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Dartmouth College ( ) is a
private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly two decades from the charts. Both "In Pri ...
Ivy League The Ivy League (also known as The Ancient Eight) is an American collegiate athletic conference An athletic conference is a collection of sports team A sports team is a group of individuals who play sport Sport pertains to any form ...
research university A research university is a university A university ( la, universitas, 'a whole') is an educational institution, institution of higher education, higher (or Tertiary education, tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in va ...
in
Hanover, New Hampshire Hanover is a New England town, town located along the Connecticut River in Grafton County, New Hampshire, Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States. As of the 2020 United States Census, 2020 census, its population was 11,870. The town is home t ...
,
United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., ...

United States
. Established in 1769 by
Eleazar Wheelock Eleazar Wheelock (April 22, 1711 – April 24, 1779) was an American Congregational minister, orator, and educator in Lebanon, Connecticut, for 35 years before founding Dartmouth College , mottoeng = "A voice crying out in the wildernes ...

Eleazar Wheelock
, it is the ninth-oldest institution of
higher education Higher education is tertiary education leading to award of an academic degree. Higher education, also called post-secondary education, third-level or tertiary education, is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after completion ...
in the United States and one of the nine
colonial colleges The colonial colleges are nine institutions of higher education Higher education is tertiary education leading to award of an academic degree. Higher education, also called post-secondary education, third-level or tertiary education, is an o ...
chartered before the
American Revolution The American Revolution was an ideological and political revolution which occurred in colonial North America between 1765 and 1783. The Americans in the Thirteen Colonies The Thirteen Colonies, also known as the Thirteen British Colo ...
. Although founded to educate young
Native Americans Native Americans may refer to: Ethnic groups * Indigenous peoples of the Americas, the pre-Columbian peoples of North and South America and their descendants * Native Americans in the United States * Indigenous peoples in Canada, the indigenous p ...
in
Christian theology #REDIRECT Christian theology #REDIRECT Christian theology Christian theology is the theology of Christianity, Christian belief and practice. * help them better understand Christian tenets * make comparative religion, comparisons between Christia ...
and
liberal arts Liberal arts education (from Latin "free" and "art or principled practice") is the traditional academic program in Western higher education. ''Liberal arts'' takes the term ''Art (skill), art'' in the sense of a learned skill rather than spec ...
, Dartmouth primarily trained Congregationalist ministers during its early history before it gradually secularized, emerging at the turn of the 20th century from relative obscurity to national prominence. Following a liberal arts curriculum, the university provides undergraduate instruction in 40 academic departments and
interdisciplinary Interdisciplinarity or interdisciplinary studies involves the combination of two or more academic disciplines into one activity (e.g., a research project). It draws knowledge from several other fields like sociology, anthropology, psychology, ...
programs, including 57 majors in the
humanities Humanities are List of academic disciplines, academic disciplines that study aspects of human society and culture. In the Renaissance, the term contrasted with Divinity (academic discipline), divinity and referred to what is now called classic ...

humanities
,
social sciences Social science is the branch The branches and leaves of a tree. A branch ( or , ) or tree branch (sometimes referred to in botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biol ...

social sciences
,
natural science Natural science is a Branches of science, branch of science concerned with the description, understanding and prediction of Phenomenon, natural phenomena, based on empirical evidence from observation and experimentation. Mechanisms such as peer r ...

natural science
s, and
engineering Engineering is the use of scientific principles to design and build machines, structures, and other items, including bridges, tunnels, roads, vehicles, and buildings. The discipline of engineering encompasses a broad range of more specializ ...

engineering
, and enables students to design specialized concentrations or engage in
dual degree A double degree program, sometimes called a dual degree, combined degree, conjoint degree, joint degree or double graduation program, involves a student's working for two university degrees in parallel—either at the same institution or at differ ...
programs. Dartmouth comprises five constituent schools: the original undergraduate college, the
Geisel School of Medicine The Geisel School of Medicine is the medical school of Dartmouth College, an Ivy League research university located in Hanover, New Hampshire, United States. The fourth-oldest medical school in the United States, it was founded in 1797 by New ...
, the
Thayer School of Engineering Thayer School of Engineering offers graduate and undergraduate education in engineering sciences at Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, United States. The school was established in 1867 with funds from Brig. Gen. Sylvanus Thayer, known for ...
, the
Tuck School of Business The Tuck School of Business (also known as Tuck, and formally known as the Amos Tuck School of Administration and Finance) is the graduate business school A business school is a university-level institution that confers degrees in business admini ...
, and the Guarini School of Graduate and Advanced Studies. The university also has affiliations with the Dartmouth–Hitchcock Medical Center, the , and the
Hopkins Center for the Arts Hopkins Center for the Arts at Dartmouth College is located at 2 East Wheelock Street in Hanover, New Hampshire. The center, which was designed by Wallace Harrison and foreshadows his later design of Manhattan's Lincoln Center, is the college's cul ...
. With a student enrollment of about 6,600, Dartmouth is the smallest university in the Ivy League. Undergraduate admissions are highly selective with an admissions rate of 6.17% for the class of 2025. Situated on a terrace above the
Connecticut River The Connecticut River is the longest river in the region of the United States, flowing roughly southward for through four states. It rises at the U.S. border with , , and discharges at . Its watershed encompasses , covering parts of five U.S. s ...

Connecticut River
, Dartmouth's main campus is in the rural region of
New England New England is a region comprising six states in the Northeastern United States The Northeastern United States (also referred to as the American Northeast, the Northeast, and the East Coast) is a geographical region In geography ...

New England
. The university functions on a quarter system, operating year-round on four ten-week academic terms. Dartmouth is known for its undergraduate focus, strong
Greek culture The culture of Greece has evolved over thousands of years, beginning in Minoan and later in Mycenaean Greece, continuing most notably into Classical Greece Classical Greece was a period of around 200 years (5th and 4th centuries BC) in Gree ...
, and wide array of enduring campus traditions. Its 34 varsity sports teams compete intercollegiately in the Ivy League conference of the
NCAA Division I NCAA Division I (D-I) is the highest level of intercollegiate athletics College athletics encompasses non-professional A professional is a member of a profession or any person who earns their living from a specified professional activity. Th ...
. Dartmouth is consistently among the highest-ranked universities in the United States, and consistently cited as a leading university for undergraduate teaching and research by ''
U.S. News & World Report ''U.S. News & World Report'' is an American media company that publishes news, opinion, consumer advice, rankings, and analysis. Founded as a news magazine in 1933, ''U.S. News'' transitioned to primarily web-based publishing in 2010, although it ...
''. In 2018, the
Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education The Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education, or simply the Carnegie Classification, is a framework for classifying colleges and universities in the United States. Created in 1970, it is named after and was originally created ...
listed Dartmouth as the only majority-undergraduate, arts-and-sciences focused, doctoral university in the country that has "some graduate coexistence" and "very high research activity". The university has many prominent
alumni An alumnus (; masculine) or an alumna (; feminine) of a college, university, or other school is a former student who has either attended or graduated in some fashion from the institution. The word is Latin and simply means ''student''. The plural ...
, including 170 members of the
U.S. Senate The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress The United States Congress is the legislature of the federal government of the United States. It is Bicameralism, bicameral, comprising a lower body, the ...
and the
U.S. House of Representatives The United States House of Representatives is the lower house A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house. Despite its official position "below" the upper house, in many legis ...
, 24 U.S. governors, 10 billionaire alumni, 8 U.S. Cabinet secretaries, 3
Nobel Prize The Nobel Prizes ( ; sv, Nobelpriset ; no, Nobelprisen ) are five separate prizes that, according to Alfred Nobel Alfred Bernhard Nobel ( , ; 21 October 1833 – 10 December 1896) was a Swedish chemist, engineer, inventor, busines ...
laureates, 2
U.S. Supreme Court The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the highest court in the federal judiciary of the United States of America The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a coun ...

U.S. Supreme Court
justices, and a U.S. vice president. Other notable alumni include 79
Rhodes Scholars 250px, Rhodes House in Oxford, designed by Sir Herbert Baker">Oxford.html" ;"title="Rhodes House in Oxford">Rhodes House in Oxford, designed by Sir Herbert Baker The Rhodes Scholarship is an international Postgraduate education, postgraduate a ...
, 26
Marshall Scholarship The Marshall Scholarship is a postgraduate Postgraduate education (graduate education in North America) involves learning and studying for Academic degree, academic or professional degrees, academic or professional certificates, academic or ...
recipients, and 14
Pulitzer Prize#REDIRECT Pulitzer Prize The Pulitzer Prize () is an award for achievements in newspaper, magazine and online journalism, literature and musical composition within the United States. It was established in 1917 by provisions in the will of Joseph ...
winners. Dartmouth alumni also include many CEOs and founders of
Fortune 500 The ''Fortune'' 500 is an annual list compiled and published by ''Fortune Fortune may refer to: General * Fortuna or Fortune, the Roman goddess of luck * Luck, a chance happening, or that which happens beyond a person's controls * Wealth, an a ...
corporations, high-ranking U.S. diplomats, scholars in academia, literary and media figures, professional athletes, and Olympic medalists.


History

Dartmouth was founded by
Eleazar Wheelock Eleazar Wheelock (April 22, 1711 – April 24, 1779) was an American Congregational minister, orator, and educator in Lebanon, Connecticut, for 35 years before founding Dartmouth College , mottoeng = "A voice crying out in the wildernes ...

Eleazar Wheelock
, a
Yale Yale University is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly two ...
graduate and
Congregational Congregational churches (also Congregationalist churches; Congregationalism) are Protestant Protestantism is a form of Christianity that originated with the 16th-century Reformation, a movement against what its followers perceived to be Crit ...

Congregational
minister from
Columbia, Connecticut Columbia is a town A town is a human settlement. Towns are generally larger than villages and smaller than city, cities, though the criteria to distinguish between them vary considerably in different parts of the world. Origin and us ...
, who had sought to establish a school to train
Native Americans Native Americans may refer to: Ethnic groups * Indigenous peoples of the Americas, the pre-Columbian peoples of North and South America and their descendants * Native Americans in the United States * Indigenous peoples in Canada, the indigenous p ...
as Christian missionaries. Wheelock's ostensible inspiration for such an establishment resulted from his relationship with
Mohegan The Mohegan are an Algonquian peoples, Algonquian Native American tribe historically based in present-day Connecticut. Today the majority of the people are associated with the Mohegan Indian Tribe, a federally recognized tribe living on a reserv ...
Indian . Occom became an ordained minister after studying under Wheelock from 1743 to 1747, and later moved to
Long Island Long Island is a densely populated island in the southeast part of the U.S. state In the , a state is a , of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a , each state holds al jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic ...
to preach to the Montauks. Wheelock founded Moor's Indian Charity School in 1755. The Charity School proved somewhat successful, but additional funding was necessary to continue school's operations, and Wheelock sought the help of friends to raise money. The first major donation to the school was given by John Phillips in 1762, who would go on to found
Phillips Exeter Academy (Not for Oneself) la, Finis Origine Pendet (The End Depends Upon the Beginning) gr, Χάριτι Θεοῦ (By the Grace of God) , location = 20 Main Street , city = Exeter Exeter () is a city in Devon ...
. Occom, accompanied by the Reverend Nathaniel Whitaker, traveled to England in 1766 to raise money from churches. With these funds, they established a trust to help Wheelock. The head of the trust was a
Methodist Methodism, also called the Methodist movement, is a group of historically related denominations Denomination may refer to: * Religious denomination, such as a: ** Christian denomination ** Jewish denomination ** Islamic denomination ** Hindu d ...

Methodist
named
William Legge, 2nd Earl of Dartmouth William is a male Male (♂) is the sex of an organism that produces the gamete known as sperm. A male gamete can fuse with a larger female gamete, or ovum, in the process of fertilization. A male cannot sexual reproduction, reproduce sexually ...

William Legge, 2nd Earl of Dartmouth
. Although the fund provided Wheelock ample financial support for the Charity School, Wheelock initially had trouble recruiting Indians to the institution, primarily because its location was far from tribal territories. In seeking to expand the school into a college, Wheelock relocated it to Hanover, in the
Province of New Hampshire The Province of New Hampshire was a colony of England and later a British province in North America. The name was first given in 1629 to the territory between the Merrimack River, Merrimack and Piscataqua River, Piscataqua rivers on the eastern c ...
. The move from Connecticut followed a lengthy and sometimes frustrating effort to find resources and secure a charter. The Royal Governor of New Hampshire, John Wentworth, provided the land upon which Dartmouth would be built and on December 13, 1769, issued a
royal charter A royal charter is a formal grant issued by a monarch under royal prerogative The royal prerogative is a body of customary authority, privilege and immunity, recognized in common law In law, common law (also known as judicial precedent or ...

royal charter
in the name of
King George III George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 173829 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and of Monarchy of Ireland, Ireland from 25 October 1760 until Acts of Union 1800, the union of the two kingdoms on 1 January 1801, after which he wa ...

King George III
establishing the College. That charter created a college "for the education and instruction of Youth of the Indian Tribes in this Land in reading, writing & all parts of Learning which shall appear necessary and expedient for civilizing & christianizing Children of Pagans as well as in all liberal Arts and Sciences and also of English Youth and any others". The reference to educating Native American youth was included to connect Dartmouth to the Charity School and enable the use of the Charity School's unspent trust funds. Named for William Legge, 2nd Earl of Dartmouth—an important supporter of Eleazar Wheelock's earlier efforts but who, in fact, opposed creation of the College and never donated to it—Dartmouth is the nation's ninth oldest college and the last institution of higher learning established under Colonial rule. The College granted its first degrees in 1771. Given the limited success of the Charity School, however, Wheelock intended his new college as one primarily for whites. Occom, disappointed with Wheelock's departure from the school's original goal of Indian
Christianization Christianization ( or Christianisation) was the conversion of societies to Christianity beginning in late antiquity Late antiquity is a used by historians to describe the time of transition from to the in and adjacent areas bordering th ...
, went on to form his own community of New England Indians called
Brothertown Indians The Brothertown Indians (also ''Brotherton''), located in Wisconsin, are a Native American tribe formed in the late 18th century from communities so-called " praying Indians" (or Moravian Indians), descended from Christianized Pequot The Peq ...
in New York. In 1819, Dartmouth College was the subject of the historic
Dartmouth College case ''Trustees of Dartmouth College v. Woodward'', 17 U.S. (4 Wheat.) 518 (1819), was a landmark decision Landmark court decisions, in present-day common law legal systems, establish precedents that determine a significant new legal principle or conce ...
, which challenged
New Hampshire New Hampshire ( ) is a U.S. state, state in the New England region of the United States. It is bordered by Massachusetts to the south, Vermont to the west, Maine and the Gulf of Maine to the east, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the nor ...

New Hampshire
's 1816 attempt to amend the college' charter to make the school a public university. An institution called Dartmouth University occupied the college buildings and began operating in Hanover in 1817, though the college continued teaching classes in rented rooms nearby.
Daniel Webster Daniel Webster (January 18, 1782 – October 24, 1852) was an American lawyer and statesman who represented New Hampshire and Massachusetts in the United States Congress, U.S. Congress and served as the United States Secretary of State, U.S. Se ...

Daniel Webster
, an
alumnus An alumnus (; masculine) or an alumna (; feminine) of a college, university, or other school is a former student who has either attended or graduated in some fashion from the institution. The word is Latin and simply means ''student''. The plural ...
of the class of 1801, presented the College's case to the
Supreme Court A supreme court is the highest court A court is any person or institution, often as a government institution, with the authority to Adjudication, adjudicate legal disputes between Party (law), parties and carry out the administration of just ...

Supreme Court
, which found the amendment of Dartmouth's charter to be an illegal impairment of a contract by the state and reversed New Hampshire's takeover of the college. Webster concluded his
peroration Dispositio is the system used for the organization of arguments in Western classical rhetoric Rhetoric () is the Art (skill), art of persuasion, which along with grammar and logic (or dialectic – see Martianus Capella), is one of ...
with the famous words: "It is, Sir, as I have said, a small college. And yet there are those who love it." Dartmouth taught its first
African-American African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people A people is any plurality of person A person (plural people or persons) is a being t ...
students in 1775 and 1808. By the end of the
Civil War A civil war, also known as an intrastate war in polemology, is a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine publis ...
, 20 black men had attended the college or its medical school. and Dartmouth "was recognized in the African-American community as a place where a man of color could go to get educated". One of them, Jonathan C. Gibbs, served as Secretary of State and Superintendent of Public Instruction for the state of
Florida Florida is a U.S. state, state located in the Southeastern United States, Southeastern region of the United States. Florida is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the northwest by Alabama, to the north by Georgia (U.S. state), Geor ...

Florida
. In 1866, the
New Hampshire College of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts New Hampshire College of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts (NHC) was founded and incorporated in 1866, as a land grant college in Hanover, New Hampshire, Hanover in connection with Dartmouth College. In 1893, NHC moved to Durham, New Hampshire, Dur ...
was incorporated in Hanover, in connection with Dartmouth College. The institution was officially associated with Dartmouth and was directed by Dartmouth's president. The new college was moved to
Durham, New Hampshire Durham is a New England town, town in Strafford County, New Hampshire, Strafford County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 14,638 at the 2010 census.United States Census BureauU.S. Census website 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March ...
, in 1891, and later became known as the
University of New Hampshire The University of New Hampshire (UNH) is a Public university, public Land-grant university, land-grant research university with its main campus in Durham, New Hampshire. It was founded and incorporated in 1866 as a land grant college in Hanover ...
. Dartmouth emerged onto the national academic stage at the turn of the 20th century. Prior to this period, the college had clung to traditional methods of instruction and was relatively poorly funded. Under President
William Jewett Tucker The Rev. William Jewett Tucker (July 13, 1839 – September 29, 1926) served as the 9th President of Dartmouth College in New Hampshire, United States, from 1893 to 1909. Dartmouth presidency The ''New York City American'', in a September 30, 19 ...
(1893–1909), Dartmouth underwent a major revitalization of facilities, faculty, and the student body, following large endowments such as the $10,000 given by Dartmouth alumnus and law professor John Ordronaux. 20 new structures replaced antiquated buildings, while the student body and faculty both expanded threefold. Tucker is often credited for having "refounded Dartmouth" and bringing it into national prestige. Presidents
Ernest Fox Nichols Ernest Fox Nichols (June 1, 1869 – April 29, 1924) was an United States of America, American educator and physicist. He served as the 10th List of Dartmouth College faculty#Wheelock Succession of Dartmouth Presidents, President of Dartmouth C ...

Ernest Fox Nichols
(1909–16) and
Ernest Martin Hopkins Ernest Martin Hopkins (November 6, 1877 – August 13, 1964) served as the 11th President of Dartmouth College from 1916 to 1945. Dartmouth Presidency At the dedication of the Hopkins Center for the Arts in 1962, the speaker, then-Governor of ...

Ernest Martin Hopkins
(1916–45) continued Tucker's trend of modernization, further improving campus facilities and introducing selective admissions in the 1920s. In 1945, Hopkins was subject to no small amount of controversy, as he openly admitted to Dartmouth's practice of using
racial quota Racial quotas in employment and education are numerical requirements for hiring, promoting, admitting and/or graduating members of a particular Race (classification of human beings), racial group. Racial quotas are often established as means of dim ...
s to deny Jews entry into the university. John Sloan Dickey, serving as president from 1945 until 1970, strongly emphasized the liberal arts, particularly
public policy Public policy is an institutionalized proposal to solve relevant and real-world problems, guided by a conception and implemented by programs as a course of action created and/or enacted, typically by a government A government is th ...
and
international relations International relations (IR), international affairs (IA) or international studies (IS) is the scientific study of interactions between sovereign states. In a broader sense, it concerns all activities between states—such as war, diplomacy ...
. During
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
, Dartmouth was one of 131 colleges and universities nationally that took part in the
V-12 Navy College Training Program The V-12 Navy College Training Program was designed to supplement the force of commissioned officers in the United States Navy during World War II. Between July 1, 1943, and June 30, 1946, more than 125,000 participants were enrolled in 131 college ...
which offered students a path to a navy commission. In 1970, longtime professor of
mathematics Mathematics (from Greek: ) includes the study of such topics as numbers (arithmetic and number theory), formulas and related structures (algebra), shapes and spaces in which they are contained (geometry), and quantities and their changes (cal ...
and
computer science Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information, algorithms and the architectures of its computation as well as practical techniques for their application. Computer science is the study of computation, automation, a ...
John George Kemeny John George Kemeny (born Kemény János György; May 31, 1926 – December 26, 1992) was a Hungarian-born American mathematician A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics Mathematics (from Ancient Greek, Gr ...
became president of Dartmouth. Kemeny oversaw several major changes at the college. Dartmouth, which had been a men's institution, began admitting women as full-time students and undergraduate degree candidates in 1972 amid much controversy. At about the same time, the college adopted its " Dartmouth Plan" of academic scheduling, permitting the student body to increase in size within the existing facilities. In 1988, Dartmouth's alma mater song's lyrics changed from "Men of Dartmouth" to "Dear old Dartmouth". During the 1990s, the college saw a major academic overhaul under President James O. Freedman and a controversial (and ultimately unsuccessful) 1999 initiative to encourage the school's single-sex Greek houses to go coed. The first decade of the 21st century saw the commencement of the $1.5 billion Campaign for the Dartmouth Experience, the largest capital fundraising campaign in the college's history, which surpassed $1 billion in 2008. The mid- and late first decade of the 21st century have also seen extensive campus construction, with the erection of two new housing complexes, full renovation of two dormitories, and a forthcoming dining hall, life sciences center, and visual arts center. In 2004,
Booz Allen Hamilton Booz Allen Hamilton Holding Corporation (informally Booz Allen) is the parent of Booz Allen Hamilton Inc., an American management and information technology consulting firm, headquartered in McLean, Virginia, in Greater Washington, D.C., with ...
selected Dartmouth College as a model of institutional endurance "whose record of endurance has had implications and benefits for all American organizations, both academic and commercial", citing ''Dartmouth College v. Woodward'' and Dartmouth's successful self-reinvention in the late 19th century. Since the election of a number of petition-nominated trustees to the
Board of Trustees A board of directors is a group of people who jointly supervise the activities of an organization, which can be either a for-profit or a nonprofit organization such as a business, nonprofit organization, or a government agency. The powers, du ...
starting in 2004, the role of alumni in Dartmouth governance has been the subject of ongoing conflict. President
James WrightJames or Jim Wright may refer to: Sportspeople *Jim Wright (1920s pitcher) (1900–1963), Major League Baseball pitcher *Jim Wright (1970s pitcher) (born 1950), Major League Baseball pitcher *Jim Wright (1980s pitcher) (born 1955), Major League Bas ...
announced his retirement in February 2008 and was replaced by Harvard University professor and physician Jim Yong Kim on July 1, 2009. In May 2010 Dartmouth joined the
Matariki Network of Universities The Matariki Network of Universities (MNU) is an international group of universities that focuses on strong links between research and undergraduate teaching. Each member is leading international best practice in research and education based on long ...
(MNU) together with
Durham University , mottoeng = Her foundations are upon the holy hills ( Psalm 87:1) , established = (university status) , type = Public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an in ...

Durham University
(UK), Queen's University (Canada),
University of Otago The University of Otago ( mi, Te Whare Wānanga o Otāgo) is a public university based in Dunedin, Otago, New Zealand. It scores highly for average research quality, and in 2006 was second in New Zealand only to the University of Auckland in the n ...

University of Otago
(New Zealand),
University of Tübingen The University of Tübingen, officially the Eberhard Karl University of Tübingen (german: Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen; la, Universitas Eberhardina Carolina), is a public university, public research university located in the city of Tüb ...
(Germany),
University of Western Australia The University of Western Australia (UWA) is a public research university in the Australian state of Western Australia. The university's main campus is in Perth, the state capital, with a secondary campus in Albany, Western Australia, Albany an ...

University of Western Australia
(Australia) and
Uppsala University Uppsala University ( sv, Uppsala universitet) is a public university, public research university in Uppsala, Sweden. Founded in 1477, it is the List of universities in Sweden, oldest university in Sweden and the Nordic countries still in opera ...
(Sweden). In early August 2019, Dartmouth College agreed to pay nine current and former students a total of $14 million to settle a
class-action lawsuit A class action, also known as a class-action lawsuit, class suit, or representative action, is a type of lawsuit where one of the parties is a group of people who are represented collectively by a member or members of that group. The class action o ...
alleging they were sexually harassed by three former
neuroscience Neuroscience is the scientific study of the nervous system In biology, the classical doctrine of the nervous system determines that it is a Complex system, highly complex part of an animal that coordinates its Behavior, actions and Sens ...

neuroscience
professors. In 2019, Dartmouth College was elected to the
Association of American Universities The Association of American Universities (AAU) is an organization of American research universities A research university is a university that is committed to research as a central part of its mission. They can be public education, public or pr ...
(AAU).


Academics

Dartmouth, a
liberal arts Liberal arts education (from Latin "free" and "art or principled practice") is the traditional academic program in Western higher education. ''Liberal arts'' takes the term ''Art (skill), art'' in the sense of a learned skill rather than spec ...
institution, offers a four-year
Bachelor of Arts Bachelor of Arts (BA or AB; from the Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to ...
and ABET-accredited
Bachelor of Engineering A Bachelor of Engineering (abbreviated as B.E., B.Eng. or B.A.I. in Latin form) is a first professional undergraduate Undergraduate education ieducationconducted after secondary education and prior to postgraduate education. It typically inclu ...
degree to undergraduate students. The college has 39 academic departments offering 56 major programs, while students are free to design special majors or engage in dual majors. For the graduating class of 2017, the most popular majors were economics, government, computer science, engineering sciences, and history. The Government Department, whose prominent professors include Stephen Brooks, Richard Ned Lebow, and William Wohlforth, was ranked the top solely undergraduate political science program in the world by researchers at the London School of Economics in 2003. The Economics Department, whose prominent professors include David Blanchflower and Andrew Samwick, also holds the distinction as the top-ranked bachelor's-only economics program in the world. In order to graduate, a student must complete 35 total courses, eight to ten of which are typically part of a chosen major program. Other requirements for graduation include the completion of ten "distributive requirements" in a variety of academic fields, proficiency in a foreign language, and completion of a writing class and first-year seminar in writing. Many departments offer honors programs requiring students seeking that distinction to engage in "independent, sustained work", culminating in the production of a thesis. In addition to the courses offered in Hanover, Dartmouth offers 57 different off-campus programs, including Foreign Study Programs, Language Study Abroad programs, and Exchange Programs. Through the Graduate Studies program, Dartmouth grants doctorate and master's degrees in 19 Arts & Sciences graduate programs. Although the first graduate degree, a PhD in classics, was awarded in 1885, many of the current PhD programs have only existed since the 1960s. Furthermore, Dartmouth is home to three professional schools: the
Geisel School of Medicine The Geisel School of Medicine is the medical school of Dartmouth College, an Ivy League research university located in Hanover, New Hampshire, United States. The fourth-oldest medical school in the United States, it was founded in 1797 by New ...
(established 1797),
Thayer School of Engineering Thayer School of Engineering offers graduate and undergraduate education in engineering sciences at Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, United States. The school was established in 1867 with funds from Brig. Gen. Sylvanus Thayer, known for ...
(1867)—which also serves as the undergraduate department of engineering sciences—and
Tuck School of Business The Tuck School of Business (also known as Tuck, and formally known as the Amos Tuck School of Administration and Finance) is the graduate business school A business school is a university-level institution that confers degrees in business admini ...
(1900). With these professional schools and graduate programs, conventional American usage would accord Dartmouth the label of "Dartmouth University"; however, because of historical and nostalgic reasons (such as ''Dartmouth College v. Woodward''), the school uses the name "Dartmouth College" to refer to the entire institution. Dartmouth employs a total of 607 tenured or tenure-track faculty members, including the highest proportion of female tenured professors among the Ivy League universities. Faculty members have been at the forefront of such major academic developments as the Dartmouth Workshop, the Dartmouth Time Sharing System, Dartmouth BASIC, and Dartmouth ALGOL 30. In 2005, sponsored project awards to Dartmouth faculty research amounted to $169 million. Dartmouth serves as the host institution of the University Press of New England, a university press founded in 1970 that is supported by a consortium of schools that also includes Brandeis University, the University of New Hampshire, Northeastern University, Tufts University and the University of Vermont.


Rankings

Dartmouth was ranked tied for 13th among undergraduate programs at national universities by ''
U.S. News & World Report ''U.S. News & World Report'' is an American media company that publishes news, opinion, consumer advice, rankings, and analysis. Founded as a news magazine in 1933, ''U.S. News'' transitioned to primarily web-based publishing in 2010, although it ...
'' in its 2021 rankings. ''U.S. News'' also ranked the school 2nd best for veterans, tied for 5th best in undergraduate teaching, and 9th for "best value" at national universities in 2020. Dartmouth's undergraduate teaching was previously ranked 1st by ''U.S. News'' for five years in a row (2009–2013). Dartmouth College is Higher education accreditation in the United States, accredited by the New England Commission of Higher Education. In ''Forbes'' 2019 rankings of 650 universities, liberal arts colleges and service academies, Dartmouth ranked 10th overall and 10th in research universities. In the ''Forbes'' 2018 "grateful graduate" rankings, Dartmouth came in first for the second year in a row. The 2021 Academic Ranking of World Universities ranked Dartmouth among the 90–110th best universities in the nation. However, this specific ranking has drawn criticism from scholars for not adequately adjusting for the size of an institution, which leads to larger institutions ranking above smaller ones like Dartmouth. Dartmouth's small size and its undergraduate focus also disadvantage its ranking in other international rankings because ranking formulas favor institutions with a large number of graduate students. The 2006 Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, Carnegie Foundation classification listed Dartmouth as the only "majority-undergraduate", "arts-and-sciences focus[ed]", "research university" in the country that also had "some graduate coexistence" and "very high research activity".


Admissions

Undergraduate admission to Dartmouth College is characterized by the Carnegie Foundation and ''U.S. News & World Report'' as "most selective". The ''Princeton Review'', in its 2018 edition, gave the university an admissions selectivity rating of 98 out of 99. For the freshman class entering Fall 2020, Dartmouth received 21,394 applications of which 1,881 were accepted for an 8.8% admissions rate. Of those admitted students who reported class rank, 96% ranked in the top decile of their class. The admitted students' academic profile showed an all-time high SAT average score of 1501, while the average composite ACT score remained at 33. Additionally, for the 2016–2017 academic year, Dartmouth received 685 transfer applications of which 5.1% were accepted, with an average SAT composite score of 1490, average composite ACT score of 34, and average college GPA of about 3.85. Dartmouth meets 100% of students' demonstrated financial need in order to attend the College, and currently admits all students, with the exception of internationals, on a Need-blind admission, need-blind basis.


Financial aid

Dartmouth guarantees to meet 100% of the demonstrated need of every admitted student who applies for financial aid at the time of admission. Dartmouth practices need-blind admissions for all applicants who are U.S. citizens, permanent residents, and undocumented students in the U.S. These applicants are admitted to the college without regard to their financial circumstances. For international students, financial need is taken into consideration as one of many factors at the time of admission. At Dartmouth, free tuition is provided for students from families with total incomes of $125,000 or less and possessing typical assets. In 2015, $88.8 million in need-based scholarships were awarded to Dartmouth students. The median family income of Dartmouth students is $200,400, with 58% of students coming from the top 10% highest-earning families and 14% from the bottom 60%.


The Dartmouth Plan

Dartmouth functions on a quarter system, operating year-round on four ten-week academic terms. The Dartmouth Plan (or simply "D-Plan") is an academic scheduling system that permits the customization of each student's academic year. All undergraduates are required to be in residence for the fall, winter, and spring terms of their freshman and senior years, as well as the summer term of their sophomore year. However, students may petition to alter this plan so that they may be off during their freshman, senior, or sophomore summer terms. During all terms, students are permitted to choose between studying on-campus, studying at an off-campus program, or taking a term off for vacation, outside internships, or research projects. The typical course load is three classes per term, and students will generally enroll in classes for 12 total terms over the course of their academic career. The D-Plan was instituted in the early 1970s at the same time that Dartmouth began accepting female undergraduates. It was initially devised as a plan to increase the enrollment without enlarging campus accommodations, and has been described as "a way to put 4,000 students into 3,000 beds". Although new dormitories have been built since, the number of students has also increased and the D-Plan remains in effect. It was modified in the 1980s in an attempt to reduce the problems of lack of social and academic continuity.


Board of Trustees

Dartmouth is governed by a Board of Trustees comprising the college president (''ex officio''), the governor of New Hampshire, state governor (''ex officio''), 13 trustees nominated and elected by the board (called "charter trustees"), and eight trustees nominated by alumni and elected by the board ("alumni trustees"). The nominees for alumni trustee are determined by a poll of the members of the Association of Alumni of Dartmouth College, selecting from among names put forward by the Alumni Council or by alumni petition. Although the board elected its members from the two sources of nominees in equal proportions between 1891 and 2007, the board decided in 2007 to add several new members, all charter trustees. In the controversy that followed the decision, the Association of Alumni filed a lawsuit, although it later withdrew the action. In 2008, the Board added five new charter trustees.


Campus

Dartmouth College is situated in the rural town of
Hanover, New Hampshire Hanover is a New England town, town located along the Connecticut River in Grafton County, New Hampshire, Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States. As of the 2020 United States Census, 2020 census, its population was 11,870. The town is home t ...
, located in the Upper Valley along the
Connecticut River The Connecticut River is the longest river in the region of the United States, flowing roughly southward for through four states. It rises at the U.S. border with , , and discharges at . Its watershed encompasses , covering parts of five U.S. s ...

Connecticut River
in
New England New England is a region comprising six states in the Northeastern United States The Northeastern United States (also referred to as the American Northeast, the Northeast, and the East Coast) is a geographical region In geography ...

New England
. Its campus is centered on a "The Green (Dartmouth College), Green", a former field of pine, pine trees cleared in 1771. Dartmouth is the largest private landowner of the town of Hanover, and its total landholdings and facilities are worth an estimated $434 million. In addition to its campus in Hanover, Dartmouth owns of Mount Moosilauke in the White Mountains (New Hampshire), White Mountains and a tract of land in northern New Hampshire known as the Second College Grant, New Hampshire, Second College Grant. Dartmouth's campus buildings vary in age from Wentworth and Thornton Halls of the 1820s (the oldest surviving buildings constructed by the college) to new dormitories and mathematics facilities completed in 2006. Most of Dartmouth's buildings are designed in the Georgian architecture#Colonial Georgian architecture, Georgian colonial architecture style, a theme which has been preserved in recent architectural additions. The College has actively sought to reduce carbon emissions and energy usage on campus, earning it the grade of A- from the Sustainable Endowments Institute on its College Sustainability Report Card 2008. A notable feature of the Dartmouth campus is its many trees which (despite Dutch elm disease) include some 200 Ulmus americana, American elms. The campus also has the largest Kentucky coffeetree in New Hampshire, at 91 ft tall.


Academic facilities

The college's creative and performing arts facility is the
Hopkins Center for the Arts Hopkins Center for the Arts at Dartmouth College is located at 2 East Wheelock Street in Hanover, New Hampshire. The center, which was designed by Wallace Harrison and foreshadows his later design of Manhattan's Lincoln Center, is the college's cul ...
("the Hop"). Opened in 1962, the Hop houses the College's drama, music, film, and studio arts departments, as well as a woodshop, pottery studio, and jewelry studio which are open for use by students and faculty. The building was designed by the famed architect Wallace Harrison, who would later design the similar-looking façade of Manhattan's Metropolitan Opera, Metropolitan Opera House at Lincoln Center. Its facilities include two theaters and one 900-seat auditorium. The Hop is also the location of all student mailboxes ("Hinman boxes") and the Courtyard Café dining facility. The Hop is connected to the Hood Museum of Art, arguably North America's oldest museum in continuous operation, and the Loew Auditorium, where films are screened. In addition to its 19 graduate programs in the arts and sciences, Dartmouth is home to three separate graduate schools. The
Geisel School of Medicine The Geisel School of Medicine is the medical school of Dartmouth College, an Ivy League research university located in Hanover, New Hampshire, United States. The fourth-oldest medical school in the United States, it was founded in 1797 by New ...
is located in a complex on the north side of campus and includes laboratories, classrooms, offices, and a biomedical library. The Dartmouth–Hitchcock Medical Center, located several miles to the south in Lebanon, New Hampshire, contains a 396-bed teaching hospital for the Medical School. The
Thayer School of Engineering Thayer School of Engineering offers graduate and undergraduate education in engineering sciences at Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, United States. The school was established in 1867 with funds from Brig. Gen. Sylvanus Thayer, known for ...
and the
Tuck School of Business The Tuck School of Business (also known as Tuck, and formally known as the Amos Tuck School of Administration and Finance) is the graduate business school A business school is a university-level institution that confers degrees in business admini ...
are both located at the end of Tuck Mall, west of the center of campus and near the Connecticut River. The Thayer School comprises two buildings; Tuck has seven academic and administrative buildings, as well as several common areas. The two graduate schools share a library, the Feldberg Business & Engineering Library. In December 2018, Dartmouth began a major expansion of the west end by breaking ground on the $200 million Center for Engineering and Computer Science. The Center will house the Computer Science department and Magnuson Center for Entrepreneurship. In October 2019, construction began on the Irving Institute of Energy and Society. Both are scheduled to be completed by fall 2021. Dartmouth's nine libraries are all part of the collective Dartmouth College Library, which comprises 2.48 million volumes and 6 million total resources, including videos, maps, sound recordings, and photographs. Its specialized libraries include the Biomedical Libraries, Evans Map Room, Feldberg Business & Engineering Library, Jones Media Center, Kresge Physical Sciences Library, Paddock Music Library, Rauner Special Collections Library, and Sherman Art Library. Baker-Berry Library is the main library at Dartmouth, consisting of a merger of the Baker Memorial Library (opened 1928) and the Berry Library (completed 2002). Located on the northern side of the Green, Baker's tower is an iconic symbol of the College.


Athletic facilities

Dartmouth's original sports field was The Green (Dartmouth College), the Green, where students played cricket and old division football during the 19th century. Today, two of Dartmouth's athletic facilities are located in the southeast corner of campus. The center of athletic life is the Alumni Gymnasium (Dartmouth College), Alumni Gymnasium, which includes the Karl Michael Competition Pool and the Spaulding Pool, a state of the art fitness center, a weight room, and a 1/13th-mile (123 m) indoor track. Attached to Alumni Gymnasium is the Berry Sports Center, which contains basketball and volleyball courts (Leede Arena), as well as the Kresge Fitness Center. Behind the Alumni Gymnasium is Memorial Field (Dartmouth), Memorial Field, a 15,600-seat stadium overlooking Dartmouth's football field and track. The nearby Thompson Arena, designed by Italian engineer Pier Luigi Nervi and constructed in 1975, houses Dartmouth's ice rink. Also visible from Memorial Field is the Nathaniel Leverone Fieldhouse, home to the indoor track. The new softball field, Dartmouth Softball Park, was constructed in 2012, sharing parking facilities with Thompson arena and replacing Sachem Field, located over a mile from campus, as the primary softball facility. Dartmouth's other athletic facilities in Hanover include the Friends of Dartmouth Rowing Boathouse and the old rowing house storage facility (both located along the Connecticut River), the Hanover Country Club, Dartmouth's oldest remaining athletic facility (established in 1899), and the Corey Ford Rugby Clubhouse. The college also maintains the Dartmouth Skiway, a skiing facility located over two mountains near the Hanover campus in Lyme Center, New Hampshire, that serves as the winter practice grounds for the Dartmouth ski team, which is a perennial contender for the NCAA Division I championship. Dartmouth's close association and involvement in the development of the downhill skiing industry is featured in the 2010 book ''Passion for Skiing'' as well as the 2013 documentary based on the book ''Passion for Snow''.


Residential housing and student life facilities

Beginning in the fall term of 2016, Dartmouth placed all undergraduate students in one of six House communities, similar to residential colleges, including Allen House, East Wheelock House, North Park House, School House, South House, and West House, alongside independent Living Learning Communities. Dartmouth used to have nine residential communities located throughout campus, instead of ungrouped dormitories or residential colleges. The dormitories varied in design from modern to traditional Georgian styles, and room arrangements range from singles to quads and apartment suites. Since 2006, the college has guaranteed housing for students during their freshman and sophomore years. More than 3,000 students elect to live in housing provided by college. Campus meals are served by Dartmouth Dining Services, which operates 11 dining establishments around campus. Four of them are located at the center of campus in the Class of 1953 Commons, formerly Thayer Dining Hall. The Collis Center is the center of student life and programming, serving as what would be generically termed the "student union" or "campus center". It contains a café, study space, common areas, and a number of administrative departments, including the Academic Skills Centre. Robinson Hall, next door to both Collis and Thayer, contains the offices of a number of student organizations including the Dartmouth Outing Club and ''The Dartmouth'' daily newspaper.


Residential House communities of Dartmouth College

File:Dartmouth College campus 2007-06-23 Lord Hall.JPG, Lord Hall, Allen House File:Dartmouth College campus 2007-06-23 Morton Hall 01.JPG, Morton Hall, East Wheelock House File:Dartmouth College campus 2007-06-23 Woodward Hall 02.JPG, Woodward Hall, North Park House File:Dartmouth College campus 2007-06-23 Mid Massachusetts Hall 02.JPG, Mid Massachusetts Hall, School House File:Dartmouth College campus 2007-06-23 Topliff Hall 03.JPG, Topliff Hall, South House File:Dartmouth College campus 2007-10-21 03 - Russell Sage Hall.JPG, Russell Sage Hall, West House


Student life

In 2006, ''The Princeton Review'' ranked Dartmouth third in its "Quality of Life" category, and sixth for having the "Happiest Students". Athletics and participation in the Greek system are the most popular campus activities. In all, Dartmouth offers more than 350 organizations, teams, and sports. The school is also home to a variety of longstanding traditions and celebrations and has a loyal alumni network; Dartmouth ranked #2 in "The Princeton Review" in 2006 for Best Alumni Network.


Student safety

In 2014, Dartmouth College was the third highest in the nation in "total of reports of rape" on their main campus, with 42 reports of rape. The ''Washington Post'' attributed the high number of rape reports to the fact that a growing number of sexual assault victims feel comfortable enough to report sexual assaults that would have gone unreported in previous years. In 2015, the Huffington Post reported that Dartmouth College had the highest rate of bystander intervention of any college surveyed, with 57.7% of Dartmouth students reporting that they would take some sort of action if they saw someone acting in a "sexually violent or harassing manner", compared to 45.5% of students nationally. Dartmouth fraternities have an extensive history of hazing and alcohol abuse, leading to police raids and accusations of sexual harassment.Janet Reitman
"Confessions of an Ivy League Frat Boy: Inside Dartmouth's Hazing Abuses"
''Rolling Stone'', April 12, 2012
Richard Perez-Pena

''New York Times'', October 2, 2013


Student groups

Dartmouth's more than 200 student organizations and clubs cover a wide range of interests. In 2007, the college hosted eight academic groups, 17 cultural groups, two honor societies, 30 "issue-oriented" groups, 25 performing groups, 12 pre-professional groups, 20 publications, and 11 recreational groups. Notable student groups include the nation's largest and oldest collegiate outdoors club, the Dartmouth Outing Club, which includes the nationally recognized The Big Green Bus, Big Green Bus; the campus's oldest a cappella group, The Dartmouth Aires; the controversial conservative newspaper ''The Dartmouth Review''; and ''The Dartmouth'', arguably the nation's oldest university newspaper. ''The Dartmouth'' describes itself as "America's Oldest College Newspaper, Founded 1799". Partially because of Dartmouth's rural, isolated location, the fraternities and sororities in North America, Greek system dating from the 1840s is one of the most popular social outlets for students. Dartmouth is home to 32 recognized Greek houses: 17 fraternities, 12 sororities, and three coeducational organizations. In 2007, roughly 70% of eligible students belonged to a Greek organization; since 1987, students have not been permitted to join Greek organizations until their sophomore year. Dartmouth College was among the first institutions of higher education to desegregate fraternity houses in the 1950s, and was involved in the movement to create coeducational Greek houses in the 1970s. In the early first decade of the 21st century, campus-wide debate focused on a Board of Trustees recommendation that Greek organizations become "substantially coeducational"; this attempt to change the Greek system eventually failed. Dartmouth also has a number of secret societies, which are student- and alumni-led organizations often focused on preserving the history of the college and initiating service projects. Most prominent among them is the Sphinx (senior society), Sphinx society, housed in a prominent Egyptian tomb-like building near the center of campus. The Sphinx has been the subject of numerous rumors as to its facilities, practices, and membership. The college has an additional classification of social/residential organizations known as Dartmouth College student groups#Undergraduate societies, undergraduate societies.


Athletics

Approximately 20% of students participate in a varsity sport, and nearly 80% participate in some form of club, varsity, intramural, or other athletics. In 2021, Dartmouth College fielded 33 intercollegiate varsity teams: 15 for men, 17 for women, and coeducational sailing and equestrian programs. Dartmouth's athletic teams compete in the
NCAA Division I NCAA Division I (D-I) is the highest level of intercollegiate athletics College athletics encompasses non-professional A professional is a member of a profession or any person who earns their living from a specified professional activity. Th ...
eight-member
Ivy League The Ivy League (also known as The Ancient Eight) is an American collegiate athletic conference An athletic conference is a collection of sports team A sports team is a group of individuals who play sport Sport pertains to any form ...
conference; some teams also participate in the Eastern College Athletic Conference (ECAC). As is mandatory for the members of the Ivy League, Dartmouth College does not offer athletic scholarships. In addition to the traditional American team sports (football, basketball, baseball, and ice hockey), Dartmouth competes at the varsity level in many other sports including track and field, softball, squash, sailing, tennis, rowing, soccer, skiing, and lacrosse. The college also offers 26 club and intramural sports such as fencing, rugby, water polo, figure skating, boxing, volleyball, ultimate frisbee, and cricket, leading to a 75% participation rate in athletics among the undergraduate student body. The Dartmouth Fencing Team, despite being entirely self-coached, won the USACFC club national championship in 2014. The Dartmouth Men's Rugby Team, founded in 1951, has been ranked among the best collegiate teams in that sport, winning for example the Ivy Rugby Conference every year between 2008 and 2020. The figure skating team won the national championship five straight times from 2004 through 2008. In addition to the academic requirements for graduation, Dartmouth requires every undergraduate to complete a swim and three terms of physical education.


Native Americans at Dartmouth

The charter of Dartmouth College, granted to Wheelock in 1769, proclaims that the institution was created "for the education and instruction of Youth of the Native Americans in the United States, Indian Tribes in this Land in reading, writing and all parts of Learning ... as well as in all liberal Arts and Sciences; and also of English Youth and any others". However, Wheelock primarily intended the college to educate white youth, and the few Native students that attended Dartmouth experienced much difficulty in an institution ostensibly dedicated to their education. The funds for the Charity School for Native Americans that preceded Dartmouth College were raised primarily by the efforts of a Mohegan named Samson Occom, and at least some of those funds were used to help found the college. The college graduated only 19 Native Americans during its first 200 years. In 1970, the college established Native American academic and social programs as part of a "new dedication to increasing Native American enrollment". Since then, Dartmouth has graduated over 700 Native American students from over 200 different tribes, more than the other seven Ivy League universities combined.


Traditions

Dartmouth is well known for its fierce school spirit and many traditions. The college functions on a Academic term, quarter system, and one weekend each term is set aside as a traditional celebratory event, known on campus as "big weekends" or "party weekends". In the fall term, Homecoming (officially called Dartmouth Night) is marked by a bonfire on the Green constructed by the freshman class. Winter term is celebrated by Winter Carnival, a tradition started in 1911 by the Dartmouth Outing Club to promote winter sports. This tradition is the oldest in the United States, and subsequently went on to catch on at other New England colleges. In the spring, Green Key is a weekend mostly devoted to campus parties and celebration. The summer term was formerly marked by Tubestock, an unofficial tradition in which the students used wooden rafts and inner tubes to float on the Connecticut River. Begun in 1986, Tubestock was ended in 2006 by town ordinance. The Class of 2008, during their summer term on campus in 2006, replaced the defunct Tubestock with Fieldstock. This new celebration includes a barbecue, live music, and the revival of the 1970s and 1980s tradition of racing homemade chariots around the Green. Unlike Tubestock, Fieldstock is funded and supported by the College. Another longstanding tradition is four-day, student-run Dartmouth Outing Club trips for incoming freshmen, begun in 1935. Each trip concludes at the Moosilauke Ravine Lodge. In 2011, over 96% of freshmen elected to participate.


Insignia and other representations


Motto and song

Dartmouth's motto, chosen by Eleazar Wheelock, is ''Vox clamantis in deserto''. The Latin motto is literally translated as "The voice of one crying in the wilderness", but is more often rendered as "A voice crying out in the wilderness". The phrase appears five times in the Bible and is a reference to the college's location on what was once the frontier of European settlement. Richard Hovey's "Alma Mater (Dartmouth College), Men of Dartmouth" was elected as the best of Dartmouth's songs in 1896, and became the school's official song in 1926. The song was retitled to "Alma Mater" in the 1980s when its lyrics were changed to refer to women as well as men.


Seal

Dartmouth's 1769 royal charter required the creation of a seal (emblem), seal for use on official documents and diplomas. The college's founder, Eleazar Wheelock, designed a seal for his college bearing a striking resemblance to the seal of the USPG, Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, a missionary society founded in London in 1701, in order to maintain the illusion that his college was more for mission work than for higher education. Engraved by a Boston silversmith, the seal was ready by commencement of 1773. The trustees officially accepted the seal on August 25, 1773, describing it as: On October 28, 1926, the trustees affirmed the charter's reservation of the seal for official corporate documents alone. The College Publications Committee commissioned noted typographer William Addison Dwiggins to create a line drawing version of the seal in 1940 that saw widespread use. Dwiggins' design was modified during 1957 to change the date from "1770" to "1769", to accord with the date of the college charter. The trustees commissioned a new set of dies with a date of "1769" to replace the old dies, now badly worn after almost two hundred years of use. The 1957 design continues to be used under trademark number 2305032.


Shield

On October 28, 1926, the trustees approved a "Dartmouth College Shield" for general use. Artist and engraver W. Parke Johnson designed this emblem on the basis of the shield that is depicted at the center of the original seal. This design does not survive. On June 9, 1944, the trustees approved another coat of arms based on the shield part of the seal, this one by Canadian artist and designer Thoreau MacDonald. That design was used widely and, like Dwiggins' seal, had its date changed from "1770" to "1769" around 1958. That version continues to be used under trademark registration number 3112676 and others. College designer John Scotford made a stylized version of the shield during the 1960s, but it did not see the success of MacDonald's design. The shield appears to have been used as the basis of the shield of Dartmouth Medical School, and it has been reproduced in sizes as small as 20 micrometers across. The design has appeared on Rudolph Ruzicka's Bicentennial Medal (Philadelphia Mint, 1969) and elsewhere.


Nickname, symbol, and mascot

Dartmouth has never had an official mascot. The nickname "The Big Green", originating in the 1860s, is based on students' adoption of a shade of forest green ("Dartmouth Green") as the school's official color in 1866. Beginning in the 1920s, the Dartmouth College athletic teams were known by their unofficial nickname "the Indians", a moniker that probably originated among sports journalists. This unofficial mascot and team name was used until the early 1970s, when its use came under criticism. In 1974, the Trustees declared the "use of the [Indian] symbol in any form to be inconsistent with present institutional and academic objectives of the College in advancing Native American education". Some alumni and students, as well as the conservative student newspaper, ''The Dartmouth Review'', have sought to return the Indian symbol to prominence, but never succeeded in doing so. Various student initiatives have been undertaken to adopt a mascot, but none has become "official". One proposal devised by the college humor magazine the ''Dartmouth Jack-O-Lantern'' was Keggy the Keg, an anthropomorphism, anthropomorphic beer keg who makes occasional appearances at college sporting events. Despite student enthusiasm for Keggy, the mascot has received approval from only the student government. In November 2006, student government attempted to revive the "Dartmoose" as a potential replacement amid renewed controversy surrounding the former unofficial Indian mascot.


Alumni

Dartmouth's alumni are known for their devotion to the college. Most start by giving to the Senior Class Gift. According to a 2008 article in ''The Wall Street Journal'' based on data from payscale.com, Dartmouth graduates also earn higher median salaries at least 10 years after graduation than alumni of any other American university surveyed. By 2008, Dartmouth had graduated 238 classes of students, and had over 60,000 living alumni in a variety of fields. Finance, consulting, and technology have consistently been the most popular industries to enter for students. Top employers of new graduates include Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley, McKinsey & Company, Bain & Company, Amazon (company), Amazon, Microsoft, Google, and Teach For America, Teach for America. The most common graduate and professional schools for Dartmouth undergraduates include other members of the Ivy League, Ivy Plus, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Icahn School of Medicine, NYU, University of Oxford, Oxford, and University of Cambridge, Cambridge. Nelson Rockefeller, Nelson A. Rockefeller, 41st Vice President of the United States and 49th Governor of New York, graduated cum laude from Dartmouth with a degree in economics in 1930. Over 164 Dartmouth graduates have served in the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives, such as Massachusetts statesman
Daniel Webster Daniel Webster (January 18, 1782 – October 24, 1852) was an American lawyer and statesman who represented New Hampshire and Massachusetts in the United States Congress, U.S. Congress and served as the United States Secretary of State, U.S. Se ...

Daniel Webster
. Cabinet members of American presidents include Attorney General Amos T. Akerman, Secretary of Defense James V. Forrestal, Secretary of Labor Robert Reich, Secretary of the Treasury Henry Paulson, and Secretary of the Treasury Timothy Geithner. C. Everett Koop was the Surgeon General of the United States under President Ronald Reagan. Two Dartmouth alumni have served as justices on the Supreme Court of the United States: Salmon P. Chase and Levi Woodbury. Eugene Norman Veasey (class of 1954) served as the Chief Justice of Delaware. The 46th List of Governors of Pennsylvania, Governor of Pennsylvania, Tom Wolf; the 42nd List of Governors of Illinois, Governor of Illinois, businessman Bruce Rauner; and the 31st governor and current senator from North Dakota, John Hoeven (R), are also Dartmouth alumni. Ernesto de la Guardia, class of 1925, was president of the Republic of Panama. In literature and journalism, Dartmouth has produced 13
Pulitzer Prize#REDIRECT Pulitzer Prize The Pulitzer Prize () is an award for achievements in newspaper, magazine and online journalism, literature and musical composition within the United States. It was established in 1917 by provisions in the will of Joseph ...
winners: Thomas M. Burton, Richard Eberhart, Dan Fagin, Paul Gigot, Frank Gilroy, Jake Hooker (journalist), Jake Hooker, Nigel Jaquiss, Joseph Rago, Martin J. Sherwin, David K. Shipler, David Shribman, Justin Harvey Smith and Robert Frost. Frost, who received four Pulitzer Prize for Poetry, Pulitzer Prizes for Poetry in his lifetime, attended but did not graduate from Dartmouth; he is, however, the only person to have received two honorary degrees from Dartmouth. Other authors and media personalities include CNN Chief White House correspondent and Anchor Jake Tapper, novelist and founding editor of ''The Believer'' Heidi Julavits, "Dean of rock critics" Robert Christgau, National Book Award winners Louise Erdrich and Phil Klay, novelist/screenwriter Budd Schulberg, political commentator Dinesh D'Souza, radio talk show host Laura Ingraham, commentator Mort Kondracke, and journalist James Panero. Norman Maclean, professor at the University of Chicago and author of ''A River Runs Through It and Other Stories'', graduated from Dartmouth in 1924. Theodor Geisel, better known as children's author Dr. Seuss, was a member of the class of 1925. In the area of religion and theology, Dartmouth alumni include priests and ministers Ebenezer Porter, Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs, Caleb Sprague Henry, Arthur Whipple Jenks, Solomon Spalding, and Joseph Tracy; and rabbis Marshall Meyer, Arnold Resnicoff, and David E. Stern. Hyrum Smith, brother of Mormon Prophet Joseph Smith, attended the college in his teens. He was Patriarch of the LDS Church. Dartmouth alumni in academia include Stuart Kauffman and Jeffrey Weeks (mathematician), Jeffrey Weeks, both recipients of MacArthur Fellows Program, MacArthur Fellowships (commonly called "genius grants"). Dartmouth has also graduated three
Nobel Prize The Nobel Prizes ( ; sv, Nobelpriset ; no, Nobelprisen ) are five separate prizes that, according to Alfred Nobel Alfred Bernhard Nobel ( , ; 21 October 1833 – 10 December 1896) was a Swedish chemist, engineer, inventor, busines ...
winners: Owen Chamberlain (Nobel Prize in Physics, Physics, 1959), K. Barry Sharpless (Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Chemistry, 2001), and George Davis Snell (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Physiology or Medicine, 1980). Educators include founder and first president of Bates College Oren Burbank Cheney (1839); the current chancellor of the University of California, San Diego, Marye Anne Fox (PhD. in Chemistry, 1974); founding president of Vassar College Milo Parker Jewett; founder and first president of Kenyon College Philander Chase; first professor of Wabash College Caleb Mills; president of Union College Charles Augustus Aiken. Nine of Dartmouth's 17 presidents were alumni of the college. Dartmouth alumni serving as CEOs or company presidents and executives include Charles Alfred Pillsbury, founder of the Pillsbury Company and patriarch of the Pillsbury family, Sandy Alderson (San Diego Padres), John Donahoe (eBay), Louis V. Gerstner, Jr. (IBM), Charles E. Haldeman (Putnam Investments), Donald J. Hall Sr. (Hallmark Cards), Douglas Hodge (businessman), Douglas Hodge (CEO of PIMCO accused of fraud), Jeffrey R. Immelt (General Electric), Gail Koziara Boudreaux (United Health Care), Grant Tinker (NBC), and Brian Goldner (Hasbro). In film, entertainment, and television, Dartmouth is represented by David Benioff, co-creator, showrunner, and writer of Game of Thrones; Shonda Rhimes, creator of ''Grey's Anatomy, Private Practice (TV series), Private Practice'' and ''Scandal (TV series), Scandal''; Budd Schulberg, Academy Awards, Academy Award-winning screenwriter of ''On the Waterfront''; Michael Phillips (producer), Michael Phillips, who won the Academy Award for best picture as co-producer of ''The Sting''; Rachel Dratch, a cast member of ''Saturday Night Live''; Chris Meledandri, executive producer of ''Ice Age (franchise), Ice Age'', ''Horton Hears a Who! (film), Horton Hears a Who!'', and ''Despicable Me''; writer and director duo Phil Lord and Chris Miller; and the title character of ''Mister Rogers' Neighborhood'', Fred Rogers. Other notable film and television figures include Sarah Wayne Callies (''Prison Break''), Emmy Award winner Michael Moriarty, Andrew Shue of ''Melrose Place'', Aisha Tyler of ''Friends'' and ''24 (TV series), 24'', Connie Britton of ''Spin City'' and ''Friday Night Lights (TV series), Friday Night Lights'', Mindy Kaling of ''The Office (U.S. TV series), The Office'' and ''The Mindy Project'', David Harbour of ''Stranger Things'', and Michelle Khare of HBO Max's Karma (2020 TV series), ''Karma''. A number of Dartmouth alumni have found success in professional sports. In baseball, Dartmouth alumni include All-Star and three-time Gold Glove winner and manager Brad Ausmus, All-Star reliever Mike Remlinger, and pitcher Kyle Hendricks. Professional football players include Miami Dolphins quarterback Jay Fiedler, linebacker Reggie Williams (linebacker), Reggie Williams, three-time Pro Bowler Nick Lowery, quarterback Jeff Kemp, and Tennessee Titans tight end Casey Cramer, plus Miami Dolphins defensive coordinator Matt Burke (American football), Matt Burke. Dartmouth has also produced a number of Olympic competitors. Adam Nelson won the silver medal in the shot put in the 2000 Sydney Olympics and the gold medal at the 2004 Athens Olympics to go along with his gold medal in the 2005 World Championships in Athletics in Helsinki. Kristin King and Sarah Parsons were members of the United States' 2006 bronze medal-winning ice hockey team. Cherie Piper, Gillian Apps, and Katie Weatherston were among Canada's ice hockey gold medalists in 2006. Dick Durrance and Tim Caldwell (skier), Tim Caldwell competed for the United States in skiing in the 1936 and 1976 Winter Olympics, respectively. Arthur Shaw (athlete), Arthur Shaw, Earl Thomson, Edwin Myers, Marc Wright, Adam Nelson, Gerry Ashworth, and Vilhjálmur Einarsson have all won medals in track and field events. Former heavyweight rowing (sport), rower Dominic Seiterle is a member of the Canadian national rowing team and won a gold medal at the 2008 Summer Olympics in the men's Eight (rowing), 8+ event. File:Jb modern frost 2 e.jpg, Robert Frost, poet File:Ted Geisel NYWTS 2 crop.jpg, Dr. Seuss, writer and illustrator File:Henry Paulson official Treasury photo, 2006.jpg, Henry Paulson, former CEO of Goldman Sachs and United States Secretary of the Treasury File:Timothy Geithner official portrait.jpg, Timothy Geithner, former United States Secretary of the Treasury File:Mathew Brady, Portrait of Secretary of the Treasury Salmon P. Chase, officer of the United States government (1860–1865, full version).jpg, Salmon Chase, former Chief Justice of the United States, Chief Justice of the U.S. File:Daniel Webster.jpg,
Daniel Webster Daniel Webster (January 18, 1782 – October 24, 1852) was an American lawyer and statesman who represented New Hampshire and Massachusetts in the United States Congress, U.S. Congress and served as the United States Secretary of State, U.S. Se ...

Daniel Webster
, former United States Secretary of State, Secretary of State File:Nelson Rockefeller.jpg, Nelson Rockefeller, former Vice President of the United States File:SenatorGillibrandpic.jpg, Kirsten Gillibrand, United States senator File:Robert Reich at the UT Liz Carpenter Lecture 2015.JPG, Robert Reich, former United States Secretary of Labor, political commentator, professor, and author File:Sarah Wayne Callies Comic-Con 4, 2012.jpg, Sarah Wayne Callies, actress File:MindyKaling08.jpg, Mindy Kaling, actress and comedian File:Connie Britton 2013.jpg, Connie Britton, actress, singer and producer File:Shonda Rhimes 2008.jpg, Shonda Rhimes, television producer and writer File:Ausmuscrop.jpg, Brad Ausmus, baseball player File:Jake Tapper at the White House.jpg, Jake Tapper, journalist, author, and commentator File:David Benioff by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg, David Benioff, screenwriter and television producer, writer, and director File:Fred Rogers, late 1960s.jpg, Fred Rogers, television personality
(''Did not graduate'') File:Rachel Dratch 2012 Shankbone 2.JPG, Rachel Dratch, comedian


In popular culture

Dartmouth College has appeared in or been referenced by a number of popular media. Some of the most prominent include: * The 1978 comedy film ''National Lampoon's Animal House'', was co-written by Chris Miller (writer), Chris Miller '63 and is based loosely on a series of stories he wrote about his fraternity days at Dartmouth. In a CNN interview, John Landis said the movie was "based on Chris Miller's real fraternity at Dartmouth", Dartmouth College Greek organizations#Alpha Delta, Alpha Delta Phi. * Dartmouth's Winter Carnival tradition was the subject of the 1939 film ''Winter Carnival'' starring Ann Sheridan and written by Budd Schulberg '36 and F. Scott Fitzgerald. *In the 1969 crime novel The Godfather, by Mario Puzo, Michael Corleone attended Dartmouth College, where he met his future second wife, Kay Adams-Corleone, Kay Adams. * In the 1968 film, The Thomas Crown Affair (1968 film), The Thomas Crown Affair, Steve McQueen plays a thrill-seeking millionaire Dartmouth alumnus whose hobby is bank robbery. * The fictional character, Stephen_Colbert_(character), Stephen T. Colbert, is a member of the Dartmouth Class of 1986.


References

{{reflist, 30em, refs= {{cite news , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~news/releases/2002/may/050202.html , title = 'Mister Rogers' to give Dartmouth Commencement Address , work = Dartmouth News , date = May 2, 2002 , access-date = December 10, 2006 , url-status = dead , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20071013152153/http://www.dartmouth.edu/~news/releases/2002/may/050202.html , archive-date = October 13, 2007 , df = mdy-all {{cite news , url = https://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B0DE4DC1231F933A15754C0A961948260&n=Top%2fReference%2fTimes%20Topics%2fOrganizations%2fD%2fDartmouth%20College , title = 15th President Installed at Dartmouth , first = Matthew L , last = Wald , date = July 20, 1987 , work =The New York Times, access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web, url=http://www.flint.lib.mi.us/hallfame/04/rwilliams.shtml , access-date=January 12, 2007 , title=2004 Greater Flint Afro-American Hall of Fame: Reggie Williams , work=Flint Public Library , date=October 25, 2005 , url-status=dead , archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20071013145530/http://flint.lib.mi.us/hallfame/04/rwilliams.shtml , archive-date=October 13, 2007 {{cite news , url = https://www.nytimes.com/1999/11/07/education/a-frat-party-is-a-milk-and-cookies-b-beer-pong.html , title = A Frat Party Is:; a) Milk and Cookies; b) Beer Pong , first = Randy , last = Kennedy , work =The New York Times , quote = ... at Dartmouth College a place where traditions die hard ..., date = November 7, 1999 , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite book , url = https://books.google.com/books?id=y4GXfnoJdFkC&pg=PA1 , title = A History of American Higher Education , first = John R. , last = Thelin , publisher = Johns Hopkins University Press , year = 2004 , isbn = 978-0-8018-7855-8 {{cite web , first = Jonathan , last = Good , title = A Proposal for a Heraldic Coat of Arms for Dartmouth College , url = http://www.dartmo.com/proposal/index.html , publisher = Dartmo. , access-date = December 2, 2010 {{cite web, url=http://www.dartmouth.edu/home/about/history.html , title=About Dartmouth – History , publisher=Dartmouth.edu , access-date=October 15, 2010 , url-status=dead , archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20100928043724/http://www.dartmouth.edu/home/about/history.html , archive-date=September 28, 2010 {{cite web , url = http://www.dhmc.org/webpage.cfm?site_id=2&org_id=566&morg_id=0&sec_id=0&gsec_id=39&item_id=41397 , title = About Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center , publisher = Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center , access-date = August 23, 2008 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20080117140653/http://www.dhmc.org/webpage.cfm?site_id=2&org_id=566&morg_id=0&sec_id=0&gsec_id=39&item_id=41397, archive-date = January 17, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://www.dineshdsouza.com/more/about.html , title = About Dinesh D'Souza , publisher = DineshDSouza.com , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://www.upne.com/aboutupne.html , title = About UPNE , publisher = University Press of New England , access-date = March 4, 2009 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~doc/firstyeartrips/about/ , title = About the Program , publisher = Dartmouth Outing Club , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/home/academics_research/ , title = Academics & Research , publisher = Dartmouth College , access-date = August 23, 2008 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20080615132909/http://www.dartmouth.edu/home/academics_research/, archive-date = June 15, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~sao/collis/admin.html , title = Administrative Departments in Collis Center , publisher = Collis Center & Student Activities Office , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web, url=http://www.charitywire.com/charity11/00743.html, title=Rabbi Arnold E. Resnicoff Named National Director of Interreligious Relations, date=October 4, 2001, publisher=American Jewish Committee (via Charity Wire), access-date=February 8, 2010, url-status=dead, archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110708135409/http://www.charitywire.com/charity11/00743.html, archive-date=July 8, 2011 {{cite web , url = http://dartmouthsports.com/ViewArticle.dbml?DB_OEM_ID=11600&ATCLID=590342 , title = Alumni Gym , publisher = Dartmouth Sports , access-date = August 23, 2008 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20081208161607/http://dartmouthsports.com/ViewArticle.dbml?DB_OEM_ID=11600&ATCLID=590342 , archive-date = December 8, 2008 , url-status = dead , df = mdy-all {{cite news , url = http://thedartmouth.com/2005/01/06/arts/alums/ , title = Alums bring Fringe fave to Hop , first = Jennifer , last = Garfinkel , work = The Dartmouth , date = January 6, 2005 , access-date = December 10, 2006 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20081207212803/http://thedartmouth.com/2005/01/06/arts/alums/ , archive-date = December 7, 2008 , url-status = dead , df = mdy-all {{cite encyclopedia , url = http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-660 , title = Amos T. Akerman , encyclopedia = The New Georgia Encyclopedia , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://www.ivy50.com/story.aspx?sid=11/14/2006 , title = Andrew Shue , first = E.J. , last = Crawford , work = Ivy@50 , access-date = December 10, 2006 {{cite news, url=http://now.dartmouth.edu/2010/06/and-to-think-that-it-happened-at-dartmouth/ , title=And to Think That It Happened at Dartmouth , first=Steve , last=Smith , work=The Dartmouth , date=June 5, 2010 , access-date=December 7, 2011 , url-status=dead , archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110924014457/http://now.dartmouth.edu/2010/06/and-to-think-that-it-happened-at-dartmouth/ , archive-date=September 24, 2011 {{cite news , url = http://thedartmouth.com/2006/01/18/news/assembly-reworks-ufc-membership-guidelines , archive-url = https://archive.today/20141019154707/http://thedartmouth.com/2006/01/18/news/assembly-reworks-ufc-membership-guidelines , url-status = dead , archive-date = October 19, 2014 , title = Assembly reworks UFC membership guidelines , first = Katy , last = O'Donnell , work = The Dartmouth , date = January 18, 2006 , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmo.com/archives/category/history , title = Atkin Olshin Lawson-Bell Architects , work = Dartmo.: The Buildings of Dartmouth College, access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite news , url = http://www.thedartmouth.com/article.php?aid=2003051903030 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20051103090612/http://www.thedartmouth.com/article.php?aid=2003051903030 , archive-date = November 3, 2005 , title = Ausmus '91 produces Gold Gloves and success for Astros , first = Elliot , last = Olshansky , work =The Dartmouth, date = May 19, 2003 , access-date = December 10, 2006 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~library/bakerberry/general/bells.html , publisher = Dartmouth College Libraries , title = Baker Library Bell Tower , access-date = March 14, 2009 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmo.com/index.php?cat=12 , title = Bartlett Hall's Wheelock Memorial Window , work = Dartmo.: The Buildings of Dartmouth College, access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite news , url = http://thedartmouth.com/2007/09/19/news/board/ , work = The Dartmouth , first = William , last = Schpero , title = Battle for Board leaves boardroom , date = September 19, 2007 , access-date = August 23, 2008 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20080723151717/http://thedartmouth.com/2007/09/19/news/board/ , archive-date = July 23, 2008 , url-status = dead , df = mdy-all {{cite web , url = https://www.dartmouth.edu/~library/bakerberry/general/AboutBaker-BerryLibrary.html , title = About Baker-Berry Library , publisher = Dartmouth College , access-date = November 11, 2015 {{cite web , url = http://dartmouthsports.com/ViewArticle.dbml?DB_OEM_ID=11600&ATCLID=590343 , title = Berry Sports Center , publisher = Dartmouth Sports , access-date = August 23, 2008 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20081210063508/http://dartmouthsports.com/ViewArticle.dbml?DB_OEM_ID=11600&ATCLID=590343 , archive-date = December 10, 2008 , url-status = dead , df = mdy-all {{cite book , last = The Princeton Review , title = Best 361 Colleges , location = New York, NY , publisher = Princeton Review Press , year = 2006 {{cite web, url=http://engineering.dartmouth.edu/thebiggreenbus/2006/news.html , title=Big Green Bus in the News , publisher=The Big Green Bus , access-date=June 5, 2010 , url-status=dead , archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110928222858/http://engineering.dartmouth.edu/thebiggreenbus/2006/news.html , archive-date=September 28, 2011 {{cite news , url = http://thedartmouth.com/2007/09/08/news/board/ , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20080307024347/http://thedartmouth.com/2007/09/08/news/board/ , archive-date = March 7, 2008 , title = Board adds 8 seats, ends century-old parity , first = William , last = Schpero , work =The Dartmouth, date = September 8, 2007 , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite news , url = http://www.boston.com/news/education/higher/articles/2007/09/08/board_of_trustees_vote_to_change_how_dartmouth_college_is_run/ , title = Board of trustees vote to change how Dartmouth College is run , date = September 7, 2007 , agency = Associated Press , newspaper = The Boston Globe , access-date = August 20, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://www.boozallen.com/content/dam/boozallen/media/file/Worlds_Most_Enduring_Institutions.pdf , title = The World's Most Enduring Institutions , publisher = Booz Allen Hamilton , date = December 16, 2004 , access-date = August 23, 2008 , url-status = dead , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20170207031905/http://www.boozallen.com/content/dam/boozallen/media/file/Worlds_Most_Enduring_Institutions.pdf , archive-date = February 7, 2017 , df = mdy-all ; "Dartmouth College went from a floundering, financially weak institution of about 300 students over the next 20 years to an enrollment of more than 2,000, a robust endowment, and a national reputation as the most prestigious undergraduate college in the United States." {{cite web , url = http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/history/biokoop.htm , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20061209104434/http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/history/biokoop.htm , archive-date=December 9, 2006 , title = C. Everett Koop , publisher = United States Department of Health & Human Services , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web, url=http://www.cic.edu/projects_services/grants/getty_definitions.pdf , title=CIC Historic Campus Architecture Project , publisher=The Council of Independent Colleges , access-date=August 23, 2008 , url-status=dead , archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20080625151916/http://www.cic.edu/projects_services/grants/getty_definitions.pdf , archive-date=June 25, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~sao/coso/orgs.html , title = COSO Student Organizations , publisher = Collis Center and Student Activities Office , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite book, last=Marsh, first=James, author2=John J. Duffy, title=Coleridge's American disciples: the selected correspondence of James Marsh, publisher=Univ of Massachusetts Press, year=1973, page=128, isbn=978-0-87023-121-6, url=https://books.google.com/books?id=57WQmJGCQuIC&pg=PA128 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/home/campus_life/clubs.html , title = Campus Life: Clubs and Organizations , publisher = Dartmouth College , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~dds/text/campusmap.shtml , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20071229072128/http://www.dartmouth.edu/~dds/text/campusmap.shtml , archive-date=December 29, 2007 , title = Campus Map , publisher = Dartmouth Dining Services , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://dartmouthsports.com/ViewArticle.dbml?DB_OEM_ID=11600&ATCLID=648518 , title = Cherie Piper , publisher = Big Green Sports , access-date = December 10, 2006 {{cite web, url=http://carnegiefoundation.org/classifications/sub.asp?key=748&subkey=15105&start=782 , title=Classifications: Dartmouth College , publisher=The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching , access-date=August 23, 2008 , url-status=dead , archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20071013162546/http://carnegiefoundation.org/classifications/sub.asp?key=748&subkey=15105&start=782 , archive-date=October 13, 2007 {{cite web , url = http://dartmouthsports.com/ViewArticle.dbml?DB_OEM_ID=11600&KEY=&ATCLID=718210 , title = Club Sports , publisher = Dartmouth Sports , access-date = August 23, 2008 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20081208160621/http://dartmouthsports.com/ViewArticle.dbml?DB_OEM_ID=11600&KEY=&ATCLID=718210 , archive-date = December 8, 2008 , url-status = dead , df = mdy-all {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~orl/greek-soc/cfs/ , title = Coed, Fraternity, and Sorority Administration , publisher = Office of Residential Life , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web , title = College Sustainability Report Card 2008 , publisher = Sustainable Endowments Institute , url = http://www.endowmentinstitute.org/ , access-date = May 21, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~sao/collis/index.html , title = Collis Center , publisher = Collis Center & Student Activities Office , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~sao/collis/floorplan.html , title = Collis Floor Plans , publisher = Collis Center & Student Activities Office , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web, url=http://raunerlibrary.blogspot.com/2010/01/is-this-cricket.html, title=Rauner Library Blog: Is This Cricket?, date=January 29, 2010, publisher=Dartmouth College Library, access-date=February 10, 2010 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~opdc/projects/index.html , title = Current Capital Projects , publisher = Office of Planning, Design & Construction , access-date = February 5, 2008 {{cite journal, last=Collins, first=Jim, date=December 2009, title=100 Years of the Dartmouth Outing Club , journal=The Dartmouth Alumni Magazine, publisher=Dartmouth College, location=Hanover, NH, issue=November–December 2009 , page=38, issn=2150-671X {{cite news, url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~trustees/biographies/haldeman.html , title = Dartmouth Board of Trustees Biographies , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite news , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~news/releases/2008/09/05.html , title = Dartmouth College's Board of Trustees Elects Five Alumni as New Trustees , first = Dartmouth , last = College , work = Press Release , date = September 5, 2008 , access-date = October 3, 2008 , url-status = dead , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20080912051157/http://www.dartmouth.edu/~news/releases/2008/09/05.html , archive-date = September 12, 2008 , df = mdy-all {{cite web , url = http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/usnews/edu/college/directory/brief/drservices_2573_brief.php , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20080225214741/http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/usnews/edu/college/directory/brief/drservices_2573_brief.php , archive-date = February 25, 2008 , title = Dartmouth College: Services and Facilities , work = U.S. News and World Report , access-date = September 17, 2007 {{cite news , url = http://dartreview.com/archives/2003/06/08/dartmouth_indians_the_new_tradition.php , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20071227210651/http://dartreview.com/archives/2003/06/08/dartmouth_indians_the_new_tradition.php , archive-date = December 27, 2007 , title = Dartmouth Indians: The New Tradition , first = Stefan M , last = Beck , date = June 8, 2003 , work =The Dartmouth Review , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://www.saucierflynn.com/clients/educational/dartmouth/dartlanddesignguides.php , title = Dartmouth Landscape Design Guidelines , publisher = Saucier + Flynn Landscape Architects , access-date = August 23, 2008 , url-status = dead , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20071017144223/http://saucierflynn.com/clients/educational/dartmouth/dartlanddesignguides.php , archive-date = October 17, 2007 , df = mdy-all {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~skiway/ , title = Dartmouth Skiway , publisher = Dartmouth College , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web , title = Dartmouth Sustainability Initiative , publisher = Dartmouth College , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/%7Esustain/about/ , access-date = May 21, 2008 {{cite news , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~news/releases/2003/11/17b.html , title = Dartmouth Trustees vote to expand size of board , date = November 17, 2003 , work = Dartmouth News , access-date = August 23, 2008 , url-status = dead , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20081013095536/http://www.dartmouth.edu/~news/releases/2003/11/17b.html , archive-date = October 13, 2008 , df = mdy-all {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/%7Eskating/?DB_OEM_ID=11600 , title = Dartmouth Wins Fourth Consecutive National Title , date = March 27, 2007 , publisher = Dartmouth Figure Skating Team , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://www.academia.org/campus_reports/1999/march_1999_1.html , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20071013124325/http://academia.org/campus_reports/1999/march_1999_1.html , archive-date = October 13, 2007 , title = Dartmouth to Abolish Fraternities and Sororities , first = Stephan , last = Wellman , work = Accuracy in Academia , date=March 1999 , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite journal , url = https://books.google.com/books?id=Z1gEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA45 , title = Dick Durrance, America's Champion , first = Morten , last = Lund , journal=Skiing Heritage Journal , date = June 14, 2004 , access-date = October 21, 2011 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~dds/text/diningloc.shtml , title = Dining Locations , publisher = Dartmouth Dining Services , access-date = September 19, 2007 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~dds/text/courtyardcafe.shtml , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20071031115937/http://www.dartmouth.edu/~dds/text/courtyardcafe.shtml , archive-date=October 31, 2007 , title = Dining Locations: Courtyard Café , publisher = Dartmouth Dining Service , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite news , url = http://thedartmouth.com/2007/10/04/news/suit/ , title = Divided Association of Alumni sues College , first = William , last = Schpero , work = The Dartmouth , date = August 20, 2008 , access-date = August 23, 2008 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20081002205836/http://thedartmouth.com/2007/10/04/news/suit/ , archive-date = October 2, 2008 , url-status = dead , df = mdy-all {{cite news , url = http://www.buzzflood.org/index.php?itemid=523 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20071213155620/http://www.buzzflood.org/index.php?itemid=523 , url-status = dead , archive-date = December 13, 2007 , title = Dolphins still winning, Jay Fiedler '94 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Close , title = Eleazar Wheelock and the Adventurous Founding of Dartmouth College , location = Hanover, New Hampshire , publisher = Durand Press for Hanover Historical Society , year = 2002 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~library/Library_Bulletin/Nov1999/Hoefnagel_Close.html , title = Eleazar Wheelock's Two Schools , first = Dick , last = Hoefnagel , author2=Virginia L. 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Wilson, The Rumford Press, location=Concord, N.H., year=1913, edition=1, page=373 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~dickey/jsd_history.html , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20070208150813/http://www.dartmouth.edu/~dickey/jsd_history.html , archive-date = February 8, 2007 , title = History , publisher = The John Sloan Dickey Center for International Understanding , access-date = November 20, 2007 {{cite news , url = http://thedartmouth.com/2006/02/10/arts/hopkins/ , title = Hopkins Center offers many alternatives over weekend , work = The Dartmouth , date = February 10, 2006 , first = Chetan , last = Mehta , access-date = August 23, 2008 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20081207212839/http://thedartmouth.com/2006/02/10/arts/hopkins/ , archive-date = December 7, 2008 , url-status = dead , df = mdy-all {{cite news, first=Paul , last=Grimaldi , title=In charge at Hasbro , work=The Providence Journal , date=May 20, 2008 , url=http://www.projo.com/news/content/NEW_HASBRO_GUY_GOLDNER_05-18-08_34A4F14_v157.2f745cb.html , access-date=May 20, 2008 , url-status=dead , archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20080709053629/http://www.projo.com/news/content/NEW_HASBRO_GUY_GOLDNER_05-18-08_34A4F14_v157.2f745cb.html , archive-date=July 9, 2008 {{cite news , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~news/releases/2000/oct00/ingraham.html , title = Ingraham '85 to speak on election , work = Dartmouth News , date = October 6, 2006 , access-date = August 23, 2008 , url-status = dead , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20081209081129/http://www.dartmouth.edu/~news/releases/2000/oct00/ingraham.html , archive-date = December 9, 2008 , df = mdy-all {{cite news , title = Interrogating the S.L.I. , url = http://dartreview.com/archives/2005/01/31/interrogating_the_sli.php , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20071023103646/http://dartreview.com/archives/2005/01/31/interrogating_the_sli.php , archive-date = October 23, 2007 , date = January 30, 2005 , work =The Dartmouth Review, first = Joseph , last = Rago , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite news , url = http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-24340227_ITM, title = Interview with John Landis , work = CNN , date = August 29, 2003 , access-date = February 12, 2007 {{cite news , url = https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB121746658635199271?mod=loomia&loomia_si=t0:a16:g2:r3:c0.0567859 , title = Ivy Leaguers' Big Edge: Starting Pay , first = Sarah E. , last = Needleman , date = July 31, 2008 , work =The Wall Street Journal, access-date = August 2, 2008 {{cite web, url=http://www.ivyrugby.com/dartmouth-rugby/dartmouth-men, title=Dartmouth Men, publisher=Ivy Rugby Conference, access-date=November 11, 2015 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~presoff/succession/freedman.html , title = James O. 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Berry Sharpless curriculum vitae , publisher = Scripps College , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://dartmouthsports.com/ViewArticle.dbml?DB_OEM_ID=11600&ATCLID=648492 , title = Katie Weatherston , publisher = Big Green Sports , access-date = December 10, 2006 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~opdc/projects/kh/ , title = Kemeny Hall and Haldeman Center , publisher = Office of Planning, Design, and Construction , access-date = August 23, 2008 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20080725031718/http://www.dartmouth.edu/~opdc/projects/kh/ , archive-date = July 25, 2008 , url-status = dead {{cite web , url = https://www.oyez.org/justices/levi_woodbury/ , title = Levi Woodbury , publisher = Oyez Supreme Court Media , access-date = December 10, 2006 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~oir/pdfs/library.pdf , title = Library Holdings , publisher = Dartmouth College Fact Book , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite news , url = https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1908/03/29/104799904.pdf, title=Many Bequests to Charity; Will of Dr. Ordronaux D ..., work =The New York Times , access-date = February 20, 2009 , date=March 29, 1908 {{cite web , url = http://dms.dartmouth.edu/about/visitor.shtml , title = Maps and Directions , publisher = Dartmouth Medical School , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~opdc/projects/mcl/ , title = McLaughlin Cluster Residence Halls , publisher = Office of Planning, Design, and Construction , access-date = August 23, 2008 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20080917192835/http://www.dartmouth.edu/~opdc/projects/mcl/ , archive-date = September 17, 2008 , url-status = dead {{cite web, url=http://www.matarikinetwork.com/members.html , title=Members of the Matariki Network of Universities , publisher=Matarikinetwork.com , access-date=October 15, 2010 {{cite web , url = http://dartmouthsports.com/ViewArticle.dbml?DB_OEM_ID=11600&ATCLID=590352 , title = Memorial Field , publisher = Dartmouth Sports , access-date = August 23, 2008 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20081208160616/http://dartmouthsports.com/ViewArticle.dbml?DB_OEM_ID=11600&ATCLID=590352 , archive-date = December 8, 2008 , url-status = dead , df = mdy-all {{cite web , url = http://sports.espn.go.com/mlb/players/profile?statsId=4673 , title = Mike Remlinger , work =ESPN, access-date = December 10, 2006 {{cite web , url = http://alumni.dartmouth.edu/default.aspx?id=1084 , title = More GreenNews , publisher = Dartmouth Office of Alumni Relations , quote = Jake Hooker '95: ''New York Times'' reporter, wins 2008 Pulitzer Prize for journalism for investigative reporting on the flow of dangerous pharmaceutical ingredients from China into world market. 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Cheney , publisher=Bates College , access-date=December 10, 2006 , archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20061015233832/http://www.bates.edu/oren-cheney.xml , archive-date=October 15, 2006 , url-status=dead {{cite news , url = http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,829487,00.html , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20071013140632/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,829487,00.html , url-status = dead , archive-date = October 13, 2007 , title = Out of the Woods , work =Time , date = November 23, 1962 , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1959/chamberlain-bio.html , title = Owen Chamberlain , publisher = Nobel Foundation , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web, url=http://www.union.edu/about/leadership/presidents/index.php , title=Past Presidents of Union , publisher=Union College , access-date=October 21, 2011 , url-status=dead , archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110319151023/http://www.union.edu/about/leadership/presidents/index.php , archive-date=March 19, 2011 {{cite web , url = http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=93 , title = Philander Chase , work = Ohio History Central , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite news , url = http://thedartmouth.com/2008/02/04/news/wright/ , title = President Wright to step down in June 2009 , first = Allie , last = Lowe , date = February 4, 2008 , work = The Dartmouth , access-date = February 5, 2008 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20080208084118/http://thedartmouth.com/2008/02/04/news/wright/ , archive-date = February 8, 2008 , url-status = dead , df = mdy-all {{cite news , url = http://www.people.com/people/archive/article/0,,20067215,00.html , title = Professor, Outdoorsman, Now a Novelist—Norman Maclean 'Finds Life Again' at 73 , first = Giovanna , last = Breu , date = December 13, 1976 , work = People , access-date = December 7, 2011 {{cite web , url = http://ocp-prod.dartmouth.edu/ocp/prod/index.cfm?FuseAction=Programs.Home , title = Programs – List All , publisher = Off-Campus Programs , access-date = August 23, 2008 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20081209081510/http://ocp-prod.dartmouth.edu/ocp/prod/index.cfm?FuseAction=Programs.Home , archive-date = December 9, 2008 , url-status = dead {{cite web, url=http://huc.edu/newspubs/pressroom/07/7/stern.shtml, title=Rabbi David E. Stern Endowed Scholarship Established at HUC-JIR, publisher=Hebrew Union College, access-date=February 8, 2010, url-status=dead, archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20071110220016/http://www.huc.edu/newspubs/pressroom/07/7/stern.shtml, archive-date=November 10, 2007 {{cite web , url=http://www.uoguelph.ca/~tstengos/eearank93.pdf , first1=Pantelis , last1=Kalaitzidakis , first2=Theofanis P. , last2=Mamuneas , first3=Thanasis , last3=Stengos , title=Rankings of Academic Journals and Institutions in Economics , date=June 2003 , publisher=University of Guelph , access-date=December 28, 2010 , url-status=dead , archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20100821215814/http://www.uoguelph.ca/~tstengos/eearank93.pdf , archive-date=August 21, 2010 {{cite news , url = https://www.nytimes.com/1988/02/14/magazine/reagan-s-disappearing-bureaucrats.html , title = Reagan's Disappearing Bureaucrats , work =The New York Times, first = Phillip , last = Longman , date = February 14, 1988 , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/print.php?pid=51477 , first = William J. , last = Clinton , title = Remarks at the Dartmouth College Commencement Ceremony in Hanover, New Hampshire , publisher = The American Presidency Project , date = June 11, 1995 , access-date = August 23, 2008 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20081207142556/http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/print.php?pid=51477 , archive-date = December 7, 2008 , url-status = dead , df = mdy-all {{cite encyclopedia , url = http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/177576/Richard-Eberhart , title = Richard Eberhart , encyclopedia = Encyclopædia Britannica , access-date = December 10, 2006 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~sao/robinson.html , title = Robinson Hall , publisher = Collis Center & Student Activities Office , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web , title = Rugby Fires It Up With New Clubhouse , first = Thomas , last = Monahan , work =The Dartmouth Review, access-date = August 23, 2008 , url = http://dartreview.com/archives/2005/10/07/rugby_fires_it_up_with_new_clubhouse.php , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20071118204145/http://dartreview.com/archives/2005/10/07/rugby_fires_it_up_with_new_clubhouse.php , archive-date = November 18, 2007 {{cite web, url=http://www.tulane.edu/~latner/Chase.html , title=Salmon P. Chase , publisher=Tulane University , access-date=August 23, 2008 , url-status=dead , archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20061231131605/http://www.tulane.edu/~latner/Chase.html , archive-date=December 31, 2006 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~doc/secondcollegegrant/ , title = Second College Grant , publisher = Dartmouth Outing Club , access-date = August 20, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~orl/greek-soc/societies/ , title = Senior and Undergraduate Society Administration , publisher = Office of Residential Life , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite news , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~vox/0405/0110/awards.html , title = Six to receive Social Justice Awards , first = Laurel , last = Stavis , work = Vox of Dartmouth , publisher = Dartmouth College , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite book, last=Persuitte, first=David, title=Joseph Smith and the origins of the Book of Mormon, publisher=McFarland, year=2000, edition=2, page=277, isbn=978-0-7864-0826-9, url=https://books.google.com/books?id=5Zx9qOay304C&pg=PA277 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~dartlife/archives/14-3/sports.html , title = Sports Roundup , publisher = Dartmouth Life , first = Matt , last = Dougherty , date=June 2004 , access-date = August 9, 2007 {{cite news , url = http://thedartmouth.com/2006/11/13/sportsweekly/one , title = Sports: One on One , first = John , last = Mitchell , work = The Dartmouth , date = November 13, 2006 , access-date = December 10, 2006 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20120403010636/http://thedartmouth.com/2006/11/13/sportsweekly/one , archive-date = April 3, 2012 , url-status = dead , df = mdy-all {{cite news , url = http://thedartmouth.com/2007/01/05/arts/straight/ , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20071013115341/http://thedartmouth.com/2007/01/05/arts/straight/ , archive-date = October 13, 2007 , title = Straight from the Tap: the men behind the mascot , first = Kelsey , last=Blodget , work =The Dartmouth, date = January 5, 2007 , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://www.esalenctr.org/display/bio.cfm?ID=37 , title = Stuart Kauffman , publisher = Esalen Center for Theory & Research , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/apply/generalinfo/stulife/index.html , title = Student Life , publisher = Admissions and Financial Aid , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite news , url = http://dartmouthsports.xosn.com/ViewArticle.dbml?&DB_OEM_ID=11600&ATCLID=590538 , title = The 'Big Green' Nickname , publisher = DartmouthSports.com , date = January 10, 2007 , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite news , url = http://www.dartreview.com/archives/2006/10/01/the_alumni_constitution_in_brief.php , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20071013162443/http://dartreview.com/archives/2006/10/01/the_alumni_constitution_in_brief.php , archive-date = October 13, 2007 , title = The Alumni Constitution, in Brief , first = Emily , last = Ghods-Esfahani , work =The Dartmouth Review, date = October 11, 2006 , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web, url=http://graduate.dartmouth.edu/studentlife/fun/arts.html , title=The Arts , publisher=Graduate Studies , access-date=October 21, 2011 , url-status=dead , archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120127233038/http://graduate.dartmouth.edu/studentlife/fun/arts.html , archive-date=January 27, 2012 {{cite news , url = http://dartreview.com/archives/1998/12/15/the_banning_of_the_indian.php , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20071227210646/http://dartreview.com/archives/1998/12/15/the_banning_of_the_indian.php , archive-date = December 27, 2007 , title = The Banning of the Indian , date = December 15, 1998 , first = Jeffrey , last = Hart , work =The Dartmouth Review, access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite book , last = Gilman , first = Marcus , title = The Bibliography of Vermont: Or, A List of Books and Pamphlets Relating , url = https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_T1I0AAAAMAAJ , publisher = The Free Press Association , year = 1897 , oclc = 04072330 , page = 279 {{cite web, url=http://www.dartmouth.edu/home/about/campus.html , title=The Campus , publisher=Dartmouth College , access-date=August 23, 2008 , url-status=dead , archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20080615134413/http://www.dartmouth.edu/home/about/campus.html , archive-date=June 15, 2008 {{cite web, url=http://carnegiefoundation.org/classifications/ , title=The Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education , publisher=The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching , access-date=August 23, 2008 , url-status=dead , archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20080822012422/http://www.carnegiefoundation.org/classifications/ , archive-date=August 22, 2008 {{cite book , last = Hill , first = Ralph Nading , year = 1965 , title = The College on the Hill: A Dartmouth Chronicle , location = Hanover, New Hampshire , publisher = Dartmouth Publications , pages = 259–260 , lccn=65002598 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~tour/walking/18green.html , publisher = Dartmouth College , title = The Dartmouth Green: A Walking Tour of Dartmouth , access-date = August 23, 2008 , url-status = dead , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20071013152351/http://www.dartmouth.edu/~tour/walking/18green.html , archive-date = October 13, 2007 , df = mdy-all {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~news/releases/2002/nov/110402b.html , title = The Hopkins Center Turns 40 , first = Tamara , last = Steinert , work = Dartmouth News , date = November 4, 2002 , access-date = August 23, 2008 , url-status = dead , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20081011090847/http://www.dartmouth.edu/~news/releases/2002/nov/110402b.html , archive-date = October 11, 2008 , df = mdy-all {{cite news, url=http://mitworld.mit.edu/video/58/ , title=The Networked World: Are We Ready For It? , work=MIT World , access-date=August 23, 2008 , url-status=dead , archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20071013193014/http://mitworld.mit.edu/video/58/ , archive-date=October 13, 2007 {{cite web , url = http://www.pulitzer.org/year/2005/investigative-reporting/bio/ , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20071114212535/http://www.pulitzer.org/year/2005/investigative-reporting/bio/ , archive-date=November 14, 2007 , title = The Pulitzer Prize Winners 2005 , publisher = The Pulitzer Prizes , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web, url=http://www.dartmouth.edu/~library/digital/collections/ocm51588830/ocm51588830.html , title=The Woodward Succession: A Brief History of the Dartmouth College Library, 1769–2002 , author=Krieger, Lois A. , publisher=Dartmouth College , year=2002 , access-date=October 21, 2011 , url-status=dead , archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120118162108/http://www.dartmouth.edu/~library/digital/collections/ocm51588830/ocm51588830.html , archive-date=January 18, 2012 {{cite news , url = http://dartmed.dartmouth.edu/fall05/html/vs_greys.php , title = This ''Grey's Anatomy'' isn't gross—but it's a textbook case of a hit show , work = Dartmouth Medical Magazine , date =Fall 2005 , access-date = December 10, 2006 {{cite web , url = http://dartmouthsports.com/ViewArticle.dbml?DB_OEM_ID=11600&ATCLID=590355 , title = Thompson Arena , publisher = Dartmouth Sports , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web, url=http://www.museum.tv/archives/etv/T/htmlT/tinkergrant/tinkergrant.htm , access-date=March 28, 2007 , title=Tinker, Grant , publisher=Museum of Broadcast Communications , first=Susan , last=McLeland , url-status=dead , archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070207125256/http://www.museum.tv/archives/etv/T/htmlT/tinkergrant/tinkergrant.htm , archive-date=February 7, 2007 {{cite web, url=http://www.dartmouth.edu/home/about/facts.html , title=About Dartmouth , access-date=February 27, 2012 , url-status=dead , 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http://ocp-prod.dartmouth.edu/ocp/prod/index.cfm?FuseAction=Abroad.ViewLink&Parent_ID=0&Link_ID=CF68AA77-C37A-2F74-CCDEF6D70AE63083# , title = Types of Programs , publisher = Off-Campus Programs , access-date = August 23, 2008 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20081013003503/http://ocp-prod.dartmouth.edu/ocp/prod/index.cfm?FuseAction=Abroad.ViewLink&Parent_ID=0&Link_ID=CF68AA77-C37A-2F74-CCDEF6D70AE63083 , archive-date = October 13, 2008 , url-status = dead {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/home/academics_research/undergraduate_majors.html , title = Undergraduate Majors , publisher = Dartmouth College, access-date = August 23, 2008 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20080529033719/http://www.dartmouth.edu/home/academics_research/undergraduate_majors.html, archive-date = May 29, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~fom/services/mail/undergraduatestudentmail.html , title = Undergraduate Student Mail , publisher = Facilities Operations and Management , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web, url=http://web.usna.navy.mil/~wdj/colloq/michelson_2005-2006.html , publisher=Division of Mathematics & Science, United States Naval Academy , title=Vita for Dr. Jeffrey Weeks , access-date=August 23, 2008 , url-status=dead , archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20071013115551/http://web.usna.navy.mil/~wdj/colloq/michelson_2005-2006.html , archive-date=October 13, 2007 {{cite news , url = https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424052748703916004576271222668393848, title=WSJ's Rago Wins Pulitzer Prize, date=April 19, 2011, newspaper=Wall Street Journal, access-date=October 21, 2011 {{cite book , last = Osborne , first = James Insley , author2=Theodore Gregory Gronert , title = Wabash College: The First Hundred Years, 1832–1932 , publisher = R. 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Banta , location = Crawfordsville, Indiana , year = 1932 , page = 31 {{cite news , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~dujs/2004F/Burton.pdf , title = Wall Street, Aneurysms and Explanatory Writing: An Interview With Thomas Burton '71 , first = Meredith , last = Curtis , work = Dartmouth Undergraduate Journal of Science , date =Fall 2004 , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://www.ivyleaguesports.com/whatisivy/index.asp , title = What is the Ivy League? , publisher = Ivy League Sports , access-date = August 23, 2008 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20080428083826/http://www.ivyleaguesports.com/whatisivy/index.asp, archive-date = April 28, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://ask.dartmouth.edu/categories/athletics/12.html , title = What percentage of Dartmouth students play a varsity sport? , work = Ask Dartmouth , publisher = Dartmouth College , access-date = September 23, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://ask.dartmouth.edu/categories/stulife/11.html , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20070625061943/http://ask.dartmouth.edu/categories/stulife/11.html , url-status = dead , archive-date = June 25, 2007 , publisher = Dartmouth College , title = When did Dartmouth become co-educational? , work = AskDartmouth , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web, url=http://www.dartmouth.edu/~drseuss/ , title=Who's Who & What's What in the Books of Dr. Seuss , first=Edward Connery , last=Lathem , date=November 2000 , access-date=August 23, 2008 , url-status=dead , archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20080807045214/http://www.dartmouth.edu/~drseuss/ , archive-date=August 7, 2008 {{cite news, url=http://campus.jewell.edu/contacts/headlines/headline_371.html , title=William Jewell Honors Kansas City Business Leaders with Yates Medal , first=Rob , last=Eisele , publisher=William Jewell College , date=August 26, 1998 , access-date=December 10, 2006 , url-status=dead , archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20050212105620/http://campus.jewell.edu/contacts/headlines/headline_371.html , archive-date=February 12, 2005 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~presoff/succession/tucker.html , title = William Jewett Tucker , publisher = Office of the President , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~reg/regulations/undergrad/working-rules.html , title = Working Rules and Procedures , publisher = Office of the Registrar , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite news , url = https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/05/25/AR2007052500108.html , newspaper = Washington Post , title = Conservatives Gain Ground at Dartmouth: Dartmouth Alumni Elect Conservatives to Trustees Amid Struggle to Change College's Direction , date = May 25, 2007 , first = Katharine , last = Webster , agency = Associated Press , access-date = October 21, 2011 {{cite web , url = http://dartmouthsports.com/ViewArticle.dbml?DB_OEM_ID=11600&KEY=&ATCLID=584935 , title = About Dartmouth Athletics , publisher = Dartmouth Sports , access-date = August 23, 2008 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20081208161628/http://dartmouthsports.com/ViewArticle.dbml?DB_OEM_ID=11600&KEY=&ATCLID=584935 , archive-date = December 8, 2008 , url-status = dead , df = mdy-all {{cite web, url=http://www.dartmouth.edu/home/about/facts.html , title=About Dartmouth: Facts , publisher=Dartmouth College , access-date=August 23, 2008 , url-status=dead , archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20080527022923/http://www.dartmouth.edu/home/about/facts.html , archive-date=May 27, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~nap/about/ , title = About the Native American Program , publisher = Native American Program , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://ask.dartmouth.edu/categories/stulife/19.html , title = Is "The Big Green" really Dartmouth's mascot? If so, where does it come from and what does it mean? , work = AskDartmouth , publisher = Dartmouth College , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://dartmouthsports.com/ViewArticle.dbml?SPSID=48808&SPID=4706&DB_OEM_ID=11600&ATCLID=588599 , title = Men's Track & Field Olympians , publisher = Big Green Sports , access-date = December 10, 2006 {{cite web, url=http://carnegieclassifications.iu.edu/lookup/view_institution.php?unit_id=182670, title=Carnegie Classifications | Institution Profile , publisher=Classifications.carnegiefoundation.org , access-date=October 15, 2010 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmo.com/charter/charter.html , title = The Charter of Dartmouth College , publisher = Dartmo.com , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://chi.gospelcom.net/DAILYF/2002/08/daily-08-30-2002.shtml , archive-url = https://archive.today/20080407201012/http://chi.gospelcom.net/DAILYF/2002/08/daily-08-30-2002.shtml , archive-date = April 7, 2008 , title = Samson Occom , publisher = Christian History Institute , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite news , first = Christian , last = Weeks , title = Hank Paulson '68, Business Big Shot , work = BuzzFlood , date = October 5, 2005 Dartmouth College, Trustees' Records, 1:26. Dartmouth College Library, Special Collections, DA-1. {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~maps/ , title = Dartmouth Maps , publisher = Dartmouth College , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/apply/generalinfo/overview/dplan.html , title = D-Plan , publisher = Admissions and Financial Aid, access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web, url=http://alum.dartmouthentertainment.org/ , title=Dartmouth Alumni in Entertainment and Media Association , access-date=December 10, 2006 , url-status=dead , archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20100212215659/http://alum.dartmouthentertainment.org/ , archive-date=February 12, 2010 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~speccoll/Resources/DartmouthHistory/DartmouthPresidents.shtml , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20061207191931/http://www.dartmouth.edu/~speccoll/Resources/DartmouthHistory/DartmouthPresidents.shtml , archive-date = December 7, 2006 , title = Presidents of Dartmouth College , publisher = Rauner Special Collections Library, Dartmouth College , access-date = December 10, 2006 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmo.com/buildings/ghijkbldg.html#thegreen , title = The Green , work = Dartmo.: The Buildings of Dartmouth College , access-date = August 23, 2008 , url-status = dead , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20050208010609/http://www.dartmo.com/buildings/ghijkbldg.html#thegreen , archive-date = February 8, 2005 , df = mdy-all {{cite web, url=http://www.dartmouth.edu/apply/pdfs/gib-completebook.pdf , title=Pamphlet , publisher=Dartmouth College , access-date=August 22, 2007 , url-status=dead , archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070927154156/http://www.dartmouth.edu/apply/pdfs/gib-completebook.pdf , archive-date=September 27, 2007 ''Dartmouth Outing Guide'' p. 56. {{cite web, url=http://now.dartmouth.edu/2011/07/leading-voices-lecturer-robert-reich-68/, title=Leading Voices Lecturer: Robert Reich '68, date=July 20, 2011, publisher=Dartmouth College, access-date=October 21, 2011, url-status=dead, archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120406233636/http://now.dartmouth.edu/2011/07/leading-voices-lecturer-robert-reich-68/, archive-date=April 6, 2012 Dartmouth News
{{webarchive, url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070206144751/http://www.dartmouth.edu/~news/releases/2006/11/21a.html , date=February 6, 2007 , "Dartmouth acquires Budd Schulberg '36 papers"
{{cite web, url=http://www.dartmouth.edu/~dartlife/archives/14-3/fox.html , title=Dartmouth Grad Named New UCSD Chancellor , publisher=Dartmouth.edu , access-date=September 22, 2013 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.org/clubs/washdc/congress.html , title = Members of Congress , publisher = Dartmouth Club of Washington, D.C. , access-date = December 10, 2006 {{cite news , title = Ivy Football Association To Honor Reggie Williams '76 , url = http://dartmouthsports.com/ViewArticle.dbml?DB_OEM_ID=11600&ATCLID=698693 , work = Big Green Sports , date = January 12, 2006 {{cite web , url = http://dartmouthsports.com/ViewArticle.dbml?DB_OEM_ID=11600&KEY=&ATCLID=576518 , title = Dartmouth College Athletic Facilities , publisher = Dartmouth Sports , access-date = August 23, 2008 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20081208161621/http://dartmouthsports.com/ViewArticle.dbml?DB_OEM_ID=11600&KEY=&ATCLID=576518 , archive-date = December 8, 2008 , url-status = dead , df = mdy-all {{cite journal , first = Jonathan , last = Good , title = Notes from the Special Collections: The Dartmouth College Seal , journal = Dartmouth College Library Bulletin , issue = NS 37 , date=April 1997 , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~library/Library_Bulletin/Apr1997/Good.html , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://ask.dartmouth.edu/categories/misc/22.html , title = Why is green Dartmouth's color? , work = AskDartmouth , publisher = Dartmouth College , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~library/rauner/dartmouth/dartmouth_history.html , title = A Dartmouth History Lesson for Freshman , first = Francis Lane , last = Childs , work = Dartmouth Alumni Magazine , date=December 1957 , access-date = February 12, 2007 {{cite news , url = http://dartreview.com/archives/2005/10/21/a_history_of_homecoming.php , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20071013162436/http://dartreview.com/archives/2005/10/21/a_history_of_homecoming.php , archive-date = October 13, 2007 , title = A History of Homecoming , first = Joseph , last = Rago , date = October 21, 2005 , work =The Dartmouth Review, access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://hop.dartmouth.edu/about/gen-info.html , title = General Information & History , publisher = Hopkins Center for the Arts , access-date = August 23, 2008 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20080225225610/http://hop.dartmouth.edu/about/gen-info.html, archive-date = February 25, 2008 {{cite news , url = http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2007/09/10/dartmouth , title = Dartmouth Approves Controversial Board Changes , first = Scott , last = Jaschik , work = Inside Higher Education , date = September 10, 2007 , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web, url= http://www.guidestar.org/FinDocuments/2005/020/222/2005-020222111-02604b96-9.pdf, title=2005 Form 990, publisher= GuideStar.org, access-date=August 23, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~news/features/succession/kemeny.html , title = The Wheelock Succession of Dartmouth Presidents: John G. Kemeny, 1970–1981 , work = Dartmouth News , access-date = May 12, 2008 , url-status = dead , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20080908044948/http://www.dartmouth.edu/~news/features/succession/kemeny.html , archive-date = September 8, 2008 , df = mdy-all {{cite web, url=https://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/024.html , title=Records of the Bureau of Naval Personnel , publisher=National Archives , access-date=September 25, 2011 , year=2011 {{cite news , url = http://www.nhspe.org/pages/observer/Feb_3.pdf , title = Dartmouth College's Berry/Baker Library , work = The Observer , publisher = New Hampshire Society of Professional Engineers , date = February 2003, access-date = August 23, 2008 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20080625151916/http://www.nhspe.org/pages/observer/Feb_3.pdf, archive-date = June 25, 2008 {{cite news , url = http://thedartmouth.com/ , title = The Dartmouth , newspaper = The Dartmouth , access-date = January 27, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~orl/housing/intro.html , title = Introduction: Housing on Campus , publisher = Office of Residential Life , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite journal, last=Hix, first=Simon, date=2004, url=http://www.politicalstudies.org/pdf/psr/hix.pdf , title=A Global Ranking of Political Science Departments, journal=Political Studies Review, volume=2, issue=3, pages=293–313 , doi=10.1111/j.1478-9299.2004.00011.x, s2cid=154679305, access-date=December 21, 2004 , url-status=dead , archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20041221043317/http://www.politicalstudies.org/pdf/psr/hix.pdf , archive-date=December 21, 2004 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~reg/regulations/undergrad/degree-req.html , title = Requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Arts , publisher = Office of the Registrar , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web , url = http://www.dartmouth.edu/~speccoll/Resources/DartmouthHistory/AlmaMater.shtml , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20080116122524/http://www.dartmouth.edu/~speccoll/Resources/DartmouthHistory/AlmaMater.shtml , archive-date = January 16, 2008 , title = The Alma Mater , first = Barbara L. , last = Krieger , publisher = Dartmouth College Library Rauner Special Collections Library , access-date = January 7, 2008 {{cite news , url = http://thedartmouth.com/2006/05/19/opinion/stephs/ , title = Steph's So Dartmouth , work = The Dartmouth , date = May 19, 2006 , first = Stephanie , last = Herbert , access-date = August 23, 2008 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20081119072217/http://thedartmouth.com/2006/05/19/opinion/stephs/ , archive-date = November 19, 2008 , url-status = dead , df = mdy-all {{cite web , url = http://www.strategyplus.org/calendar_details.php?ID=57 , title = Richard "Sandy" Alderson, Chief Executive Officer, San Diego Padres , publisher = Association for Strategic Planning , access-date = August 23, 2008 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20071013115523/http://strategyplus.org/calendar_details.php?ID=57, archive-date = October 13, 2007 {{cite news , url = http://dartreview.com/archives/2007/02/11/winter_carnival_stories_of_the_mardi_gras_of_the_north.php , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20071023103837/http://dartreview.com/archives/2007/02/11/winter_carnival_stories_of_the_mardi_gras_of_the_north.php , archive-date = October 23, 2007 , title = Winter Carnival: Stories of the Mardi Gras of the North , date = February 11, 2007 , work =The Dartmouth Review, access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite news , url = http://thedartmouth.com/2006/01/09/sportsweekly/dartmouth/ , title = Dartmouth athletes gear up for Olympic competition , first = Jordan , last = Rose , work = The Dartmouth , date = January 9, 2006 , access-date = December 10, 2006 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20120320031853/http://thedartmouth.com/2006/01/09/sportsweekly/dartmouth/ , archive-date = March 20, 2012 , url-status = dead , df = mdy-all {{cite news , url = http://thedartmouth.com/2008/01/23/news/campaign/ , title = Capital campaign hits $1 billion benchmark , first = Michael , last = Coburn , date = January 23, 2008 , work = The Dartmouth , access-date = February 5, 2008 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20080706161206/http://thedartmouth.com/2008/01/23/news/campaign/ , archive-date = July 6, 2008 , url-status = dead , df = mdy-all {{cite news , url = http://thedartmouth.com/2007/05/04/news/capitalcampaign/ , title = 65 percent done, $1.3 billion capital campaign right on track , first = JR , last = Santo , date = May 4, 2007 , work = The Dartmouth , access-date = February 5, 2008 , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20080217225414/http://thedartmouth.com/2007/05/04/news/capitalcampaign/ , archive-date = February 17, 2008 , url-status = dead , df = mdy-all {{cite web , url=http://thedartmouth.com/2008/06/27/news/lawsuit/ , title=Lawsuit against College dismissed , publisher=TheDartmouth.com , date=June 27, 2008 , access-date=September 22, 2013 , archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20130926210532/http://thedartmouth.com/2008/06/27/news/lawsuit/ , archive-date=September 26, 2013 , url-status=dead {{cite news, url=http://thedartmouth.com/2010/04/19/sportsweekly/centerfold, title=It's not easy being Green, newspaper=The Dartmouth, date=April 29, 2010, author=Buck, Caroline, access-date=October 21, 2011, archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120127111446/http://thedartmouth.com/2010/04/19/sportsweekly/centerfold, archive-date=January 27, 2012, url-status=dead {{cite news , url = http://dartreview.com/archives/2006/10/01/the_wheelock_succession.php , archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20071023103341/http://dartreview.com/archives/2006/10/01/the_wheelock_succession.php , archive-date = October 23, 2007 , title = The Wheelock Succession , work =The Dartmouth Review, first = Aziz G. , last = Sayigh , author2=Boris V. Vabson , date = October 1, 2006 , access-date = August 23, 2008 {{cite web, url=http://www.tuck.dartmouth.edu/about/campus/index.html , title=Our Campus , publisher=Tuck School of Business , access-date=August 23, 2008 , archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20080615134059/http://www.tuck.dartmouth.edu/about/campus/index.html , archive-date=June 15, 2008 , url-status=dead {{cite web , url = http://www.usatf.org/athletes/bios/Nelson_Adam.asp , title = Adam Nelson , publisher = USA Track & Field, Inc. , access-date = December 10, 2006 {{cite web , url=http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/usnews/edu/college/directory/brief/drglance_2573_brief.php, archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070918113857/http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/usnews/edu/college/directory/brief/drglance_2573_brief.php, archive-date=September 18, 2007, title= Dartmouth College: At a Glance, work=U.S. News & World Report , access-date=September 19, 2007 {{cite web , url = http://www.uspto.gov/main/trademarks.htm , title = United States Patent and Trademark Office , access-date = August 23, 2008


Further reading

{{refbegin, 30em * Behrens, Richard K., "From the Connecticut Valley to the West Coast: The Role of Dartmouth College in the Building of the Nation," ''Historical New Hampshire,'' 63 (Spring 2009), 45–68. * {{cite book, last=Chase, first=Frederick, author2=John King Lord, title=A History of Dartmouth College and the Town of Hanover, New Hampshire, Volume 2, publisher=J. Wilson, The Rumford Press, location=Concord, N.H., year=1913, edition=1, oclc=11267716 '
Read and download public domain copy via Google Books
)'' * {{cite book , title = Dartmouth Outing Guide , publisher = Dartmouth Outing Club , year = 2004 , edition = Fifth , first = Chuck , last = Drake * {{cite book , title = The Dartmouth Story: A Narrative History of the College Buildings, People, and Legends , publisher = Dartmouth Bookstore , year = 1990 , first = Robert B. , last = Graham * {{cite book , first = Scott L. , last = Glabe , title = Dartmouth College: Off the Record , publisher = College Prowler , year = 2005 , isbn = 978-1-59658-038-1 * {{cite book , first = Molly K. , last = Hughes , author2 = Susan Berry , title = Forever Green: The Dartmouth College Campus—An arboretum of Northern Trees , publisher = Enfield Books , year = 2000 , isbn = 978-1-893598-01-0 , url-access = registration , url = https://archive.org/details/forevergreendart0000hugh * {{cite book , first = Leon B. , last = Richardson , title = History of Dartmouth College , publisher = Dartmouth College Publications , year = 1932 , oclc = 12157587
''Listen, Look, Likeness: examining the portraits of Félix de la Concha''
2009 ArtsEditor.com article {{refend


External links

{{Wikisource {{commons category {{wikiquote * {{Official website
Dartmouth Athletics website
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