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DVB-H (Digital Video Broadcasting - Handheld) is one of three prevalent
mobile TV DMB in South Korea Mobile television is television Television (TV), sometimes shortened to tele or telly, is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in color, and in two or th ...
formats. It is a technical specification for bringing broadcast services to mobile handsets. DVB-H was formally adopted as
ETSI ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute) is an independent, not-for-profit, standardization Standardization or standardisation is the process of implementing and developing technical standard A technical standard is an establi ...
standard EN 302 304 in November 2004. The DVB-H specification (EN 302 304) can be downloaded from the official DVB-H website. From March 2008, DVB-H is officially endorsed by the
European Union The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of that are located primarily in . The union has a total area of and an estimated total population of about 447million. has been established through a standardised that apply in ...

European Union
as the "preferred technology for terrestrial mobile broadcasting". The major competitors of this technology are
Qualcomm Qualcomm () is an American multinational corporation headquartered in San Diego, California, and Delaware General Corporation Law, incorporated in Delaware. It creates semiconductors, software, and services related to wireless technology. It ow ...

Qualcomm
's
MediaFLO MediaFLO was a technology developed by Qualcomm Qualcomm is an American multinational corporation headquartered in San Diego, California, and Delaware General Corporation Law, incorporated in Delaware. It creates semiconductors, software, and s ...
system, the
3G
3G
cellular system based
MBMS Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Services (MBMS) is a point-to-multipoint In telecommunications, point-to-multipoint communication (P2MP, PTMP or PMP) is communication which is accomplished via a distinct type of one-to-many connection, providing ...
mobile-TV standard, and the
ATSC-M/H ATSC-M/H (''Advanced Television Systems Committee - Mobile/Handheld'') is a U.S. standard for mobile digital TV that allows TV broadcasts to be received by mobile devices.DVB-SH DVB-SH ("Digital Video Broadcasting - Satellite services to Handhelds") is a physical layer standard for delivering IP based media content and data to handheld terminals such as mobile phones or PDAs, based on a hybrid satellite/terrestrial down ...
(Satellite to Handhelds) now and DVB-NGH (Next Generation Handheld) in the future are possible enhancements to DVB-H, providing improved
spectral efficiency Spectral efficiency, spectrum efficiency or bandwidth efficiency refers to the information rate that can be transmitted over a given bandwidth Bandwidth commonly refers to: * Bandwidth (signal processing) or ''analog bandwidth'', ''frequency bandw ...
and better modulation flexibility. DVB-H has been a commercial failure, and the service is no longer on-air.
Ukraine Ukraine ( uk, Україна, Ukraïna, ) is a country in . It is the in Europe after , which it borders to the east and north-east. Ukraine also shares borders with to the north; , , and to the west; and to the south; and has a coastli ...

Ukraine
was the last country with a nationwide broadcast in DVB-H, which began transitioning to DVB-T2 during 2019.


Technical explanation

DVB-H technology is a superset of the successful
DVB-T DVB-T, short for Digital Video Broadcasting — Terrestrial, is the Digital Video Broadcasting, DVB European-based consortium standard for the broadcast transmission of digital terrestrial television that was first published in 1997 and first bro ...
(Digital Video Broadcasting - Terrestrial) system for digital terrestrial television, with additional features to meet the specific requirements of handheld, battery-powered receivers. In 2002 four main requirements of the DVB-H system were agreed: broadcast services for portable and mobile usage with 'acceptable quality'; a typical user environment, and so geographical coverage, as mobile radio; access to service while moving in a vehicle at high speed (as well as imperceptible handover when moving from one cell to another); and as much compatibility with existing digital terrestrial television (DVB-T), to allow sharing of network and transmission equipment. DVB-H can offer a downstream channel at high data rates which can be used as standalone or as an enhancement of mobile telecommunication networks which many typical handheld terminals are able to access anyway. Time slicing technology is employed to reduce power consumption for small handheld terminals. IP datagrams are transmitted as data bursts in small time slots. Each burst may contain up to two megabits of data (including parity bits). There are 64 parity bits for each 191 data bits, protected by Reed-Solomon codes. The front end of the receiver switches on only for the time interval when the data burst of a selected service is on air. Within this short period of time a high data rate is received which can be stored in a buffer. This buffer can either store the downloaded applications or playout live streams. The achievable power saving depends on the relation of the on/off-time. If there are approximately ten or more bursted services in a DVB-H stream, the rate of the power saving for the front end could be up to 90%. DVB-H is a technical system which was carefully tested by the DVB-H Validation Task Force in the course of 2004 (see
ETSI ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute) is an independent, not-for-profit, standardization Standardization or standardisation is the process of implementing and developing technical standard A technical standard is an establi ...
Technical Report TR 102 401).
DVB-SH DVB-SH ("Digital Video Broadcasting - Satellite services to Handhelds") is a physical layer standard for delivering IP based media content and data to handheld terminals such as mobile phones or PDAs, based on a hybrid satellite/terrestrial down ...
improved radio performances and can be seen as an evolution of DVB-H. DVB-H is designed to work in the following bands: * VHF-III (170-230 MHz, or a portion of it) *
UHF-IV/V
UHF-IV/V
(470-862 MHz, or a portion of it) * L (1.452-1.492 GHz) DVB-SH now and DVB-NGH in the near future are expected to expand the supported bands. DVB-H can coexist with DVB-T in the same
multiplex Multiplex may refer to: * Multiplex (automobile), a former American car make * Multiplex (comics), a DC comic book supervillain * Multiplex communication or multiplexing, combining many signals into a single transmission circuit or channel ** Multi ...
.


DVB-IPDC

DVB-IPDC (DVB for IP
Datacasting Datacasting (data broadcasting) is the broadcasting Broadcasting is the distribution of sound, audio or video content to a dispersed audience via any electronic medium (communication), mass communications medium, but typically one using the ele ...
) is the specification for broadcasting mobile TV services based on
Internet Protocol The Internet Protocol (IP) is the network layer communications protocol A communication protocol is a system of rules that allows two or more entities of a communications system 400px, Communication system A communications system or com ...
. DVB-IPDC is a set of systems layer specifications originally designed for use with the DVB-H physical layer, but that will ultimately be used as a higher layer for all DVB mobile TV systems, including
DVB-SH DVB-SH ("Digital Video Broadcasting - Satellite services to Handhelds") is a physical layer standard for delivering IP based media content and data to handheld terminals such as mobile phones or PDAs, based on a hybrid satellite/terrestrial down ...
, and indeed as a higher layer for any other IP capable system. In short, with regard to mobile TV, these specifications define what is delivered, how it is delivered, how it is described, and how it is protected. They cover system architecture, use cases, DVB PSI/SI signalling, electronic service guide (ESG), content delivery protocols (CDP), and service purchase and protection (SPP). Almost all of these have now been published as formal ETSI standards. The full set of DVB-IPDC specifications is available fro
dvb-h.org


DVB-NGH

In 2007 a study mission was formed to investigate the options for a potential DVB-H2 successor to DVB-H, but the project was later shelved. In November 2009, the DVB group made a 'call for technologies' for a new system (DVB-NGH - Next Generation Handheld) to update and replace the DVB-H standard for digital broadcasting to mobile devices.http://www.dvb.org/technology/dvb-ngh/
/ref> The schedule was for submissions to be closed in February 2010, the new ETSI standard published in 2013, and rollout of the first DVB-NGH devices from 2015.


DVB-SH

The DVB-SH (Satellite services to Handheld) standard was published in February 2007. Trials are ongoing in several European countries.


Service launches

In
Finland Finland ( fi, Suomi ; sv, Finland ), officially the Republic of Finland (; ), is a in . It shares land borders with Sweden to the west, Russia to the east, Norway to the north, and is defined by the to the west, and the of the across ...

Finland
, the license to operate a DVB-H network was awarded to Digita, but the service was closed in March 2012. In May 2006 they announced that they had signed a contract with
Nokia Nokia Corporation (natively Nokia , referred to as Nokia; stylized as NOKIA) is a Finnish s, , and company, founded in 1865. Nokia's main headquarters are in , , in the greater , but the company's actual roots are in the region of .
Nokia
to use its DVB-H platform for the service. The network was supposed to be launched on 1 December 2006, but disagreements regarding copyrights of the broadcast material have stalled the launch. Among the services available will be
Voice The human voice consists of sound Voice production, made by a human being using the vocal tract, including Speech, talking, singing, Laughter, laughing, crying, screaming, shouting, humming or yelling. The human voice frequency is specifically a ...
TV and
Kiss A kiss is the touch or pressing of one's lips against another person or an object. Cultural connotations of kissing vary widely. Depending on the culture and context, a kiss can express sentiments of love Love encompasses a range of stron ...
digital radio Digital radio is the use of digital technology to transmit or receive across the radio spectrum. Digital transmission by radio waves includes digital broadcasting, and especially digital audio radio services. Types In digital broadcasting system ...
. Initially the network should cover 25% of the population with coverage area
Helsinki Helsinki ( or ; ; sv, Helsingfors, ; la, Helsingia) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or ...

Helsinki
,
Oulu Oulu ( , ; sv, Uleåborg ; la, Uloa) is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd ed ...
and
Turku Turku ( ; ; sv, Åbo, ; la, Aboa; russian: Турку, formerly ) is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social ...

Turku
. Mobiili-TV started commercial services on 10 May 2007. The service was ended on 5.3.2012 due to lack of subscribers. Network operator Digita was granted to upgrade old DVB-H transmitters to next generation DVB-T2Lite technology which has ability to carry HD, SD and mobile-size picture for TV sets, laptops, pocket-PCs, mobile phones etc. simultaneously. In
India India, officially the Republic of India (: ), is a country in . It is the by area, the country, and the most populous in the world. Bounded by the on the south, the on the southwest, and the on the southeast, it shares land borders wit ...

India
, Indian public broadcaster Prasar Bharti (also known as DD for Doordarshan) started DVB-H trials in various metropolitan areas to test the reception quality of the broadcast coverage. Moreover, DD is currently broadcasting 8 channels in the
New Delhi New Delhi (, ''Naī Dillī'') is the Capital city, capital of India and a part of the NCT Delhi, National Capital Territory of Delhi. New Delhi is the seat of all three branches of the government of India, hosting the Rashtrapati Bhavan, Pa ...

New Delhi
. In
Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of delimited by the and surrounding it, whose territory largely coincides with the . Italy is located in the centre of th ...

Italy
,
3 Italia 3 or Three is a global brand name under which several UMTS The Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) is a third generation mobile cellular system for networks based on the GSM standard. Developed and maintained by the 3GPP (3rd Ge ...
and Reti Radiotelevisive Digitali launched nationwide services in May 2006 (technology used), both
Telecom Italia Mobile TIM S.p.A. and its affiliates, jointly referred to as Gruppo TIM (formerly Telecom Italia S.p.A.), is an Italian telecommunications company A telephone company, also known as a telco, telephone service provider, or telecommunications operat ...
(TIM) and
Mediaset Mediaset S.p.A., also known as Gruppo Mediaset in Italian language, Italian, is an Italian-based mass media company which is the largest commercial broadcasting, commercial broadcaster in the country. Founded in 1987 by former Italian prime minis ...
in June 2006,
Vodafone Vodafone Group Plc () is a British Multinational corporation, multinational telecommunications company. Its registered office and global headquarters are in Newbury, Berkshire, England. It predominantly operates services in Asia, Africa, Europe, ...
in December 2006. DVB OSF was the adopted security standard in this country. Since June 2008, 3 Italia has made some channels free on Dvb-h for all the users. In
Singapore Singapore (), officially the Republic of Singapore, is a island in . It lies about one degree of latitude () north of the , off the southern tip of the , bordering the to the west, the () to the south, and the to the east. The country' ...

Singapore
, M1, ,
Singtel Singapore Telecommunications Limited, commonly known as Singtel and stylised as SingTel, is a Singaporean telecommunications Telecommunication is the transmission of information by various types of technologies over wire, radio, Optical sys ...
and
Mediacorp Mediacorp Pte. Ltd. (Mediacorp) is a Singaporean mass media conglomerate that serves as the national public broadcaster Public broadcasting involves radio Radio is the technology of signaling and telecommunication, communicating using rad ...

Mediacorp
launches for Beijing Olympics a nationwide DVB-H pilot adopting OMA BCAST SmartCard profile. In the
Philippines The Philippines (; fil, Pilipinas, links=no), officially the Republic of the Philippines ( fil, Republika ng Pilipinas, links=no), * bik, Republika kan Filipinas * ceb, Republika sa Pilipinas * cbk, República de Filipinas * hil, Republ ...

Philippines
,
SMART Smart or SMART may refer to: Arts and entertainment * ''Smart'' (Hey! Say! JUMP album), 2014 * Smart (Hotels.com), former mascot of Hotels.com * ''Smart'' (Sleeper album), 1995 debut album by Sleeper * ''SMart ''SMart'' was a British CBBC t ...
had launched its Mobile TV services, called ''MyTV''. It is only available on the
Nokia N92 The Nokia N92 is a smartphone part of the multimedia Nokia Nseries, Nseries. It was announced on November 2, 2005 and was the world's first mobile phone with an integrated DVB-H tuner (excluding the experimental Nokia 7710, 7710). As a result, Noki ...
and N77 mobile phone due to incompatibility of the current system with other security technologies such as DVB OSF, the one supported by all other handset manufacturers. However, with transition to OMA SmartCard Profile, it is yet to be available on other mobile phones models. This transition is not foreseen by end of 2008. In the
United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., ...

United States
,
Crown Castle Crown Castle is a real estate investment trust A real estate investment trust (REIT) is a company that owns, and in most cases operates, income-producing real estate. REITs own many types of commercial real estate, including office building, offi ...
had rolled out a DVB-H offering through a company they created called Modeo in 2006. It was initially offered in New York, but it was eventually terminated in 2007. Modeo was attempting to compete head-to-head with
MediaFLO MediaFLO was a technology developed by Qualcomm Qualcomm is an American multinational corporation headquartered in San Diego, California, and Delaware General Corporation Law, incorporated in Delaware. It creates semiconductors, software, and s ...
; which is both a Mobile TV company and Mobile TV Standard created by
Qualcomm Qualcomm () is an American multinational corporation headquartered in San Diego, California, and Delaware General Corporation Law, incorporated in Delaware. It creates semiconductors, software, and services related to wireless technology. It ow ...

Qualcomm
. At the NAB trade show in April 2006, a second service launch was announced by SES Americom, Aloha Partners and Reti Radiotelevisive Digitali. Titled Hiwire Mobile Television, the service is set to begin trials in Las Vegas in Q4 2006. Hiwire owns two 6 MHz channels of spectrum at 700 MHz covering most of the country. In
Albania Albania ( ; sq, Shqipëri or Shqipëria), officially the Republic of Albania ( sq, Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe Southeast Europe or Southeastern Europe () is a geographical subregion A subregion is a par ...

Albania
,
DigitAlb DigitAlb is an Albanian media, digital satellite Satellite television is a service that delivers television programming to viewers by relaying it from a communications satellite A communications satellite is an artificial satellite that relay ...
and GrassValley launched the service on December 20, 2006 with free access up to the end of 2008. The package consists of 16 channels and covers 65% of the territory as of August 2007. In
Vietnam Vietnam ( vi, Việt Nam, ), officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam,, group="n" is a country in Southeast Asia Southeast Asia, also spelled South East Asia and South-East Asia, and also known as Southeastern Asia or SEA, is the ...

Vietnam
, VTC launched nationwide service on 21 December 2006. Similar issue to Smart in Philippines, the system was supporting only few Nokia handsets that limited the take-off of the service. O2 Ireland commenced a trial in March 2007 with a single high site 1.2 kW transmitter at Three Rock covering the greater
Dublin Dublin (; , or ) is the capital and largest city of Ireland Ireland ( ; ga, Éire ; Ulster-Scots: ) is an island upright=1.15, Great_Britain.html"_;"title="Ireland_(left)_and_Great_Britain">Ireland_(left)_and_Great_Britain_ ...

Dublin
area. In
France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses ...

France
,
Spain , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_map = , map_caption = , image_map2 ...

Spain
and
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 60 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of . South Africa has three capital citie ...

South Africa
nationwide service launch is planned for 2008 or 2009, However, the unavailability of the UHF frequencies keeps on delaying services launches. In
Austria Austria (, ; german: Österreich ), officially the Republic of Austria (german: Republik Österreich, links=no, ), is a landlocked Eastern Alps, East Alpine country in the southern part of Central Europe. It is composed of nine States o ...

Austria
DVB-H is available since the start of
UEFA Euro 2008 The 2008 UEFA European Football Championship, commonly referred to as UEFA Euro 2008 or simply Euro 2008, was the 13th UEFA European Championship The UEFA European Football Championship, commonly known as the UEFA European Championship and ...
as result of a joint effort between Media Broad and the mobile operators 3 and
Orange Orange most often refers to: *Orange (colour), occurs between red and yellow in the visible spectrum *Orange (fruit), the fruit of the tree species '' Citrus'' × ''sinensis'' ** Orange blossom, its fragrant flower *Some other citrus or citrus-li ...
. The service was switched off at the end of 2010. In
Morocco ) , image_map = Morocco (orthographic projection, WS claimed).svg , map_caption = Location of Morocco in northwest Africa.Dark green: Undisputed territory of Morocco.Lighter green: Western Sahara, a United Nations lis ...

Morocco
, the service has been launched in May 2008. In
Switzerland , french: Suisse(sse), it, svizzero/svizzera or , rm, Svizzer/Svizra , government_type = Federalism, Federal semi-direct democracy under an assembly-independent Directorial system, directorial republic , leader_title1 = Fe ...

Switzerland
DVB-H is available since the start of
UEFA Euro 2008 The 2008 UEFA European Football Championship, commonly referred to as UEFA Euro 2008 or simply Euro 2008, was the 13th UEFA European Championship The UEFA European Football Championship, commonly known as the UEFA European Championship and ...
thanks to
Swisscom Swisscom AG is a major telecommunication Telecommunication is the transmission of information by various types of technologies over wire A wire is a single usually cylindrical A cylinder (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece An ...
. In
Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin Berlin (; ) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities in Germany by population, largest city of Germany by both area and population. Its 3,769,495 inh ...

Germany
the future of DVB-H is still unknown due to continuous issues with the license and open questions about the business model, in particular which role operators play in it and if they are willing to do so. In
China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere ...

China
, two companies have been issued licenses by the government,
Shanghai Media Group Radio and Television Station of Shanghai (RTS), a Shanghai-based publicly owned institution, and its wholly owned subsidiary, Shanghai Media Group (SMG), represent one of China's largest state-owned media and cultural conglomerates, with the most ...

Shanghai Media Group
and
China Central Television China Central Television (CCTV) is a Chinese state-owned broadcaster controlled by the Chinese Communist Party ) , anthem = "The Internationale" , seats1_title = National People's Congress (13th National People's Congress, 1 ...
. Trials are currently underway, services were expected to be launched before the 2008 . However, in this country,
China Multimedia Mobile Broadcasting China Mobile Multimedia Broadcasting (CMMB) is a mobile television and multimedia standard developed and specified in China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List of countries and de ...
(CMMB) is the standard the most deployed in 2008. In
Malaysia Malaysia ( ; ) is a country in Southeast Asia Southeast Asia, also spelled South East Asia and South-East Asia, and also known as Southeastern Asia or SEA, is the geographical southeastern subregion of Asia, consisting of the regions ...

Malaysia
,
U Mobile U Mobile Sdn Bhd (223969-U) is a Malaysian Telecommunications service provider, mobile telecommunications service provider and was founded in 1998 as MiTV Networks Sdn Bhd. U Mobile is a wholly owned subsidiary of U Television Sdn Bhd, which was ...
, the fourth telecom operator and the country's newest 3G service provider announced commercial availability of a mobile broadcast TV service based on DVB-H technology before the end of 2007. The service will be called ''Mobile LiveTV''.
Kenya ) , national_anthem = "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu" (, ) is the national anthem of Kenya. History "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu"'s lyrics were originally written in Swahili language, Kiswahili, the national language of Kenya ...

Kenya
has a DVB-H service, DStv Mobile, which was launched in Nairobi by South African company Digital Mobile TV. Consumers will receive a package of ten DStv channels through their mobile phones at a cost of Sh1,000 per month. The channels will include SuperSport Update, SuperSport 2, SuperSport 3, CNN International, Big Brother Africa and Africa Magic. In
Iran Iran ( fa, ایران ), also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia Western Asia, West Asia, or Southwest Asia, is the westernmost subregion A subregion is a part of a larger regio ...

Iran
, DVB-H services began in
Tehran Tehran (; fa, تهران ) is the Capital city, capital of Iran and Tehran Province. With a population of around 8.7 million in the city and 15 million in the larger metropolitan area of Greater Tehran, Tehran is the List of largest cities o ...

Tehran
in March 2008. The service brings ten television and four radio channels to mobile phones. In
Estonia Estonia ( et, Eesti ), officially the Republic of Estonia ( et, Eesti Vabariik, links=no), is a country in northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland across from Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea across from Sweden ...

Estonia
, DVB-H service started testing phase in April 2008 with Levira and EMT, offering up to 15 TV-stations. Testing period ended in November 2009; the service never went into commercial use. In
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 60 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of . South Africa has three capital citie ...

South Africa
Multichoice launched the public version of its DVB-H service, called
DSTV DStv (abbreviation for Digital Satellite Television) is a Sub-Saharan Africa Sub-Saharan Africa (commonly called Black Africa) is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara. According to the United ...

DSTV
Mobile on 1 December 2010. During September 2018, MultiChoice announced that its DStv Mobile service will end on 31 October 2018. In the
Netherlands ) , national_anthem = ( en, "William of Nassau") , image_map = EU-Netherlands.svg , map_caption = , image_map2 = BES islands location map.svg , map_caption2 = , image_map3 ...

Netherlands
,
KPN KPN (in full Koninklijke KPN N.V., also Royal KPN N.V.) is a Dutch landline and mobile telecommunications company. KPN originated from a government-run postal, telegraph and telephone service and is based in Rotterdam Rotterdam (, , ) is ...

KPN
launched a DVB-H service on 29 May 2008. The service offers 10 channels, 1 channel specially made for the service and 9 channels which are converted regular broadcasts. On 30 March 2011, KPN announced it was terminating the DVB-H service on 1 June 2011 because of a lack of new mobiles supporting the standard which resulted in fewer users. KPN still believes in mobile video, but in the form of video-on-demand using mobile internet connections. In
Jamaica Jamaica (; ) is an island country An island country or an island nation is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an individual's birth, residence or ...

Jamaica
, DVB-H service was launched by telecoms provider LIME in 2010 in the capital city Kingston and its Metropolitan Area. Further upgrades were made and the service was made available in the second city, Montego Bay.


Lack of acceptance

At the
NAB show NAB Show is an annual trade show A trade fair (trade show, trade exhibition, or trade exposition) is an exhibition organized so that companies A company, abbreviated as co., is a Legal personality, legal entity representing an association o ...
in April 2012, Peter Siebert of Europe's DVB Project Office said DVB-H did not succeed because so few devices were available, mainly because content producers would not subsidize them. The competing technologies - like
MediaFLO MediaFLO was a technology developed by Qualcomm Qualcomm is an American multinational corporation headquartered in San Diego, California, and Delaware General Corporation Law, incorporated in Delaware. It creates semiconductors, software, and s ...
in the US - did not have any success, new sales were terminated in December 2010 and the allocated spectrum sold to AT&T. These 1st generation transmissions protocols are not very spectrum efficient, but the fatal problem seems to be the lack of business model for mobile-TV. Very few have been willing to pay for the services. Even with a free mobile-tv signal, the daily use was often just a few minutes. The Dutch KPN is an example. KPN quote lack of receiving devices, but even when KPN's service was initially free the average daily use was a mere 9 minutes per phone having a DVB-H receiver. (TV is typically watched 2–3 hours per day.) As 4G/ LTE became standard in most smartphones and used in many countries, it can provide the needed capacity for mobile TV within most people's data allotments. 4G/LTE has the potential of efficient multicast, which can increase the spectrum efficiency in broadcast type application to within a factor of maybe two compared to the newest (e.g. DVB-T2/T2Lite) broadcast protocols.


See also

*
ATSC-M/H ATSC-M/H (''Advanced Television Systems Committee - Mobile/Handheld'') is a U.S. standard for mobile digital TV that allows TV broadcasts to be received by mobile devices.Digital Audio Broadcasting Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB) is a digital radio Digital radio is the use of digital technology to transmit or receive across the radio spectrum The radio spectrum is the part of the electromagnetic spectrum The electromagnetic spect ...

Digital Audio Broadcasting
(DAB and DAB+) *
Digital Multimedia Broadcasting Digital multimedia broadcasting (DMB) is a digital radio transmission Radio is the technology of signaling and telecommunication, communicating using radio waves. Radio waves are electromagnetic waves of frequency between 30 hertz (Hz ...
(DMB) *
Digital Radio Mondiale Digital Radio Mondiale (DRM; ''mondiale'' being Italian and French for "worldwide") is a set of digital audio broadcasting technologies designed to work over the bands currently used for analogue radio broadcasting including AM broadcasting, pa ...
(DRM) *
Electronic program guide Electronic programming guides (EPGs) and interactive programming guides (IPGs) are menu-based systems that provide users of television, radio Radio is the technology of signaling and telecommunication, communicating using radio waves. R ...

Electronic program guide
* ETSI Satellite Digital Radio (SDR) *
E-VSB E-VSB or Enhanced VSB is an optional enhancement to the original ATSC Standards Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC) standards are an American set of standards for digital television Digital television (DTV) is the transmission of ...
ATSC standard *
Handheld projector A handheld projector (also known as a pocket projector, mobile projector, pico projector or mini beamer) is an image projector 200px, Acer projector, 2012 A projector or image projector is an optical device that projects an image (or movin ...
*
Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting (ISDB; Japanese Japanese may refer to: * Something from or related to Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep red circle on a white ...
(ISDB) *
IP over DVB IP over DVB or IP over MPEG implies that Internet Protocol The Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol in the Internet protocol suite for relaying datagrams across network boundaries. Its routing Routing is the proce ...
* DVB over IP *
MediaFLO MediaFLO was a technology developed by Qualcomm Qualcomm is an American multinational corporation headquartered in San Diego, California, and Delaware General Corporation Law, incorporated in Delaware. It creates semiconductors, software, and s ...
* Mobile DTV Alliance industry association *
Mobile TV Mobile television is television Television, sometimes shortened to TV or telly, is a telecommunication Telecommunication is the transmission of information by various types of technologies over wire A wire is a single usually ...
a term for the entire category *
Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Services (MBMS) is a point-to-multipoint In telecommunications, point-to-multipoint communication (P2MP, PTMP or PMP) is communication which is accomplished via a distinct type of one-to-many connection, providing ...
(MBMS) * OFDM system comparison table - providing technical details * OneSeg * Spectral efficiency comparison table * WiMAX * Digital Video Broadcasting(DVB)


References


External links


DVB-H.org
- Official DVB-H website of the DVB Project, includes extensive information on trials, technical specifications for download, a detailed FAQ, and an indication of DVB-H related products

- TIA Terrestrial and Non Terrestrial Mobile Multimedia Multicast Standards based on DVB-H Technology
DVB Standards & BlueBooks

EBU Tech 3327 - Network Aspects of DVB-H and T-DMB
* A 10-page articl
"DVB-H — the emerging standard for mobile data communication"
from the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) Technical Review * A collection of articles on DVB (including DVB-H & DVB-SH) in the archive o
EBU Technical Review


DVB-H systems in use
"Mobile DTV Alliance: Digital Video Broadcast for Handheld Devices; North American Implementation Guidelines Release 1.0"
- DVB-H Implementation Guidelines for North America

December 2011

{{DEFAULTSORT:Dvb-H Broadcast engineering Digital Video Broadcasting Mobile telephone broadcasting Mobile television Television transmission standards