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East Thrace or Eastern Thrace ( tr, Doğu Trakya or simply ''Trakya''; el, Ανατολική Θράκη, ''Anatoliki Thraki''; bg, Източна Тракия, ''Iztochna Trakiya''), also known as Turkish Thrace or European Turkey, is the part of
Turkey Turkey ( tr, Türkiye ), officially the Republic of Turkey, is a country located mainly on Anatolia Anatolia,, tr, Anadolu Yarımadası), and the Anatolian plateau. also known as Asia Minor, is a large peninsula in Western Asia an ...

Turkey
that is geographically a part of
Southeast Europe Southeast Europe or Southeastern Europe () is a geographical subregion A subregion is a part of a larger region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to th ...

Southeast Europe
. It accounts for 3.4% of Turkey's land area but comprises 20% of its total population. The largest city of the region is
Istanbul ) , postal_code_type = Postal code A postal code (also known locally in various English-speaking countries throughout the world as a postcode, post code, PIN or ZIP Code) is a series of letters or digits or both, sometimes ...

Istanbul
, which straddles the
Bosporus The Bosporus () or Bosphorus (;The spelling ''Bosporus'' is listed first or exclusively in all major British and American dictionaries (e.gOxford Online Dictionaries
between Europe and Asia. East Thrace is of historic importance as it is next to a major sea trade corridor and constitutes what remains of the once-vast
Ottoman Ottoman is the Turkish spelling of the Arabic masculine given name Uthman (name), Uthman (Arabic: عُثْمان ''‘uthmān''). It may refer to: Governments and dynasties * Ottoman Caliphate, an Islamic caliphate from 1517 to 1924 * Ottoman Empi ...
region of
Rumelia Rumelia ( ota, روم ايلى, Rum İli; tr, Rumeli; el, Ρωμυλία), etymologically "Land of the Romans Roman or Romans usually refers to: *Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder ...
. It is currently also of specific geostrategic importance because the sea corridor, which includes two narrow straits, provides access to the
Mediterranean Sea The Mediterranean Sea is a connected to the , surrounded by the and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by and and , on the south by , and on the east by the . The Sea has played a central role in the . Although the Mediterrane ...
from the
Black Sea , with the skyline of Batumi Batumi (; ka, ბათუმი ) is the second largest city of Georgia Georgia usually refers to: * Georgia (country) Georgia ( ka, საქართველო; ''Sakartvelo''; ) is a country locat ...

Black Sea
for the navies of five countries:
Russia Russia ( rus, link=no, Россия, Rossiya, ), or the Russian Federation, is a country spanning Eastern Europe Eastern Europe is the eastern region of . There is no consistent definition of the precise area it covers, partly because th ...

Russia
,
Ukraine Ukraine ( uk, Україна, Ukraïna, ) is a country in . It is the in Europe after , which it borders to the east and north-east. Ukraine also shares borders with to the north; , , and to the west; and to the south; and has a coastli ...

Ukraine
,
Romania Romania ( ; ro, România ) is a country at the crossroads of Central Central is an adjective usually referring to being in the center (disambiguation), center of some place or (mathematical) object. Central may also refer to: Directions ...

Romania
,
Bulgaria Bulgaria (; bg, България, Bǎlgariya), officially the Republic of Bulgaria ( bg, Република България, links=no, Republika Bǎlgariya, ), is a country in Southeast Europe. It is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia ...

Bulgaria
, and
Georgia Georgia usually refers to: * Georgia (country) Georgia (, ; ) is a country located at the intersection of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is a part of the Caucasus region, bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north and east by ...
. The region also serves as a future connector of existing Turkish, Bulgarian, and Greek
high-speed rail High-speed rail (HSR) is a type of rail transport that runs significantly faster than traditional rail traffic, using an integrated system of specialised rolling stock The term rolling stock in the rail transport Rail transport (also k ...
networks.


Definition

East Thrace includes all in the eastern part of the historical region of
Thrace Thrace (; el, Θράκη, Thráki; bg, Тракия, Trakiya; tr, Trakya) or Thrake is a geographical and historical region in Southeast Europe, now split among Bulgaria, Greece, and Turkey, which is bounded by the Balkan Mountains to th ...
. The area includes all the territories of the Turkish provinces of
Edirne Edirne (, ), formerly known as Adrianople or Hadrianopolis (), is a city in Turkey Turkey ( tr, Türkiye ), officially the Republic of Turkey, is a country located mainly on Anatolia Anatolia,, tr, Anadolu Yarımadası), and the ...
,
Tekirdağ Tekirdağ (; see also its #Names and etymology, other names) is a city in Turkey. It is a part of the region historically known as East Thrace, located on the Balkans, Balkan peninsula in southeastern Europe. In 2019 the city's population was 204 ...
and Kırklareli, as well as those territories on the
European continent Continental Europe or mainland Europe is the contiguous continent A continent is any of several large landmass A landmass, or land mass, is a large region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', lite ...

European continent
of the provinces of
Çanakkale Çanakkale (pronounced ), formerly Dardanellia (), is a city and seaport in Turkey in Çanakkale Province on the southern coast of the Dardanelles at their narrowest point. The population of the city is 186,116 (2014 estimate). Çanakkale is the ...
and
Istanbul ) , postal_code_type = Postal code A postal code (also known locally in various English-speaking countries throughout the world as a postcode, post code, PIN or ZIP Code) is a series of letters or digits or both, sometimes ...
. The land borders of East Thrace were defined by the
Treaty of Constantinople (1913) The Treaty of Constantinople (Treaty of İstanbul) was a treaty between the Ottoman Empire and the Kingdom of Bulgaria signed on 29 September 1913 after the Second Balkan War at the Ottoman capital Constantinople, modern İstanbul. Background ...
and the Bulgarian-Ottoman convention (1915), and were reaffirmed by the
Treaty of Lausanne The Treaty of Lausanne (french: Traité de Lausanne) was a peace treaty A peace treaty is an agreementAgreement may refer to: Agreements between people and organizations * Gentlemen's agreement A gentlemen's agreement, or gentleman's agre ...
.


Climate

East Thrace has a hybrid
mediterranean climate A Mediterranean climate or dry summer climate is characterized by dry summers and mild, wet winters. The climate Climate is the long-term pattern of weather Weather is the state of the atmosphere, describing for example the degre ...
/
humid subtropical climate A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and cool to mild winters. These climates normally lie on the southeast side of all continents, generally between latitude In geography Geograp ...
on the Aegean Sea coast and the Marmara Sea coast, an
oceanic climate An oceanic climate, also known as a maritime climate or marine climate, is the Köppen classification of climate Climate is the long-term pattern of weather Weather is the state of the atmosphere, describing for example the deg ...
on the Black Sea coast and a
humid continental climate A humid continental climate is a climatic Climate is the long-term average of weather, typically averaged over a period of 30 years. More rigorously, it is the mean and variability of meteorological variables over a time spanning from months t ...
in the interior. Summers are warm to hot, humid and moderately dry whereas winters are cold and wet and sometimes snowy. The coastal climate keeps the temperatures relatively mild.


Geography

East Thrace has an area of 23,764 km2 (3 percent of Turkey's land area), slightly smaller than
Sardinia Sardinia ( ; it, Sardegna ; sc, Sardigna or ) is the second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea The Mediterranean Sea is a connected to the , surrounded by the and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by and and , ...

Sardinia
, and a population of about 16-17 million people or about 20 percent of the total Turkish population (in 2021); the population density is around 430 people/km2, compared to about 80 people/km2 for Asiatic Turkey, which is also called
Anatolia Anatolia,, tr, Anadolu Yarımadası), and the Anatolian plateau. also known as Asia Minor, is a large peninsula in Western Asia and the westernmost protrusion of the Asian continent. It makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey. The region ...
or Asia Minor. However, densities are skewed by the metropolis of Istanbul. The two continents are separated by the
Dardanelles satellite in September 2006. The body of water on the left is the Aegean Sea, while the one on the upper right is the Sea of Marmara. The Dardanelles is the tapered waterway running diagonally between the two seas, from the northeast to the ...
, the
Bosphorus The Bosporus () or Bosphorus (;The spelling ''Bosporus'' is listed first or exclusively in all major British and American dictionaries (e.gOxford Online Dictionaries
(collectively known as the
Turkish Straits 300px, View of the Dardanelles, taken from the Landsat 7 satellite in September 2006. The body of water at the upper left is the Aegean Sea, while the one on the upper right is the Sea of Marmara. The long, narrow upper peninsula is Gallipoli ...
) and the
Sea of Marmara The Sea of Marmara,; grc, Προποντίς, Προποντίδα, Propontís, Propontída also known as the Marmara Sea, and in the context of classical antiquity Classical antiquity (also the classical era, classical period or cl ...

Sea of Marmara
, a route of about 361 km. The southernmost part of Eastern Thrace is called the
Gallipoli The Gallipoli peninsula A peninsula ( la, paeninsula from 'almost' and 'island') is a landform A landform is a natural or artificial feature of the solid surface of the Earth or other planetary body A planet is an astronomical bod ...

Gallipoli
peninsula. European Turkey is bordered on the west by
Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, Elláda, ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeastern Europe Southeast Europe or Southeastern Europe () is a geographical subregion A subregion is a part of a larger region In geogr ...

Greece
for 212 km and on the north by
Bulgaria Bulgaria (; bg, България, Bǎlgariya), officially the Republic of Bulgaria ( bg, Република България, links=no, Republika Bǎlgariya, ), is a country in Southeast Europe. It is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia ...

Bulgaria
for 269 km, with the
Aegean Sea The Aegean Sea ; tr, Ege Denizi is an elongated Bay, embayment of the Mediterranean Sea located between Europe's Geography of Europe, Balkan peninsula and Asia's Anatolia peninsula. The sea has an area of some 215,000 square kilometres. In ...

Aegean Sea
to the south-west and the
Black Sea , with the skyline of Batumi Batumi (; ka, ბათუმი ) is the second largest city of Georgia Georgia usually refers to: * Georgia (country) Georgia ( ka, საქართველო; ''Sakartvelo''; ) is a country locat ...

Black Sea
to the north-east. *** Disclaimer: Sources may modify and/or release updated data, this will not be automatically reflected in these tables, additionally the refugee crisis' vast floating migrants have seriously complicated data collection, especially since 2013. Estimates and Census use different methodology and are not directly comparable. Source
Citypopulation.de
mirroring data from: State Institute of Statistics, Republic of Turkey (web).


History

East Thrace was the setting for several important events in history and legend, including: * In 1000 BCE, Thracian tribes found the settlements of Lygos and Semistra; Plinius mentions the founding of Semistra in his histories and traces of Lygos remain near Seraglio Point. * The Greek myth of
Hero and Leander Hero and Leander is the Greek myth Greek mythology is the body of myths originally told by the Ancient Greece, ancient Greeks, and a genre of Ancient Greek folklore. These stories concern the Cosmogony, origin and Cosmology#Metaphysical c ...
takes place in the ancient city of
Sestus Sestos ( el, Σηστός, la, Sestus) was an ancient city in Thrace Thrace (; el, Θράκη, Thráki; bg, Тракия, Trakiya; tr, Trakya) or Thrake is a geographical and historical region in Southeast Europe, now split among Bulg ...
. *
Aeneas In Greco-Roman mythology, Aeneas (, ; from Greek language, Greek: Αἰνείας, ''Aineíās'') was a Trojan hero, the son of the Trojan prince Anchises and the goddess Aphrodite (equivalent to the Roman Venus (mythology), Venus). His father ...
founded the city of Aenus while trying to find new lands during his mythological travels. * After the death of
Alexander the Great Alexander III of Macedon ( grc-gre, Αλέξανδρος}, ; 20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great, was a king (''basileus ''Basileus'' ( el, βασιλεύς) is a Greek term and title A title ...

Alexander the Great
, in the period called the
Diadochi 250px, Bust of Seleucus ''Nicator'' ("Victor"; 358 – 281 BCE), the last of the original Diadochi. The Diadochi (; plural of Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the ...

Diadochi
, Alexander's general
Lysimachus Lysimachus (; Greek language, Greek: Λυσίμαχος, ''Lysimachos''; c. 360 BC – 281 BC) was a Thessaly, Thessalian officer and Diadochi, successor of Alexander the Great, who in 306 BC, became King of Thrace, Anatolia, Asia Minor and Mace ...

Lysimachus
(360-281 BC) became king of Thrace and established his capital in
Lysimachia ''Lysimachia'' () is a genus consisting of 193 accepted species of flowering plants traditionally Taxonomy (biology), classified in the family Primulaceae. Based on a Molecular phylogeny, molecular phylogenetic study it was transferred to the f ...
. * The
Battle of Adrianople The Battle of Adrianople (9 August 378), sometimes known as the Battle of Hadrianopolis, was fought between an Eastern Roman Empire, Eastern Roman East Roman army, army led by the Eastern Roman Emperor Valens and Goths, Gothic rebels (largely T ...
in 378 was an important turning point in the decline of the Roman Empire. * Çimpe Castle was the first European territory held by the
Ottoman Empire The Ottoman Empire (; ', ; or '; )info page on bookat Martin Luther University) // CITED: p. 36 (PDF p. 38/338). was an empire that controlled much of Southeastern Europe, Western Asia, and North Africa, Northern Africa between the 14th ...
. *
Edirne Edirne (, ), formerly known as Adrianople or Hadrianopolis (), is a city in Turkey Turkey ( tr, Türkiye ), officially the Republic of Turkey, is a country located mainly on Anatolia Anatolia,, tr, Anadolu Yarımadası), and the ...
was the second capital of the Ottoman Empire after
Bursa (ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the used in and the from around 1500 BC to 300 BC. It is often roughly divided into the following periods: (), Dark Ages (), the period (), and the period (). Ancient Greek wa ...

Bursa
. * The
Gallipoli Campaign#REDIRECT Gallipoli campaign The Gallipoli campaign, or ). was a military campaign in the First World War World War I or the First World War, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28& ...
, one of the most important campaigns of the
First World War World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainmen ...
, was fought on the
Gallipoli peninsula The Gallipoli peninsula A peninsula ( la, paeninsula from 'almost' and 'island') is a landform A landform is a natural or artificial feature of the solid surface of the Earth or other planetary body A planet is an astronomical bod ...

Gallipoli peninsula
. The
mass killings Mass killing is a concept which has been proposed by genocide scholars who wish to define incidents of non-combat killing which are perpetrated by a government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized co ...
and displacement of
Thracian Bulgarians Thracians or Thracian Bulgarians (Bulgarian language, Bulgarian: Тракийски българи or Тракийци) are a regional, ethnographic group of ethnic Bulgarians, inhabiting or native to Thrace. Today, the larger part of this popul ...
in 1913 and the 1923
population exchange between Greece and Turkey The 1923 population exchange between Greece and Turkey ( el, Ἡ Ἀνταλλαγή, I Antallagí, ota, مبادله, Mübâdele, tr, Mübadele) stemmed from the "Convention Concerning the Exchange of Greek and Turkish Populations" signed at ...
ethnically cleansed the Orthodox populations. Jews were ethnically cleansed as a result of
1934 Thrace pogroms The 1934 Thrace pogroms ( tr, Trakya Olayları, "Thrace incidents" or "Thrace events") refers to a series of violent attacks against Jewish citizens of Turkey in June and July 1934 in the Thrace region of Turkey. According to Corry Guttstadt, a " ...
. During the
Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878) The Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878 ( tr, 93 Harbi, lit=War of ’93, named for the year 1293 in the Islamic calendar; bg, Руско–турска Освободителна война, Rusko-turska Osvoboditelna vojna, "Russian–Turkish Liber ...

Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878)
, the
Balkan Wars The Balkan Wars consisted of two conflicts that took place in the Balkan Peninsula in 1912 and 1913. Four Balkan states defeated the Ottoman Empire in the First Balkan War. In the Second Balkan War, Bulgaria fought against all four original comb ...

Balkan Wars
(1912–1913), and the population exchange of 1923, Muslim
Muhacir Muhacir or Muhajir (from ar, مهاجر, translit=muhājir, lit=migrant) are the estimated 10 million Ottoman Empire, Ottoman Muslim citizens, and their descendants born after the onset of the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, mostly Turkish peop ...
of various ethnic groups from the former Ottoman territories in the Balkans, resettled in Eastern Thrace.http://ieg-ego.eu/en/threads/europe-on-the-road/forced-ethnic-migration/berna-pekesen-expulsion-and-emigration-of-the-muslims-from-the-balkans?set_language=en&-C= Prior to that the distribution of ethnoreligious groups in the local ''sanjaks'' was as follows: The Muslim ''
millet Millets () are a group of highly variable small-seeded grasses, widely grown around the world as cereal crops or grains for fodder and human food. Millets are important crops in the semiarid tropics of Asia and Africa (especially in Indi ...
'' was recorded as Turkish, while the church members of the Ecumenical Patriarchate were recorded as
Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is approximately 10.7 million as of ...
. In the past century, modern East Thrace was the main component of the territory of the
Adrianople Vilayet The Vilayet of Adrianople or Vilayet of Edirne ( ota, ولايت ادرنه; ''Vilâyet-i Edirne'') was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire. This vilayet was split between Turkey and Greece in 1923, culminating in ...
, which excluded the
Constantinople Vilayet The Vilayet of Constantinople or Istanbul ( tr, Vilâyet-i İstanbul, french: Vilayet de Constantinople) was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire, encompassing the imperial capital, Ottoman Constantinople, Constant ...
, but included
West Thrace Western Thrace or West Thrace ( el, υτικήΘράκη, '' ytikíThráki'' / Turkish language, Turkish: ''Batı Trakya''; bg, Западна Тракия, ''Zapadna Trakiya'' or Беломорска Тракия, ''Belomorska Trakiya'' ...
and parts of the
Rhodopes The Rhodopes (; bg, Родопи, ; el, Ροδόπη, ''Rodopi''; rup, Rodopi) are a mountain range in Southeastern Europe, with over 83% of its area in southern Bulgaria and the remainder in Greece. Golyam Perelik is its highest peak at . The ...
and Sakar. A publication from December 21, 1912 in the Belgian magazine ''Ons Volk Ontwaakt'' (‘Our Nation Awakes’) estimated 1,006,500 inhabitants in the vilayet:Published on December 21, 1912 in the Belgian magazine ''Ons Volk Ontwaakt'' (Our Nation Awakes) - view the table of Vilajet Manastir
Skynet GodsdBalkan
21st century East Thrace constitutes what remains of Turkish
Rumelia Rumelia ( ota, روم ايلى, Rum İli; tr, Rumeli; el, Ρωμυλία), etymologically "Land of the Romans Roman or Romans usually refers to: *Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder ...
, which once stretched as far north as Hungary and as far west as Bosnia. Rumelia was lost piecemeal from 1699 onwards, until in 1912 the bulk of it was lost in the
First Balkan War The First Balkan War ( bg, Балканска война; el, Αʹ Βαλκανικός πόλεμος; sr, Први балкански рат, ''Prvi Balkanski rat''; tr, Birinci Balkan Savaşı) lasted from October 1912 to May 1913 and invo ...

First Balkan War
. Some small regains were made during the
Second Balkan War The Second Balkan War was a conflict which broke out when Bulgaria Bulgaria (; bg, България, Bǎlgariya), officially the Republic of Bulgaria ( bg, Република България, links=no, Republika Bǎlgariya, ), is a coun ...

Second Balkan War
. The current borders were set forth in the
Treaty of Constantinople (1913) The Treaty of Constantinople (Treaty of İstanbul) was a treaty between the Ottoman Empire and the Kingdom of Bulgaria signed on 29 September 1913 after the Second Balkan War at the Ottoman capital Constantinople, modern İstanbul. Background ...
and the Bulgarian-Ottoman convention (1915), and were reaffirmed in the
Treaty of Lausanne The Treaty of Lausanne (french: Traité de Lausanne) was a peace treaty A peace treaty is an agreementAgreement may refer to: Agreements between people and organizations * Gentlemen's agreement A gentlemen's agreement, or gentleman's agre ...
.


Attractions and Festivals

Some tourist attractions are the
Edirne Museum
Edirne Museum
, Complex of Sultan Bayezid II Health Museum,
Treaty of Lausanne Monument and Museum The Treaty of Lausanne Monument and Museum ( tr, Lozan Anıtı ve Müzesi) are a monument and a museum dedicated to the Treaty of Lausanne of 1923. The monument, opened in 1998, is located at Karaağaç, Edirne in Turkey, and the museum is next to ...
, Kırklareli Museum, and the
Edirne Palace , image = CihannümaKasrıEdirne.JPG , caption = Cihannüme Kasrı (Panaromic Pavilion), main palace ruin. , map_type = Turkey , map_caption = Location in Turkey , coordinates = , location ...
. There are several historical religious buildings, such as the
Selimiye Mosque Selimiye Mosque may refer to: * Selimie Mosque, Albania * Big Selimiye Mosque, Istanbul, Turkey * Selimiye Mosque, Edirne, Turkey (UNESCO World Heritage Site) * Selimiye Mosque, Konya, Turkey * Selimiye Mosque, Nicosia, Cyprus historically kn ...
,
Üç Şerefeli Mosque The Üç Şerefeli Mosque ( tr, Üç Şerefeli Camii) is a 15th-century Ottoman Ottoman is the Turkish spelling of the Arabic masculine given name Uthman (name), Uthman (Arabic: عُثْمان ''‘uthmān''). It may refer to: Governments and dy ...
, Old Mosque, Muradiye Mosque, and the
Grand Synagogue of Edirne Grand Synagogue of Edirne, aka Adrianople Synagogue (Hebrew: , tr, Edirne Büyük Sinagogu) is a historic Sephardi Sephardi Jews, also known as Sephardic Jews, ''Sephardim'',, Modern Hebrew: ''Sefaraddim'', Tiberian: Səp̄āraddîm, also , ...
. There are also historical bridges, such as the Fatih Bridge,
Meriç Bridge Meriç Bridge ( tr, Meriç Köprüsü), ''Yeni Köprü'', meaning New Bridge or Mecidiye Bridge, after Sultan Abdülmecid I, is a historic Ottoman Ottoman is the Turkish spelling of the Arabic masculine given name Uthman (name), Uthman (Arabic: ع ...
, and Uzunköprü Bridge. Natural attractions include the Lake Gala National Park, İğneada Floodplain Forests National Park, Lake Saka Nature Reserve, and
Dupnisa Cave
Dupnisa Cave
. Since 1360, the
oil wrestling Oil wrestling ( tr, Yağlı güreş), also called grease wrestling, is a traditional Turkish sport. This is called oil wrestling because they wrestle with oil on their bodies. Competitions are held in "Proving Grounds." Since oiling the wrestlers' ...
tournament Kırkpınar is held annually near Edirne; usually in late June. The
Romani Romani may refer to: Ethnicities *Romani people The Romani (), also known as the Roma, are an Indo-Aryan people, traditionally nomadic itinerants living mostly in Europe Europe is a continent A continent is one of several ...
festival
Kakava Kakava is a celebration event of Romani people in Turkey. Its place of origin is East Thrace in Turkey. Events The belief that a Savior ''Baba Fingo'' would come and rescue them because the Savior Baba Fingo is immortal. He is identified with Jh ...
is held annually in Edirne and Kırklareli.


Gallery

Image:Etty William Hero and Leander 1828.jpg,
Hero and Leander Hero and Leander is the Greek myth Greek mythology is the body of myths originally told by the Ancient Greece, ancient Greeks, and a genre of Ancient Greek folklore. These stories concern the Cosmogony, origin and Cosmology#Metaphysical c ...
Image:LysimachusCoinWithHornedAlexander.jpg, Coin of
Lysimachus Lysimachus (; Greek language, Greek: Λυσίμαχος, ''Lysimachos''; c. 360 BC – 281 BC) was a Thessaly, Thessalian officer and Diadochi, successor of Alexander the Great, who in 306 BC, became King of Thrace, Anatolia, Asia Minor and Mace ...

Lysimachus
Image:Selimiye Mosque.png,
Selimiye Mosque Selimiye Mosque may refer to: * Selimie Mosque, Albania * Big Selimiye Mosque, Istanbul, Turkey * Selimiye Mosque, Edirne, Turkey (UNESCO World Heritage Site) * Selimiye Mosque, Konya, Turkey * Selimiye Mosque, Nicosia, Cyprus historically kn ...
,
Edirne Edirne (, ), formerly known as Adrianople or Hadrianopolis (), is a city in Turkey Turkey ( tr, Türkiye ), officially the Republic of Turkey, is a country located mainly on Anatolia Anatolia,, tr, Anadolu Yarımadası), and the ...
Image:V Beach Helles Gallipoli.jpg,
Cape Helles Cape Helles is the rocky headland at the southwesternmost tip of the Gallipoli The Gallipoli peninsula (; tr, Gelibolu Yarımadası; grc, Χερσόνησος της Καλλίπολης, ) is located in the southern part of East Thrace, the ...
during the
Gallipoli Campaign#REDIRECT Gallipoli campaign The Gallipoli campaign, or ). was a military campaign in the First World War World War I or the First World War, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28& ...


See also

*
Geography of Turkey Turkey is a large, roughly rectangular peninsula that bridges southeastern Europe and Asia. Thrace, the European portion of Turkey comprises 3%The Dorling Kindersley World Reference Atlas. New York: Dorling Kindersley, 2014. of the country and 1 ...
*
Northern Thrace Northern Thrace or North Thrace ( bg, Северна Тракия, as opposed to Western Thrace and East Thrace to the south; tr, Kuzey Trakya; el, Βόρεια Θράκη), also called Bulgarian Thrace, constitutes the northern and largest part ...
*
Upper Thracian Plain The Upper Thracian Plain ( bg, Горнотракийска низина, ''Gornotrakiyska nizina'') constitutes the northern part of the historical region of Thrace Thrace (; el, Θράκη, Thráki; bg, Тракия, Trakiya; tr, Tr ...

Upper Thracian Plain
*
Western Thrace Western Thrace or West Thrace ( el, υτικήΘράκη, '' ytikíThráki'' ; tr, Batı Trakya; bg, Западна/Беломорска Тракия, ''Zapadna/Belomorska Trakiya''), also known as Greek Thrace, is a Geography, geograp ...


References

{{Authority control Geography of Turkey Bulgarian-speaking countries and territories Greek-speaking countries and territories Turkish-speaking countries and territories Peninsulas of Turkey Geography of the Middle East