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A court of cassation is a high-instance court that exists in some judicial systems. Courts of cassation do not re-examine the facts of a case, they only interpret the relevant law. In this they are appellate courts of the highest instance. In this way they differ from systems which have a supreme court which can rule on both the facts of a case and the relevant law. The term derives from the Latin ''cassare'', "to reverse/overturn". The European Court of Justice answers questions of European Union law following a referral from a court of a Member State. In exercising this function it is not a court of cassation: it issues binding advice to the national courts on how EU law ought to be interpreted, it does not overturn decisions of those courts. However, the Court of Justice can act as a court of cassation when it hears appeals from the General Court of the European Union.

Countries

Cassation courts are listed below. * Court of Cassation (Armenia) * Court of Cassation (Belgium) * Supreme Court of Cassation of Bulgaria * Court of Cassation (Democratic Republic of the Congo) * In Ecuador, the Corte Nacional de Justicia * Court of Cassation (Egypt) * Supreme Court of Estonia * Court of Cassation (France) * Court of Cassation (Greece) * Court of Cassation (Haiti) * Court of Final Appeal (Hong Kong) * In Iraq, the Court of Cassation of Iraq (see Constitution of Iraq#Judicial branch) * Court of Cassation (Italy) * Court of Cassation (Jordan) * Court of Cassation (Kuwait) * Court of Cassation (Lebanon) (see Politics of Lebanon#Judicial branch) * In Lithuania, the Supreme Court of Lithuania * Court of Cassation (Morocco) * Supreme Court of the Netherlands * Supreme Court of Poland * Court of Cassation (Qatar) * In Romania, the High Court of Cassation and Justice * Court of Cassation (Senegal) * Supreme Court of Cassation of Serbia * Supreme Court of Spain * Court of Cassation (Sudan), in Khartoum * Court of Cassation (Tunisia) * Court of Cassation (Turkey) * ''The Supreme Specialized Court of Ukraine for Civil and Criminal Cases'' in Ukraine * In Vatican City State, the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic SignaturaPope Francis reforms Vatican City courts with new law
CatholicNewsAgency.com, accessed 17 March 2019.

References

Category:Courts by type Category:Civil law (legal system) {{set index article