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Somalia Somalia,, Osmanya script: ๐’ˆ๐’๐’‘๐’›๐’๐’˜๐’•๐’–; ar, ุงู„ุตูˆู…ุงู„, aแนฃ-แนขลซmฤl officially the Federal Republic of SomaliaThe ''Federal Republic of Somalia'' is the country's name per Article 1 of thProvisional Constitutio ...

Somalia
is officially divided into thirteen administrative regions (''gobollo'', singular ''gobol'') and five claimed but uncontrolled regions in
Somaliland Somaliland ( so, Soomaaliland; ar, ุตูˆู…ุงู„ูŠู„ุงู†ุฏ ', '), officially the Republic of Somaliland ( so, Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliland, ar, ุฌู…ู‡ูˆุฑูŠุฉ ุตูˆู…ุงู„ูŠู„ุงู†ุฏ ''Jumhลซrฤซyat แนขลซmฤlฤซlฤnd''), is a de facto sovereign s ...

Somaliland
. These are in turn subdivided into seventy-two districts (plural ''degmooyin''; singular ''degmo'') and eighteen claimed but uncontrolled districts in Somaliland. On a ''de facto'' basis, northern Somalia is now divided up among the autonomous region of
Puntland Puntland ( so, Puntland, ar, ุฃุฑุถ ุงู„ุจู†ุท, it, Terra di Punt or ''Paese di Punt''), officially the Puntland State of Somalia ( so, Dowladda Federalkaa ee Puntland , ar, ูˆู„ุงูŠุฉ ุฃุฑุถ ุงู„ุจู†ุท ุงู„ุตูˆู…ุงู„ูŠุฉ), is a States and ...

Puntland
(which considers itself an
autonomous state An autonomous administrative division (also referred to as an autonomous area, entity, unit, region, subdivision, or territory) is a subnational administrative division or territory, internal territory of a sovereign state that has a degree of ...
) and
Somaliland Somaliland ( so, Soomaaliland; ar, ุตูˆู…ุงู„ูŠู„ุงู†ุฏ ', '), officially the Republic of Somaliland ( so, Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliland, ar, ุฌู…ู‡ูˆุฑูŠุฉ ุตูˆู…ุงู„ูŠู„ุงู†ุฏ ''Jumhลซrฤซyat แนขลซmฤlฤซlฤnd''), is a de facto sovereign s ...

Somaliland
(a self-declared but unrecognized sovereign state). In central Somalia,
Galmudug Galmudug (Arabic: ''ุฌู„ู…ุฏุฌ''; it, Galmudugh), officially Galmudug State of Somalia (Somali language, Somali: ''Dowlad Goboleedka Galmudug ee Somalia, Soomaaliya''), is a States and regions of Somalia, Federal Member State in central Somalia, ...

Galmudug
is another regional entity that emerged south of Puntland. For these
civil war A civil war, also known as an intrastate war in polemology, is a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine publis ...
divisions, see ''
States and regions of Somalia Somalia Somalia,, Osmanya script: ๐’ˆ๐’๐’‘๐’›๐’๐’˜๐’•๐’–; ar, ุงู„ุตูˆู…ุงู„, aแนฃ-แนขลซmฤl officially the Federal Republic of SomaliaThe ''Federal Republic of Somalia'' is the country's name per Article 1 of thProvisional C ...
''.


Regions and districts


Historical divisions


Pre-independence

In 1931,
Italian Somaliland Italian Somaliland ( it, Somala italiana; ar, ุงู„ุตูˆู…ุงู„ ุงู„ุฅูŠุทุงู„ูŠ, Al-Sumal Al-Italiy; so, Dhulka Talyaaniga ee Soomaalida), was a protectorate of the Kingdom of Italy The Kingdom of Italy ( it, Regno d'Italia) was a state which ...

Italian Somaliland
consisted of seven commissariats."Regions of Somalia"
''Statoids''. Retrieved 20 February 2011.
* Alto Giuba * Alto Uebi-Scebeli * Basso Giuba * Basso Uebi-Scebeli * Migiurtinia * Mogadiscio * Mudugh Following the 1935โ€“36
Second Italo-Abyssinian War The Second Italo-Ethiopian War, also referred to as the Second Italo-Abyssinian War, was a war of aggression A war of aggression, sometimes also war of conquest, is a military conflict waged without the justification of self-defense, usual ...
, Italian Somaliland became part of
Italian East Africa Italian East Africa ( it, Africa Orientale Italiana, AOI) was an Italian colony in the Horn of Africa The Horn of Africa (HoA) om, Gaafa Afrikaa, am, แ‹จแŠ แแˆชแŠซ แ‰€แŠ•แ‹ต, yรคafrika qรคnd, so, Geeska Afrika ๐’Œ๐’œ๐’ˆ๐’๐’– ๐’–๐’ ...

Italian East Africa
with
Abyssinia The Ethiopian Empire (), also formerly known by the exonym An endonym (from Greek: , 'inner' + , 'name'; also known as autonym) is a common, internal name A name is a term used for identification by an external observer. They can identify ...
(Ethiopia) and
Eritrea Eritrea ( ), officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in the Horn of Africa The Horn of Africa (HoA), also known as the Somali Peninsula, is a large peninsula A peninsula ( la, paeninsula from ' "almost" and ' "island") is a ...

Eritrea
. Italian Somaliland was one of six
governorate A governorate is an administrative division of a country. It is headed by a governor. As English-speaking nations tend to call regions administered by governors either State (administrative division), states or provinces, the term ''governorate'' ...
s of the new colony, the
Somalia Governorate Somalia Governorate was one of the six governorates of Italian East Africa. It was formed from the previously separate colony of Italian Somalia, enlarged by the Ogaden region of the conquered Ethiopian Empire following the Second Italo-Ethiopi ...
, and incorporated
Somali Somali refers to an East African tribe (ethnic group) native to Somalia Somalia,; ar, ุงู„ุตูˆู…ุงู„, aแนฃ-แนขลซmฤl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a country in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, D ...
-inhabited parts of the former Abyssinia. The governorate was subdivided into 10 commissariats, which were themselves divided into residencies. * Alto Giuba ''(English: Upper
Juba Juba (Arabic: ุฌูˆุจุง) is the Capital city, capital and largest city of South Sudan. The city is situated on the White Nile and also serves as the capital of the Central Equatoria, Central Equatoria State. It is the world's newest capital ...
)'' (capital:
Baidoa Baidoa ( so, Baydhabo) is capital in the southwestern Bay A bay is a recessed, coastal body of water that directly connects to a larger main body of water, such as an ocean The ocean (also the sea or the world ocean) is the bod ...

Baidoa
) * Alto Scebeli ''(Upper )'' ( Bulo Burti) * Basso Scebeli ''( Lower Shabele)'' (
Merca Merca ( so, Marka, Maay Maay, Maay: ''Marky'', ar, ู…ุฑูƒุฉ) is a historic port city in the southern Lower Shebelle province of Somalia. It is located approximately to the southwest of the nation's capital Mogadishu. Merca is the traditional home ...
) * Migiurtinia ''( Migiurtinia)'' (
Dante Dante Alighieri (), probably baptized Durante di Alighiero degli Alighieri and often referred to Mononymous person, simply as Dante (, also ; โ€“ 14 September 1321), was an Italian Italian poetry, poet, writer and philosopher. His ''Divine Co ...
) * Mogadiscio ''(
Mogadishu Mogadishu (, also ; so, Muqdisho or Xamar ; ar, ู…ู‚ุฏูŠุดูˆ, Muqadฤซshลซ ; it, Mogadiscio ), locally known as Xamar or Hamar, is the capital city and most populous city The United Nations uses three definitions for what constitutes a city ...

Mogadishu
)'' () * Mudugh ''(
Mudug Mudug ( so, Mudug; it, Mudugh) is an administrative region (''gobol'') in north-central Somalia Somalia,, Osmanya script: ๐’ˆ๐’๐’‘๐’›๐’๐’˜๐’•๐’–; ar, ุงู„ุตูˆู…ุงู„, aแนฃ-แนขลซmฤl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia ...
)'' ( Rocca Littorio) * Ogaden ''(
Ogaden Ogaden (pronounced and often spelled ''Ogadฤ“n''; so, Ogaadeen, am, แ‹แŒ‹แ‹ดแŠ•) is one of the historical names given to the modern Somali Region The Somali Regional State ( so, Dawlad Deegaanka Soomaalida, am, แ‹จแˆถแˆ›แˆŒ แŠญแˆแˆ, a ...
)'' ( Uarder) * Uebi Gestro ''( Gestro River)'' ( Callafo) * Basso Giuba ''(
Lower Juba Lower Juba ( so, Jubbada Hoose, Maay: ''Jubithy Hoosy'', ar, ุฌูˆุจุง ุงู„ุณูู„ู‰, it, Basso Giuba) is an administrative region (''gobol'') in southern Somalia Somalia,, Osmanya script: ๐’ˆ๐’๐’‘๐’›๐’๐’˜๐’•๐’–; ar, ุงู„ุตูˆ ...
)'' () * Nogal ''(
Nugaal The Nugaal an intermittent river Intermittent, temporary, or seasonal rivers and streams cease to flow every year or at least twice every five years.(Tzoraki et al., 2007) Such river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usuall ...
)'' (
Eil Eil may refer to: Places * Eil (crater), on Mars * Eil, Cologne, a quarter of Cologne, Germany * Eil, Somalia * Eil District, Somalia * Loch Eil, a lake in Scotland Other uses

* Eastern Independent League, an American high school sports c ...
) Following World War II, the Italian-administered
Trust Territory of Somalia The Trust Territory of Somaliland, officially the "Trust Territory of Somaliland under Italian administration" (in Italian: ''Amministrazione fiduciaria italiana della Somalia'') was a United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergove ...
consisted of six Regions. * Alto Giuba * Basso Giuba * Benadir * Hiiraan * Migiurtinia * Mudugh The
British Somaliland British Somaliland, officially the British Somaliland Protectorate ( so, Dhulka Maxmiyada Soomaalida ee Biritishka), was a British Empire, British protectorate in present-day Somaliland. For much of its existence, the territory was bordered by ...
protectorate A protectorate is a state that is controlled and protected by another sovereign state. It is a dependent territory A dependent territory, dependent area, or dependency (sometimes referred as an external territory) is a territory that does not ...
also consisted of two Regions. * Burao * Hargeisa


Somalia

Upon independence in 1960, the Somali Republic maintained the 12 districts of the former Italian Somaliland and British Somaliland that merged to form the new country. In 1964, a new Northeastern (Burao) Province was established by merging Burao, Erigavo, and Las Anod and a Northwestern (Hargeisa) Province was formed from Berbera, Borama, and Hargeisa districts. In 1968, the capital of Basso Giuba was moved from Kismayo to
Jamame Jamame ( so, Jamaame, ar, ุฌู…ุงู…ุฉ, it, Giamama formerly ''Villaggio Regina Margherita''), also spelled Giamame, is a town in the southern Lower Juba Lower Juba ( so, Jubbada Hoose, ar, ุฌูˆุจุง ุงู„ุณูู„ู‰, it, Basso Giuba) is an admini ...
. The 8 provinces at this time were: In 1982, Somalia reorganized from eight provinces into 16 regions. In June 1984, Awdal was split from Woqooyi Galbeed and Sool was split from Nugaal to form the current 18 regions.


See also

*
States and regions of Somalia Somalia Somalia,, Osmanya script: ๐’ˆ๐’๐’‘๐’›๐’๐’˜๐’•๐’–; ar, ุงู„ุตูˆู…ุงู„, aแนฃ-แนขลซmฤl officially the Federal Republic of SomaliaThe ''Federal Republic of Somalia'' is the country's name per Article 1 of thProvisional C ...
*
List of regions of Somalia by Human Development IndexThis is a list of Regions of Somalia by Human Development Index as of 2017. See also * List of countries by Human Development Index References