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The Democratic International, also known as the Jamboree in Jamba, was a 1985 meeting of anti-Communist rebels held at the headquarters of
UNITA The National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA, pt, União Nacional para a Independência Total de Angola) is the second-largest political party in Angola. Founded in 1966, UNITA fought alongside the Popular Movement for the L ...
in
Jamba, Angola Jamba is a town in Angola , national_anthem = "Angola Avante "Angola Avante" (, ) is the national anthem A national anthem is a song that officially symbolizes a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body o ...
.J. Easton, Nina. ''Gang of Five: Leaders at the Center of the Conservative Crusade'', 2000. Pages 165-167. The meeting was primarily funded by former
Rite Aid Rite Aid Corporation is an American drugstore A pharmacy (also called "drugstore" in American English or "community pharmacy" or "chemist" in Commonwealth English, or rarely, apothecary) is a retail shop which provides pharmaceutical drugs, am ...

Rite Aid
President
Lewis Lehrman Lewis E. "Lew" Lehrman (born August 15, 1938, in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania) is an American investment banker, businessman, Republican Party (United States), Republican politician, economist, and historian who supports the ongoing study of America ...

Lewis Lehrman
and organized by anti-Communist activists
Jack Abramoff Jack Allan Abramoff (; born February 28, 1959) is an American lobbyist, businessman, film producer A film producer is a person who oversees film production. Either employed by a production company or working Independent film, independently, pr ...
and Jack Wheeler. While the
Reagan administration Ronald Reagan Ronald Wilson Reagan ( ; February 6, 1911June 5, 2004) was an American politician who served as the 40th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the and of the . The pres ...
privately supported the meeting, it did not publicize its position. The governments of
Israel Israel (; he, יִשְׂרָאֵל, translit=Yīsrāʾēl; ar, إِسْرَائِيل, translit=ʾIsrāʾīl), officially the State of Israel ( he, מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל, label=none, translit=Medīnat Yīsrāʾēl; ), is a ...

Israel
and
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 60 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of . South Africa has three capital citie ...

South Africa
supported the idea, but both respective countries were deemed inadvisable for hosting the conference. Participants in the conference included at least four leaders of anti-communist insurgent movements:
Jonas Savimbi Jonas Malheiro Savimbi (; 3 August 1934 – 22 February 2002) was an Angola , national_anthem = "Angola Avante"() , image_map = , map_caption = , capital = Luanda , religion = , religion_year = 2015 , ...

Jonas Savimbi
,
Adolfo Calero Adolfo Calero Portocarrero (December 22, 1931 – June 2, 2012) was a Nicaraguan Nicaragua (; ), officially the Republic of Nicaragua (), is the largest country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entit ...

Adolfo Calero
,
Pa Kao Her Pa Kao Her (Romanized Popular Alphabet, RPA: ''Paj Kaub Hawj'' , Pahawh Hmong, Pahawh: 𖬖𖬰𖬪𖬵 𖬄𖬰 𖬎𖬲𖬟 ) was an ethnic Hmong people, Hmong born in Nong Het District, Xieng Khouang Province, northern Laos, near the border w ...
, and
Abdul Rahim Wardak General Abdul Rahim Wardak (; Pashto/ prs, عبدالرحیم وردگ; born 1945), an ethnic Pashtuns, Pashtun, is an Afghanistan, Afghan politician and former Minister of Defense (Afghanistan), Defense Minister of Afghanistan. He was appointed on ...

Abdul Rahim Wardak
. A number of American conservative lobbyists were also in attendance, including
Jack Abramoff Jack Allan Abramoff (; born February 28, 1959) is an American lobbyist, businessman, film producer A film producer is a person who oversees film production. Either employed by a production company or working Independent film, independently, pr ...
,
Lewis Lehrman Lewis E. "Lew" Lehrman (born August 15, 1938, in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania) is an American investment banker, businessman, Republican Party (United States), Republican politician, economist, and historian who supports the ongoing study of America ...

Lewis Lehrman
, and Jack Wheeler. Military representatives of South Africa and the US, including Lieutenant Colonel
Oliver North Oliver Laurence North (born October 7, 1943) is an American political commentator, television host, military historian, author, and retired United States Marine Corps The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United ...
, were present as well. Security at the event was handled by the
South African Defence Force The South African Defence Force (SADF) comprised the South African armed forces from 1957 until 1994. Shortly before the state reconstituted itself as a republic in 1961, the former Union Defence Force (South Africa), Union Defence Force was ...
. The participants released a communiqué stating:


See also

*
Cold War The Cold War was a period of geopolitical Geopolitics (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country loc ...
*
International Freedom Foundation The International Freedom Foundation (IFF) was a self-described anti-communist group established in Washington, D.C. founded in 1986 by former lobbyist Jack Abramoff. Its purported aim was to promote individual and collective freedoms worldwide: fr ...


References

{{Reflist Angolan Civil War Contras Anti-communism Front organizations UNITA 1985 in Angola Nicaraguan Revolution