CreationThe department was formed in June 2001, under the leadership of , when the (MAFF) was merged with part of the Department of Environment, Transport and the Regions (DETR) and with a small part of the . It was created after the perceived failure of MAFF, to deal adequately with an outbreak of . The department had about 9,000 core personnel, . In October 2008, the climate team at Defra was merged with the energy team from the Department for Business Enterprise and Regulatory Reform (BERR), to create the , then headed by .
MinistersThe Defra Ministers are as follows: The is , who replaced in 2019. Shadow ministers portfolios can differ from government departments therefore overlap.
ResponsibilitiesDefra is responsible for British Government policy in the following areas * * * * and * * * s and s * * * * * * * * policy * * * * * * * Some policies apply to alone due to , while others are not devolved and therefore apply to the as a whole.
Executive agenciesThe department's are: * (formerly the Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency, formed by a merger of and the , and later parts of the Food and Environment Research Agency. Animal Health had launched on 2 April 2007 and was formerly the ) * * *
Key delivery partnersThe department's key delivery partners are: * * * * Fera Science (formerly the Food and Environment Research Agency, now a company in which Defra holds a 25% stake) * (a including Forest Enterprise and ) * * (launched on 1 April 2010, incorporates the former ) * National Forest Company * (launched on 11 October 2006, formerly and elements of the and the ) * (a formally known as the Water Services Regulation Authority) * * Sea Fish Industry Authority A full list of departmental delivery and public bodies may be found on the Defra website.
Defra in the English regionsPolicies for environment, food and rural affairs are delivered in the regions by Defra's executive agencies and delivery bodies, in particular , the , and the . Defra provides grant aid to the following flood and risk management operating authorities: * * Internal drainage boards *
Aim and strategic prioritiesDefra's overarching aim is sustainable development, which is defined as "development which enables all people throughout the world to satisfy their basic needs and enjoy a better quality of life without compromising the quality of life of future generations." The Secretary of State wrote in a letter to the Prime Minister that he saw Defra's mission as enabling a move toward what the (WWF) has called "one planet living". Under this overarching aim, Defra has five strategic priorities: * . * and production, including responsibility for the . * Protecting the countryside and natural resource protection. * Sustainable rural communities. * A sustainable farming and food sector including animal health and welfare. Defra Headquarters are at 2, , London. It is also located at Nobel House, 17, , London.https://governmentbuildings.co.uk/properties/view/60246
See also* Air Quality Expert Group * * Cattle Health Initiative * ( ) * Energy policy in the United Kingdom * * Environmental contract * * National Bee Unit * * * Nicola Spence * * * * Waste Implementation Programme