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Estella (
Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish language **Spanish cuisine Other places * Spanish, Ontario, Canada * Spanish River (disambiguation), the name of several ...

Spanish
) or Lizarra (
Basque Basque may refer to: * Basques The Basques ( or ; eu, euskaldunak ; es, vascos ; french: basques ) are a Southern European ethnic group, characterised by the Basque language, a Basque culture, common culture and shared genetic ancestry to th ...
) is a town located in the
autonomous community In Spain, an autonomous community ( es, comunidad autónoma) is a first-level political divisions of Spain, political and administrative division, created in accordance with the Spanish Constitution of 1978, Spanish constitution of 1978, with the ...
of
Navarre Navarre (; es, Navarra ; eu, Nafarroa ), officially the Chartered Community of Navarre ( es, Comunidad Foral de Navarra, links=no ; eu, Nafarroako Foru Komunitatea, links=no ), is a Fuero, foral autonomous communities of Spain, autonomous co ...

Navarre
, in northern
Spain , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_map = , map_caption = , image_map2 ...

Spain
. It lies south west of
Pamplona Pamplona (; eu, Iruña or ; oc, Pampalona), historically known as Pampeluna in English, is the capital city of the Chartered Community of Navarre, in Spain , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo ...

Pamplona
, close to the border with La Rioja and
Álava Álava ( in Spanish language, Spanish) or Araba ( in Basque language, Basque, dialectal: ), officially Araba/Álava, is a Provinces of Spain, province of Spain and a historical territory of the Basque Country (autonomous community), Basque Cou ...

Álava
. The town was founded in 1090 when the place, lying by the fortified settlement of Lizarra, was granted a charter by the Pamplonese king Sancho Ramirez. The town became a landmark in the Way of St. James pilgrimage route to
Santiago de Compostela Santiago de Compostela is the capital of the autonomous community In Spain, an autonomous community ( es, comunidad autónoma) is a first-level political divisions of Spain, political and administrative division, created in accordance with the S ...

Santiago de Compostela
, thriving on the privileged location and the melting pot of ''Francos'' called in by Navarrese kings (mainly
Occitans The Occitans ( oc, occitans) are a Romance Romance (from Vulgar Latin , "in the Roman language", i.e., "Latin") may refer to: Common meanings * Romance (love) Romance or Romantic love is an emotional feeling of love for, or a strong at ...
from Auvergne and Limousin), Jews and the original
Navarrese
Navarrese
inhabitants. The wealth resulted in a development of
Romanesque architecture Romanesque architecture is an architectural style An architectural style is a set of characteristics and features that make a building or other structure notable or historically identifiable. It is a sub-class of style in the visual arts gen ...
, well represented in the town: Church of San Pedro de la Rúa,
Palacio de los Reyes de Navarra
Palacio de los Reyes de Navarra
, Church of San Miguel, among others. The town was long the headquarters of
Don Carlos ''Don Carlos'' is a five-act grand opera Grand opera is a genre of 19th-century opera generally in four or five acts, characterized by large-scale casts and orchestras, and (in their original productions) lavish and spectacular design and stage ...
, who was proclaimed king here in 1833. It was a major headquarters of the Carlist party in the
Carlist Wars The Carlist Wars were a series of civil wars that took place in Spain during the 19th century. The contenders fought to establish their claim to the throne, although some political differences also existed. Indeed, several times during the period f ...
of the mid 19th century, with Tomas Zumalakarregi being appointed Commander in Chief in this Estella-Lizarra. On 16 February 1876 the Carlists in the town surrendered. Between 1927 and 1967, the town held the terminus of the iconic ''Ferrocarril Vasco-Navarro'' railway extending up to Bergara. The line was fitted with electrified power supply as of 1938, a provision considered a feat at the time. In 1927, Club Deportivo Izarra was formed who currently play in the
Segunda División B Segunda División B ( en, Second Division B) was the third tier of the Spanish football league system containing 102 teams divided into five groups, until it was replaced by the new structure in 2021. It was administered by the Royal Spanish Foot ...
. The town regularly hosts the GP Miguel Induráin.


Notable residents

* Aaron ben Zerah – Jewish martyr of the 14th century. * – professional footballer for
Bayern Munich Fußball-Club Bayern München e. V. (), commonly known as FC Bayern München (), FCB, Bayern Munich, or FC Bayern, is a German professional sports club based in Munich, Bavaria. It is best known for its professional association football, fo ...
and
Spain , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_map = , map_caption = , image_map2 ...
, with whom he won the
World Cup A world cup is a global sport Sport pertains to any form of Competition, competitive physical activity or game that aims to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participants and, in some cases ...
.


References


External links


Ayuntamiento de Estella – Lizarra

Estella – Lizarra in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa – Auñamendi Encyclopedia (Euskomedia Fundazioa)


Municipalities in NavarreThis category is for municipality, municipalities in the provinces of Spain, province and autonomous community of Navarre, in the country of Spain. The country of Spain is administratively divided into seventeen autonomous communities of Spain, aut ...
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