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The Eastern Theater Command Navy (), or East Sea Fleet (ESF; ), is one of the three fleets of the
People's Liberation Army Navy The People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN; ), also known as the Chinese Navy or PLA Navy, is the naval warfare Naval warfare is combat Combat ( French for ''fight'') is a purposeful violent conflict meant to physically harm or kill th ...
, operating in the
East China Sea The East China Sea is an arm of the Western Pacific Ocean The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbour and support life. 29.2% o ...

East China Sea
under the
Eastern Theater Command The Eastern Theater Command is one of the five theater commands of the People's Liberation Army The People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, hi ...
. It was the first naval force formed by the People's Liberation Army, on 23 April 1949 and was initially based at
Shanghai Shanghai (, , Standard Chinese, Standard Mandarin pronunciation: ) is one of the four Direct-administered municipalities of China, direct-administered municipalities of the China, People's Republic of China. The city is located on the sou ...

Shanghai
. Renamed in 1955, it has since been assigned to be part of the
People's Liberation Army Navy The People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN; ), also known as the Chinese Navy or PLA Navy, is the naval warfare Naval warfare is combat Combat ( French for ''fight'') is a purposeful violent conflict meant to physically harm or kill th ...
and its headquarters have been moved to
Ningbo Ningbo (; , Standard Mandarin Standard Chinese (), in linguistics known as Standard Northern Mandarin, Standard Beijing Mandarin or simply Mandarin, is a dialect of Mandarin that emerged as the lingua franca A lingua franca (; ; f ...
,
Zhejiang Province Zhejiang (, ; , Chinese postal romanization, also romanized as Chekiang) is an East China, eastern, coastal Provinces of China, province of the China, People's Republic of China. Its capital and largest city is Hangzhou. Zhejiang is bordered ...
, but the fleet continues to patrol the
East China Sea The East China Sea is an arm of the Western Pacific Ocean The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbour and support life. 29.2% o ...

East China Sea
. Its flagship is ''150 Changchun''. The fleet was used in a support role during the
People's Liberation Army The People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare War is an intense armed conflict between St ...
's (PLA) invasion of the
Kuomintang The Kuomintang (KMT), also referred to as the Guomindang (GMD) or the Chinese Nationalist Party, is a political party in the Taiwan, Republic of China, initially Republic of China (1912–1949), on the Mainland China, Chinese mainland and ...
-held island of
Yijiangshan The Yijiangshan Islands () are two small islands eight miles from the Dachen Islands, located off the coast of Taizhou, Zhejiang in the East China Sea. During the First Taiwan Strait crisis the islands were captured in January 1955 by the People's ...
on 14 January 1955. It has engaged in numerous other battles against the
Republic of China Armed Forces The Republic of China Armed Forces are the armed forces of the Republic of China Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia. It shares Maritime boundary, maritime borders with the China, People's Republic ...
. It has also operated in support of the
South Sea Fleet The Southern Theater Command Navy (), or the South Sea Fleet (SSF; ) is one of the three fleets of the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy The People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN; ), also known as the Chinese Navy or PLA Navy, is the n ...
against the
People's Army of Vietnam The People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN; vi, Quân đội Nhân dân Việt Nam), also known as the Vietnamese People's Army (VPA), is the military force of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam , image_map = , map_caption ...
, particularly in the 1980s. The fleet has been augmented by two ''Sovremenny''-class missile destroyers, with a further 2 delivered by the end of 2006. Four
Kilo class Kilo class, Soviet designation Project 877 ''Paltus'' (russian: Па́лтус, meaning "halibut", List of Soviet and Russian submarine classes, NATO reporting name Kilo), is a class of diesel-electric attack submarines designed and built in ...
attack submarines have also joined the fleet.


Major naval bases of the fleet

*
Ningbo Ningbo (; , Standard Mandarin Standard Chinese (), in linguistics known as Standard Northern Mandarin, Standard Beijing Mandarin or simply Mandarin, is a dialect of Mandarin that emerged as the lingua franca A lingua franca (; ; f ...
Fleet Headquarters *
Shanghai Shanghai (, , Standard Chinese, Standard Mandarin pronunciation: ) is one of the four Direct-administered municipalities of China, direct-administered municipalities of the China, People's Republic of China. The city is located on the sou ...

Shanghai
Naval Base * Xiangshan Naval Base *
Zhoushan Zhoushan , formerly postal map romanization, romanized as Chusan, is an urbanized archipelago with the administrative status of a prefecture-level city in the eastern Chinese province of Zhejiang. It consists of an archipelago of islands at ...

Zhoushan
Naval Base *
Fujian Fujian (; alternately romanized as Fukien or Hokkien) is a province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, sub ...

Fujian
Naval Base


Ships in the fleet

;
Rescue and salvage ship Rescue and salvage ships (hull classification symbol ARS) are a type of military salvage tug. They are tasked with coming to the aid of stricken vessels. Their general mission capabilities include combat salvage, lifting, towing, retraction of grou ...
* 1
Type 925 submarine support ship The Type 925 Dajiang (大江) is a type of naval auxiliary ship belonging to the People's Republic of China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of A ...
(''Dajiang''-class) ** '' Chongmingdao'' (862, ) ;Destroyers * 5 Type 052D destroyer, Type 052D (''Luyang III''-class) ** ''Chinese destroyer Xiamen, Xiamen'' (154) ** ''Chinese destroyer Nanjing, Nanjing'' (155) ** ''Chinese destroyer Taiyuan, Taiyuan'' (131) ** ''Chinese destroyer Zibo, Zibo'' (156) ** ''Chinese destroyer Suzhou, Suzhou'' (132) * 4 Type 052C destroyer, Type 052C (''Luyang II''-class) ** ''Chinese destroyer Changchun (150), Changchun'' (150, )- flagship of the Fleet ** ''Chinese destroyer Zhengzhou (151), Zhengzhou'' (151, ) ** ''Chinese destroyer Jinan (152), Jinan'' (152, ) ** ''Chinese destroyer Xi'an (153), Xi'an'' (153, ) * 4 Sovremenny class destroyer#PLAN variants, ''Sovremenny''-class (现代, Project 956EM) ** ''956E Type'' *** ''Chinese destroyer Hangzhou (136), Hangzhou'' (136, ) *** ''Chinese destroyer Fuzhou (137), Fuzhou'' (137, ) ** ''956EM Type'' *** ''Chinese destroyer Taizhou (138), Taizhou'' (138, ) *** ''Chinese destroyer Ningbo (139), Ningbo'' (139, ) ;Frigates * 9 Type 054A frigate, Type 054A (''Jiangkai II''-class): ** ''Chinese frigate Zhoushan (529), Zhoushan'' (529, ) ** ''Chinese frigate Xuzhou (530), Xuzhou'' (530, ) ** ''Chinese frigate Yiyang (548), Yiyang'' (548, ) ** ''Chinese frigate Changzhou (549), Changzhou'' (549, ) ** ''Chinese frigate Huanggang (577), Huanggang'' (577, ) ** ''Chinese frigate Yangzhou (578), Yangzhou'' (578, ) ** ''Chinese frigate Jingzhou (532), Jingzhou'' (532, ) ** ''Chinese frigate Xiangtan (531), Xiangtan'' (531, ) ** ''Chinese frigate Binzhou (515), Binzhou'' (515, ) **''Chinese frigate Anyang (599), Anyang'' (599, ) **''Chinese frigate Nantong (601), Nantong'' (601, ) * 2 Type 054 frigate, Type 054 (''Jiangkai I''-class): ** ''Chinese frigate Ma'anshan (525), Ma'anshan'' (525, ) ** ''Chinese frigate Wenzhou (526), Wenzhou'' (526, ) * 4 Type 053H3 frigate, Type 053H3 ''Jiangwei II''-class: ** ''Jiaxing'' (521, ) ** ''Lianyungang'' (522, ) ** ''Putian'' (523, ) ** ''Chinese frigate Sanming (524), Sanming'' (524, ) * 2 Type 053 frigate#Versions, Type 053H1G (''Jianghu V''-class ): ** ''Beihai'' (558, ) ** ''Foshan'' (559, ) * 1 Type 053 frigate#Versions, Type 053H (''Jianghu I''-class): ** ''Jiujiang'' (516, ) ;Corvettes * 10 Type 056 corvette, Type 056 (''Jiangdao''-class): ** ''Bengbu'' (582, ) ** ''Shangrao'' (583, ) ** ''Ji'an'' (586, ) ** ''Quanzhou'' (588, ) ** ''Sanmenxia'' (593, ) ** ''Suzhou'' (503, ) ** ''Baoding'' (511, ) ** ''Heze'' (512, ) ** ''Ningde'' (510, ) ** ''Ezhou'' (513, ) ;Diesel-electric submarines * 4 Kilo class submarine, ''Kilo''-class: ** ''364'' ** ''365'' ** ''366'' ** ''367'' * 3 Song class, Type 039 (''Song''-class) ** ''320'' ** ''321'' ** ''322'' ;Amphibious warfare ship, Landing ships * 2 Type 071 amphibious transport dock ('' Yuzhao''-Class): ** ''Chinese landing ship Yimeng Shan, Yimeng Shan'' (988) ** ''Longhu Shan'' (980) * 1 Type 072A landing ship (''Yuting III''-class): ** ''Baxian Shan'' (913) * 6 Type 072III landing ship, Type 072III LST (''Yuting II''-class): ** ''Danxia Shan'' (934) ** ''Xuefeng Shan'' (935) ** ''Haiyang Shan'' (936) ** ''Qingcheng Shan'' (937) ** ''Putuo Shan'' (939) ** ''Tiantai Shan'' (940) * 1 Type 072II landing ship, Type 072II LST (''Yuting''-class): ** ''Lingyan Shan'' (930) * 3 Type 072 landing ship, Type 072 LST (''Yukan''-class): ** ''Yuntai Shan'' (927) ** ''Wufeng Shan'' (928) ** ''Zijin Shan'' (929) ;Replenishment oiler, Replenishment ships * 3 Type 903 replenishment ship, Type 903 (''Fuchi''-class) ** ''Chinese ship Qiandaohu, Qiandaohu'' (886) ** ''Chinese ship Chaohu, Chaohu'' (890) ** ''Chinese ship Gaoyouhu, Gaoyaohu'' (966) * 1 Type 905 replenishment tanker, Type 905 (''Fuqing''-class) **''Poyanghu'' (882)


See also

*
People's Liberation Army Navy The People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN; ), also known as the Chinese Navy or PLA Navy, is the naval warfare Naval warfare is combat Combat ( French for ''fight'') is a purposeful violent conflict meant to physically harm or kill th ...
** North Sea Fleet **
South Sea Fleet The Southern Theater Command Navy (), or the South Sea Fleet (SSF; ) is one of the three fleets of the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy The People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN; ), also known as the Chinese Navy or PLA Navy, is the n ...


References


External links


GlobalSecurity.org
{{People's Liberation Army East Sea Fleet, Fleets of the People's Liberation Army Navy East China Sea Eastern Theater Command Nanjing Military Region Military units and formations established in 1949 1949 establishments in China