must exist between the Government and the Congress of Deputies", this does not mean that "exceptionally, as are the periods in which there is no relationship of trust between Congress and the Government, the aforementioned control function can not be exercised" since "the control function that corresponds to the Cortes Generales is implicit in its representative character and in the form of parliamentary government that establishes the Article 1.3 of the Constitution, not being able to deny the Chambers all exercise of the control function, since this would affect to the balance of powers foreseen in our Constitution". The longest caretaker government of the Spanish politics since the restoration of democracy in 1977 has been the 2015-2016 Rajoy government with a record of 316 days.


Location

The prime minister office as well as the official headquarters of the Government are located in the
Palace of Moncloa The Palace of Moncloa or Moncloa Palace ( es, Palacio de la Moncloa) is the official residence An official residence is the residence A residence is a place (normally a building) used as a home A home, or domicile, is a space used a ...
, in outside
Madrid Madrid ( , ) is the capital and most populous city of Spain , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_ ...

Madrid
. The Council of Ministers meetings also take place here. In this palace is also the office of the deputy prime minister, the headquarters of the
Ministry of the Presidency The Ministry of the Presidency, Relations with the Cortes and Democratic Memory (MPR) is the Spanish government departments, department of the Government of Spain which assures the link between the different Ministries and the Prime Minister of Spa ...
and the office of the Government's Spokesperson. Most of the government departments are located in the center of the city of Madrid, having each of them its own buildings. One of the most famous place where some ministries are located is the gubernatorial complex of .


Advisory bodies

The Spanish Government has two main advisory bodies: * The
Council of State A Council of State is a governmental body in a country, or a subdivision of a country, with a function that varies by jurisdiction. It may be the formal name for the cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-sha ...
, which advise the Government in legal matters and all the issues that does not correspond to the other advisory body. * The Economic and Social Council, responsible for advising the Government in socioeconomic and labour matters.


Budget

The General State Budget is considered one of the most important legislations that a Government can pass. According to the
Constitution A constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles A principle is a proposition or value that is a guide for behavior or evaluation. In law, it is a rule Rule or ruling may refer to: Human activity * The exercise of political ...
, the Government is the only body that can make the Budget bill, although is the parliament who must to accept it, reject it or to propose modifications. If the Congress approves a full budget amend, the budget is automatically rejected.


Devolved Governments

Since the approval of the Constitution of 1978, Spain was established as a
decentralized Decentralization or decentralisation is the process by which the activities of an organization, particularly those regarding planning and decision making, are distributed or delegated away from a central, authoritative location or group. Conce ...

decentralized
unitary country which grants its regions a high degree of autonomy. The first two regions to be granted autonomy were the
Basque Country Image:Euskal Herriaren terminologia.png, Map showing the geographical and political divisions of the Basque Country Basque Country may refer to: *Basque Country (autonomous community) (''Euskal Autonomia Erkidegoa'' in Basque; ''Comunidad Autónoma ...
and
Catalonia Catalonia (; ca, Catalunya ; Aranese, Aranese Occitan: ''Catalonha'' ; es, Cataluña ) is an Autonomous communities of Spain, autonomous community in the northeastern corner of Spain, designated as a ''nationalities and regions of Spain, na ...

Catalonia
in 1979. In 1981, four further regions achieved their autonomy:
Andalusia Andalusia (, ; es, Andalucía ) is the southernmost autonomous community eu, autonomia erkidegoa ca, comunitat autònoma gl, comunidade autónoma oc, comunautat autonòma an, comunidat autonoma ast, comunidá autónoma , alt_name ...
,
Asturias Asturias (, ; ast, Asturies ), officially the Principality of Asturias ( es, Principado de Asturias; ast, Principáu d'Asturies; Galician-Asturian Galician–Asturian or Eonavian (autonym Autonym may refer to: * Autonym, the name used by ...

Asturias
,
Cantabria Cantabria (, also , ) is an autonomous community in northern Spain with Santander, Cantabria, Santander as its capital city. It is recognized as a Nationalities and regions of Spain, historic community and is bordered on the east by the Basque ...
and
Galicia Galicia may refer to: Geographic regions * Galicia (Spain), a region and autonomous community of northwestern Spain ** Gallaecia, a Roman province ** The post-Roman Kingdom of the Suebi, also called the Kingdom of Gallaecia ** The medieval Kingdom ...
. A year later, seven more regions were granted autonomy:
Aragon Aragon ( or , Spanish and an, Aragón , ca, Aragó ) is an autonomous community In Spain, an autonomous community ( es, comunidad autónoma) is a first-level political divisions of Spain, political and administrative division, created in acc ...

Aragon
, the
Canary Islands The Canary Islands (; es, Islas Canarias, ), also known informally as ''the Canaries'', is a Spanish archipelago An archipelago ( ), sometimes called an island group or island chain, is a chain, cluster or collection of island ...
, Castile-La Mancha,
Navarre Navarre (; es, Navarra ; eu, Nafarroa ), officially the Chartered Community of Navarre ( es, Comunidad Foral de Navarra, links=no ; eu, Nafarroako Foru Komunitatea, links=no ), is a Fuero, foral autonomous communities of Spain, autonomous co ...

Navarre
,
Murcia Murcia (, , ) is a city in south-eastern Spain , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_map ...
and
La Rioja La Rioja (, , ) is an autonomous community In Spain, an autonomous community ( es, comunidad autónoma) is a first-level political divisions of Spain, political and administrative division, created in accordance with the Spanish Constitution ...
. The last four regions to get their autonomy were the
Balearic Islands The Balearic Islands ( , also , ; ca, Illes Balears ; es, Islas Baleares ) are an archipelago An archipelago ( ), sometimes called an island group or island chain, is a chain, cluster or collection of islands, or sometimes a sea contai ...

Balearic Islands
,
Castile and León Castile and León (, ; es, Castilla y León ) (Leonese dialect Leonese (Leonese: ''Llionés'', ast, Lleonés) is a set of vernacular Romance languages, Romance language varieties currently spoken in northern and western portions of the ...
,
Extremadura Extremadura ( , ; ext, Estremaúra; pt, Estremadura; Fala: ''Extremaúra'') is an autonomous community of Spain , * gl, Reino de España, * oc, Reiaume d'Espanha, , , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Es ...

Extremadura
and
Madrid Madrid ( , ) is the capital and most populous city of Spain , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_ ...
, all of them in 1983. The Constitution also grants the cities of
Ceuta Ceuta (, , ; ber, Sebta, script=Latn; ar, سَبْتَة, Sabtah) is a Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish language **Spanish cuisine Other pl ...

Ceuta
and
Melilla Melilla ( , ; ; ber, Mrich / Mlilt; ar, مليلية ) is an autonomous city of Spain , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , nation ...

Melilla
autonomy, which they got in 1995. The Constitution also gives them the possibility to become fully autonomous communities, but so far these cities have not requested the activation of this clause.


Previous Legislations


Prime Ministers of Spain since the

Spanish transition to democracy The Spanish transition to democracy, known in Spain , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_map ...


Current Government

The
Council of Ministers The Council of Ministers is a traditional name given to the supreme Executive (government), executive organ in some governments. The term is usually equivalent to the word "Cabinet (government), cabinet" (Council of state, Council of State is a simi ...
is structured into the
Prime Minister A prime minister or a premier is the head of the cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers * Display cabinet, a piece of furniture with one or more transpa ...
, 4 Deputy Prime Ministers, 22 ministries, and the post of Spokesperson of the Government.


Commissioners

Although it is not a very common position within the
Administration Administration may refer to: Management of organizations * Management, the act of directing people towards accomplishing a goal ** Administration (government), management in or of government *** Administrative division ** Academic administratio ...
, it has existed the position of Commissioner or High Commissioner, a senior official normally holding the position of Secretary of State or Under Secretary, being entrusted with a specific task. Currently, there are two High Commissioners: * The High Commissioner for the fight against child poverty, created in 2018 to end with the child poverty and inequality in childhood in Spain and to oversight the comply of the
Convention on the Rights of the Child The United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization An intergovernmental organization (IGO) is an organization composed primarily of sovereign states (referred to as ''member states''), or of other org ...

Convention on the Rights of the Child
and other international agreements on this matter by the different administrations. It has the rank of Under Secretary and it depends from the Prime Minister. *The High Commissioner for Spain Entrepreneurial Nation, created in 2020 to coordinate all the actions relating the economic and technological entrepreneurship. It has the rank of Under Secretary and it depends from the Prime Minister.


Former Commissioners

* Because of the
Prestige oil spill The ''Prestige'' oil spill occurred off the coast of Galicia (Spain), Galicia, Spain, caused by the sinking of the 26 year old structurally deficient oil tanker in November 2002, carrying 77,000 tonnes of heavy fuel oil. During a storm, it burs ...
in late 2002, the Government created in 2003 the ''Commissioner for actions arising from the catastrophe of the ship "Prestige"'' to collaborate in the actions to repair the damages originated by it. It was suppressed in 2004. It had the rank of Secretary of State and it depended from the Deputy Prime Minister. *: For this purpose between 2003 and 2004 also existed two Commissioners one depending from the Development Minister and other from the
Environment Minister An environment minister (sometimes minister of the environment or secretary of the environment) is a Cabinet (government), cabinet position charged with protecting the natural environment and promoting wildlife conservation. The areas associated ...
. * In 2003 it was created the ''Commissioner of the Government for the participation of Spain in the reconstruction of Iraq'' and the position was assumed by the Secretary of State of Defence. *After the
2004 Madrid train bombings The 2004 Madrid train bombings (also known in Spain as 11M) were nearly simultaneous, coordinated bombings against the Cercanías Madrid, Cercanías commuter train system of Madrid, Spain, on the morning of 11 March 2004 – three days before Sp ...
, the government created the ''High Commissioner for the Support of Victims of Terrorism''. It had rank of Secretary of State and it depended from the
Prime Minister A prime minister or a premier is the head of the cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers * Display cabinet, a piece of furniture with one or more transpa ...
. * In 2005 it was created the ''Commissioner of the Government for the celebration of the 32nd America's Cup'' to coordinate the organization of the
2007 America's Cup The 2007 America's Cup was the thirty-second challenge for the America's Cup and was won by Alinghi in the 7th race. The Cup is the most famous and most prestigious regatta and ''Match race, Match Race'' in the sport of sailing. As per the Deed ...
after which the Commissioner ceased in its functions. It had rank of Under Secretary and it depended from the Public Administration Minister. * Between 2011 and 2013 existed the position of ''Commissioner of the Government for actions derived from the Lorca earthquake'', renamed in 2012 ''Commissioner of the Government for the Reconstruction and Economic Reactivation of the Lorca Zone'', to coordinate, monitoring and, where appropriate, the proposal to the Government of the measures to repair and rebuild the affected area by the
2011 Lorca earthquake The 2011 Lorca earthquake ( es, link=no, Terremoto de Lorca de 2011) was a moderate 5.1 earthquake that occurred 6:47 p.m. CEST (16:47 Coordinated Universal Time, UTC) on 11 May 2011, near the town of Lorca, Spain, Lorca, causing significant ...
in collaboration with the
Region of Murcia The Region of Murcia (, ; es, Región de Murcia ), is an Autonomous communities of Spain, autonomous community of Spain located in the southeast part of the Iberian Peninsula, on the Mediterranean Sea, Mediterranean coast. The region is center ...
and the City Council of Lorca. It had rank of Secretary of State and it depended from the Ministers of the Presidency and
Development Development or developing may refer to: Arts *Development hell Development hell, development purgatory, development limbo, or production hell, is a media Media may refer to: Physical means Communication * Media (communication), tool ...
. * Between 2012 and 2018 existed the position of ''High Commissioner of the Government for the Spain Brand'' to improve the foreign image and to promote Spain. It had the rank of Secretary of State and it depended from the
Foreign Minister A foreign affairs minister or minister of foreign affairs (less commonly minister for foreign affairs) is generally a cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawe ...
. In 2018, its competences where assumed by the Secretary of State for Global Spain. *The Commissioner of the Government for the Demographic Challenge, created in 2017 to develop a nation-wide common strategy to face the progressive
population ageing Population ageing is an increasing median age A population pyramid or "age-sex pyramid" is a graphical illustration of the distribution of a population In biology, a population is a number of all the organisms of the same group or species ...
, territorial depopulation and the effects of the
floating populationFloating population is a terminology used to describe a group of people who reside in a given population for a certain amount of time and for various reasons, but are not generally considered part of the official census count. A population is usuall ...
. It had the rank of Under Secretary and it was part of the Territorial Policy Ministry. It was abolished in 2020 and its competences were assumed by the newly General Secretariat for the Demographic Challenge. * The High Commissioner for the 2030 Agenda, created in 2018 to coordinate all the actions taken by the Public Administrations to accomplish with the
Sustainable Development Goals The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) or Global Goals are a collection of 17 interlinked global goals designed to be a "blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable Sustainability is the capacity to endure in a relatively ongoing w ...

Sustainable Development Goals
. It had the rank of Under Secretary and it was part of the Prime Minister's Office. Abolished in 2020, its competences were assumed by the Secretariat of State for the 2030 Agenda.


Flag

Shown here is the official flag of the Government of Spain. On the left are the and the and in the centre is the and the words ''Gobierno de España'' (in English: "Government of Spain"). The ministries’ logos consist of additional yellow rectangles added to the right of the Government's logo, which read the name of the ministry in the same typographic style (
Gill Sans Gill Sans is a designed by and released by the British branch of from 1928 onwards. Gill Sans is based on 's 1916 , the corporate font of . As a young artist, Gill had assisted Johnston in its early development stages. In 1926, , a young p ...
) .


See also

* Departments of the Government of Spain * List of Prime Ministers of Spain * Politics of Spain * List of Spanish regional governments * Local government in Spain


References

*
Spanish cabinets from 1931 to 2004


External links

*
Law 50/1997, of the Government
Boe.es {{DEFAULTSORT:Government Of Spain Government of Spain, European governments