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A ford is a shallow place with good footing where a
river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases, a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its course without reaching another body of wate ...

river
or
stream A stream is a body of water (Lysefjord) in Norway Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway,Names in the official and recognised languages: Bokmål Bokmål (, ; literally "book tongue") is an official written standard for the No ...

stream
may be crossed by wading, or inside a vehicle getting its wheels wet. A ford may occur naturally or be constructed. Fords may be impassable during high water. A
low water crossing A low-water crossing (also known as an Irish bridge, causeway in Australia, low-level crossing or low-water bridge) provides a bridge when water flow Water is an Inorganic compound, inorganic, Transparency and translucency, transparen ...
is a low bridge that allows crossing over a river or stream when water is low but may be covered by deep water when the river is high.


Description

A ford is a much cheaper form of river crossing than a
bridge A bridge is a Nonbuilding structure, structure built to Span (engineering), span a physical obstacle, such as a body of water, valley, or road, without closing the way underneath. It is constructed for the purpose of providing passage over the ...

bridge
, and it can transport much more weight than a bridge, but it may become impassable after heavy rain or during flood conditions. A ford is therefore normally only suitable for very minor roads (and for paths intended for walkers and horse riders etc.). Most modern fords are usually shallow enough to be crossed by
car A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle Electric bicycles parked in Yangzhou's main street, Wenchang Lu. They are a very common way of transport in this city, in some areas almost outnumbering regular bicycles A motor vehicle, also k ...

car
s and other wheeled or tracked vehicles (a process known as "fording"). Fords may be accompanied by
stepping stones Stepping stones or stepstones are sets of stones arranged to form a simple bridge A bridge is a Nonbuilding structure, structure built to Span (engineering), span a physical obstacle, such as a body of water, valley, or road, without closing th ...

stepping stones
for pedestrians. The UK has more than 2,000 fords and most do not have any way of stopping vehicles from crossing when the water makes them impassable. According to
The AA AA Limited, trading as The AA (formerly The Automobile Association), is a British motoring association founded in 1905, which currently provides vehicle insurance, Driver's education, driving lessons, breakdown cover, loans, motoring advice, r ...
, many flood-related vehicle breakdowns are at fords. In
New Zealand New Zealand ( mi, Aotearoa ''Aotearoa'' (; commonly pronounced by English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon Engl ...

New Zealand
, fords are a normal part of roads, including, until 2010, along State Highway 1 on the
South Island The South Island, also officially named , is the larger of the two major in surface area, the other being the smaller but more populous . It is bordered to the north by , to the west by the , and to the south and east by the . The South Island ...

South Island
's east coast. In dry weather, drivers become aware of a ford by crunching across outwash detritus on the roadway. A
bailey bridge A Bailey bridge is a type of portable, Prefabrication, pre-fabricated, truss bridge. It was developed in 1940–1941 by the British Empire in World War II, British for military use during the World War II, Second World War and saw extensive use by ...
may be built off the mainline of the road to carry emergency traffic during high water. At places where the water is shallow enough, but the material on the riverbed will not support heavy vehicles, fords are sometimes improved by building a submerged
concrete Concrete is a composite material A composite material (also called a composition material or shortened to composite, which is the common name) is a material Material is a substance Substance may refer to: * Substance (Jainism), a ter ...

concrete
floor. In such cases, a
curb A curb (North American English North American English (NAmE, NAE) is the most generalized variety (linguistics), variety of the English language as spoken in the United States and Canada. Because of their related histories and cultures, ...
(kerb) is often placed on the downstream side to prevent vehicles from slipping off, as the growth of
algae Algae (; singular alga ) is an informal term for a large and diverse group of s. It is a grouping that includes species from multiple distinct s. Included organisms range from , such as '','' and the s, to forms, such as the , a large whi ...

algae
will often make the slab very slippery. Fords may be also equipped with a post indicating the water depth, so that users may know if the water is too deep to attempt to cross. Some have an adjacent footbridge so that pedestrians may cross dryshod. Fords were sometimes the only way to cross, such as at the Milkhouse at Rock Creek in Washington, DC, but the regular use of this ford has been superseded by bridges. The crossing remained for "adventurous" drivers until 1996 when the
National Park Service The National Park Service (NPS) is an agency Agency may refer to: * a governmental or other institution Institutions, according to Samuel P. Huntington, are "stable, valued, recurring patterns of behavior". Institutions can refer to mecha ...
closed the ford to automobiles.


Watersplash

A road running below the water level of a stream or river is often known as a "watersplash". It is a common name for a ford or stretch of wet road in some areas, and sometimes also used to describe tidal crossings. They have become a common feature in
rallying Rally is a form of motorsport that takes place on public or private roads with modified production or specially built Street-legal vehicle, road-legal cars. It is distinguished by not running on a Race track, circuit, but instead in a point-to-po ...
courses. There are enthusiasts who seek out and drive through these water features, recording details (such as wave created, position, and access) on dedicated websites. There are many old fords known as watersplashes in the
United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Some prefer to use Britain as shorth ...

United Kingdom
. Examples are at
Brockenhurst Brockenhurst is the largest village by population within the New Forest The New Forest is one of the largest remaining tracts of unenclosed land, land and in , covering southwest and southeast . It was proclaimed a royal forest by , f ...
in
Hampshire Hampshire (, ; abbreviated to Hants) is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary, L. Brookes (ed.), 2005, Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, Edinburgh in certain mod ...

Hampshire
,
Wookey Wookey is a village and civil parish In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government. It is a territorial designation which is the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties, or th ...
in
Somerset ( en, All The People of Somerset) , locator_map = , coordinates = , region = South West England South West England is one of nine official regions of England The regions, formerly known as the government office regions, are the ...

Somerset
, and
Swinbrook Swinbrook is a village on the River Windrush, about east of Burford Burford () is a small medieval town on the River Windrush, in the Cotswold hills, in the West Oxfordshire district of Oxfordshire Oxfordshire (abbreviated Oxon, f ...
in
Oxfordshire Oxfordshire is a landlocked county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers (publisher), ...

Oxfordshire
. Some of these are being replaced by bridges as these are a more reliable form of crossing in adverse weather conditions. The Dean Ford in
Kilmarnock Kilmarnock (, sco, Kilmaurnock; gd, Cill Mheàrnaig, "Marnock's church") is a large burgh in East Ayrshire, Scotland and is the administrative centre of East Ayrshire, East Ayrshire Council. With a population of 46,770, Kilmarnock is the L ...
,
Ayrshire Ayrshire ( gd, Siorrachd Inbhir Àir, ) is a historic county and registration county A registration county was, in Great Britain Great Britain is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe. Wit ...

Ayrshire
, is mentioned in the
deed In common law In law, common law (also known as judicial precedent or judge-made law, or ) is the body of law created by judges and similar quasi-judicial by virtue of being stated in written opinions. ' is the most-used legal dictionary use ...

deed
s of
Dean Castle Dean Castle is situated in the Dean Castle Country Park in Kilmarnock Kilmarnock (, sco, Kilmaurnock; gd, Cille Mheàrnaig, " Marnock's church") is a large burgh A burgh is an autonomous municipal corporation in Scotland Scotla ...
, which was gifted to the local people. The ford has had to be maintained as a property boundary feature, despite several cars a year being washed away. Some very spectacular watersplashes can be found in diverse locations.
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, sma ...

Australia
has the
Gulf Savannah The Gulf Country is the region of woodland and savanna grassland surrounding the Gulf of Carpentaria in north western Queensland and eastern Northern Territory on the north coast of Australia. The region is also called the Gulf Savannah. It co ...
, and others may be found in
Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America North America is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, ...

Canada
,
Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps The Alps ; german: Alpen ; it, Alpi ; rm, Alps; sl, Alpe ) are the highest ...

Italy
,
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 60 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of . South Africa has three capital citie ...

South Africa
, and
Finland Finland ( fi, Suomi ; sv, Finland ), officially the Republic of Finland (; ), is a Nordic country in Northern Europe. It shares land borders with Sweden to the west, Russia to the east, Norway to the north, and is defined by the Gulf of B ...

Finland
. They are also found on some
Tennessee Tennessee (, ), officially the State of Tennessee, is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The S ...

Tennessee
backroads, where they are referred to as "underwater bridges". In
Israel Israel (; he, יִשְׂרָאֵל, translit=Yīsrāʾēl; ar, إِسْرَائِيل, translit=ʾIsrāʾīl), officially the State of Israel ( he, מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל, label=none, translit=Medīnat Yīsrāʾēl; ), is a ...

Israel
and part of the British areas under the mandate a low water crossing or watersplash had been known as "Irish bridge" in reference to the Anglo–Irish war.


Placenames

The names of many towns and villages are derived from the word 'ford'. Examples include
Oxford Oxford () is a city in England. It is the county town In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' u ...

Oxford
(a ford where en crossed the river: see the Oxford coat of arms);
Hertford Hertford ( ) is the county town In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synon ...
, the county town of
Hertfordshire Hertfordshire (; often abbreviated Herts) is one of the home counties in southern England England is a that is part of the . It shares land borders with to its west and to its north. The lies northwest of England and the to the s ...

Hertfordshire
(the ford where harts cross or "deer crossing");
Ammanford Ammanford ( cy, Rhydaman) is a town and community A community is a social unitThe term "level of analysis" is used in the social sciences to point to the location, size, or scale of a research target. "Level of analysis" is distinct from the ...
(a ford on the
River Amman The River Amman () is a river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its course without re ...

River Amman
); Staffort crossing the river
Pfinz The Pfinz is a right tributary A tributary or affluent is a stream A stream is a body of water with surface water flowing within the stream bed, bed and Bank (geography), banks of a Channel (geography), channel. The flow of a stream is co ...

Pfinz
; and Stratford (a ford on a ). Similarly, the
German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * For citizens of Germany, see also German nationality law * German language The German la ...

German
word ''Furt'' (as in
Frankfurt Frankfurt, officially Frankfurt am Main (; Hessian dialects, Hessian: , "Franks, Frank ford (crossing), ford on the Main (river), Main"; french: Francfort-sur-le-Main), is the most populous city in the States of Germany, German state of Hess ...

Frankfurt
, the ford of the
Franks The Franks ( la, Franci or ) were a group of whose name was first mentioned in 3rd-century Roman sources, and associated with tribes between the and the , on the edge of the . Later the term was associated with Germanic dynasties within the ...

Franks
;
Ochsenfurt Ochsenfurt () is a town in the district of Würzburg, in Bavaria Bavaria (; German language, German and Bavarian language, Bavarian: ''Bayern'' ), officially the Free State of Bavaria (German and Bavarian: ''Freistaat Bayern''; ), is a Landlo ...

Ochsenfurt
, synonymous to Oxford;
Schweinfurt Schweinfurt ( , ; ) is a town#Germany, city in the district of Lower Franconia in Bavaria, Germany. It is the administrative centre of the surrounding Schweinfurt (district), district (''Landkreis'') of Schweinfurt and a major industrial, cultura ...

Schweinfurt
, a ford where swine crossed the river; and
Klagenfurt Klagenfurt am WörtherseeLandesgesetzblatt 2008 vom 16. Jänner 2008, Stück 1, Nr. 1: ''Gesetz vom 25. Oktober 2007, mit dem die Kärntner Landesverfassung und das Klagenfurter Stadtrecht 1998 geändert werden.'/ref> (; ; sl, Celovec), usually ...
, literally "ford of complaints") and the
Dutch Dutch commonly refers to: * Something of, from, or related to the Netherlands * Dutch people () * Dutch language () *Dutch language , spoken in Belgium (also referred as ''flemish'') Dutch may also refer to:" Castle * Dutch Castle Places * ...
''voorde'' (as in
Vilvoorde Vilvoorde (, french: Vilvorde ; historically known as ''Filford'' in English) is a Belgium, Belgian Municipalities in Belgium, municipality in the Flemish Region, Flemish Provinces of Belgium, province of Flemish Brabant. The municipality comprise ...
,
Coevorden Coevorden (; nds-nl, Koevern) is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. Lon ...

Coevorden
,
Zandvoort Zandvoort () is a municipality A municipality is usually a single administrative division having Municipal corporation, corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is sub ...

Zandvoort
, or
Amersfoort Amersfoort is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. ...

Amersfoort
) are
cognate In linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Itali ...
s with the same meaning, all deriving from
Proto-Indo-European Proto-Indo-European (PIE) is the theorized common ancestor of the Indo-European language family The Indo-European languages are a language family A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech ( ...
''*pértus'' 'crossing'. This is the source of Brythonic and
Gaulish Gaulish was an ancient Celtic language The Celtic languages ( , ) are a group of related languages descended from Proto-Celtic The Proto-Celtic language, also called Common Celtic, is the ancestral proto-language of all the known Celti ...
''ritus'' (modern
Welsh Welsh may refer to: Related to Wales * Welsh, referring or related to Wales * Welsh language, a Brittonic Celtic language of the Indo-European language family, indigenous to the British Isles, spoken in Wales ** Patagonian Welsh, a dialect of Wels ...
''rhyd''; the Welsh name of Oxford is ''Rhydychen'' "ford of oxen"), which underlies such names as Chambord (from Gaulish ''*Camboritum'' "ford at the bend") and
Niort Niort (; Poitevin: ''Niàu''; oc, Niòrt; la, Novioritum) is a commune A commune is an intentional community of people sharing living spaces, interests, values, beliefs, and often property Property (''latin: Res Privata'') in the A ...

Niort
(''Novioritum'' "new ford"). Towns such as
Maastricht Maastricht ( , , ; Limburgish language, Limburgish : ; french: Maestricht ; es, Mastrique ) is a city and a Municipalities of the Netherlands, municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. It is the capital city, capital and largest city of ...

Maastricht
,
Dordrecht Dordrecht (, , ), historically known in English as Dordt (still colloquially used in Dutch, ) or Dort, is a List of cities in the Netherlands by province, city and List of municipalities of the Netherlands, municipality in the Western Netherland ...

Dordrecht
, and
Utrecht Utrecht ( , ) is the List of cities in the Netherlands by province, fourth-largest city and a List of municipalities of the Netherlands, municipality of the Netherlands, capital and most populous city of the Provinces of the Netherlands, provin ...

Utrecht
also formed at fords. The endings , , and are derived from the
Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman Republic, it became ...

Latin
word ''traiectum'', meaning "crossing". Thus the name Utrecht, originally the Roman fort of Traiectum, is derived from "Uut Trecht", meaning "downstream crossing". The
Afrikaans Afrikaans (, ) is a West Germanic language spoken in South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 60 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most po ...
form was taken into
South African English South African English (SAfrE, SAfrEng, SAE, en-ZA) is the set of English language dialects native to South Africans. History British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people, nationals or natives of the U ...
as drift and led to place names like
Rorke's Drift The Battle of Rorke's Drift (1879), also known as the Defence of Rorke's Drift, was an engagement in the Anglo-Zulu War. The successful British defence of the mission (station), mission station of Rorke's Drift, under the command of Lieutenants ...
and . Similarly, in
Slavic languages The Slavic languages, also known as the Slavonic languages, are Indo-European languages spoken primarily by the Slavs, Slavic peoples or their descendants. They are thought to descend from a proto-language called Proto-Slavic language, Proto- ...

Slavic languages
, the word brod comes from the linguistic root that means "river-crossing" or "place where a river can be crossed". Although today ''brod'' in the
Serbo-Croatian Serbo-Croatian () – also called Serbo-Croat (), Serbo-Croat-Bosnian (SCB), Bosnian-Croatian-Serbian (BCS), and Bosnian-Croatian-Montenegrin-Serbian (BCMS) – is a South Slavic language The South Slavic languages are one of three branche ...
means 'ship',
Slavonski Brod Slavonski Brod (), commonly shortened to simply Brod, is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclop ...

Slavonski Brod
in Croatia, as well as
Makedonski Brod Makedonski Brod ( mk, Македонски Брод ; meaning ''Macedonian Ford'') is a small town in the central part of North Macedonia, on the south-eastern part of Suva Gora, western Karadžica and south-western Dautica mountains. The town is ...

Makedonski Brod
in
North Macedonia North Macedonia, ; sq, Maqedonia e Veriut, (Macedonia before February 2019), officially the Republic of North Macedonia,, is a country in Southeast Europe Southeast Europe or Southeastern Europe () is a geographical subregion A sub ...
and other place names containing ''Brod'' in Slavic countries, where ''brod'' is still the word for 'ford', are named after fords.


Famous battles

In historic times, positioning an army in large units close to a river was thought best for direct defense as well as to attack the enemy at any crossing points. Therefore, a ford was often a strategic military point with many famous battles were fought at or near fords. *
Battle of Xiaoyao Ford The Battle of Xiaoyao Ford, also known as the Battle of Leisure Ford, Battle of Hefei, and Hefei Campaign, was fought between the warlords Cao Cao Cao Cao (; ; ; – 15 March 220), courtesy name Mengde (), was a Chinese warlord, states ...
, 215–217, during the wars at the
end of the Han dynasty The end of the Han dynasty refers to the period of Chinese history The earliest known written records of the history of China date from as early as 1250 BC, from the Shang dynasty The Shang dynasty (), also historically known as ...
in
China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere ...

China
*
Battle of Fulford The Battle of Fulford was fought on the outskirts of the village of Fulford near York York is a cathedral city with Roman origins at the confluence of the rivers River Ouse, Yorkshire, Ouse and River Foss, Foss in North Yorkshire, England ...

Battle of Fulford
, 1066, on the Ouse River during Harald Hardrada's invasion of England *
Battle of Jacob's Ford The Siege of Jacob's Ford was a victory of the Muslim sultan Saladin over the Christian Kingdom of Jerusalem, King of Jerusalem, Baldwin IV. It occurred in August 1179, when Saladin conquered and destroyed a :de:Chastellet, new border castle buil ...
, 1179, on the
Jordan River ) , name_native_lang = , name_other = , name_etymology = Hebrew: ירדן (yardén, ''“descender”''), from ירד (yarad, ''“descended”'') , image = 20100923 mer morte13.JPG , image_size = , ima ...

Jordan River
during the period between the
Second The second (symbol: s, also abbreviated: sec) is the base unit of time Time is the continued sequence of existence and event (philosophy), events that occurs in an apparently irreversible process, irreversible succession from the past, th ...
and
Third Crusade The Third Crusade (1189–1192) was an attempt by three European monarchs of Western Christianity Western Christianity is one of two sub-divisions of Christianity Christianity is an Abrahamic religions, Abrahamic, Monotheism, monothei ...
* Battle of Imjin River, 1592, on the
Imjin River The Imjin River ( in South Korea) or Rimjin River ( in North Korea) is the 7th largest river in Korea. It flows from north to south, crossing the Korean Demilitarized Zone, Demilitarized Zone and joining the Han River (Korea), Han River downstrea ...
during the Japanese invasion of Korea *
Battle of the Yellow Ford The Battle of the Yellow Ford was fought in County Armagh on 14 August 1598, during the Nine Years' War in Ireland. An English army of about 4,000, led by Henry Bagenal, was sent from the Pale to relieve the besieged Blackwater Fort. Marchin ...
, 1598, on the
Blackwater River A blackwater river is a type of river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases, a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its co ...
during the
Nine Years' War The Nine Years' War (1688–1697), often called the War of the Grand Alliance or the War of the League of Augsburg, was a conflict between France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a ...
in
Ireland Ireland ( ; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scots dialect, Ulster-Scots: ) is an island in the Atlantic Ocean, North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel (Great Britain and Ireland), North Channel, the Irish Sea ...

Ireland
*
Battle of Newburn The Battle of Newburn, also known as Battle of Newburn Ford, took place on 28 August 1640, during the Second Bishops' War. It was fought at Newburn, a village just outside Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle, situated at a ford over the River Tyne. ...
Ford, 1640, on the Tyne River during the
Second Bishops' War The second (symbol: s, abbreviation: sec) is the base unit of time Time is the indefinite continued sequence, progress of existence and event (philosophy), events that occur in an apparently irreversible process, irreversible succession fr ...
in
Scotland Scotland ( sco, Scotland, gd, Alba Alba (Scottish Gaelic Scottish Gaelic ( gd, Gàidhlig or Scots Gaelic, sometimes referred to simply as Gaelic) is a Goidelic language (in the Celtic languages, Celtic branch of the Indo-European ...
*, 1690, on the Boyne River during the Williamite-Jacobite War in Ireland *
Battle of Matson's Ford The Battle of Matson's Ford was a battle in the Philadelphia campaign of the American Revolutionary War fought on December 11, 1777 in the area surrounding Matson's Ford (present-day Conshohocken, Pennsylvania, Conshohocken and West Conshohocken, P ...
, 1777, on the
Schuylkill River The Schuylkill River ( , ) is a river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its course w ...
during the
Philadelphia campaign The Philadelphia campaign (1777–1778) was a British effort in the American Revolutionary War The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the Revolutionary War and the American War of Independence, was initiated by del ...
of the
American Revolutionary War The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the Revolutionary War and the American War of Independence, was initiated by delegates from Thirteen Colonies, thirteen American colonies of British America in Continental Congress ...
in
Pennsylvania Pennsylvania ( , elsewhere ; pdc, Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a landlocked A landlocked country is a country that does not have territory connected to an ocean or whose coastlines lie on endorheic basi ...

Pennsylvania
*
Battle of Brandywine The Battle of Brandywine, also known as the Battle of Brandywine Creek, was fought between the American Continental Army of General George Washington and the British Army of General William Howe, 5th Viscount Howe, Sir William Howe on September&n ...
, 1777, on Brandywine Creek during the Philadelphia campaign of the American Revolutionary War in Pennsylvania *
Battle of Minisink The Battle of Minisink was a battle of the American Revolutionary War fought at Minisink Ford, New York, on July 22, 1779. It was the only major skirmish of the Revolutionary War fought in the northern Delaware Valley. The battle was a decisive Kin ...
, 1779, on the
Delaware River The Delaware River is a major river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases, a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its co ...

Delaware River
during the Northern theater of the American Revolutionary War in
New York New York most commonly refers to: * New York City, the most populous city in the United States, located in the state of New York * New York (state), a state in the northeastern United States New York may also refer to: Film and television * New ...
*
Battle of Cowan's Ford The Battle of Cowan's Ford was a battle in the Southern Theater of Cornwallis's 1780–1782 Campaign that eventually led to the British Army The British Army is the principal Army, land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of the Br ...
, 1781, on the
Catawba River The Catawba River originates in Western North Carolina Western North Carolina (often abbreviated as WNC) is the region of North Carolina North Carolina () is a U.S. state, state in the Southeastern United States, Southeastern region of the ...
during the
Southern theater of the American Revolutionary War The Southern theater of the American Revolutionary War was the central theater of military operations in the second half of the American Revolutionary War The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the Revolutionary War ...
in
North Carolina North Carolina () is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily news ...

North Carolina
*
Battle of Assaye The Battle of Assaye was a major battle of the Second Anglo-Maratha War fought between the Maratha Empire The Maratha Empire or the Maratha Confederacy was a power that dominated a large portion of the Indian subcontinent in the 18th cen ...

Battle of Assaye
, 1803, on the Kalina River during the
Second Anglo-Maratha War The Second Anglo-Maratha War (1803–1805) was the second conflict between the British East India Company and the Maratha Empire in India India (Hindi: ), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), is a country in South Asia. It is the ...
in
India India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi Hindi (Devanagari: , हिंदी, ISO 15919, ISO: ), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: , ISO 15919, ISO: ), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken chiefly in Hindi Belt, ...

India
*
Battle of Blackburn's Ford The Battle of Blackburn's Ford (also known as the Skirmish at Blackburn's Ford) took place on July 18, 1861, in the Confederate States of America, Confederate state of Virginia, as part of the Manassas campaign of the American Civil War. Union ...
, 1861, on Bull Run Creek during the Manassas campaign of the
American Civil War The American Civil War (also known by other names Other most often refers to: * Other (philosophy), a concept in psychology and philosophy Other or The Other may also refer to: Books * The Other (Tryon novel), ''The Other'' (Tryon nove ...
in Virginia *
Battle of Kelly's Ford The Battle of Kelly's Ford, also known as the Battle of Kellysville or Kelleysville, took place on March 17, 1863, in Culpeper County, Virginia Culpeper County is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative ...
, 1863, on the
Rappahannock River The Rappahannock River is a river in eastern Virginia Virginia (), officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a U.S. state, state in the Mid-Atlantic (United States), Mid-Atlantic and Southeastern United States, Southeastern regions of the ...

Rappahannock River
during the
Eastern Theater of the American Civil War The Eastern Theater of the American Civil War The American Civil War (also known by other names Other most often refers to: * Other (philosophy), a concept in psychology and philosophy Other or The Other may also refer to: Books * ...
in Virginia *
Battle of Buffington Island The Battle of Buffington Island, also known as the St. Georges Creek Skirmish, was an American Civil War engagement in Meigs County, Ohio, and Jackson County, West Virginia, on July 19, 1863, during Morgan's Raid. The largest battle in Ohio during ...
, 1863, on the Ohio River during
Morgan's Raid Morgan's Raid was a diversionary incursion by Confederate States Army, Confederate cavalry into the Northern United States, northern (Union (American Civil War), Union) states of Indiana, Kentucky, Ohio and West Virginia during the American Civil ...
in the American Civil War in Ohio and West Virginia *
Battle of Chancellorsville The Battle of Chancellorsville was a major battle of the American Civil War The American Civil War (also known by Names of the American Civil War, other names) was a civil war in the United States from 1861 to 1865, fought between nor ...

Battle of Chancellorsville
, 1863, on the
Rappahannock River The Rappahannock River is a river in eastern Virginia Virginia (), officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a U.S. state, state in the Mid-Atlantic (United States), Mid-Atlantic and Southeastern United States, Southeastern regions of the ...

Rappahannock River
during the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War in Virginia *
Battle of Byram's Ford The Battle of Byram's Ford, officially known as the Action at the Big Blue, Mo., was a minor engagement of the American Civil War, comprising two separate skirmishes from October 22 to 23, 1864, in Jackson County, Missouri. It formed a part of the ...
, 1864, on the Blue River (Missouri River tributary), Blue River during Price's Missouri Expedition in the American Civil War in Missouri *Battle of Morton's Ford, 1864, on the Rapidan River during the American Civil War in Virginia *Battle of Rorke's Drift, 1879, on the Buffalo River (Eastern Cape), Buffalo River during the Anglo-Zulu War in
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 60 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of . South Africa has three capital citie ...

South Africa
*Battle of Cut Knife, 1885, on the North Saskatchewan River during the North-West Rebellion in
Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America North America is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, ...

Canada


In fiction

*Achilles Fights the River, Trojan War, as found in ''Iliad, The Illiad'', by Homer, Book 21, line 1 *The Defence of Duffer's Drift, 1900 *First and Second Battles of the Fords of Isen, (''The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers'')


Gallery

File:Rye Water Ford, Dalry.JPG, The Rye Water Ford in North Ayrshire, an unmodernised crossing of a minor river File:2014-10-20 12 12 09 View north along Rock Springs Road (Elko County Route 763) about 22.8 miles north of Wilkins-Montello Road (Elko County Route 765) at the Little Goose Creek in Elko County, Nevada.JPG, A ford along List of county routes in Elko County, Nevada, Elko County Route 763 (Rock Springs Road) in rural northeastern Nevada, United States File:Stanhope Ford.jpg, A ford in Stanhope, County Durham, Stanhope, England, that has been closed File:Ford-Across-the-Way.jpg, A ford in a 19th-century oil painting. In this instance, the ford may have artistic or symbolic significance File:ST-berberfamily.jpg, A Berber people, Berber family crossing a ford in Algeria File:Brockenhurst Ford.jpg, The ford at
Brockenhurst Brockenhurst is the largest village by population within the New Forest The New Forest is one of the largest remaining tracts of unenclosed land, land and in , covering southwest and southeast . It was proclaimed a royal forest by , f ...
following heavy rain File:Ahne Furt Steg bei Weimar v O.jpg, A ford, with pedestrian footbridge, on a minor road near Ahnatal-Weimar, Weimar bei Kassel in Germany File:Fording an Indian River.jpeg, Fording an Indian River, c. 1905


See also

* Causeway * Stepping stones


References


External links


List of British fords
{{DEFAULTSORT:Ford (Crossing) Road infrastructure Pedestrian crossings Water transport infrastructure River crossings Water streams Rally racing Road hazards Place name element etymologies kk:Брод (Хасково облысы)