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County Fermanagh ( ; ) is one of the thirty-two
counties A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposes Chambers Dictionary, L. Brookes (ed.), 2005, Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, Edinburgh in certain modern nations. The term is derived from the Old French ...

counties
of
Ireland Ireland ( ; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scots dialect, Ulster-Scots: ) is an island in the Atlantic Ocean, North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel (Great Britain and Ireland), North Channel, the Irish Sea ...

Ireland
, one of the six
counties A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposes Chambers Dictionary, L. Brookes (ed.), 2005, Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, Edinburgh in certain modern nations. The term is derived from the Old French ...
of
Northern Ireland Northern Ireland ( ga, Tuaisceart Éireann ; sco, label=Ulster-ScotsUlster Scots, also known as Scotch-Irish, may refer to: * Ulster Scots people The Ulster Scots (Ulster-Scots The Ulster Scots (Ulster Scots dialects, Ulster- ...

Northern Ireland
and one of the nine counties of
Ulster Ulster (; ga, Ulaidh or ''Cúige Uladh'' ; sco, label= Ulster Scots, Ulstèr or ''Ulster'') is one of the four traditional Irish provinces A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative ...

Ulster
. The county covers an area of 1,691 km2 (653 sq mi) and has a population of 61,805 as of 2011.
Enniskillen Enniskillen ( , from ga, Inis Ceithleann , 'Cethlenn, Ceithlenn's island') is the largest town in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. It is in the middle of the county, between the Upper and Lower sections of Lough Erne. It had a population of ...
is the
county town In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Some prefer ...
and largest in both size and population. Fermanagh is one of four counties of Northern Ireland to have a majority of its population from a
Catholic The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with 1.3 billion baptised Baptism (from the Greek language, Greek noun βάπτισμα ''báptisma'') is a Christians, Christian r ...

Catholic
background, according to the
2011 census2011 censuses were conducted in the following countries: * Australia: Census in Australia * Austria: Demographics of Austria * Bangladesh: 2011 Bangladesh Census * Bulgaria: Demographics of Bulgaria * Canada: Canada 2011 Census * Croatia: 2011 Censu ...
.


Geography

Fermanagh is situated in the southwest corner of Northern Ireland. It spans an area of 1,851 km2 (715 sq; mi), accounting for 13.2% of the landmass of Northern Ireland. Nearly a third of the county is covered by lakes and waterways, including Upper and Lower
Lough Erne Lough Erne ( , ) is the name of two connected lake A lake is an area filled with water, localized in a basin, surrounded by land, apart from any river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ...

Lough Erne
and the
River Erne The River Erne ( , ga, Abhainn na hÉirne or ''An Éirne'') in the northwest The points of the compass are the vectors by which planet A planet is an astronomical body orbiting a star or Stellar evolution#Stellar remnants, stellar re ...
. Forests cover 14% of the landmass (42,000 hectares). It is the only county in Northern Ireland that does not border
Lough Neagh Lough Neagh ( ) is a large freshwater lake in Northern Ireland Northern Ireland ( ga, Tuaisceart Éireann ; Ulster Scots dialects, Ulster-Scots: ') is #Descriptions, variously described as a country, province, or region which is Countrie ...
. The county has three prominent upland areas: * the expansive to the southwest of Lough Erne, which rise to about 350m, * the
Sliabh Beagh Slieve Beagh or Sliabh Beagh () is a mountainous area straddling the border between County Monaghan in the Republic of Ireland and County Fermanagh and County Tyrone in Northern Ireland. A point just east of its summit is the highest point in Mon ...
hills, situated to the east on the Monaghan border, and * the Cuilcagh mountain range, located along Fermanagh's southern border, which contains
Cuilcagh Cuilcagh () is a mountain on the border between County Fermanagh County Fermanagh ( ; ) is one of the thirty-two counties of Ireland Ireland (; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scots dialect, Ulster-Scots: ) is an island in the North Atlantic Ocea ...

Cuilcagh
, the county's highest point, at 665m. The county borders: *
County Tyrone County Tyrone (; ) is one of the thirty-two traditional of , one of the six of and one of the nine counties of . It is no longer used as an administrative division for local government but retains a strong identity in popular culture. Adjoi ...

County Tyrone
to the north-east, *
County Monaghan County Monaghan ( ; ga, Contae Mhuineacháin) is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William ...
to the south-east, *
County Cavan County Cavan ( ; gle, Contae an Chabháin) is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Cham ...
to the south-west, *
County Leitrim County Leitrim ( ; gle, Contae Liatroma) is a Counties of Ireland, county in the Republic of Ireland. It is in the Provinces of Ireland, province of Connacht and is part of the Border Region, Ireland, Border Region. It is named after the villag ...
to the west, and *
County Donegal County Donegal ( ; ga, Contae Dhún na nGall) is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William ...
to the north-west. Fermanagh is by far the least populous of Northern Ireland's six counties, with just over one-third the population of
Armagh Armagh ( ; ga, Ard Mhacha, , "Macha Macha () was a sovereignty goddess Sovereignty goddess is a scholarly term, almost exclusively used in Celtic studies (although parallels for the idea have been claimed in other traditions, usually unde ...

Armagh
, the next least populous county. It is approximately from
Belfast Belfast ( ; , ) is the capital and largest city of Northern Ireland, standing on the banks of the River Lagan on the east coast. It is the 12th-largest city in the United Kingdom and the second-largest on the island of Ireland. It had a popul ...

Belfast
and from
Dublin Dublin (; , or ) is the capital and largest city of Ireland Ireland ( ; ga, Éire ; Ulster-Scots: ) is an island upright=1.15, Great_Britain.html"_;"title="Ireland_(left)_and_Great_Britain">Ireland_(left)_and_Great_Britain_ ...

Dublin
. The county town, Enniskillen, is the largest settlement in Fermanagh, situated in the middle of the county. The county enjoys a
temperate In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena of the Earth and planets. The first person to use ...
oceanic climate An oceanic climate, also known as a maritime climate or marine climate, is the Köppen classification of climate Climate is the long-term pattern of weather Weather is the state of the atmosphere, describing for example the deg ...
(''Cfb) with cool winters, mild humid summers, and a lack of temperature extremes, according to the
Köppen climate classification The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used systems. It was first published by German-Russian (1846–1940) in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen, notably in 1918 and 1936. Later, the climatologist (1894- ...
. The
National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty The National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, commonly known as the National Trust, is a charity and membership organisation for heritage conservation in England England is a that is part of the . It shares lan ...
manages three sites of historic and natural beauty in the county: Crom Estate,
Florence Court Florence Court is a large 18th-century house and estate located 8 miles south-west of Enniskillen, County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. It is set in the foothills of Cuilcagh Mountain. The nearby village is distinguished by the one-word name Flore ...
, and
Castle Coole Castle Coole (from ga, CúlIreland_(left)_and_Great_Britain_(right),_are_large_islands_of_north-west_Europe image:Small_Island_in ..., acquired by ancestors with a successful background in merchantry. The income generated by the estates allowed Ca ...
.


Geology

The oldest sediments in the county are found north of Lough Erne. These so-called
red beds Red beds (or redbeds) are sedimentary rocks, typically consisting of sandstone Sandstone is a clastic sedimentary rock composed mainly of grain size, sand-sized (0.0625 to 2 mm) silicate mineral, silicate grains. Sandstones make up abou ...
were formed approximately 550 million years ago. Extensive
sandstone Sandstone is a clastic sedimentary rock of a clast (sand grain), derived from a basalt Basalt (, ) is a fine-grained extrusive igneous rock formed from the rapid cooling of low-viscosity lava rich in magnesium and iron ('' mafic ' ...

sandstone
can be found in the eastern part of the county, laid down during the
Devonian The Devonian ( ) is a geologic period and system of the Paleozoic The Paleozoic (or Palaeozoic) Era ( ; from the Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the H ...
, 400 million years ago. Much of the rest of the county's sediments are
shale Shale is a fine-grained, clastic of a clast (sand grain), derived from a basalt Basalt (, ) is a fine-grained extrusive igneous rock formed from the rapid cooling of low-viscosity lava rich in magnesium and iron ('' mafic '' lava) ...

shale
and
limestone Limestone is a common type of carbonate In chemistry, a carbonate is a salt Salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of Salt (chemistry), salts; salt in its nat ...

limestone
dating from the
Carboniferous The Carboniferous ( ) is a geologic period A geological period is one of the several subdivisions of geologic time enabling cross-referencing of rocks and geologic events from place to place. These periods form elements of a hierarchy of divisi ...
, 354 to 298 million years ago. These softer sediments have produced extensive cave systems such as the
Shannon Cave Shannon Cave is an active stream passage cave which straddles the border of County Fermanagh County Fermanagh ( ; ) is one of the thirty-two counties of Ireland Ireland (; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scots dialect, Ulster-Scots: ) is an isla ...

Shannon Cave
, the
Marble Arch Caves The Marble Arch Caves are a series of natural limestone Limestone is a common type of carbonate rock, carbonate sedimentary rock. It is composed mostly of the minerals calcite and aragonite, which are different Polymorphism (materials sci ...
and the
Caves of the Tullybrack and Belmore hills The Caves of the Tullybrack and Belmore hills are a collection of caves in southwest County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. The region is also described as the West Fermanagh Scarplands by environmental agencies and shares many similar Karst topograp ...
. The carboniferous shale exists in several counties of northwest Ireland, an area known colloquially as the
Lough Allen Lough Allen () is a lake on the River Shannon in northeastern Connacht, Republic of Ireland, Ireland. Most of the lake is in County Leitrim, with a smaller part in County Roscommon. The lake lies to the south of the River Shannon's source, near t ...

Lough Allen
basin. The basin is estimated to contain 9.4 trillion cubic metres of
natural gas Natural gas (also called fossil gas; sometimes just gas) is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon In , a hydrocarbon is an consisting entirely of and . Hydrocarbons are examples of s. Hydrocarbons are generally colourless and hydrophobic wit ...

natural gas
, equivalent to 1.5 billion barrels of oil. The county is situated over a sequence of prominent faults, primarily the Killadeas – Seskinore Fault, the Tempo – Sixmilecross Fault, the Belcoo Fault and the Clogher Valley Fault which cross-cuts Lough Erne.


History

The Menapii are the only known Celtic tribe specifically named on
Ptolemy Claudius Ptolemy (; grc-koi, Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος, , ; la, Claudius Ptolemaeus; AD) was a mathematician A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics Mathematics (from Greek: ) includes ...
's 150 AD map of
Ireland Ireland ( ; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scots dialect, Ulster-Scots: ) is an island in the Atlantic Ocean, North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel (Great Britain and Ireland), North Channel, the Irish Sea ...

Ireland
, where they located their first colony—Menapia—on the
Leinster Leinster ( ; ga, Laighin or ) is one of the provinces of Ireland A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or sovereign state, state. The term derives from the ancient Roman ''Roman province, provincia'', which ...

Leinster
coast circa 216 BC. They later settled around
Lough Erne Lough Erne ( , ) is the name of two connected lake A lake is an area filled with water, localized in a basin, surrounded by land, apart from any river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ...

Lough Erne
, becoming known as the Fir Manach, and giving their name to
Fermanagh Fermanagh ( ga, Fir Manach) was a kingdom of Gaelic Ireland Gaelic Ireland ( ga, Éire Ghaelach) was the Gaelic political and social order, and associated culture, that existed in Ireland Ireland (; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scots dialect, Uls ...
and
Monaghan Monaghan ( ; ) is the county town In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a syno ...

Monaghan
. Mongán mac Fiachnai, a 7th-century King of
Ulster Ulster (; ga, Ulaidh or ''Cúige Uladh'' ; sco, label= Ulster Scots, Ulstèr or ''Ulster'') is one of the four traditional Irish provinces A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative ...

Ulster
, is the protagonist of several legends linking him with
Manannán mac Lir File:Broighter Gold, Dublin, October 2010 (03).JPG, The boat from the 1st century BC Broighter Hoard, which was found near Magilligan and may be a votive offering to Manannán Manannán or Manann, also known as Manannán mac Lir ("son of the sea ...
. They spread across
Ireland Ireland ( ; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scots dialect, Ulster-Scots: ) is an island in the Atlantic Ocean, North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel (Great Britain and Ireland), North Channel, the Irish Sea ...

Ireland
, evolving into historic Irish (also Scottish and Manx) clans. The
Annals of Ulster The ''Annals of Ulster'' ( ga, Annála Uladh) are annals Annals ( la, annāles, from , "year") are a concise historical History (from Ancient Greek, Greek , ''historia'', meaning "inquiry; knowledge acquired by investigation") is the study o ...
which cover medieval Ireland between AD 431 to AD 1540 were written at Belle Isle on
Lough Erne Lough Erne ( , ) is the name of two connected lake A lake is an area filled with water, localized in a basin, surrounded by land, apart from any river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ...

Lough Erne
near
Lisbellaw Lisbellaw () is a village in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland, about east of Enniskillen. In 2008 it had an estimated population of 1,277 people. The village is built around the Church of Ireland parish church, which was built in the 18th cent ...
. Fermanagh was a stronghold of the Maguire clan and Donn Carrach Maguire (died 1302) was the first of the chiefs of the Maguire dynasty. However, on the confiscation of lands relating to Hugh Maguire, Fermanagh was divided in a similar manner to the other five escheated counties among Scottish and English undertakers and native Irish. The baronies of
Knockninny Knockninny () is a barony in County Fermanagh County Fermanagh ( ; ) is one of the thirty-two counties of Ireland Ireland (; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scots dialect, Ulster-Scots: ) is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean, North Atlantic. ...
and
Magheraboy Magheraboy () is a Barony (Ireland), barony in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. To its east lies Lough Erne, Lower Lough Erne, and it is bordered by three other baronies in Northern Ireland: Lurg to the north; Tirkennedy to the east; and Clanaw ...
were allotted to Scottish undertakers, those of
Clankelly Clankelly (Irish language, Irish: ''Clann Cheallaigh'', meaning Clan Kelly or, more literally, 'Offspring of Ceallaigh' Brian G. Scott (General Editor), Claire Foley and Ronan McHugh, ''An Archaeological Survey of County Fermanagh: Volume 1 - Part ...
,
Magherastephana Magherastephana is a barony in County Fermanagh County Fermanagh ( ; ) is one of the thirty-two counties of Ireland Ireland (; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scots dialect, Ulster-Scots: ) is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean, North Atlantic ...
and
Lurg Lurg () is a Barony (Ireland), barony situated in the north of County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. To its south lies Lough Erne, Lower Lough Erne, and it is bordered by four other baronies in Northern Ireland: Magheraboy to the south; Tirkennedy t ...
to English undertakers and those of
Clanawley Clanawley () is a Barony (Ireland), barony in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. To its east lies Lough Erne, Upper Lough Erne, and it is bordered by three other baronies: Magheraboy to the north; Tirkennedy and Knockninny to the east. It also bo ...
, Coole, and Tyrkennedy, to servitors and natives. The chief families to benefit under the new settlement were the families of Cole, Blennerhasset, Butler, Hume, and Dunbar. Fermanagh was made into a county by a statute of Elizabeth I, but it was not until the time of the
Plantation of Ulster The Plantation of Ulster ( gle, Plandáil Uladh; Ulster-ScotsUlster Scots, also known as Scotch-Irish, may refer to: * Ulster Scots people The Ulster Scots (Ulster-Scots The Ulster Scots (Ulster Scots dialects, Ulster-Scots: ''Ul ...

Plantation of Ulster
that it was finally brought under civil government. The closure of all the lines of
Great Northern Railway (Ireland) The Great Northern Railway (Ireland) (GNR(I) or GNRI) was an Irish gauge () railway company in Ireland. It was formed in 1876 by a merger of the Irish North Western Railway (INW), Northern Railway of Ireland, and Ulster Railway. The governments ...
within County Fermanagh in 1957 left the county as the first non-island county in the UK without a railway service.


Administration

The county was administered by
Fermanagh County Council Fermanagh County Council was the authority responsible for local government in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland, between 1899 and 1973. It was originally based at the Enniskillen Courthouse, but moved to County Buildings, Enniskillen, County Bui ...
from 1899 until the abolition of county councils in Northern Ireland in 1973. With the creation of Northern Ireland's district councils,
Fermanagh District Council Fermanagh District Council was a local council in Northern Ireland. It was created out of Fermanagh County Council and later merged with Omagh District Council in April 2015 under local government reorganisation to become Fermanagh and Omagh Dis ...
became the only one of the 26 that contained all of the county from which it derived its name. After the re-organisation of local government in 2015, Fermanagh was still the only county wholly within one council area, namely
Fermanagh and Omagh District Council Fermanagh and Omagh District Council ( ga, Comhairle Ceantair Fhear Manach agus na hÓmaí; Ulster Scots dialects, Ulster-Scots: ''Districk Cooncil o Fermanagh an Omey'') is a local authority in Northern Ireland and was established on 1 April 20 ...
, albeit that it constituted only a part of that entity. For the purposes of elections to the UK Parliament, the territory of Fermanagh is part of the Fermanagh and South Tyrone Parliamentary Constituency. This constituency elected
Provisional IRA The Irish Republican Army (IRA; ), also known as the Provisional Irish Republican Army, and informally as the Provos, was an Irish republican paramilitary Paramilitary forces usually tend to wear similar but different uniforms to the mili ...
Bobby Sands Robert Gerard Sands ( ga, Roibeárd Gearóid Ó Seachnasaigh; 9 March 19545 May 1981) was a member of the Provisional Irish Republican Army The Irish Republican Army (IRA; ), also known as the Provisional Irish Republican Army, and informal ...
as a member of parliament in the
April 1981 Fermanagh and South Tyrone by-election The by-election held in Fermanagh and South Tyrone on 9 April 1981 is considered by many to be the most significant by-election A by-election (also spelled bye-election), also known as a special election in the United States and the Philippines, ...
, shortly before his death.


Industry and tourism

Agriculture and tourism are two of the most important industries in Fermanagh. The main types of farming in the area are beef, dairy, sheep, pigs and some poultry. Most of the agricultural land is used as grassland for grazing and silage or hay rather than for other crops. The waterways are extensively used by cabin cruisers, other small pleasure craft and anglers. The main town of Fermanagh is
Enniskillen Enniskillen ( , from ga, Inis Ceithleann , 'Cethlenn, Ceithlenn's island') is the largest town in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. It is in the middle of the county, between the Upper and Lower sections of Lough Erne. It had a population of ...
(, 'Ceithleann's island'). The island town hosts a range of attractions including the
Castle Coole Castle Coole (from ga, CúlIreland_(left)_and_Great_Britain_(right),_are_large_islands_of_north-west_Europe image:Small_Island_in ..., acquired by ancestors with a successful background in merchantry. The income generated by the estates allowed Ca ...
Estate and
Enniskillen Castle Enniskillen Castle is situated in Enniskillen, County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. It was originally built in the 16th century and now houses the Fermanagh County Museum and the regimental museum of the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers and the 5th R ...

Enniskillen Castle
, which is home to the museum of The
Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers was an Ireland, Irish line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1968. The regiment was formed in 1881 by the amalgamation of the 27th (Inniskilling) Regiment of Foot and the 108th (Ma ...
and the 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards. Fermanagh is also home to The Boatyard Distillery, a distillery producing
gin , United States, 2010) Gin is a Liquor, distilled alcoholic drink that derives its predominant flavour from juniper berries (''Juniperus communis''). Gin originated as a medicinal liquor made by monks and alchemists across Europe, particularly ...
. Attractions outside Enniskillen include: *
Belleek Pottery Belleek Pottery Ltd is a porcelain company that began trading in 1884 as the ''Belleek Pottery Works Company Ltd'' in Belleek, County Fermanagh, Belleek, County Fermanagh, in what was to become Northern Ireland. The factory produces porcelain that ...
* Castle Archdale * Crom Estate * Cuilcagh Boardwalk Trail *
Devenish Island Devenish or Devinish () is an island in Lower Lough Erne Lough Erne ( , ) is the name of two connected lake A lake is an area filled with water, localized in a basin, surrounded by land, apart from any river A river is a natur ...

Devenish Island
*
Florence Court Florence Court is a large 18th-century house and estate located 8 miles south-west of Enniskillen, County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. It is set in the foothills of Cuilcagh Mountain. The nearby village is distinguished by the one-word name Flore ...
*
Marble Arch Caves The Marble Arch Caves are a series of natural limestone Limestone is a common type of carbonate rock, carbonate sedimentary rock. It is composed mostly of the minerals calcite and aragonite, which are different Polymorphism (materials sci ...
* Tempo Manor


Settlements


Large towns

(population of 18,000 or more and under 75,000 at 2001 Census) * none


Medium towns

(population of 10,000 or more and under 18,000 at 2001 Census) *
Enniskillen Enniskillen ( , from ga, Inis Ceithleann , 'Cethlenn, Ceithlenn's island') is the largest town in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. It is in the middle of the county, between the Upper and Lower sections of Lough Erne. It had a population of ...


Small towns

(population of 4,500 or more and under 10,000 at 2001 Census) * none


Intermediate settlements

(population of 2,250 or more and under 4,500 at 2011 Census) *
Irvinestown Irvinestown is a town in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. In 2008 it had an estimated population of 2,081 people. The most notable buildings are Necarne, Necarne Castle, formerly known as Castle Irvine, and Castle Archdale. Irvinestown is situa ...
*
Lisnaskea Lisnaskea () is the second-biggest settlement in County Fermanagh County Fermanagh ( ; ) is one of the thirty-two Counties of Ireland, counties of Ireland, one of the six Counties of Northern Ireland, counties of Northern Ireland and one of t ...


Villages

(population of 1,000 or more and under 2,250 at 2001 Census) *
Ballinamallard Ballinamallard or Bellanamallard (Flanagan, Deirdre & Laurence; ''Irish Place Names'', page 172. Gill & Macmillan, 2002. ) is a small village and townland in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. It had a population of 1,340 people in the United Kin ...
*
Lisbellaw Lisbellaw () is a village in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland, about east of Enniskillen. In 2008 it had an estimated population of 1,277 people. The village is built around the Church of Ireland parish church, which was built in the 18th cent ...


Small villages or hamlets

(population of less than 1,000 at 2001 Census) * Ballycassidy *
Belcoo Belcoo ( ()Flanagan, Deirdre & Laurence; ''Irish Place Names'', page 172. Gill & Macmillan, 2002. is a small village and townland A townland ( ga, baile fearainn; Ulster Scots dialects, Ulster-Scots: ''toonlann'') is a small geographical div ...
*
Bellanaleck Bellanaleck (Flanagan, Deirdre & Laurence; ''Irish Place Names'', page 182. Gill & Macmillan, 2002. ) is a small village in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. It lies just south of Enniskillen on the main A509 road (Northern Ireland), A509 (N3 r ...
*
BelleekBelleek may refer to: * Belleek, County Fermanagh, a village and civil parish in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland **Belleek Pottery, the village's major industry * Belleek, County Armagh, a townland in County Armagh, Northern Ireland (also known a ...
* Boho *
Brookeborough Brookeborough (; Irish: ''Achadh Lon'', meaning 'Field of the Blackbirds') is a village A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet (place), hamlet but smaller than a town (although the word is often u ...
* Clabby * Derrygonnelly *
Derrylin Derrylin ( or "Oakgrove of the blackbirds") is a village A village is a clustered human settlement In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to ...
* Ederney * Florencecourt *
Garrison Garrison (from the French ''garnison'', itself from the verb ''garnir'', "to equip") is the collective term for any body of troop A troop is a military sub-subunit, originally a small formation of cavalry, subordinate to a Squadron (cav ...
*
Kesh The Energy of Albania () is the largest electricity producing company in Albania. KESH operates the most important Power plant, electricity generating plants in the country. They include: The Drin River Cascade hydropower plants (Fierza HPP, Komani ...
*
Maguiresbridge Maguiresbridge is a small village in County Fermanagh County Fermanagh ( ; ) is one of the thirty-two counties of Ireland Ireland (; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scots dialect, Ulster-Scots: ) is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean, North Atl ...
* Newtownbutler *
Rosslea Rosslea or Roslea () is a small village in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland, near the border with County Monaghan in the Republic of Ireland. It stands on the Finn River (County Fermanagh and County Monaghan), Finn River and is beset by small n ...
* Teemore *
Tempo In musical terminology This is a list of musical terms that are likely to be encountered in printed scores, music reviews, and program notes. Most of the terms are Italian (see also Italian musical terms used in English Many musical terms ...


Subdivisions

Baronies *
Clanawley Clanawley () is a Barony (Ireland), barony in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. To its east lies Lough Erne, Upper Lough Erne, and it is bordered by three other baronies: Magheraboy to the north; Tirkennedy and Knockninny to the east. It also bo ...
*
Clankelly Clankelly (Irish language, Irish: ''Clann Cheallaigh'', meaning Clan Kelly or, more literally, 'Offspring of Ceallaigh' Brian G. Scott (General Editor), Claire Foley and Ronan McHugh, ''An Archaeological Survey of County Fermanagh: Volume 1 - Part ...
* Coole *
Knockninny Knockninny () is a barony in County Fermanagh County Fermanagh ( ; ) is one of the thirty-two counties of Ireland Ireland (; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scots dialect, Ulster-Scots: ) is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean, North Atlantic. ...
*
Lurg Lurg () is a Barony (Ireland), barony situated in the north of County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. To its south lies Lough Erne, Lower Lough Erne, and it is bordered by four other baronies in Northern Ireland: Magheraboy to the south; Tirkennedy t ...
*
Magheraboy Magheraboy () is a Barony (Ireland), barony in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. To its east lies Lough Erne, Lower Lough Erne, and it is bordered by three other baronies in Northern Ireland: Lurg to the north; Tirkennedy to the east; and Clanaw ...
*
Magherastephana Magherastephana is a barony in County Fermanagh County Fermanagh ( ; ) is one of the thirty-two counties of Ireland Ireland (; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scots dialect, Ulster-Scots: ) is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean, North Atlantic ...
*
Tirkennedy Tirkennedy () is a Barony (Ireland), barony in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. To its west lies Lough Erne, Lower Lough Erne and south Lough Erne, Upper Lough Erne, and it is bordered by seven other baronies: Clanawley and Magheraboy to the we ...
Parishes Townlands


Media

Newspapers * '' The Fermanagh Herald'' * ''
The Impartial Reporter The ''Impartial Reporter'' is a newspaper based in Enniskillen, County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland which is circulated in Fermanagh, South County Tyrone, Tyrone and the List of regions of the Republic of Ireland, border counties of the Republic o ...
''


Sport

Fermanagh GAA has never won a Senior Provincial or an All-Ireland title in any Gaelic games. Only Ballinamallard United F.C. take part in the Northern Ireland football league system. All other Fermanagh clubs play in the Fermanagh & Western FA league systems. Fermanagh Mallards F.C. played in the Women's Premier League (Northern Ireland), Women's Premier League until 2013. Enniskillen RFC was founded in 1925 and is still going. There is also a rugby league team, the Rugby league in Ireland#Ulster League, Fermanagh Redskins Famous football players from Fermanagh include - * Sandy Fulton * Jim Cleary (Northern Irish footballer), Jim Cleary *Roy Carroll * Harry Chatton * Barry Owens * Kyle Lafferty


Notable people

Famous people born, raised in or living in Fermanagh include: * John Armstrong, Sr., John Armstrong (1717–1795), born in Fermanagh, Major General in the Continental Army and delegate in the Continental Congress * Samuel Beckett (1906–1989), author and playwright from Foxrock in
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Dublin
, educated at Portora Royal School * Basil Brooke, 1st Viscount Brookeborough, The 1st Viscount Brookeborough, Prime Minister of Northern Ireland, 1943-1963 * Denis Parsons Burkitt (1911–1993), doctor, discoverer of Burkitt's lymphoma * Roy Carroll (born 1977), association footballer * Edward Cooney (1867–1960), evangelist and early leader of the Cooneyite and Two by Twos, Go-Preachers * Brian D'Arcy (born 1945), C.P., Passionist priest and media personality * Brendan Dolan (born 1973), professional darts player for the Professional Darts Corporation, PDC * Adrian Dunbar (born 1958), actor * Arlene Foster (born 1970), politician * Neil Hannon (born 1970), musician * Sean Hoy (born 1964), Irish diplomat * Robert Kerr (athlete), Robert Kerr (1882–1963), athlete and Olympic gold medalist * Kyle Lafferty (born 1987), Northern Ireland International association footballer * Charles Lawson (born 1959), actor (plays Jim McDonald in ''Coronation Street'') * Francis Little (American politician), Francis Little (1822–1890), born in Fermanagh, Wisconsin Senate, Wisconsin State Senator * Terence MacManus (c. 1823–1861), leader in Young Irelander Rebellion of 1848 * Michael Magner (1840–97), recipient of the Victoria Cross * Peter McGinnity, Gaelic footballer, Fermanagh's first winner of an All-Star Award * Martin McGrath (Gaelic footballer), Martin McGrath, Gaelic footballer, All-Star winner * Ciarán McMenamin (born 1975), actor * Barry Owens, Gaelic footballer, two-time All-Star winner * Sean Quinn (born 1947), entrepreneur * Michael Sleavon (1826–1902), recipient of the Victoria Cross * Patrick Treacy, author and one-time physician to Michael Jackson * Joan Trimble (1915–2000), pianist and composer * Oscar Wilde (1854–1900), author and playwright, educated at Portora Royal School * Gordon Wilson (peace campaigner), Gordon Wilson (1927–1995), peace campaigner and Irish senator


Surnames

The most common surnames in County Fermanagh at the time of the United Kingdom Census 1901, United Kingdom Census of 1901 were: # Maguire (surname), Maguire # McManus # Johnston (surname), Johnston # Armstrong (surname), Armstrong # Gallagher (surname), Gallagher # Elliott # Murphy # Reilly # Cassidy (surname), Cassidy # Wilson (name), Wilson


Railways

The railway lines in County Fermanagh connected Enniskillen railway station with Derry from 1854, Dundalk from 1861, Bundoran from 1868 and Sligo from 1882. The railway companies that served the county, prior to the establishment by the merger of Londonderry and Enniskillen Railway, Enniskillen and Bundoran Railway the Dundalk and Enniskillen Railway which was later named the Irish North Western Railway, thus forming the
Great Northern Railway (Ireland) The Great Northern Railway (Ireland) (GNR(I) or GNRI) was an Irish gauge () railway company in Ireland. It was formed in 1876 by a merger of the Irish North Western Railway (INW), Northern Railway of Ireland, and Ulster Railway. The governments ...
. By 1883 the
Great Northern Railway (Ireland) The Great Northern Railway (Ireland) (GNR(I) or GNRI) was an Irish gauge () railway company in Ireland. It was formed in 1876 by a merger of the Irish North Western Railway (INW), Northern Railway of Ireland, and Ulster Railway. The governments ...
absorbed all the lines except the Sligo, Leitrim and Northern Counties Railway, which remained independent throughout its existence. In October 1957 the Government of Northern Ireland closed the GNR line, which made it impossible for the SL&NCR continue and forced it also to close. The nearest railway station to Enniskillen is Sligo Mac Diarmada Station, Sligo station which is served by trains to Dublin Connolly and is operated by Iarnród Éireann. The Dublin-Sligo railway line has a two-hourly service run by Iarnród Éireann. The connecting bus from Sligo via Manorhamilton to Enniskillen is route 66 operated by Bus Éireann.


See also

* List of monastic houses in Ireland#County Fermanagh, Abbeys and priories in Northern Ireland (County Fermanagh) * :Castles in County Fermanagh, Castles in County Fermanagh * Extreme points of the United Kingdom * High Sheriff of Fermanagh * List of parishes of County Fermanagh * List of places in County Fermanagh * List of townlands in County Fermanagh * Lord Lieutenant of Fermanagh * :People from County Fermanagh, People from County Fermanagh


Notes


References

* Clogher Record * "Fermanagh" A Dictionary of British Place-Names. A. D. Mills. Oxford University Press, 2003. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Northern Ireland Public Libraries. 25 July 2007 * "Fermanagh" Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007. Encyclopædia Britannica Online Library Edition. 25 July 2007
Britannica Library
. * Fermanagh: its special landscapes: a study of the Fermanagh countryside and its heritage /Department of the Environment for Northern Ireland. – Belfast: HMSO, 1991 * Peadar Livingstone, Livingstone, Peadar. – The Fermanagh story:a documented history of the County Fermanagh from the earliest times to the present day – Enniskillen: Cumann Seanchais Chlochair, 1969. * Lowe, Henry N. – County Fermanagh 100 years ago: a guide and directory 1880. – Belfast: Friar's Bush Press, 1990. * Parke, William K. – A Fermanagh Childhood. Derrygonnelly, Co Fermanagh: Friar's Bush Press, 1988.
Impartial Reporter

Fermanagh Herald


External links

*
Fermanagh on the interactive map of the counties of Great Britain and Ireland
– Wikishire
A folk history of Fermanagh
{{Authority control County Fermanagh, Geography of County Fermanagh, Counties of Northern Ireland,