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Exilles (
Occitan Occitan (; oc, occitan, link=no ,), also known as ''lenga d'òc'' (; french: langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language The Romance languages, less commonly Latin or Neo-Latin languages, are the modern languages that evol ...
: ''Eissilhas''; nonstandard Occitan: ''Isiya'';
Piedmontese Piedmontese (autonym: or , in it, piemontese) is a language spoken by some 700,000 people mostly in Piedmont it, Piemontese , population_note = , population_blank1_title = , population_blank1 = , demographics_type1 ...
: ''Isiles'';
Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman Republic, it became ...

Latin
: ''Excingomagus'' or ''Scingomagus'';
Italianization Italianization ( it, Italianizzazione; hr, talijanizacija; french: italianisation; sl, poitaljančevanje; german: Italianisierung; el, Ιταλοποίηση) is the spread of Italian culture Italy is considered one of the birthplaces of w ...
under
Italian Fascism Italian Fascism ( it, fascismo italiano), also known as Classical Fascism or simply Fascism, is the original fascist Fascism () is a form of far-right Far-right politics, also referred to as the extreme right or right-wing extremism ...
: ''Esille'') is a ''
comune The (; plural: ) is a Administrative division, local administrative division of Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality. Importance and function The provides essential public services: Civil registry, registry of births a ...
'' (municipality) in the
Metropolitan City of Turin The Metropolitan City of Turin ( it, Città metropolitana di Torino) is a Metropolitan cities of Italy, metropolitan city in the Piedmont region, Italy. Its capital is the city of Turin. It replaced the Province of Turin and comprises the city of ...
in the
Italian Italian may refer to: * Anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Italy ** Italians, an ethnic group or simply a citizen of the Italian Republic ** Italian language, a Romance language *** Regional Italian, regional variants of the ...

Italian
region
Piedmont it, Piemontese , population_note = , population_blank1_title = , population_blank1 = , demographics_type1 = , demographics1_footnotes = , demographics1_title1 = , demographics1_info1 = , demographics1_title2 ...

Piedmont
, located about west of
Turin Turin ( , Piedmontese Piedmontese (autonym: or , in it, piemontese) is a language spoken by some 700,000 people mostly in Piedmont it, Piemontese , population_note = , population_blank1_title = , population_blank1 = ...

Turin
, on the border with France. It is the location of the Exilles Fort, an alpine fortification which guarded the route between the
Kingdom of France The Kingdom of France ( fro, Reaume de France; frm, Royaulme de France; french: link=yes, Royaume de France) is the historiographical name or Hyponymy and hypernymy, umbrella term given to various political entities of France in the Middle Ages ...
and the
Duchy of Savoy From 1416 to 1847, the Duchy of Savoy ( it, Ducato di Savoia, french: Duché de Savoie) was a country in Western Europe Western Europe is the region of Europe Europe is a continent A continent is one of several large landmasse ...

Duchy of Savoy
. Exilles borders the following municipalities:
Bardonecchia Bardonecchia () (french: Bardonèche or Bardonnèche ; pms, Bardonecia, oc, Bardonecha ) is an Italy, Italian town and ''comune'' located in the Metropolitan City of Turin, in the Piedmont region, in the western part of Susa Valley. It grew out o ...

Bardonecchia
,
Bramans Bramans is a former commune A commune is an intentional community of people sharing living spaces, interests, values, beliefs, and often property Property (''latin: Res Privata'') in the Abstract and concrete, abstract is what belongs t ...

Bramans
(France),
Chiomonte Chiomonte (french: Chaumont, pms, Cimon) is a ''comune'' (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italy, Italian region Piedmont, located about west of Turin. The name of the town derives from the Latin Calcis Mons which refers to ...

Chiomonte
,
Giaglione Giaglione (french: Jaillons, pms, Giajon) is a ''comune The (; plural: ) is a of , roughly equivalent to a or . Importance and function The provides essential public services: of births and deaths, , and maintenance of local roads a ...
,
Oulx Oulx ( oc, label=Occitan Occitan (; oc, occitan, link=no ,), also known as ''lenga d'òc'' (; french: langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language The Romance languages, less commonly Latin or Neo-Latin languages, are the ...

Oulx
,
Pragelato Pragelato (also ''Pragelà''; Vivaro-Alpine dialect, Vivaro-Alpine: ''Prajalats'', French: Prajalats) is a ''comune'' (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italy, Italian region Piedmont, located about west of Turin, in the uppe ...
,
Salbertrand Salbertrand is a ''comune'' (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italy, Italian region Piedmont, about 60 km west of Turin. At 31 December 2004 it had a population of 522 and an area of 40.9 km².All demographics and oth ...

Salbertrand
, and
Usseaux Usseaux ( pms, Usseu, oc, Usseaus) is a ''comune'' (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italy, Italian region Piedmont, located about 50 km west of Turin. Usseaux borders the following municipalities: Exilles, Chiomonte, Gr ...
.


History

The ancients considered Exilles the first place in Italy coming from
Gaul Gaul ( la, Gallia) was a region of Western Europe Western Europe is the western region of Europe Europe is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rat ...

Gaul
over the Alpine passes. As ''Scingomagus'' ( grc, Σκιγγόμαγος), Exilles is first mentioned by
Strabo Strabo''Strabo'' (meaning "squinty", as in strabismus Strabismus is a condition in which the eyes do not properly align with each other when looking at an object. The eye that is focused on an object can alternate. The condition may be pre ...

Strabo
,iv. who, when speaking of one of the passes of the Alps, says that from ''Ebrodunum ''(modern Embrun) on the
Gallic
Gallic
side through ''Brigantium'' (modern
Briançon Briançon ( is a Communes of France, commune in the Hautes-Alpes Departments of France, department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Regions of France, region in southeastern France. It is a Subprefectures in France, sub-prefecture of the depart ...

Briançon
) and ''Scingomagus ''and the pass of the Alps to Ocelum, the limit of the land of
Cottius Marcus Julius Cottius was king of the Celtic The words Celt and Celtic (also Keltic) may refer to: Ethno-linguistics *Celts The Celts (, see pronunciation of ''Celt'' for different usages) are. "CELTS location: Greater Europe time period: ...
(the
Alpes Cottiae The Alpes Cottiae (; English: 'Cottian Alps') were a small province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnationa ...
) is ; and at ''Scingomagus'' Italy begins, the distance from Scincomagus to Ocelum being .
Pliny the Elder #REDIRECT Pliny the Elder #REDIRECT Pliny the Elder#REDIRECT Pliny the Elder Gaius Plinius Secundus (AD 23/2479), called Pliny the Elder (), was a Roman author, a naturalist Natural history is a domain of inquiry involving organisms, includi ...

Pliny the Elder
also makes Italy extend to the Alps at Scingomagus, and then he gives the breadth of Gallia from Scingomagus to the
Pyrenees The Pyrenees (; es, Pirineos ; french: Pyrénées ; ca, Pirineus ; eu, Pirinioak ; oc, Pirenèus ; an, Pirineus) is a mountain range straddling the border of France and Spain. It extends nearly from its union with the Cantabrian Mountains to ...

Pyrenees
and Illiberis.


Twin towns — sister cities

Exilles is twinned with: *
Château-Ville-Vieille Château-Ville-Vieille (; oc, Chastèu e Vilavielha) is a Communes of France, commune in the Hautes-Alpes Departments of France, department in southeastern France. Geography The commune is located in the Queyras. The two villages in the commune ...
, France


References


Sources

*


External links


Official website
Cities and towns in Piedmont {{Turin-geo-stub